MTK Hungária FC: Wikis

  
  
  

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MTK
MTK logo
Full name Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre
Hungária FC
Founded 1888
Ground Stadion Hidegkuti Nándor,
Budapest
(Capacity: 12,700)
Chairman Hungary László Domonyai
Manager Hungary József Garami
League Soproni Liga
2008-09 7th
Home colours
Away colours

MTK Hungária FC or just MTK is a football club from Budapest, Hungary. The team plays in the top division of the Hungarian League. The club's colours are blue and white. As one of the most successful Hungarian football clubs, MTK has won the Hungarian League 23 times and the Hungarian Cup 12 times. The club has also won the Hungarian Super Cup 2 times. In 1955, as Vörös Lobogó SE, they became the first Hungarian team to play in the European Cup and in 1964 they finished as runners-up in the European Cup Winners' Cup after losing to Sporting Clube de Portugal in the final.

Contents

History

Foundation

About a dozen sport loving citizens decided on 16 November 1888 in a cafe in Budapest to form the Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre (Circle of Hungarian Physical Activists). Many founding fathers were members of the Hungarian aristocracy and the wealthy Jewish community of the capital. The colours of the club became blue and white, and it had 31 members by the end of the same year. The club's first divisions offered sporting possibilities only for fencing and gymnastics. As football was spreading far and wide in Hungary also the club established its football division on 12 March 1901. The first public football match of the Blues was a 0-0 draw against BTC, which later became Hungarian champions in 1901 and 1902. MTK started to play football in the 2nd league in 1902, but a year later the club got the chance to play in the first league. The first year brought the club a 3rd place and it did not take long for the Blues to win the first championship, which happened a year later in 1904.

Amateur Era

The first president of the club became a well-to-do entrepreneur, his vice a close friend of him who turned out to be an excellent sport oriented organiser. His name was Alfréd Brüll who became the club's legendary and respected president from 1905 until the 1940s. Before the introduction of professional football MTK was the most successful Hungarian team. Prior to the Second World War the team managed to win 15 Hungarian League titles and gained 7 Hungarian Cup victories. During the professional era the team could not repeat the same performance but still won 2 championships. Due to the participation of many Jewish figures in the club, it had the reputation of being a "Jewish" team and suffered from antisemitism beginning in the 1930s and 1940s, [1] a phenomenon that continues to the present.[2]

Professional Era

The Mighty Magyar Era

In 1949 when Hungary became a communist state, MTK were taken over by the secret police, the ÁVH, and subsequently the club became known as Textiles SE. They then became Bástya SE, then Vörös Lobogó SE, which means Red Banner or Red Flag, and then finally back to MTK. Despite this turmoil, the 1950s proved a successful era for the club and with a team coached by Márton Bukovi and including Péter Palotás, Nándor Hidegkuti, Mihály Lantos and József Zakariás, they won three Hungarian League titles, a Hungarian Cup and a Mitropa Cup. In 1955, as Vörös Lobogó SE, they also became the first ever Hungarian team to play in a European Cup. On September 7 1955 at the Népstadion, Palotás scored a hat-trick as they beat RSC Anderlecht 6-3 in the first leg of the first round and thus became the first player to score a hat-trick in a European Cup game.

MTK also played a major role in the success of the legendary Hungary team known as the Mighty Magyars. While Honvéd provided the team with a nucleus of players, it was Márton Bukovi at MTK who developed the vital 4-2-4 formation, later adopted by national coach Gusztáv Sebes, himself a former MTK player. It was also at MTK that Bukovi together with, Péter Palotás and Nándor Hidegkuti, also pioneered the crucial deep lying centre-forward position. In 1953 Hidegkuti would exploit this position to great effect as he scored a hat-trick for Hungary when they beat England 6-3 at Wembley Stadium. In addition Mihály Lantos and József Zakariás provided the Mighty Magyars with a solid defence. During the early 1950s these MTK players helped Hungary become Olympic Champions in 1952, Central European Champions in 1953, defeat England twice and reach the 1954 World Cup final. They absorbed Egyetértés VM After the first half of 1974–75 season. They relegated to Second League twice in 1980–81 season after finishing 17th or second from last and in 1993–94 season after finishing 16th or last.

