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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lunar New Year refers to the beginning of the year in several calendars. It is commonly assumed that they are all based on a lunar calendar. However, this is not the case.

Several sinospheric cultures' new year is based on the lunisolar Chinese calendar:

Other cultures use different methods to determine their new year:

  • Islamic New Year — This may be the only major new year celebration that is based on a purely lunar calendar
  • Rosh Hashanah — In the Jewish tradition, Rosh Hashanah begins at sundown on the 29th day of the month of Elul
  • Thai New Year (Songkran) — Although the traditional Thai calendar is also lunisolar, Songkran is determined on a purely solar basis
  • Tsagaan Sar, Mongolian lunisolar new year
  • Sinhala and Tamil new year celebrated in Sri Lanka coincides with Thai New Year. It is based on an astrological event within lunisolar calendar
  • Ugadi & Gudi Padwa — This is the New Year's Day for the Deccan people of India, who also use a lunisolar calendar


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