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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the beetle genus, see Lyctus (beetle).

Lyctus or Lyttos (Greek: Λύκτος or Λύττος), was one of the most considerable cities in ancient Crete, which appears in the Homeric catalogue.[1]

Lyctus in mythology

According to Hesiod,[2] Rhea gave birth to Zeus in a cave of Mount Aegaeon, near Lyttos. The cave has been identified since the late nineteenth century as Psychro. The inhabitants of this ancient Doric city called themselves colonists of Sparta,[3] and the worship of Apollo appears to have prevailed there.[4]

History

In 344 BCE, Phalaecus the Phocian assisted the Cnossians against their neighbors the Lyctians, and took the city of Lyctus, from which he was driven out by Archidamus, king of Sparta. [5] The Lyctians, at a still later period, were engaged in frequent hostilities with Cnossus, and succeeded in creating a formidable party in the island against that city. The Cnossians, taking advantage of their absence on a distant expedition, surprised Lyctus, and utterly destroyed it. The citizens, on their return, abandoned it, and found refuge at Lampa. Polybius,[6] on this occasion, bears testimony to the high character of the Lyctians, as compared with their countrymen. They afterwards recovered their city by the aid of the Gortynians, who gave them a place called Diatonium, which they had taken from the Cnossians.[7] Lyctus was sacked by Metellus at the Roman conquest,[8] but was existing in the time of Strabo[9] at a distance of 80 stadia from the Libyan sea.[10] The site still bears the name of Lytto, where ancient remains are now found.[11] In the 16th century, the Venetian manuscripts[12] describe the walls of the ancient city, with circular bastions, and other fortifications, as existing upon a lofty mountain, nearly in the centre of the island. Numerous vestiges of ancient structures, tombs, and broken marbles, are seen, as well as an immense arch of an aqueduct, by which the water was carried across a deep valley by means of a large marble channel. The town of Arsinoe and the harbor of Chersonesos are assigned to Lyctus. The type on its coins is usually an eagle flying, with the epigraph "ΛΥΤΤΙΩΝ".[13]

References

  1. ^ The Iliad ii. 647, xvii. 611.
  2. ^ Theogony 477.
  3. ^ Aristotle Pol. ii. 7.
  4. ^ Callimachus Hymn to Apollo 33; comp. Müller, Dorians, vol. i. pp. 141, 227, trans.
  5. ^ Diodorus xvi. 62.
  6. ^ iv. 53, 54.
  7. ^ Polyb. xxiii. 15, xxiv. 53.
  8. ^ Livy Epit. xcix.; Florus iii. 7.
  9. ^ x. p. 479.
  10. ^ Strabo p. 476; comp. Stephanus of Byzantium s. v.; Scylax p. 18; Pliny iv. 12; Aesych. s. v. Καρνησσόπολις; Hierocles.
  11. ^ Robert Pashley, Trav. vol. i. p. 269.
  12. ^ Mus. Class. Ant. vol. ii. p. 274.
  13. ^ Eckhel, vol. ii. p.316; Töck, Kreta, vol. i. pp. 13, 408, vol. ii. pp. 431, 446, vol. iii. pp. 430, 465, 508.

Coordinates: 35°12′25″N 25°22′01″E / 35.207°N 25.367°E / 35.207; 25.367

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Cladus: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Bostrichiformia
Superfamilia: Bostrichoidea
Familia: Bostrichidae
Subfamilia: Lyctinae
Tribus: Lyctini
Genus: Lyctus
Species: L. africanus - L. asiaticus - L. brunneus - L. carbonarius - L. cavicollis - L. discedens - L. hipposideros - L. linearis - L. parallelocollis - L. pubescens - L. shestakovi - L. simplex - L. sinensis - L. suturalis - L. tomentosus - L. turkestanicus

Name

Lyctus Fabricius, 1792

Vernacular names

Русский: Древогрыз

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