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Luigi
LuigiNSMBW.png
Luigi, as seen in New Super Mario Bros. Wii
Series Mario
First game Mario Bros. (1983)
Created by Shigeru Miyamoto
Voiced by (English) Video games
Mark Graue (Hotel Mario)
Charles Martinet (1996-present)

Television
Danny Wells (The Super Mario Bros. Super Show)
Tony Rosato (Super Mario Bros. 3 and Super Mario World)

Voiced by (Japanese) Ichirōta Miyagawa (BS Super Mario USA Power Challenge, Excitebike: Bun Bun Mario Battle Stadium)
Yū Mizushima (Super Mario Bros.: Peach-Hime Kyushutsu Dai Sakusen!)
Naoki Tatsuta (OVA trilogy)
Live action actor(s) Danny Wells (The Super Mario Bros. Super Show)
John Leguizamo (film)
Hiroyuki Yabe (Hot Mario Bros.)

Luigi (ルイージ Ruīji?) is a fictional character featured in video games and related media released by Nintendo. Created by prominent game designer Shigeru Miyamoto, Luigi is portrayed as the younger brother of Nintendo's mascot Mario, appearing in many games throughout the Mario series, frequently as a sidekick to his brother.

Luigi first appeared in the 1983 arcade game Mario Bros. as the character controlled by the second player, and retained this role in Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 3, Super Mario World, and other titles. The first game where he was available as a primary character was Super Mario Bros. 2. In more recent appearances, Luigi's role became increasingly restricted to spinoffs such as the Mario Party and Mario Kart series, though he has been featured in a starring role on two occasions; first in the 1991 educational game Mario is Missing and later in Luigi's Mansion for the Gamecube in 2001. In both of these games, he is called upon to act as the hero because Mario, the normal hero within the franchise, is in need of rescue.

Originally developed as palette swap of Mario with a green color scheme as opposed to red, Luigi has since developed a personality and style of his own. As his role in the Mario series progressed, Luigi evolved into a physically distinct character, taller and thinner than his brother. Although as kindhearted as Mario, Luigi is portrayed as timid and even a bit of a coward, especially in the presence of ghosts or when forced to do tasks that seemingly are impossible for him to accomplish.

Contents

Concept and creation

The arcade version of Mario Bros., released in 1983, featured Luigi (right) in his debut appearance as a palette swap of Mario.

The events leading to Luigi's creation began in 1979, during the development of Donkey Kong, where the Nintendo designer Shigeru Miyamoto had created Mario (then known as "Jumpman") hoping that he would be able to recast the character in a variety of different roles in future games.[1] Miyamoto had been inspired by the game Joust to create a game with a simultaneous two-player mode, which led to his development of the game Mario Bros. in 1983, with Luigi filling the role of Mario's brother as the second playable character.[2] In accordance with Nintendo's marketing policy of naming and promoting individual characters,[1] the new character was given the name Luigi, which was inspired by a pizza parlor near Nintendo of America's headquarters in Redmond, Washington, called "Mario & Luigi's".[2] While Mario was originally portrayed as a carpenter in Donkey Kong, the duo of Mario and Luigi in Mario Bros. were styled as Italian plumbers by Miyamoto, on the suggestion of a colleague.[3] Software constraints of the time - similar to those that gave Mario his distinctive look in Donkey Kong - meant Luigi's first appearance was restricted to a simple palette swap of Mario designed to represent the second player. Graphically and in terms of gameplay, the characters were completely identical, except for their color schemes[4]; the green color scheme adopted for Luigi would remain one of his defining physical characteristics in subsequent releases.

As shown in the character select screen, the Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic-inspired version of Super Mario Bros. 2 marked a significant step in Luigi's development, with the departure of his design from a palette swap of Mario to a more physically distinguished character (selected).

After the success of Mario Bros., Luigi was introduced to a wider audience in 1985 with the release of the console game Super Mario Bros. Once again his role was restricted to a palette swap of Mario, functioning as the second-player in a similar fashion to Mario Bros.. The subsequent release of Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels in 1986, however, marked the beginning of Luigi's development toward a more distinguished character. In that title, Luigi was imbued with a number of unique attributes which would later become hallmarks, such as the ability to jump higher - while gaining traction more slowly - than Mario. As with his previous appearances, Luigi remained a palate swap of Mario. While this version of Super Mario Bros. 2 was released in Japan, it was deemed to be too difficult for American audiences at the time,[3] leading to the development of an alternative release for the latter; this version would play a key role in shaping Luigi's current appearance.[3] In 1988, consequently, a version of Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic with the graphics altered to represent characters and scenes from the Mario franchise was released in the United States as Super Mario Bros. 2. In this release, the character of "Mama" served as the template for Luigi, resulting in his redesign to a taller, thinner look, complete with his ubiquitous green color scheme. As this alternative version of Super Mario Bros. 2 was largely spearheaded by the Nintendo of America division, the Japanese headquarters was not immediately influenced by this change in Luigi's appearance. From the 1992 game Super Mario Kart onwards, however, Luigi's distinguished appearance from the Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic-inspired version of Super Mario Bros. 2 was adopted by Nintendo for both character artwork and in-game appearances.

