Lyndhurst, New Jersey: Wikis

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Township of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°48′27″N 74°7′13″W / 40.8075°N 74.12028°W / 40.8075; -74.12028Coordinates: 40°48′27″N 74°7′13″W / 40.8075°N 74.12028°W / 40.8075; -74.12028
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated May 15, 1917
Government
 - Type Walsh Act
 - Mayor Richard DiLascio (D, 2009)
Area
 - Total 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
 - Land 4.7 sq mi (12.0 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation [1] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2008)[2]
 - Total 19,295
 - Density 4,169.7/sq mi (1,609.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07071
Area code(s) 201, 551
FIPS code 34-42090[3][4]
GNIS feature ID 0882225[5]
Website http://www.lyndhurstnj.org

Lyndhurst is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 19,383.

Lyndhurst was originally formed as Union Township on February 19, 1852 from portions of Harrison Township. On May 15, 1917, the area was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Lyndhurst, based on the results of a referendum held one week earlier.[6]

Contents

Geography

Lyndhurst is located at 40°48′27″N 74°07′13″W / 40.807600°N 74.120393°W / 40.807600; -74.120393 (40.807600, -74.120393).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 4.9 square miles (12.7 km2), of which, 4.7 square miles (12.0 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km2) of it (5.30%) is water.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 1,590
1910 4,076 156.4%
1920 9,515 133.4%
1930 17,362 82.5%
1940 17,454 0.5%
1950 19,980 14.5%
1960 21,867 9.4%
1970 22,729 3.9%
1980 20,326 −10.6%
1990 18,262 −10.2%
2000 19,383 6.1%
Est. 2008 19,295 [2] −0.5%
Population 1900 - 1990[8] [9]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 19,383 people, 7,877 households, and 5,206 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,169.7 people per square mile (1,609.4/km2). There were 8,103 housing units at an average density of 1,743.1/sq mi (672.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.94% White, 9.0% Hispanic or Latino, 5.40% Asian, 0.61% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from two or more races, and 2.05% from other races.

As of the 2000 census, 33.8% of township residents were of Italian ancestry, the 19th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and eighth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[10]

There were 7,877 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the township the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Lyndhurst has the highest proportion of single females ages 18–25.

The median income for a household in the township was $53,375, and the median income for a family was $63,758. Males had a median income of $42,359 versus $35,429 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,940. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

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Local government

The Township of Lyndhurst has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government since 1913.[11] Members of the Township Committee are:[12][13]

On Election Day, November 7, 2006, one seat came up for election on the Township Committee to fill an unexpired term in office. Independent incumbent Joseph Abruscato (1,191 votes), who had been filling the seat, ran unopposed and was elected to serve the balance of the term.[14][15] On October 24, 2007, the entire council switched party affiliation from Republican to Democrat.[16]

Lyndhurst is in the Ninth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 36th Legislative District.[17]

Politics

As of April 1, 2006, out of a 2004 Census estimated population of 19,540 in Lyndhurst, there were 11,292 registered voters (57.8% of the population, vs. 55.4% in all of Bergen County). Of registered voters, 2,076 (18.4% vs. 20.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,280 (20.2% vs. 19.2% countywide) were registered as Republicans and 6,933 (61.4% vs. 60.1% countywide) were registered as Undeclared. There were three voters registered to other parties.[18]

On the national level, Lyndhurst is almost evenly split. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50% of the vote here, narrowly edging Democrat John Kerry, who received around 49%.[19] In 2007 the entire town council switched parties from the Republicans to the Democrats. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 49.6% of the vote, surpassing Democrat Barack Obama who received 48.6%.[20]

Education

The Lyndhurst School District serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade, with an enrollment of approximately 2,100 students. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[21]) are six elementary schools (K-8, except as noted) — Columbus School (K-5; 115 students), Franklin School (228), Jefferson School (258), Lincoln School (250), Roosevelt School (422) and Washington School (PreK-8; 307) — and Lyndhurst High School for grades 9-12 (643).

Sacred Heart School is a Catholic elementary school serving grades K-8.

