Lugo: Wikis

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Lugo
View from the Roman wall of Lugo and its Cathedral

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Coat of arms
Lugo is located in Spain
Lugo
Coordinates: 43°00′44″N 7°33′21″W / 43.012087°N 7.555851°W / 43.012087; -7.555851
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Galicia
Province Lugo
Comarca Lugo
Government
 - Type Concello
 - Mayor José Clemente López Orozco (PSOE)
Elevation 465 m (1,526 ft)
Population (2009)INE
 - Total 96,678
 - Density 277.92/km2 (719.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (GMT +1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (GMT +2) (UTC)
Postcode 2700x
Area code(s) +34-982
Twin Cities
 - Dinan France
 - Viana do Castelo Portugal
 - Qinhuangdao China
ISO 3166-2 ES-LU
Patron Saint Saint Froilán
Website http://www.lugo.es

Lugo is a city in northwestern Spain, in the autonomous community of Galicia. It is the capital of the province of Lugo. The municipality had a population of 96,678 in 2009, becoming the fourth most populated city in Galiza

Contents

History

Renaissancist tower and apse of the Lugo Cathedral.

The city was probably founded by Celts of the Cult of Lugh[1], the bearer of the Grail and God of Light. Later conquered by Paulus Fabius Maximus and called Lucus Augusti (noted as Λοῦκος Αὐγούστον by Ptolemy, ii. 6. § 24) in 13 BC on the positioning of a Roman military camp[1], while the Roman Empire completed the conquest, in the North, of the Iberian Peninsula. Situated in what was the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis, it was the chief town of the tribe of the Capori. Though small it was the most important Roman town in what became Gallaecia during the Roman period, the seat of a conventus, one of three in Gallaecia, and later became one of the two capitals of Gallaecia, and gave its name to the Callaïci Lucenses. It was centrally situated in a large gold mining region, which during the Roman period was very active. The Conventus Lucensis, according to Pliny, began at the river Navilubio, and contained 16 peoples; besides the Celtici and Lebuni. Though these tribes were not powerful, and their names "barbarous" to Roman ears, there were among them 166,000 freemen (Plin. iii. 3. s. 4, iv. 20. s. 34). The city stood on one of the upper branches of the Minius (modern Minho), on the road from Bracara to Asturica (Itin. Ant. pp. 424, 430), and had some famous baths, near from the bridge across the Minho.

Back side of Lugo Cathedral.

Lucus was the seat of a bishopric by the later 5th century at the latest and remained an administrative center under the Suebi and Visigoths, before going into such a decline that the site was found to be deserted in the middle of the eighth century by bishop Odoario, who set about reviving it. Tenth century attempts at rebuilding its casas destructas (abandoned tenements) suggest that it remained a town only on paper: the seat of a bishopric, administered by a count, from which royal charters were issued. "Its commercial and industrial role was insignificant", Richard Fletcher wrote of 11th century Lugo[2].

During the High Middle Ages the city recovered.

Lugo in Galicia

Ecclesiastical history

The Romans had inhabited Lugo by 13 B.C., and built a large wall, protecting the city, inside of which was a beautiful cathedral constructed much later.

The Diocese of Lugo (Lucensis in Latin) which embraces all the province of Lugo and part of Pontevedra and Coruña in Galicia, Spain, is a suffragan of Santiago de Compostela. It is said to have been founded (by Agapitus) in Apostolic times.

The see certainly existed in the fifth century, as the authentic catalogue of its bishops begins with Agrescius (433), who is ranked as a metropolitan. Lugo, however, became a suffragan of the archbishopric of Braga somewhat later. In 561 it was restored to its ancient metropolitan dignity, Ourense, Iria Flavia, Astorga and Britonia being its dependent sees. Councils were held at Lugo in 569, 572, and perhaps 610 (see Baronius, 1597; Hardouin, Conc., II, 373). In 666 it again lost its metropolitan rank.

The diocese had in the early 20th century 1102 parishes, (Perujo says 647, infra), 1108 priests, 649 chapels, and 21 oratories and 5 religious houses for men, and 8 convents of women. The population was about 366,000, practically all Catholics. The diocese takes its name from the capital of the province which is situated on the Rio Minho.

The seminary of San Lorenzo, Lugo, with 400 students, was founded in 1591; it is incorporated with the prestigious University of Salamanca

Main sights

Old roman bridge over the Miño river in Lugo.
Roman Walls of Lugo*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Muralla.Lugo.Galicia.jpg
City Walls of Lugo. Roman walls built between the III and IV centuries.
State Party  Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 987
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2000  (24th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Located on a site above the Minho river and named after the Celtic god Lugus, it is the only city in Europe to be surrounded by completely intact Roman walls, which reach a height of 10 to 15 metres along a 2117 m m circuit ringed with 71 towers. The walk along the top is continuous round the circuit. These 3rd century walls are protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The bridge over the Minho is essentially of Roman date, though many repairs over the centuries have effaced its Roman character.

Other sources suggest that the name Lucus Augusti comes from the Latin word Lucus, which means "sacred grove", or "sacred forest", as the city was founded on the place of a small grove.

The city possesses a fine cathedral dedicated to St. Froilán, built about 1129, though the actual main facade and towers date only from 1769. Its elegant stalls were carved by Francisco Mouro in 1624. This cathedral enjoys the extraordinary privilege of having the Blessed Sacrament perpetually exposed, a privilege which is commemorated in the armorial bearings of the town. Besides the walls, sights include the cathedral, built between the 12th and the 18th centuries, and the Museo Provincial, which shows a display of Galician art and other building of the 18th century and the Palace of the arts (Circulo das Artes) and the 'Maior Square', which is the site of many cafes.

Gallery

See also

Sources and references

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Notes

  1. ^ The cardo and decumanus of the ancient plan can still be recognized in the modern street plan.
  2. ^ Richard A. Fletcher, 1984. Saint James's Catapult: The Life and Times of Diego Gelmírez of Santiago de Compostela (Oxford University Press) (on-line text, ch. 1)

External links

Coordinates: 43°00′N 7°34′W / 43°N 7.567°W / 43; -7.567


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Lugo is in Galicia, NW of Spain.

  • Hotel Spa Casa Conors, Carretera de Forxan [1]. Hotel Spa Casa Conors is located at an exceptional spot on the Galician coasts, namely, the town of Foz, province of Lugo.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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