Luleå: Wikis

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Luleå
Storgatan in Luleå

Coat of arms
Luleå is located in Sweden
Luleå
Coordinates: 65°36′N 22°9′E / 65.6°N 22.15°E / 65.6; 22.15Coordinates: 65°36′N 22°9′E / 65.6°N 22.15°E / 65.6; 22.15
Country Sweden
Province Norrbotten
County Norrbotten County
Municipality Luleå Municipality
Charter 17th Century
Area [1]
 - Total 28.81 km2 (11.1 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 45,467
 - Density 1,578/km2 (4,087/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.lulea.se

About this sound Luleå (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈlʉːlɛo]; Lule sami: Luleju, Finnish: Luulaja) is a city on the coast of northern Sweden with 45,467 inhabitants in 2005.[1] It is the seat of Luleå Municipality and the capital of Norrbotten County.

Contents

Geography

The town of Luleå is situated on a peninsula where Lule Bay meets the Gulf of Bothnia; the bay stretches northwest and becomes the Lule River, allowing sea-based transportation across the county. The town's location on the peninsula of Svartöstaden required expansion, and therefor much of its ground area of 2110 square kilometres is human-made. Luleå also has urban areas built on the island of Hertsön which, thanks to Luleå's location, is Sweden's 7th most populated.

The harbour of Luleå — Sweden's fifth-largest transporting over 7 million tons of cargo each year — is of particular significance for iron ore from LKAB's mining in Kiruna and Gällivare/Malmberget. During the winter, sea traffic continues at a virtually unchanged rate with the assistance of icebreakers; Luleå is the home port of the Swedish icebreaker armada.

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Archipelago

Luleå archipelago contains over 700 islands, and stretches so far that it reaches the county limit of Norrbotten/Västerbotten and the Finland border. Archaeological exhibitions have discovered several mazes which were probably used for fertility and agricultural rituals. Of the 300 mazes worldwide which share this distinct pattern, 100 are found on the islands of Luleå.

History

Luleå Old Town around 1700, from Suecia antiqua et hodierna.
Luleå New Town from same book. The most prominent buildings are the church and the town hall.

Luleå was already an important harbour in the 13-15th centuries.

The Royal charter was granted in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. The original town was situated where Gammelstad (Old Town) is situated today. The town had to be moved in 1649 to the current site, due to the land elevation that had made the bay too shallow for ships to enter.

The Gammelstad Church Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In 1887, a devastating fire destroyed most of the town, sparing only a few buildings. The Neo-Gothic Cathedral (originally the Oscar Fredrik church), dedicated in 1893, is at 67 meters (220 ft) the tallest building in town.

Economy

Luleå's commerce and industry is a mix of industry, research, education, trade, and services. The university's educational programmes have attracted new businesses as well as local offices for multinational corporations.

Major employers in the city are the SSAB steelworks and Luleå University of Technology. A Swedish Air Force wing, F 21 (or Norrbotten Air Force Wing), are stationed near Luleå at the neighbouring Luleå Airport. Other major employers include Ferruform (a subsidiary of Scania AB) and Gestamp HardTech (overtaken from SSAB 2005-01-01).

IT industry

The information technology industry in Luleå has about 2000 employees (2008).

Luleå is the home of several major innovations and technological milestones.[2]

  • The First GSM Call (1989)
  • The VDSL standard (2000-2007)
  • Broadcast Radio – RDS, DAB, DARC (1992-1997)
  • The Luleå Algorithm for routing (1997)
  • Mobile Header Compression (1999-2001)
  • Internet Protocols for Smart Objects (2000-)
  • Living Labs – leading European service testbed with 6000 users (2001-)
  • HDTV transport layer for telephony cabling (1996)
  • Software GPS in mobile phones (2005-)
  • OFDM – the basis for 4G (1990-2006)
  • Marratech - pioneers in Internet-based E-meetings (1998-) - acquired by Google, releasing in November 2008 video-chat support in Gmail
  • Arena project, IT in Sports – sensors, handheld wireless video (1999-2002)
  • Estreet project - First large-scale mobile marketing experiment (2000)

Climate

Luleå has subarctic climate with short cool summers and long cold and snowy winters. Despite its extremely northern latitude, the climate is relatively mild compared to other places at similar latitude because of the Gulf Stream.[3]

Weather data for Luleå
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) -7
(19)
-6
(21)
-1
(30)
4
(40)
11
(52)
17
(63)
20
(68)
18
(64)
12
(54)
6
(42)
-2
(29)
-6
(22)
6
(42)
Average low °C (°F) -13
(8)
-13
(8)
-9
(16)
-3
(26)
2
(36)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(51)
6
(42)
0
(32)
-6
(21)
-11
(12)
-1
(29.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
26
(1.02)
23
(0.91)
18
(0.71)
23
(0.91)
32
(1.26)
42
(1.65)
42
(1.65)
31
(1.22)
34
(1.34)
31
(1.22)
27
(1.06)
362
(14.25)
Source: World Weather Information Service[4] 2008-12-16

Media

Newspapers

Culture

Luleå has a variety of cultural institutions, amongst them Norrbottensteatern, Norrbottens museum, and Norrbotten big band led by Tim Hagans. In January 2007 the Cultural house (Kulturens Hus) was opened. A library, concerts, and art exhibitions are all hosted here.

