M-69 (Michigan highway): Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A road sign bearing a diamond enclosing a block M and the number 69
M-69
Maintained by MDOT

M-69 highlighted in red
Length: 65.440 mi[1] (105.315 km)
Formed: 1919[2]
West end: US 2 / US 141 in Crystal Falls
Major
junctions:
M-95 from Sagola to Randville

G-69 in Foster City

East end: US 2 / US 141 near Bark River
Counties: Iron, Dickinson, Menominee, Delta
Michigan highways
< I-69 M-70 >

M-69 is an east–west state trunkline highway in the Upper Peninsula (UP) of the U.S. state of Michigan. It connects with US Highway 2 (US 2) on both ends in Crystal Falls and near Bark River. In between, the highway runs for 65.440 miles (105.315 km) in rural UP forest lands.

Before the creation of the U.S. Highway System, the current M-69 was a portion of M-12. The original M-69 was replaced by US 102 and the M-69 designation was reused on a section of M-12 not replaced by US 2. Further changes to the current highway truncated it for three decades. The eastern section removed from M-69 was given the County-Designated Highway name of G-30 until the change was reversed. In 2002, the historic Paint River Bridge in Crystal Falls was rehabilitated, repairing it and restoring it to the original appearance.

Contents

Route description

The Iron County Courthouse in Crystal Falls

M-69 starts at the intersection of 5th Street and Superior Avenue in Crystal Falls, where it meets US 2/US 141. The Iron County Courthouse is located at the head of Superior Avenue and overlooks a steep hill headed east through downtown. The City of Crystal Falls states that the courthouse offers "a view of the main street of the City and the scenic panorama of the valley at its feet".[3] On a clear day, Iron Mountain can be seen from the courthouse tower.[3] It is from this starting point that M-69 descends Superior Avenue through downtown toward the Paint River. The highway crosses the river on a historic bridge built in 1929 that features decorative lamp posts and railings.[4] The bridge was rehabilitated for five months in 2002. This rehabilitation involved replacing the bridge deck, repairing the bridge's substructure, and restoring the lighting and railings to original designs.[5] Because this bridge is listed on Michigan's list of historic bridges, the construction work had to preserve the original historic character of the bridge.[6] Final construction was completed at a cost of $1,130,545 (equivalent to $1.34 million today[7]). A complete bridge replacement would have cost 25% more without saving the historic bridge.[5]

Approaching the historic 1929 bridge over the Paint River

On the opposite bank of the river, Superior Avenue climbs a hill past the Evergreen Cemetery at the top. The section of roadway up to this point carries the highest levels of traffic as measured by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) in their annual average daily traffic (AADT) surveys. Some 3,900 vehicles used this segment of trunkline daily in 2007.[8] Outside of town, the trunkline runs south of Runkle Lake through hilly, wooded terrain. The roadway crosses the southern section of the Michigamme River west of the Dickinson County line.[9]

Running 2.000 miles (3.219 km) east of the county line,[1] M-69 meets M-95 in the unincorporated community of Sagola. The post office in Sagola was established in 1889 to serve the timber-harvesting community.[10] M-69 turns south along M-95, and together the two highways run south for 6.029 miles (9.703 km) concurrently to the unincorporated community of Randville.[1] This segment of the trunkline had the highest commercial traffic in the state's AADT surveys. Some 560 trucks used this roadway daily in 2007, according to MDOT.[11] This second unicorporated community was settled for iron mining at the adjacent Groveland Mine at the turn of the century.[10] M-69 and M-95 separate in Randville as the former turns east and the latter continues southward.[9]

Between Randville and the former community of Metropolitan, M-69 runs along the West Branch of the Sturgeon River through more hilly terrain. The trunkline continues east to the twin communities of Theodore and Felch. The river and the road part ways until meeting again at Foster City. This is also the location of a unique junction of highways. M-69 meets G-69, a County-Designated Highway that runs south to Loretto in southern Dickinson County.[9] The intersection in unique because some states, such as California, do no allow two highways to share a common number.[12]

The highway continues to follow the river until crossing it at Hardwood before curving southeasterly and crossing into northern Menominee County. The highway crosses the northern end of the county through relatively flat terrain. The lowest AADT counts were measured here in 2007 at 550 vehicles.[8] Near the unincorporated community of Perronville, the roadway runs through hills near a crossing of the Ten Mile Creek west of the county line. Continuing to the southeast, M-69 meets the community of Schaffer at the Delta County line. This line marks the transition from the Central Time Zone to the Eastern Time Zone.[13] In Delta County, M-69 turns south along the Bark River and crosses its north branch.[9] Just after running 5.237 miles (8.428 km) into the county,[1] M-69 crosses a set of railroad tracks from the Canadian National Railway's Wisconsin Central. There it meets US 2/US 41 east of the community of Bark River, home to the Hannahville Indian Community. This marks the western end of the highway, halfway between Bark River and Hyde, west of Escanaba.[13]

