Machu Picchu: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Machu Picchu

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

80 - Machu Picchu - Juin 2009 - edit.2.jpg
Huayna Picchu towers above the ruins of Machu Picchu
State Party  Peru
Type Mixed
Criteria i, iii, vii, ix
Reference 274
Region** Latin America and The Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 1983  (Seventh Session)
Machu Picchu is located in Peru
Map showing location of Machu Picchu in Peru
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
.Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Pikchu, "Old Peak", pronounced [ˈmɑ.t͡ʃu ˈpix.t͡ʃu]) is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level.^ Archaeological sites in Peru Forum Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,400 meters above sea level .
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ Sponsored Results www.GapAdventures.com/MachuPicchu Machu Picchu Machu Picchu (Machu Pikchu, "Old Peak"; ) is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,400 meters (7,875 ft) above sea level.
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu is located at an altitude of 2,400 meters (7,875 ft) above sea level.

[1] .It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows.^ It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 km northwest of Cuzco.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru , which is 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows.
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru , which is northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472).^ As part of their road system , the Inca built a road to the Machu Picchu region.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As part of their road system, the Inca built a road to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

.Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of the Inca World.^ Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is the most known symbol of the Inca Empire.

^ Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas" , Machu Picchu probably is the most familiar symbol of the Inca Empire .
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is probably the most familiar symbol of the Inca Empire.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

.The Incas started building the estate around AD 1400 but it was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.^ The Incas started building it around AD 1430 but it was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The site was built around 1460 but abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers after a century.

^ It was built around the year 1460, but abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later, at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire .
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham.^ Although known locally, it was said to have been forgotten for centuries when the site was brought to worldwide attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham , an American historian.
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Forgotten for centuries, the site was brought to worldwide attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American historian.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ The site was forgotten by the world until 1911, when it was discovered by Hiram Bingham, an American historian.

.Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.^ Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best time to experience Machu Picchu is after most of the other tourists have left the area on buses for hotels below the mountain or to connect with a train or helicopter to Cusco.
  • MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ In 2006 a Cusco-based company, Helicusco, sought to have tourist flights over Machu Picchu, but the decision was quickly overturned.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.[1] Since it was not plundered by the Spanish when they conquered the Incas, it is especially important as a cultural site and is considered a sacred place.^ Since it was not plundered by the Spanish when they conquered the Incas, it is especially important as a cultural site and it is considered a sacred place.
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He has been to all the sacred sites around the world.

.Machu Piccu was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World through an online and telephone poll conducted by the New7Wonders foundation.^ There are two high-altitude routes from Machu Picchu across the mountains back to Cusco, one through the sun gate, and the other across the Inca bridge.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And I will be making a website about Machu Picchu in the next few weeks (hopefully I will get it done way before the New 7 Wonders of the World deadline, which is in July 7, 2007).
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ He was chosen by the United Nations as one of seven elders to take ancient prophecies to the world.

.Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls.^ The stones of the dry-stone walls built by the Incas can move slightly and resettle without the walls collapsing.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the construction in Machu Picchu uses the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape.
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the classic Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

.Its primary buildings are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.^ Its primary buildings are the Intihuatana , the Temple of the Sun , and the Room of the Three Windows .
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Temple of the Sun's odd window-portal facing the House of the Caretaker of the Fountains Top left is the Watchman's Hut.
  • MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ THE TEMPLE OF THREE WINDOWS .
  • Machu Picchu Peru, travel and tourism guide and information center 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.peru-explorer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.^ These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 1980s a large rock from Machu Picchu's central plaza was moved out of its alignment to a different location in order to create a helicopter landing zone.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to archaeologists, the urban sector of Machu Picchu was divided into three great districts: the Sacred District, the Popular District to the south, and the District of the Priests and the Nobility.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In September 2007, Peru and Yale University reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Hiram Bingham had removed from Machu Picchu in the early twentieth century.^ Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ INTRODUCTION When Professor Hiram Bingham returned to Yale University after his discovery of Machu Picchu, Peru, in 1911, he stated that "the Inca were good engineers" ( Bingham 1913).

^ In September of 2007, Peru and Yale University reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Hiram Bingham had removed from Machu Picchu in the early 20th century.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

Contents

History

.Machu Picchu was constructed around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire.^ Machu Picchu was constructed around 1462, at the height of the Inca Empire.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu was constructed around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ Machu Picchu was constructed around 1460, at the height of the Inca Empire .
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .It was abandoned just over 100 years later, in 1572, as a belated result of the Spanish Conquest.^ It was abandoned less than 100 years later.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Devastating wars of succession soon followed setting the stage for abandonment of state projects and the Spanish conquest in 1533.

