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MGM Home Entertainment
Type Home video company
Founded 1973 (as MGM Home Video)
1979 (as MGM/CBS Home Video)
1982 (as MGM/UA Home Video)
1998 (as MGM Home Entertainment, DVD)
2000 (as MGM Home Entertainment, VHS)
Headquarters USA
Industry Home video and DVD arm of MGM
Products betamax
Blu-ray disc
Parent Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGM Home Entertainment is the home video and DVD arm of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.



The home video division of MGM started in 1973 as MGM Home Video, releasing all the movies and TV shows by MGM. In 1979, MGM joined forces with CBS Video Enterprises, the home video division of the CBS television network, and established MGM/CBS Home Video.

In 1982, a year after MGM bought and merged with the near-bankrupt United Artists, CBS dropped out of the video partnership with MGM and moved to 20th Century Fox to create CBS/Fox Video. Two companies were set up: MGM/UA Home Video, the new name for MGM's video division, and MGM/UA Home Entertainment Group, created to license pre-1981 UA films to CBS/Fox (due to an agreement UA had with Fox years earlier).

In 1986, MGM's pre-1986 library (also including the pre-1950 Warner Bros. library and most US rights to the RKO Pictures library), was acquired by Ted Turner and his company Turner Entertainment. After the library was acquired, MGM/UA signed a deal with Turner to continue distributing the pre-1986 MGM and the pre-1950 Warner Bros. libraries for video release (the rest of the library went to Turner Home Entertainment).

In 1991, after Pathe bought MGM, MGM/UA striked a deal with Warner Bros. to have them distribute MGM's titles exclusively on home video.

In 1997, MGM/UA began releasing its titles on DVD, just like every other major studio. Some of the films MGM released on DVD were from the Turner catalog, which they were still allowed to keep after Turner merged into Time Warner some time before because of their distribution deal. That same year, MGM acquired Orion Pictures. As a result, Orion Home Video (Orion's home video division) was bought out by MGM/UA, and was retained as an in-name-only division until the acquisition deal was finalized in 1998. In 1998, the company was renamed MGM Home Entertainment.

In 1999, MGM gave up the home video rights to the MGM/UA films owned by Turner after they ended their distribution deal with Warner Bros.; as a result those films were distributed by Warner Home Video by themselves.

In 2005, following MGM's acquisition by the Sony-led consortium, the company was under the Sony Pictures Home Entertainment label but not using the MGM Home Entertainment name on any releases, which has distributed the MGM library, though under the MGM label. The deal ended a year later.

After MGM ended their distribution agreement with Sony, they announced that they would be signing a new distribution deal with 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment for worldwide release, except for DVD releases of MGM/UA/Columbia TriStar co-releases, which will continue to be distributed by SPHE, since Sony still owns 20% of MGM, whereas Fox has no controlling interest.

Ironically, Fox had released some post-1986 United Artists films on videocassette during the CBS/Fox Video days.

Distribution managements

Here is the list of distributors that managed to distribute MGM/CBS Home Video, MGM/UA Home Video and MGM Home Entertainment titles:

Note that MGM Home Entertainment was self distributing from 2000 to 2005.


Through 20th Century Fox, MGM Home Entertainment releases titles from MGM (post-1986), United Artists, Orion Pictures (which itself includes the Filmways and American International Pictures libraries), pre-1997 Samuel Goldwyn film library, the pre-1996 Motion Picture Corporation of America catalog.

The unit releases some titles by IFC Films, the pre-1996 PolyGram Filmed Entertainment library, most of the Cannon library, many by Embassy Pictures, the pre-1994 Castle Rock library and Nelson Entertainment, among other companies.

Soul Cinema

Soul Cinema is a line of blaxploitation films on video released by MGM. The line launched in fall 2004. Titles include:

Soul Cinema was also a Pay-Per-View option for Comcast back in 2004.


External links

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