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.This article is about the .50 caliber M2 machine gun.^ Heavy machine guns, such as the M2 .50 and Browning .50, are of this type.

^ Cartridge, Caliber .50, Incendiary, M23 Used by M2 and M85 machine guns.
  • .50 Caliber Browning (12.7 x 99 mm) Ammunition 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Cartriges" - 50 Caliber Bullet Cartridge Identification Specifications | Latest 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.my-bullet.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2 .50 Browning machine gun has been used for various roles: .
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For the .30-06 M2 machine gun, see M1919 Browning machine gun.
.Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ Also called .50 cal spotting gun, M8C. L41A1 7.62mm Machine Gun, drill (inoperable model L8).

^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun .
  • Mecha Image Of The Day » Archives » Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC miotd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.50, M2, HB
Machine gun M2 1.jpg
M2HB heavy machine gun on M3 tripod
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1921
M2HB from 1933–present
Used by United States, and list of users
Wars World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian-Vietnamese War
Falklands War
South African Border War
United States invasion of Panama
Gulf War
Somali Civil War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
Production history
Designed 1918[1]
Manufacturer Current: General Dynamics, Fabrique Nationale, US Ordnance, and Manroy Engineering
Former: Colt's Patent Fire Arms Company, High Standard Company, Savage Arms Corporation, Buffalo Arms Corporation, General Motors Corporation (Frigidaire, AC Spark Plug, Saginaw Steering, and Brown-Lipe-Chappin Divisions), Kelsey Hayes Wheel Company, Springfield Armory, Wayne Pump Company, ERMCO, and Ramo Manufacturing
Produced 1933–present (M2HB)
Specifications
Weight 38 kg (83.78 lb), 58 kg (127.87 lb) with tripod and T&E
Length 1,650 mm (65 in)
Barrel length 1,143 mm (45.0 in)

Cartridge .50 BMG
Action Short recoil-operated
Rate of fire 450-575 rounds/min (M2HB)
750–850 rounds/min (AN/M2)
1,200 rounds/min (AN/M3)
Muzzle velocity 2,910 feet per second (M33 Ball) (887.1 m/s)
Feed system Belt-fed (M2 or M9 links)
.The M2 Machine Gun, Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun, or "Ma Deuce" is a heavy machine gun designed towards the end of World War I by John Browning.^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Browning M2 .50 Cal MG .
  • Weapons of WWII : Militaria by Flume Creek 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.cafepress.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Military Calendars : Militaria by Flume Creek 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.cafepress.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Militaria by Flume Creek 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.cafepress.com [Source type: General]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M2 uses the .50 BMG cartridge, and is the source of its name (BMG standing for Browning Machine Gun).^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T22E2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Browning M2HB .50 caliber Machine Gun .
  • M2 M2HB Browning 50 caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.hk94.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The ammunition cartridges intended for machine guns are linked using metallic links.
  • 50 BMG Ammo Supply - 50 cal Ammunition for the rifle and machinegun" 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.50bmgsupply.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M2 was nicknamed Ma Deuce by U.S. Military personnel or simply called "fifty-cal."^ Ma Deuce Browning machinegun, Cal.
  • M2 .50 CAL. MACHINE GUN 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.olive-drab.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2 was nicknamed by United States Troops as Ma Deuce or simply referred to as "fifty-cal" in regards to its caliber.
  • Browning M2 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was designated as the M2, but most soldiers affectionately called it "Ma Deuce."
  • The Man Behind the Guns: John Moses Browning by Ron Shirtz 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC lewrockwell.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

in reference to its caliber. The design has had many specific designations; the official designation for the current infantry type is .Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ Also called .50 cal spotting gun, M8C. L41A1 7.62mm Machine Gun, drill (inoperable model L8).

^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun .
  • Mecha Image Of The Day » Archives » Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC miotd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.50, .M2, HB, Flexible
.^ M2, HB, Turret was only used for manufacturing, supply, and administration identification and separation from flexible M2s.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ M2, HB, Flexible, a fixed developed for use on the M6 Heavy Tank designated Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ M2, HB, Flexible , a fixed developed for use on the M6 Heavy Tank designated Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is effective against infantry, unarmored or lightly-armored vehicles and boats, light fortifications, and low-flying aircraft.^ This weapon can be used effectively against personnel, light armored vehicles; low, slow flying aircraft; and small boats.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Precise3D Support :: View topic - M2HB .50cal machinegun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.precise3d.com [Source type: General]
  • USMC weapons 1965 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.duprel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is effective against infantry, unarmored or lightly-armored vehicles and boats, light fortifications, and low-flying aircraft.
  • Browning Air cooled Heavy Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.huntingsociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ For use against light armor vehicles and aircraft with the additional tracer feature.
  • .50 Caliber Browning (12.7 x 99 mm) Ammunition 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Cartriges" - 50 Caliber Bullet Cartridge Identification Specifications | Latest 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.my-bullet.com [Source type: Academic]

.The Browning .50 caliber machine gun has been used extensively as a vehicle weapon and for aircraft armament by the United States from the 1920s to the present day.^ What was the first battle machine gun was used in?
  • WikiAnswers - 1919 browning machine gun maximum continuous firing time or number. As if you were being over run and had to keep firing until the gun stopped. 2000 rounds 4 minutes 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The official designation for this weapon was Browning Machine Gun, Aircraft, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.It was heavily used during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, as well as during operations in Iraq in the 1990s and 2000s.^ It was heavily used during World War II , Korean War , the Vietnam Conflict , as well as during operations in Iraq in the 1990s and 2000s.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was still used extensively, however, by allied troops during World War II and the Korean War.
  • machine gun,Browning M1919,M1919 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ukarms.com [Source type: Reference]
  • GunJunkie.net - Browning 1919 Machine Gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunjunkie.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 1919 HISTORY 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.1919bmg.us [Source type: Academic]

^ It was heavily used during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, as well as during operations in Iraq in the 1990s and 2000s.
  • Browning Air cooled Heavy Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.huntingsociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is the primary heavy machine gun of NATO countries, and has been used by many other countries as well.^ What was the first battle machine gun was used in?
  • WikiAnswers - 1919 browning machine gun maximum continuous firing time or number. As if you were being over run and had to keep firing until the gun stopped. 2000 rounds 4 minutes 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ I will be radio guy as well as machine gun guy.

^ As heavy machine gun (tripod) .
  • M.G. 34: German Infantry Weapons, WWII Military Intelligence Service, Special Series No. 14, May 25, 1943 (LoneSentry.com) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.lonesentry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is still in use today, with only a few modern improvements.^ Only the Navy still use it i think.
  • Belgian Small Arms Inventory [Archive] - Military Photos 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: Reference]

^ It is still in use today, with only a few modern improvements.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is still in use today.
  • Browning Air cooled Heavy Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.huntingsociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia: Small Arms 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC pwencycl.kgbudge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the exception of the M1911, the M2 has been in use longer than any other small arm in U.S. inventory.^ It was not designed for any use other than as a coax.

^ The M2 has been in use longer than any other small arm in U.S. inventory.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Today M2´s are mainly used by the Marine just like they are used in other Navies: as close-in protection because they punch nice holes into small boat hulls.
  • Browning Machine Guns/.50 Cal Weapons, page 1 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was very similar in design to the smaller M1919 Browning machine gun.^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The official designation for this weapon was Browning Machine Gun, Aircraft, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Eight Browning .50 machine guns.
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: The Fighters 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.telenet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M2 is currently manufactured by General Dynamics and Fabrique Nationale (FN) for the United States government.^ The M2 is currently manufactured by General Dynamics and FNH for the United States government.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Shortly thereafter, also from Belgium's Fabrique Nationale, the M240 general‐purpose machine gun in 7.65mm replaced the M60.
  • Weaponry, Marine Corps – FREE Weaponry, Marine Corps information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Weaponry, Marine Corps research 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Also covered are the Korean War era manufacturers that included the Springfield Armory and Wayne Pump and modern companies including RAMO, FN, ERMCO and General Dynamics.

.FN has been the manufacturer since John Browning worked for them in the 1910s and '20s to develop the machine gun.^ Eight Browning .50 machine guns.
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: The Fighters 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.telenet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Browning M2 Aircraft machine gun .
  • Rambo (2008) - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Browning M2HB machine gun; ranging gun .
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

[2]

Contents

History

.A variant without a water jacket, but with a thicker-walled, air-cooled barrel superseded the M2 (air-cooled barrels had already been used on variants for use on aircraft, but these quickly overheated in ground use).^ For use on the Twin/Quad Mounts, water cooled and aircraft guns.
  • BMGParts.com / .50 Caliber Semi Automatic Browning Machine Gun Parts & Accessories 15 September 2009 3:44 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M2 - Water-cooled variant .
  • Browning M2HB (Heavy Barrel) - Heavy Machine Gun - History, Specifications and Pictures - Infantry Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.militaryfactory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were variations for ground, air, and naval use.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This new variant was then designated the M2 HB (HB for Heavy Barrel).^ This new variant was then designated the M2 HB ( HB for Heavy Barrel ).
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This new variant was then designated the M2 HB (HB for Heavy Barrel).
  • Browning Air cooled Heavy Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.huntingsociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The added mass and surface area of the new barrel compensated, somewhat, for the loss of water-cooling, while reducing bulk and weight (the M2 weighed 121 lbs, with water, whereas the M2 HB weighs 84 lbs).
  • Browning Air cooled Heavy Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.huntingsociety.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The added mass and surface area of the new barrel compensated, somewhat, for the loss of water-cooling, while reducing bulk and weight (the M2 weighed 121 lb (55 kg), with water, whereas the M2 HB weighs 84 lb).^ Weight: 31 lb (14 kg).
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This new variant was then designated the M2 HB ( HB for Heavy Barrel ).
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This new variant was then designated the M2 HB (HB for Heavy Barrel).
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Due to the long procedure for changing the barrel, an improved system was developed called QCB (quick change barrel).^ Due to the long procedure for changing the barrel, an improved system was developed called QCB (quick change barrel).
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Due to the long procedure for changing the barrel, an improved system was developed called QCB (Quick change barrel).
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This too is a long over due change.
  • The M2A1 .50 Machine Gun and Lightweight M240L | The Firearm Blog 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.thefirearmblog.com [Source type: General]

.A lightweight version, weighing a mere 60 lb (27 kg) was also developed.^ A lightweight version, weighing 24 lb (11 kg) less " a mere 60 lb (27 kg) " was also developed.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A lightweight version, weighing 24 lb (11 kg) less—a mere 60 lb (27 kg)—was also developed.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A lightweight version, weighing a mere 60 lb (27 kg) was also developed.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[3]

Design details

.The Browning M2 is an air-cooled, belt-fed machine gun.^ The Browning machine gun caliber .50 HB, M2 is a belt-fed, recoil-operated,air-cooled, crew-served machine gun.
  • Online Army Study Guide – M2 - .50 Caliber Machine Gun | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Browning M2 air-cooled, automatic, belt fed, heavy machine gun was designed by John M. Browning and first produced in 1933.
  • RAMO M2 .50BMG With Mount 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.impactguns.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M2 fires from a closed bolt, operated on the short recoil principle.^ Open bolt operation, select fire.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Short recoil-operated .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2 is an air-cooled, belt-fed, machine gun that fires from a closed bolt, operated on the short recoil principle.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M2 fires the .50 BMG cartridge, which offers long range accuracy and good stopping power.^ The carbine fired a pistol cartridge and so was somewhat lacking in accuracy and stopping power.
  • The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia: Small Arms 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC pwencycl.kgbudge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also the 50 BMG is what is classified as an inefficient cartridge.

