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Poster for a circa 1884 American production of Macbeth, starring Thomas W. Keene. Counter clockwise from top-left: Macbeth and Banquo meet the witches, Just after the murder of Duncan, Banquo's ghost, Macbeth duels Macduff.
.The Tragedy of Macbeth', commonly called Macbeth, is a play by William Shakespeare about a regicide and its aftermath.^ Browse more Plays by William Shakespeare .
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth was a interesting book/play wrote by William Shakespeare .
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare .
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is Shakespeare's shortest tragedy and is believed to have been written sometime between 1603 and 1607. The earliest account of a performance of what was likely Shakespeare's play is April 1611, when Simon Forman recorded seeing such a play at the Globe Theatre.^ First Performance of Play : Probably between 1605 and 1607 at the Globe Theatre.

^ Macbeth is the shortest of Shakespeare's tragedies.

^ Ideally, you should see the play in live performance.

It was first published in the Folio of 1623, possibly from a prompt book for a specific performance.
.Shakespeare's sources for the tragedy are the accounts of Macbeth, Macduff, and Duncan in Holinshed's Chronicles (1587), a history of England, Scotland and Ireland familiar to Shakespeare and his contemporaries.^ Macbeth is based (very loosely) upon history, and Shakespeare discovered the story in Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (1577) by Raphael Holinshed .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shakespeare's Holinshed; the Chronicle and the plays compared.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dates and Sources Probable Main Source : Shakespeare based Macbeth primarily on accounts in The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (Holinsheds Chronicles), by Raphael Holinshed (?-1580?

.However, the story of Macbeth as told by Shakespeare bears no relation to real events in Scottish history as Macbeth was an admired and able monarch (See Macbeth of Scotland).^ This is not the way Shakespeare told the story.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ Shakespeare shows us in Macbeth a rapid degeneration from loyal general to bloody despot - a story, by the way, which has many parallels in the modern world.

^ Macbeth is based (very loosely) upon history, and Shakespeare discovered the story in Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (1577) by Raphael Holinshed .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the back-stage world of theatre, some believe the play is cursed and will not mention its name aloud, referring to it instead as The Scottish play.^ On the subject of "the curse" of Macbeth, the play's name is said to have been cursed by 17th Century Witch es, who resented real spells appearing in the play's text.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The heavy events Some historians have dated heavy events back to the 1829 B.C. Tailtenn Games, which would make them the one of the oldest continuing athletic traditions in the world.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ No living birds are mentioned when the three witches are on stage, the only reference to one is a part of their potion, a " howlet's wing " is used in the infamous " [Hubble-Bubble " potion .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Over the centuries, the play has attracted some of the greatest actors in the roles of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.^ Lady Macbeth was the wife of Macbeth in the play Macbeth.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The great challenge for an actor playing Macbeth is to make the audience like him, despite all the dreadful acts he is involved in."
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shakespeare appears to have seasoned Macbeth and an earlier play, Titus Andronicus , with some of Seneca's ghoulish condiments.

.The play has been adapted to film, television, opera, novels, comic books, and other media.^ Discuss how the play's themes are treated in soap-opera, television drama, feature films and popular magazines.

^ And don't call the play a "film" or a "book" .

Contents

Characters

  • Ross, Lennox, Angus, Menteith, Caithness – Scottish Thanes
  • Siward – Earl of Northumberland, General of the English forces
    • Young Siward – Siward's son
  • Seyton – Macbeth's servant and attendant
  • Hecate – Chief witch/Goddess of Witchcraft
  • Three Witches – make the prediction of Macbeth becoming a King and Banquo's children being kings.
  • Three Murderers
  • Porter (or Messenger) – Gatekeeper at Macbeth's home
  • Scottish Doctor – Lady Macbeth's doctor
  • The Gentlewoman – Lady Macbeth's caretaker

Synopsis

Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches' conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer
.The first act of the play opens amidst thunder and lightning, with the Three Witches deciding that their next meeting shall be with Macbeth.^ Enter three Witches First Witch When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ THIRD WITCH: There to meet with Macbeth.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Witch: There to meet with Macbeth.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

.In the following scene, a wounded captain reports to King Duncan of Scotland that his generals Macbeth, who is the Thane of Glamis, and Banquo have just defeated the allied forces of Norway and Ireland, who were led by the traitor Macdonwald.^ Macbeth : Ambitious army general in Scotland.

^ Macbeth , Thane of Glamis, later of Cawdor, .

^ Macbeth, A general in the King's army.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macbeth, the King's kinsman, is praised for his bravery and fighting prowess.^ After Macbeth presents himself before Duncan, the king heaps praises on the general for his battlefield prowess and announces that he will visit Macbeth at his castle at Inverness.

^ Centuries before Macbeth, King Kenneth MacAlpin, "founded Scotland" by uniting the Picts and the Scots, i.e., getting them to fight foreigners rather than each other.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

The scene changes. .Macbeth and Banquo enter, discussing the weather and their victory ("So foul and fair a day I have not seen").^ The day is extremely foul (weather) and extremely fair (MacDonald has been disemboweled.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Act I: Scene III Macbeth, Banquo, 3 witches Macbeth: So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

.As they wander onto a heath, the three Witches enter, who have been waiting to greet them with prophecies.^ Enter HECATE to the other three Witches .
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Enter the three witches, singing and dancing.

^ Enter three Witches First Witch When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Even though it is Banquo who first challenges them, they address Macbeth.^ Here had we now our countrys honor roofed, Were the graced person of our Banquo present Who may I rather challenge for unkindness Than pity for mischance!

^ Third Witch Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none: So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ THIRD WITCH: Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none: So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first Witch hails Macbeth as "Thane of Glamis", the second as "Thane of Cawdor", and the third proclaims that he shall "be King hereafter". Macbeth appears to be stunned to silence, so again Banquo challenges them.^ "All hail Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter!"
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor!
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]
  • "SCOTS ON THE ROCK"  - A Parody Of MACBETH 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.shakespeare-parodies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Banquos ghost later appears to Macbeth.

.The Witches inform Banquo he shall father a line of kings, though he himself will not be one.^ BANQUO You shall be king.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ BANQUO: You shall be king.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He remembers too well the prophecy of the witches that Banquo will father a kingly line.

.While the two men wonder at these pronouncements, the Witches vanish, and another Thane, Ross, a messenger from the King, arrives and informs Macbeth of his newly bestowed title—Thane of Cawdor.^ When the Second Witch addresses him as Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth is dumbfounded.

^ SECOND WITCH: All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MACBETH It must have been these two attendants.

The first prophecy is thus fulfilled. .Immediately, Macbeth begins to harbour ambitions of becoming king.^ Maslow 's hierarchy of motives is shown in Macbeth as he progresses through the esteem needs of ambition and prestige, becoming closer to self-actualization.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Third Witch then predicts that Macbeth will one day become king and that Banquo will beget a line of kings, although he himself will not ascend the throne.

^ When the witches predict that Macbeth will become king and that Banquo will beget a line of kings, both men react by speaking contradictions reflecting caution and confusion.

.Macbeth writes to his wife about the Witches' prophecies.^ The witches' prophecy did not exclude such possibility and at one point Macbeth says, "If chance will have me king, why chance may crown me without my stir."
  • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The essential characters are there, including the witches (whose prophecies Shakespeare took almost verbatim), Macbeth, Duncan , Banquo , Fleance , and MacDuff .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From then on, Macbeth and his wife, Lady Macbeth become ‘evil’, and pursue the witches’ prediction, and plot to kill Duncan.
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Duncan decides to stay at the Macbeths' castle at Inverness, Lady Macbeth hatches a plan to murder him and secure the throne for her husband.^ Lady Macbeth is dead, fallen from the castle.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ After Duncan arrives at Macbeth's castle with his sons and his entourage, Lady Macbeth greets the king while Macbeth broods elsewhere in the castle.

^ It was the last of three memorable lectures by him on three great literary murder sagas: Camus's The Stranger , Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment , and Shakespeare's Macbeth .
  • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although Macbeth raises concerns about the regicide, Lady Macbeth eventually persuades him, by challenging his manhood, to follow her plan.^ LADY MACBETH What are you talking about?

^ Lady Macbeth starts hitting him again.

^ Everyone follows Lady Macbeth offstage.

.On the night of the king's visit, Macbeth kills Duncan.^ (Macbeth exits to kill Duncan ).
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A messenger arrives to tell Lady Macbeth that King Duncan will visit her and Macbeth that very night.

^ MACBETH I didn't mean to kill the King.

.The deed is not seen by the audience, but it leaves Macbeth so shaken that Lady Macbeth has to take charge.^ Lady Macbeth takes the daggers and exits.

^ LADY MACBETH You must leave this.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ LADY MACBETH Take it easy!

.In accordance with her plan, she frames Duncan's sleeping servants for the murder by planting bloody daggers on them.^ (Macbeth enters Duncans room, walks past the sleeping guards and takes their daggers and then stabs Duncan to death.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ SCENE ONE: The Macbeths have been unable to sleep properly since Duncan's murder, and it is taking its toll.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet when Macbeth declares that he still has the initiate’s fear that lacks hard use (3.4.141-42), he has already killed King Duncan, the two servants he framed for Duncan’s murder, had Banquo murdered, and wished the same fate for Banquo’s son, Fleance.
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

.Early the next morning, Lennox, a Scottish nobleman, and Macduff, the loyal Thane of Fife, arrive.^ Macduff is thane of Fife?
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ross, a Scottish lord, then arrives to report the coup de grâce: Duncans forces have vanquished the Norwegians and a Scottish defector, the thane (lord) of Cawdor 1 .

^ The three witches tell Macbeth to beware of Macduff, a Scottish nobleman.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

[1] .A porter opens the gate and Macbeth leads them to the king's chamber, where Macduff discovers Duncan's corpse.^ MacDuff Yes, Macbeth will be king!
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its leading me to King Duncans room.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (More knocking; porter opens the gate).
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a feigned fit of anger, Macbeth murders the guards before they can protest their innocence.^ Act III: Scene IV Macbeths Castle (Macbeth & Murderer) Macbeth: Theres blood upon they face.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Everybody knows Macbeth murdered Duncan, but they make him king anyway.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Murderer appears at the door MACBETH      See, they encounter thee with their hearts' thanks.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macduff is immediately suspicious of Macbeth, but does not reveal his suspicions publicly.^ Does Macbeth want to fight MacDuff?

^ How does Lady MacDuff differ from Lady Macbeth?

^ Macduff says that if Macbeth does not fight, he will be taken around the countryside as a freak .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Fearing for their lives, Duncan's sons flee, Malcolm to England and his brother Donalbain to Ireland.^ Donalbain and Malcom leave for Ireland and England , fearing for their lives.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth's reign came to an end when he was killed in battle by Malcolm III, the son of Duncan who had fled to England for protection after Duncan's death.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ Duncan's two sons, Malcolm and Donald, fled Scotland when their father was killed.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

.The rightful heirs' flight makes them suspects and Macbeth assumes the throne as the new King of Scotland as a kinsman of the dead king.^ Macbeth was a generous and beneficent king who brought peace and prosperity to Scotland during his 17 year reign from 1040 to 1057.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ In truth, Macbeth was a good king, and ruled Scotland for 17 years, following on from the weak King Duncan .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SCENE ONE: Macbeth is now King, but Banquo suspects him.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Macbeth seeing the Ghost of Banquo by Théodore Chassériau.
.Despite his success, Macbeth remains uneasy about the prophecy about Banquo.^ Macbeth is about to sit, when he sees the ghost of Banquo in his chair and babbles.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The essential characters are there, including the witches (whose prophecies Shakespeare took almost verbatim), Macbeth, Duncan , Banquo , Fleance , and MacDuff .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One might expect the ghost of Duncan to appear at the Banquet over Banquo's, but this play, as the constant reiteration of prophecy demonstrates, is about the future of the monarchy, not its past.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.So Macbeth invites him to a royal banquet and discovers that Banquo and his young son, Fleance, will be riding out that night.^ FLEANCE, son to Banquo.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fleance, son to Banquo .

^ Banquo tells Macbeth that he is riding with his son that afternoon.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.He hires two men to kill them.^ It seems reasonable that he would send somebody knowledgeable to help two disenfranchised persons (not professional hit men) kill a mighty warrior and his teenaged son.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why did Macbeth hire the two men?

A third murderer appears mysteriously in the park before the murder. .While the assassins kill Banquo, Fleance escapes.^ Banquo is murdered, Fleance escapes.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Fleance escapes but Banquo is dead.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ FLEANCE kills BANQUO. Exeunt.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the banquet, Banquo's ghost enters and sits in Macbeth's place.^ Banquos ghost later appears to Macbeth.

^ Macbeth is about to sit, when he sees the ghost of Banquo in his chair and babbles.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Banquo's ghost haunts Macbeth.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

.Only Macbeth can see the spectre; the rest panic at the sight of Macbeth raging at an empty chair, until a desperate Lady Macbeth orders them to leave.^ Only Macbeth can see the Ghost.

^ LADY MACBETH You must leave this.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ LADY MACBETH I'd like to see them try!

.Macbeth, disturbed, goes to the Witches once more.^ Once he gets back to the kingdom he is rewarded by the king for doing this and becomes the a ...more Macbeth was a interesting book/play wrote by William Shakespeare .
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bursting with pride and ambition, Macbeth sends a letter home to his wife, Lady Macbeth, informing her of the prediction of the witches, who have more in them than mortal knowledge (1.

^ Macbeth, of course, goes on to commit an even more heinous crime, murder.

.They conjure up three spirits with three further warnings and prophecies, which tell him to "beware Macduff", but also that "none of woman born shall harm Macbeth" and he will "never vanquish'd be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him". Since Macduff is in exile in England, Macbeth assumes that he is safe; so he puts to death everyone in Macduff's castle, including Macduff's wife and their young children.^ "Macbeth shall never vanquished be, until/ Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill/Shall come against him."
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Third Apparition Be lion-mettled, proud; and take no care Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are: Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against him.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I will not be afraid of death and bane,     Till Birnam forest come to Dunsinane.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lady Macbeth becomes wracked with guilt from the crimes she and her husband have committed.^ Lady Macbeth turns triumphantly to her husband.

^ Lady Macbeth goes insane with guilt over the murders her husband has committed and kills herself.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ The crime, and the punishment, of Macbeth are inseparable from that of Lady Macbeth.
  • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

.She sleepwalks and tries to wash imaginary bloodstains from her hands, all the while speaking of the terrible things she knows.^ Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood     Clean from my hand?
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth: Will not all great Neptunes oceans wash this blood clean from my hands?
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This is a reversal in nature, and in those times that is exactly what the murder of a king by anyone's hand but God 's would have seemed like- a reversal in all things natural.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Lady Macbeth sleepwalking by Henry Fuseli.
.In England, Malcolm and Macduff are informed by Ross that "your castle is surprised, your wives and babes savagely slaughtered."^ On a field in England, Malcolm enters with Macduff.

^ ROSS: Your castle is surprised; Your wife and babes savagely slaughter'd.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ross Let not your ears despise my tongue forever…Your castle is surprised; your wife and babes savagely slaughtered!
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macbeth, now viewed as a tyrant, sees many of his thanes defecting.^ (Lady Macbeth) 5/1/35-40 "The Thane of Fife had a wife; where is she now?/What, will these hands ne'er be clean?
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth (To himself) Thane of Glamis I am, and now thane of Cawdor.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Malcolm leads an army, along with Macduff and Englishmen Siward (the Elder), the Earl of Northumberland, against Dunsinane Castle.^ Siward : Earl of Northumberland, general of the English forces.

^ In 1054, Earl Siward of Northumberland, who spirited Malcolm to England after Duncan's death, invaded Scotland.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On a field in front of Macbeth's castle in Dunsinane, Malcolm enters, carrying a bough of a tree.

.While encamped in Birnam Wood, the soldiers are ordered to cut down and carry tree limbs to camouflage their numbers, thus fulfilling the Witches' third prophecy.^ (Soldiers cut down trees.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Malcolm: Let every soldier cut down a tree, we will use it as a shield to hide our numbers.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Then another apparition, a crowned child, tells him that he cannot die unless the trees of Birnam Wood march against him.

.Meanwhile, Macbeth delivers a soliloquy ("Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow") upon his learning of Lady Macbeth's death (the cause is undisclosed, and it is assumed by some that she committed suicide, as Malcolm's final reference to her reveals "'tis thought, by self and violent hands / took off her life").^ Lady Macbeth goes psychiatric (definitely) and commits suicide (maybe).
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does Lady Macbeth commit suicide or die of cardiac complications?
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lady Macbeth, looking at the blood on his hands.

.A battle culminates in the slaying of the young Siward and Macduff's confrontation with Macbeth.^ SCENE FOUR: Malcom, Siward, Young Siward, Macduff and the British soldiers have joined forces with the Scottish forces.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (He is now like a beast , less than a man) Macbeth meets and kills Young Siward, but Macduff is catching up...
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His soldiers enter behind him (including Siward, Young Siward, Macduff, Mentieth, Caithness, Angus, Lennox and Ross) and they all cross the stage and exit.

