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Lynchburg, Virginia
—  City  —

Seal
Nickname(s): The Hill City, City of Seven Hills
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 37°24′13″N 79°10′12″W / 37.40361°N 79.17°W / 37.40361; -79.17
Country United States
State Virginia
Government
 - Mayor Joan Foster
Area
 - City 49.8 sq mi (128.9 km2)
 - Land 49.4 sq mi (127.9 km2)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 72,596
 Density 1,321.5/sq mi (510.2/km2)
 Metro 245,809
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Code(s) 24501 24502 24503 24504 24505 24506
Area code(s) 434
FIPS code 51-47672[1]
GNIS feature ID 1479007[2]
Website http://www.lynchburgva.gov

Lynchburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The population was 72,596 at the 2008 U.S. census estimate. Located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains along the banks of the James River, Lynchburg is known as the "City of Seven Hills", "The Hill City" and sometimes described as "A City Unto Itself" mostly in reference to the city's historical avoidance of State and Federal entanglements.

The 2,122 square mile Metropolitan Statistical Area of Lynchburg is near the geographic center of Virginia and encompasses Amherst County, Appomattox County, Bedford County, Campbell County, City of Bedford, and the City of Lynchburg. It is the fifth largest MSA in Virginia with a population of 245,809. Other nearby cities include Roanoke, Charlottesville, and Danville. Lynchburg's sister cities are Rueil-Malmaison, France and Glauchau, Germany.

Lynchburg is the home of Central Virginia Community College, Liberty University, Lynchburg College, Randolph College, and Virginia University of Lynchburg. The Lynchburg MSA also includes Sweet Briar College.

The City of Lynchburg has a relatively good number of highly credited Elementary, Middle, and High Schools. The elementary schools include Heritage, W.M Bass, Linkhorne, Sandusky, Dearington, Paul Munro, Sheffield, T.C. Miller, R.S. Payne, and Perrymont. Lynchburg's middle schools include P.L. Dunbar, Sandusky, and Linkhorne. Lastly, Lynchburg has two very competitive high schools, Heritage High (HHS) and E.C. Glass (ECG).

Lynchburg is the regional center for commerce and retail. Industries within the Lynchburg MSA include nuclear technology, pharmaceuticals and material handling. A diversity of small businesses with the region has helped maintain a stable economy and minimized the downturns of the national economy.[3][4] Reaching as high as 1st place (tied) in 2007, Lynchburg has been within the Top 10 Digital Cities survey for its population since the survey's inception in 2004.

Contents

City government

The Lynchburg City Council consists of seven members:

  • Joan F. Foster - Mayor, At Large Representative
  • Bert Dodson, Jr. - Vice Mayor, At Large Representative
  • Michael A. Gillette, Ph.D. - Ward I Representative
  • J. Randolph Nelson - At Large Representative
  • Ceasor T. Johnson, M.RE., D.D. - Ward II Representative
  • Jeff S. Helgeson, MSFS - Ward III Representative
  • Turner Perrow, Jr. - Ward IV Representative

The City Manager, City Attorney, and the City Clerk are appointed by City Council. Other duties and responsibilities of City Council include:

  • (1) any and all additions and amendments to the Lynchburg City Code;
  • (2) creation of Council-appointed Boards and Commissions.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 65,269 people, 25,477 households, and 15,591 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,321.5 people per square mile (510.2/km²). There were 27,640 housing units at an average density of 559.6/sq mi (216.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.2% White, 28.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 25,477 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 15.5% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,234, and the median income for a family was $40,844. Males had a median income of $31,390 versus $22,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,263. About 12.3% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

Lynchburg ranks below the 2006 median annual household income for the U.S. as a whole, which was $48,200, according to the US Census Bureau.[1]

The city's population has been stable for 25+ years: in 2006, it was 67,720; in 2000, it was 65,269; in 1990, it was 66,049; in 1980, it was 66,743.[2][3]

Geography and climate

Lynchburg is located at 37°24′13″N 79°10′12″W / 37.40361°N 79.17°W / 37.40361; -79.17 (37.403672, -79.170205)[5].

