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M-45 (Spain): Wikis

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Spain traffic signal s1.svg Autopista M-45
Signal   M-45 
Beginning M-40 AB-AS-blau.svg28B
End M-50
Length 27 km (17 mi)
List of autopistas and autovías in Spain
float

The M-45 motorway, in the Spanish region of Madrid, is one of the several high-capacity roads serving the metropolitan area of Madrid, the capital of Spain. A partial ring around the city, it was built in the early 2000s by the Madrid regional government to help alleviate the congestion of the M-40, an inner full ring road that is amongst the busiest roads in Spain. Originally 37 kilometres (23 mi) long, it ran from the southern M-40 between the links with the A-5 and R-5 motorways, to the north-eastern A-2. However, the last 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) in the A-2 end were absorbed by the construction of the outer ring road M-50 due to the discovery of prehistorical remains which altered the planned route of the new road.

It was first opened to traffic on 14 March, 2002, and one year later a poll conducted by the regional ministry of Public Works, Urbanism and Transport showed the M-45 at the top of the Madrid roads in both the "safety" and "fluidity" categories. The use of a shadow toll to finance its construction gave rise to juridical studies on the concept, as the M-45 was among the first projects to employ it in Spain.

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