History

In 1919, M-69 started at the state line south of Crystal Falls. It ran north through Crystal Falls, where it intersected M-12, to end in Covington at an intersection with M-28.[2] This roadway was redesignated with the creation of the U.S. Highway System in 1926. US 2 replaced M-69 south and M-12 west of Crystal Falls. US 102 replaced M-69 north of Crystal Falls, and the latter designation was reused on the section of M-12 east of town.[14] Where the roadway intersected M-45 (now M-95) in Sagola, M-69 joined it to Randville and then replaced M-90 east to Foster City by 1927.[15] By 1930, the highway was extended through Menominee County into Delta County to end at an intersection with US 2/US 41 east of Bark River.[16] This extension gave M-69 its current routing.

In 1960, the section of M-69 east of Randville was decommissioned, and the concurrency with M-95 was removed. This truncated the highway to 12.760 miles (20.535 km), approximately one-fifth of its previously length.[1][17] In 1972, this section was renamed G-30 with the beginning of the County-Designated Highway program in Michigan.[18] This county road designation lasted until 1993. That year, the changes made in 1960 were reversed and M-69 was re-extended along M-95 and back to the Bark River area.[19]

Major intersections

County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Iron Crystal Falls 0.000 US 2 / US 141Iron River, Baraga  
Dickinson Sagola 12.760 M-95 north – Marquette Pre-1993 eastern terminus
Randville 18.789 M-95 south – Iron Mountain Pre-1993 western terminus of G-30
Foster City   G-69 south – Loretto  
Delta Bark River 65.440 US 2 / US 41Escanaba, Iron Mountain  
Legend
Concurrency terminus Unconstructed

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Michigan Department of Transportation. Control Section/Physical Reference Atlas [map]. (2001) Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
  2. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department. State of Michigan: Upper Peninsula [map]. Cartography by MSHD. (1919) Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  3. ^ a b "Courthouse". Crystal Falls, Michigan. http://www.crystalfalls.org/ironcounty.htm. Retrieved October 17, 2008.  
  4. ^ "M-69/Paint River". Michigan Department of Transportation. May 10, 2002. http://www.michigan.gov/mdot/0,1607,7-151-9620_11154_11188-29550--,00.html. Retrieved October 17, 2008.  
  5. ^ a b "M-69: Paint River Bridge Rehabilitation" (PDF). Michigan Department of Transportation. March 2006. http://www.michigan.gov/documents/MDOT_Appx_B1_MI_Ex_Superior_Region_34-35_M-69_Paint_River_Br_158712_7.pdf. Retrieved October 17, 2008.  
  6. ^ Garrett, Greg (August 2004). "Rehabilitating Michigan’s Paint River Bridge". Better Roads (Randall-Reilly Publishing Co) 74 (8): 68.  
  7. ^ "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2008". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/community_education/teacher/calc/hist1800.cfm. Retrieved 2009-08-01.  
  8. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation. Statewide AADT Map [map]. (2007) Retrieved on 2008-10-07.
  9. ^ a b c d Google, Inc. Google Maps – US-2 & M-69, Crystal Falls, MI 49920 to US-2 & M-69, MI 49807 [map]. Cartography by Tele Atlas. Retrieved on 2008-10-17.
  10. ^ a b Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X. OCLC 13860391.  
  11. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation. Commercial Statewide AADT Map [map]. (2007) Retrieved on 2008-10-07.
  12. ^ "Route Renumbering: New Green Markers Will Replace Old Shields". California Highways and Public Works: 13+. March–April 1964.  
  13. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation. Official Department of Transportation Map [map], 1 in.:15 mi/1 cm:9 km. (2008)
  14. ^ Bureau of Public Roads. United States System of Highways [map]. (1926) Retrieved on 2008-05-10.
  15. ^ Michigan State Highway Department. Official Highway Service Map [map]. Cartography by MSHD. (December 1, 1927)
  16. ^ Michigan State Highway Department. Official Highway Service Map [map]. Cartography by H.M. Gousha. (January 1, 1930)
  17. ^ Michigan State Highway Department. Official Highway Map [map]. (1960) (Includes all changes through July 1, 1960)
  18. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways. Official Highway Map [map], 1 in.:14.5 mi.. (1972)
  19. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation. Michigan Department of Transportation Map [map], 1 in.:14.5 mi./1 in.:23 km.. (1993)

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