^ Mysteriously, building ceased and the site was abandoned just prior to the arrival of the Spanish.

[2][3] .It is likely that most of its inhabitants were wiped out by smallpox before the Spanish conquistadores arrived in the area, and it appears that they were aware of a place called Piccho although there is no record of the Spanish having visited the remote city.^ For me there is no other place like it on earth.
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ It is likely that most of its inhabitants were wiped out by smallpox before the Spanish conquistadores arrived in the area, and there is no record of the Spanish having known of the remote city.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no recent blogs in this area.
  • Cuzco, Peru Forecast : Weather Underground 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: General]

.The Conquistadors defaced sacred rocks in other locations but they are untouched at Machu Picchu.^ You will find the Sacred Rock at the northern end of Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu - Peru - Inca City in the Sky | Open Travel Info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.opentravelinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best time to experience Machu Picchu is after most of the other tourists have left the area on buses for hotels below the mountain or to connect with a train or helicopter to Cusco.
  • MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

[3]
.One of the earliest theories about the purpose of the citadel, by Hiram Bingham, is that it was the traditional birthplace of the Incan "Virgins of the Suns".^ One theory about the purpose of the citadel, by Hiram Bingham, is that it was the traditional birthplace of the Inca of the "Virgins of the Suns" .Bingham, Inca Land:Explorations in the Highlands of Peru , p.334 .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hiram Bingham , the credited discoverer of the site, along with several others, originally hypothesized that the citadel was the traditional birthplace of the Inca of the "Virgins of the Suns" .
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hiram Bingham, the credited discoverer of the site, along with several others originally hypothesized that the citadel was the traditional birthplace of the Inca people or the spiritual center of the "Virgins of the Suns".
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

[4] .Research conducted by scholars, such as John Rowe and Richard Burger, has convinced most archaeologists that Machu Picchu was an estate of the Inca emperor, Pachacuti.^ Machu Picchu, the royal estate of the Inca ruler Pachacuti ( Rowe 1990), is the most well known of all Inca archeological sites.

^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

^ Research conducted by scholars, such as John Rowe and Richard Burger, has convinced most archaeologists that Machu Picchu was an estate of the Inca emperor, Pachacuti .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .In addition, Johan Reinhard presented evidence that the site was selected because of its position relative to sacred landscape features such as its mountains, which are purported to be in alignment with key astronomical events that would have been important to the Incas.^ In addition, Johan Reinhard presented evidence that the site was selected because of its position relative to sacred landscape features—such as its mountains, which are purported to be in alignment with key astronomical events that would have been important to the Incas.
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, Johan Reinhard presented evidence that the site was selected based on its position relative to sacred landscape features.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ In addition, Johan Reinhard presented evidence that the site was selected because of its position relative to sacred landscape features such as its mountains, which are purported to be in alignment with key astronomical events that would have been important to the Incas.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another theory maintains that Machu Picchu was an Inca "llaqta", a settlement built to control the economy of these conquered regions.^ Another theory maintains that Machu Picchu was an Inca "llaqta", a settlement built to control the economy of these conquered regions.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As part of their road system , the Inca built a road to the Machu Picchu region.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another theory maintains that Machu Picchu was an Inca "llacta": a settlement built to control the economy of the conquered regions.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

.Yet another asserts that it may have been built as a prison for a select few who had committed heinous crimes against Inca society.^ Yet another asserts that it may have been built as a prison for a select few who had committed heinous crimes against Inca society.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may also have been built as a prison for the selective few who had commited such henous crimes against the Inca society.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ Another theory maintains that Machu Picchu was an Inca "llacta": a settlement built to control the economy of the conquered regions.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

.An alternative theory is that it is an agricultural testing station, the purpose of which is to test different types of crops in the many different micro-climates afforded by the location and the terraces, which were not enough to grow food on a large scale, as much to determine what could grow where.^ And still another theory is that it is an agricultural testing station, the purpose of which is to test different types of crops in the many different micro-climates afforded by the location and the terraces, which were not enough to grow food on a large scale, as much to determine what could grow where.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hillsides leading to it have been terraced, not only to provide more farmland to grow crops, but to steepen the slopes which invaders would have to ascend.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the terraces above us I could see several large rocks and boulders that looked stable enough to sit on, including one boulder that had a wedge cut out in the shape of a bench.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

