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Scots law
Royal Coat of Arms in Scotland
This article is part of the series:
Law of Scotland

The Court of the Lord Lyon, also known as the Lyon Court, is a standing court of law which regulates heraldry in Scotland. Like the College of Arms in England it maintains the register of grants of arms, known as the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland, as well as records of genealogies.

The Lyon Court is a public body, and the fees for grants of arms are paid to HM Treasury. It is headed by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, who must be legally qualified, as he has criminal jurisdiction in heraldic matters, and the court is fully integrated into the Scottish legal system, including having a dedicated prosecutor, known in Scotland as a Procurator Fiscal. This contrasts with England, where the College of Arms is a private body, and the Court of Chivalry, which is a civil court, has met only once in 230 years, in 1954 .

Contents

Organisation

The head of the Lyon Court is Lord Lyon King of Arms. Only two of the office bearers work full time, the Lord Lyon King of Arms and the Lyon Clerk and Keeper of the Records, a post currently held by Elizabeth Roads, Carrick Pursuivant. The holders of these two positions are paid a salary as public officials. Up to six officers of arms in ordinary, heralds and pursuivants, assist these two officers, mostly in matters of state ceremonial.

From time to time, others can be appointed temporarily or as a recognition of their work. These are styled Herald or Pursuivant Extraordinary. In this way the previous Lord Lyon, Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight, serves as Orkney Herald Extraordinary. Administrative support to the Lyon Court is provided by the Lyon Clerk and Keeper of the Records. Prosecutions for violations of heraldry are carried out by a Procurator Fiscal attached to the Lyon Court.

In Scotland there are also four private pursuivants that are independent of Lyon Court. These officers are employed by Scottish nobles and chiefs and perform duties relating to genealogical, heraldic, and ceremonial matters of clan members. For more information see Private Officer of Arms.

As of June 2009 Officers of Arms in Scotland are:[1]

New Register House in Edinburgh, home of the Lyon Court
Position Name
Lord Lyon King of Arms David Sellar
Albany Herald of Arms in Ordinary John Alexander Spens
Ross Herald of Arms in Ordinary Charles John Burnett
Rothesay Herald of Arms in Ordinary Sir Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw
Marchmont Herald of Arms in Ordinary title not in use at present
Snowdoun Herald of Arms in Ordinary title not in use at present
Bute Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary title not in use at present
Carrick Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary Elizabeth Ann Roads
Unicorn Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary Adam Bruce
Dingwall Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary title not in use at present
Kintyre Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary title not in use at present
Ormond Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary Mark D. Dennis
Orkney Herald of Arms Extraordinary Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight
Angus Herald of Arms Extraordinary Robin Orr Blair
Islay Herald of Arms Extraordinary Alastair Lorne Campbell of Airds
Linlithgow Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary title not in use at present
Falkland Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary title not in use at present
March Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary title not in use at present
Procurator Fiscal to Lyon court George Way of Plean
Herald Painter Yvonne Holton

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Officers of Arms in Scotland". The Court of the Lord Lyon. http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/CCC_FirstPage.jsp. Retrieved 22 November 2008.  

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