.Macbeth boasts that he has no reason to fear Macduff, for he cannot be killed by any man born of woman.^ No one born of woman can harm me!
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ MacDuff kills Macbeth.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth: Who is here that was not born of woman?
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

.Macduff declares that he was "from his mother's womb untimely ripp'd" (i.e., born by Caesarean section) and was therefore not "of woman born".^ MacDuff is the essential figure of equivocation in the play, the solution to the witches' riddle of how Macbeth could be killed by no man of woman born.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Macduff reveals that he was not of woman born but was untimely rippd (5.

^ (Macduff was born by caesarean section - refer Apparitions 1 and 2) Macbeth loses hope, and refuses to fight.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macbeth realizes, too late, he has misinterpreted the Witches' prophecies.^ The essential characters are there, including the witches (whose prophecies Shakespeare took almost verbatim), Macbeth, Duncan , Banquo , Fleance , and MacDuff .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From here, Macbeth reverses again and must have Lady Macbeth help him rediscover his courage for aiding himself in fulfilling the witches’ prophecy that he shall be king (1.7).
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth commands the witches to explain their prophecies, but they vanish.

.Macduff beheads Macbeth off stage and thereby fulfills the last of the prophecies.^ Macbeth leads the others off the stage.

^ Macbeth hears a noise off stage.

^ The essential characters are there, including the witches (whose prophecies Shakespeare took almost verbatim), Macbeth, Duncan , Banquo , Fleance , and MacDuff .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although Malcolm is placed on the throne and not Fleance, the witches' prophecy concerning Banquo, "Thou shalt [be]get kings", was known to the audience of Shakespeare's time to be true, for James I of England (also James VI of Scotland) was supposedly a descendant of Banquo.^ King James was descended from Duncan, the king Macbeth killed, and from Malcolm, the king who killed Macbeth and took the throne of Scotland.
  • 2004-09-08 Wednesday, September 8, 2004 - Estes Park Trail-Gazette 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.eptrail.com [Source type: News]

^ Thou knowest that Banquo and his Fleance live.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps because James I, the King of England when the play debuted, was a descendant of Banquo.

Sources

.Macbeth has been compared to Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra. Both Antony and Macbeth as characters seek a new world, even at the cost of the old one.^ Jan 04, 2008 Ti'quonn rated it: Macbeth, by William Shakespeare , is one of his finest works.
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The essential characters are there, including the witches (whose prophecies Shakespeare took almost verbatim), Macbeth, Duncan , Banquo , Fleance , and MacDuff .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lucky for me, The Tragedy of Macbeth is one of Shakespeare’s shortest plays and probably has the easiest message to comprehend-the corrupted nature of power and greed, and the terrible affects it can have.
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

Both are fighting for a throne and have a 'nemesis' to face in order to achieve that throne. For Antony the nemesis is Octavius, whereas for Macbeth it is Banquo. .At one point Macbeth even compares himself to Antony, saying "under Banquo / My Genius is rebuk'd, as it is said / Mark Antony's was by Caesar."^ There is none but he Whose being I do fear: and, under him, My Genius is rebuked; as, it is said, Mark Antony's was by Caesar.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth (to himself) It will have blood: they say blood will have blood.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MACBETH You said my name!

.Lastly, both plays contain powerful female figures: Cleopatra and Lady Macbeth.^ Lucky for me, The Tragedy of Macbeth is one of Shakespeare’s shortest plays and probably has the easiest message to comprehend-the corrupted nature of power and greed, and the terrible affects it can have.
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lady Macbeth pushes her husband's sword, so that it plunges into both attendants, killing them instantly.

^ At the end of the play, Lady Macbeth is mopey and quiet and has hallucinations, and Macbeth is verbally abusive.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.Shakespeare borrowed the story from several tales in Holinshed's Chronicles, a popular history of the British Isles known to Shakespeare and his contemporaries.^ Shakespeare's Holinshed; the Chronicle and the plays compared.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As with his other histories, Shakespeare took his characters and plot largely from contemporary chronicles, including Holinshed 's.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth is based (very loosely) upon history, and Shakespeare discovered the story in Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (1577) by Raphael Holinshed .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Chronicles, a man named Donwald finds several of his family put to death by his king, King Duff, for dealing with witches.^ She was the daughter of a man named Biote (Beoedhe), who was in turn the son of King Kenneth III "the Grim" who Malcolm II had killed to become king.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Holinshed talks about the murder of King Duff by Donwald in the century before Macbeth.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

.After being pressured by his wife, he and four of his servants kill the King in his own house.^ She convinced her husband to kill the king and his servants.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Macbeth killed Gillacomgain, he took his widow Gruoch for his own wife, and raised Lulach as their stepson.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm going to kill Macduff's wife and his kids and his servants, and anyone else who is in his castle.

.In the "Chronicles", Macbeth is portrayed as struggling to maintain the kingdom in the face of King Duncan's ineptitude.^ King Duncan welcomes Macbeth .

^ Should Macbeth have assassinated King Duncan?
  • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Duncan arrives at Macbeth's castle with his sons and his entourage, Lady Macbeth greets the king while Macbeth broods elsewhere in the castle.

.He and Banquo meet the three witches, who make exactly the same prophecies as in Shakespeare's version.^ Witch When shall we three meet again?
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ WITCHES (singing) When shall we three meet again?

^ Enter the three Witches meeting HECATE.] .
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macbeth and Banquo then together plot the murder of Duncan, at Lady Macbeth's urging.^ LADY MACBETH Is Banquo gone from court?

^ How are Lady and Macbeth acting after the murder?

^ LADY MACBETH     There are two lodged together.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macbeth has a long, ten-year reign before eventually being overthrown by Macduff and Malcolm.^ Macduff kneels before Malcolm.

^ In front of Macbeth's castle in Inverness, Duncan enters with Malcolm and Donalbain, followed by Banquo, Lennox, MACDUFF, Ross and various attendants.

^ Macduff then kills Macbeth, and Malcolm becomes king.

The parallels between the two versions are clear. .However, some scholars think that George Buchanan's Rerum Scoticarum Historia matches Shakespeare's version more closely.^ Shakespeare may also have used Declaration of Egregious Popishe Impostures (1603), by Samuel Harsnett; Rerum Scoticarum Historia (1582), by George Buchanan; and published reports of witch trials in Scotland.

^ However, many (if not most) scholars have strong doubts that this scene was written by Shakespeare.

^ Importantly, however, Shakespeare does include in his version of events the military aid lent to Malcolm under the Earl of Northumberland .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Buchanan's work was available in Latin in Shakespeare's day.[3]
.No other version of the story has Macbeth kill the king in Macbeth's own castle.^ MACBETH I didn't mean to kill the King.

^ After Duncan arrives at Macbeth's castle with his sons and his entourage, Lady Macbeth greets the king while Macbeth broods elsewhere in the castle.

^ After Macbeth killed Gillacomgain, he took his widow Gruoch for his own wife, and raised Lulach as their stepson.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

Scholars have seen this change of Shakespeare's as adding to the darkness of Macbeth's crime as the worst violation of hospitality. .Versions of the story that were common at the time had Duncan being killed in an ambush at Inverness, not in a castle.^ In front of Macbeth's castle in Inverness, Duncan enters with Malcolm and Donalbain, followed by Banquo, Lennox, MACDUFF, Ross and various attendants.

^ After Macbeth presents himself before Duncan, the king heaps praises on the general for his battlefield prowess and announces that he will visit Macbeth at his castle at Inverness.

^ The scenes in Scotland are set at or near King Duncans castle at Forres, at Macbeths castle on Dunsinane Hill in the county of Inverness, and in countryside locales where the three witches meet.

.Shakespeare conflated the story of Donwald and King Duff in what was a significant change to the story.^ Holinshed talks about the murder of King Duff by Donwald in the century before Macbeth.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]
Shakespeare made another revealing change. .In the Chronicles, Banquo is an accomplice in Macbeth's murder of King Duncan.^ Murderer     (nods) MACBETH     You know Banquo was your enemy.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Duncan arrives at Macbeth's castle with his sons and his entourage, Lady Macbeth greets the king while Macbeth broods elsewhere in the castle.

^ In truth, Macbeth was a good king, and ruled Scotland for 17 years, following on from the weak King Duncan .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.He also plays an important part in ensuring that Macbeth, not Malcolm, takes the throne in the coup that follows.^ In front of Macbeth's castle in Inverness, Duncan enters with Malcolm and Donalbain, followed by Banquo, Lennox, MACDUFF, Ross and various attendants.

^ Macbeth got angry, and MacDuff wet to England to encourage Malcolm come back and take the throne.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1057, Duncan's oldest son, Malcolm, ended Macbeth's reign by killing him in battle and later assuming the throne as Malcolm III. The Real Banquo In Holinshed's Chronicles , the historical work on which Shakespeare based his play, the real Banquo is depicted as a conniver who took part in the plot to assassinate King Duncan.

[5] .In Shakespeare's day, Banquo was thought to be a direct ancestor of the Stuart King James I.^ Since Banquo was supposed to be the ancestor of Shakespeare's own king James I, this wouldn't really do.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps because James I, the King of England when the play debuted, was a descendant of Banquo.

^ For some reason, perhaps to give his own Stuart king some more glamorous ancestors, Boece made up Banquo and Fleance.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

[6][7] .The Banquo portrayed in historical sources is significantly different from the Banquo created by Shakespeare.^ Why did Shakespeare portray Banquo as one of Macbeth's innocent victims?

Critics have proposed several reasons for this change. .First, to portray the king's ancestor as a murderer would have been risky.^ It would not do to suggest that His Royal Majesty's ancestor was a murderer.

^ This is a reversal in nature, and in those times that is exactly what the murder of a king by anyone's hand but God 's would have seemed like- a reversal in all things natural.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First Murderer And I another So weary with disasters, tugg'd with fortune, That I would set my lie on any chance, To mend it, or be rid on't.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Second, Shakespeare may have altered Banquo's character simply because there was no dramatic need for another accomplice to the murder; there was, however, a need to provide a dramatic contrast to Macbeth—a role which many scholars argue is filled by Banquo.^ MACBETH There's no point in fighting me because I have a charmed life.

^ Second Murderer He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers Our offices and what we have to do To the direction just.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The name because popular because of Edward the Confessor, a good man whose saintliness (celebrated in Macbeth ), contrasts with his Scotch counterpart's nastiness.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .Other authors of the time who wrote about Banquo, such as Jean de Schelandre in his Stuartide, also changed history by portraying Banquo as a noble man rather than a murderer, probably for the same reasons.^ Henry Garnet, a Jesuit and priest who was implicated in the Gunpowder Plot, wrote A Treatise of Equivocation about how to mislead and answer ambiguously under oath.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The procession of kings ends with a mirror (probably held by Banquo rather than another king, as in some notes.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Virtuous-talking Banquo ("Let's have a thorough investigation sometime") acquiesces to murder, confirming what every teen knows about adult hypocrisy.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Date and text

Facsimile of the first page of Macbeth from the First Folio, published in 1623
Macbeth cannot be dated precisely owing to significant evidence of later revisions. .Many scholars conjecture the likely date of composition to be between 1603 and 1606.[9][10] As the play seems to be aimed at celebrating King James's ancestors and the Stuart accession to the throne in 1603 (James believed himself to be descended from Banquo),[11] they argue that the play is unlikely to have been composed earlier than 1603; and suggest that the parade of eight kings—which the witches show Macbeth in a vision in Act IV—is a compliment to King James.^ Witch Lesser than Macbeth and greater!
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps because James I, the King of England when the play debuted, was a descendant of Banquo.

^ All Witches: So all hail Macbeth and Banquo.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

.Other editors conjecture a more specific date of 1605–6, the principal reasons being possible allusions to the Gunpowder Plot and its ensuing trials.^ Questions for Discussion : (1) Murdering a king was considered an especially heinous crime in the aftermath of the Gunpowder Plot in England in November 1605.

.The Porter's speech (Act II, scene III, lines1-21), in particular, may contain allusions to the trial of the Jesuit Henry Garnet in spring, 1606; "equivocator" (line 8) may refer to Garnet's defence of "equivocation" [see: Doctrine of mental reservation], and "farmer" (4) to one of Garnet's aliases.^ Act III, scene 3 .

^ Act III, scene 2 .

^ Macbeth Act III, scenes 3,4 .

[12] .However, "farmer" is a common word, and the concept of "equivocation" was also the subject of a 1583 tract by Queen Elizabeth's chief councillor Lord Burghley, and of the 1584 Doctrine of Equivocation by the Spanish prelate Martin Azpilcueta, which was disseminated across Europe and into England in the 1590s.^ Macbeth was written specifically to be performed for, and to please, King James I. James Stuart was already King James VI of Scotland when Queen Elizabeth's death made him James I of England as well.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

[13]
.Scholars also cite an entertainment seen by King James at Oxford in the summer of 1605 that featured three "sibyls" like the weird sisters; Kermode surmises that Shakespeare could have heard about this and alluded to it with the weird sisters.^ Shakespeare refers to the three witches as the weird sisters .

^ Banquo Thous hast it now, King, Cawdor, Glamis, all as the weird sisters promised, and I fear thou playest most foully for it.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Ross questions Macbeth about what he has seen, Lady Macbeth says the kings fit has grown worse, and she sends the guests away.

[14] .However, A. R. Braunmuller in the New Cambridge edition finds the 1605-6 arguments inconclusive, and argues only for an earliest date of 1603.[15] The play is not considered to have been written any later than 1607, since, as Kermode notes, there are "fairly clear allusions to the play in 1607."[14] The earliest account of a performance of the play is April 1611, when Simon Forman recorded seeing it at the Globe Theatre.^ Date Written : Probably by 1605 but no later than 1607.

^ First Performance of Play : Probably between 1605 and 1607 at the Globe Theatre.

^ Her portrait was hung in the theatre and some time later, when another production of the play was having its opening, the portrait fell from the wall.

[16]
.Macbeth was first printed in the First Folio of 1623 and the Folio is the only source for the text.^ The Historical Macduff [link is now down] -- According to this source, the first Earl of Fife was one Ethelred, so designated in 1057, shortly after Macbeth was finally killed.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

The text that survives had been plainly altered by later hands. .Most notable is the inclusion of two songs from Thomas Middleton's play The Witch (1615); Middleton is conjectured to have inserted an extra scene involving the witches and Hecate, for these scenes had proven highly popular with audiences.^ As the weird witches promised, and I fear he played most foully for it.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ SCENE ONE: Three witches discuss when they will meet Macbeth, and set play's values.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.These revisions, which since the Clarendon edition of 1869 have been assumed to include all of Act III, scene v, and a portion of Act IV, scene I, are often indicated in modern texts.^ Macbeth Act III, scenes 3,4 .

^ Act III, scene 5 .

^ Act IV, scene 1 .

[17] .On this basis, many scholars reject all three of the interludes with the goddess Hecate as inauthentic.^ Four named witches appear in Macbeth the three hags who open the play and later Hecate, the goddess of sorcery.

Even with the Hecate material, the play is conspicuously short, and so the Folio text may derive from a prompt book that had been substantially cut for performance, or an adapter cut the text himself.

Themes and motifs

.Macbeth is an anomaly among Shakespeare's tragedies in certain critical ways.^ Macbeth is a Shakespeare an tragedy - a noble hero who is twisted by a fatal flaw (in this case, unchecked ambition ) and ends up bringing about his own destruction .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ THE TRAGEDY OF MACBETH a one-act play version of the play by William Shakespeare edited and condensed by J. P. Crabb .
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The entire play can be found at the following nodes: I am reformatting it for E2 from http://tech-two.mit.edu/Shakespeare/Tragedy/macbeth/macbeth.html Macbeth Dramatis Personae .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is short: more than a thousand lines shorter than Othello and King Lear, and only slightly more than half as long as Hamlet.^ Cawdor lives, A prosperous gentleman; and to be king Stands not within the prospect of belief, No more than to be Cawdor.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I can only say, more is thy due than more than all can pay.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth says the glass shows him "many more," while James would've been the only king reflected in the glass; this line hints to James' lineage retaining the throne in the generations to come, a sentiment he was sure to have appreciated.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

This brevity has suggested to many critics that the received version is based on a heavily cut source, perhaps a prompt-book for a particular performance. .That brevity has also been connected to other unusual features: the fast pace of the first act, which has seemed to be "stripped for action"; the comparative flatness of the characters other than Macbeth; the oddness of Macbeth himself compared with other Shakespearean tragic heroes.^ In act 3 scene 1, how does macbeth explain to the men why he himself cannot murder banquo .
  • Macbeth Message Board 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC mb.sparknotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First Witch     Lesser than Macbeth, and greater.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is first shown in Act I when Macbeth realizes that all he has to make him murder Duncan is "vaulting ambition."
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

As a tragedy of character

.At least since the days of Alexander Pope and Samuel Johnson, analysis of the play has centred on the question of Macbeth's ambition, commonly seen as so dominant a trait that it defines the character.^ MACBETH So foul and fair a day I have not seen.