Map

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.8 square miles (128.9 km²), of which, 49.4 square miles (127.9 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it (0.74%) is water.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 80 79 87 94 93 100 103 102 101 93 83 79
Norm High °F 37.5 40.6 54.6 68 75.5 82.5 86.4 85.1 78.3 68.4 58 48.4
Norm Low °F 24.5 26.9 34.4 42.6 51.2 59.5 63.7 62.4 55.9 43.7 35.2 27.9
Rec Low °F -10 -10 7 20 31 40 49 45 35 21 8 -4
Precip (in) 3.54 3.1 3.83 3.46 4.11 3.79 4.39 3.41 3.88 3.39 3.18 3.23
Source: USTravelWeather.com [4]

Adjacent counties

Business and industry

The Allied Arts Building in Downtown Lynchburg, completed in 1931

Lynchburg was founded on commerce and industry. It features a skilled labor force, low unemployment rate,[6] and below average cost of living. Of Virginia's larger metro areas, Forbes Magazine ranked Lynchburg the 5th best place in Virginia for business in 2006, with Virginia being the best state in the country for business[7]. It should be noted that only 6 places in Virginia were surveyed and most of Virginia’s cities were grouped together by Forbes as "Northern Virginia". Lynchburg achieved the rank 109 in the whole nation in the same survey.

The Lynchburg News & Advance reports that while more people are working than ever in greater Lynchburg, wages since 1990 have not kept up with inflation. Central Virginia Labor Council President Walter Fore believes this is due to lack of white-collar jobs. According to the Census Bureau, adjusted for inflation, 1990 median household income was about $39,000 compared to 2009 median household income of $42,740. Also as of 2009 Forbes has named Lynchburg as the 70th best metro area for business and careers, ahead of Chicago and behind Baton Rouge.The reason for the decent ranking was due to the low cost of living and low wages in Lynchburg. In other areas, the region didn’t come in as strong. It ranked at 189 for cultural and leisure and at 164 for educational attainment.[8]

Virginia Business Magazine reports that Young Professionals in Lynchburg recently conducted a study that clearly showed how much of its young workforce has been lost[9]. According to Lee Cobb, executive director of Region 2000 Economic Development Council, Lynchburg has a reputation for being a low priority choice of location for young folks just starting out.[10] This may be further evidenced by the below state average population with high school and college degrees [11] and nearly zero population growth over the past 30 years (see Demographics above). Both the Region 2000 Economic Development Council and The Young Professionals of Central Virginia are attempting to improve the reputation and increase opportunities for young professionals.

Statistics from the Lynchburg Regional Convention and Visitors Bureau indicate growth in the tourism industry in Lynchburg as the entire Region 2000 area has become more recognized as a destination for both leisure and group travel. The travel and tourism industry supports approximately 1500 jobs in Lynchburg, if Smith Mountain Lake and The Bedford Memorial are included. Tourism in the actual city of Lynchburg is not a major employer.

Areva, one of Lynchburg's largest employers, has reported that up to half of the employees at one of their Lynchburg facilities may lose their jobs. The nuclear vendor is moving its fuel production operation to a Washington State facility in the Spring of 2010.[12][13]

History

First settled in 1757, Lynchburg was named for its founder, John Lynch, who at the age of 17 started a ferry service at a ford across the James River to carry traffic to and from New London. He was also responsible for Lynchburg's first bridge across the river, which replaced the ferry in 1812. He and his mother are buried in the graveyard at the South River Friends Meetinghouse. The "City of Seven Hills" quickly developed along the hills surrounding Lynch's Ferry. Thomas Jefferson maintained a home near Lynchburg, called Poplar Forest. Jefferson frequented Lynchburg and remarked "Nothing would give me greater pleasure than to be useful to the town of Lynchburg. I consider it as the most interesting spot in the state."