Actor portrayal

Upon debuting on the Nintendo 64, Luigi received a voice, provided by Charles Martinet, who also voices Mario, Wario, Waluigi, and Toadsworth. Much like his appearance, Luigi's vocal portrayal has fluctuated over the years. When first introduced in Mario Kart 64, Luigi's voice was considerably lower in pitch than Mario's (although it was high pitched in the Japanese version[citation needed]); however, in Mario Party, his voice has a much higher pitch, similar to Mario's voice (the same voice from the Japanese Mario Kart 64). He retained this higher voice in Mario Party 2. In Mario Golf, Mario Tennis, and Mario Party 3, his voice returned to a lower state. Since then, with the exceptions of Mario Kart Super Circuit and Super Smash Bros. Melee, Luigi has consistently had a medium-pitched voice. In Mario Kart Super Circuit, Luigi's voice was the same high voice from the Japanese Mario Kart 64. In Super Smash Bros. and Super Smash Bros. Melee, Luigi's voice is made up of clips from Mario's voice taken from Super Mario 64, with raised pitches. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, he has his own voice instead of a pitched-up version of Mario's.

Characteristics

Although Luigi is a plumber, like his brother, other facets of his personality vary from game to game. Luigi can jump higher than Mario, but has less traction on the ground. He is also associated with the element of lightning from Mario and Luigi: Superstar Saga due to his move Thunder Hand.

Age

In many games and game manuals, Luigi is said to be the younger of the Mario brothers. In the Paper Mario series, he refers to Mario as "big brother". However, in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, it is stated that he and Mario are twins, and the game includes a scene where the infant brothers are delivered by the stork to their parents.[5] The Official European Mario Megastar website states Luigi is a slightly younger twin in his profile, while numerous Japanese sources state that Mario and Luigi are twins. Also, Super Paper Mario implies that they may be twins (Luvbi, a character in the game, refers to Mario and Luigi as twins[6] despite Luigi calling Mario "big bro" on more than one occasion both before and after Luvbi's statement).[7] Super Smash Bros. Brawl includes a trophy of Luigi that states that Luigi is "Mario's younger twin brother".[8] On the other hand, Solid Snake's Codec conversation, as well as the Paper Luigi trophy, both state that Luigi is the younger brother, with Colonel Roy Campbell even calling Luigi a "kid brother".[9] In addition to this, Mario sometimes acts like a traditional older brother towards Luigi, mainly in the Paper Mario series.[10]

Appearances

Mario series

Luigi as seen in Luigi's Mansion. The vacuum was listed as one of the best Nintendo gimmicks by GameDaily.

Luigi's first appearance was in the 1983 arcade game Mario Bros. as the character controlled by the second player. He retained this role in Wrecking Crew. He later appeared in Super Mario Bros. for the NES, and again in Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels, Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Bros. 3, and Super Mario World. Super Mario Bros. 2 introduced Luigi as the taller of the two brothers, as well as the better jumper. However, Super Mario Bros. 3 and Super Mario World returned to featuring Luigi as a reskinned Mario. He made a minor appearance in his baby form in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island. Beginning with Super Mario 64, Luigi made no appearances in main Mario titles, including the sequel Super Mario Sunshine. However, the Nintendo DS remake of Super Mario 64 features him as a playable character alongside Mario, Yoshi, and Wario. He also received his own starring role in the Nintendo GameCube video game Luigi's Mansion. Luigi became playable in the Nintendo DS game New Super Mario Bros. as a hidden character, and as a hidden character in the Wii game Super Mario Galaxy. His most recent appearance was as a playable character in New Super Mario Bros. Wii, the first cooperative Mario platforming game since Super Mario World. Mario is Missing! is the first Mario game to feature only Luigi as a playable character, which did not occur again until Luigi's Mansion.

Appearance in other games

Luigi appears in several Mario spin-offs, including Mario Kart, Mario Party, and Mario sports titles. He also appears in all installments of the Super Smash Bros. series as an unlockable character in each.

Luigi has appeared in every Mario role-playing game. While he originally made a cameo appearance in the end credits of Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, he appears more prominently in the Paper Mario series. He is a non-playable character in the original Paper Mario. In the sequel Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, he appears yet again as a non-playable character, going on a separate adventure from Mario's. Super Paper Mario features him as a playable character after he is initially brainwashed into working for the antagonist. The Mario & Luigi series features Luigi as a main protagonist; the events of the game focus on him and his brother Mario. He has appeared in all three Mario & Luigi games, Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga, Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, and Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story.