^ MACBETH: So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As you read the play "Macbeth" (Page 134 in DWM), please do these questions.

Johnson asserted that Macbeth, though esteemed for his military bravery, is wholly reviled. This opinion recurs in critical literature. .Like Richard III, but without that character's perversely appealing exuberance, Macbeth wades through blood until his inevitable fall.^ Act III: Scene IV Macbeths Castle (Macbeth & Murderer) Macbeth: Theres blood upon they face.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ MACBETH Can such things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder?
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Lady Macbeth, misogynist, wants to lose her femininity so she can be cold-blooded and commit murder like a man does.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

.As Kenneth Muir writes, "Macbeth has not a predisposition to murder; he has merely an inordinate ambition that makes murder itself seem to be a lesser evil than failure to achieve the crown."^ WITCH-WITCH Lesser than Macbeth, and greater.

^ Witch Lesser than Macbeth and greater!
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Witch: All hail, Banquo, lesser than Macbeth and greater.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

Some critics, such as E. E. Stoll, explain this characterisation as a holdover from Senecan or medieval tradition. Shakespeare's audience, in this view, expected villains to be wholly bad, and Senecan style, far from prohibiting a villainous protagonist, all but demanded it.
Yet for other critics, it has not been so easy to resolve the question of Macbeth's motivation. .Robert Bridges, for instance, perceived a paradox: a character able to express such convincing horror before Duncan's murder would likely be incapable of committing the crime.^ Lady Macbeth, misogynist, wants to lose her femininity so she can be cold-blooded and commit murder like a man does.
  • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet this also serves as a paradox - the parody also furthers the tension by prolonging the time between Duncan's murder and the continuation of the plot.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is a reversal in nature, and in those times that is exactly what the murder of a king by anyone's hand but God 's would have seemed like- a reversal in all things natural.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.For many critics, Macbeth's motivations in the first act appear vague and insufficient.^ This is first shown in Act I when Macbeth realizes that all he has to make him murder Duncan is "vaulting ambition."
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Cast and Acting The first person onto the stage is perhaps the most well-known; Macbeth, in this production, is played by Patrick Stewart , with all his considerable skill.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many soldiers run away) Act V: Scene VI Lennox, Macbeth, Malcolm, Macduff, Soldiers Lennox: My lord, the soldiers have fled away in fear.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

.John Dover Wilson hypothesised that Shakespeare's original text had an extra scene or scenes in which husband and wife discussed their plans.^ SCENE TWO: A drunk Lady Macbeth waits for her husband to return, going over the plan.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This interpretation is not fully provable; however, the motivating role of ambition for Macbeth is universally recognised.^ Maslow 's hierarchy of motives is shown in Macbeth as he progresses through the esteem needs of ambition and prestige, becoming closer to self-actualization.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.The evil actions motivated by his ambition seem to trap him in a cycle of increasing evil, as Macbeth himself recognises: "I am in blood/Stepp'd in so far that, should I wade no more,/Returning were as tedious as go o'er."^ "I am in blood/Stepped in so far, that should I wade no more,/Returning were as tedious as to go o'er."
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth shall sleep no more!"
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth (to himself) It will have blood: they say blood will have blood.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

As a tragedy of moral order

.The disastrous consequences of Macbeth's ambition are not limited to him, of course.^ This is first shown in Act I when Macbeth realizes that all he has to make him murder Duncan is "vaulting ambition."
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In which Macbeth's stolen power and ambition twist him.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Almost from the moment of the murder, the play depicts Scotland as a land shaken by inversions of the natural order.^ At the moment that Macbeth murders Duncan, nature cries out through the birds.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The greatest reversal of the play and one of the greatest examples of the twists in natural events concerns the fortunes of Scotland .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the play begins, King Duncan has successfully warded off invaders from foreign lands, maintaining the peace and prosperity of Scotland.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Shakespeare may have intended a reference to the great chain of being, although the play's images of disorder are mostly not specific enough to support detailed intellectual readings.^ The following one-act play version of William Shakespeare's Hamlet is in the public domain and may be performed without paying royalties.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gifted & Talented--Creative Projects Flashcards Vocabulary Power Writing to Support Reading Grammar aids Discover Shakespeare!
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.He may also have intended an elaborate compliment to James's belief in the divine right of kings, although this hypothesis, outlined at greatest length by Henry N. Paul, is not universally accepted.^ The concept of "natural" is crucial to Jacobean political ideology, intimately tied to the divine ordination of kings James believed in and wanted to promote.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In James' philosophy , a rightful king, ordained by God , comes to the throne via natural succession—in this instance a coded phrase for primogeniture .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many critics have long read the play as if not specifically commissioned by then certainly intended as a compliment to the King, and a complement to his political and spiritual tracts.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

As in Julius Caesar, though, perturbations in the political sphere are echoed and even amplified by events in the material world. .Among the most frequently depicted of the inversions of the natural order is sleep.^ Under their influence and due to his own unnatural ambition , Macbeth falls out of synch with the natural order of time, demonstrated in II.ii by his inability to sleep .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Macbeth's announcement that he has "murdered sleep" is figuratively mirrored in Lady Macbeth's sleepwalking.^ Macbeth does murder sleep (2.

^ Enter Lady Macbeth, sleepwalking.

^ How are Lady and Macbeth acting after the murder?

.Macbeth's generally accepted indebtedness to medieval tragedy is often seen as particularly significant in the play's treatment of moral order.^ Banquo : Army general murdered on Macbeth's orders to prevent Banquo from begetting a line of kings, as predicted by the three witches whom Macbeth and Banquo encounter on a heath.

Glynne Wickham connects the play, through the Porter, to a mystery play on the harrowing of hell. .Howard Felperin argues that the play has a more complex attitude toward "orthodox Christian tragedy" than is often admitted; he sees a kinship between the play and the tyrant plays within the medieval liturgical drama.^ The original play is more notional than representative.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think that you'll see what I mean after reading the following points, on the more obvious examples in the play.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

The theme of androgyny is often seen as a special aspect of the theme of disorder. .Inversion of normative gender roles is most famously associated with the witches and with Lady Macbeth as she appears in the first act.^ FIRST WITCH: All hail, Macbeth!
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First Witch All hail, Macbeth!
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ How are Lady and Macbeth acting after the murder?

Whatever Shakespeare's degree of sympathy with such inversions, the play ends with a fairly thorough return to normative gender values. Some feminist psychoanalytic critics, such as Janet Adelman, have connected the play's treatment of gender roles to its larger theme of inverted natural order. .In this light, Macbeth is punished for his violation of the moral order by being removed from the cycles of nature (which are figured as female); nature itself (as embodied in the movement of Birnam Wood) is part of the restoration of moral order.^ Though Birnam wood be come to Dunsinane, And thou opposed, being of no woman born, Yet I will try the last.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The emphasis of Macbeth on natural order and the rights attached to birth as the defining elements of lawful goodness ultimately and irreconcilably contrasts with the unfolding and resolution of its plot.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rebellion's head, rise never till the wood Of Birnam rise, and our high-placed Macbeth Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath To time and mortal custom.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

As a poetic tragedy

Critics in the early twentieth century reacted against what they saw as an excessive dependence on the study of character in criticism of the play. .This dependence, though most closely associated with Andrew Cecil Bradley, is evident as early as the time of Mary Cowden Clarke, who offered precise, if fanciful, accounts of the predramatic lives of Shakespeare's female leads.^ How often have you been associated with someone who doesn’t come close to representing you?
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

.She suggested, for instance, that the child Lady Macbeth refers to in the first act died during a foolish military action.^ Lady Macbeth advises her husband to Look like the innocent flower, / But be the serpent under it (Act I, Scene V, Lines 66-67).

^ Act II: Scene II Lady Macbeth and Macbeth (Macbeth walks to Lady Macbeth with the bloody daggers in his hands.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ LADY MACBETH Now go take care of Duncan, before you wake everyone up with your foolishness.

Witchcraft and evil

Macbeth and Banquo with the Witches by Henry Fuseli.
.In the play, the Three Witches represent darkness, chaos, and conflict, while their role is as agents and witnesses.^ At the very beginning of the play, Shakespeare introduces an image of dark clouds suggested in the words spoken by the First Witch: When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain?

^ SCENE ONE: Three witches discuss when they will meet Macbeth, and set play's values.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Four named witches appear in Macbeth the three hags who open the play and later Hecate, the goddess of sorcery.

[18] Their presence communicates treason and impending doom. .During Shakespeare's day, witches were seen as worse than rebels, "the most notorious traytor and rebell that can be."^ Act I: Scene III Macbeth, Banquo, 3 witches Macbeth: So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Thy royal father Was a most sainted king: the queen that bore thee, Oftener upon her knees than on her feet, Died every day she lived.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

[19] .They were not only political traitors, but spiritual traitors as well.^ My only response is if they aren’t with ANSWER they got no problem if they are oh well.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

Much of the confusion that springs from them comes from their ability to straddle the play's borders between reality and the supernatural. They are so deeply entrenched in both worlds that it is unclear whether they control fate, or whether they are merely its agents. .They defy logic, not being subject to the rules of the real world.^ Write an essay about things in the modern world that present themselves as "innocent flowers" even though they are really "serpents."

[20] .The witches' lines in the first act: "Fair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air" are often said to set the tone for the remainder of the play by establishing a sense of confusion.^ ALL Fair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ How do they set the tone for the play?

^ All Witches: Fair is foul and foul is fair, Hover through the fog and filthy air.
  • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

Indeed, the play is filled with situations in which evil is depicted as good, while good is rendered evil. .The line "Double, double toil and trouble," (often sensationalized to a point that it loses meaning), communicates the witches' intent clearly: they seek only trouble for the mortals around them.^ THREE WITCHES (singing) Double, double, toil and trouble; Fire burn and cauldron bubble.

^ ALL Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ ALL THE WITCHES Double, double, toil and trouble…fire burn and cauldron bubble.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

[21]
.While the witches do not directly advise Macbeth to kill King Duncan, they use a subtle form of temptation when they inform Macbeth that he is destined to be king.^ King Duncan leads everyone else offstage as they follow Macbeth.

^ King Duncan welcomes Macbeth .

^ MACBETH I didn't mean to kill the King.

.By placing this thought in his mind, they effectively guide him on the path to his own destruction.^ It is rumored that they placed a curse on him.

.This follows the pattern of temptation many believed the Devil used at the time of Shakespeare.^ In Shakespeare's time, many people believed in the power of witches.

.First, they argued, a thought is put in a man's mind, then the person may either indulge in the thought or reject it.^ First, they attack the motives of non-liberals and thereby morally dismiss the non-liberal person.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Viewed in that light Ornery I’d say that the Left just never got the CHANCE to love Jesse, not that they rejected him, after all they loved everyone at the Winter Soldier Hearings and I didn’t see too much critical thought at the "War Crimes Trials" in Sweden put on by Russell, either.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

Macbeth indulges in it, while Banquo rejects.[21]

As Allegory

According to J. A. Bryant Jr., Macbeth can also be understood as allegory, specifically, allegory to portions of the Old and New Testament of the Bible. .From Some Christian Aspects Of Shakespeare: ”No matter how one looks at it, whether as history or as tragedy, Macbeth is distinctively Christian.^ Macbeth is the shortest of Shakespeare's tragedies.

^ Excited by the prospect of the kings visitand the murderous reception he will receiveLady Macbeth recites some of the most chilling and cold-hearted lines in all of Shakespeare: .

^ This apparition, conjured by the witches, tells Macbeth that no one born of woman can kill him.

.One may simply count the Biblical allusions as Richmond Noble has done; one may go further and study the parallels between Shakespeare's story and the Old Testament stories of Saul and Jezebel as Miss Jane H. Jack has done; or one may examine with W. C. Curry the progressive degeneration of Macbeth from the point of view of medieval theology."^ Macbeth is based (very loosely) upon history, and Shakespeare discovered the story in Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (1577) by Raphael Holinshed .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then you want to talk about the MOVEMENT. One of the other, in my view MacBeth IS a aprt of the movement and it’s fair to conflate them.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

^ MACBETH I don't want to go any further with our plans.

[22][23]
Bryant goes on to investigate some deep parallels between Duncan's murder and the murder of Christ, but to a casual observer it is easy to note other biblical allegories in the play. Macbeth's fall is highly similar to the fall of man in Genesis 3, and his return to the witches for advice is a direct parallel to the story of King Saul in 1 Samuel 28.[24][25]
.These would have been quickly picked up by Shakespeare's audience, and investigation into further parallels between the play and the Bible offer extra insight into Shakespeare's motives for writing the piece.^ The process of 'transporting me' into the scene will depend heavily on how well these are done, because I don't have a 'picture' of Shakespeare's Scotland in my head.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When he speaks further of the guilt he feels, Lady Macbethforeshadowing her descent into insanitysays, These deeds must not be thought / After these ways; so, it will make us mad (2.

^ Lady Macduff and her son have a conversation about how Macduff was a traitor (Shakespeare used this so the audience would have sympathy for the next part, and so Macbeth would seem more of a monster).
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Superstition and "the Scottish play"

While many today would simply chalk up any misfortune surrounding a production to coincidence, actors and other theatre people often consider it bad luck to mention Macbeth by name while inside a theatre, and usually refer to it superstitiously as The Scottish Play, or "MacBee", or when referencing the character rather than the play, "Mr. and Mrs. M", or "The Scottish King".
.This is because Shakespeare is said to have used the spells of real witches in his text, purportedly angering the witches and causing them to curse the play.^ For their spells, do the witches use earthly things or ethereal things?

^ Shakespeare's porter scene causes "thoughtful laughter" in Macbeth because of its immediate comic tone, yet it also illuminates one of the play's central metaphors and transforms the macabre aura into a more earthly one.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do you believe Shakespeare would have used this in the play?

Thus, to say the name of the play inside a theatre is believed to doom the production to failure, and perhaps cause physical injury or death to cast members. .A large mythology has built up surrounding this superstition, with countless stories of accidents, misfortunes and even deaths, all mysteriously taking place during runs of Macbeth (or by actors who had uttered the name).^ In his analysis of the images of darkness in Macbeth , Shakespearean scholar A.C. Bradley writes: It is remarkable that almost all the scenes which at once recur to memory take place either at night or in some dark spot.

^ Many of the highest-profile anti-war folks never picked up on MacBeth, and neither did a huge number of the people who are against this war.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Scottish Doctor: Doctor who attends Lady Macbeth during her descent into madness.

[26]
An alternative explanation for the superstition is that struggling theatres or companies would often put on this popular 'blockbuster' in an effort to save their flagging fortunes. However, it is a tall order for any single production to reverse a long-running trend of poor business. .Therefore, the last play performed before a theatre shut down was often Macbeth, and thus the growth of the idea that it was an 'unlucky' play.^ But Lady Macbeth entreats the guests to remain in their seats, for my lord is often thus, / And hath been from his youth.

^ Enter MACBETH, LADY MACBETH, ROSS, LENNOX, Lords, and Attendants MACBETH You know your own degrees; sit down: at first And last the hearty welcome.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ First Performance of Play : Probably between 1605 and 1607 at the Globe Theatre.

[citation needed]
.One particular incident that lent itself to the superstition was the Astor Place Riot.^ One is to appropriate a particular time and/or place in which to set the production; this might be the original setting of the play, or it might be some other time period and venue.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because the cause of these riots was based on a conflict over two performances of Macbeth, this is often thought of as having been caused by the curse.^ MACBETH It must have been these two attendants.

^ LADY MACBETH: These deeds must not be thought After these ways; so, it will make us mad.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ L Macbeth These deeds must not be thought after in these ways…It will make us mad.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another explanation for this superstition is that theatre companies may have used Macbeth as a back-up play if they were to lose an actor and were not able to perform the production originally planned for the performance.^ If it is using the original setting of the play, then the technical production (sets, costume) and the secondary acting (language, accents if necessary) will matter a great deal.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shakespeare's company of actors were under the patronage of James I (and were known as the King's Men ), and it is likely that Macbeth was first performed in 1606 to mark the visit of King Christian of Denmark to the English court.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SCENE ONE: Three witches discuss when they will meet Macbeth, and set play's values.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This is because this play requires fewer actors (when doubling of characters for actors occurs) and has the least amount of text for the actors to memorize.^ Julius Caesar, the title character of a Shakespeare play set in ancient Rome, was also a military commander, like Macbeth, who was consumed by ambition and died because of it.

."Macbeth" may have been the play kept in theatre companies' back pockets, just in case some bad luck were to occur prior to any planning of a performance.^ The following one-act play version of William Shakespeare's Hamlet is in the public domain and may be performed without paying royalties.
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SON In that case, I think I'll just say, "Macbeth" and get it over with.

