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Møre og Romsdal fylke
—  County  —

Coat of arms
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Country Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
Region Vestlandet
County ID NO-15
Official language form Nynorsk[1]
Demonym Møringer or Romsdøler
Administrative centre Molde
Government
 - Governor Ottar Befring
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (2002–present)
 - County Mayor Olav Bratland
  Høyre
  (2007–present)
Area (#11 in Norway, 4.79% of Norway's land area)
 - Total 15,121 km2 (5,838.3 sq mi)
 - Land 14,590 km2 (5,633.2 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 247,933
 - Density 16.2/km2 (42/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) 2.0 %
 - Rank in Norway 8 (5.24% of nation)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Income (per capita) 139,200 NOK
GDP (per capita) 243,412 NOK (2001)
National Rank: 6 (3.89% of nation)
Website www.mrfylke.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1951 191,621
1960 212,020 10.6%
1970 223,378 5.4%
1980 235,719 5.5%
1990 238,346 1.1%
2000 243,158 2.0%
2010 250,608 3.1%
2020 263,255 5.0%
2030 275,806 4.8%
Source: Statistics Norway[2].

About this sound Møre og Romsdal is a county in the northernmost part of Western Norway. It borders the counties of Sør-Trøndelag, Oppland and Sogn og Fjordane. The county administration is located in Molde, while Ålesund is the largest city.

Contents

The name

The name Møre og Romsdal was created in 1936. The first element refers to the districts of Nordmøre and Sunnmøre, and the last element refers to Romsdal. Until 1919, the county was called "Romsdal amt", and from 1919-1935 "Møre fylke".

For the meanings of the names see Diocese of Møre and Romsdal.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from 1978. It shows three Viking ships (where the masts and the yards creates three crosses). The number of three represents the three districts of the county: Sunnmøre, Romsdal and Nordmøre.

History

Ragnvald Eysteinsson, earl of Møre until 890, might be the father of Rollo of Normandy.

Geography

Traditionally, the county has been divided into three districts. From north to south, these are Nordmøre, Romsdal and Sunnmøre. Although the districts do not have separate governments and despite modern road, sea and air connections throughout the county, the three districts still have their own identities in many ways. Historically speaking, connections have been stronger between Nordmøre and Sør-Trøndelag to the north, Romsdal and Oppland to the east, and Sunnmøre and Sogn og Fjordane to the south, than internally. Differences in dialects between the three districts bear clear evidence of this. Due to geographical features, the county has many populated islands and is intersected by several deep fjords. Due to its difficult terrain, Møre og Romsdal has been very dependent on boat traffic, and its main car ferry company, MRF, has existed since 1921.

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Settlements

Møre og Romsdal has six settlements with city status. The largest three were cities before 1993 when municipalities were allowed to grant city status which led to an increase in the number of cities. The county contains multiple other urban settlements (as defined by Statistics Norway) without city status, every municipality except for Halsa and Smøla containing at least one. As of 1 January 2009, 166,374 people (66.8 percent of the population) lived in an urban settlement.[1] The population density is highest near the coast, with all of the county's cities located on saltwater.

The largest city in the county is Ålesund, with a population of 42,317 in the municipality and 46,471 in the agglomeration which it forms together with parts of Sula.

Rank Community Kommune/Kommunar Region Population (2009)
1 Ålesund Ålesund, Sula Sunnmøre 46,471
2 Molde Molde Romsdal 19,353
3 Kristiansund Kristiansund Nordmøre 17,002
4 Ørsta Ørsta Sunnmøre 6,495
5 Volda Volda Sunnmøre 5,739
6 Ulsteinvik Ulstein Sunnmøre 5,251
7 Sunndalsøra Sunndal Nordmøre 4,240
8 Sykkylven Sykkylven Sunnmøre 4,083
9 Hareid Hareid Sunnmøre 3,773
10 Fosnavåg/Leinstrand Herøy Sunnmøre 3,521

Infrastructure

Møre og Romsdal is served by nine airports, of which only the airports located near the four largest centres have regular domestic flights. The largest airport in the county is Ålesund Airport, Vigra, which offers the only scheduled international routes from any airport in Møre og Romsdal. Ålesund Airport had 732,614 passengers in 2006. Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget had 364,350 passengers in 2007, while Molde Airport, Årø had 401,292, down from 444,677 in 2006. Ørsta-Volda airport had 49,842 passengers in 2006. None of the airports in Møre og Romsdal offer regular flights to each other.[2]

In 2007, Møre og Romsdal had 6339 kilometres of public roads, an increase of 5 km since the previous year, as well as 4258 kilometres of private roads, 7 km more than in 2006.[3]

Municipalities

Location of Møre og Romsdal Municipalities

Møre og Romsdal has a total of 36 municipalities:

