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Mönchengladbach
Cathedral of Mönchengladbach
Cathedral of Mönchengladbach
Coat of arms of Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach is located in Germany
Mönchengladbach
Coordinates 51°12′0″N 06°26′0″E / 51.2°N 6.433333°E / 51.2; 6.433333
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Norbert Bude (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 170.43 km2 (65.80 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m  (230 ft)
Population  261,645  (15 January 2010)[1]
 - Density 1,535 /km2 (3,976 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate MG
Postal codes 41001-41239
Area codes 02161, 02166
Website www.moenchengladbach.de

Mönchengladbach (German pronunciation: [mœnçənˈɡlatbax]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The largest city at the left Lower Rhine belonged as upper center to the governmental district Düsseldorf and is a component of the Metropolregion Rhine-Ruhr.

The original name of the city was Gladbach, which is even today often applied to the town. To distinguish the town from another town of the same name (the present Bergisch Gladbach) it took the name München-Gladbach in 1888. This spelling could mislead people to think that Gladbach was a borough of Munich (München in German), and consequently the name was changed to Mönchen Gladbach in 1950 and Mönchengladbach in 1960. The origin of the town was an abbey founded in 974. It was named after the Gladbach, a narrow brook, that runs subterraneously today. The abbey and adjoining villages became a town in the 14th century. The town of Rheydt is located nearby and is incorporated into Mönchengladbach today. Mönchengladbach is home of the football club Borussia Mönchengladbach, Formula One race car drivers Nick Heidfeld and Heinz-Harald Frentzen, author/cartoonist Walter Moers, cabaret artist Volker Pispers, and the philosopher Hans Jonas.

Contents

History

The first settlements in the area of Mönchengladbach are approximately 300,000 - 400,000 years old and show remains of Homo Erectus and Neanderthal. There are numerous cairns from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age.

The history of Mönchengladbach began with the construction of the Gladbach Cathedral and the founding of an abbey in the year 974 by Gero, Archbishop of Cologne, and his companion, the monk Sandrad of Trier.

To advance the settlement, the monks created a market north of the church in the 12th century. Craftsmen settled near the market. Gladbach received its town charter in 1364/1366. The "town" got a town wall made of stone, which had to be maintained by the citizens. (Remains of that wall can be found at the Geroweiher, as can remains of the "Thick Tower", an old fortifed tower at the Waldhausener hill). Until the end of the 18th century the city belonged to the department of Grevenbroich within the duchy of Jülich.

On October 4, 1794 French revolution army troops marched into the town, one day before the fortress Jülich had been handed over. When the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II conveyed the left bank of the river Rhine to France with the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801, Gladbach fell under French religion laws. This was the end for the abbey, and the monastery was closed. On October 31, 1802, the last 31 monks left the monastery. The tremendous abbey library, well known outside of Germany, was scattered or destroyed.

From 1798 until 1814, the Mairie Gladbach was part of Kanton Odenkirchen, Arrondissement Krefeld, of the French Département de la Roer.

In 1815, Gladbach became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and seat of the Landkreis Gladbach, which was dissolved in 1929. In 1815 Gladbach became seat of the Bürgermeisterei (Office of mayor), which was split in 1859 into two parts: the City of Gladbach and Office of Mayor Obergeburth. The latter was renamed to München-Gladbach-Land in 1907. When the Prussian Rhine Province was dissolved after World War II, the city became part of the new state North Rhine-Westphalia.

Twin Cities

Points of interest

Sons and daughters of Mönchengladbach

These people were born in Mönchengladbach, or in Rheydt or Wickrath, formerly independent communities united with Mönchengladbach in 1975.

Transport

The city has two main railway stations: Mönchengladbach Hauptbahnhof (Hbf) and Rheydt Hbf, the result of the merger of the two cities, in which the deprecated name for Rheydt Hbf was never removed. An S-Bahn line connects the city to Düsseldorf and Hagen; an extension further westwards is presently being discussed. A number of regional trains serve Mönchengladbach, but it is the largest city in Germany without regular long-distance services. The city also has a commercial airport called Dusseldorf Monchengladbach. Local bus and rail transport is carried out by the NVV-AG under the VRR transport association regulations.

Sports

The city hosted the FIH Hockey World Cup 2006 during the period of September 6-17.

Mönchengladbach has a long football tradition as well. Its home club Borussia Mönchengladbach is one of the country's most well-known, best-supported, and successful teams. Die Fohlen ("The Foals") with more than 40,000 members is rated actually as fourth largest fan-club in Germany. However, after a last place finish in the top flight for the 2006-2007 season, they were relegated to the 2. Bundesliga (1. and 2. National Leagues)for the 2007-2008 season. They are playing in the Bundesliga for the 2009 - 2010 season after surviving relegation and finishing 15th in the 2008 - 2009 season.

