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Luo Ruiqing
May 31, 1906 – August 3, 1978
Luo Ruiqing (in Wade-Giles, Lo Jui-ch'ing) in the cover of Time Magazine in 1956

Nickname Luo the Tall
Place of birth Nanchong, Sichuan
Place of death West Germany, Bern
Allegiance  People's Republic of China
Service/branch People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Liberation Army
Years of service 1928-1966
Rank General of People's Liberation Army
Battles/wars Northern Expedition, Long March, Hundred Regiments Offensive, Chinese Civil War, Korean War
Awards Order of Independence, Hero of Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Other work Poltician, Writer

Luo Ruiqing (simplified Chinese: 罗瑞卿traditional Chinese: 羅瑞卿pinyin: Luó Ruìqīng; May 31, 1906 – August 3, 1978) was a general and politician of the People's Republic of China.

Biography

Luo Ruiqing was born in Nanchong, Sichuan in 1906. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1928. He was the eldest son of a wealthy landlord named Luo Chunting (罗春庭), who had a total of six kids. However, Luo Chunting was an opium addict and lost all of his wealth due to his addiction, and the entire family had to rely on Luo Ruiqing's mother, who did not leave behind a first name, but only her last name Xian (鲜). Due to the downfall of his family fortune, Luo Ruiqing did not receive any traditional Chinese primary education until he was 6, and then did not enter modern elementary school until the age of 14. At the edge of 17, he passed the entrance exam and entered County Middle School of Nanchong. Despite the decrease of family wealth, Luo's family was still able to afford the hefty sum of money needed for his education, and this fact was used by the Red Guards (China) to attack Luo during Cultural Revolution. It was only after Luo had entered the Advanced Sericulture Academy in Chengdu at the age of 20 when his family was completely gone, and as a result, he was forced to dropped out of school and became an apprentice at a silk store, but he never returned to school to complete his study. Luo's early life was willfully ignored in the official Chinese records until 1990s, because his petty bourgeoisie background does not fit the political environment until the end of 20th Century.

Luo was awarded as Da Jiang or General the Army, the highest rank of general in People's Liberation Army in 1955.

He was the Minister of Public Security from 1949 to 1959.

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External links

Government offices
Preceded by
none
Minister of Public Security
1949 – 1959
Succeeded by
Xie Fuzhi
Military offices
Preceded by
Huang Kecheng
Chief of PLA General Staff Department
1959–1965
Succeeded by
Yang Chengwu
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