[5]
View of the city of Machu Picchu in 1911
.Although the citadel is located only about 80 kilometers (50 miles) from Cusco, the Inca capital, it was never found by the Spanish and consequently not plundered and destroyed, as was the case with many other Inca sites.^ Although the citadel is located only about 80 kilometers from Cusco, the Inca capital, it was never found and consequently not destroyed by the Spanish, as was the case with many other Inca sites.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ View of the city of Machu Picchu in 1911 Although the citadel is located only about 80 kilometers (50 miles) from Cusco , the Inca capital, it was never found by the Spanish and consequently not plundered and destroyed, as was the case with many other Inca sites.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cusco or Cuzco, (UNESCO World Heritage Site) means “navel' in Quechua, a Native American Language, and referred to the city’s placement at the centre of the Inca Empire.
  • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

[3] .Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle grew over much of the site, and few knew of its existence.^ Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle grew over much of the site, and few knew of its existence.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Few outside the Inca's retainers knew of its existence.
  • Machu Pitchu Resource and References Page 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tylwythteg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On July 24, 1911, Machu Picchu was brought to the attention of scholars by Hiram Bingham, an American historian employed as a lecturer at Yale University.^ It was Hiram Bingham who, in charge of a Yale University expedition, discovered Machu Picchu on July 24, 1911.
  • Machu Pitchu Resource and References Page 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tylwythteg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hiram Bingham, upon his discovery of Machu Picchu, 24 July 1911 .

^ The train is named after Sir Hiram Bingham who discovered Machu Picchu in 1911.

.Bingham was led up to Machu Picchu by a local 11 year old Quechua boy named Pablito Alvarez.^ In that year it was re-discovered by Hiram Bingham with the help of a 11 year old local boy.
  • Machu Picchu- Cusco, Peru - VirtualTourist.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Day 11: Machu Picchu .
  • Adventure Travel and Hiking and Biking along the Lares Trail to Machu Picchu, Peru – BikeHike Adventures 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bikehike.com [Source type: General]

^ INTRODUCTION When Professor Hiram Bingham returned to Yale University after his discovery of Machu Picchu, Peru, in 1911, he stated that "the Inca were good engineers" ( Bingham 1913).

[6] .Bingham undertook archaeological studies and completed a survey of the area.^ Bingham undertook archaeological studies and completed a survey of the area.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bingham coined the name "The Lost City of the Incas", which was the title of his first book.^ The city was not rediscovered until July 24, 1911, when Yale University history professor Hiram Bingham III first visited it while exploring old Inca roads in the area.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even though skeptical- the expedition was familiar with the many myths about "lost cities"-Bingham insisted on being guided to the spot.
  • Machu Pitchu Resource and References Page 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tylwythteg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the help of a Yale University archaeological team, Bingham thought he had discovered the lost city of Vilcabamba, but this has since been disproved.

.Bingham had been searching for the city of Vilcapampa, the last Inca refuge and spot of resistance during the Spanish conquest of Peru.^ Bingham had been searching for the city of Vilcapampa , the last Inca refuge and spot of resistance during the Spanish conquest of Peru .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even though skeptical- the expedition was familiar with the many myths about "lost cities"-Bingham insisted on being guided to the spot.
  • Machu Pitchu Resource and References Page 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tylwythteg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Days Ancient Incas of Peru Experience the mysteries of Peru from the bustling city of Lima to the ancient city of Cuzco.
  • Peru Adventure Trips - South America Tours - BootsnAll World Adventures 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC adventures.bootsnall.com [Source type: General]

.In 1911, after years of previous trips and explorations around the zone, he was led to the citadel by Quechuas.^ In 1911, after years of previous trips and explorations around the zone, he was led to the citadel by Quechuans.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bingham was led up to Machu Picchu by a local 11 year old Quechua boy named Pablito Alvarez.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .These people were living in Machu Picchu, in the original Inca infrastructure.^ He was led to Machu Picchu by Quechuans who were living in Machu Picchu in the original Incan infrastructure.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

^ Inca ruins on the trail to Machu Picchu.

.Bingham made several more trips and conducted excavations on the site through 1915, carrying off artifacts.^ Bingham made several more trips and conducted excavations on the site through 1915.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bingham describes small disks made of the material found in excavations.