Lynchburg was established by charter in 1786 at the site of Lynch's Ferry on the James River. These new easy means of transportation routed traffic through Lynchburg, and allowed it to become the new center of commerce for tobacco trading. In 1810, Jefferson wrote, "Lynchburg is perhaps the most rising place in the U.S.... It ranks now next to Richmond in importance..." Lynchburg became a center of commerce and manufacture in the 19th century, and by the 1850s, Lynchburg (along with New Bedford, Mass.) was one of the richest towns per capita in the U.S.[14] . Chief industries were tobacco, iron and steel. Transportation facilities included the James River Bateau on the James River, and later, the James River and Kanawha Canal and, still later, four railroads, including the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad and the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad.

Early on, Lynchburg was not known for its religiosity. In 1804, evangelist Lorenzo Dow wrote of Lynchburg "... where I spoke in the open air in what I conceived to be the seat of Satan's Kingdom. Lynchburg was a deadly place for the worship of God." This was in reference to the lack of churches in Lynchburg. As the wealth of Lynchburg grew, prostitution and other "rowdy" activities became quite common and, in many cases, ignored, if not accepted, by the "powers that be" of the time. Much of this activity took place in an area of downtown referred to as the "Buzzard's Roost[citation needed]."

During the American Civil War, Lynchburg, which served as a Confederate supply base, was approached within one mile by the Union forces of General David Hunter as he drove south from the Shenandoah Valley. Under the false impression that the Confederate forces stationed in Lynchburg were much larger than anticipated, Hunter was repelled by the forces of Confederate General Jubal Early on June 18, 1864, in the Battle of Lynchburg. To create the false impression, a train was continuously run up and down the tracks while the citizens of Lynchburg cheered as if reinforcements were unloading. Local prostitutes took part in the deception, misinforming their Union clients of the large number of Confederate reinforcements.

From April 6–10, 1865, Lynchburg served as the Capital of Virginia. Under Gov. William Smith, the executive and legislative branches of the commonwealth moved to Lynchburg for the few days between the fall of Richmond and the fall of the Confederacy.

In the latter 19th century, Lynchburg's economy evolved into manufacturing (sometimes referred to as the "Pittsburgh of the South") and, per capita, made the city one of the wealthiest in the United States. In 1880, Lynchburg resident James Albert Bonsack invented the first cigarette rolling machine, and shortly thereafter Dr. Charles Browne Fleet, a physician and pharmacological tinkerer, introduced the first mass marketed over-the-counter enema, which the company he founded still manufactures (along with other laxative and bowel cleansing products, as noted on the company's website [5]). Dr. Fleet also invented ChapStick as a lip balm in Lynchburg in the early 1880s. About this time, Lynchburg was also the preferred site for the Norfolk & Western junction with the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. However, the citizens of Lynchburg did not want the junction due to the noise and pollution it would create. Therefore, it was located in what would become the City of Roanoke.

In the late 1950s, a number of interested citizens requested the federal government to change its long-planned route for the interstate highway now known as I-64 between Clifton Forge and Richmond.[15] Since the 1940s, maps of the federal interstate highway system depicted that highway taking a northern route, with no interstate highway running through Lynchburg.[16] The state highway commission's minutes reflected its approval of the northern route.[17] Although the proponents of a southern route succeeded in persuading a majority of Virginia Highway Commissioners to support the change after a study, in July 1961 Governor Lindsay Almond and U.S. Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges announced that the route would not be changed.[18] This left Lynchburg as the only city with a population in excess of 50,000 (at the time) not served by an interstate.[19]

Lynchburg is sometimes referred to as "A City Unto Itself", in part due to geographic and cultural isolation, but mostly in reference to the city's historical avoidance of State and Federal entanglements. The phrase was the title of a history book by columnist Darrell Laurant.