  1. Ålesund
  2. Aukra
  3. Aure
  4. Averøy
  5. Eide
  6. Fræna
  7. (Frei -merged with Kristiansund 1 January 2008)
  8. Giske
  9. Gjemnes
  10. Halsa
  11. Haram
  12. Hareid
  13. Herøy
  14. Kristiansund
  15. Midsund
  16. Molde
  17. Nesset
  18. Norddal
  19. Ørskog
  1. Ørsta
  2. Rauma
  3. Rindal
  4. Sande
  5. Sandøy
  6. Skodje
  7. Smøla
  8. Stordal
  9. Stranda
  10. Sula
  11. Sunndal
  12. Surnadal
  13. Sykkylven
  14. Tingvoll
  15. (Tustna - merged with Aure 1 January 2006)
  16. Ulstein
  17. Vanylven
  18. Vestnes
  19. Volda

References

External links

Coordinates: 62°30′00″N 07°10′00″E / 62.5°N 7.1666667°E / 62.5; 7.1666667


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Scandinavia : Norway : West Norway : Møre og Romsdal

Møre og Romsdal is in West Norway. It is the most northerly of the famous west coast fjord regions and its northern location possibly cuts visitors - but it yields to none of the others in its scenery.

Regions

Møre og Romsdal is an administrative district (county). Historically the county consists of three distinct areas, each with its own dialect:

  • Nordmøre - The northern coastal region around Kristiansund and Sunndal Valley, which includes the municipalities (kommune) of Kristiansund, Aure, Averøy, Eide, Gjemnes, Halsa, Rindal, Surnadal, Smøla, Sunndal and Tingvoll.
  • Romsdal - Around Molde, Åndalsnes and the central valley of the Rauma river including the municipalities (kommune) of Molde, Aukra, Fræna, Midsund, Nesset, Rauma, Sandøy, and Vestnes.
  • Sunnmøre - The southern costal region around Ålesund, which includes the municipalities (kommune) of Ålesund, Giske, Hareid, Herøy, Norddal, Sande, Skodje, Haram, Stordal, Stranda, Sula, Sykkylven, Ulstein, Vanylven, Volda, Ørskog, and Ørsta.
  • Romsdal railway from Dombås to Åndalsnes - one of Norway's most scenic stretches of rail. The railway line itself is an engineering accomplishment. It includes two hairpin bends, one inside a tunnel and one crossing the river.
  • The Romsdal valley from Verma to Åndalsnes can easily be experienced by driving road E136. This alpine valley is possibly the most majestic in Norway. The gentle Rauma river runs through the valley from Lesjaskog to Åndalsnes.
  • The Golden Route - road route only open in the summer between Åndalsnes and Geiranger taking in the Trollstigen mountain pass and the Eagles' Highway and a car ferry between.
  • The Atlantic Highway, a coastal road crossing any number of islands between Molde and Kristiansund.

Understand

Møre og Romsdal county includes deep fjords, alpine mountains, gentle vallies, countless green islands, wide forrests, the wilde Atlantic coast, impressive mountain roads, numerous lakes, barren mountain plateaus, charming mountain farms, and the highest waterfalls in Norway. This region is rich in natural resources such as fisheries, natural gas and hydro electric power. The highest mountains and waterfalls are in the district around Geiranger, Valldal, Tafjord, Åndalsnes, Eikesdalen valley and Sunndal valley. Along the coast and to the North (in the Nordmøre area closer to Trondheim), the mountains are lower, less steep and the forrests wide and deep. Due to the deep fjords and numerous islands all parts of this region has easy access to the Atlantic and transport depends on ferries.

Climate

Møre og Romsdal weather is dominated by the North Atlantic. On the islands and close the ocean it's never really hot in summer and rarely cold in winter, fog tend to emerge on warm summer days. At the end of fjords and in the long valleys, summers are warmer and gentler. In Valldal and Geiranger there is typically snow cover from December to April, frequently 50-100 centimeters heavy snow, occasionaly more than 100 centimeters in the valley.

Note that temperature is related to altitude. In the mountains, the temperature can be close to zero C even in summer.

Talk

The language in Møre og Romsdal is Norwegian, with dialects that are distinctly different from Oslo and Bergen dialects. In the northern area (Nordmøre), the dialect is similar to Trondheim dialect.

As in the rest of Norway, virtually everybody under 60 speak or understand English. In tourist hot spots, like Geiranger, French and German are also common among service personnel. Due to some immigration from Poland, the Netherlands etc, don't be surprised to meet service workers that manage other languages as well.

Get in

By car Road E136 connects the region to road E6 (Norway's main north-south road) at Dombås. About seven hours from Oslo to Åndalsnes. E136 is an all-year road.

In summer, the region can also be reached via the famous Geiranger road. Road 15 from Otta (on E6) connects to Road 63 on the mountain pass above Geiranger.