^ The M2 fires the .50 BMG cartridge, which offers long range accuracy and good stopping power .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.The M2 is a scaled-up version of John Browning's M1917 .30 caliber machine gun (even using the same timing gauges).^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T22E2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T35.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The M2 Machine Gun , or Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed just after World War I by John Browning .
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

Features

.The M2 has varying cyclic rates of fire, depending upon the model.^ Rate of fire, cyclic .

^ It has two different rates of fire, depending on the cyclic setting.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of Fire: Fully-Automatic 600-800 rounds/m, depending upon model.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M2HB (heavy barrel) air-cooled ground gun has a cyclic rate of 450-575 rounds per minute.^ It fires a 9x39mm round at a cyclic rate of 700 rounds per minute.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It fires a 9 x 18mm Makarov round at a cyclic rate of 700 rounds per minute.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Limited firing was conducted at rates up to 1,450 rounds per minute by Frigidaire.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .The early M2 water-cooled AA guns had a cyclic rate of around 450-600 rpm.^ The cyclic rate of the gun is too low.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has a cyclic rate of 800 rpm .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The early M2 water-cooled AA guns had a cyclic rate of around 450-600 rpm.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[5] .The AN/M2 aircraft gun has a cyclic rate of 750-850 rpm; this increases to 1,200 rpm or more for AN/M3 aircraft guns fitted with electric or mechanical feed boost mechanisms.^ Browning M2 Aircraft machine gun .
  • Rambo (2008) - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cyclic rate of the gun is too low.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M2 aircraft gun .
  • machine gun,Browning M1919,M1919 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ukarms.com [Source type: Reference]

[6] .These maximum rates of fire are generally not achieved in use, as sustained fire at that rate will wear out the bore within a few thousand rounds, necessitating replacement.^ Rate of Fire: 400600 rounds/min.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of Fire: 400450 rounds/min.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of fire, rounds/min .

.The M2HB's sustained rate of fire is considered to be anything less than 400 rounds per minute.^ It fires a 9x39mm round at a cyclic rate of 700 rounds per minute.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It fires a 9 x 18mm Makarov round at a cyclic rate of 700 rounds per minute.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of Fire: 400450 rounds/min.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Twin M2HB .50 caliber machine gun during a Pre-aimed Calibration Fire (PACFIRE) exercise.
.The M2 has a maximum range of 7.4 kilometers (4.55 miles), with a maximum effective range of 1.8 kilometers (1.2 miles) when fired from the M3 tripod.^ The M2 has a maximum range of almost 7 kilometers (4.2 miles), but its maximum effective range is roughly 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) when fired from a stable mount, such as a tripod or vehicle.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Maximum effective range .

^ Maximum effective ranges .

.In its ground-portable, crew-served role as the M2HB, the gun itself weighs in at a hefty 84 pounds (38 kg), and the assembled M3 tripod another 44 pounds (20 kg).^ Weight: 38 kg (58 kg w/ tripod).
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The complete gun weighs 84 pounds (38.2 kg), not counting any tripods or mounts, with a barrel weight of 24 Pounds (10.88 kg).

^ In its ground-portable, crew-served role, the gun itself weighs in at a hefty 84 pounds (38 kg), and the assembled M3 tripod another 44 pounds (20 kg).
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this configuration, the V-shaped "butterfly" trigger is located at the very rear of the weapon, with a "spade handle" hand-grip on either side of it and the bolt release the center.^ The "spade handles" are gripped and the trigger is depressed with one or both thumbs.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This gun is has a back plate with spade grips, trigger, and bolt latch release.
  • USMC weapons 1965 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.duprel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grip safety located on rear of pistol grip.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The spade handles are gripped and the butterfly trigger is depressed with one or both thumbs.^ The "spade handles" are gripped and the trigger is depressed with one or both thumbs.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He grasps the spade grips with both hands and places both thumbs in a position to press the trigger.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The spade handles are gripped and the butterfly trigger is depressed with one or both thumbs.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.Recently new rear buffer assemblies have used squeeze triggers mounted to the hand grips, doing away with the butterfly triggers.^ Recently new rear buffer assemblies have used squeeze triggers mounted to the hand grips, doing away with the butterfly triggers.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The new oil buffer tube lock assembly consists of two components riveted together, namely, oil buffer tube lock latch B284610, and oil buffer tube lock body B284606.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lower rail can be used to mount various attachments like tactical front grips, flash-lights, and a specially designed 40mm grenade launcher.

.When the bolt release is locked down by the bolt latch release lock on the buffer tube sleeve, the gun functions in fully automatic mode.^ Buffer tube sleeve .
  • M2 Browning MG .50 Caliber 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.sarcoinc.com [Source type: News]

^ The function of the latch is to prevent the oil buffer tube lock assembly from sliding rearward while the gun is functioning.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bolt latch release .
  • M2 Browning MG .50 Caliber 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.sarcoinc.com [Source type: News]

.Conversely, the bolt release can be unlocked into the up position resulting in single-shot firing (the gunner must press the bolt latch release to send the bolt forward).^ Rate of fire: Single shot .

^ Conversely, the bolt release can be unlocked into the up position resulting in single-shot firing (the gunner must press the bolt latch release to send the bolt forward).
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The bolt release must be pressed each time the weapon is fired to close the bolt and reload the weapon.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

.Unlike virtually all other modern machine guns, it has no safety (although a sliding safety switch has recently been fielded to USMC armorers for installation on their weapons).^ Machine guns - Early manual weapons .
  • small arm (military technology) :: Machine guns -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weapon No E:02.0157.14 Machine Gun Browning .
  • REME Weapons Collection - Machine Guns - 3 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.rememuseum.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Probably the most of any other machine gun.
  • GameFAQs: Call of Duty: Finest Hour (PS2) Weapons FAQ by retributiontomcat 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

.Troops in the field have been known to add an improvised safety measure against accidental firing by slipping an expended shell casing under the butterfly trigger.^ Troops in the field have been known to add an improvised safety measure against accidental firing by slipping an expended shell casing under the butterfly trigger.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The third position is, in any case, superfluous; with the selector set to automatic fire, a light squeeze on the trigger fires a single shot, and this can be repeated as often as wanted.

^ Troops in the field improvised all sorts of things, but it is difficult to know how widespread certain conversions were.
  • The Great HT Capacity Debate Part II [Archive] - Battlefront Forum 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.battlefront.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.Because the M2 was intentionally designed to be fit into many configurations, it can be adapted to feed from the left or right side of the weapon by exchanging the belt-holding pawls, and the front and rear cartridge stops (3-piece set to include link stripper), then reversing the bolt switch.^ When not in use, it fits into slides at the rear.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because the M2 was designed with intent in many configurations, it can be adapted to feed in rounds from the left or right side of the weapon by exchanging the belt-hold pawls, the front and rear cartridge stops and reversing the bolt slide guide.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Feeds from right hand side, and ejects to left side.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You must also convert the top-cover belt feed slide assembly from left to right hand feed as well as the spring and plunger in the feed arm.^ Feeds from right hand side, and ejects to left side.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Feed must be left or right hand without the addition of extra parts.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All guns must contain belt feed slide assembly B6261110 (fig.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This will take a well trained individual less that 2 minutes to perform.^ Like the L85A1, it is accurate and performs reasonably well on the range in England, but abysmally under less ideal conditions.
  • Pyramid: Designer's Notes: GURPS Modern Firepower 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.sjgames.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Capable of maintaining a sustained fire rate of 1 round per minute, the weapon could be fired at an increased rate of 1 round every 6 seconds (10 rpm) by a well trained crew.
  • USMC weapons 1965 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.duprel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The charging assembly may be changed from left to right hand charge.^ Ejection can be easily changed from right to left.
  • Pyramid: Designer's Notes: GURPS Modern Firepower 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.sjgames.com [Source type: Academic]

^ On the right side was the charging handle and on the left was the manual trigger.

^ Feeds from right hand side, and ejects to left side.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A right hand charging handle spring, lock wire and a little know how are all that are required to accomplish this.^ The bolt, gas piston yoke, driving spring, rear buffer, magazine interlock, safety lock, and ejector are all housed in the receiver.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He fires the gun with his left foot while his right foot works the breech pedal that is used to lock the gun in traverse, releasing the right hand to feed clips of ammunition to the magazine."
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you pick STR of less than 5, hoping to make it up with "weapon handling" later, you can't use any of the 2-handed weapons for half the game, and how can you be a sniper without 2-handed weapons?
  • Fallout Tactics walkthrough - solution 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.the-spoiler.com [Source type: General]

.The weapon can be battle ready and easily interchanged if the weapon is fitted with a retracting slide assembly on both sides of the weapon system to eliminate the need to have the weapon taken in to accomplish this task.^ They are both manned by a dedicated crewman positioned in the rear of the cabin who operates a fire-control system that combines the video feeds and weapons control.
  • Defense Tech: Osprey to Deploy With New Firepower 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

^ Not only was this notoriously slow long-recoil system of operation used but an additional delay was built into this weapon in the partial retraction of the barrel.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The weapons were aimed using an N-3B optical gunsight fitted with an A-1 head assembly which allowed it to be used as a gun or bomb sight through varying the angle of the reflector glass.
  • Chanute Air Museum 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.aeromuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Living Warbirds: Raw Action - Warbirds/Vintage Airplane Videos 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.livingwarbirds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ammunition

.There are several different types of ammunition used in the M2HB and AN aircraft guns.^ Note that guns are usually able to fire several types of ammunition, and different types of ammunition were usually mixed.
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: Gun Tables 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.skynet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: Gun Tables 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.telenet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are several different types of ammunition used in the M2HB and AN aircraft guns.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There are several types of AAVs: .

.From World War II through the Vietnam War, the big Browning was used with standard ball, armor-piercing (AP), armor-piercing incendiary (API), and armor-piercing incendiary tracer (APIT) rounds.^ There are several different types of ammunition used in the M2HB. From World War II through the Vietnam War, the M2 was issued with standard ball, armor-piercing (AP), armor-piercing incendiary (API), and armor-piercing incendiary tracer (APIT) rounds.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Marine Corps used them through much of World War II. .
  • Unofficial, Unabridged Dictionary For Marines - An attempt to capture the lexicon of the United States Marine Corps 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC oldcorps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was heavily used during World War II, Korean .

