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MWMIK (Jackal)
Supacat Jackal.jpg
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Specifications
Weight 6,650kg
Length 5.39 m
Width 2.00 m
Height 1.97 m (not including weapon system)
Crew 2+1.

Armour Additional composite armour kit
Primary
armament
12.7mm heavy machine gun,or
Heckler & Koch GMG
Secondary
armament
7.62mm general purpose machine gun
Engine 5.9 litre Cummins ISBe Euro3
185 bhp (134 kW)
Suspension Independent double wishbone, air operated springs and external bypass shock absorbers (2 per wheel station) with variable ride height
Speed 130 km/h

The Jackal or MWMIK (pronounced EmWimmick) or Mobility Weapon-Mounted Installation Kit is a family of vehicles designed and developed by Supacat Ltd at their factory in Honiton, Devon (UK) for use by the British Army. Small production runs are manufactured at the Honiton factory but larger batches are manufactured by Plymouth based company DML (part of Babcock Marine Services, owned by Babcock International Group), the initial order was for up to 100[1] and it was announced on June 27, 2008 that the MOD would be ordering a further 72.[2]

The primary role of the vehicle is for employment where mobility, endurance and manoeuvrability are important; deep battlespace reconnaissance, rapid assault and fire support however it has also been used in a convoy protection role. The MWMIK can carry increased payload and fuel compared to its predecessor, allowing it to carry greater amounts of additional equipment and protection over longer distances and it is able to support itself and its crew for distances of over 497 mi (800 km).[3]

Contents

Design and development

According to the Ministry of Defence, the Jackal "was built to meet the British Army's specific requirements for an agile, well-armed, light patrol vehicle."[3] The vehicle's suspension system provides a more stable firing platform while moving and the 1 metre ground clearance it offers allows it to clear large obstacles. The high levels of off-road mobility enable troops to avoid more conventional routes which may be subject to ambush or enemy reconnaissance.[3]

The vehicle is based on the HMT (High Mobility Truck) 400 high-mobility 4×4 design developed by a former subsidiary of Supacat, now built under licence from Lockheed Martin.[4][5] The chassis is built by Universal Engineering Ltd, the engine by Cummins, the transmission by Allison, the suspension shock absorbers by Fox Racing Shox[6] and the electronics package by Fujitsu and Smartgauge Electronics. The vehicles can be fitted with a range of weapons, such as a 12.7 mm Heavy Machine Gun, 7.62 mm General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) and 40 mm Automatic Grenade Launcher.

The Jackal is capable of maintaining off-road speeds of up to 49 mph (79 km/h) and can reach a top speed of 80 mph (130 km/h).

Afghanistan deployment

The vehicle was procured to provide British forces in Afghanistan with an off-road patrol and fire-support vehicle with increased performance over the Land Rover Wolf WMIK and the Snatch Land Rover which previously fulfilled the role.[7] In particular, the Snatch Land Rover although able to withstand small arms fire, had been thought to be vulnerable to improvised explosive devices and was labelled by some a "mobile coffin".[3][8][9] On 8 April 2008, it was announced that the MWMIK had been deployed to Helmand Province, Afghanistan, as the Jackal 4x4 Patrol Vehicle.[10]

Although the Ministry of Defence has stated that the design of the vehicle hull incorporates the latest armour protection and that it is considered to be among the best in the world, Jackal crews have suffered a number of casualties to IED attacks.[3][11][12][13]

Other versions

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Jackal 2

An updated version of the Jackal has been ordered as Jackal 2. The crew has been increased to four and the main armament moved forward. The chassis has been upgraded allowing the vehicle to carry a greater load and give it greater strength—vital if a vehicle is to survive the blast from a roadside bomb. It also has a larger 6.7 l engine, although this does not increase the speed of the vehicle. Expected delivery of the 110 vehicles is the Summer 2009.[14]

Coyote

Coyote Tactical Support Vehicles are based on a 6x6 derivative of the Jackal with more 70 ordered as medium load carriers, artillery tractors and a range of other platform variants.[14]

The Coyote tactical support vehicle (TSV light) is based on the HMT 600 6×6 chassis from Supacat and will be a larger derivative of the Jackal 2, the two vehicles are designed to be complementary. The extra two wheels will give a heavier vehicle approaching 10,500 kg which will act in support of the Jackal 2 and allow transportation of supplies and equipment over similar terrain (the payload for supplies and equipment will be 1.5t). The Coyote has been designed to fulfil the role of a light tactical service vehicle.

Notes and references

External links


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