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Portrait of Lyon Tyler

Lyon Gardiner Tyler (August 24, 1853 – February 12, 1935) was a U.S. educator and historian. He was the son of President John Tyler and First Lady Julia Gardiner Tyler, born at Sherwood Forest Plantation. He graduated in 1875 at the University of Virginia. From 1888 to 1919, he served as the seventeenth president of the College of William and Mary (W&M), and is widely credited for restoring the college's financial condition following the deterioration which took place in the wake of the American Civil War. He was married twice, first to the former Anne Baker Tucker, with whom he had three children, John Tyler, Elizabeth Gilmour Tyler, and Julia Gardiner Tyler. Following Anne's death in 1921, he married the former Sue Ruffin, with whom he had three children, Lyon Gardiner Tyler Jr., Harrison Ruffin Tyler, the current owner of the Sherwood Forest Plantation, and Henry Tyler, who died in infancy.[1]


Published works

He edited the

  • Narratives of Early Virginia, 1606-1625 (1907) and
  • Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography (five volumes, 1915).
  • Men of mark in Virginia, ideals of American life (five volumes, 1906)
  • History of Virginia (six volumes, 1924)

His publications include:

  • The Letters and Times of the Tylers (three volumes, 1885-96)
  • Parties and Patronage in the United States (1891)
  • The Cradle of the Republic (1900; second edition, 1906)
  • England in America (1904)
  • Williamsburg, the Old Colonial Capital (1907)
  • The Cavalier in America (1913)
  • A Confederate catechism (1930)


See also

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Stoddert Ewell
President of the College of William & Mary
Succeeded by
Julian Alvin Carroll Chandler


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