On July 30, 2004 the opening of the new stadium "Borussia-Park" was celebrated. It has a capacity of 54.700 visitors (sitplaces: 34.300, standplaces: 20.400 / capacity on International games: 45.600). The stadium can be reached by car (through dedicated exit on the Autobahn "A 61"), bus and train.

Military

Just outside Mönchengladbach is the Rheindahlen Military Complex, home to the headquarters of the British Armed Forces in Germany.

References

  1. ^ [1]

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Borussia-Park Mönchengladbach
Borussia-Park Mönchengladbach
  • Abteiberg Museum (Museum of contemporary arts), Abteistrasse 27. open daily 10 - 18:00, Mo closed. 5,- €, Students, Groups abv. 10P. 3,-€.  edit
  • Pay a visit to the Abteiberg museum (See)
  • Mönchengladbach's football team (VfL Borussia Mönchengladbach) is a premier league ("Bundesliga") team, the stadium capacity is 54.000 people, you might like to join a match, esp. versus "Bayern München", 1.FC. Köln", or "Borussia Dortmund". [1]
  • On Wednesday nights usually you will start at the Mezcalito at about 9pm, pay an entry fee of 3 Euro and drink half price drinks. Comfortably numb you will then stagger to the Rossi and finish your work. Sometimes there are Open Jam Sessions or Live Concerts at the Projekt 42.
  • On Thursday there are occasional "Poetry Slams" at the Projekt 42 (german), better check the HP before.

Buy

Mönchengladbach is not about big shopping tours and never will be, try Düsseldorf, Cologne, Venlo (NL) or Roermond (NL) instead.

Anyway, there are some shops worth being mentioned:

If you like german bread: Cafe Ö, Marktstieg 8, Very close to the "Alter Markt", is a non-chain-bakery and cafe. They do "handcrafted", organic, whole wheat bread. Try "Dinkelvollkorn", just with some butter! That's what germans miss when they're abroad (some even prior to beer). Don't have the bread you buy cut, cut each slice yourself at "home"!!!

If you consider tea bags a crime and are in need of the real stuff: "Tee Gschwender", Hindenburgstr., at the "Theater Galerie" will give you sweet relief.

You'll find a Chucks and Vans shop at the Theater Galerie, too.

If you're into Punk, Hardcore, Ska etc. music and clothes, pay a visit to Nightmare Records, Waldhausener Str. (Altstadt).  edit

  • Das Cafe (old fashioned student's Cafe, very popular italian waiter), Wallstr. 19 (Between Hindenburgstr. and Viersener Str.). 10 - 01:00. food starts at 3,10 € (Try their 'Baguette') Hot Drinks 1,90 €.  edit
  • Mokka (Cafe and restaurant, crowded at lunchtime), Stephanstr. (Between Hindenburgstr. and Bismarckplatz).  edit
  • Shiva Lounge (shanti Restaurant and hangout. Shishas available), Waldhausener Str. 31 (Altstadt), 02161.175634.  edit
  • Irish Pub (sic), Waldhausener Str. (Altstadt). open TUES THRU SUNDAY.  edit
  • Mezcalito (Mexican Bar), Gasthausstr. 30 (Altstadt). Wd 20:00 - 02:00, Fr, Sat 20:00 - 05:00. Wednesday Half Price on all drinks.  edit
  • Nacht (House Club), Waldhausener Str. 23 (Altstadt). Fr, Sat 23:00 - 05:00.  edit
  • Projekt 42 (Underground Club), Waldhausener Str. 42 (Altstadt), [2]. Fr, Sat, 23 - 5:00, Wd 21 - 1:00.  edit
  • Rossi (Classix Club), Waldhausener Str. 65 (Altstadt). Wds, Fr, Sa 22:00 - 05:00.  edit
  • Spielplatz (Nightclub), Aachener Str. 19. Fr, Sat 23 - 5.00.  edit
  • Roots Club (Rock and some Hip Hop), Aachener Str 23 (Altstadt), [3]. Smaller Live and Dance Club, occasional concerts  edit
  • Hotel Kunst und Nippes, Waldhausener Str. 28 (Altstadt). s 54,- €, d 82,-€ Breakfast included.  edit
  • Pleasure Dome (Internet and Game Cafe), Waldhausener Str. 10 (Altstadt). 12 - 05:00. 1 € / h.  edit
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Proper noun

Mönchengladbach

  1. Mönchengladbach (city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany)

Simple English

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