.All .50 ammunition designated "armor-piercing" was required to completely perforate 0.875" (22.2 mm) of hardened steel armor plate at a distance of 100 yards (91 m), and 0.75" (19 mm) at 547 yards (500 m).^ So I set up a .7" armor plate at 500 yards and the .50 penetrates it.
  • Damage Model. - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC forums.ubi.com [Source type: General]

^ All .50 ammunition designated "armor-piercing" was required to completely perforate 0.875" (22.2 mm) of hardened steel armor plate at a distance of 100 yards (91 m), and 0.75" (19 mm) at 547 yards (500 m).
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Damage Model. - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC forums.ubi.com [Source type: General]

^ Current ammunition types include: M33 Ball (706.7 grain) for personnel and light material targets, M17 tracer, M8 API (622.5 grain), M20 API-T (619 grain), and M962 SLAP-T. The latter ammunition along with the M903 SLAP (Saboted Light Armor Penetrator) round can perforate 1.34 in (34 mm) of HHA (high hard armor, or face-hardened steel plate) at 500 meters, 0.91 in (23 mm) at 1,200 meters, and 0.75 in (19 mm) at 1,500 meters.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[8] .The API and APIT rounds left a flash, report, and smoke on contact, useful in detecting strikes on enemy targets; they were primarily intended to incapacitate thin-skinned and lightly armored vehicles and aircraft, while igniting their fuel tanks.^ TANKS AND ARMORED VEHICLES 1900-1945.
  • IDSA BOOKS LLC:Site Map 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.idsabooks.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was designed for use in tanks and aircraft.
  • REME Weapons Collection - Machine Guns - 3 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.rememuseum.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To detect targets using the AN/TVS-5.

[9]
.Current ammunition types include: M33 Ball (706.7 grain) for personnel and light material targets, M17 tracer, M8 API (622.5 grain), M20 API-T (619 grain), and M962 SLAP-T. The latter ammunition along with the M903 SLAP (Saboted Light Armor Penetrator) round can perforate 1.34 in (34 mm) of HHA (high hard armor, or face-hardened steel plate) at 500 meters, 0.91 in (23 mm) at 1,200 meters, and 0.75 in (19 mm) at 1,500 meters.^ All .50 ammunition designated "armor-piercing" was required to completely perforate 0.875" (22.2 mm) of hardened steel armor plate at a distance of 100 yards (91 m), and 0.75" (19 mm) at 547 yards (500 m).
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The ammunition represented the most modern armor-piercing, high-explosive and ball-with-tracer types.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Armor Penetration: 150 mm and more.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is achieved by using a .30 inch diameter tungsten penetrator.^ This is achieved by using a .30 inch diameter tungsten penetrator.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The HEDP round is capable of penetrating 8 inches (20 cm) of concrete, 12 inches (30 cm) of brick, or up to 7 feet (210 cm) of wood-reinforced sandbags.
  • Boston University School of Theology 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ To achieve the higher velocity, the tube diameter was increased to 5 cm and 134 g of propellant used.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The SLAP-T adds a tracer charge to the base of the ammunition.^ The SLAP-T adds a tracer charge to the base of the ammunition.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

This ammunition was type classified in 1993.[10][11]
.When firing blanks, a large blank-firing adapter (BFA) must be used to keep the gas pressure high enough to allow the action to cycle.^ When firing blanks, the M13 or M13A1 blank-firing adaptor (BFA) is necessary in order to produce enough gas pressure to cycle the weapon with blanks.
  • M60 machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ukarms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When firing blanks, a large blank-firing adapter (BFA) must be used to keep the gas pressure high enough to allow the action to cycle.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Although all equipment issued must be returned when you leave the service, soldiers keep the equipment at home, ready for use.
  • King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) - Equipment 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.kingsown.ca [Source type: Academic]

.The adapter is very distinctive, attaching to the muzzle with three rods extending back to the base.^ The adapter is very distinctive, attaching to the muzzle with three rods extending back to the base.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A three-legged cat can climb a ladder, too, but he can't get back down and looks very silly sitting on a paint bucket 10 feet up.
  • More video of the Big Dog military pack-bot - Boing Boing Gadgets 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC gadgets.boingboing.net [Source type: General]

^ I was shot down three times and I crashed one that ploughed into the line back at base and wiped out another F4U. .
  • Chance Vought F4U Corsair Warbird Airplane Videos and Pictures - Living Warbirds: The Best Warbird Airplane Videos - World War II Airplanes to Modern Jet Fighters - FREE - Warbird Videos, Warbird Pictures, Warbird Information, Vintage Military Aircraft Video Clips, Warbird Aircraft Video - The Best Warbirds DVD Series 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.livingwarbirds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The BFA can often be seen on M2s during peacetime operations.^ The BFA can often be seen on M2s during peacetime operations.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2 machine gun is often employed on its vehicular mount during both offensive and defensive operations.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

Deployment

An M2 fired from a rigid-hulled inflatable boat.
A U.S. Marine mans a .50 caliber machine gun as part of a security force during an exercise
The M2 .50 Browning machine gun has been used for various roles:
.
  • A medium infantry support weapon
  • As an anti-aircraft (AA) gun in some ships; up to six M2 guns could be mounted on the same turret.
  • As an anti-aircraft gun on the ground.^ Browning M2 Aircraft machine gun .
    • Rambo (2008) - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A coaxially mounted 7.62 mm machine gun and a 7.62 mm anti-aircraft machine gun are also mounted.
    • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This weapon was called the Semag infantry gun.
    • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The original water-cooled version of the M2 was used on a tall AA tripod or vehicle-mounted anti-aircraft weapon on a sturdy pedestal mount.^ For use on the Twin/Quad Mounts, water cooled and aircraft guns.
    • BMGParts.com / .50 Caliber Semi Automatic Browning Machine Gun Parts & Accessories 15 September 2009 3:44 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The original water-cooled version of the M2 was used on a tall AA tripod or vehicle-mounted anti-aircraft weapon on a sturdy pedestal mount.
    • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ This vehicle mount was primarily designed for the M2.
    • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

    .In later variants, twin and quadruple M2HB Brownings were used, such as the M45 Quadmount used on the US M16 half-track carrier.^ In later variants, twin and quadruple M2HB Brownings were used, such as the quad .50 AA mount used on the US M16 half-track carrier.
    • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In later variants, twin and quadruple M2HB Brownings were used, such as the M45 Quadmount used on the US M16 half-track carrier.
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ A quadruple mount of four .50 M2HB guns with a single gunner situated behind an armored housing was used by U.S. AA battalions in either a towed trailer or mounted in a half-track carrier (M16 AA half-track).
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    .Twin or quad-mount .50 M2 guns normally used alternating left-hand and right-hand feed.
  • Primary or secondary weapon on an armored fighting vehicle.
  • Primary or secondary weapon on a naval patrol boat.
  • Spotting for the primary weapon on some armored fighting vehicles.
  • Secondary weapon for anti-boat defense on large naval vessels (corvettes, frigates, destroyers, cruisers, etc).
  • Coaxial gun or independent mounting in some tanks.
  • Fixed-mounted primary armament in World War II-era U.S. aircraft such as the P-47 Thunderbolt, P-51 Mustang, and the Korean-era U.S. F-86 Sabre.
  • Fixed or flexible-mounted defensive armament in World War II-era bombers such as the B-17 Flying Fortress, and B-24 Liberator.
  • A M2 modified to fire single shots and hold a scope was used by Carlos Hathcock as a sniper weapon during the Vietnam War, proving the .50 caliber round's usefulness as an effective anti-personnel/anti-material round.^ Rate of fire: Single shot .

    ^ U.S. Marines man pintle-mounted M2HB machine guns The M2 machine gun was widely used during World War II and in later postwar conflicts as a remote or flexible aircraft gun.
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
    • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Carlos Hathcock used his modified M2 to create the record for the longest sniper kill, a record that stood until the current War in Afghanistan.

United States

.At the outbreak of the Second World War the United States had versions of the M2 in service as fixed aircraft guns, anti-aircraft defensive guns (on aircraft, ships, or boats), infantry (tripod-mounted) guns, and as dual purpose anti-aircraft and anti-vehicular weapons on vehicles.^ World War, 1939-1945 - United States.
  • Search Results 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.awm.gov.au [Source type: Reference]

^ World War II American infantry weapons .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ M3 Aircraft Gun Mounts 50BMG .
  • Auction Arms - Guns For Sale : Class III 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.auctionarms.com [Source type: General]

[12][13]
A U.S. soldier in Normandy stands guard with the M2HB installed on a dual-purpose mounting.
.The .50 AN/M2 light-barrel aircraft Browning was used in planes had a rate of fire of approximately 800 rounds per minute, and was used singly or in groups of up to eight guns for aircraft ranging from the P-47 Thunderbolt to the B-25 Mitchell bomber.^ The .50 AN/M2 light-barrel aircraft Browning was used in planes, had a rate of fire of approximately 800 rounds per minute, and was used singly or in groups of up to eight guns for aircraft ranging from the P-47 Thunderbolt to the B-25 Mitchell bomber.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It fires a 9x39mm round at a cyclic rate of 700 rounds per minute.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the dual-purpose vehicle mount, the M2HB (heavy barrel) proved extremely effective in U.S. service: the Browning's .50 caliber AP and API rounds could easily penetrate the engine block or fuel tanks of a German Bf 109 fighter attacking at low altitude,[14] or perforate the hull plates and fuel tanks of a German half-track or light armored car.^ Browning .50 cal M2 heavy barrel machine guns .