Honours

  • Hungarian Cup
    • Winner : 1910, 1911, 1912, 1914, 1923, 1925, 1932, 1952, 1968, 1997, 1998, 2000: 12
    • Runner-up : 1935, 1976: 2
  • Mitropa Cup
    • Winner: 1955, 1963: 2
    • Runner-up : 1959: 1

Current squad

As of 12 October 2009.

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Hungary GK Levente Szántai
2 Hungary DF András Vági
3 Hungary MF Dániel Hauser
4 Hungary DF Dániel Vadnai
5 Hungary DF Béla Balogh
6 Hungary MF Máté Pátkai
7 Hungary DF Sándor Hidvégi
8 Hungary MF András Gosztonyi
9 Hungary FW András Pál
11 Hungary MF Vilmos Melczer
12 Hungary FW László Lencse
13 Hungary DF Adrián Szekeres
14 Hungary MF Dávid Kelemen
15 Hungary FW Norbert Könyves
No.   Position Player
16 Hungary FW Péter Bonifert
17 Hungary MF László Zsidai
18 Hungary DF Attila Kornis
19 Hungary MF József Kanta
20 Hungary MF Gábor Bori
21 Hungary FW Marcell Molnár
22 Hungary DF István Rodenbücher
23 Hungary MF Ádám Szabó
24 Hungary MF Sándor Hajdú
25 Hungary MF Márk Nikházi
26 Hungary GK András Horváth
27 Hungary DF Ádám Pintér
29 Hungary GK Zoltán Szatmári
32 Hungary MF Lóránd Szatmári (on loan from Reggina)

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Hungary DF László Sütő (at Pécsi MFC)
Hungary DF Lajos Hegedűs (at Pécsi MFC)
Hungary MF Ádám Simon (at Szombathelyi Haladás)
Hungary DF David Kalnoki-Kis (at England Oldham Athletic FC)[3]
Hungary DF Norbert Csiki (at England Oldham Athletic FC)}[3]
Hungary DF Ferenc Fodor (at England Oldham Athletic FC)}[4]
Hungary MF László Szabó (at Pécsi MFC)
Hungary MF Gábor Nagy (at Szombathelyi Haladás)
No.   Position Player
Hungary MF Tamás Kecskés (at Pécsi MFC)
Hungary MF Zsolt Pölöskei (at England Liverpool FC)
Hungary MF Attila Beszterczei (at England Oldham Athletic FC)}[4]
Hungary FW Ádám Hrepka (at Budapest Honvéd FC)
Hungary FW Gábor Urbán (at Paks)
Hungary FW Krisztián Adorján (at England Liverpool FC)
Hungary FW Patrik Tischler (at England Oldham Athletic FC)}[3]
Hungary FW Szabolcs Csorba (at England Oldham Athletic FC)}[4]

European cup history

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1963–64 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Preliminary Round Bulgaria PFC Slavia Sofia 1–0 1-1 2-1
1. Round East Germany Motor Zwickau 2–0 0-1 2-1
Quarter-finals Turkey Fenerbahçe SK 2–0 1-3 3-3 (playoff 1–0)
Semi-finals Scotland Celtic Glasgow 4–0 0-3 4-3
Final Portugal Sporting CP 3-3(aet) 0-1 3-4
1969–70 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round East Germany 1. FC Magdeburg 1-1 0-1 1-2(aet)
1976–77 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1. Round Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 3-1 1-1 4-2
2. Round Soviet Union FC Dinamo Tbilisi 1–0 4-1 5-1
Quarter-finals West Germany Hamburger SV 1-1 1-4 2-5
1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualifying Round Faroe Islands GÍ Gøta 7–0 3-1 10-1
1. Round Austria SV Ried 0-1 0-2 0-3