1919 panorama

For several decades throughout the mid-20th century, the state of Virginia authorized compulsory sterilization of the mentally retarded for the purpose of eugenics. The operations were carried out at the Virginia State Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded, now known as the Central Virginia Training School, located just outside Lynchburg. An estimated 8,300 Virginians were sterilized and relocated to Lynchburg, known as a "dumping ground" of sorts for the feeble-minded, poor, blind, epilectic, and those otherwise seen as genetically "unfit".[20]

Sterilizations were carried out for 35 years until 1972, when operations were finally halted. Later in the late 1970s, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a class-action lawsuit against the state of Virginia on behalf of the sterilization victims. As a result of this suit, the victims received formal apologies and counseling if they chose. Requests to grant the victims reverse sterilization operations were denied.

Carrie Buck, the plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court case Buck v. Bell, was sterilized after being classified as "feeble-minded", as part of the state's eugenics program while she was a patient at Virginia State Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded in Lynchburg.

The story of Carrie Buck's sterilization and the court case was made into a television drama in 1994, Against Her Will: The Carrie Buck Story. "Virginia State Epileptic Colony," a song by the Manic Street Preachers on their 2009 album 'Journal For Plague Lovers,' addresses the state's program of eugenics.

Over 40 sites in Lynchburg are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[21]

Education

The city is served by the Lynchburg City Public Schools. The school board is appointed by the Lynchburg City Council.

  • E C Glass High School - 2111 Memorial Ave
  • Heritage High School - 3020 Wards Ferry Rd
    • Linkhorne Middle School - 2525 Linkhorne Dr
    • Paul Laurence Dunbar Middle School - 1208 Polk St
    • Sandusky Middle School - 805 Chinook Place
      • William Marvin Bass Elementary School
      • Bedford Hills Elementary School
      • Dearington Elementary School for Innovation
      • Heritage Elementary School
      • Linkhorne Elementary School
      • Paul M. Munro Elementary School
      • Perrymont Elementary School
      • Robert S. Payne Elementary School
      • Sandusky Elementary School
      • Sheffield Elementary School
      • Thomas C. Miller Elementary School

The city is also home to a number of mostly religious private schools, including Holy Cross Regional Catholic School, James River Day School, Timberlake Christian School, Liberty University, New Covenant Classical Christian School,and Virginia Episcopal School.

Lynchburg is also home to the Central Virginia Governor's School for Science and Technology located in Heritage High School. This magnet school consists of juniors and seniors selected from each of the Lynchburg area high schools. As one of eighteen Governor's Schools in Virginia, the Central Virginia Governor's School focuses on infusing technology into both the math and science curriculum.

Further education options include a number of surrounding county public school systems.

Colleges and universities in Lynchburg include Central Virginia Community College, Liberty University, Lynchburg College, Randolph College, and Virginia University of Lynchburg.

Health Care

Centra Health manages four hospitals in the Lynchburg Area:

  • Lynchburg General Hospital-Lynchburg, VA
  • Virginia Baptist Hospital-Lynchburg, VA
  • Bedford Memorial Hospital-Bedford, VA (has joint partnership with Carilion Health System in Roanoke)
  • Southside Community Hospital-Farmville, VA

Along with four hospitals, Centra Health manages numerous treatment, rehabilitation, mammography, and medical facilities across Central Virginia.

Transportation

Local Transit

The Greater Lynchburg Transit Company (GLTC) operates the local public transport bus service within the city. The GLTC additionally provides the shuttle bus service on the Liberty University campus.

The GLTC has selected a property directly across from Lynchburg-Kemper Street Station as its top choice of sites upon which to build the new transfer center for their network of public buses. They are interested in facilitating intermodal connections between GLTC buses and the intercity bus and rail services which operate from that location. The project is awaiting final government approval and funding, and is expected to be completed around 2013[22].

Intercity Transit

Intercity passenger rail and bus services are based out of Kemper Street Station, a historic, three-story train station recently restored and converted by the city of Lynchburg to serve as an intermodal hub for the community. The station is located at 825 Kemper Street[23].

