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Luis Tiant

Tiant at the 2009 premiere of Lost Son of Havana
Pitcher
Born: November 23, 1940 (1940-11-23) (age 69)
Marianao, Cuba
Batted: Right Threw: Right 
MLB debut
July 19, 1964 for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
September 4, 1982 for the California Angels
Career statistics
Win-Loss record     229-172
Earned run average     3.30
Strikeouts     2,416
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Luis Clemente Tiant Vega (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis ˈtjant]), born November 23, 1940? in Marianao, Cuba, (then part of Havana Province), is a former right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Cleveland Indians (1964-1969), Minnesota Twins (1970), Boston Red Sox (1971-1978), New York Yankees (1979-80), Pittsburgh Pirates (1981) and California Angels (1982).

Contents

Career

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Cuba and Mexico

Tiant was the only child of Luis Tiant, Sr. and Isabel Vega. From 1926 through 1948, the senior Tiant was a great left-handed pitcher for the Negro League's New York Cubans during the summer and the Cuban professional league's Cienfuegos in the winter, his heroics being followed by hundreds of thousands of Cubans. Luis Jr. followed in his father's footsteps at an early age, joining both the local Little and Juvenile baseball leagues until he starred for the Havana team and was picked up for the Cuban Juvenile League All-Star team in 1957.

His talent was recognized by former Cleveland Indians All-Star, Bobby Avila, who was scouting for talent in Cuba. Avila recommended him to the Mexico City Tigers of the Mexican League. Tiant was signed for $150 a month, and for the next three years he divided his time between the Tigers and the Havana Sugar Kings in the International League.

Cleveland Indians system

At the end of the summer of 1961, and under Avila recommendations, Cleveland purchased Tiant's contract for $35,000. But with the rise of Fidel Castro's regime in his native Cuba -- specifically, after heightened tensions following the US-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion in April of that year -- it was impossible for Tiant to return home. He would not see his parents for 14 years.

Tiant progressed through the Indians farm system and got the call to the big club after a 15-1 record at Triple-A Portland. On, July 19, 1964, Tiant debuted with a four-single, 11 strikeout, 3–0 shutout victory against the defending AL Champion New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium. The losing pitcher was Whitey Ford. Tiant finished his rookie season with a 10-4 record, 105 strikeouts, and a 2.83 ERA in 19 games.

In 1966, Tiant tied a major league record when he pitched four straight shutouts on his way to 12 wins and a 2.79 ERA. Tiant broke through in 1968, after he altered his delivery so that he turned away from the home plate during his motion, in effect creating a hesitation pitch. According to Tiant, the new motion was a response to a drop in his velocity due to an arm injury.[1]. Twisting and turning his body into unthinkable positions, Tiant would spend more time looking at second base than he did the plate as he prepared to throw.

In that season, he led the league in ERA (1.60), shutouts (9), hits per nine innings (a still-standing franchise record 5.30, which broke Herb Score's 5.85 in 1956 and would be a Major-League record low until Nolan Ryan gave up 5.26 hits/9 innings in 1972), strikeouts per nine innings (9.22, more than a batter an inning), while finishing with a 21-9 mark. Beside this, opposing hitters batted just .168 off Tiant, a major league record, and on July 3 he struck out 19 Minnesota Twins in a ten-inning game, setting an American League record for games of that length. His 1.60 ERA was the lowest in the American League since Walter Johnson's 1.49 mark during the dead-ball era in 1919, and second lowest in 1968 only to Bob Gibson's 1.12—the lowest ever during the Live Ball Era.

Minnesota Twins

After an injury-plagued season in 1969, Tiant was traded to the Twins in a multi-player deal that brought fellow pitcher Dean Chance and third baseman Graig Nettles to the Indians. With Minnesota, Tiant began 1970 with six wins, but then he fractured his right scapula, essentially ending his season, and some felt, his career. He showed some promise in the 1971 spring training, but was released.

Boston Red Sox

The Braves signed him to a minor league contract to play with their Triple-A Richmond, where he pitched well, and was acquired by the Louisville Colonels, a farm team of the Boston Red Sox.

He was quickly called back up to the majors, and despite struggling through 1971 with a 1-7 record and 4.88 ERA, he would soon become one of the greatest and most beloved pitchers in Red Sox history and a great idol in Boston.

Luis Tiant aboard USS Albany, June 2007

Starting to be known as "El Tiante" at Fenway Park, in 1972 Tiant regained his old form with a 15-6 record and led the league with a 1.91 ERA. He would win 20 games in 1973 and 22 in 1974.

Though hampered by back problems in 1975, he won 18 games for the American League Champion Red Sox and then excelled for Boston in the postseason. In the playoffs he defeated the three time defending World Champion Oakland Athletics in a 7-1 three-hitter complete game, then opened the World Series against the Cincinnati Reds. His father and mother, having been allowed to visit from Cuba under a special visa, were in Fenway Park that game to watch his son defeat The Big Red Machine in a 6-0 five-hit shutout. All six Red Sox runs were scored in the seventh inning; Tiant led off that inning (the designated hitter was not yet in use in World Series play) with a base hit off Don Gullett and eventually scored on Carl Yastrzemski's single for the first of those six runs.