^ The re-discovery of the sector Bingham originally described as Llactapata, Sector 1 of a much more extended site, leads to an interpretation of this sector as having an astronomical function.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He wrote a number of books and articles about the discovery of Machu Picchu in his lifetime.^ He wrote a number of books and articles about Machu Picchu; his popular account, Lost City of the Incas, became a bestseller.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

^ It is estimated that a maximum of only about 750 people resided in Machu Picchu at any one time, and probably only a small fraction of that number lived in the town during the rainy season and when no noblity were visiting.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A complete overview of the site as seen from Huayna Picchu
.The site received significant publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu.^ In 1913, the site received a significant amount of publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ File:Machu Picchu overview Stevage.jpg|thumb|300px|A complete overview of the site as seen from Huayna Picchu ]] The site received significant publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when it was described as "an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization".
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An area of 325.92 square kilometers surrounding Machu Picchu was declared a "Historical Sanctuary" of Peru in 1971. In addition to the ruins, this sanctuary area includes a large portion of adjoining region, rich with flora and fauna.^ Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Wild orchids, Machu Picchu, Peru .
  • Macchu picchu Stock Photos and Images. 46 Macchu picchu pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the ruins, this sanctuary area includes a large portion of adjoining region, rich with flora and fauna .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Machu Picchu was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when it was described as "an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization".[7]
.On July 7, 2007, Machu Picchu was voted as one of New Open World Corporation's New Seven Wonders of the World.^ There are two high-altitude routes from Machu Picchu across the mountains back to Cusco, one through the sun gate, and the other across the Inca bridge.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And I will be making a website about Machu Picchu in the next few weeks (hopefully I will get it done way before the New 7 Wonders of the World deadline, which is in July 7, 2007).
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Although Kuelap was discovered 60 years before Machu Picchu, it is not as well-known to the outside world.

.The World Monuments Fund placed Machu Picchu on its 2008 Watch List of the 100 Most Endangered Sites in the world because of environmental degradation resulting from the impact of tourism, uncontrolled development in the nearby town of Aguas Calientes that included a poorly sited tram to ease visitor access, and the construction of a bridge across the Vilcanota River that is likely to bring even more tourists to the site in defiance of a court order and government protests against it.^ After lunch, transfer by bus to Aguas Calientes at the base of Machu Picchu.
  • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

^ After lunch, we will transfer by bus to Aguas Calientes at the base of Machu Picchu.

^ Overnight in the village of Aguas Calientes, just at bottom of Machu Picchu.

Early encounters

.Although Bingham was the first person to bring word of the ruins to the outside world, other outsiders allegedly came across Machu Picchu before him.^ Although Kuelap was discovered 60 years before Machu Picchu, it is not as well-known to the outside world.

^ Before long, of course, Bingham had rediscovered Machu Picchu.
  • Mysterious Machu Picchu - WSJ.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ I knew at the first sight it is Machu Picchu!
  • Machu Picchu on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Simone Waisbard, a long-time researcher of Cusco, claims that Enrique Palma, Gabino Sánchez, and Agustín Lizárraga left their names engraved on one of the rocks at Machu Picchu on July 14, 1901. In 1904, an engineer named Franklin supposedly spotted the ruins from a distant mountain.^ Do not ask me if the ruins are named for the mountain or if the mountain is named after the ruins.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1904, an engineer named Franklin supposedly spotted the ruins from a distant mountain.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When is the best time to see Machu Picchu?
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

.He told Thomas Payne, an English Christian missionary living in the region, about the site, Payne's family members claim.^ He told Thomas Payne, an English Christian missionary living in the region, about the site, Payne's family members claim.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bingham determined to press on to Palcay and the other sites he had been told about below at Suriray.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Descendants of the Incas This site contains a wealth of writings and photography about people living today near the city of Cuzco, Peru.
  • Machu Pitchu Resource and References Page 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tylwythteg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They also report that in 1906, Payne and another fellow missionary named Stuart E McNairn (1867–1956) climbed up to the ruins.^ We will enjoy lunch on our own at the ruins before meeting up with the trekking group when they arrive at Machu Picchu that afternoon.