Bus

Greyhound Lines located their bus terminal in the main floor of Kemper Street Station following its 2002 restoration[23]. Greyhound offers transport to other cities throughout Virginia, the US, Canada, and Mexico.

Outside Amtrak's lobby at Kemper Street Station

Rail

Amtrak's Crescent and Northeast Regional trains connect Lynchburg with the cities of New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans. Lynchburg became the new southern terminus for the Northeast Regional in October 2009. Amtrak's passenger terminal in Lynchburg is located in the track level ground floor of Kemper Street Station[24].

Lynchburg will be a primary hub of the TransDominion Express. TransDominion Express, or TDX, would link areas like Bristol and Roanoke in the west of the state with areas in the east like Richmond, as well as Charlottesville and Washington, D.C. to the north [25]. The plan is currently under study.

It should also be noted that Lynchburg has two major freight railroads. CSX Transportation has a line and a small yard in the city. Lynchburg is also a crossroad of two Norfolk Southern lines. One being the former mainline of Southern Railway, upon which Kemper Street Station is situated. NS has a classification yard located next to the shopping mall. Various yard jobs can be seen. Railfans who wish to visit the NS Lynchburg yard are advised to inquire with an NS official.

Air

Lynchburg Regional Airport provides service by US Airways Express to Charlotte and Delta Connection to Atlanta. In recent months air travel has increased with 7,400 passengers flying in and out of the airport in April 2009. An increase of 97%. With this jump in passengers, flights have been added and the possibility of more carriers and destinations has become more likely.

Highway

Primary roadways include U.S. Route 29, U.S. Route 501, U.S. Route 221, running north-south, and U.S. Highway 460, running east-west. While not served by an interstate, much of Route 29 has been upgraded to interstate standards and significant improvements have been made to Highway 460.

Arts and culture

In a Forbes Magazine survey, Lynchburg ranked very poorly when it comes to culture. It ranked at 189 for cultural and leisure out of 200 cities surveyed.[8]

  • Academy of Fine Arts: A nonprofit organization committed to promoting and presenting the visual and performing arts, while creating opportunities for arts education. Located in the old Academy theatre (circa 1905)
  • Batteau Festival: Celebrates the era when Lynchburg, Virginia was the center of the trade route between East and West. Flat-bottom boats called Batteaux filled the James River transporting tobacco and other goods to Richmond and bringing prosperity to the region.
  • Dance Theatre of Lynchburg: Offers a full schedule of classes, a season of performances, and special events throughout the year.
  • E.C. Glass High School Theatre: Offers productions from September through May each year.
  • The Ellington Fellowship Playhouse: Hosts local, regional and national music acts on a regular basis.
  • Jefferson Choral Society: The 100-plus voices that comprise the Jefferson Choral Society represent 15 different communities in and around Central Virginia.
  • Kaleidoscope: An annual festival that offers exceptional recreational, cultural, educational, and entertainment opportunities that appeal to a broad spectrum of the community.
  • Liberty University Theatre: Offers productions from October through May each year.
  • Little Town Players: Offers productions throughout the year. Their theatre is located on the grounds of the Elks National Home in Bedford.
  • Lynchburg College Theatre: Offers productions from October through April each year.
  • Lynchburg Symphony Orchestra
  • Lynchburg Youth Orchestra: A full orchestra composed of high school students and a few talented middle school students.
  • Opera on the James: Brings world class opera to central Virginia with two mainstage operas and numerous outreach and education performances and events yearly.
  • The Maier Museum of Art: Randolph College's nationally recognized museum features works by outstanding American artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • Randolph College Theatre
  • Renaissance Theatre: Offers an open space, excellent acoustics, and an inviting atmosphere to enjoy the best of local theatre.
  • Riverviews Artspace: A private, nonprofit art organization with galleries, public programs, open artist studios, classrooms, and shared performance studio.
  • Sedalia Center's Chili Cook-Off: 40-50 chili-cooking teams compete for Best Chili (1st, 2nd, and 3rd place), Best Presentation, and Popular Choice. Taste them all and cast your vote! Live music, beer and other beverages available.
  • Virginia Christmas Spectacular
  • Virginia School of the Arts: Founded in 1985, the Virginia School of the Arts has developed an international reputation for excellence by providing an outstanding pre-professional arts training program for students of high school age.
  • Virginia Wine and Garlic Festival: An annual fall event featuring the state's wines, food from over 20 participating restaurants, and crafts from local artisans.