From the south, on the western side, the main entrence to Møre og Romsdal is the E39 from Bergen to Volda, Ålesund and Molde. Tourists should consider the more scenic Road 60 (connecting to E39 at Byrkjelo) across a small mountain pass, further through Olden and Stryn to Hellesylt.

The E39 is also the main entrance from the Middle Norway and Trondheim. Tourists could however consider the more scenic road 70 through Sunndal valley connecting to E6 at Oppdal.

Get around

The only railway in this district ends at Åndalsnes.

Your own car is the best way to get around and travel at your own speed.

Frequent buses connect the towns, whereas in remote vallies there may be only one or two buses daily.

Hitchhiking is a cheap way to travel the tourist routes.

Cycling is a nice way to move around the varied landscape, steep hills and numerous tunnels are challenging.

Ferries like the long Valldal-Geiranger ferry offer opportunities to rest for the bicycle traveler.

Because of the many islands and deep fjords, Møre og Romsdal has a large number of relatively short (10-20 min) ferry crossings. Ferries are an integral part of the road network and trips across this county always involves ferries. Car ferries on the main roads are rather frequent (typically every half hour), extremely reliable and operate with reserve capacity. Except for the popular Geiranger-Hellesylt and Valldal-Geiranger ferries, tourists need not worry about time tables and reservations. Tourists are however recommended to caclulate plenty of time for trips involving car ferries. Buses, ambulances and livestock transport have priority. On the longer crossings, ferries have cafeteria selling coffee, beverages, sandwiches and some hot food. Menu also include the typical thick pancake ("svele") served with brown cheese, butter or marmelade.

There are in addition a few express boats (passengers only).

See

The most important sights in Møre og Romsdal is the nature and landscape itself, although the old center of Ålesund and some charming villages and mountain farms are worth a visit. A number of interesting and impressive road constructions are perhaps the most important man-made attractions in this region. The best way to see and experience this area is by driving your own car, taking a bus tour or by taking a cruise on the fjords.

Itineraries

By car - suggestions

Alpine Highlights

From Otta on E6 road 15 passed Grotli, change to road 63, make a detour to Dalsnibba (at Djupvasshytta), continue down the famous Geiranger road (don't stop in Geiranger village), continue up Eagle's Highway (short stop for photos near the top) on road 63. Take the ferry from Eidsdal to Linge (10 minutes), at Linge turn left onto road 650 for a 10 kilometer detour to Liabygda, enjoy the panorama, and return to Valldal village on road 63. From Valldal make a 15 kilometer detour to Tafjord to look at the great dam and power production. Return to Valldal village and continue up Valldal valley on road 63 towards Trollstigen, short stop at Gudbrandsjuvet to look at the gorge, continue to the mountain pass and drive down Trollstigen after stop "on the edge". At Sogge bridge turn right onto E136, look at the majestic Romsdal valley including Trollveggen, continue towards Verma and look at the waterfalls there. Connect to E6 at Dombås.

By train Raumabanen, the Dombås-Åndalsnes line, is the only railway in Møre og Romsdal and an attraction itself. Åndalsnes is the end station.

Eat

Try the typical thick pancake ("svele") served on ferries.

See information for specific destinations.

Stay safe

Norway has in general a low crime rate. Møre og Romsdal does not have any big cities where crime is relatively more frequent. Violent crimes are very rare. Petty thefts and vandalism are the most common form of crime. Most of Møre og Romsdal are small, peaceful villages where everybody knows each other, and tourists do not need to worry about their safety in public places. Tourists should however watch their belongings in crowded tourist spots like Geiranger and in the busy shopping areas of Ålesund.

People generally drive careful on mountain roads and few car accidents happen even if many tourists feel unsafe. Drivers tend to use their breaks to much causing the break fluid to boil - use a low gear and let the engine control the speed downhill.

Møre og Romsdal has large numbers of red deer (hart, "hjort") that can suddenly jump into the road at dusk and dawn (particularly where road is passing through dense forrest). The red deer is much smaller than the moose (elk) found in Eastern Norway, but can still create a danger situation and cause serious damage to your car. Note the special warning sign. Call the police at 02800 (or emergency number 112) if you wound an animal.

Do not walk near or on glaciers without proper equipment and instructions. Do not underestimate the risk on slippery slopes (particularly near waterfalls).

Do not underestimate the power of waves along the Atlantic. Wear a life west when in a small open boat.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Møre og Romsdal

Wikipedia no

Norwegian

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Møre og Romsdal

  1. A county in Norway

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

'
File:Møre og Romsdal kart.png
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Coordinates: ° N ° E
Country Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
Region Vestlandet
History  
Official language form Nynorsk[1]
Government  
 - Governor Ottar Befring
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (since 2002)
 - County Mayor Olav Bratland
  Høyre
  (since 2007)
Population  
 - City (2008) 247,933
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Data from Statistics Norway
Website: www.mrfylke.no

Møre og Romsdal file— play in browser is a county in the northernmost part of Western Norway. It borders the counties of Sør-Trøndelag, Oppland, and Sogn og Fjordane. The county administration is located in Molde, while Ålesund is the largest city.