UEFA Intertoto Cup

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1985 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 11 Bulgaria PFC Chernomorets Burgas 5-1 2-1
Group 11 Norway IK Start 3–0 3-3
Group 11 Switzerland FC Aarau 3-1 1-1
1986 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 1 Germany Fortuna Düsseldorf 0–0 3-3
Group 1 Netherlands NEC Nijmegen 2-2 3-1
Group 1 Belgium FC Liége 5-2 0-3
1988 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 10 Germany Karlsruher SC 2-1 1-1
Group 10 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Vojvodina 1–0 0-5
Group 10 Austria Grazer AK 0-1 1-1
1990 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 4 Slovakia SK Slovan Bratislava 0-2 0-2
Group 4 Denmark Vejle BK 0-1 1-4
Group 4 Sweden IFK Norrköping 4-3 0-2

UEFA Cup

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1961–62 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1. Round France RC Strasbourg 10-2 3-1 13-3
2. Round East Germany Leipzig XI 3–0 0-3 3-3(playoff 2–0)
Quarter-finals Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Novi Sad XI 2-1 4-1 6-2
Semi-finals Spain Valencia CF 3–7 0-3 3-10
1978–79 UEFA Cup 1. Round Romania FCU Politehnica Timişoara 2-1 0-2 2-3
1989–90 UEFA Cup 1. Round Soviet Union FC Dynamo Kyiv 1-2 0-4 1–6
1990–91 UEFA Cup 1. Round Switzerland FC Lucerne 1-1 1-2 2-3
1993–94 UEFA Cup 1. Round Iceland KR Reykjavik 0–0 2-1 2-1
2. Round Belgium KV Mechelen 1-1 0-5 1–6
1997–98 UEFA Cup 1. Round Russia Alanya Vladikavkaz 3–0 1-1 4-1
2. Round Croatia Croatia Zagreb 1–0 0-2 1-2
1999–00 UEFA Cup 1. Round Turkey Fenerbahçe SK 0–0 2–0 2–0
2. Round Greece AEK Athens FC 2-1 0-1 2-2(a)
2000–01 UEFA Cup Qualifying Round Finland Jokerit FC 1–0 4-2 5-2
1. Round Bulgaria PFC CSKA Sofia 0-1 2-1 2-2(a)
2. Round France FC Nantes Atlantique 0-1 1-2 1-3
2003–04 UEFA Cup 1. Round Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 0–0 1-3 1-3
2007–08 UEFA Cup 1. Qualifying Round Armenia FC MIKA 2-1 0-1 2-2(a)

UEFA Champions League

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1955–56 European Cup 1. Round Belgium RSC Anderlecht 6-3 4-1 10-4
Quarter-finals France Stade Reims 4-4 2-4 6–8
1958–59 European Cup Preliminary Round Poland Polonia Bytom 3–0 3–0 6–0
1. Round Switzerland BSC Young Boys 1-2 1-4 2–6
1987–88 European Cup 1. Round Romania FC Steaua Bucureşti 2–0 0-4 2-4
1997-98 UEFA Champions League 1. Qualifying Round Armenia Pyunik Yerevan 4-3 2-0 6-3
2. Qualifying Round Norway Rosenborg BK 0-1 1-3 1-4
1999-00 UEFA Champions League 2. Qualifying Round Iceland ÍBV 3-1 2-0 5-1
3. Qualifying Round Croatia Croatia Zagreb 0-2 0-0 0-2
2003-04 UEFA Champions League 2. Qualifying Round Finland HJK Helsinki 3-1 0-1 3-2
3. Qualifying Round Scotland Celtic Glasgow 0-4 0-1 0-5
2008-09 UEFA Champions League 2. Qualifying Round Turkey Fenerbahce SK 0-5 0-2 0-7

Famous players

see also Cat:MTK Hungária FC footballers

Selected former managers

see also Cat:MTK Hungária FC football managers

Sources

  • Behind The Curtain - Travels in Eastern European Football: Jonathan Wilson (2006) [1]

References

External links








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