Several methods exist to dispel the curse, depending on the actor. .One, attributed to Michael York, is to immediately leave the building the stage is in with the person who uttered the name, walk around it three times, spit over their left shoulders, say an obscenity then wait to be invited back into the building.^ Doctor In a slumbery agitation, besides her walking and other actual performances, what, at any time, have you heard her say?
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You keep wanting to parse the Left, I say fine, but again who cares what EXACT percentage want to do what, whne the focus of the active mevement is something entirely different?
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Scene One (The three witches are dancing around a cauldron).
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

[27] A related practice is to spin around three times as fast as possible on the spot, sometimes accompanied by spitting over their shoulder, and uttering an obscenity. Another popular "ritual" is to leave the room, knock three times, be invited in, and then quote a line from Hamlet. Yet another is to recite lines from The Merchant of Venice, thought to be a lucky play.[28]

Performance history

Shakespeare's day

.Apart from the one mentioned in the Forman document, there are no performances known with certainty in Shakespeare's era.^ No living birds are mentioned when the three witches are on stage, the only reference to one is a part of their potion, a " howlet's wing " is used in the infamous " [Hubble-Bubble " potion .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The second, and one of the best single pieces of a performance, is when Ross arrives in England to meet Macduff and Malcolm - there to tell Macduff that his family has been murdered by Macbeth.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because of its Scottish theme, the play is sometimes said to have been written for, and perhaps debuted for, King James; however, no external evidence supports this hypothesis.^ There is a pivotal scene, act 4, scene 1 , which predicts not only the remaining events in the play, but also eight generations of history leading to King James ascending to the throne of England .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Macbeth, "the Scottish play," was written about an historical figure, and for King James I of England ( King James VI of Scotland ).
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this play, however, Macbeth is a tyrant who rules for a matter of months, and King Duncan, who was disposed, was an enormously respected ruler.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

The play's brevity and certain aspects of its staging (for instance, the large proportion of night-time scenes and the unusually large number of off-stage sounds) have been taken as suggesting that the text now extant was revised for production indoors, perhaps at the Blackfriars Theatre, which the King's Men acquired in 1608.[29]

Restoration and 18th century

.In the Restoration, Sir William Davenant produced a spectacular "operatic" adaptation of Macbeth, "with all the singing and dancing in it" and special effects like "flyings for the witches" (John Downes, Roscius Anglicanus, 1708).^ FIRST WITCH: All hail, Macbeth!
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Enter the three witches, singing and dancing.

^ All three Witches begin to sing.

.Davenant's revision also enhanced the role of Lady Macduff, making her a thematic foil to Lady Macbeth.^ LADY MACDUFF What had he done to make him fly the land?

^ LADY MACBETH: Who dares receive it other, As we shall make our griefs and clamor roar Upon his death?
  • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, he paints a darkly comic caricature of the suspense that now pervades the Macbeth household by making light of the sudden knocking at the gates that so startled Lady Macbeth .
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

In an April 19, 1667 entry in his Diary, Samuel Pepys called Davenant's MacBeth "one of the best plays for a stage, and variety of dancing and music, that ever I saw." The Davenant version held the stage until the middle of the next century. It was this version that the famous Macbeths of the early eighteenth century, such as James Quin, employed.
Charles Macklin, not otherwise recalled as a great Macbeth, is remembered for performances at Covent Garden in 1773 at which riots broke out, related to Macklin's rivalries with Garrick and William Smith. .Macklin performed in Scottish dress, reversing an earlier tendency to dress Macbeth as an English brigadier; he also removed Garrick's death speech and further trimmed Lady Macduff's role.^ From reading this speech, How would Lady Macbeth define the word "Man."

^ How does that echo Lady Macbeth comments earlier?

^ On a field near Dunsinane, Scottish soldiers meet to plan how to join with the English forces to attack Macbeth.

The performance received generally respectful reviews, although George Steevens remarked on the inappropriateness of Macklin (then in his eighties) for the role.
.After Garrick, the most celebrated Macbeth of the eighteenth century was John Philip Kemble; he performed the role most famously with his sister, Sarah Siddons, whose Lady Macbeth was widely regarded as unsurpassable.^ LADY MACBETH     You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting,     With most admired disorder.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Enter LADY MACBETH MACBETH     Saw you the weird sisters?
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Enter Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Ross, Lennox , and attendants for the feast to celebrate the crowning of Macbeth as king.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kemble continued the trends toward realistic costume and to Shakespeare's language that had marked Macklin's production; Walter Scott reports that he experimented continually with the Scottish dress of the play.^ If it is using the original setting of the play, then the technical production (sets, costume) and the secondary acting (language, accents if necessary) will matter a great deal.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Response to Kemble's interpretation was divided; however, Siddons was unanimously praised. Her performance of the "sleepwalking" scene in the fifth act was especially noted; Leigh Hunt called it "sublime." The Kemble-Siddons performances were the first widely influential productions in which Lady Macbeth's villainy was presented as deeper and more powerful than Macbeth's. .It was also the first in which Banquo's ghost did not appear on stage.^ Banquos ghost later appears to Macbeth.

^ One might expect the ghost of Duncan to appear at the Banquet over Banquo's, but this play, as the constant reiteration of prophecy demonstrates, is about the future of the monarchy, not its past.
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Macbeth sits down to eat, the bloodied ghost of Banquo appears to him but to no one else.

Kemble's Macbeth struck some critics as too mannered and polite for Shakespeare's text. His successor as the leading actor of London, Edmund Kean, was more often criticised for emotional excess, particularly in the fifth act. .Kean's Macbeth was not universally admired; William Hazlitt, for instance, complained that Kean's Macbeth was too like his Richard III.^ Terrified by Macbeth's raving , Lady Macbeth exclaims, "You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting, with most admired disorder ," (III, 4, 109-110).
  • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.As he did in other roles, Kean exploited his athleticism as a key component of Macbeth's mental collapse.^ Macbeth There's one did laugh in his sleep, and one did laugh in his sleep, and one cried "Murder," that they did wake each other.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

.He reversed Kemble's emphasis on Macbeth as noble, instead presenting him as a ruthless politician who collapses under the weight of guilt and fear.^ What need we     fear who knows it, when none can call our power to     account?--Yet who would have thought the old man     to have had so much blood in him.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account?--Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him.
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^ There is none but he Whose being I do fear: and, under him, My Genius is rebuked; as, it is said, Mark Antony's was by Caesar.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

Kean, however, did nothing to halt the trend toward extravagance in scene and costume.

Nineteenth century

The Macbeth of the next predominant London actor, William Charles Macready, provoked responses at least as mixed as those given Kean. Macready debuted in the role in 1820 at Covent Garden. .As Hazlitt noted, Macready's reading of the character was purely psychological; the witches lost all supernatural power, and Macbeth's downfall arose purely from the conflicts in Macbeth's character.^ FIRST WITCH: All hail, Macbeth!
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^ WEIRD-WITCH All hail, Macbeth!

^ WITCH-WITCH All hail, Macbeth!

.Macready's most famous Lady Macbeth was Helena Faucit, who debuted dismally in the role while still in her mid-20s, but who later achieved acclaim in the role for an interpretation that, unlike Siddons', accorded with contemporary notions of female decorum.^ LADY MACBETH Who was it that thus cried?
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^ LADY MACBETH     Who was it that thus cried?
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ LADY MACBETH     Who dares receive it other,     As we shall make our griefs and clamour roar     Upon his death?
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

After Macready "retired" to America, he continued to perform in the role; in 1849, he was involved in a rivalry with American actor Edwin Forrest, whose partisans hissed Macready at Astor Place, leading to what is commonly called the Astor Place Riot.
Charles Kean and his wife as Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, in costumes aiming to be historically accurate (1858).
.The two most prominent Macbeths of mid-century, Samuel Phelps and Charles Kean, were both received with critical ambivalence and popular success.^ Macbeth Will it not be received, when we have marked with blook those sleepy two of his own chamber and used their daggers, that they have done it?
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

Both are famous less for their interpretation of character than for certain aspects of staging. At Sadler's Wells Theatre, Phelps brought back nearly all of Shakespeare's original text. .He brought back the first half of the Porter scene, which had been ignored by directors since Davenant; the second remained cut because of its ribaldry.^ You can see the mirror half of the room which isn't there, just because the sink is so obviously mounted to this nonexistent barrier - the roughness of its back shows that.
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He abandoned the added music, and reduced the witches to their role in the folio. Just as significantly, he returned to the folio treatment of Macbeth's death.[30] .Not all of these decisions succeeded in the Victorian context, and Phelps experimented with various combinations of Shakespeare and Davenant in his more than a dozen productions between 1844 and 1861. His most successful Lady Macbeth was Isabella Glyn, whose commanding presence reminded some critics of Siddons.^ LADY MACBETH All right!

^ [Exeunt all but MACBETH and LADY MACBETH.] .
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^ (All exit except Macbeth and Lady Macbeth).
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

The outstanding feature of Kean's productions at the Princess's Theatre after 1850 was their accuracy of costume. Kean achieved his greatest success in modern melodrama, and he was widely viewed as not prepossessing enough for the greatest Elizabethan roles. Audiences did not mind, however; one 1853 production ran for twenty weeks. Presumably part of the draw was Kean's famous attention to historical accuracy; in his productions, as Allardyce Nicoll notes, "even the botany was historically correct."
Henry Irving's first attempt at the role, at the Lyceum Theatre, London in 1875, was a failure. Under the production of Sidney Frances Bateman, and starring alongside Kate Josephine Bateman, Irving may have been affected by the recent death of his manager Hezekiah Linthicum Bateman. Although the production lasted eighty performances, his Macbeth was judged inferior to his Hamlet. His next essay, opposite Ellen Terry at the Lyceum in 1888, fared better, playing for 150 performances.[31] At the urging of Herman Klein, Irving engaged Arthur Sullivan to write a suite of incidental music for the piece.[32] .Friends such as Bram Stoker defended his "psychological" reading, based on the supposition that Macbeth had dreamed of killing Duncan before the start of the play.^ How is "Macbeth" a play based on the Greeks?

^ (Macbeth exits to kill Duncan ).
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As you read the play "Macbeth" (Page 134 in DWM), please do these questions.

.His detractors, among them Henry James, deplored his somewhat arbitrary word changes ("would have" for "should have" in the speech at Lady Macbeth's death) and his "neurasthenic" and "finicky" approach to the character.^ From reading this speech, How would Lady Macbeth define the word "Man."

^ If Lady Macbeth had this chance, what would she do?

^ LADY MACBETH Say to the king, I would attend his leisure For a few words.
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

[33]

Twentieth century to present

.Barry Vincent Jackson staged an influential modern-dress production with the Birmingham Repertory in 1928; the production reached London, playing at the Royal Court Theatre.^ The Cast and Acting The first person onto the stage is perhaps the most well-known; Macbeth, in this production, is played by Patrick Stewart , with all his considerable skill.
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^ Modern theater productions, with their access to advanced staging technology, have a dizzying choice of styles.
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^ One is that the adaptation of the show to a 'new' or 'non-period' production is, in itself, one of the dimensions in which modern productions of Shakespeare can differentiate themselves without changing the actual text of the play.
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.It received mixed reviews; Eric Maturin was judged an inadequate Macbeth, though Mary Merrall's vampish Lady was reviewed favourably.^ LADY MACBETH Only look up clear; To alter favour ever is to fear: Leave all the rest to me.
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^ Though he is referring to the words of the guards in their sleep, Lady Macbeth is still worried about the ill omens she previously heard.
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^ LADY MACBETH     Only look up clear;     To alter favour ever is to fear:     Leave all the rest to me.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

Though The Times judged it a "miserable failure," the production did much to overturn the tendency to scenic and antiquarian excess that had peaked with Charles Kean.
The Federal Theatre Project Negro Unit's production of Macbeth, 1935
.Among the most publicised productions of the twentieth century was mounted by the Federal Theater Project at the Lafayette Theatre in Harlem from 14 April to 20 June 1936. Orson Welles, in his first stage production, directed Jack Carter and Edna Thomas, with Canada Lee playing Banquo, in an all African American production.^ Banquo Thous hast it now, King, Cawdor, Glamis, all as the weird sisters promised, and I fear thou playest most foully for it.
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BANQUO Thou hast it now: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, as the weird women promised, and I fear thou pay'dst most foully for it.

^ Shakespeare's play, "Macbeth," is the bloodiest and most gruesome of all his plays.

.It became known as the Voodoo Macbeth, because Welles set the play in post-colonial Haiti.^ I learned things about Macbeth (the play) that i hadn't known.
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^ SCENE ONE: Three witches discuss when they will meet Macbeth, and set play's values.
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^ MACBETH Well, I'm still not afraid because Birnam Wood hasn't come to Dunsinane and because I can only be harmed by someone who isn't of woman born.

His direction emphasised spectacle and suspense: his dozens of "African" drums recalled Davenant's chorus of witches. Welles later directed and played the starring role in a 1948 film adaption of the play.
.Laurence Olivier played Malcolm in the 1929 production and Macbeth in 1937 at the Old Vic Theatre in a production that saw the Vic's artistic director Lilian Baylis pass away the night before it opened.^ The Cast and Acting The first person onto the stage is perhaps the most well-known; Macbeth, in this production, is played by Patrick Stewart , with all his considerable skill.
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^ MACBETH: I will not yield, To kiss the ground before young Malcolm's feet, And to be baited with the rabble's curse.
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^ Boil thou first i' the charmed pot" Since its opening night in 1604, Macbeth has been notorious for both backstage and onstage accidents and deaths.
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.Olivier's makeup was so thick and stylised for that production that Vivien Leigh was quoted as saying "You hear Macbeth's first line, then Larry's makeup comes on, then Banquo comes on, then Larry comes on".[34] Olivier later starred in what is among the most famous twentieth-century productions, by Glen Byam Shaw at Stratford-upon-Avon in 1955. Vivien Leigh played Lady Macbeth.^ MACBETH That's easy for you to say!

^ LADY MACBETH Know you not he has?
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^ MACBETH You have a first name...

The supporting cast, which Harold Hobson denigrated, included many actors who went on to successful Shakespearean careers: Ian Holm played Donalbain, Keith Michell was Macduff, and Patrick Wymark the Porter. Olivier was the key to success. .The intensity of his performance, particularly in the conversation with the murderers and in confronting Banquo's ghost, seemed to many reviewers to recall Edmund Kean.^ Enter MURDERER with MACDUFF (BANQUO'S GHOST) dreaming.
  • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

Plans for a film version faltered after the box-office failure of Olivier's Richard III. .It was of this performance that Kenneth Tynan asserted flatly that "no one has ever succeeded as Macbeth"—until Olivier.^ LADY MACBETH I like your plan, but you've got to make sure no one else finds out about it.

^ The second, and one of the best single pieces of a performance, is when Ross arrives in England to meet Macduff and Malcolm - there to tell Macduff that his family has been murdered by Macbeth.
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Olivier's co-star in his 1937 Old Vic Theatre production, Judith Anderson, had an equally triumphant association with the play. .She played Lady Macbeth on Broadway opposite Maurice Evans in a production directed by Margaret Webster that ran for 131 performances in 1941, the longest run of the play in Broadway history.^ Lady Macbeth was the wife of Macbeth in the play Macbeth.
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^ As the blood begins to run out, Lady Macbeth dashes offstage for barely an instant, and then she's back with her hands dripping with fresh blood to renew the attack!

^ The Cast and Acting The first person onto the stage is perhaps the most well-known; Macbeth, in this production, is played by Patrick Stewart , with all his considerable skill.
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Anderson and Evans performed the play on television twice, in 1954 and 1962, with Maurice Evans winning an Emmy Award the 1962 production and Anderson winning the award for both presentations. A film adaptation in 1971 titled The Tragedy of Macbeth was executive produced by Hugh Hefner.
.A Japanese film adaptation, Throne of Blood (Kumonosu jô) (1957), features Toshirô Mifune in the lead role and is set in feudal Japan.^ As to the play itself, I will only add that Akira Kurosawa directed a masterful Japanese adaptation , which goes by the name Throne of Blood in English.
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.It was well-received and, despite having almost none of the play's script, critic Harold Bloom called it "the most successful film version of Macbeth."^ Excluding major differences between the Court and Bankside versions of the play, the latter seems the most reasonable conclusion, but requires a longer project to defend.
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^ ROSS: The king hath happily received, Macbeth, The news of thy success.
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^ THE TRAGEDY OF MACBETH a one-act play version of the play by William Shakespeare edited and condensed by J. P. Crabb .
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[35]
.One of the most notable twentieth-century productions is that of Trevor Nunn for the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1976. Nunn had directed Nicol Williamson and Helen Mirren in the play two years earlier, but that production had largely failed to impress.^ By August 7, 1606 , the day on which some historians claim Macbeth was first performed, William Shakespeare 's two tetralogies of English history plays were by some estimates already seven years behind him.
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^ The entire play can be found at the following nodes: I am reformatting it for E2 from http://tech-two.mit.edu/Shakespeare/Tragedy/macbeth/macbeth.html Macbeth Dramatis Personae .
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.In 1976, Nunn produced the play with a minimalist set at The Other Place; this small, nearly round stage focused attention on the psychological dynamics of the characters.^ One is to appropriate a particular time and/or place in which to set the production; this might be the original setting of the play, or it might be some other time period and venue.
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.Both Ian McKellen in the title role and Judi Dench as Lady Macbeth received exceptionally favourable reviews.^ LADY MACBETH Only look up clear; To alter favour ever is to fear: Leave all the rest to me.
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Dench won the 1977 SWET Best Actress award for her performance and in 2004, members of the RSC voted her performance the greatest by an actress in the history of the company.
Nunn's production transferred to London in 1977 and was later filmed for television. It was to overshadow Peter Hall's 1978 production with Albert Finney as Macbeth and Dorothy Tutin as Lady Macbeth. .But the most infamous recent Macbeth was staged at the Old Vic in 1980. Peter O'Toole and Frances Tomelty took the leads in a production (by Bryan Forbes) that was publicly disowned by Timothy West, artistic director of the theatre, before opening night, despite being a sellout because of its notoriety.^ Macbeth leads the others off the stage.