^ After an arduous climb up a steep mountain Bingham found a series of ruins covered in dense jungle.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally you turn the corner and see the amazing sights of the ruins as they open up in front of you!
  • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

.The site may have been discovered and plundered in 1867 by a German businessman, Augusto Berns.^ The site may have been discovered and plundered in 1867 by a German businessman, Augusto Berns.; There is some evidence that a German engineer, J. M. von Hassel, arrived earlier.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .There is some evidence that a German engineer, J. M. von Hassel, arrived earlier.^ The site may have been discovered and plundered in 1867 by a German businessman, Augusto Berns.; There is some evidence that a German engineer, J. M. von Hassel, arrived earlier.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is evidence that some of the Inca structures have at some stage been partially occupied and altered by local herders.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Maps found by historians show references to Machu Picchu as early as 1874.[9]

Geography

Location of Machu Picchu
.Machu Picchu lies in the southern hemisphere, some 13 degrees south of the equator.^ The central part of the zone lies some 4 1/2 kilometres from Machu Picchu.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to archaeologists, the urban sector of Machu Picchu was divided into three great districts: the Sacred District, the Popular District to the south, and the District of the Priests and the Nobility.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An early start gives you more options to hike some of the peripheral trails, such as Wayna Picchu and Machu Picchu Mountain.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

[10] .It is 80 kilometers northwest of Cusco, on the crest of the mountain Machu Picchu, located about 2,450 metres (8,040 ft) above mean sea level, over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) lower than Cusco, which has an altitude of 3,600 metres (11,800 ft).^ Wiay Wayna is at an altitude of 2,600 metres and a distance of eight kilometres from Machu Picchu.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is there more to see than Cusco and Machu Picchu?
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ Day 11 MACHU PICCHU-CUZCO : .

[10] .As such, it had a milder climate than the Inca capital.^ As such, it had a milder climate than the Inca capital.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America, one of the most visited tourist attractions in all of Latin America[11] and is the most visited tourist attraction in Peru.^ It is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America and the most visited tourist attraction in Peru.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most important of all, in his journal he recorded compass bearings from the site.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Peru's most visited tourist attraction and major revenue generator, it is continually threatened by economic and commercial forces.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The year at Machu Picchu is divided between wet and dry seasons, with the majority of annual rainfall falling between the months of October through to April, however rain can fall any time of the year.^ When is the best time to see Machu Picchu?
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1913, the site received a significant amount of publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is estimated that a maximum of only about 750 people resided in Machu Picchu at any one time, and probably only a small fraction of that number lived in the town during the rainy season and when no noblity were visiting.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]
.Machu Picchu is situated above a loop of the Urubamba River, which surrounds the site on three sides, with cliffs dropping vertically for 450 metres (1,480 ft) to the river at their base.^ Three other trails drop down to the river from different sides.

^ In 1913, the site received a significant amount of publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when it was described as "an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization".
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The area is subject to morning mists rising from the river.^ Start early and watch the sun rise over Machu Picchu and take photographs of the area during this peaceful morning time.
  • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

[3] .The location of the city was a military secret, and its deep precipices and mountains provide excellent natural defenses.^ The location of the city was a military secret, and its deep precipices and mountains provide excellent natural defenses.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Inca Bridge, an Inca rope bridge, across the Urubamba River in the Pongo de Mainique, provided a secret entrance for the Inca army.^ The Inca Bridge , an Inca rope bridge , across the Urubamba River in the Pongo de Mainique , provided a secret entrance for the Inca army .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are two high-altitude routes from Machu Picchu across the mountains back to Cusco, one through the sun gate, and the other across the Inca bridge.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inca fortress city high above the gorge of the Urubamba River (alt.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another Inca bridge to the west of Machu Picchu, the tree-trunk bridge, at a location where a gap occurs in the cliff that measures 6 metres (20 ft), could be bridged by two tree trunks.^ Another Inca bridge to the west of Machu Picchu, the tree-trunk bridge, at a location where a gap occurs in the cliff that measures , could be bridged by two tree trunks.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

^ Inca ruins on the trail to Machu Picchu.

.If the trees were removed, it would leave a 570 metres (1,870 ft) fall to the base of the cliffs, also discouraging invaders.^ If the trees were removed, it would leave a fall to the base of the cliffs, also discouraging invaders.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The city sits in a saddle between the two mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu,[3] with a commanding view down two valleys and a nearly impassable mountain at its back.^ The city sits in a saddle between two mountains, with a commanding view down two valleys and a nearly impassable mountain at its back.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Faces and views Machu Picchu Mt.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Highlights Huayna Picchu Intipunku (Sun Gate) The ruins of Machu Picchu, "lost" city of the Incas, perch precariously on the spine of an impossibly beautiful green mountain 120 km from the ancient imperial capital of Cuzco, Peru.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Experience Machu Picchu Adventure Tours from Gap Adventures 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