Architecture

Lynchburg has some interesting architecture. Through the 1800s and into the 1920s, the city had a rich tobacco industry. A number of citizens commissioned fine houses, public buildings, and churches for themselves during that time.

Lynchburg boasts examples of Italian Renaissance, Federal, Georgian, Neo-Classical, Neo-Gothic, Romanesque, Jeffersonian, Queen Anne, Second Empire, Colonial, and Art Deco styles.[citation needed] Many of the old neighborhoods fell into disrepair since the Depression, and many houses and buildings have sat empty over the years. Many of the larger houses in neighborhoods like Diamond Hill and Rivermont were converted into duplexes. However, now Lynchburg is experiencing some restoration work.[citation needed] A number of sites and neighborhoods are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Attractions and entertainment

The following attractions are located within the Lynchburg MSA:

  • Poplar Forest: Thomas Jefferson's retreat home. Jefferson designed the octagonal house during his second term as president and sojourned here in his retirement to find rest and leisure and escape public life. Ongoing restoration and archaeology.
  • Cattle Annie's Restaurant & Entertainment: A 1000+ capacity, multi-function venue providing a variety of entertainment and other events. Established in 1993, Cattle Annie's is perhaps best-known for hosting nationally recognized artists on a frequent basis. Local, regional and nationally touring rock, pop and country artists perform regularly as well. The facility hosts numerous community and private events and has a full-service restaurant and banquet services.
  • Amazement Square: Central Virginia’s first multidisciplinary, hands-on children's museum.
  • Fort Early: Named after General Jubal Anderson Early, whose Confederate troops defended the city against invasion by Union General David Hunter.
  • Lynchburg Museum: Through the doors of the Lynchburg Museum one can relive the city's past, rich with tales of Monacan tribes, early Quaker settlers, the reign of King Tobacco, the bloody struggle of the Civil War, the New South, and the drama of change in the 20th century.
  • Old City Cemetery Museums & Arboretum: The most visited historic site in the City of Lynchburg. Established in 1806, the Old City Cemetery is Lynchburg's only public burial ground and one of its oldest cemeteries.[26]
  • The Old Court House: The Hill City's most famous historic landmark built in 1855. Fashioned as a Greek temple high above the James River, it is now the home of Central Virginia's best collection of memorabilia, fine furnishings, costumes and industrial history.
  • Point of Honor: The Federal-era mansion of Dr. George Cabell, Sr., friend and physician of the patriot Patrick Henry.
  • Miller-Claytor House: Pre-19th century townhouse where Thomas Jefferson allegedly proved to the owner of the house's garden that tomatoes were not poisonous by eating one of the fruit. Home was dismantled in 1936 and rebuilt at its Riverside Park location, where the garden was also restored.
  • Peaks of Otter: Three mountain peaks in the Blue Ridge Mountains, overlooking the town of Bedford, Virginia and in prominent view throughout most of Lynchburg.
  • Crabtree Falls: The falls trails lead hikers along a rigorous five-mile loop which offers stunning views of the five cascades of Crabtree Falls. The vertical drop totals over 1,500 feet!
  • Appomattox Courthouse: The site of the Battle of Appomattox Court House, where the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant took place on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War.
  • National D-Day Memorial: Located in Bedford, Virginia, it commemorates all those who served the United States during the D-Day Invasion of Normandy, France on June 6, 1944 during World War II.
  • The Blue Ridge Parkway: Americas most popular scenic drive is a short 30 minute drive from Lynchburg.
  • James River Heritage Trail: Composed of two smaller trails, the Blackwater Creek Bikeway and RiverWalk.
  • Lynchburg Music Scene: There is a flourishing music community in Lynchburg with nightly events and dozens of local musicians.
  • For more information on Lynchburg attractions and tourism see the Lynchburg Convention and Visitor Bureaus' website at http://www.discoverlynchburg.org/