^ The Cast and Acting The first person onto the stage is perhaps the most well-known; Macbeth, in this production, is played by Patrick Stewart , with all his considerable skill.
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^ Each of the eight kings in this line, are kin of Banquo, the leading king, James' father, being the youngest, most recent (to James) king.
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As critic Jack Tinker noted in the Daily Mail: "The performance is not so much downright bad as heroically ludicrous."[36]
.On the stage, Lady Macbeth is considered one of the more "commanding and challenging" roles in Shakespeare's work.^ LADY MACBETH Consider it not so deeply.
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^ LADY MACBETH: Consider it not so deeply.
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^ (The innability to pray was considered to be a sign of damnation) Lady Macbeth tells him to pull himself together, and to plant the daggars.
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[37] Other actresses who have succeeded in the role include Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, Glenda Jackson, and Jane Lapotaire.
.A performance was staged in the real Macbeth's home of Moray, produced by the National Theatre of Scotland, to take place at Elgin Cathedral.^ There really was a King Macbeth of Scotland , he reigned between 1040 and 1057 AD .
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^ This scene takes place in a room in Macbeth's castle at Dunsinane.

^ One such event occurred in 1672, when Macbeth switched the fake dagger with a very real and pointy one, and subsequently killed Duncan on-stage.
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Professional actors, dancers, musicians, school children, and a community cast from the Moray area all took part in what was an important event in the Highland Year of Culture (2007).
.In the same year there was general consent among critics that Rupert Goold's production for the Chichester Festival 2007, starring Patrick Stewart and Kate Fleetwood, rivalled Trevor Nunn's acclaimed 1976 RSC production.^ The Cast and Acting The first person onto the stage is perhaps the most well-known; Macbeth, in this production, is played by Patrick Stewart , with all his considerable skill.
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^ A friend and I went to the Brooklyn Academy of Music 's Paul Harvey Theater and saw the Chichester Festival Theatre 's production of Macbeth .
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And when it transferred to the Gielgud Theatre in London, Charles Spencer reviewing for the Daily Telegraph pronounced it the best Macbeth he had ever seen.[38] At the Evening Standard Theatre Awards 2007 the production won both the Best Actor award for Stewart, and the Best Director award for Goold.[39] .The same production opened in the US at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in 2008, moving to Broadway (Lyceum Theatre) after a sold-out run.^ A friend and I went to the Brooklyn Academy of Music 's Paul Harvey Theater and saw the Chichester Festival Theatre 's production of Macbeth .
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.In 2003, the British theater company Punchdrunk used The Beaufoy Building in London, an old Victorian school to stage "Sleep No More", the story of Macbeth in the style of a Hitchcock thriller, using reworked music from the soundtrack of classic Hitchcock films.^ Macbeth shall sleep no more!"
  • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MACBETH Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more!
  • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ MACBETH Bring me no more reports.

[40] Punchdrunk re-mounted the production, in a newly expanded version, at an abandoned school in Brookline, Massachusetts in October 2009 in association with the American Repertory Theatre.[41]
In 2004, Indian Director Vishal Bharadwaj directed his own adaptation to Macbeth, titled Maqbool. Set in the current timeline in the Mumbai underworld, the movie starred Irrfan Khan, Tabu, Pankaj Kapur, Om Puri, Naseeruddin Shah and Piyush Mishra in prominent roles. The movie was highly acclaimed and shot both director Vishal Bharadwaj as well as Irrfan Khan to fame.[citation needed]
In 2006, Harper Collins published the book Macbeath and Son by the Australian author Jackie French. .In 2008, Pegasus Books published The Tragedy of Macbeth Part II: The Seed of Banquo, a play by American author and playwright Noah Lukeman which endeavored to pick up where the original Macbeth left off, and to resolve its many loose ends.^ Many of the highest-profile anti-war folks never picked up on MacBeth, and neither did a huge number of the people who are against this war.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Just as there are a "number of reasons to question his (MacBeth’s) veracity", there are just as many reasons to question the blatant anti-military, anti American diatribes of the leftwing websites that publish that type of crap.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In all fairness, very few people on the Left ever picked this guy up.
  • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

.David Greig's 2010 play Dunsinane also took Macbeth's downfall at Dunsinane as its starting point, with Macbeth's just-ended reign portrayed as long and stable in contrast to Malcolm's.^ Duncan's reign was characterized by rebellion and warfare; Macbeth's was stable enough to allow him a trip to Rome .
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^ I will continue to refer to Lady Macbeth as "she" in the stage directions, but starting from here, for as long as she lives, she should be portrayed by a man.

^ In the middle of the play, at the interval, we see Act III scene IV , which ends with the ghost of Banquo appearing to Macbeth at dinner.
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[citation needed]

References

  • Coursen, Herbert (1997). Macbeth. Westport: Greenwood Press. ISBN 031330047X. 
  • Kliman, Bernice; Rick Santos (2005). Latin American Shakespeares. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. ISBN 0838640648. 

Notes

  1. ^ See On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth.
  2. ^ Coursen (1997, 11–13)
  3. ^ Coursen (1997, 15–21)
  4. ^ Coursen (1997, 17)
  5. ^ a b Nagarajan, S. "A Note on Banquo." Shakespeare Quarterly. (Oct 1956) 7.4 pp. 371–376.
  6. ^ Palmer, J. Foster. "The Celt in Power: Tudor and Cromwell" Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 1886 Vol. 3 pp. 343–370.
  7. ^ Banquo's Stuart descent was disproven in the 19th century, when it was discovered that the Fitzalans actually descended from a Breton family.
  8. ^ Maskell, D. W. "The Transformation of History into Epic: The 'Stuartide' (1611) of Jean de Schelandre." The Modern Language Review. (Jan 1971) 66.1 pp. 53–65.
  9. ^ Charles Boyce, Encyclopaedia of Shakespeare, New York, Roundtable Press, 1990, p. 350.
  10. ^ A.R. Braunmuller, ed. Macbeth (CUP, 1997), 5–8.
  11. ^ Braunmuller, Macbeth, pp. 2–3.
  12. ^ Frank Kermode, "Macbeth," The Riverside Shakespeare (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974), p. 1308; for details on Garnet, see Perez Zagorin, "The Historical Significance of Lying and Dissimulation—Truth-Telling, Lying, and self-Deception," Social Research, Fall 1996.
  13. ^ Mark Anderson, Shakespeare By Another Name, 2005, pp. 402–403.
  14. ^ a b Kermode, Riverside Shakespeare, p. 1308.
  15. ^ Braunmuller, Macbeth, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997; pp. 5–8.
  16. ^ If, that is, the Forman document is genuine; see the entry on Simon Forman for the question of the authenticity of the Book of Plays.
  17. ^ Brooke, Nicholas, ed. The Tragedy of Macbeth Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998:57.
  18. ^ Kliman, 14.
  19. ^ Perkins, William (1618). A Discourse of the Damned Art of Witchcraft, So Farre forth as it is revealed in the Scriptures, and manifest by true experience. London: Cantrell Legge, Printer to the Universitie of Cambridge. p. 53. http://digital.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=witch;idno=wit075. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  20. ^ Coddon, Karin S. "'Unreal Mockery': Unreason and the Problem of Spectacle in Macbeth." ELH. (Oct 1989) 56.3 pp. 485–501.
  21. ^ a b Frye, Roland Mushat. "Launching the Tragedy of Macbeth: Temptation, Deliberation, and Consent in Act I." The Huntington Library Quarterly. (Jul 1987) 50.3 pp. 249–261.
  22. ^ "Full text of "Hippolyta S View Some Christian Aspects Of Shakespeare S Plays"". Archive.org. 1960-08-28. http://www.archive.org/stream/hippolytasviewso012763mbp/hippolytasviewso012763mbp_djvu.txt. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  23. ^ "Internet Archive: Free Download: Hippolyta S View Some Christian Aspects Of Shakespeare S Plays". Archive.org. http://www.archive.org/details/hippolytasviewso012763mbp. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  24. ^ http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis%203&version=NIV
  25. ^ http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1%20Samuel%2028&version=NIV
  26. ^ Faires, Robert (2009-10-23). "Arts: The Curse of the Play". The Austin Chronicle. http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Issue/story?oid=oid%3A78882. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  27. ^ Babylon 5 - The Scripts of J. Michael Straczynski, Volume 6 by J. Michael Straczynski, Synthetic Labs Publishing (2006).
  28. ^ Garber, Marjorie B. (2008). Profiling Shakespeare. Routledge. p. 77. ISBN 9780415964463. 
  29. ^ For the date of acquisition, see, for instance, Adams, J. Q., Shakespearean Playhouses, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1917: 224; Bentley, G. E. The Jacobean and Caroline Stage, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1941: 6.13–17; Chambers, E. K., The Elizabethan Stage, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1923: 2.498. For Macbeth as an indoor play, see, for instance Bald, R.C., "Macbeth and the Short Plays," Review of English Studies 4 (1928): 430; Shirley, Frances, Shakespeare's Use of Off-stage Sounds, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1963: 168–89.
  30. ^ Odell, George Clinton Densmore (1921). Shakespeare from Betterton to Irving. 274. 2. C. Scribner's sons. http://books.google.com/books?id=vDRaAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  31. ^ "Henry Irving as Macbeth", PeoplePlay UK website.
  32. ^ Information about Sullivan's incidental music to Macbeth in 1888, The Gilbert and Sullivan Archive.
  33. ^ Odell, George Clinton Densmore (1921). Shakespeare from Betterton to Irving. 384. 2. C. Scribner's sons. http://books.google.com/books?id=vDRaAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  34. ^ Robert Tanitch, Olivier, Abbeville Press (1985).
  35. ^ Harold Bloom, Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York: 1999. ISBN 1-57322-751-X, p. 519.
  36. ^ London Stage in the 20th Century by Robert Tanitch, Haus Publishing (2007) ISBN 9781904950745.
  37. ^ Brown, Langdon. Shakespeare around the Globe: A Guide to Notable Postwar Revivals. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986: 355.
  38. ^ Spencer, Charles (September 27, 2007). "The best Macbeth I have seen". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3668183/The-best-Macbeth-I-have-seen.html. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  39. ^ "Winning performances on the West End stage | News". Thisislondon.co.uk. http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23423447-details/Winning+performances+on+the+West+End+stage/article.do. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  40. ^ "Punchdrunk website - Sleep No More". punchdrunk. http://www.punchdrunk.org.uk/past/sleep.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  41. ^ "ART website - Sleep No More". ART. http://www.americanrepertorytheater.org/events/show/sleep-no-more. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 

External links

Performances

Audio Recording

Text of Play

Commentary


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood clean from my hand?
Macbeth (c.1605) is a play by William Shakespeare. .It is often seen as an archetypal tale of the desire for power and the betrayal of loyalty.^ Often regarded as archetypal , the play tells of the dangers of the lust for power and the betrayal of friends.
  • Macbeth encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Act I

.
  • First Witch: When shall we three meet again
    In thunder, lightning, or in rain?^ Witch When shall we three meet again?
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Enter three Witches First Witch When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The three witches again meet.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]


    .Second Witch: When the hurlyburly's done,
    When the battle's lost and won.
    ^ SECOND WITCH: When the hurlyburly's done, When the battle's lost and won.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When the battles lost and won.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Second Witch When the hurlyburly's done, When the battle's lost and won.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene i
  • Fair is foul, and foul is fair;
    Hover through the fog and filthy air.^ Key quote: 'Fair is foul, and foul is fair Hover through the fog and filthy air.'
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.jjuriaan.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All Witches: Fair is foul and foul is fair, Hover through the fog and filthy air.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You've got to hover through The fog and filthy air!

    .
    • Witches, scene i
  • The merciless Macdonwald
    (Worthy to be a rebel, — for, to that,
    The multiplying villainies of nature
    Do swarm upon him) from the Western Isles
    Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied;
    And Fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling,
    Showed like a rebel's whore: but all's too weak:
    For brave Macbeth (well he deserves that name)
    Disdaining Fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
    Which smoked with bloody execution,
    Like valour's minion,
    Carv'd out his passage.
    • Captain, scene ii
  • A sailor's wife had chestnuts in her lap,
    And munched, and munched, and munched:
    Give me, quoth I:
    Aroint thee, witch! the rump-fed ronyon cries.^ Macbeth: Damn all those that trust them!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The merciless Macdonwald-- Worthy to be a rebel, for to that The multiplying villanies of nature Do swarm upon him--from the western isles Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied; And fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling, Show'd like a rebel's whore: but all's too weak: For brave Macbeth--well he deserves that name-- Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel, Which smoked with bloody execution, Like valour's minion carved out his passage Till he faced the slave; Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him, Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, And fix'd his head upon our battlements.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth: Of all the men, I have avoided thee.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • First Witch, scene iii
  • Sleep shall neither night nor day
    Hang upon his pent-house lid.^ I will drain him dry as hay: Sleep shall neither night nor day Hang upon his pent-house lid; He shall live a man forbid: .
    • Macbeth, Act I, Scene 3 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The first he obtained by elaborating the witches’ scenes, introducing all kinds of dancing, singing, and gibberish, some of it taken from Middleton’s The Witch.

    ^ In act I scene I, the three witches plan to meet Macbeth upon a heath.
    • Free Macbeth Ambition Essays 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • First Witch, scene iii
  • So foul and fair a day I have not seen.^ Enter MACBETH and BANQUO MACBETH     So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The witches say that, fair is foul and foul is fair.

    ^ Act I: Scene III Macbeth, Banquo, 3 witches Macbeth: So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iii
  • First Witch: All hail, Macbeth!^ Macbeth Act III, scenes 3,4 .

    ^ First Witch     Banquo and Macbeth, all hail!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SPELL-WITCH All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter!

    hail to thee, Thane of Glamis!
    .Second Witch: All hail, Macbeth!^ Second Witch All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ FIRST WITCH: All hail, Macbeth!
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SPELL-WITCH All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter!

    hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor!
    .Third Witch: All hail, Macbeth!^ So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]
    • "SCOTS ON THE ROCK"  - A Parody Of MACBETH 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.shakespeare-parodies.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ First Witch Banquo and Macbeth, all hail!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ WITCH-WITCH All hail, Macbeth!

    that shalt be king hereafter. .
    • scene iii
  • If you can look into the seeds of time,
    And say which grain will grow, and which will not,
    Speak.^ Behold, look…what say you?
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He asks the witches if they can “look into the seeds of time, and say which grain will grow, and which will not” (lines 63-64).
    • Macbeth, Act I, Scene 3 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If you can look into the seeds of time, And say which grain will grow and which will not, Speak then to me, who neither beg nor fear Your favors nor your hate.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Banquo, scene iii
  • The earth hath bubbles, as water has,
    And these are of them.^ BANQUO The earth hath bubbles, as the water has, And these are of them.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How are these witches "bubbles of the earth."

    ^ These revisions, which since the Clarendon edition of 1869 have been assumed to include all of Act III, scene v, and a portion of Act IV, scene I, are often indicated in modern texts.
    • Macbeth encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Banquo, scene iii
  • Or have we eaten on the insane root
    That takes the reason prisoner?^ Or have we eaten on the insane root that takes the reason prisoner?” (lines 88-90).
    • Macbeth, Act I, Scene 3 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the reason prisoner?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth, Act I, Scene 3 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Or have we eaten on the insane root     That takes the reason prisoner?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Banquo, scene iii
  • But 'tis strange:
    And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
    The instruments of darkness tell us truths,
    Win us with honest trifles, to betray's
    In deepest consequence.
    • Banquo, scene iii
  • Nothing in his life
    Became him like the leaving it; he died
    As one that had been studied in his death,
    To throw away the dearest thing he ow'd,
    As 'twere a careless trifle.^ Banquo reminds Macbeth that sometimes “the instruments of darkness tell us truths” in order to win our confidence.
    • Macbeth, Act I, Scene 3 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Win us with honest trifles to betray 's In deepest consequence.