^ In the dual-purpose vehicle mount, the M2HB (heavy barrel) proved extremely effective in U.S. service: the Browning's .50 caliber AP and API rounds could easily penetrate the engine block or fuel tanks of a German ME-109 fighter attacking at low altitude, or perforate the hull plates and fuel tanks of a German half-track or light armored car.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the dual-purpose vehicle mount, the M2HB (heavy barrel) proved extremely effective in U.S. service: the Browning's .50 caliber AP and API rounds could easily penetrate the engine block or fuel tanks of a German Bf 109 fighter attacking at low altitude, [ 13 ] or perforate the hull plates and fuel tanks of a German half-track or light armored car .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[8][15][16] .While the dual-purpose mounting was undeniably useful, it did normally require the operator to stand when using the M2 in a ground role, exposing him to return fire.^ While the dual-purpose mounting was undeniably useful, it did normally require the operator to stand when using the M2 in a ground role, exposing him to return fire.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is used to fire the gun when it is installed in the mount.
  • Bill Ricca's Class Three Items 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.billricca.com [Source type: General]

^ The anti-aircraft firing position uses a standing position when firing from the M63 mount.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

[17] .Units in the field often modified the mountings on their vehicles, especially tanks and tank destroyers, to provide more operator protection in the anti-vehicular and anti-personnel role.^ Units in the field often modified the mountings on their vehicles, especially tanks and tank destroyers, to provide more operator protection in the anti-vehicular and anti-personnel role.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Maybe a semi-mobile checkpoint like in Baghdad for vehicle interdiction, but then again: you can use a humvee or tank mounted .50 just as easily.
  • ARMY looking to replace "ma deuce" - TheFiringLine Forums 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC thefiringline.com [Source type: General]

^ Towards the end of the war, as Luftwaffe attacks grew more infrequent, the quad .50 (nicknamed the Meat Chopper ) was increasingly used in an anti-personnel role, similarly to the more powerful German 20mm Flakvierling .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[18] .The weapon was particularly hated by the Germans, whose attacks against otherwise helpless stalled motor convoys were frequently broken up by .50 caliber machine gun fire.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eight Browning .50 machine guns.
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: The Fighters 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.telenet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T25E1.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19][20]
.Besides vehicle-mounted weapons, the heavy weapons companies in a WWII Army infantry battalion or regiment were each issued one M2 Browning with tripod (ground) mount.^ Mounted on heavy factory tripod.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This vehicle mount was primarily designed for the M2.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Besides vehicle-mounted weapons, the heavy weapons companies in a WWII Army infantry battalion or regiment were each issued one M2 Browning with tripod (ground) mount.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[21] .Mounted on a heavily-sandbagged tripod, the M2HB proved very useful in either a defensive role or to interdict or block road intersections from use by German infantry and motorized forces.^ German MG34 on tripod mount .
  • http://www.rjproducts.com/Catalogs/Tahk_Models/Tahk_Models.html 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.rjproducts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mounted on a heavily-sandbagged tripod, the M2HB proved very useful in either a defensive role or to interdict or block road intersections from use by German infantry and motorized forces.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Germans used them for all roles.
  • ROBOTECH.COM - The Official Robotech Web Site! 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.robotech.com [Source type: General]

[22] .The hammering of a heavy Browning could usually be relied upon to put a German infantry company face-down in the dirt.^ The hammering of a heavy Browning could usually be relied upon to put a German infantry company face-down in the dirt.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ With it would come the very real threat of increased fatalities from a system that could chew through ranks upon ranks of advancing infantry with presses of the trigger.

^ The design has had many specific designations- the official designation for the infantry type is Browning Machine Gun, Heavy Barrel, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

[23] .There are numerous instances of the M2 Browning being used against enemy personnel, particularly infantry assaults[24] or for interdiction or elimination of enemy artillery observers or snipers at distances too great for ordinary infantry weapons.^ Rockets are also great against a group of enemies.
  • Fallout Tactics walkthrough - solution 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.the-spoiler.com [Source type: General]

^ There are numerous instances of the M2 Browning being used against enemy personnel, particularly infantry assaults or for interdiction or elimination of enemy artillery observers or snipers at distances too great for ordinary infantry weapons.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are numerous instances of the M2 Browning being used against enemy personnel, particularly infantry assaults [ 23 ] or for interdiction or elimination of enemy artillery observers or snipers at distances too great for ordinary infantry weapons.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[25][26][27]
.A quadruple mount of four .50 M2HB guns with a single gunner situated behind an armored housing was used by U.S. AA battalions in either a towed trailer or mounted in a half-track carrier (M16 AA half-track).^ In later variants, twin and quadruple M2HB Brownings were used, such as the quad .50 AA mount used on the US M16 half-track carrier.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A quadruple mount of four .50 M2HB guns with a single gunner situated behind an armored housing was used by U.S. AA battalions in either a towed trailer or mounted in a half-track carrier (M16 AA half-track).
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A quadruple mount of four .50 M2HB guns with a single gunner situated behind an armored pod was used by U.S. AA battalions in either a towed trailer or mounted in a half-track carrier (M16 AA half-track).
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With 200 rounds per gun in a powered tracking mount, the guns proved very effective against low-flying aircraft.^ M3 Aircraft Gun Mounts 50BMG .
  • Auction Arms - Guns For Sale : Class III 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.auctionarms.com [Source type: General]

^ X 50 caliber guns with 200 rounds of ammunition per gun (1,600 rounds) .

^ With 200 rounds per gun in a powered tracking mount, the guns proved very effective against low-flying aircraft.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.Towards the end of the war, as Luftwaffe attacks grew more infrequent, the quad .50 (nicknamed the Meat Chopper) was increasingly used in an anti-personnel role, similarly to the more powerful German 20mm Flakvierling.^ Towards the end of the war, as Luftwaffe attacks grew more infrequent, the quad .50 (nicknamed the Meat Chopper) was increasingly used in an anti-personnel role.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the end of the war, as Luftwaffe attacks grew more infrequent, the quad .50 (nicknamed the Meat Chopper ) was increasingly used in an anti-personnel role, similarly to the more powerful German 20mm Flakvierling .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ M16 .50 AA Quad aka the 'Meat Chopper' .
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Snipers firing from trees were engaged by the quad gunner at trunk level - the weapon would cut down and destroy the entire tree, and the sniper with it.^ Snipers firing from trees were engaged by the quad gunner at trunk level - the weapon would cut down and destroy the entire tree, and the sniper with it.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The gun was weighed in at +120 lbs and Sly could physically carry and fire it, but it was so cumbersome and slow that it cut down the action too much.
  • Rambo (2008) - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If possible, the gunner should keep the same weapon he used for practice fire.

[23][28]
M16 .50 AA Quad aka the 'Meat Chopper'
.The M2HB was not widely used in the Pacific campaign, due to several factors, including weight, the inherent nature of infantry jungle combat, and because road intersections were usually easily outflanked.^ M16 .50 AA Quad aka the 'Meat Chopper' The M2HB was not widely used in the Pacific campaign, due to several factors, including weight, the inherent nature of infantry jungle combat, and because road intersections were usually easily outflanked.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2HB was not widely used in the Pacific campaign, due to several factors, including weight, the inherent nature of infantry jungle combat, and because road intersections were usually easily outflanked.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both machine guns were used to devastating effect on aircraft in the Second World War, and the B.A.R., because of its ruggedness and portability, proved especially effective in jungle warfare in the Pacific theater of that war.

[29] .However, it was used by fast-moving motorized forces in the Philippines to destroy Japanese blocking units on the advance to Manila.^ However, it was used by fast-moving motorized forces in the Philippines to destroy Japanese blocking units on the advance to Manila.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, it was used by fast-moving motorized forces in the Phillippines to destroy Japanese blocking units on the advance to Manila.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the Battle of Midway Douglas Devastors proved obsolete and most were destroyed by anti-aircraft fire and Japanese Zero fighter aircraft, and the Douglas Devastor was subsequently relegated to use as a trainer aircraft.

[22] .The quad mount .50 was also used to destroy Japanese emplacements.^ The quad mount .50 was also used to destroy Japanese emplacements.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ At the Battle of Midway Douglas Devastors proved obsolete and most were destroyed by anti-aircraft fire and Japanese Zero fighter aircraft, and the Douglas Devastor was subsequently relegated to use as a trainer aircraft.

^ However, it was used by fast-moving motorized forces in the Philippines to destroy Japanese blocking units on the advance to Manila.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[28]
.The M2HB saw service in both Korea and Vietnam.^ The M2HB saw service in both Korea and Vietnam.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The M2HB saw service in both Korea and Vietnam .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ After WWII, it saw limited service in Korea, and was carried unofficially by a scattering of soldiers in Vietnam.
  • GameFAQs: Call of Duty: Finest Hour (PS2) Weapons FAQ by retributiontomcat 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

.In 2003, during the Iraq War, U.S. Army SFC Paul Ray Smith used his M2HB mounted on an M113 armored personnel carrier to kill twenty to fifty enemy who were attacking a U.S. Army outpost, saving an aid station from being overrun and allowing wounded soldiers to be evacuated,[30] SFC Smith gave his life to save his fellow soldiers and was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.^ It was widely used by the American Army during the Vietnam War.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Type Armored personnel carrier .

^ Saving an aid station from being overrun and allowing wounded soldiers to be evacuated, [ 29 ] SFC Smith gave his life to save his fellow soldiers and was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

Commonwealth forces

.Commonwealth use of the M2 Browning .50 caliber machine gun (known as the .5 Browning in British and Commonwealth service) was limited in the Second World War, though from 1942 it was standard armament on US-built AFVs provided under lend-lease such as the M4 Sherman, M7 Priest, M8 Greyhound, or M10 Wolverine variously used by British, Canadian, Australian, South African and New Zealand units.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T22E2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T35.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, the heavy Browning's effectiveness was praised by many British and Commonwealth soldiers in infantry, armored, and ordnance branches.^ Nevertheless, the heavy Browning's effectiveness was praised by many British and Commonwealth soldiers in infantry, armored, and ordnance branches.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The design has had many specific designations- the official designation for the infantry type is Browning Machine Gun, Heavy Barrel, Cal.
  • M2 Machine Gun at AllExperts 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ After the war many Brens were converted to the NATO 7.62 (.308) calibre, and continued in British and Commonwealth service.
  • Gun Debate [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31][32] .Many commanders thought the .50 Browning the best weapon in its class, certainly the best of the American weapons, including the M1 Garand and carbine.^ Many commanders thought the .5 Browning the best weapon in its class, certainly the best of the American weapons, including the M1 Garand and carbine.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A carbine version of the Garand, the M1 Carbine, was also introduced.
  • The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia: Small Arms 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC pwencycl.kgbudge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M1 Garand in-game M1 Carbine .
  • Call of Duty: World at War - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32][33] .In North Africa, after Commonwealth units began to obtain sufficient parts, manuals, gauges, and ammunition for the new weapon, the .50 Browning was increasingly used, eventually replacing the 15 mm Besa,[32] but in Italy was often deleted from top turret mountings because the mount exposed the operator to low branches and enemy fire.^ In North Africa, after Commonwealth units began to obtain sufficient parts, manuals, gauges, and ammunition for the new weapon, the .50 Browning was increasingly used, eventually replacing the 15 mm Besa, [ 31 ] but in Italy was often deleted from top turret mountings because the mount exposed the operator to low branches and enemy fire.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Is one of wanting a new weapon to replace Ma Deuce because....
  • Defense Tech: 'Ma Deuce' Days May be Numbered 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

^ In North Africa, after Commonwealth units began to obtain sufficient parts, manuals, gauges, and ammunition for the new weapon, the .5 Browning was increasingly used, eventually replacing the 15mm Besa, but in Italy was often deleted from top turret mountings because the mount exposed the operator to low branches and enemy fire.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34] .Some SAS units used the aircraft (AN/M2) version of the gun, while turret-mounted .5 Brownings were used later in the war in such aircraft as the Lancaster bomber.^ The M2 .50 Browning machine gun has been used for various roles: .
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Armament M2 Browning machine gun .