Tiant won Game 4 as well (throwing 163 pitches in his second complete game in the series) and had a no-decision in Game 6, which has been called the greatest game ever played, after Carlton Fisk’s dramatic game-winning walk-off home run in the 12th inning.

Tiant went 21-12 in 1976, 12-8 in 1977, and 13-8 in 1978.

New York Yankees

At the end of the 1978 season, Tiant signed as a free agent with the Yankees. Tiant compiled a 21-17 record in New York over two seasons from 1979-80.

Post-playing days

He finished his career after two brief stints for the Pirates and Angels.

In his 19-season career, Tiant compiled a 229-172 record with 2416 strikeouts, a 3.30 ERA, 187 complete games, and 49 shutouts in 3,486.1 innings. He was inducted to the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 1997.

Tiant served as the head coach for the baseball team at the Savannah College of Art and Design from 1998-2001 where he posted a record of 55-97 with a .366 winning percentage

Tiant has fallen short the past few years on being selected to the Hall of Fame. He was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame on July 23, 2002, in a pregame on-field ceremony at Fenway Park.

Well known for his great pitching, unique delivery, charisma, and as an avid cigar smoker, he launched a line of cigars that he formulated and designed, branding them with his nickname, El Tiante.

As of 2007, Luis Tiant resides in Southborough, MA, USA. He also works for the Red Sox as a pitching advisor.

Tiant is the subject of the documentary film "The Lost Son of Havana", produced by Kris Meyer and the Farrelly brothers, and directed by Jonathan Hock. It had its world premiere on April 23 at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival, and was promptly acquired by ESPN Films.

Quotes

  • He's always given me tips on how to do things, how to make things easier. Every day you can learn from a pitcher like him. - Former Red Sox pitcher Pedro Martínez.
  • If a man put a gun to my head and said I'm going to pull the trigger if you lose this game, I'd want Luis Tiant to pitch that game. - Former Red Sox manager Darrell Johnson.
  • When I was a boy growing up in Cuba, Luis Tiant was a national hero. Now I'm thirty-six and he's thirty-seven - Tony Perez.[1]
  • You can talk about anybody else on that team (1975 Red Sox) you want to, but when the chips are on the line, Luis Tiant is the greatest competitor I've ever seen." - Jim Palmer Orioles Hall of Famer
  • "I've never heard anything like that ("Loo-Eee, Loo-Eee, Loo-Eee" chanting in Fenway Park) in my life. But I'll tell you one thing: Tiant deserved every bit of it" - Carl "Yaz" Yastrzemski (Red sox retired number 8)
  • "The fastball is the best pitch in baseball. It's like having five pitches, if you move it around." - Luis Tiant
  • "Normal relations, never. We should never forget what has happened to the people in Cuba for forty years. All baseball cares about is getting players out of Cuba. It doesn't care about the suffering, just money. The Orioles shouldn't have gone to Cuba. This is a free county, but that's the way I feel." - Luis Tiant
  • "If we lose today, it will be over my dead body. They'll have to leave me face down on the mound." - Luis Tiant

Fact

  • Only 5 pitchers have pitched four or more straight shutouts in the 40-year expansion era:
Don Drysdale (six, 1968)
Bob Gibson (five, 1968)
Orel Hershiser (five, 1988)
Gaylord Perry (four, 1970)
Luis Tiant (four, 1966)

Notes

See also

External links

Preceded by
Joe Horlen
Vida Blue
American League ERA Champion
1968
1972
Succeeded by
Dick Bosman
Jim Palmer
Preceded by
Norm Cash
AL Comeback Player of the Year
1972
Succeeded by
John Hiller
Preceded by
Dick Green
Babe Ruth Award
1975
Succeeded by
Johnny Bench

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Luis Tiant (born November 23, 1940) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball.

Unsourced

  • Family is everything. It is even more important than baseball.
  • I didn't do it for show. I did it to get batters out. Players would tell me, 'We can't tell where the ball is coming from.'
  • If we lose today, it will be over my dead body. They'll have to leave me face down on the mound.
  • I had dreamed about being a college coach for a long time, but with no education, I never thought I would get a chance.
  • Normal relations, never. We should never forget what has happened to the people in Cuba for forty years. All baseball cares about is getting players out of Cuba. It doesn't care about the suffering, just money. The Orioles shouldn't have gone to Cuba. This is a free county, but that's the way I feel.
  • The fastball is the best pitch in baseball. It's like having five pitches, if you move it around.
  • When I'm in Boston, I always feel like I'm home. I almost cry, I feel so good.

External links

Wikipedia
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