Sports and recreation

Lynchburg claims to be the "Sports Capital of Virginia"[citation needed] and as such, is home to numerous sporting events and organizations including:

Lynchburg YMCA Swimming- Local swim club registered with YMCA swimming and Virginia swimming. This club was recently given the honor of a Bronze USA Swimming club for 2008. The club is one of the Top 200 in the nation, according to USA Swimming

Neighborhoods

The first neighborhoods of Lynchburg developed upon seven hills adjacent to the original ferry landing. These neighborhoods include:

Other major neighborhoods include Boonsboro, Rivermont, Fairview Heights, Fort Hill, Forest Hill (Old Forest Rd. Area), Timberlake, Windsor Hills, Sandusky, Linkhorne, and Wyndhurst.

Notable residents

Notable residents of Lynchburg include:

Media

Print

  • The News & Advance, Lynchburg's daily newspaper that serves the Central Virginia region and is owned by Media General.
  • The Shepherd's Guide, business directory
  • Lynchburg Ledger, weekly newspaper
  • Lynchburg Living, bi-monthly periodical
  • The Lynchburg Guide, quarterly resource directory
  • The Burg, weekly entertainment newspaper published by the The News & Advance
  • Lynch's Ferry, a biannual journal of local history

Television

  • WSET, ABC affiliate based in Lynchburg
  • WSLS, NBC affiliate based in Roanoke
  • WDBJ, CBS affiliate based in Roanoke
  • WBRA, PBS affiliate based in Roanoke
  • WFXR, Fox affiliate based in Roanoke
  • WWCW, Fox affiliate based in Lynchburg, which was previously WJPR
  • WPXR, ION affiliate based in Roanoke
  • WDRL, an Independent Station (formerly UPN) based in Roanoke, though licensed to Danville
  • W40BM, TBN affiliate based in Lynchburg
  • WTLU-CA, Liberty University channel based in Lynchburg

Radio

  • WJJX 102.7, Urban Contemporary based in Lynchburg
  • WLNI(WLNI) 105.9, Talk Radio based in Lynchburg
  • WLEQ 106.9, BOB-FM, Good Times,Great Oldies,Home of Rock'n'Roll's Great Hits,Lynchburg
  • WNRN (WNRS 89.9), Modern Rock based in Charlottesville
  • WROV 96.3, Rock based in Roanoke
  • WRMV 94.5, Southern Gospel based in Madison Heights
  • WRVL 88.3, Christian Radio based in Lynchburg
  • WRXT 90.3, Contemporary Christian Radio based in Roanoke
  • W227BG 93.3 ESPN Sports translator of 106.3 Gretna-Translator at Timberlake-Low power
  • WSLC 94.9, Country based in Roanoke
  • WSLQ 99.1, Adult Contemporary based in Roanoke
  • WSNZ 102.7, Adult Contemporary based in Roanoke
  • WVBE 100.1, Urban Contemporary based in Lynchburg
  • WVTF 89.1, Public Radio based in Blacksburg
  • WWMC 90.9, Christian CHR/Rock radio based at Liberty University
  • WWZW 96.7, Hot AC based in Buena Vista
  • WXLK 92.3, Top-40 Radio based in Roanoke
  • WYYD 107.9, Country based in Lynchburg
  • WZZI/WZZU 101.5,Roanoke/ 97.9,Lynchburg,Classic/Modern Rock based in Lynchburg
  • WAMV 1420, Southern Gospel based in Madison Heights
  • WBRG 1050, Talk/ Sports based in Lynchburg also simulcast on 104.5
  • WKPA 1390, Religious based in Lynchburg
  • WLLL 930, Gospel Music based in Lynchburg
  • WLVA 590, Religious based in Lynchburg
  • WVGM 1320, ESPN Sports based in Lynchburg
  • WKDE 105.5, Country based in Altavista
  • WKDE 1000 AM, CNN Headline News based in Altavista