Other media

Luigi made his animated debut in the 1986 Original video animation Super Mario Bros.: The Great Mission to Save Princess Peach. In the film, he was voiced by Yū Mizushima and had a different color sceme than he has today, sporting a blue cap, blue overalls, and a yellow shirt. This was because he was not yet given a consistent color scheme. In the OVA, Luigi was very greedy and even left Mario at one point to look for coins. He was also a little more serious than his brother Mario, who constantly would daydream about Princess Peach, although he is not as brave as Mario.[citation needed]

Luigi later made an appearance in the third of a trilogy of OVAs released in 1989, in which the Mario characters acted out the story of Snow White. He appears at the end of the video to save Mario and Peach from the Wicked Queen, portrayed by Bowser (called "Koopa" in Japan).

Luigi regularly appeared in The Super Mario Bros. Super Show!, airing from 1989 to 1990, which cast Danny Wells as both his live-action portrayal and voice. Like his brother, Luigi's voice actor changed in later cartoons, in his case to Tony Rosato. Even though he was not the starring character in the show, Luigi appeared in every episode of the three DiC Mario cartoons (91 episodes in total), in one of which Mario himself did not appear.[citation needed]

Luigi played a different role in the Super Mario Bros. film, where he was portrayed by John Leguizamo.[11] He was a more easy-going character in contrast to the cynical Mario (played by Bob Hoskins[11]) in the film.

Luigi has also appeared in several Robot Chicken sketches, always alongside Mario. In one sketch, he and Mario accidentally appear in Vice City, from the Grand Theft Auto series, while another features them competing in a Cannonball Run-styled car race.

Reception

GameDaily listed the "neglected guy" as one of their top 25 video game archetypes, citing Luigi as an example and stating that he lacks the charisma of his brother Mario and that he should get another starring role.[12] They also listed Luigi's Poltergust 3000 from Luigi's Mansion as one of the top 25 Nintendo gimmicks.[13]

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also luigi

Italian

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Luigi m.

  1. A male given name, cognate to Louis

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Luigi


The Green Man

Information
Game Series Mario series
1st Appearance Mario Bros. (1981)
Alias:
Alter Ego: Mr. L
Japanese Name: ルイージ, Ruīji
Status:
Affiliation:
Occupation: Plumber, golfer, tennis pro, baseball player, soccer captain, dancer, etc.
Position:
Rank:
Nationality:
Species human
Age:
Height:
Weight:
Gender: Male
Blood Type:
Birthdate:
Birthplace:
Likes:
Dis-Likes: Ghosts
Hobbies:
Family: Mario (older brother)
Home: Mushroom Kingdom
Power: Thunderhand
Fighting Style:
Weapon(s): Hammer
Skill(s):
Special Skill(s):
Creator(s): Shigeru Miyamoto
Voice Actor(s): Charles Martinet
Trademark: Blue/Geen overalls, Green "L" cap.
Notes:


Luigi is the often overlooked brother of videogame superstar Mario. Originally, he was just "Player 2", a palette swap of Mario. Over time, he became his own character, showing slight differences with Mario. In games such as Super Mario Bros. 2 or Super Smash Bros., Luigi is often categorized as being faster or jumping higher. However Luigi, in exchange, has little or no traction and has problems stopping in multiple games.

His first leading role was in the game Mario Is Missing!. It was not until the Nintendo GameCube launch title, Luigi's Mansion, that he got to be the main character again. Otherwise, Luigi is a staple of the Mario universe, being included in every mario sports game, and was even given his own arch nemesis, Waluigi, to compare to Mario's Wario.

Luigi has been called, "That Green Guy." Luigi's full name is "Luigi Mario". His name is a pun, as "Ruiji" is Japanese for 'similar'.

Trivia

  • Luigi was first introduced in Mario Bros., a game that was not originally intended to be 2-player until Miyamoto saw Joust. He was very impressed with the concept, and wanted to introduce a second player to the gameplay, Mario's brother. His name is rumored to have come from a pizza parlor nearby the then-new Redmond, Washington headquarters of Nintendo of America called "Mario and Luigi's."
  • Luigi's evil twin/rival Waluigi, is Luigi's answer to Mario's Wario.
  • His full name is Luigi Mario.
  • Luigi's tall, thin, and squirrel characteristics first distinguished him from Mario in Super Mario 2. This is because Mario 2 was basically the game Doki Doki Panic with a few sprite swaps. The original character that Luigi usurped was tall and thin with good jumping skills. These characteristics would later carry over into other games.
  • Luigi's personality wasn't distinguished from Mario's until Luigi's Mansion, a survival horror that casted Luigi as a reluctant scaredy-cat hero.
  • Luigi's use as a comic relief character wasn't really fully fleshed out until Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga. His humorous (yet silently mimed) role in this game won many fans over. He now has a small following that appreciates him more than the real hero, Mario.
  • In New Super Mario Bros., players can control Luigi in the single player game by holding the L + R buttons when selecting a save file.

This article uses material from the "Luigi" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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