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The Lusones were an ancient Celtiberian (Pre-Roman) people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania), who lived in the high Tajuña River valley, northeast of Guadalajara.

Contents

Origins

A mixed people, they included elements of early Italic (Oscan-Latin) and Gallic affiliation, the latter possibly related to the namesake Helvetic Lusones from present-day Switzerland. They spoke a variety of the Celtiberian language. They should not be confused with the Lusitanians, even if a relation between them both is plausible.

Location

The Lusones' lands were located in the Aragonese region along the middle Ebro, on the Moncayo range (Latin: Mons Chaunus) along the Queiles and Huecha rivers, occupying the western Zaragoza and most of Soria, stretching to the northeastern fringe of nearby Guadalajara and southern Navarra provinces. Their presumed capital was Turiaso or Turiasso (La Oruña, Vera de MoncayoZaragoza; Celtiberian mint: Turiazu); other key Lusones’ towns were Calagurris (CalahorraLa Rioja; Celtiberian mint: Kalacoricos), Bursau (BorjaZaragoza; Celtiberian mint: Burzao), Carabis or Caravis (Magallon; Celtiberian mint: Carauez). They were also involved in the foundations of both the ‘bandit town’ of Complega (site unknown; Celtiberian mint: Kemelon)[1] [2] and the Roman colony of Gracurris (Eras de San Martín, AlhamaLa Rioja) by Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus in 181 BC.

History

The Lusones joined their neighbours the Arevaci, Belli and Titii into the Celtiberian confederacy in the 3rd-2nd centuries BC and fought allongside their allies in the Celtiberian Wars against Rome, until the destruction of Numantia brought the collapse of the confederacy in 134-133 BC.

Namesake

Ethnological theories abound on the origin of Lusones, Lusitanians and the Lusatians, a West Slavic people of present-day eastern Germany are distantly related through similar tribal names and historic migrations of pre-Roman peoples of central Europe into Iberia. Also the Lusones and Lusitanians may have an ethnolinguistic link with the Italic peoples of the Italian peninsula, which is commonly believed given by the history of the Mediterranean region.

See also

Bibliography

  • Ángel Montenegro et alii, Historia de España 2 - colonizaciones y formación de los pueblos prerromanos (1200-218 a.C), Editorial Gredos, Madrid (1989) [ISBN 84-249-1386-8]
  • Francisco Burillo Mozota, Los Celtíberos, etnias y estados (Crítica, 1998).

Notes

  1. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliothekes Istorikes 29, 28
  2. ^ Appian, Iberiké 42

External links

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