^ Browning aircraft machine guns.
  • NRA-ILA :: The Great Arsenal of Democracy 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.nraila.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the Second World War, the .50 Browning continued to see action in Korea and other theaters, in aircraft, tripod (ground), ground AA (hip-ring), and vehicle mounts.^ After the Second World War, the .5 Browning continued to see action in Korea and other theaters, in aircraft, tripod (ground), and vehicle mounts.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Browning .50 Cal M2 Aircraft .
  • PT Boat Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 Aircraft Dimensions 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the Second World War, the .50 Browning continued to see action in Korea and other theaters, in aircraft, tripod (ground), ground AA (hip-ring), and vehicle mounts.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.One of its most notable actions in a ground role was in a fierce battle with a nine-man SAS team at the Battle of Mirbat in Oman in July 1972, where the heavy Browning and its API ammunition was used to help repulse an assault by 250 Yemeni Adoo guerrillas, though the more famous weapon from the battle is a 25 pounder gun.^ The M2 .50 Browning machine gun has been used for various roles: .
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of its most notable actions in a ground role was in a fierce battle with a nine-man SAS team at the Battle of Mirbat in Oman in July 1972, where the heavy Browning and its API ammunition was used to help repulse an assault by 250 Yemeni Adoo guerrillas.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of its most notable actions in a ground role was in a fierce battle with a nine-man SAS team at the Battle of Mirbat in Oman in July 1972, where the heavy Browning and its API ammunition was used to help repulse an assault by 250 Yemeni Adoo guerrillas, though the more famous weapon from the battle is a 25 pounder gun .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[35]
.50 caliber .Brownings were installed along with a .30 caliber in the compact one-man turrets on M113 APCs used by the Royal Australian Armoured Corps in South Vietnam.^ Brownings were fitted, with a .30 caliber, in the compact one-man turrets on M113 APCs used by the Royal Australian Armoured Corps in South Vietnam.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The same purpose is served by a similar part on the U.S. Browning caliber .30 M2 aircraft machine gun.
  • M.G. 34: German Infantry Weapons, WWII Military Intelligence Service, Special Series No. 14, May 25, 1943 (LoneSentry.com) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.lonesentry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Handbook of the Browning machine gun, model of 1917, caliber .30, water-cooled / Office of the Chief of Ordnance.
  • Search Results 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.awm.gov.au [Source type: Reference]

M2 as a sniper rifle

.The M2 machine gun has also been used as a long-range sniper rifle, when equipped with a telescopic sight.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the M2 .50 Cal machine gun used for?
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2 .50 Browning machine gun has been used for various roles: .
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Soldiers during the Korean War used scoped M2s in the role of a sniper rifle, but the practice was most notably used by US Marine Corps sniper Carlos Hathcock during the Vietnam War.^ It was widely used by the American Army during the Vietnam War.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US Marine Corps in 1943.
  • US Weapons of WWII [Archive] - Avalon Hill Boards 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC boards.avalonhill.com [Source type: Academic]
  • US Weapons of WWII - Avalon Hill Boards 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC boards.avalonhill.com [Source type: Academic]

^ US Marine Corps adopted the M61A2 rifle.

.Using an Unertl telescopic sight and a mounting bracket of his own design, Hathcock could quickly convert the M2 into a sniper rifle, using the traversing-and-elevating (T & E) mechanism attached to the tripod to assist in aiming at stationary targets.^ This vehicle mount was primarily designed for the M2.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Gun traverses well on mount, and mount elevation mechanism functions well.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M2 as a sniper rifle .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.When firing semi-automatically, Hathcock accurately hit man-size targets beyond 2000 yards—twice the range of a standard-caliber sniper rifle of the time (a .30-06 Winchester Model 70).^ The rifle fires a 7.62x51mm round in semi-automatic mode only.
  • Ghost Recon Retreat: Ghost Recon 1 Weapons 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ghostrecon.3dretreat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When firing semi-automatically (possible because of the M2's low cyclic rate), Hathcock could accurately hit man-size targets at up to 2000 yards — twice the range of a rifle-caliber sniper rifle.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Browning Automatic Rifle, Caliber .30, M1918A2 .
  • HyperWar: U.S. Army Field Manuals 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: Academic]

In fact, Hathcock set the record for the longest confirmed kill at 2,250 m (2,460 yd), a record which stood until 2002.[36][37]

Variants and derivatives

M2 variants

An M2HB in the French Foreign Legion's 2nd Infantry Regiment during an exercise
An M2HB
.The basic M2 was deployed in US service in a number of subvariants, all with separate complete designations as per the US Army system.^ First of all, the US Army designations were religiously changed (i.e.
  • The Great HT Capacity Debate Part II [Archive] - Battlefront Forum 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.battlefront.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The basic M2 was deployed in US service in a number of subvariants, all with separate complete designations as per the US Army system.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is of unusual interest to note that the official armament of the Swiss service was all designed by Furrer and government produced.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The basic designation as mentioned in the introduction is .Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ Also called .50 cal spotting gun, M8C. L41A1 7.62mm Machine Gun, drill (inoperable model L8).

^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun .
  • Mecha Image Of The Day » Archives » Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC miotd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.50, .M2, with others as described below.^ M2, with others as described below.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There are other weapons which are more portable and fill the niches below the M2; M249, M240, etc.
  • Defense Tech: 'Ma Deuce' Days May be Numbered 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

.The development of the M1921 water-cooled machine gun which led to the M2, meant that the initial M2s were in fact water-cooled.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Armament M2 Browning machine gun .

^ The Browning M2 is an air-cooled , belt-fed machine gun .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

These weapons were designated .Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ Also called .50 cal spotting gun, M8C. L41A1 7.62mm Machine Gun, drill (inoperable model L8).

^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun .
  • Mecha Image Of The Day » Archives » Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC miotd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.50, .M2, Water-Cooled, Flexible.^ Barrel, M2 .50 cal., Water Cooled, 36".
  • BMGParts.com / .50 Caliber Semi Automatic Browning Machine Gun Parts & Accessories 15 September 2009 3:44 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M2 Water Cooled Rear Packing Gland Wrench.
  • BMGParts.com / .50 Caliber Semi Automatic Browning Machine Gun Parts & Accessories 15 September 2009 3:44 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The development of the M1921 water-cooled machine gun which led to the M2, meant that the initial M2s were in fact water-cooled.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.There was no fixed water-cooled version.^ There was no fixed water-cooled version.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The American medium machine gun was the 0.30 Browning M1919, which came in both water-cooled and air-cooled versions.
  • The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia: Small Arms 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC pwencycl.kgbudge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The .50 cal Browning was also available in a water-cooled version.
  • ROBOTECH.COM - The Official Robotech Web Site! 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.robotech.com [Source type: General]

.Improved air-cooled heavy barrel versions came in three subtypes.^ Improved air-cooled heavy barrel versions came in three subtypes.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The three principal versions were water-cooled, aircraft, and heavy barrel.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Browning M2 air-cooled, automatic, belt fed, heavy machine gun was designed by John M. Browning and first produced in 1933.
  • RAMO M2 .50BMG With Mount 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.impactguns.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The basic infantry model, .Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ Also called .50 cal spotting gun, M8C. L41A1 7.62mm Machine Gun, drill (inoperable model L8).

^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • M2 Browning 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun .
  • Mecha Image Of The Day » Archives » Real Life: Humvee with M2 Browning machine gun 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC miotd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.50, .M2, HB, Flexible, a fixed developed for use on the M6 Heavy Tank designated Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ For the .30-06 M2 machine gun, see M1919 Browning machine gun .
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Heavy machine guns are typically designed for sustained fire.
  • Half the Battle: 1984 Characters 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC halfbattle.com [Source type: General]

.50, .M2, HB, Fixed, and a "turret type" whereby "Flexible" M2s were modified slightly for use in tank turrets.^ M2, HB, Turret was only used for manufacturing, supply, and administration identification and separation from flexible M2s.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ M2, HB, Fixed, and a "turret type" whereby "Flexible" M2s were modified slightly for use in tank turrets.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The M2 .50 Cal., M48 turret type, fixed type, and soft mount are installed on mounts of several different types of combat vehicles and ships.
  • USMC weapons 1965 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.duprel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The official designation for this weapon was Browning Machine Gun, Aircraft, Cal.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ BROWNING MACHINE GUN, CAL 30, M1919A5.
  • TM9-1205 BROWNING MACHINE GUN, Section I 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.kmike.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.50, .M2, HB, Turret was only used for manufacturing, supply, and administration identification and separation from flexible M2s.^ M2, HB, Turret was only used for manufacturing, supply, and administration identification and separation from flexible M2s.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ M2, HB, Fixed, and a "turret type" whereby "Flexible" M2s were modified slightly for use in tank turrets.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There they would study not only the gun's mechanism but likewise the accepted methods used for its manufacture.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A number of additional subvariants were developed after the end of the Second World War.^ A number of additional subvariants were developed after the end of the Second World War.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ordered by Chile and Turkey, a number were taken over by the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) when World War II started.

^ M1935A The M1935A was the standard pistol of the French army during the Second World War .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Caliber .50 Machine Gun, Browning, M2, Heavy Barrel, M48 Turret Type was developed for the commander's cupola on the M48 Patton tank.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T22E2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Madsen Tank Machine Gun, 7.5 mm .
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp.metalab.unc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T35.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The cupola mount on the M48-A3 was thoroughly disliked by most tankers, as it proved unreliable in service.^ The cupola mount on the M48-A3 was thoroughly disliked by most tankers, as it proved unreliable in service.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

[38] .A cupola-mounted M2 was later adopted for the commander's position on the M1 Abrams tanks.^ A cupola-mounted M2 was later adopted for the commander's position on the M1 Abrams tanks.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Tank Gun M2 (Mounted in Medium Tank M3) , FM 23-95, 42, PB 58555.
  • http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/Title.html 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.webpages.uidaho.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ TM 9-1005-227-35P MOUNT COMMANDERS CUPOLA M13.
  • IDSA BOOKS LLC:Site Map 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.idsabooks.com [Source type: Academic]

.Three subvariants were also developed for use by the US Navy on a variety of ships and watercraft.^ Three subvariants were also developed for used by the US Navy on a variety of ships and watercraft.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Covers use of the Carbine by friend and foe in the last 50 years, postwar developments, exhaustive listing of accessories, history and varieties of US military carbine ammunition and a presentation of other weapons, sporting and military, in .30 Carbine caliber.
  • Guns and Shooting 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M1025 (production version)- The US Army version, capable of using a wide variety of weapons.
  • Project Perfect Mod :: View topic - (new) Humvee 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ppmsite.com [Source type: General]

.These included the Caliber .50 Machine Gun, Browning, M2, Heavy Barrel, Soft Mount (Navy) and the Caliber .50 Machine Gun, Browning, M2, Heavy Barrel, Fixed Type (Navy).^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Browning Machine Gun Manuals .
  • BMGParts.com / Browning Machine Gun Manuals 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Browning machine gun caliber .50 HB, M2 is a belt-fed, recoil-operated,air-cooled, crew-served machine gun.
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

