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Rifle, 7.62 mm, Sniper Weapon System, M24
M24 SWS.jpg
The M24 rifle
Type Sniper rifle
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1988–present
Used by See Users
Wars Operation Desert Storm Jan/Feb 1991;
Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003-;
Operation Enduring Freedom, 2001 to present
Production history
Designer Remington
Designed 1988
Manufacturer Remington Arms
Produced 1988–c.2010
Variants M24A2, M24A3
Specifications
Weight 5.4 kg (11.88 lbs) empty, w/. sling, without scope (M24)
7.3 kg (16 lbs) max weight with day optical sigh, sling swivels, carrying strap, fully loaded magazine[1]
5.6 kg (12.32 lbs) empty, w/. sling, without scope (M24A3).
Length 1,092 mm (43 in) (M24A1, M24A2);
(46.5 in) (M24A3)
Barrel length 660.4 mm (24 in)(M24A1, M24A2);
(29 in) (M24A3)

Cartridge 7.62x51mm NATO (M24A2), .300 Winchester Magnum (M24A1), .338 Lapua Magnum (M24A3)
Action Bolt-action
Rate of fire @20 rpm
Muzzle velocity 2,580 ft/s (790 m/s) w/M118LR Sniper load (175 gr.)
Effective range up to 800 metres (875 yd)[2]
Feed system 5-round internal magazine (M24A1),
10-round detachable box magazine (M24A2),
5-round detachable box magazine (M24A3)
Sights Telescopic; detachable backup iron sights

The M24 Sniper Weapon System (SWS) is the military and police version of the Remington 700 rifle, M24 being the model name assigned by the United States Army after adoption as their standard sniper rifle in 1988. It is also used by the Israeli Defence Forces. The M24 is referred to as a "weapons system" because it consists of not only a rifle, but also a detachable telescopic sight and other accessories.

The M24 was designed to use the "long-action" version of the Remington M700 BDL. This was chosen because the designers originally wished to use the powerful but militarily obsolete .30-06 Springfield (7.62x63mm) cartridge, as it was still in procurement channels. This was later replaced with the shorter 7.62x51mm NATO-standard cartridge. The action in the original model reportedly caused feeding problems if the 7.62mm ammunition wasn't seated firmly towards the back of the internal magazine.

It originally came tapped for the Leupold Ultra M3 10x40mm fixed-power scope, which came with a circle-shaped etched-glass reticle. This was later replaced in 1998 by the cheaper Leupold Mk.4 LR/T M3 10x40mm fixed-power scope with an oval-shaped wire reticle.[3]
N.B.: The first number is the scope's magnification (10) and the second number in millimeters (40mm) is the diameter of the objective lens. A fixed power scope has only one magnification (e.g., 10x) and a variable power scope can be adjusted to focus between a range of magnifications (e.g., 3-9x is adjustable from a minimum power of 3x to a maximum power of 9x).

It comes with a detachable Harris S-model swivel bipod unit.

The M24 SWS is to be replaced with the M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System, a contract awarded to Knight's Armament Company. However, the Army still plans on acquiring M24s from Remington until February 2010.[4]

Contents

Specifications

U.S. Army sniper team with the M24 SWS.

Sights: Leupold Ultra M3 10 x 40mm fixed power, Leupold Ultra M3A 10 x 40mm fixed power, or Leupold Mk.4 LR/T M3 10 x 40mm fixed power scope. Detachable emergency Redfield-Palma International back-up iron sights, fitted with tabs that fit into slots machined into the front and back of the barrel.

Barrel: Free-floating; made of 416R Stainless Steel. The bore twist is 1-turn-in-11.25 inches [1:285.75 mm] and the rifling is 5 radial lands and grooves (5-R) with a right-hand (RH) twist.

