Lyngen: Wikis

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Lyngen kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Troms within
Norway
Lyngen within Troms
Coordinates (city): 69°41′25″N 20°4′54″E / 69.69028°N 20.08167°E / 69.69028; 20.08167Coordinates: 69°41′25″N 20°4′54″E / 69.69028°N 20.08167°E / 69.69028; 20.08167
Country Norway
County Troms
District Nord-Troms
Municipality ID NO-1938
Administrative centre Lyngseidet
Government
 - Mayor (2003) Werner Kiil (Ap)
Area (Nr. 134 in Norway)
 - Total 812 km2 (313.5 sq mi)
 - Land 796 km2 (307.3 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 - Total 3,167
 - Density 4/km2 (10.4/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) -9.5 %
 - Rank in Norway 262
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Neutral
Norwegian demonym Lyngsfjerding[1]
Website www.lyngen.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Lyngen (Northern Sami: Ivggu suohkan or Ivgu; Kven: Yykeän komuuni) is a municipality (and a fjord) in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Lyngseidet.

Lyngen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Three other municipalities were later separated from it: Ullsfjord (in 1902) and Kåfjord and Storfjord (both in 1930). The northern part of the Lyngen peninsula was transferred from the municipality of Karlsøy to Lyngen on 1 January 1964.

Contents

General information

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Name

The municipality is named after the Lyngen fjord (Old Norse: Lygnir). The name of the fjord is derived from the word logn which means "quiet, still, or calm".

Lyngseidet as it looked around 1890

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). The arms show a black horse of the local breed (Lyngshest) on a silver background. The silver color symbolizes the sea and fishing industry and the horse represents the local agriculture.[2]

History

The Lyngen church was built at Karnes in 1731, and was moved to its present location at Lyngseidet in 1740. In 1775 the church was rebuilt in its current cross shape, with the material from the old church used for a boathouse in Oldervik. Finally in 1840–1845, the church was renovated with a new tower, galleries, windows and panelling.[3]

Other interesting buildings include the large wooden school in Solhov, which was built in 1924 to strengthen the Norwegian influence in this area which was largely populated by the Sami and Kven people.

During the Cold war the Norwegian Army planned to abandon Finnmark and halt the Soviets along the E6 highway at the choke point between the Lyngen fjord and the mountains. However, there were always great worries that the Soviets would also advance through Finland and the very sparsely defended extreme north of Sweden (north of Kiruna, south of Treriksröset) and attack the Lyngen position from the rear via Signaldalen.

Geography

Map of Lyngen

The municipality is situated on the Lyngen peninsula, with the Lyngen (fjord) to the east and Ullsfjord to the west. The municipal centre is Lyngseidet, a pretty settlement on an isthmus that almost cuts the peninsula in the middle. Other villages include Furuflaten, which has various industries, and Svensby. Nord-Lenangen faces the open sea, and is largely a fishing village. The municipality has its own shipping company, operating the car ferries west to Breivikeidet in Tromsø and east to Olderdalen in Kåfjord meeting European route E6. There is also a road going south along the shore of the fjord connecting to the main E6 road, giving ferry-free access to the main road network.

The Lyngen peninsula is a very scenic and mountainous area, known as the Lyngen Alps, with the highest peaks in Troms county. The highest peak is Jiehkkevárri, reaching 1,833 metres (6,014 ft). Another prominent mountain is Store Lenangstind. The Lyngen Alps are presently being discovered by off-piste skiers from around the world.

Climate

Winters in Lyngen are long and snow-rich, but not very cold considering the very northerly latitude. Average 24-hr temperatures are below freezing from November to early April, with a January average of −4.5 °C (24 °F). May is cool, with an average of 5.5 °C (42 °F); summer temperatures usually arrives in June. July is the warmest month with 24-hr average of 12.5 °C (54 °F); August's average is 11.6 °C (53 °F) and October's is 3.5 °C (38 °F). The average annual precipitation varies from 500 millimetres (19.7 in) in Lyngseidet (half that of Tromsø) to 950 millimetres (37.4 in) in the northern part of the peninsula (Nord-Lenangen).

Rv 91 road in Lyngen, May 2009.

Spring often sees much sunshine and is the driest season; average monthly precipitation is approximately 30 millimetres (1.2 in) from March to June, while October is the wettest month.[4] In the mountains of the Lyngen Alps, the average temperatures typically remain below freezing from October to May, and snow accumulation can exceed 5 metres (16.4 ft).