.The fixed types fire from a solenoid trigger and come in left or right hand feed variants for use on the Mk 56 Mod 0 dual mount and other mounts.^ Feeds from right hand side, and ejects to left side.
  • Stern Mg Prices 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is used to fire the gun when it is installed in the mount.
  • Bill Ricca's Class Three Items 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.billricca.com [Source type: General]

^ The fixed types fire from a solenoid trigger and come in left or right hand feed variants for use on the Mk 56 Mod 0 dual mount and other mounts.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

M2 E-50 (M2E50)

.A long overdue upgrade program for existing infantry M2HBs and other M2s currently in U.S. Army service, the E50 provides a: Quick Change Barrel (QCB) capability, a rail accessory mount, an improved flash hider and a manual safety.^ Due to the long procedure for changing the barrel, an improved system was developed called QCB (quick change barrel).
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A long overdue upgrade program for existing infantry M2HBs and other M2s currently in U.S. Army service, the E50 provides a: Quick Change Barrel (QCB) capability, a rail accessory mount, an improved flash hider and a manual safety.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Common barrel thread: Interchanges with existing HB barrels; eliminates logistics concerns during fielding; and simplifies conversion of existing barrels to the Quick Change Barrel (QCB) configuration.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

.The E50 designation initially appeared to be within the bounds of the normal U.S. Army designation system.^ The E50 designation initially appeared to be within the bounds of the normal U.S. Army designation system.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Lewis gun was initially designed by Samuel MacLean and was then developed and perfected by Colonel I N Lewis, of the American Army.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This project will design, develop, and flight test a high performance Guidance Navigation Control and Targeting System that provides the capability to guide future Navy and Army projectiles to within 1 meter of a maneuvering surface target in adverse weather.
  • Budget Requests 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, it later turned out that the term was in fact a developmental project that stands for Enhanced 50, as in enhanced .50 caliber machine gun.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it later turned out that the term was in fact a developmental project that stands for Enhanced 50, as in enhanced .50 caliber machine gun.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Eight Browning .50 machine guns.
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: The Fighters 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.telenet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Developed primarily as a conversion kit for existing weapons, it is likely that new production machine guns will be built to this standard.^ Machine guns - Early manual weapons .
  • small arm (military technology) :: Machine guns -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Standard machine gun.
  • Belgian Small Arms Inventory [Archive] - Military Photos 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: Reference]

^ Standard heavy machine gun.
  • Belgian Small Arms Inventory [Archive] - Military Photos 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: Reference]

In later U.S. Army briefings, this variant has been referenced as the M2E2 or M2A1.

Aircraft guns

AN/M2 and AN/M3

U.S. Marines man pintle-mounted M2HB machine guns
.The M2 machine gun was widely used during World War II and in later postwar conflicts as a remote or flexible aircraft gun.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the M2 .50 Cal machine gun used for?
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An upgraded variant of the Browning machine gun used during World War 2 is still in use today as the well known M2 machine gun.

.For fixed (offensive) or flexible (defensive) guns used in aircraft, a dedicated M2 version was developed called the .50 Browning AN/M2. The AN/M2 had a cyclic rate of 750–850 rounds per minute, with the ability to be fired from a electrically-operated remote-mount solenoid trigger when installed as a fixed gun.^ The rate of fire is 850 rounds per minute.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For use on the Twin/Quad Mounts, water cooled and aircraft guns.
  • BMGParts.com / .50 Caliber Semi Automatic Browning Machine Gun Parts & Accessories 15 September 2009 3:44 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cooled by the aircraft's slip-stream, the air-cooled AN/M2 was fitted with a substantially lighter barrel, which also had the effect of increasing the rate of fire.^ The air-force version combined the 700 rpm rate of fire with an air-cooled barrel.

^ The AN-M3 Browning is a modification of the AN-M2 aircraft gun to increase the rate of fire.
  • Defense Tech: Osprey to Deploy With New Firepower 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

^ The Browning machine gun caliber .50 HB, M2 is a belt-fed, recoil-operated,air-cooled, crew-served machine gun.
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

.The official designation for this weapon was Browning Machine Gun, Aircraft, Cal.^ The subvariant designation Browning Machine Gun, Cal.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The official designation for this weapon was Browning Machine Gun, Aircraft, Cal.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Armament M2 Browning machine gun .

.50, .AN/M2 (Fixed) or (Flexible).^ The AN-M2 Browning was built in three versions: (1) water-cooled (obsolete); (2) Heavy Barrel (current issue); (3) aircraft (fixed and flexible, current issue).
  • Defense Tech: Osprey to Deploy With New Firepower 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

^ TM 9-205 TECHNICAL MANUAL, BROWNING MACHINE GUN, CALIBER .30, M2, AIRCRAFT, FIXED AND FLEXIBLE 1944 .
  • PT Boat Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 Aircraft Dimensions 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M2 Aircraft - Fixed and Flexible , TM 9-205, 42, PB 3229.
  • http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/Title.html 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.webpages.uidaho.edu [Source type: Academic]

.During World War II, a faster-firing .50-inch aircraft Browning was developed, the AN/M3, using a mechanical or electrically-boosted feed mechanism to increase the rate of fire to around 1,200 rounds per minute.^ The rate of fire is 850 rounds per minute.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of Fire: 400600 rounds/min.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of fire to be 575-650 rounds a minute.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The AN/M3 was widely used in Korea on such planes as the F-86 Sabre and in Vietnam in the XM14/SUU-12/A gun pod, and currently in the Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano.^ The M3 aircraft gun is classified Standard A. M3 mounted in XM14 gun pod.
  • Browning M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.inetres.com [Source type: Academic]

^ After 12 Caponi bombers were armed with the Revelli cannon, an order was issued not to equip planes with cannon of any sort, as machine guns were considered better all-around armament.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have used both the Mini-gun and the M2/M3 guns in real combat and I can tell you that nothing commands respect like a .50 caliber hammering at you.
  • Defense Tech: Osprey to Deploy With New Firepower 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

.The XM296/M296 is a further development of the AN/M2 machine gun for remote firing applications, and is currently only used in an armament system for the OH-58 Kiowa Warrior helicopter.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the M2 .50 Cal machine gun used for?
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The gun appears to have been test fired only.

.The M296 differs from previous remote firing variants in that it has adjustable maximum firing rate (500–850 rpm), while lacking a bolt latch (allowing single-shot operation).^ Rate of fire: Single shot .

^ Rate of Fire: 500 rounds/min.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate Of Fire 750-850 RPM .

[39] .As an air-cooled aircraft gun used aboard a relatively slow rotary-wing aircraft, the M296 has a burst restriction rate of 50 rounds per minute; combat firing which exceeds this limit mandates a ten-minute cooling period to avoid malfunctions due to overheating.^ Rate of Fire: 400450 rounds/min.
  • The Weapons in Brothers in Arms - Gearbox Software Community 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC gbxforums.gearboxsoftware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rate of fire, rounds/min .

^ It was more streamlined and had a rate of fire of 280 rounds a minute.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]
M2 machine gun demonstration for George W. Bush in 2002

XM213/M213, XM218, GAU-15/A, GAU-16/A, and GAU-18/A

.The XM213/M213 was a modernization and adaptation of existing .50 caliber AN/M2s in inventory for use as a pintle mounted door gun on helicopters using the M59 armament subsystem.^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T22E2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 T35.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gun, Machine, Caliber .50 M2.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The GAU-15/A, formerly identified as the XM218, is a lightweight member of the M2/M3 family.^ La GAU-15/A, anteriormente identificada como XM218, es un miembro aligerado de la familia de la M2/M3.

^ Current designations of the AN-M2 Aircraft is GAU-16/A; the AN-M3 Aircraft is the GAU-21/A. FN Herstal-USA is in the process of re-manufacturing the AN-M3 to the M3M (or GAU-21/A).
  • Defense Tech: Osprey to Deploy With New Firepower 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

.The GAU-16/A was an improved GAU-15/A with modified grip and sight assemblies for similar applications.^ The GAU-16/A was an improved GAU-15/A with modified grip and sight assemblies for similar applications.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ La GAU-16/A era una GAU-15/A con agarraderas y sistema de puntería modificados para emplearse en roles similares.

^ The "P-47D-16", "P-47D-20", "P-47D-22", and "P-47D-23" were similar to the P-47D-15, adding minor improvements in fuel system, engine subsystems, a jettisonable canopy, bulletproof windshield, and so on.
  • The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.vectorsite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both of these weapons were used as a part of the A/A49E-11 armament subsystem (also known as the Defensive Armament System).^ Both of these weapons, as well as their successors (such as the Soviets’ Nikitin-Sokolov-Volkov, or NSV, machine gun), were used by infantry units on wheeled or tripod mounts, but they were also mounted on tanks to provide defensive fire against ground vehicles or aircraft.
  • small arm (military technology) :: Machine guns -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The G36, in severely modified form, also is used as a "kinetic energy" part of the US XM-29 OICW weapon.

^ These high priority cannon were to be used offensively against shipping, submarines, power plants, and large storage tanks; and defensively on invasion barges and shipping in general.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The GAU-18/A, is a lightweight variant of the M2/M3, and is used on the USAF's MH-53 Pave Low and HH-60 Pave Hawk helicopters.^ La GAU-18/A es una variante aligerada de la M2/M3 y es utilizada por la Fuerza Aérea en los helicópteros MH-53 Pave Low y HH-60 Pave Hawk.