Emergency Services

Police

The Lyndhurst Police Department (LPD) provides emergency and protective services to the township of Lyndhurst. The LPD was established on January 1, 1907. The department is currently led by Chief James B. O'Connor.

The LPD has lost four officers in the line of duty; which is higher than any other town in Bergen County.[22]

Fire

The Lyndhurst Fire Department (LFD) is an all-volunteer fire department. The LFD was organized in February 1886. The department is staffed by 70 fully-trained firefighters.[23]

Ambulance

Lyndhurst has both a volunteer Ambulance Squad known as the Lyndhurst Police Emergency Squad (LPES) and a full-time EMT service.

Transportation

Public transportation

There are two train stations in Lyndhurst. Lyndhurst Station and Kingsland Station are both served by New Jersey Transit's Main Line, with service to Hoboken Terminal, New York Penn Station via the connecting service at Secaucus Junction, and Midtown Manhattan and the World Trade Center Station via PATH.

New Jersey Transit bus routes 76, 191, 192, 193, and 195[24] and Decamp Bus Lines routes 32, 44 and 99 [25] serve Lyndhurst.

Roads

Route 17, County Route 507, and the western spur of the New Jersey Turnpike pass through Lyndhurst. Route 3 is at the northern border of Lyndhurst. Also Route 21 on the other side.

Commerce

Lyndhurst was historically a producer of machinery and metal products. Sika Construction is headquartered in the Lyndhurst Meadowlands and produces specialty construction chemicals and products, especially for the concrete indurstry.

Lyndhurst is also home to several locally owned and operated businesses such as Mazur's Bakery and the Lyndhurst Pastry Shop, which produces regionally acclaimed Italian cakes and pastries,homemade Italian Ice during the spring, summer and fall, other renowned businesses as well as Jo-Jo's Pizza and Italian kitchen, Bruno's Pizzaria and Chris's Pizza. The main business sections are Valley Brook Avenue, Ridge Road and Stuyvesant Avenue. Lyndhurst has many neighbrhood deli's, eateries, restaurants and stores which allow residents the ability to walk, rather than drive. Some of these noted deli's are Appetizio's on Ridge Road and Michael's Salumeria on Valley Brook Avenue.

Because portions of the township are located in the New Jersey Meadowlands, a number of radio stations have their transmitters and towers located in Lyndhurst. These include AM stations WOR and WINS, as well as Amateur Radio and HD TV station W2INS.

Lyndhurst Meadowlands is also home to one of nine Medieval Times dinner theaters.

A number of upscale apartment complexes have been constructed in recent years, such as Avalon Lyndhurst, developed by AvalonBay Communities, Inc.

Lyndhurst, together with North Arlington and Rutherford was the site of the EnCap project, an effort to remediate landfills on the 785-acre (3.18 km2) site and construct homes and golf courses on top of the cleaned up site. On May 27, 2008, the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission terminated its agreement with EnCap Golf Holdings, the company that had the contract to redevelop the site, after the company had missed targets to cleanup the landfills as part of the project.[26]

Kingsland explosion

On January 11, 1917, a fire started in Building 30 of the Canadian Car and Foundry Company in what is now Lyndhurst. In four hours, probably 500,000, three-inch (76 mm) -high explosive shells were discharged. The entire plant was destroyed. It was said to have been a spectacle more magnificent than the explosion at Black Tom in Jersey City, New Jersey.

A heroine emerged the day of the Kingsland Explosion. Tessie McNamara, who operated the company switchboard, was credited with 1,400 lives. As the fire raged on, Tessie stayed at the switchboard that Thursday afternoon. She plugged in each of the buildings and shouted the warning, "Get out or go up!" Thanks to her dedication, no one was killed in the fire.

The Lyndhurst Historical Society has created a vest pocket park dedicated to her memory. The park is located on Clay Avenue, between Valley Brook Avenue and Wall Street West. The brick stack can be seen from this park.