Stock: H-S Precision PST-11 stock. The stock secures the barrel via an aluminum bedding block to keep it rigid. A twin-strut extension that pulls out of the butt is adjustable for a 2-inch [50.8mm] length-of-pull. This is effected by a thick wheel on a central grooved pillar for adjusting the length and a thin locking ring behind it locks the thick wheel in place. The latter is notorious for failing, causing the extension to slide back and forth. Also a styrofoam core designed to reduce the stock's weight would absorb water if it was carried in the rain or soaked in a stream or river, making the weapon heavy and unbalanced.

Accuracy: According to MIL-R-71126(AR), the M24 shall achieve the accuracy results stated below when using M118 Special Ball and fired from a Government approved machine rest. The average mean radius shall be less than or equal to the following values:[1]

  • 200 yards (182.9 m): 1.3 inches
  • 200 metres (218.7 yd): 1.4 inches
  • 300 yards (274.3 m): 1.9 inches

Maximum effective range is given as 874 yards (800 meters), but record shots have been made with the M24 at over 1,000 metres (1,094 yd). Meanwhile, the standard optical sight has a maximum elevation adjustment of 1,000 metres (1,094 yd).

Match-Grade Ammunition

  • 7.62 x 51mm M118 Match Grade A 173-grain round.
  • 7.62 x 51mm M118LR Long Range A 175-grain round using Sierra MatchKing Hollow Point Boat Tail projectiles.
    • 7.62mm M118 Long Range Performance Data:
    • Muzzle velocity (nominal): 2,580 f/s (786 m/s)
    • Chamber pressure (typical): 52,000 psi (358.6 MPa)
    • Action time (max): 4 ms
    • Average horizontal spread at 1,000 meters: 10.3 in (0.984 MOA)
    • Average vertical spread at 1,000 meters: 14 in (1.337 MOA)[5]

According to JBM Ballistics,[6] using the G7 ballistic coefficient provided by Bryan Litz, the 7.62mm M118 Long Range 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge, when fired at its nominal muzzle velocity of 786 m/s (2,580 ft/s), should have approximately 878 m (960 yd) supersonic range under International Standard Atmosphere conditions at sea level (air density ρ = 1.225 kg/m3).

  • 7.62 x 51mm MK 316 MOD 0 Special Ball, Long Range A 175-grain round consisting of Sierra MatchKing Hollow Point Boat Tail projectiles, Federal Cartridge Company match cartridge cases and Gold Medal Match primers and an undisclosed modified extruded propellant. The 7.62 x 51mm MK 316 MOD 0 Special Ball, Long Range cartridges have an accuracy requirement based around 10-round shotgroups.
    • The average extreme spread radius for 10-round shotgroups shall be less than or equal to the following values:
    • 600 yd: 7.0 in (first Production Lot). This equates to a ≤ 1.1 MOA requirement at 548.6 m.
    • 300 yd: 3.5 in (after first Production Lot). This equates to a ≤ 1.1 MOA requirement at 274.3 m.

The maximum muzzle velocity standard deviation is set at 15 ft/s (4.57 m/s). Information published on acceptance tests regarding five MK 316 MOD 0 cartridge production lots indicated a sub 2.4 in at 300 yd performance. This equates to a sub 0.8 MOA performance at 274.3 m for the listed ammunition lots.[7]

M24 SWS system components (U.S. Army photo).

M24 Variants

XM24A1

An experimental variant rechambered for the .300 Winchester Magnum (7.62×67mm) round. It was not adopted by the US Army due to concerns that operatives in the field would not be able to acquire the special ammo. Also, the available .300 WinMag ammo that was procured sometimes misfired due to incompletely-burned propellant in the longer cartridge.

M24A2

Remington has developed an improved version of the M24 rifle, known as the M24A2. The A2 model features a detachable 10-round magazine, top-mounted and adjustable side-mounted Picatinny rails (advertised by Remington as "MARS", or Modular Accessory Rail System), barrel modifications designed to accommodate a sound suppressor, and an improved H-S Precision PST-25 stock with adjustable cheek height and length of pull. Existing M24s can also be converted into M24A2s, which replaces the stock and adds the new detachable magazine feed. The conversion requires a rebarreling of the weapon so it could take the OPS silencer.

