|Born||Mabel Ethelreid Normand
November 9, 1892
New Brighton, Staten Island, U.S.
|Died||February 23, 1930 (aged 37)
Monrovia, California, U.S.
|Other name(s)||Mabel Normand-Cody|
|Spouse(s)||Lew Cody (1926–1930)|
Mabel Normand (November 9, 1892? – February 23, 1930) was an American silent film comedienne and actress. She was a popular star of Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios and is noted as one of the film industry's first female screenwriters, producers and directors. Onscreen she co-starred in commercially successful films with Charlie Chaplin and Roscoe Arbuckle, occasionally writing and directing movies featuring Chaplin. At the height of her career in the late 1910s and early 1920s, Normand had her own movie studio and production company.
Throughout the 1920s her name was linked with widely publicized scandals including the 1922 murder of William Desmond Taylor and the 1924 shooting of Courtland S. Dines, who was shot by Normand's chauffeur with her pistol. She was not a suspect in either crime. Her film career declined, possibly due to both scandal and a recurrence of tuberculosis in 1923, which led to a decline in her health, retirement from films and her death in 1930.
Born Mabel Ethelreid Normand in New Brighton, Staten Island, New York, she grew up in extreme poverty. Her father, Claude Normand, was sporadically employed as a carpenter at Sailors' Snug Harbor home for elderly seamen. Before she entered films at age 16 in 1909, Normand worked as an artist's model, which included posing for postcards illustrated by Charles Dana Gibson, creator of the Gibson Girl image. She met director Mack Sennett whilst at D. W. Griffith's Biograph Company and embarked on a tumultuous affair with him; he later brought her across when he founded Keystone Studios in 1912. Her first films portrayed her as a bathing beauty, but Normand quickly demonstrated a flair for comedy and became a star of Sennett's short films. Normand appeared with Charlie Chaplin and Roscoe ("Fatty") Arbuckle in many short films.
In 1914 she starred with Chaplin and Marie Dressler in Tillie's Punctured Romance. In 1918, as her relationship with Sennett came to an end, Normand signed a $3,500 a week contract with Samuel Goldwyn and opened a film studio in Culver City. Her breakup with Sennett seems to have caused Normand to re-evaluate her life and she embarked on a program of self-education, developing keen and lasting interests in reading and books.
Director William Desmond Taylor shared her interest in books and the two formed a close friendship. He was murdered in 1922 only minutes after Normand had left his home. She was closely scrutinized by police but never considered a serious suspect. Newspapers speculated wildly about Normand given reports of her drug use along with her many past appearances in films with Roscoe Arbuckle, who had also recently become enmeshed in scandal.
In 1924 her chauffeur Joe Kelly shot and wounded millionaire oil broker and amateur golfer Courtland S. Dines with her pistol. At the time Dines was romantically involved with Normand's friend (and frequent Chaplin co-star) Edna Purviance.
She continued making films and was signed by Hal Roach Studios in 1926 after discussions with director/producer F. Richard Jones, who had directed her at Keystone. At Roach she made the film Raggedy Rose plus four others which were released with publicity support from the Hollywood community (including her friend Mary Pickford).
In 1926 she married actor Lew Cody with whom she had appeared in Mickey in 1918. They lived separately in nearby houses in Beverly Hills before Cody moved in with her. However, Normand's health was in decline. After an extended stay in a sanitarium she died from tuberculosis in Monrovia, California at the age of 37. She was interred as Mabel Normand-Cody at Calvary Cemetery, Los Angeles.
Mabel Normand has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to Motion Pictures, at 6821 Hollywood Boulevard.
|1910||Indiscretions of Betty|
|1911||Her Awakening||The Daughter|
|Why He Gave Up||The Wife|
|1912||The Water Nymph||Diving Venus||Alternative title: The Beach Flirt|
|The Flirting Husband|
|At Coney Island||Alternative title: Cohen at Coney Island|
|1913||The Bangville Police||Farm Girl|
|A Little Hero|
|Mabel's Awful Mistakes||Alternative title: Her Deceitful Lover|
|Passions, He Had Three||Alternative title: He Had Three|
|For the Love of Mabel|
|Mabel's Dramatic Career||Mabel, the kitchen maid||Alternative title: Her Dramatic Debut|
|The Gypsy Queen|
|Cohen Saves the Flag||Rebecca|
|1914||Mabel's Stormy Love Affair|
|In the Clutches of the Gang|
|Mack at It Again|
|Mabel's Strange Predicament||Mabel||Alternative title: Hotel Mixup|
Added to the National Film Registry in 2009 
|A Film Johnnie||Mabel|
|Mabel at the Wheel||Mabel||Director|
|Caught in a Cabaret||Mabel||Director, writer|
|The Alarm||Alternative title: Fireman's Picnic|
|Her Friend the Bandit||Mabel||Director|
|Mabel's Busy Day||Mabel||Director, writer|
|Mabel's Married Life||Mabel||Writer|
|Mabel's New Job||Writer|
|The Sky Pirate|
|Mabel's Latest Prank||Mabel||Alternative title: Touch of Rheumatism|
Alternative title: On a Busy Wire
|Gentlemen of Nerve||Mabel||Alternative titles: Charlie at the Races
|His Trysting Place||Mabel, The Wife|
|Shotguns That Kick|
|Getting Acquainted||Ambrose's Wife|
|1915||Mabel and Fatty's Wash Day||Mabel|
|Mabel and Fatty's Simple Life||Mabel||Alternative title: Mabel and Fatty's Simple Life|
|Mabel and Fatty Viewing the World's Fair at San Francisco||Mabel||Director|
|Mabel and Fatty's Married Life||Mabel|
|That Little Band of Gold||Wifey||Uncredited
Alternative title: For Better or Worse
|Wished on Mabel||Mabel|
|Mabel's Wilful Way||Mabel||Uncredited|
|Mabel Lost and Won|
|The Little Teacher||The Little Teacher||Alternative title: A Small Town Bully|
|1916||Fatty and Mabel Adrift||Mabel||Alternative title: Concrete Biscuits|
|He Did and He Didn't||The Doctor's Wife|
|1918||The Venus Model||Kitty O'Brien|
|A Perfect 36||Mabel|
|1921||Molly O||Molly O'|
|1922||Head Over Heels||Tina|
|Oh, Mabel Behave||Innkeeper's Daughter|
|The Extra Girl||Sue Graham|
|1926||Raggedy Rose||Raggedy Rose|
|The Nickel-Hopper||Paddy, the nickel hopper|
|1927||Should Men Walk Home?||The Girl Bandit|
|One Hour Married|