Sports and recreation

Town Mascot & Names: Lyndhurst Golden Bears/Lyndhurst Post 139/Lyndhurst Cubs/Lyndhurst Bulldogs

Lyndhurst Baseball

American Legion, Cricket, Lyndhurst Florist, Hild Landscaping, and Stellatos make up the Lyndhurst-American Little League Baseball club. Amvets Post 20, Bergen County Glass, Century 21, Elks Club, I.A.C.L, and Savinos make up the Lyndhurst-National Little League Baseball club.[27]

On July 14, 2006, the Lyndhurst-American Little League baseball team ended their 17 year drought to become district champs. Throughout the nine district play-off games, Lyndhurst-American hit 14 home runs and eventually emerged as sectional finalists; 2 wins away from appearing on national television.[28] Players and organizers from the 2006 Lyndhurst little league season are the igniters in the recent emergence and success of Lyndhurst baseball.

Lyndhurst Golden Bears became Group 1 state champions in 2008; Coach [Butch] Servideo was honored as Coach of the Year (All Bergen Baseball Team) for leading Lyndhurst Golden Bears to its first state title since 1984.[29] That same year Lyndhurst Post 139 had also became state champions. In the 2009 season, the Lyndhurst bears had a great follow up season with a 23-7 record.[30] Following the High School Team's success in the 2009 season, the Junior and Senior Lyndhurst Post 139 Legion teams are competing in the playoffs.

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer has approximately 600 players from age 5 to age 13 and several travel teams.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Lyndhurst include:

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Township of Lyndhurst, Geographic Names Information System, accessed September 23, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Census data for Lyndhurst, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 27, 2009.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 80.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  9. ^ [1], Bergen County Census Data. Accessed December 23, 2007.
  10. ^ Italian Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 9, 2007.
  11. ^ The Commission Form of Municipal Government, p. 53. Accessed August 11, 2007.
  12. ^ Lyndhurst elected Officials, Township of Lyndhurst. Accessed July 31, 2006.
  13. ^ "County of Bergen: 2008 County and Municipal Directory", Bergen County, New Jersey, p. 50. Accessed July 5, 2008.
  14. ^ "Election 2006: Municipal Results", The Record (Bergen County), November 8, 2006.
  15. ^ Bergen County 2006 General Election Results. Bergen County. Accessed February 1, 2007.
  16. ^ Lyndhurst GOP, nearly all of them, switching parties | Politicker NJ
  17. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 60. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  18. ^ "County of Bergen: Voter Statistics by Municipality, Ward & District," dated April 1, 2006.
  19. ^ 2004 Presidential Election results: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety, Division of Elections, dated December 13, 2004.
  20. ^ "Presidential General Election Results: Bergen County". http://www.njelections.org/2008results/08generalelection/results-by-municipality/08-gen-elect-presidential-results-bergen.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-25.  
  21. ^ Data for the Lyndhurst School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 7, 2008.
  22. ^ Lyndhurst Police Accessed January 9, 2009.
  23. ^ Lyndhurst Fire Department Accessed January 9, 2009
  24. ^ Routes by County: Bergen County, New Jersey Transit. Accessed August 8, 2008.
  25. ^ Decamp Bus Schedules Accessed January 9, 2008
  26. ^ Belson, Ken. "Meadowlands Commission Cuts Ties With Developer", The New York Times, May 8, 2008. Accessed May 25, 2008.
  27. ^ Lyndhurst Little League Official Website, accessed February 5, 2005.
  28. ^ Lyndhurst-American wins title: Leader Newspaper, accessed July 19, 2006.
  29. ^ "Lyndhurst wins Group 1 championship", NJ.COM, accessed June 12, 2008.
  30. ^ Captain Courageous, accessed July 17, 2000.
  31. ^ The Union City Reporter; January 20, 2008; Page 13.
  32. ^ [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/517888492.html? dids=517888492:517888492&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Jan+26%2C+1957&author=&pub=Chicago+Daily+Tribune&desc=Shining+Stars&pqatl=google "Shining Stars"], Chicago Daily Tribune, January 26, 1957. Accessed August 1, 2007. "LOU MONTE began playing the ukelele and singing at the age of seven when he lived with his five brothers and sisters and his Itallian [sic] born parents in Lyndhurst, N. J."
  33. ^ http://www.bnrmetal.com/v2/search.php?name=evoken

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