^ This project will allow for an initial operational demonstration and risk reduction of the Integrated Vehicle Management System for the HH-60G Pave Hawk HUMS. .
  • Budget Requests 17 September 2009 0:17 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pave Low: Call in a heavily armored Pave Low (helicopter).
  • -=-=- Modern Warfare 2 Guide, Intels, MP Challenges & SpecOps GT/PSN List -=-=- - IGN Boards 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC boards.ign.com [Source type: General]

.These weapons do not use the heavy barrel, and are typically set up as left-hand feed, right-hand charging weapons, but on the HH-60 Pavehawks that use the EGMS (External Gun Mount System) all weapons are set up as right hand charge but vary between left and right hand feed depending on what side of the aircraft it is on.^ The heavier gun requires a heavier mount.
  • ARMY looking to replace "ma deuce" - TheFiringLine Forums 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC thefiringline.com [Source type: General]

^ The Soviets, for instance, have used a similar feed system in practically all of their aircraft cannon.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oil will not be used in heavy barrel guns.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this configuration the gun is fitted with a chute adapter attached to its left hand feed pawl bracket.^ In this configuration the gun is fitted with a chute adapter attached to its left hand feed pawl bracket.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Link Chute, mounts to pawl bracket.
  • BMGParts.com / .50 Caliber Semi Automatic Browning Machine Gun Parts & Accessories 15 September 2009 3:44 UTC www.bmgparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because the M2 was intentionally designed to be fit into many configurations, it can be adapted to feed from the left or right side of the weapon by exchanging the belt-holding pawls, the belt feed pawl, and the front and rear cartridge stops, then reversing the bolt switch.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

.Thus, the weapon can receive ammunition through a feed chute system connected to internally-mounted or externally-mounted ammunition cans.^ A disintegrating metallic link-belt is used to feed the ammunition into the weapon.
  • USMC weapons 1965 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.duprel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are both manned by a dedicated crewman positioned in the rear of the cabin who operates a fire-control system that combines the video feeds and weapons control.
  • Defense Tech: Osprey to Deploy With New Firepower 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.defensetech.org [Source type: General]

^ From the very first there was a continuous effort to produce improved mountings, feed systems, and trigger actuating devices.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Originally designed to accommodate 1,700 rounds, these cans have since been modified due to space constraints, and now hold about half that amount with the external cans of the EGMS system holding 600 rounds each.^ Screw holding pistol grip panels does not appear to be original as it protrudes through right side a short amount.
  • HOLY SHIT!!! DREAM-CAVE!!! - forum.Saiga-12.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC forum.saiga-12.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the original 24 PTF boats, about half of them remain in various conditions.
  • CRD21 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.ptfnasty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Forward movement continues until the round is about a half inch from the fully home position.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, many aerial gunners find the chute system cumbersome, and opt to install a bracket accommodating the 100-round cans instead.^ Each page of this English language edition has a photo of one or two weapons, including many prototypes (like an AK with a 100 round box magazine...
  • Guns and Shooting 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The machine gunner has a POF MG3P (below) with three 100-round belts and a Walther P1 pistol (a modernized variant of the P38; see p.
  • Pyramid: Designer's Notes: GURPS Modern Firepower 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.sjgames.com [Source type: Academic]

The GAU-18/A began to be supplanted by the GAU-21/A in 2006.

GAU-21/A and M3P

.The FN produced M3 series is also in U.S. military service in two versions.^ The DC-3 carried a flight crew of two or three and the military version 27 troops or up to 24 litters plus attendants or 10000 lbs of freight .

^ In France , Sud-Est produced under license two versions of the De Havilland DH 112 Sea Venom under the name Aquilon.

^ The Japanese Army and Navy independently produced nearly identical weapons, and with non-interchangeable ammunition; this is symbolic for the lack of cooperation between the two services.
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: Gun Tables 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.skynet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The WWII Fighter Gun Debate: Gun Tables 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC users.telenet.be [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The fixed remote firing version, the FN M3P, is used by the U.S. Army on the Avenger Air Defense System.^ Not only did the air-and-spring type buffer dispense with the use of oils, the spring action allowed markedly increased rates of fire.
  • Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 History 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M16: A lightweight, air-cooled, gas-operated, magazine-fed rifle designed for either automatic or semi-automatic fire through use of a selector lever.
  • This is the accessible text file for Department of Defense Office of Inspector General Audit Report No. D-2007-010 entitled 'The Army Small Arms Program That Relates to Availability,Maintainability, and Reliability of Small Arms Support for the Warfighter,' November 2, 2006. 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.militec-1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The A2 version improved the fire control system by integrating the ranging radar with a ballistic computer .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Weapons and Warfare (G-O) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC vets.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M3M flexible machine gun has been adopted by the USAF and the USN under the designation GAU-21/A for use on helicopters.^ The Marines have plans to use the M3M GAU-21 on their other helicopters.
  • Sikorsky Giant Helicopters: S-64, S-65, & S-80 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.vectorsite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I believe these are listed as an authorized item for use with rifles such as the M1903 and M1, but in practice they were mainly used in machine guns.
  • Collectable Ammuntion Catalog, antique reloading tools, bullet molds moulds, cartridge collectors, small arms ammunition, bandoleers cartridge sets 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC oldguns.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Probably repacked for use in foreign military sales to allies who still had .30-06 rifles or machine guns.
  • Collectable Ammuntion Catalog, antique reloading tools, bullet molds moulds, cartridge collectors, small arms ammunition, bandoleers cartridge sets 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC oldguns.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M3P is currently being used to upgrade the US Army's OH-58D; replacing the M2 and XM296 .50 cal.^ What is the M2 .50 Cal machine gun used for?
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

^ US M2 Browning .50 cal.
  • ROBOTECH.COM - The Official Robotech Web Site! 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.robotech.com [Source type: General]

^ What are the common stoppages of the M2 .50 Cal?
  • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

machine guns for the aircraft.[41]

Users

.The M2 family has been widely used abroad, primarily in its basic infantry configuration.^ My Description: I find the M2 Fragmentation Grenade a very useful tool, especially for clearing out rooms of infantry after breaking down doors.
  • GameFAQs: Call of Duty: Finest Hour (PS2) Weapons FAQ by retributiontomcat 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

^ Major changes in the M2 have been few since the gun is designed to be adaptable to different configurations using the same basic parts.
  • PT Boat Browning Machine Gun .50 Caliber M2 Aircraft Dimensions 20 September 2009 17:19 UTC www.pt103.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A brief listing of designations for M2 family weapons follows:
Country NATO Member Designation Description
Afghanistan Afghanistan No M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning Heavy Machine Gun
Argentina Argentina No M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Australia Australia No M2HB-QCB[42]
Austria Austria No üsMG M2 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Belgium Belgium Yes FN M2HB-QCB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun, used as infantry weapon, IFV mounted gun and as tank's AA gun
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina No
Brazil Brazil No Mtr .50 M2 HB "BROWNING" 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Bulgaria Bulgaria Yes Mtr .50 M2HB "BROWNING" 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Cambodia Cambodia No M2, M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Canada Canada Yes FN M2HB-QCB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Chile Chile No FN M2HB-QCB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
ColombiaColombia No
Croatia Croatia Yes
CyprusCyprus No
Denmark Denmark Yes M/50 TMG 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
? 12.7 x 99 mm FNH M3M machine gun[43]
Egypt Egypt No Known as "DOBSH" 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun, used as Crew served infantry weapon, on M113, on YPR-765IFV, on some HMMWV and as tank's Commander's/AA gun
El Salvador El Salvador No
Estonia Estonia Yes M2HB QCB
Finland Finland No Known as 12,7 RSKK 2005 or 12,7 ITKK M2 and only operated on .Patria AMV vehicles.^ Patria AMV vehicles.
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

France France Yes MIT-12,7, MIT-12,7 CRC (QCB) 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB or FN QCB
Germany Germany Yes MG50-1, M3M 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB or M3M machine gun
Greece Greece Yes
India India No M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun in limited quantities
Iran Iran[44] No
Iraq Iraq No
Israel Israel No מק"כ ("MAKACH") 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun, used as infantry weapon, on M113 Armored Personnel Carrier, Nammer IFV, on some HMMWV, on tank as external coaxial gun and on patrol boats of Israeli Navy
Republic of Ireland Ireland No Infantry Support, HMG & Air Defence.
Italy Italy Yes Browning M2 12.7 mm 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Japan Japan No 12.7 mm重機関銃M2 (Licensed by Sumitomo Heavy Industries) 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun, used as IFV mounted gun and as tank's coaxial gun
Lithuania Lithuania Yes M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun in limited quantities
Lebanon Lebanon No Mounted on MUTT and M-113 vehicles, including some MBT's. Also used by infantry.
Malaysia Malaysia No 50.5 mm M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Malta Malta No M2 Browning .50 HMG
Mexico Mexico No M-2 HB,
M-2 E-50 Licence produced by SEDENA
12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB Machine gun mounted on military vehicles
Netherlands The Netherlands Yes MIT-12,7, MIT-12,7 CRC (QCB) 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB or FN QCB
New Zealand New Zealand No M2HB 0.50 cal heavy machine gun
Norway Norway Yes 12,7 Mitraliøse 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Philippines The Philippines No M2HB 0.50 cal heavy machine gun
Poland Poland Yes M2HB-QCB Used by Polish special forces
Portugal Portugal Yes Metralhadora 12,7 mm Browning m/55 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Romania Romania Yes M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Serbia Serbia No Teški mitraljez M2 Used alongside M87 heavy machine gun.
Singapore Singapore No 12.7 mm M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun (replaced by the newer .CIS 50MG firing the same cartridges of the M2HB).^ CIS 50MG firing the same cartridges of the M2HB).
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It fired forward a naval gun projectile of armor-piercing type, weighing 1,500 pounds, and ejecting backwards, as the counterrecoiling projectile, a cartridge case of the same weight.
  • HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. I/Part V) 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC ftp1.us.proftpd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