    ^ SCENE ONE: Macbeth is now King, but Banquo suspects him.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Malcolm, scene iv
  • There's no art
    To find the mind's construction in the face:

    He was a gentleman on whom I built
    An absolute trust.^ DUNCAN There's no art To find the mind's construction in the face: He was a gentleman on whom I built An absolute trust.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He had trusted him: 'He was a gentleman on whom I built An absolute trust.'
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.jjuriaan.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "There's no art/To find the mind;s construction in the face./He was a gentleman on whom I built/An absolute trust."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Duncan, scene iv
  • Stars, hide your fires!^ Stars, hide your fires.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]
    • "SCOTS ON THE ROCK"  - A Parody Of MACBETH 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.shakespeare-parodies.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Stars, hide your fires, Let not light see my black and deep desires; The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.jjuriaan.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By this end of Act I, scene iv, just after he eyes the crown with the line, “for in my way it lies,” and utters, “Stars hide your fires, let not light see my deep and black desires...” the language and the story start to settle in, grabbing hold of one’s senses.
    • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Let not light see my black and deep desires.
    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be
    What thou art promised.^ Glamis thou art, and Cawdor, and shalt be .
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let not light see my black and deep desires.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]
    • "SCOTS ON THE ROCK"  - A Parody Of MACBETH 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.shakespeare-parodies.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH: Call 'em; let me see.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Yet do I fear thy nature;
    It is too full o' the milk of human kindness
    To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great;
    Art not without ambition; but without
    The illness should attend it.
    ^ Lady Macbeth says that Macbeth is not without ambition, but lacks the "illness should attend it."
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o' the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great; Art not without ambition, but without The illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly, That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false, And yet wouldst wrongly win: thou'ldst have, great Glamis, That which cries 'Thus thou must do, if thou have it; And that which rather thou dost fear to do Than wishest should be undone.'
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She fears his nature, which is too full of the milk of human kindness.
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene v
  • The raven himself is hoarse
    That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan
    Under my battlements.^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Exit Messenger     The raven himself is hoarse     That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan     Under my battlements.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Under my battlements.

    .Come, you spirits
    That tend on mortal thoughts!
    ^ Here are examples from the play: Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty!

    ^ Come you spirits that tend on mortal thought, unsex me here” By: Lady Macbeth To: Herself Here Lady Macbeth talks to herself and sounds crazy when she starts planning the death of King Duncan by using her own husband for the murder.
    • Macbeth Act III Analysis 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.tqnyc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me her', And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty!
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    unsex me here,
    .And fill me from the crown to the toe, top-full
    Of direst cruelty;
    make thick my blood,
    Stop up the access and passage to remorse,
    That no compunctious visitings of nature
    Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
    The effect and it!^ Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me her', And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty!
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Come, you spirits and fill me from top to toe with cruelty.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Make thick my blood!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Come to my woman's breasts,
    And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers,
    Wherever in your sightless substances
    You wait on nature's mischief!
    ^ Come to my woman's breasts, And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers, Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature's mischief!.
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She will call on the spirits of darkness to "unsex" her and to come to her woman's breasts and take her milk for gall.
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I take my leave of you.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene v
  • Look like the innocent flower,
    But be the serpent under it.^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lady Macbeth advises her husband to Look like the innocent flower, / But be the serpent under it (Act I, Scene V, Lines 66-67).

    ^ Remember, look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under it.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene v
  • If it were done when 'tis done, then 'twere well
    It were done quickly;
    if the assassination
    Could trammel up the consequence, and catch,
    With his surcease success; that but this blow
    Might be the be-all and the end-all here,
    But here, upon this bank and shoal of time,
    We'd jump the life to come.^ LADY MACBETH All right!

    ^ We'd jump the life to come.
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Exeunt all but MACBETH and LADY MACBETH .
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene vii
  • I have no spur
    To prick the sides of my intent, but only
    Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself
    And falls on the other.
    • Macbeth, scene vii
  • I dare do all that may become a man;
    Who dares do more, is none.
    • Macbeth, scene vii
  • I have given suck, and know
    How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me:
    I would, while it was smiling in my face,
    Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums,
    And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn
    As you have done to this.^ SCENE VII. Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have given suck, and know .
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No more o' that, my lord, no more o' that; you mar all with this starting.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene vii
  • Macbeth: If we should fail —
    Lady Macbeth: We fail!^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE VII. Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth If we should fail?
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]


    .But screw your courage to the sticking-place,
    And we'll not fail.
    ^ But screw your courage to the sticking place .
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Screw your courage, 'Cause that's the thing!

    ^ But screw your courage to the sticking-place, And we'll not fail.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene vii
  • Away, and mock the time with fairest show:
    False face must hide what the false heart doth know.^ False face must hide what the false heart know.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Away, and mock the time with fairest show: False face must hide what the false heart doth know.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Before admitting the king, Lady Macbeth further prods her husband: Away, and mock the time with fairest show: / False face must hide what the false heart doth know (1.

    • Macbeth, scene vii

Act II

.
  • The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.^ Fleance: The moon is down, I have not heard the clock.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ FLEANCE The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.

    ^ Fleance The moon is down I have not heard the clock.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Fleance, scene i
  • There's husbandry in heaven;
    Their candles are all out.^ The heavens are thrifty tonight, their candles are all out.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Theres husbandry in heaven; Their candles are all out.

    ^ BANQUO There's husbandry in heaven.

    • Banquo, scene i
  • Merciful powers!
    .Restrain in me the cursèd thoughts that nature
    Gives way to in repose.
    ^ A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, And yet I would not sleep: merciful powers, Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature Gives way to in repose!

    ^ A heavy summons lies like lead upon me,     And yet I would not sleep: merciful powers,     Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature     Gives way to in repose!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Banquo, scene i
  • Is this a dagger which I see before me,
    The handle toward my hand?^ MACBETH I was going to do it, when suddenly I saw a dagger floating before me, it's handle toward my hand.

    ^ "Is this a dagger which I see before me,/The handle towards my hand?/ Come let me clutch/thee./I have thee not, and yet I see thee still."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH Is this a dagger which I see before me?

    .Come, let me clutch thee;
    I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
    ^ "Is this a dagger which I see before me,/The handle towards my hand?/ Come let me clutch/thee./I have thee not, and yet I see thee still."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Come, let me clutch thee.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Chapter 1: Act One, Scene One, a Harry Potter fanfic - FanFiction.Net 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Act III Analysis 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.tqnyc.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Come let me clutch thee.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible
    To feeling as to sight?
    ^ Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Seamus was just embarking on a version of the dagger soliloquy in an exaggerated American accent, which kept the others in stitches, and by the time he got to, ‘Art thou not, fatal vision...’ Hermione was laughing along with them, her initial disapproval vanished at the expression on Seamus’ face.
    • Macbeth Chapter 1: Act One, Scene One, a Harry Potter fanfic - FanFiction.Net 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible to feeling as to sight, and why on earth is he raving on about daggers anyway?’ Ron asked, looking up from his rather battered library copy of Macbeth.
    • Macbeth Chapter 1: Act One, Scene One, a Harry Potter fanfic - FanFiction.Net 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: Original source]

    or art thou but
    .A dagger of the mind, a false creation,
    Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
    ^ A dagger of the mind, a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Act III Analysis 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.tqnyc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A [spectre] of the mind, a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain.

    ^ A dagger of the mind, a false creation,     Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]


    .I see thee yet, in form as palpable
    As this which now I draw.
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • Now o'er the one-half world
    Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse
    The curtain'd sleep; witchcraft celebrates
    Pale Hecate's offerings.^ I see thee yet, in form as palpable As this which now I draw.
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH I want to sleep, but I have bad dreams.

    ^ I see thee yet, in form as palpable     As this which now I draw.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • Thou sure and firm-set earth,
    Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear
    The very stones prate of my where-about.^ Thou sure and firm-set earth,     Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear     Thy very stones prate of my whereabout,     And take the present horror from the time,     Which now suits with it.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth Thou would be afraid to hear it.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How does Lady Macbeth's behaviour in Act 5, scene 1 affect the way the audience sees her?

    .
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • I go, and it is done; the bell invites me.^ There is nothing in Macbeth's character or conduct which invites us to see any black humour in the play (other than the brief scene with the porter).
    • An Introduction to Shakespeare's Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC records.viu.ca [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I change the way I play scenes everyday, because I can never fully recreate the extreme emotions that I go through as Macbeth.
    • GlobeLink :: Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.globelink.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE ONE: Banquo and Fleance are going to bed - Macbeth enquires as to where Banquo's loyalties lie, and it is clear that Banquo will be honourable.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell
    That summons thee to heaven, or to hell.
    ^ Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell That summons thee to heaven or to hell.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That summons thee to heaven or to hell ."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Does the bell summon Duncan "to heaven or to hell"?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • Methought I heard a voice cry, Sleep no more!^ After he had killed Duncan, Macbeth imagined that he would never sleep again: Macbeth: Methought I heard a voice cry "Sleep no more!
    • Lincoln, Macbeth, and the Moral Imagination 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.nhinet.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth shall sleep no more!"
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .Macbeth does murder sleep,
    — the innocent sleep;
    Sleep, that knits up the ravell'd sleave of care,
    The death of each day's life, sore labor's bath,
    Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course,
    Chief nourisher in life's feast.
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • Infirm of purpose!^ Macbeth does murder sleep (2.

    ^ Macbeth I thought I heard a voice cry, "Sleep no more, Macbeth doth murder sleep," The innocent sleep, the sleep that knits up the raveled sleeve of care, balm of hurt minds, chief nourisher in life's feast.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ LADY MACBETH Infirm of purpose!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    Give me the daggers. .The sleeping and the dead
    Are but as pictures.
    ^ The sleeping and the dead are but pictures.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The sleeping and the dead/ Are but as pictures; 'tis the eye of childhood /That fears a painted devil.

    ^ Give me the daggers: the sleeping and the dead Are but as pictures: 'tis the eye of childhood That fears a painted devil.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .'Tis the eye of childhood
    That fears a painted devil.
    ^ 'Tis the eye of childhood that fears a painted devil.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Give me the daggers: the sleeping and the dead Are but as pictures: 'tis the eye of childhood That fears a painted devil.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The sleeping and the dead/ Are but as pictures; 'tis the eye of childhood /That fears a painted devil.

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene i
  • Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
    Clean from my hand?^ LADY MACBETH All right!

    ^ Her hands may be clean, but she's got blood all over the rest of her.

    ^ (Lady Macbeth enters and pretends to be washing her hands.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .No; this my hand will rather
    The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
    Making the green one red.
    ^ No, this my hand will rather     The multitudinous seas in incarnadine,     Making the green one red.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No, this my hand will rather / The multitudinous seas in incarnadine, / Making the green one red."
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No, this my hand will rather The multitudinous seas in incarnadine 8 , Making the green one red.

    .
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • Porter: Drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things.^ Porter 'Faith sir, we were carousing till the second cock: and drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE THREE: Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What three things does drinking provoke?


    .Macduff: What three things does drink especially provoke?^ What three things does drinking provoke?

    ^ MACDUFF     What three things does drink especially provoke?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF What three things does drink especially provoke?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .Porter: Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and urine.^ Porter     Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and     urine.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Lechery, sir, it provokes, and unprovokes; it provokes the desire, but it takes away the performance: therefore, much drink may be said to be an equivocator with lechery: it makes him, and it mars him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand to, and not stand to; in conclusion, equivocates him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him.
    • Scene ii
  • Confusion now hath made his masterpiece!^ LADY MACDUFF     Confusion now hath made his masterpiece!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He says they were up to 3 AM and comments on the effects of drink: "It provokes the desire but it takes away the performance" etc.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But even this comic interlude continues the theme of paradox, as the porters dialogue demonstrates when he tells what drinking causes: Lechery, sir, it provokes, and unprovokes; it provokes the desire, but it takes away the performance: therefore, much drink may be said to be an equivocator with lechery: it makes him, and it mars him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand to, and not stand to; in conclusion, equivocates him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him.


    .Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope
    The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence
    The life o' the building!
    ^ MacDuff Most sacrilegious murder!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence The life o' the building!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope     The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence     The life o' the building!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macduff, scene ii
  • Ring the alarum-bell.^ Macduff: Awake, ring the alarm bell!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Ring the alarum-bell.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Ring the alarum-bell!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    Murder and treason!
    Banquo and Donalbain! Malcolm! awake!
    .Shake off this downy sleep, death's counterfeit,
    And look on death itself!
    ^ Shake off this downy sleep, death's counterfeit,     And look on death itself!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Shake off this downy sleep, death's counterfeit, And look on death itself!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    up, up, and see
    .The great doom's image!^ The great doom's image!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macduff, scene ii
  • Had I but died an hour before this chance
    I had liv'd a blessed time; for, from this instant,
    There's nothing serious in mortality:
    All is but toys; renown and grace is dead;
    The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees
    Is left this vault to brag of.^ MACBETH Had I but died an hour before this chance, I had lived a blessed time; for, from this instant, There 's nothing serious in mortality: All is but toys: renown and grace is dead; The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees Is left this vault to brag of.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He means what he says when he states that “there's nothing serious in mortality” and “all is but toys”.

    ^ MACBETH: Had I but died an hour before this chance, I had lived a blessed time; for, from this instant, There 's nothing serious in mortality: All is but toys: renown and grace is dead.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene ii
  • Who can be wise, amaz'd, temperate and furious,
    Loyal and neutral, in a moment?^ MACBETH: Who can be wise, amazed, temperate and furious, Loyal and neutral, in a moment?
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth Who can be wise at such a moment?
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Suspicious Macduff) "Who can be wise , amazed , temperate and furious ,/ Loyal and neutral , in a moment?
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .No man:
    The expedition of my violent love
    Outrun the pauser, reason.
    ^ No man: The expedition my violent love Outrun the pauser, reason.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth boasts that he has no reason to fear Macduff, for he cannot be killed by any man born of woman.
    • Macbeth encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Well, there’s no love lost between me and a bunch of the idiots on the anti-war Left, but let’s stay reasonable.
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene ii
  • In the great hand of God I stand; and thence
    Against the undivulg'd pretence I fight
    Of treasonous malice!^ Fears and scruples shake us:     In the great hand of God I stand; and thence     Against the undivulged pretence I fight     Of treasonous malice.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fears and scruples shake us: In the great hand of God I stand; and thence Against the undivulged pretence I fight Of treasonous malice.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Macbeth shall never vanquished be, until/ Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill/Shall come against him."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Banquo, scene ii
  • To show an unfelt sorrow is an office
    Which the false man does easy.^ Let's not consort with them: To show an unfelt sorrow is an office Which the false man does easy.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Act II: Scene I Banquo, Fleance, Macbeth(guards, King Duncan, Lady Macbeth) Banquo: How goes the night my son?
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I'll not consort with them:     To show an unfelt sorrow is an office     Which the false man does easy.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Malcolm, scene ii
  • A falcon, touring in her pride of place,
    Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd.^ On Tuesday last, A falcon, towering in her pride of place, Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd.

    ^ The Old Man says, "On Tuesday last, a falcon towering in her pride of place was by a mousing owl hawked at and killed" .
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An old man comments to Ross on the "hours dreadful and things strange" of the preceding night and they discuss other ominous perturbations in the natural order: "A falcon, towering in her pride of place, / Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and killed"; and Duncan's horses ate each other.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Old Man, scene iii
  • Here comes the good Macduff.^ Here comes the good Macduff.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF See, who comes here?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF: See, who comes here?
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]


    .How goes the world, sir, now?^ Enter LADY MACDUFF AND MACDUFF. LADY MACDUFF     How goes the world, sir, now?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Ross, scene iii
  • God's benison go with you; and with those
    That would make good of bad, and friends of foes!
    • Old Man, scene iv

Act III

.
  • I must become a borrower of the night
    For a dark hour or twain.^ MACBETH: Within this hour at most I will advise you where to plant yourselves; Acquaint you with the perfect spy o' the time, The moment on't; for't must be done to-night.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fleance his son, that keeps him company, Whose absence is no less material to me Than is his father's, must embrace the fate Of that dark hour.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ BANQUO As far, my lord, as will fill up the time 'Twixt this and supper: go not my horse the better, I must become a borrower of the night For a dark hour or twain.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Banquo, scene i
  • To be thus is nothing,
    But to be safely thus.^ (Banquo and Fleance exit) Macbeth: To be thus is nothing, but to be safely thus!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To be thus is nothing, but to be safely thus.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To be thus is nothing; but to be safely thus - Our fears in Banquo stick deep (3.1.49-50) .
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.jjuriaan.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene i
  • First Murderer: We are men, my liege.^ First Murderer We are men, my liege.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ First Murderer tells Macbeth.

    ^ The girls had been asked to practice Lady Macbeth’s very first scene – Act One, Scene Five – in which she received the letter from Macbeth and gave a short speech on how Macbeth was too ‘full o’ the milk of human kindness’ to murder King Duncan.
    • Macbeth Chapter 1: Act One, Scene One, a Harry Potter fanfic - FanFiction.Net 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: Original source]


    Macbeth: Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men. .
    • Scene i
  • Second Murderer: I am one, my liege,
    Whom the vile blows and buffets of the world
    Have so incens'd, that I am reckless what I do
    To spite the world.^ SECOND MURDERER At least we got one of them.