Sports

Luleå has many teams competing in a variety of sports including association football (Lira Luleå BK and IFK Luleå), ice hockey (Luleå HF, who play in the Elitserien) and basketball (Plannja Basket for men and Luleå Basket for women; Plannja has won Basketligan 7 times, which is a record). In Luleå there is also an American football team, the Luleå Eskimos.

Shopping

The number of stores and malls has grown in recent years. Beyond the fact that the city is housing one of the world's first indoor malls, Shopping, there are also the malls Strand, Smedjan, Folksamhuset and the first "youth-galleria" of Sweden, Storgatan 61, located in the city center. There are two main shopping streets in the city centre: Storgatan and Kungsgatan.

A new shopping area in the industrial area of Storheden outside the city was recently built.

UNESCO World heritage

Notable people (alphabetical)

See also

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Luleå is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Luleå is a regional centre with a technical university and steelworks in Norrbotten, northern Sweden, with about 70,000 inhabitants. The city is situated at the mouth of the Lule River, in the northwest corner of the Gulf of Bothnia.

Get in

By plane

SAS have seven flights per day from Stockholm Arlanda to Kallax Airport, with a flight time of about 1 hour 10 minutes. The same route is also served by Norwegian. Kallax lies about 5km from Luleå city centre, which is accessable via shuttle bus [1] or taxi. The shuttle bus to the center costs 45 SEK each way, and is timed to depart based on the flight schedule.

There are also scheduled flights to Kiruna/Tromsö (Nordkalottflyg), Pajala (Nordkalottflyg), Umeå/Östersund (Nordic Regional), Gothenburg (City Airline), Sundsvall/Borlänge (Direktflyg) and Murmansk/Archangelsk (Archangelsk Airlines).

Map of Malmbanan
Map of Malmbanan

Luleå is the easternmost point in the Swedish rail network. Night trains connect to Stockholm along the eastern coastal line. The Malmbanan railway line goes up to Narvik in Norway via towns of Kiruna, Gällivare and Boden. Note that the line ends in Narvik and does not link to the rest of the Norweigan rail network.

By bus

The gap in the rail network between Finland and Sweden is covered by buses, which are free with most railpasses. The journey to the Finnish border at Tornio/Haparanda takes 2.5h, and onward to the Finnish railhead at Kemi another half hour.

Get around

A fast, cheap and comfortable way of getting to the different parts of the city, is by using the local bus traffic (LLT). Local buses are usually 20 SEK per trip. If you plan on making more than 4 trips, buy a 3-day tourist pass from the tourist office, which allows you unlimited travel on local buses for 80 SEK.

At weekends you should be able to catch a night-bus from most local traffic bus stations about once every hour between 0.00 and 3.00, at a raised cost.

Learn

Luleå tekniska universitet (Luleå University of Technology, LTU) [2] was established in 1971. Its faculties now include Engineering, Computer Science, Music, Wood Technology, Business, Mining and Space Science. It can be reached with buses 4, 5 and 8 in the direction of Porsön.

Buy

Shopping, Europe´s first indoor shopping mall is in the town centre.

Drink

Club Cleo [3] and STUK [4] are popular late-night dance clubs, with the former being located in the city center (next to the Quality Hotel) and the latter on the campus of LTU. You need a student ID or a special "guest ticket" (which can be purchased by LTU students) to get into STUK. Quality Hotel guests get free entrance to Cleo until midnight.

  • Grace Nightclub and Bar [5] (Grace Nattklubb) is located behind the Elite Stadshotellet in downtown Lulea. During the summer, it is a popular hangout, featuring three bars and two dancefloors. The entrance fee is 80 kronor.
  • Luleå Vandrarhem & Mini Hotell, Sandviksgatan 26, +46 22 26 60 ( luleavandrarhem@telia.com) [6]. Rooms and Dorms for a reasonable price.
  • First Camp Lulea [7]. Cottages and camping, big pool area, restaurants and cafe.
  • Gammelstads kyrkstad [8] (Gammelstad Church Town) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site about 10 km north west of Luleå, on a small island in the delta of the Lule River. At its centre is an early 15th century stone church surrounded by 408 cottages. The town was built to house church visitors from the surrounding countryside, who lived too far away to get back home before nightfall. It can be reach by local bus.
Routes through Luleå
StockholmSundsvall  W noframe E  HaparandaTornio
NarvikGällivare  W noframe E  END
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Proper noun

Luleå

  1. A town and municipality in Sweden.

Translations


Swedish

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Luleå

  1. Luleå

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