South Africa South Africa No M2HB (Licensed by ARAM (Pty) Ltd) 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
South Korea South Korea No K6 modified 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB QCB machine gun (manufactured by S&T Dynamics)
Spain Spain Yes Ametralladora Pesada M-2 HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Slovenia Slovenian Army Yes FN M2HB-QCB 12.7 × 99mm M2HB machine gun; used by infantry and mounted on vehicles
Sweden Sweden No Tksp 12,7 (Licensed by Bofors) 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Switzerland Switzerland No Mg 64 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2 HB machine gun
Republic of China Republic Of China (Taiwan) No Browning Caliber .50 M2, M2HB
FN M2HB-QCB
T90
Thailand Thailand No ปืนกล 93 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
Turkey Turkey Yes Browning 12.7 mm M2, M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2 HB machine gun
United Kingdom United Kingdom Yes L2A1 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun
L6, L6A1 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2 HB machine gun; ranging gun for the L7 105 mm tank gun on the Centurion tank
L11, L11A1 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun; ranging gun
L21A1 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine gun; ranging gun for the 120 mm tank gun on the Chieftain tank
L111A1[45])
United States United States Yes Browning Caliber .50 M2, M2HB Browning Caliber .50 M2 Heavy Barrel machine gun
Uruguay Uruguay No Browning Caliber .50 M2, M2HB
Vietnam Vietnam No M2, M2HB 12.7 × 99 mm Browning M2HB machine guns captured from the French, captured from American forces and taken over from the Army of the Republic of Vietnam after the Vietnam War, supplied by the Soviet Union from left-over Soviet lend-lease stockpiles itself supplied by the US to the Soviet Union during WWII and supplied from various other routes and means.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun
  2. ^ M2HB-QCB product information, FN Herstal, http://www.fnherstal.com/index.php?id=249&backPID=306&productID=61&pid_product=233&pidList=306&categorySelector=2&detail=, retrieved 2009-11-26 
  3. ^ "Skylighters, The Web Site of the 225th AAA Searchlight Battalion: AAA Weapons in Focus - The M2 .50-Caliber Machine Gun". Skylighters.org. http://www.skylighters.org/history/mgs/. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  4. ^ Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), pp. 310-311: the official rate during WWII was 450-575 rpm, but it was extremely rare to encounter a M2HB that exceeded 550 rpm.
  5. ^ DiGiulian, Tony, USA 0.50"/90 (12.7 mm) M2 Browning Machine Gun (2007) Article
  6. ^ Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), pp. 310-311
  7. ^ Crew Served Weapons lesson plan
  8. ^ a b Barnes, Frank C., Cartridges of the World, U.S. Army .50 BMG Cartridge Specifications, DBI Books (1989), ISBN 0873490339, p.432
  9. ^ Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), pp. 311-312
  10. ^ M903 Caliber .50 Saboted Light Armor Penetrator (SLAP), M962 Saboted Light Armor, GlobalSecurity.org
  11. ^ Caliber .50 Cartridges, GlobalSecurity.org
  12. ^ Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), p. 225
  13. ^ George, John B., Shots Fired In Anger, NRA Press (1981), p. 404: By World War II, the M2HB had been designated as a dual-purpose anti-aircraft and anti-vehicular weapon for motorized, armored, and infantry divisions; the designation "anti-vehicular" included thin-skinned and lightly armored vehicles, as it was already recognized by 1940 that the .50 M2 AP round would not be useful against modern medium or heavy tanks.
  14. ^ Bird, James, Recollections of James R. Bird, A Battery, 160th F.A., 45th Inf. Div., Article
  15. ^ Green, Michael, and Green, Gladys, Weapons of Patton's Armies, Zenith Imprint Press (2000), ISBN 0760308217, 9780760308219, p. 34
  16. ^ Bishop, Chris, The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. (2002), ISBN 1586637622, 9781586637620, p. 86
  17. ^ Green, Michael, and Green, Gladys, Weapons of Patton's Armies, Zenith Imprint Press (2000), ISBN 0760308217, 9780760308219, pp. 32-34
  18. ^ Yeide, 2004. p. 185
  19. ^ Burgett, Donald, Seven Roads To Hell, Dell Publishing (1999), ISBN 0440236274, p. 129
  20. ^ Jarymowycz, Roman J., Tank Tactics: From Normandy to Lorraine, Lynne Rienner Publishers (2001), ISBN 1555879500, 9781555879501, p. 212
  21. ^ Rush, Robert S., GI: The US Infantryman in World War II, Osprey Publishing Ltd. (2003), ISBN 1841767395, p. 33
  22. ^ a b Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), pp. 225, 311-312
  23. ^ a b Henry, Mark R., The US Army in World War II (2): The Mediterranean, Osprey Publishing (2000), ISBN 1841760854, 9781841760858, p. 20
  24. ^ Abramski, Anthony V. (Pfc.), Eyewitness Account of Pfc. Anthony V. Abramski, Citation In Support Of Congressional Medal of Honor Award to 2nd Lt. Audie Murphy at Holtzwihr, France, 26 January 1945
  25. ^ Wolfe, Clarence B., I Kept My Word, AuthorHouse Press (2006), ISBN 1425969518, 9781425969516, p. 68
  26. ^ The United States Army in World War II, Ch. XXI: Artillery & Armored Units in the ETO, Washington, D.C.: Historical Division, U.S. Army (1993), p. 645
  27. ^ Jarymowycz, Roman J., Tank Tactics: From Normandy to Lorraine, Lynne Rienner Publishers (2001), ISBN 1555879500, 9781555879501, p. 212: The M2HB fitted to tanks and M3 half-tracks was frequently employed against German rearguard forces including snipers and anti-tank teams, often firing into locations merely suspected of hiding such forces (so-called speculative fire).
  28. ^ a b AAA Weapons of the U.S. Army, Part I: The "Quad 50" Machine Gun Mount, 225th AAA Searchlight Battalion (Skylighters) Article
  29. ^ George, John B., Shots Fired In Anger, NRA Press (1981), p. 404
  30. ^ Schmitt, Eric, Medal of Honor to Be Awarded to Soldier Killed in Iraq, a First, New York Times, 30 March 2005
  31. ^ Shore, C. (Capt.), With British Snipers to the Reich, Boulder: Lancer Militaria, p. 197-198
  32. ^ a b c Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), p. 35, 145
  33. ^ Shore, C. (Capt.), With British Snipers to the Reich, Boulder: Lancer Militaria, p. 197-198: They especially liked the "hell's brew" of AP, API, and APIT ammunition.
  34. ^ Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press (1948), p. 153: The New Zealand and South African divisions in particular loved the big Browning, and were frequently encountered trading for spare parts and gauges.
  35. ^ Kennedy, Michael Paul, Soldier I: SAS, London: Bloomsbury Publishing PLC (1990), ISBN 0747507503
  36. ^ "Sniper Rifles". GlobalSecurity. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "When a 24-year old Marine sharpshooter named Carlos Norman Hathcock II chalked up the farthest recorded kill in the history of sniping—2,500 yards (1.42 miles, a distance greater than 22 football fields) in February 1967, he fired a Browning M2 .50 Cal. Machine Gun." 
  37. ^ Sgt. Grit (2006). "Marine Corps Sniper Carlos N. Hathcock II". http://www.grunt.com/scuttlebutt/corps-stories/heroes/carloshathcock.asp. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "Viet Cong shot dead by a round fired from a scope-mounted Browning M-2 .50 caliber machine gun at the unbelievable range of 2,500 yards (2,300 m)." 
  38. ^ Zumbro, Ralph, Tank Sergeant, Presidio Press (1986), p. 92
  39. ^ M296 .50 cal. (12.7 mm) Machine Gun Article
  40. ^ M296 .50 cal. (12.7 mm) Machine Gun
  41. ^ 6-6 Cavalry aircrews field new Kiowa Warrior weapons system. US Army.
  42. ^ "Light Calibre Weapons". Adi-limited.com. http://www.adi-limited.com/default.asp?page=141. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  43. ^ Combat Support Wing (december 2007). "Eskadrille 615 støtter Søværnet [Squadron 615 aids the Navy]" (in Danish). Mjølner: 5. http://forsvaret.dk/CSW/Mjoelner/Documents/Mjoelner%20december%202007.pdf. 
  44. ^ Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. pp. 897. ISBN 0710628692. 
  45. ^ "Manroy Website". Manroy.co.uk. http://manroy.co.uk/manroy/. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 

References

  • Dunlap, Roy F. (1948). .Ordnance Went Up Front, Samworth Press, OCLC 6081851
  • George, John B. (1981).^ Dunlap, Roy F., Ordnance Went Up Front , Samworth Press (1948), p.
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ George, John B., Shots Fired In Anger , NRA Press (1981), p.
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Ordnance Went Up Front by Roy F. Dunlap.
    • Guns and Shooting 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Shots Fired In Anger, NRA Press, ISBN 093599842X
  • Gresham, John D. (December 2001). “Weapons”. Military Heritage. Volume 3, No. .3: 22, 24, 26, 28, 30 (John Browning’s (M2) .50-caliber).
  • Hogg, Ian.^ The Browning machine gun caliber .50 HB, M2 is a belt-fed, recoil-operated,air-cooled, crew-served machine gun.
    • Army Study Guide Flashcards – Weapons: Question #113 | ArmyStudyGuide.com 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.armystudyguide.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ BROWNING MACHINE GUN,CALIBER .50,M1921,WATER-COOLED TR-1300-50A. - War Department.
    • IDSA BOOKS LLC:Site Map 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.idsabooks.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ M24 Pedestal for .30 and .50 caliber guns .

    (2001). The American Arsenal. .Ian Hogg, ed.^ Ian Hogg, ed.
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    .London, UK: Greenhill Books, ISBN 9781853674709
  • MCWP 3-15.1: Machine Guns and Machine Gun Gunnery USMC (requires client certificate).^ London, UK: Greenhill Books, ISBN 9781853674709 MCWP 3-15.1: Machine Guns and Machine Gun Gunnery USMC (requires client certificate).
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Unlike virtually all other modern machine guns, it has no safety (although a sliding safety switch has recently been fielded to USMC armorers for installation on their weapons).
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Parabellum FN GUN MANUAL -  OPERATORS MANUAL - MAINTENANCE, REPAIR  & PARTS - 46 Pages - Nice Reprint of the original book - Machine Gun Manual .
    • Gun Manuals - Shotgun Gun Manuals - Pistol Gun Manuals - Rifle Gun Manuals - Machine Gun Manuals 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.gungarage.com [Source type: General]

    Alternative via scribd
  • Yeide, Harry. (2004). The Tank Killers. Havertown, Penn.: Casemate, ISBN 9781932033267
  • Zaloga, Steven J. (2002). .M8 Greyhound Light Armored Car 1941–91.^ M8 Greyhound Light Armored Car 1941–91 .
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 18 September 2009 1:52 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Power Train, Hull, and Turret for Light-Armored Car M8, and Armored Utility Car M20 , TM 9-1724B, 44, PB 62810.
    • http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/Title.html 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC www.webpages.uidaho.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Most of the action in 1944 and early 1945 was centered in the efforts to breach the German lines, were the light Armor of the M8 cars was useless, so the troop was not used at all, but when the P Valley line fell the situation changed.
    • Brazil 15 January 2010 6:16 UTC mailer.fsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, ISBN 9781841764689

External links

.
Records
Preceded by
'
Longest confirmed combat sniper-shot kill
1967–2002
1.42 mi (2,286 m)
using .50 BMG by Carlos Hathcock
Succeeded by
Canadian Long Range Sniper Weapon (LRSW) .50

Simple English

Browning Machine Gun, Cal. .50, M2, HB
File:Machine gun M2
M2HB machine gun
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin
Service history
In service 1921
M2HB from 1933–present
Used by United States, and several others
Wars World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, Cambodian Civil War, Falklands War, Desert Storm, Somali Civil War, Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, South African Border War
Production history
Designed 1918[1]
Produced 1933–present (M2HB)
Specifications
Weight 38 kg (84 lb), 58 kg (128 lb) with tripod and T&E
Length 1650 mm (65 in)
Barrel length 1143 mm (45 in)

Cartridge .50 BMG
Action Short recoil-operated
Rate of fire 450–600 rounds/min (M2HB)
750–850 rounds/min (M2 aircraft gun)
Muzzle velocity 2,910 feet per second (M33 Ball) (887.1 m/s)
Feed system Belt-fed (M2 or M9 links)

The M2 Machine Gun, or Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun. It was nicknamed Ma Deuce by US troops or simply called "fifty-cal." in reference to its caliber.

John Moses Browning (1855–1926) of Ogden, Utah, was the inventor. His military arms were considered to be outstanding. German Field Marshal Hermann Göring said, "If the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) had the Browning .50-caliber, the Battle of Britain would have turned out differently".

Browning began work on the .50-caliber machine gun in July 1917 and it was introduced in 1918. It was a belt-fed, automatic weapon that came in both air-cooled and water-cooled versions. The gun was capable of single-shot or fully automatic fire. The U.S. Army, Army Air Forces, and Navy all adopted it immediately.

The Browning .50 caliber machine gun has been used as a vehicle weapon and for aircrafts by the United States from the 1920s to the present day. It was used during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, as well as during operations in Iraq in the 1990s and 2000s. It is the primary heavy machine gun of NATO countries, and has been used by many other countries. It is still in use today, with only a few modern improvements.

References

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