Contents

History

Ragnvald Eysteinsson, earl of Møre until 890, might be the father of Rollo of Normandy.

The name Møre og Romsdal was created in 1936. The first element refers to the districts of Nordmøre and Sunnmøre, and the last element refers to Romsdal. Until 1919, the county was called "Romsdal amt", and from 1919-1935 "Møre fylke".

The coat-of-arms is from 1978. It shows three Viking ships (where the masts and the yards creates three crosses). The number of three represents the three districts of the county: Sunnmøre, Romsdal, and Nordmøre.

Geography

Traditionally, the county has been divided into three districts. From north to south, these are Nordmøre, Romsdal and Sunnmøre. Although the districts do not have separate governments, and despite modern road, sea, and air connections throughout the county, the three districts still have their own identities in many ways. Historically speaking, connections have been stronger between Nordmøre and Sør-Trøndelag to the north, Romsdal and Oppland to the east, and Sunnmøre and Sogn og Fjordane to the south, than internally. Differences in dialects between the three districts bear clear evidence of this. Due to geographical features — the county has many populated islands and is intersected by several deep fjords — Møre og Romsdal has been very dependent on boat traffic, and its main car ferry company, MRF, has existed since 1921.

Settlements

Møre og Romsdal has six settlements with city status, of which the largest three received it before municipalities were allowed to grant city status, inflating the number of cities, in 1993. The county contains multiple additional urban settlements (as defined by Statistics Norway) without city status, every municipality except for Halsa and Smøla containing at least one. As of 1 January 2007, 166,374 people lived in an urban settlement.[1] The population density is highest near the coast, where all the cities except Åndalsnes are located.

The largest city in the county is Ålesund, with a population of 41,385 in the municipality and 45,299 in the agglomeration which it forms together with parts of Sula. The second and third largest cities are Molde, with a population of 24,254 in the municipality and 18,631 in the urban area, and Kristiansund with 22,522 in the municipality and 16,820 in the urban area as of 2007.

Infrastructure

Møre og Romsdal is served by nine airports, of which only the airports located near the three largest cities as well as Ørsta-Volda Airport, Hovden have regular domestic flights. The largest airport in the county is Ålesund Airport, Vigra, which offers the only scheduled international routes from any airport in Møre og Romsdal. Ålesund Airport had 732,614 passengers in 2006. Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget had 364,350 passengers in 2007, while Molde Airport, Årø had 401,292, down from 444,677 in 2006. Ørsta-Volda airport had 49,842 passengers in 2006. None of the airports in Møre og Romsdal offer regular flights to each other.[2]

In 2007, Møre og Romsdal had 6339 kilometres of public roads, an increase of 5 km since the previous year, as well as 4258 kilometres of private roads, 7 km more than in 2006.[3]

Municipalities

File:Møre og Romsdal Municipalities.png

Møre og Romsdal has a total of 36 municipalities:

  1. Ålesund
  2. Aukra
  3. Aure
  4. Averøy
  5. Eide
  6. Fræna
  7. (Frei -merged with Kristiansund 1 January 2008)
  8. Giske
  9. Gjemnes
  10. Halsa
  11. Haram
  12. Hareid
  13. Herøy
  14. Kristiansund
  15. Midsund
  16. Molde
  17. Nesset
  18. Norddal
  19. Ørskog
  1. Ørsta
  2. Rauma
  3. Rindal
  4. Sande
  5. Sandøy
  6. Skodje
  7. Smøla
  8. Stordal
  9. Stranda
  10. Sula
  11. Sunndal
  12. Surnadal
  13. Sykkylven
  14. Tingvoll
  15. (Tustna - merged with Aure 1 January 2006)
  16. Ulstein
  17. Vanylven
  18. Vestnes
  19. Volda

References

  1. ^ 2 Population and area in urban settlements. Municipality. 1 January 2007 (Norwegian). Statistics Norway (2007). Retrieved on 10 June, 2008.
  2. ^ Avinor.no
  3. ^ Statistikkbanken (Norwegian). Statistics Norway (2007). Retrieved on 11 June, 2008.

External links


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Møre og Romsdal. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Møre og RomsdalRDF feed
Localities of nation Norway  +
Localities of nation-subdivision1 Møre og Romsdal  +
Localities of nation-subdivision2 Vestlandet  +
Wikipedia Møre og Romsdal  +

This article uses material from the "Møre og Romsdal" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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