Online

  • Browse Lynchburg, The most comprehensive local business directory and local guide in the area.Browse Lynchburg

List of major local businesses

Lynchburg in popular culture

  • In the movie Escape From L.A., the capital city of a "more theocratic" United States has been moved to Lynchburg. Lynchburg is also the hometown of the movie's president.
  • In reference to Lynchburg's historical avoidance of State and Federal entanglements, the phrase "Send it to the Governor" can be found in some public bathrooms. Lynchburg is upstream of Richmond on the James River.
  • Lynchburg is identified on-screen as the scene of destructive shootout in 2007 film Shooter, starring Mark Wahlberg.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ City Quietly Growing ABC 13 - WSET-TV in Lynchburg, Virginia
  4. ^ Bureau of Economic Analysis
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics(http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?la+51)
  7. ^ Forbes Magazine, Best Paces for Business
  8. ^ a b Lynchburg News & Advance
  9. ^ Virginia Business Magazine
  10. ^ Youth Movement, Richmond Federal Reserve
  11. ^ US Census Bureau
  12. ^ http://www2.newsadvance.com/lna/business/local/article/areva_move_to_affect_150_jobs_in_lynchburg/19908/#
  13. ^ http://www.wdbj7.com/Global/story.asp?S=11225351#
  14. ^ Clifton Potter and Dorothy Potter, Lynchburg: A City Set on Seven Hills (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2004), 39
  15. ^ "Additional Interstate Road Systems Approved," Petersburg-Colonial Heights Progress-Index, 1958-04-27 at 20.
  16. ^ Routes of the Recommended Interregional Highway System, ca. 1943.
  17. ^ Minutes of the Meeting of the State Highway Commission of Virginia, Held in Richmond September 11, 1945, page 12.
  18. ^ "Opposition to Northern Route Dropped," Danville Bee, 1961-07-06 at 3
  19. ^ Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 13, 1999. ProQuest Archiver
  20. ^ "A Simple Act of Mothering", Poor Magazine/PNN
  21. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://www.nr.nps.gov/. 
  22. ^ Petska, Alicia. (February 3, 2010). "GLTC favors Kemper Street site for transfer station", The News and Advance. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
  23. ^ a b "Lynchburg,VA (LYH)". Great American Stations. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
  24. ^ "Northeast, Mid-Atlantic and Virginia Service Timetable", January 18, 2010. Amtrak. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
  25. ^ "Route Map". TransDominion Express. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
  26. ^ Lynchburg Chamber of Commerce; http://www.gravegarden.org/lbg.htm
  27. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links

Coordinates: 37°24′13″N 79°10′13″W / 37.403672°N 79.170205°W / 37.403672; -79.170205


Simple English

Lynchburg, Virginia
—  City  —
The Allied Arts Building in downtown Lynchburg, completed in 1931.
Coordinates: 37°24′13″N 79°10′12″W / 37.40361°N 79.17°W / 37.40361; -79.17
Country United States
State Virginia
Government
 - Mayor Joan Foster
Area
 - City 49.8 sq mi (128.9 km2)
 - Land 49.4 sq mi (127.9 km2)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2007)
 - City 71,282
 Density 1,321.5/sq mi (510.2/km2)
 Metro 239,510
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 434
FIPS code 51-47672[1]
GNIS feature ID 1479007[2]
Website http://www.lynchburgva.gov

Lynchburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The population was 71,282 at the 2007 census. Located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains along the banks of the James River, Lynchburg is known as the "City of Seven Hills", "The Hill City" and sometimes described as "A City Unto Itself" mostly in reference to the city's historical avoidance of State and Federal entanglements.

References








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