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Lyngen is a municipality in the Region of Troms in Nortern Norway. The municipality is characterized by the towering mountains that rise 1833 metres right up from the Arctic Ocean. Geographically, the municipality is a peninsula. There are some 3200 inhabitants in Lyngen.

  • Lyngseidet is the main settlement, and has some 1000 inhabitants. It is a rather picturesque place, with old, wooden houses and the 1731 Lyngen Church.
  • Furuflaten is an industrial village at the root of the peninsula.
  • Nord-Lenangen is a fishing village at the tip of the peninsula.
  • Svensby is a settlement some 20 minutes' drive west of Lyngseidet, from where there is a ferry to the Tromsø peninsula.

Understand

The municipality is tricultural. The original inhabitants were the Sami. The outer villages got a Norwegian population rather early on, and in the 18th c., people from Finland settled in the area. Today, almost everyone speaks Norwegian only, but Sami and Finnish is still spoken by a few elderly people.

The area is immensely suited for off-piste skiers. However, visitors will soon discover that the infrastructure is lacking. Book your accommodation early and bring all your gear, the rest the flexible inhabitants will fix on the spot.

Talk

The main language today in Lyngen is Northern Norwegian dialect, with slight variations within the municipality. However, some Sami and Finnish is still understood by the elderly.

English is widely spoken, especially by the young.

Get in

To reach the peninsula, there is a ferry from Breivikeidet in the borough of Tromsø to Svensby. The drive from Tromsø to Breivikeidet is about 50 minutes. From Svensby, there is 25 minutes' drive to Lyngseidet. From Lyngseidet there is a ferry onwards to Olderdalen on the east side of Lyngen. [1] for updated info.

There are a couple of buses a day from Tromsø to places like Svensby, Lyngseidet and Furuflaten. The northern tip of the peninsula is served by a bus a day, approximately, and a catamaran a couple of times a week. [2] for bus timetables.

Get around

There are precious few buses in the area. Having your own transportation is not a bad idea.

See

You go to Lyngen for the outdoor activities and the scenery. Heritage places of note include:

  • Lyngen Church from 1731 in Lyngseidet
  • Gamslet Museum with old houses at Svensby
  • Solhov folkehøgskole at Solhov, just south of Lyngseidet. This was built as a boarding school around 1920, and is a huge wooden building.
  • Off-piste skiing
  • Cross-country skiing in the foothills near Svensby.

Organizing off-piste

The infrastructure for off-piste is not fantastically developed, which is maybe part of the attraction. There are several ways of doing it:

  • If you know what you're doing, hire a hut or a room and do it yourself. Are you up to it?
  • If you need a guide (recommended), there are organized alternatives, including:

- Skiing by boat: You stay on board a boat, and ski with a guide during the day. Organisers include: [3] and [4].

-The "Cetacea" leaves Tromsø Thursday-Sunday in March/April with guides on board. [5] - Hire a guide: [6]

  • Hiking
  • Glacier walks
  • Kayaking

Eat

Stigen Vertshus offers home cooking in Lyngseidet. Watch out for their goat specialities. All accommodation has cooking facilities, as the restaurant offer is rather thin.

Sleeping

Book early for the off-piste season in March-May. Groups of budget conscious travellers could consider the top end alternatives, as they get less pricy if many people share.

  • Svensby Tursenter offers tenting
  • Stigen Vertshus has some unrenovated rooms at lower rates.
  • Svensby tursenter has got three huts with bath and lounge/kitchenette, along with two bedrooms.
  • Stigen Verthus has rather nice rooms centrally located in Lyngseidet.
  • Toften Husflid og Ferie is in fact a single house that easily sleeps four. Lovingly restored, it combines character with comfort.
  • Koppangen Brygger is a resort geared for deep sea fishing. The huts sleep many people, and have all equipment necessary. The location in Koppangen north east of Lyngseidet is magical.
  • Lyngen Havfiske also caters for the deep sea fishing set, and is equally well equipped. It is situated in the middle of the fishing village of Nord-Lenangen.

Stay safe

Crime is more or less unheard of. The main danger is also the big attraction: The mountains are highly dangerous for the untrained.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

See also lyngen

Norwegian

Proper noun

Lyngen

  1. A municipality in Troms, Norway

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