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M119 howitzer
US M119 Howitzer .jpg
M119 Howitzer being fired as part of an exercise near Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan
Type Towed howitzer
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
Used by U.S. Armed Forces
Production history
Manufacturer Royal Ordnance Factories
Produced 1989[1]
Variants M119, M119A1, M119A2
Specifications (M119A1)
Weight Without BII 4,270 lbs/ With BII 4,690 lbs/ cannon alone 1,389
Length 16Ft.
Width 5Ft. 10in's
Height Folded- 4Ft. 6in's / Unfolded- 7Ft. 3in's
Crew 5 to 7

Caliber 105 mm (4.13 in)
Elevation -100 to +1244 mil's
Traverse Left or right 100 Mil's
Rate of fire Max-8 rounds per Min for 3 Min / Sustain Rate Of Fire 3 rounds per Min for 30 Min
Maximum range 11,500m (charge 7); 14,000m (charge 8); 19,500m (M913 rocket assisted projectile)
Sights 3x M90A2 telescope, M137A1 panoramic telescope

The M119 A1 Howitzer is a lightweight howitzer used by the United States Army. It can be easily airlifted, even by helicopter, or dropped by parachute. It does not need a recoil pit.

Contents

Development

The howitzer was designed and produced by the British Royal Ordnance Factories as the L118/L119 Light Gun. In the L118 configuration, the 105 mm projectile and the propelling charge are semi-fixed. The L118 entered service with the British Army in 1975 and is used by the Parachute and Commando Field Artillery Regiments. It saw combat during the Falklands War, where the 30 guns in action fired up to 400 rounds per gun per day, mostly at "Charge Super" i.e. the most powerful propellant charge available. The L119 is the L118 reconfigured to fire NATO-standard 105 mm single-piece ammunition.

105mm howitzer being fired by A Btry, 2-218th Field Artillery of Oregon

In 1987 an agreement was reached to produce the L119 under license by the U.S. as the M119, to replace the M102 howitzer. It entered service with 7th Infantry Division, Fort Ord, California, in December 1989. Some improvements were made to produce the M119A1, including increasing its extreme low temperate envelope from -30 C to -45C, adding a US digital fire control system, and improving maintainability.The army has renewed contracts for the M119 to be produced by the Rock Island Arsenal - Joint Manufacturing & Technology Center (RIA-JMTC) at Rock Island, Illinois into the year 2013.

The M119 is currently fielded with all Regular Army light divisions, including the 10th Mountain, 25th Infantry, 82nd Airborne, and 101st Airborne Divisions, as well as the 173rd Airborne and certain National Guard field artillery battalions. It is routinely airdropped in airborne operations and slingloaded under Chinook or Blackhawk helicopters in air assault operations.

As of April 2009, the M119A2 howitzer is being fielded by the 4th Infantry Combat Brigade of 3rd Infantry Division to provide better support in future operations to Afghanistan and Iraq. They are the only brigade in the division, as the rest of the other three brigades are now considered "heavy" (155mm).

Ammunition

M119 in the Iraq War

The M119A1 fires all standard NATO ammunition as well as special rocket-assisted projectiles, including:

  • M1 High explosive
  • M314 Illuminating
  • M60/M60A2 Smoke Cartidge
  • M913 HERA Range: 19.5 km
  • M760 HE Range: 14.5 km

Variants

  • M119 Original copy of the L119
    • M119A1 Minor improvements, including fire control and maintenance.
    • M119A2 Improved sight package consisting of telescope (M90A3) or panoramic telescope (M137A2).

External links

Notes

  1. ^ US Army Fact Files - Towed Howitzer (105mm) M119A1/A2
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