    ^ I am one, my liege, whom the world has treated so poorly that I am reckless to do what I do to spite the world.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ First Murderer We are men, my liege.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .First Murderer: And I another,
    So weary with disasters, tugg'd with fortune,
    That I would set my life on any chance,
    To mend it, or be rid on't.
    ^ And I another So weary with disasters, tugged with fortune, That I would set my life on any chance, To mend it or be rid ont.

    ^ First Murderer And I another So weary with disasters, tugg'd with fortune, That I would set my lie on any chance, To mend it, or be rid on't.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ First Murderer We are men, my liege.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene i
  • Naught's had, all's spent
    Where our desire is got without content.^ Lady M darkly ponders her lack of satisfaction: "Nought's had, all's spent, / Where our desire is got without content.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Noughts had, alls spent, 5 Where our desire is got without content: Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.

    ^ LADY MACBETH Nought's had, all's spent, Where our desire is got without content: 'Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .'Tis safer to be that which we destroy
    Than, by destruction, dwell in doubtful joy.
    • Lady Macbeth, scene ii
  • Things without all remedy
    Should be without regard: what's done is done.^ LADY MACBETH All right!

    ^ Exeunt all but MACBETH and LADY MACBETH .
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene ii
  • We have scotch'd the snake, not killed it.^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But Macbeth is afraid: "We have scorched the snake, not killed it.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth We have but scotched the snake, not killed it!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene ii
    • Variant: We have scorch'd the snake, not killed it.
  • Duncan is in his grave;
    After life's fitful fever he sleeps well;
    Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison,
    Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing,
    Can touch him further.^ Duncan is in his grave; After life's fitful fever he sleeps well; Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison, Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing, Can touch him further.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Macbeth exits to kill Duncan ).
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Duncan is in his grave; after life’s fitful fever he sleeps well, treason has done his worst; nor steel, nor poison…nothing can touch him anymore."
    • Macbeth Act III Analysis 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.tqnyc.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene ii
  • Then be thou jocund: ere the bat hath flown
    His cloister'd flight; ere, to black Hecate's summons
    The shard-borne beetle, with his drowsy hums,
    Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be done
    A deed of dreadful note.^ Macbeth There shall be done a dreadful deed.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH Thou wast born of woman.

    ^ MACBETH There's comfort yet; they are assailable; Then be thou jocund: ere the bat hath flown His cloister'd flight, ere to black Hecate's summons The shard-borne beetle with his drowsy hums Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be done A deed of dreadful note.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene ii
  • Come, seeling night,
    Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day;
    And with thy bloody and invisible hand,
    Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond
    Which keeps me pale!^ Come, seeling night,     Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day;     And with thy bloody and invisible hand     Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond     Which keeps me pale!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Come, seeling night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day; And with thy bloody and invisible hand Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond Which keeps me pale!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Act II: Scene II Lady Macbeth and Macbeth (Macbeth walks to Lady Macbeth with the bloody daggers in his hands.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Light thickens; and the crow
    Makes wing to the rooky wood.
    ^ It went back and perched itself on a tree after a bit, but later, I looked up and it was flying in circles near a patch of trees to the west of us as the Scottish King was speaking the line, "the crow / Makes wing to the rooky wood" Weird, eh?
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "And the crow makes wing to the rooky wood; good things of day begin to droop and drowse…thoy marvel’st at my words, but hold thee still.
    • Macbeth Act III Analysis 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.tqnyc.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene ii
  • Now spurs the lated traveller apace
    To gain the timely inn; and near approaches
    The subject of our watch.^ SCENE II. The country near Dunsinane.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day: Now spurs the lated traveller apace To gain the timely inn; and near approaches The subject of our watch.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE II. A camp near Forres.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • First Murderer, scene iii
  • Banquo: It will be rain to-night.^ BANQUO It will be rain to-night.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Act III: Scene IV Macbeths Castle (Macbeth & Murderer) Macbeth: Theres blood upon they face.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Act II: Scene I Banquo, Fleance, Macbeth(guards, King Duncan, Lady Macbeth) Banquo: How goes the night my son?
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]


    .First Murderer: Let it come down.^ FIRST MURDERER We never let them be anything else.

    ^ FIRST MURDERER: Let it come down.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Murderer: Let it come down!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]


    Banquo: O, treachery! — .Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly!^ Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.nexuslearning.net [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ BANQUO (dying) Fly, good Fleance!


    .Thou mayst revenge.^ Thou mayst revenge.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    — O, slave! .
    • Scene iii
  • But now, I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confined, bound in
    To saucy doubts and fears.^ Then comes my fit again: I had else been perfect, Whole as the marble, founded as the rock, As broad and general as the casing air: But now I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confined, bound in To saucy doubts and fears.
    • Macbeth Comprehension Questions 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH Then comes my fit again: I had else been perfect, Whole as the marble, founded as the rock, As broad and general as the casing air: But now I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confined, bound in To saucy doubts and fears.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Act III: Scene II (Lady Macbeth enters) Lady Macbeth: How now, my lord, why do you keep alone?
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • Now, good digestion wait on appetite,
    And health on both!^ SCENE IV. Outside Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now, good digestion wait on appetite, And health on both!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE ONE: Macbeth is now King, but Banquo suspects him.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • Thou canst not say I did it: never shake
    Thy gory locks at me.^ Thou canst not say I did it.

    ^ MACBETH     Thou canst not say I did it: never shake     Thy gory locks at me.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH Thou canst not say I did it: never shake Thy gory locks at me.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • Lady Macbeth: Are you a man?^ LADY MACBETH Know you not he has?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ LADY MACBETH You apologize?

    ^ LADY MACBETH What are you talking about?


    .Macbeth: Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that
    Which might appall the devil.
    ^ Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that Which might appall the devil.

    ^ MACBETH Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that Which might appal the devil.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH: Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that Which might appall the devil.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene iv
  • I drink to the general joy o' the whole table,
    And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss;
    Would he were here!^ I drink to the general joy o' the whole table.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I drink to th general joy o th whole table, 90 And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss; Would he were here!

    ^ Macbeth returns to the table, and toasts joy, and his 'missing' friend Banquo.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    to all, and him, we thirst,
    And all to all. .
    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • What man dare, I dare:
    Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,
    The arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger;
    Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves
    Shall never tremble: or be alive again,
    And dare me to the desert with thy sword;
    If trembling I inhabit then, protest me
    The baby of a girl.^ My Macbeth shall be king!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH What man dare, I dare: Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear, The arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger; Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves Shall never tremble: or be alive again, And dare me to the desert with thy sword; If trembling I inhabit then, protest me The baby of a girl.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ BANQUO Hold, take my sword.

    .Hence, horrible shadow!^ Hence, horrible shadow!
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.nexuslearning.net [Source type: Original source]


    .Unreal mockery, hence!^ Unreal mockery, hence!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • Stand not upon the order of your going,
    But go at once.^ At once, good night./Stand not upon the order of your going./But go at once."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Don't stand on ceremony, but go at once.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Stand not upon the order of your going, But go at once.

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene iv
  • It will have blood; they say, blood will have blood:
    Stones have been known to move and trees to speak.^ Together alone, Macbeth tells his wife "It will have blood, they say; blood will have blood."
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (All have left except for Macbeth) Macbeth: It will have blood they say, Blood will have blood.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    • Macbeth, scene iv
  • I am in blood
    Stepp'd in so far, that, should I wade no more,
    Returning were as tedious as go o'er.
    • Macbeth, scene iv

Act IV

.
  • Double, double toil and trouble;
    Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
  • By the pricking of my thumbs,
    Something wicked this way comes:

    Open, locks,
    Whoever knocks!^ "Something Wicked This Way Comes" article pg 2 .

    ^ "Something wicked this way comes."

    ^ "Something Wicked This Way Comes" article pg 1 .

    .
    • Second Witch, scene i
  • Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn
    The power of man, for none of woman born
    Shall harm Macbeth.
    • Second Apparition, scene i
  • Third Apparition: Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be, until
    Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill
    Shall come against him.

    Macbeth: That will never be.
    Who can impress the forest, bid the tree,
    Unfix his earthbound root?^ MACBETH: That will never be Who can impress the forest, bid the tree Unfix his earth-bound root?
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ APP. Be bloody, bold, and resolute: laugh to scorn The pow'r of man; for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Macbeth shall never vanquished be, until/ Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill/Shall come against him."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene i
  • When our actions do not,
    Our fears do make us traitors.^ When our actions do not,/Our fears do make us traitors."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How do "our fears make us traitors."

    ^ Thereby shall we shadow the size of our army, and make discovery err in report of us.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macduff, scene ii
  • First Murderer: Where is your husband?^ First Murderer Where is your husband?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Exit LADY MACDUFF, crying 'Murder!'
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lady Macduff flees crying Murder.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]


    .Lady Macduff: I hope, in no place so unsanctified,
    Where such as thou mayst find him.
    ^ LADY MACDUFF: I hope, in no place so unsanctified Where such as thou mayst find him.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ L. MACD. I hope, in no place so unsanctified Where such as thou mayst find him.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lady Macduff: I hope in no place where he will find you?
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]


    .First Murderer: He's a traitor.^ FIRST MURDERER: He's a traitor.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ First Murderer He's a traitor.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .Son: Thou liest, thou shag-hair'd villain!^ Son Thou liest, thou shag-hair'd villain!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SON: Thou liest, thou shag-hair'd villain!
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SON. Thou li'st, thou shag-ear'd villain!
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]


    .First Murderer: What, you egg!^ THIRD MURDERER What, you egg!

    ^ First Murderer What, you egg!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ FIRST MURDERER The yolk's on you!

    .
    • Scene ii
  • Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell;
    Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace,
    Yet grace must still look so.^ Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why does Macbeth say (Act 5, scene 3) “that he must not look to have...that which should accompany old age”?

    ^ She says that he fears to do what must be done, even though he would not wish it undone, if it were done.
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Malcolm, scene iii
  • Fare thee well, lord:
    I would not be the villian that thou think'st
    For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp,
    And the rich East to boot.^ Fare thee well, lord: I would not be the villain that thou think'st For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp, And the rich East to boot.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fare thee well!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF: Fare thee well, lord: I would not be the villain that thou think'st For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macduff, scene iii
  • Nay, had I power, I should
    Pour the sweet milk of concord into hell,
    Uproar the universal peace, confound
    All unity on earth.^ Nay, had I power, I should Pour the sweet milk of concord into hell, Uproar the universal peace, confound All unity on earth.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nay, had I pow'r, I should Pour the sweet milk of concord into hell, Uproar the universal peace, confound All unity on earth.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He evasively says Macduff's family were at peace when he left, finally confesses that Macduff's wife and children and servants have all been slaughtered.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Malcolm, scene iii
  • Where sighs, and groans, and shrieks that rent the air,
    Are made, not markt; where violent sorrow seems
    A modern ecstasy: the dead man's knell
    Is there scarce askt for who; and good men's lives
    Expire before the flowers in their caps,
    Dying or e'er they sicken.^ The dead man's knell Is there scarce ask'd for who, and good men's lives Expire before the flowers in their caps, Dying or ere they sicken.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It cannot Be call'd our mother, but our grave; where nothing, But who knows nothing, is once seen to smile; Where sighs, and groans, and shrieks that rent the air Are made, not mark'd; where violent sorrow seems A modern ecstasy.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It cannot Be call'd our mother, but our grave; where good men's lives Expire before the flowers in their caps.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Ross, scene iii
  • Give sorrow words: the grief that does not speak
    Whispers the o'er-fraught heart, and bids it break.^ The grief that does not speak Whispers the o'er-fraught heart, and bids it break.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Give sorrow words: the grief that does not speak Whispers the o'er-fraught heart and bids it break.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What, man, ne'er pull your hat upon your brows; Give sorrow words.
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Malcolm, scene iii
  • All my pretty ones?^ What, all my pretty chickens and their dam     At one fell swoop?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What, all my pretty chickens and their dam At one fell swoop?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What, all my pretty chickens, and their dam, At one fell swoop?
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Did you say all?^ Did you say all?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC readdle.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (You’re free to say it all you want outside theatres; the curse doesn’t apply.

    ^ You can’t just say, "Not all Nazi’s think certain ways and we can’t judge them."
    • http://www.qando.net/ - Jesse MacBeth’s - REAL- DD214 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.qando.net [Source type: Original source]

    — O, hell-kite! All?
    .What, all my pretty chickens and their dam
    At one fell swoop?
    ^ All the pretty ones?
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What, all my pretty chickens and their dam     At one fell swoop?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF     All my pretty ones?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macduff, scene iii
  • Malcolm: Dispute it like a man.^ MALCOLM Dispute it like a man.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Malcolm: Take it like a man!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Malcolm tells Macduff to bear his sorrow like a man.
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Macduff: I shall do so;
    But I must also feel it as a man:
    I cannot but remember such things were,
    That were most precious to me.
    ^ MACDUFF I shall do so; But I must also feel it as a man: I cannot but remember such things were, That were most precious to me.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macduff replies he must also feel it like a man.
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF Such welcome and unwelcome things at once 'Tis hard to reconcile.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Scene iii

Act V

.
  • Out, damned spot!^ Out, damned spot!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Out damned spot!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ LADY MACBETH Out, damned spot!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    out, .I say!
    • Lady Macbeth, scene i
  • Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him.
    • Lady Macbeth, scene i
  • Here's the smell of the blood still: all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. Oh, oh, oh!^ Macbeth looks at his blood covered hands) Macbeth: Oh, what a sorry sight!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ LADY MACBETH A foolish thought, to say a sorry sight.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth (to himself) It will have blood: they say blood will have blood.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Lady Macbeth, scene i
  • What's done cannot be undone.
    • Lady Macbeth, scene i
  • Those he commands move only in command,
    Nothing in love: now does he feel his title
    Hang loose about him, like a giant's robe
    Upon a dwarfish thief.^ What is Lady Macbeth writing in her sleepwalking scene?
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Enter LADY MACBETH     How now!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE ONE: Macbeth is now King, but Banquo suspects him.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Angus, scene ii
  • The devil damn thee black, thou cream-faced loon!^ Enter a Servant     The devil damn thee black, thou cream-faced loon!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The devil damn thee black, thou cream-faced loon!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What is it, thou cream-faced loon!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Where gott'st thou that goose look?^ Where got'st thou that goose look?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iii
  • Go prick thy face, and over-red thy fear,
    Thou lily-liver'd boy.^ Macbeth Act III, scenes 3,4 .

    ^ MACBETH Take thy face hence.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH Go prick thy face, and over-red thy fear, Thou lily-liver'd boy.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iii
  • I have liv'd long enough: my way of life
    Is fallen into the sear, the yellow leaf;
    And that which should accompany old age,
    As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends,
    I must not look to have; but, in their stead,
    Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath,
    Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not.^ And that which should accomjpany old age-as honor, love, obedience, troops of friends-I must not look to have.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My way of life / Is fall'n into the sere, the yellow leaf, / And that which should accompany old age, / As honor, love, obedience, troops of friends, / I must not look to have, but in their stead / Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honor, breath, / Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not."  .
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why does Macbeth say (Act 5, scene 3) “that he must not look to have...that which should accompany old age”?

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iii
  • Macbeth: Canst thou not minister to a mind diseas'd;
    Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow;
    Raze out the written troubles of the brain;
    And with some sweet oblivious antidote,
    Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff
    Which weighs upon the heart?^ Macbeth Act III, scenes 3,4 .

    ^ Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased, Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow, Raze out the written troubles of the brain And with some sweet oblivious antidote Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs upon the heart?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth Cansts thou not minister to a mind diseased, pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow?
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Doctor: Therein the patient
    Must minister to himself.
    ^ Doctor Therein the patient must minister to himself.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Doctor Therein the patient Must minister to himself.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The patient dealing with psychological guilt "must minister to himself" -- either by repentance (as I've always assumed) or by suicide.
    • Enjoying "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.pathguy.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Macbeth: Throw physic to the dogs; — I'll none of it.^ MACBETH Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of it.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth Throw physic to the dogs!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH     Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of it.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene iii
  • I would applaud thee to the very echo,
    That should applaud again.^ If thou couldst, doctor, cast The water of my land, find her disease, And purge it to a sound and pristine health, I would applaud thee to the very echo, That should applaud again.--Pull't off, I say.-- What rhubarb, cyme, or what purgative drug, Would scour these English hence?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene iii
  • Hang out our banners on the outward walls;
    The cry is still, They come. Our castle's strength
    Will laugh a siege to scorn: here let them lie
    Till famine and the ague eat them up.^ SCENE VII. Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH: Our castle's strength Will laugh a siege to scorn: here let them lie Till famine and the ague eat them up.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE XI. Outside Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Were they not forc'd with those that should be ours,
    We might have met them dareful, beard to beard,
    And beat them backward home.
    ^ Enter MACBETH, and Soldiers MACBETH     Hang out our banners on the outward walls;     The cry is still 'They come:' our castle's strength     Will laugh a siege to scorn: here let them lie     Till famine and the ague eat them up:     Were they not forced with those that should be ours,     We might have met them dareful, beard to beard,     And beat them backward home.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They should be at home, drunk, like decent people.