M24A3

Remington has also developed the M24A3 SWS, a variant of the M24 chambered for the .338 Lapua Magnum round (8.58x70mm) and feeding from a 5-round detachable box magazine.[8] It comes tapped for the Leupold Mk. 4 M1LR/T 8.5 - 25 x 50mm Variable Power day scope. It can also use detachable front and rear Back-Up Iron Sights in an emergency (BUIS units are standard accessories that can be fitted to the Picatinny Rail that runs on the top of the receiver and along the barrel).

US Army 2009 solicitation for a M24 reconfiguration

The US Army has put out a solicitation in May 2009 for reconfiguring M24 Sniper Weapon Systems currently available in Army inventory consisting of a:[9]

  • Rebarreling/rechambering the SWS's barrel optimized to accommodate Mk 248 (DODIC A191) .300 Winchester Magnum ammunition.
  • Replacement of existing weaver rails with a MIL-STD-1913 rail capable of accommodating both a day optic and in-line forward mounted, AN/PVS-26 (NSN 5855-01-538-8121) image intensified (I2) night vision device.
  • Reconfiguring the stock with a stock that incorporates a detachable box magazine, adjustable comb and length of pull.
  • Addition of a detachable sound suppressor as well as any necessary barrel modifications required for a sound suppressor interface.
  • Replacement of the existing day optic sight (DOS) and rings with an Army specified variable power day optic and compatible rings.

The US government purchased MK 248 MOD 1 .300 Winchester Magnum match-grade ammunition in 2009 for use in .300 Winchester Magnum sniper rifles like the US Navy Mk.13 SWS or reconfigured M24 SWS's. This ammunition was developed as a .300 Winchester Magnum Match Product Improvement (PIP) and uses the 14.26 g (220 gr) Sierra MatchKing Hollow Point Boat Tail (HPBT) very-low-drag bullet fired at a nominal muzzle velocity of 869 m/s (2,850 ft/s) ± 15.2 m/s (50 ft/s). According to the US Navy this ammunition should increase the maximum effective range of .300 Winchester Magnum sniper rifle systems to 1,370 m (1,500 yd), decrease wind defection on bullets in flight and use a reduced muzzle flash propellant that remains temperature stable across an operational temperature range of -32 °C tot 74 °C (-25 °F to 165 °F).[10][11][12] According to JBM Ballistics,[13] using the G7 ballistic coefficient provided by Bryan Litz, the Mk 248 MOD 1 .300 Winchester Magnum cartridge, when fired at its nominal muzzle velocity of 869 m/s (2,850 ft/s), should have approximately 1,286 m (1,406 yd) supersonic range under International Standard Atmosphere conditions at sea level (air density ρ = 1.225 kg/m3).

Other Remington M700 Variants in US Service

USMC M40

The United States Marine Corps employs a variant of the Remington M700 bedded in a fiberglass McMillan Brothers stock called the M40 that is hand-built by USMC armorers at the Scout-Sniper school at Quantico. The main difference between the M40 and the M24 is that the M40 uses the "short action" version of the M700 BDL and the M24 uses the "long action" version. The M40's short receiver is dedicated to cartridges that do not exceed the length of the issue 7.62x51mm NATO round.

USN MK 13 Sniper Weapon System

MK 13 MOD 5 sniper rifle

The United States Navy uses the MK 13 Sniper Rifle that is shop-built by the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane Division (NSWC-Crane). This sniper rifle is based on a variant of the Remington M700 bolt action and is chambered for .300 Winchester Magnum. It was originally set in a McMillan Brothers A3 model stock, but the latest MK 13 MOD 5 variant is set in an Accuracy International Chassis System 2.0 (AICS 2.0) stock with a side-folding butt.

Users

IDF M-24 sniper rifle

See also

References

External links








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