    ^ Of sorriest fancies your companions making, Using those thoughts which should indeed have died With them they think on?
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene v
  • I have almost forgot the taste of fears;
    The time has been, my senses would have cool'd
    To hear a night-shriek; and my fell of hair
    Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir
    As life were in't: I have supp'd full with horrors;
    Direness, familiar to my slaughterous thoughts
    Cannot once start me.^ Macbeth Thou would be afraid to hear it.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth claims that he has “almost forgot the taste of fears”.

    ^ MACBETH I had almost forgot the taste of fears.

    .
    • Macbeth, scene v
  • She should have died hereafter;
    There would have been time for such a word.^ MACBETH: She should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for such a word.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH She should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for such a word.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There would have been a time for such a word.
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow
    Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
    To the last syllable of recorded time;
    And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
    The way to dusty death.
    ^ And all our yesterdays have lighted fools .
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow / Creeps in this petty pace from day to day / To the last syllable of recorded time, / And all our yesterdays have lighted fools / The way to dusty death.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, .
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Out, out, brief candle!^ Out, out brief candle!
    • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Out, out, brief candle!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]
    • "SCOTS ON THE ROCK"  - A Parody Of MACBETH 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.shakespeare-parodies.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, Out now brief candle, Lifes but a waling shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage, and then is heard no more.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]


    .Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
    That struts and frets his hour upon the stage,
    And then is heard no more.
    ^ And then is heard no more.
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player / That struts and frets his hour upon the stage / And then is heard no more.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, Out now brief candle, Lifes but a waling shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage, and then is heard no more.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    .It is a tale
    Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
    Signifying nothing.
    • Macbeth, scene v
  • I 'gin to be a-weary of the sun,
    And wish the estate o' the world were now undone.
    • Macbeth, scene v
  • Blow, wind!^ It is a tale / Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, / Signifying nothing."
    • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.
    • Macbeth (Paperback) by William Shakespeare - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]
    • "SCOTS ON THE ROCK"  - A Parody Of MACBETH 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.shakespeare-parodies.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, .
    • The Claremont Institute - Macbeth and the Moral Universe 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.claremont.org [Source type: Original source]

    come, wrack!
    .At least we'll die with harness on our back.^ At least we'll die with harness on our back."
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Blow wind, come wrack, at least we'll die with harness on our back!

    ^ At least we will die with harness on our back.
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene v
  • Make all our trumpets speak; give them all breath,
    Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death.^ Macbeth: Damn all those that trust them!
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Make all our trumpet s speak, give them all breath,/Those clamorous harbringers of blood and death ."
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF     Make all our trumpets speak; give them all breath,     Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macduff, scene vi
  • Why should I play the Roman fool, and die
    On mine own sword?^ Enter MACBETH MACBETH Why should I play the Roman fool, and die On mine own sword?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Macbeth tells himself he refuses to play the Roman fool and fall on his own sword.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Enter MACBETH MACBETH     Why should I play the Roman fool, and die     On mine own sword?
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Macbeth, scene viii
  • Macduff: Turn, hell-hound, turn!
    Macbeth:Of all men else I have avoided thee.^ SCENE EIGHT: Macduff and Macbeth meet.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF Turn, hell-hound, turn!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE VIII. Court of Macbeth's castle.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]


    But get thee back. .My soul is too much charged
    With blood of thine already.
    ^ My soul is too much charged with the blood of thine already!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACBETH     Of all men else I have avoided thee:     But get thee back; my soul is too much charged     With blood of thine already.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Macduff: I have no words.^ Macduff: I have no words, my sword speaks for me.
    • Lesson Plans: Macbeth: Shakespeare for Elementary Students (Elementary, Literature) 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC teachers.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF I have no words: My voice is in my sword: thou bloodier villain Than terms can give thee out!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .My voice is in my sword.^ MACDUFF     I have no words:     My voice is in my sword: thou bloodier villain     Than terms can give thee out!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF I have no words: My voice is in my sword: thou bloodier villain Than terms can give thee out!
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Thou bloodier villain
    Than terms can give thee out!
    • Macduff, scene viii
  • Macbeth: I bear a charmed life, which must not yield
    To one of woman born.^ MACBETH: Thou losest labor: As easy mayst thou the intrenchant air With thy keen sword impress as make me bleed: I bear a charmed life, which must not yield, To one of woman born.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF     I have no words:     My voice is in my sword: thou bloodier villain     Than terms can give thee out!
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SCENE EIGHT: Macduff and Macbeth meet.
    • Macbeth@Everything2.com 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Macduff: Despair thy charm;
    And let the angel whom thou still hast served
    Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb
    Untimely ripp'd.

    Macbeth: Accursed be the tongue that tells me so,
    For it hath cow'd my better part of man!
    ^ MACDUFF Despair thy charm, and let the angel whom thou still hast served tell thee, Macduff had a Cesarean birth!

    ^ But Macduff informs him, "Despair thy charm, / And let the angel whom thou still hast served / Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb / Untimely ripped."
    • Shakespeare Macbeth Summary 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF: Despair thy charm; And let the angel whom thou still hast served Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb Untimely ripp'd.
    • Macbeth - a one-act play by William Shakespeare 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.one-act-plays.com [Source type: Original source]


    .And be these juggling fiends no more believ'd,
    That palter with us in a double sense;
    That keep the word of promise to our ear,
    And break it to our hope.
    ^ And be these juggling fiends no more believed,     That palter with us in a double sense;     That keep the word of promise to our ear,     And break it to our hope.
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And be these juggling fiends no more believed, That palter with us in a double sense; That keep the word of promise to our ear, And break it to our hope.
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But no more sights!--Where are these gentlemen?
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Scene viii
  • Then yield thee, coward,
    And live to be the show and gaze o' the time.^ MacDuff Then yield, coward, and live to be mocked!
    • Reading Answers: MacBeth, An Adapted Script 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC www.readinganswers.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF Then yield thee, coward, And live to be the show and gaze o' the time: We'll have thee, as our rarer monsters are, Painted on a pole, and underwrit, 'Here may you see the tyrant.'
    • Macbeth: Entire Play 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC shakespeare.mit.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MACDUFF     Then yield thee, coward,     And live to be the show and gaze o' the time:     We'll have thee, as our rarer monsters are,     Painted on a pole, and underwrit,     'Here may you see the tyrant.'
    • The Tragedy of Macbeth 7 January 2010 23:35 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Macduff, scene viii
  • Lay on, Macduff,
    And damn'd be him that first cries, Hold, enough!
    • Macbeth, scene viii

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:
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Wikisource has original text related to:

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to The Tragedy of Macbeth article)

From Wikisource

The Tragedy of Macbeth
by William Shakespeare
The Tragedy of Macbeth is among the most popular of William Shakespeare's plays, as well as his shortest tragedy. It is frequently performed at professional and community theatres around the world. This play is seen as an archetypal tale of the dangers of the lust for power and betrayal of friends. It is loosely based upon the historical account of King Macbeth of Scotland by the Scottish philosopher Hector Boece. Boece's account flattered the antecedents of his patron, King James VI of Scotland (also known as King James I of England), and greatly maligned the real-life Macbeth, the King of Scots.
Excerpted from Macbeth on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

See also:

Facsimile of the first page of Macbeth from the First Folio, published in 1623

DRAMATIS PERSONAE (Persons Represented):

DUNCAN, King of Scotland.
MALCOLM, his Son.
DONALBAIN, his Son.
MACBETH, General in the King's Army.
BANQUO, General in the King's Army.
MACDUFF, Nobleman of Scotland.
LENNOX, Nobleman of Scotland.
ROSS, Nobleman of Scotland.
MENTEITH, Nobleman of Scotland.
ANGUS, Nobleman of Scotland.
CAITHNESS, Nobleman of Scotland.
FLEANCE, Son to Banquo.
SIWARD, Earl of Northumberland, General of the English Forces.
YOUNG SIWARD, his Son.
SEYTON, an Officer attending on Macbeth.
BOY, Son to Macduff.
An English Doctor. A Scottish Doctor. A Soldier. A Porter. An Old Man.
LADY MACBETH.
LADY MACDUFF.
Gentlewoman attending on Lady Macbeth.
HECATE,and three Witches.
Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers, Murderers, Attendants, and Messengers.
The Ghost of Banquo and several other Apparitions.

SCENE: In the end of the Fourth Act, in England; through the rest of the Play, in Scotland; and chiefly at Macbeth's Castle.

PD-icon.svg This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Macbeth
  1. A Shakespeare play, about the Scottish royal family

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|250px|Macbeth, with many parts shown. Top left: Banquo and Macbeth meet the witches. Middle-left: Macbeth has just killed Duncan, and talks with his wife. Bottom-left: Banquo's ghost. Bottom-right: Macduff duels Macbeth.]] Macbeth is a play by William Shakespeare. Shakespeare wrote three types of plays; histories, comedies and tragedies, and Macbeth is the shortest tragedy written by Shakespeare. It was written between 1603 and 1607, during the reign of King James I of England.

Shakespeare based some characters in the play (Macbeth, Macduff, and Duncan) roughly on records of real people in Holinshed's Chronicles, a history book from 1587. However, the things that happen in the play are very different to what happened in real life.

Macbeth is one of Shakespeare's most popular plays, and has often been acted since his time in theatres and movies. There have also been several comic books and novels written based on the story of the play.

Contents

Characters

  • Duncan – King of Scotland
    • Malcolm – Duncan's oldest son
    • Donalbain – Duncan's youngest son
  • Macbeth – A general in the army of King Duncan, Thane of Glamis, then Thane of Cawdor and later King of Scotland
    • Lady Macbeth – Macbeth's wife, later Queen of Scotland
  • Banquo – Macbeth's friend and fellow general in Duncan's army
    • Fleance – Banquo's son
  • Three Witches
  • Macduff – Thane of Fife
    • Lady Macduff – Macduff's wife
    • Macduff's son
  • Ross, Lennox, Angus, Menteith, Caithness – Thanes
  • Seyward – General of the English forces
    • Young Seyward – Seyward's son
  • Seyton – Macbeth's servant
  • Three Murderers
  • Porter – in charge of the gate at Macbeth's castle
  • English Doctor
  • Scottish Doctor – Lady Macbeth's doctor
  • Gentlewoman – Lady Macbeth's servant

Story

Act I

The first characters we see in the play are the three Witches. They talk to each other in a mysterious way, and agree to meet with Macbeth on the heath. This scene includes the famous line "fair is foul, and foul is fair", a subject which becomes a main part of the play.

In Act I, Scene ii (I.ii), there is a war going on. King Duncan is at "a camp near Forres", listening to reports from the battlefield. An injured officer (some scripts say a captain, others a sergeant) is brought in. He saved Malcolm's life. The officer tells Duncan about the battle. He says that it was going badly, until Macbeth fought his way to the rebel leader Macdonwald and disembowelled him. But as soon as that happened, the Norweyans, led by their king Sweno, also attacked. They were joined by a traitor, the Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth and Banquo fought bravely until they were defeated. Duncan is pleased by the news. He orders that the Thane of Cawdor be executed and his title given to Macbeth.

In I.iii, the Witches appear again. They talk about using their powers on humans, and it becomes clear that they have a lot of power, but they cannot kill people. Macbeth and Banquo are returning from the battlefield to Forres, and meet the witches. Banquo is amazed by the way the witches look, because they look like women but they have beards. Macbeth is not afraid and asks them what they are. They do not answer him, but greet him as the Thane of Glamis, the Thane of Cawdor and the future King. Macbeth is surprised, because he knows that he is not the Thane of Cawdor, and does not think he will ever become the King. Banquo asks the witches what his future will be like. They answer in riddles, saying that he will be "lesser than Macbeth, and greater", "not so happy, yet much happier", and that he will be the father to a line of kings. Then the witches disappear.

Ross and Angus come to find Macbeth, and tell him that the King has given him the title of Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth is surprised and happy, but he starts thinking of ways to become king. This frightens him, because he thinks that the only way he can become king is to murder Duncan.

In I.iv, Macbeth and Banquo return to Forres and Duncan thanks them for their courage and hard work. He also says that his son Malcolm will be his heir. Macbeth realizes that he will have to get past both Duncan and Malcolm to become king. Duncan says he is going to Macbeth's castle for the night.

In I.v, Lady Macbeth is reading a letter from Macbeth that tells her about the witches and their prophecy. She is very excited, and starts planning to murder Duncan. A messenger tells her that Duncan will be staying at their castle that night. She calls on evil spirits to make her strong and evil so that she can murder Duncan. Macbeth comes in and she tells him of her plans.

I.v shows Duncan, Banquo, Donalbain, Malcolm, Macduff and some of the thanes entering Macbeth's castle. Duncan and Banquo agree that the castle is sweet and pleasant. Lady Macbeth enters and greets them.

I.vii is the last scene in Act I. Macbeth is talking to himself about why it is wrong to kill the king. He knows that it is a bad thing to do, especially because he is the host and Duncan trusts him. Lady Macbeth enters and scolds him for being a coward and says that he is not brave enough to be a man. She works out how they are going to kill Duncan, and convinces Macbeth to do it.

Act II

Act II starts with Banquo and his son Fleance walking in a courtyard in Macbeth's castle. They meet Macbeth, who lies to Banquo and says that he has not thought about the witches' prophecy. When they leave, Macbeth sees a hallucination of a knife. He knows it is not real, but before his sight it changes and becomes covered in blood. He leaves to kill Duncan.

Lady Macbeth enters in scene ii. She has already made Duncan's guards drunk. Macbeth comes in with his hands covered in blood, carrying the knifes of the gurads. He is very troubled. Lady Macbeth comforts him and tells him to wash his hands and cover the guards with blood, so it looks like they did it. But Macbeth is afraid, so Lady Macbeth does it instead.

In II.iii, the porter is very drunk. He pretends to be the porter of the gate of hell, and takes a long time to open the gate for Macduff and Lennox. Macbeth greets them. Macduff says that he is there to wake the king, and Macbeth leads him to the king's room. Macduff is shocked to see the king murdered on his bed. He runs out shouting and wakes everybody up. Macbeth pretends he did not know about the murder, as everyone comes to see what is happening. He admits that he killed the guards, and says that he did it because he was so angry that they killed Duncan. Lady Macbeth faints and they rush to help her. Malcolm and Donalbain think that somebody is lying. They know it is not safe for them to stay in Scotland, so they run away. Malcolm goes to England, and Donalbain to Ireland.

Scene iv is a talk between Ross and an old man. They talk about how strange the night was. Nature seems to have turned into a mess now that Duncan is dead. Macduff comes in and says that Macbeth is going to become king. He does not trust Macbeth, and is not going to the coronation.

Act III

Banquo is alone on stage at the start of Act III. He realizes that Macbeth has become everything the witches said he would become. He thinks that Macbeth did wrong to get the crown, but he does not want to say anything. He hopes that his son will also be king, as the witches said. Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, and the lords enter. Macbeth asks Banquo if he is going riding that afternoon, and if Fleance is going with him. Banquo says yes to both. Two men come to see Macbeth, and he goes to meet them. He is angry that he has risked everything to become king, but that Banquo's sons will be kings after him. The men are actually murderers. Macbeth tells them that Banquo is the reason they are unhappy and have bad lifes, and convinces them to kill Banquo and Fleance.

Macbeth talks to Lady Macbeth in scene ii. He says that he has nightmares and cannot sleep. He is jealous of Duncan, because he is dead and does not need to worry anymore. Macbeth also says that he is worried about Banquo being alive, but he does not tell his wife about the murderers.

In III.iii, the two murderers meet another one, also sent by Macbeth. They kill Banquo, but Fleance escapes.

Scene iv has Macbeth at a banquet with the nobles. The murderers come in and inform him of Banquo's death and Fleance's escape. He returns to the table where the nobles are eating, and looks for a seat. Even though there is one empty, he cannot see it. He has a vision of the murdered Banquo sitting in his seat, and becomes hysterical talking to the vision. Lady Macbeth explains it to the nobles as an illness, and asks them to leave as Macbeth becomes more and more upset.

Many editors say that scene v of Act III, along with a song in IV.i, is not written by Shakespeare.[1] This is because the writing is different to the way Shakespeare usually writes. It has a witch called Hecate in it, who is not previously mentioned in the play. She seems to be in charge of the other witches and is scolding them for dealing with Macbeth without informing her.

In the final scene, Lennox is talking to another lord. They find out that Macduff has gone to England to convince Malcolm to return and claim his throne, and to ask for the help of King Edward of England.

Act IV

Act V

Performance

Many actors think it is bad luck to say the word "Macbeth", and will not say the play's name.[2] Instead, they call it "The Scottish Play". One theory about where this superstition came from is that the play deals with witchcraft.[3]

References

The English Wikibooks has more about this subject:
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
English Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 10, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Macbeth, which are similar to those in the above article.








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