.It has a water supply from springs that cannot be blocked easily, and enough land to grow food for about four times as many people as ever lived there.^ It has a water supply from springs that cannot be blocked easily, and enough land to grow food for about four times as many people as ever lived there.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is estimated that a maximum of only about 750 people resided in Machu Picchu at any one time, and probably only a small fraction of that number lived in the town during the rainy season and when no noblity were visiting.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And still another theory is that it is an agricultural testing station, the purpose of which is to test different types of crops in the many different micro-climates afforded by the location and the terraces, which were not enough to grow food on a large scale, as much to determine what could grow where.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The hillsides leading to it have been terraced, not only to provide more farmland to grow crops, but to steepen the slopes which invaders would have to ascend.^ The hillsides leading to it have been terraced, not only to provide more farmland to grow crops, but to steepen the slopes which invaders would have to ascend.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pancho reintroduced himself as Francisco (only his friends called him Pancho, I guess) and said he would lead the English tour.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The buildings would have crumbled and many of the agricultural terraces would have collapsed due to the high rainfall, steep slopes, slideprone soils, and settlement.

.The terraces also helped reduce soil erosion and protected against landslides.^ The trail and terraces were found to be in excellent condition, free of landslides and erosion.

^ Surrounding the hill, there are many narrow terraces that are not necessarily farming ones but served in order to stop erosion and protect the "Intiwatana".
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The terraces also provided protection from uncontrolled runoff and hillside erosion.

[12] .There are two high-altitude routes from Machu Picchu across the mountains back to Cusco, one through the sun gate, and the other across the Inca bridge.^ From Cusco you can do a two or four day hike to Machu Picchu on the Inca Trail.
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ There are two high-altitude routes from Machu Picchu across the mountains back to Cusco, one through the sun gate, and the other across the Inca bridge.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Cusco your overland route to Machu Picchu begins.
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

.Both easily could be blocked if invaders should approach along them.^ Both easily could be blocked if invaders should approach along them.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Regardless of its original purpose, it is strategically located and readily defended.^ Regardless of its original purpose, it is strategically located and readily defended.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kallanca strategically located just outside Machu Picchu at the junction of two main roads may have served a similar purpose.

The site

Partially restored Inca building
.The ruins of Machu Picchu are divided into two main sections known as the Urban and Agricultural Sectors, divided by a wall.^ Machu Picchu clearly had agricultural and urban zones, but was it a working city?
  • Mysterious Machu Picchu - WSJ.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, in a simple way Machupicchu is divided in two main sectors: farming and urban.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Inca ruins on the trail to Machu Picchu.

.The Agricultural Sector is further subdivided into Upper and Lower sectors, while the Urban Sector is split into East and West sectors, separated by wide plazas.^ A central wall divides the group into lower and upper sectors each with an internal plaza.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to archaeologists, the urban sector of Machu Picchu was divided into three great districts: the Sacred District, the Popular District to the south, and the District of the Priests and the Nobility.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These discharge to the large plaza area separating the East and West Urban Sectors, thus avoiding ponding of surface water.

[3]
.The central buildings of Machu Picchu use the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape.^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

^ Inca ruins on the trail to Machu Picchu.

^ Inca stone wall drainage outlets at Machu Picchu.

.The Incas were masters of this technique, called ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar.^ Tambo Machay is a small ruin comprised of a beautifully wrought ceremonial stone bath and is therefore popularly called "El Baño del Inca."
  • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

^ Tambo Machay is a small ruin comprised of a beautifully wrought ceremonial stone bath and is therefore popularly called “El Baño del Inca”.

^ "A scientist several years ago wanted to test a theory as to how the Inca cut large stones," our guide continued.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Incas were among the best stone masons the world has seen, and many junctions in the central city are so perfect that it is said not even a blade of grass fits between the stones.^ The Incas were among the best stone masons the world has seen, and many junctions in the central city are so perfect that it is said not even a blade of grass fits between the stones.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Incas were masters of this technique, called ashlar , in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The workmanship is in the best Vilcabamba style, with shaped corner blocks and carefully fitted, coursed, wall stones.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Terraced Fields of Machu Picchu
View of the residential section of Machu Picchu
.Some Inca buildings were constructed using mortar, but by Inca standards this was quick, shoddy construction, and was not used in the building of important structures.^ The stone temples constructed by the Inca used a mortarless construction process first used on a large scale by the Tiwanaku.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At some Inca sites, structures were later modified or removed and replaced by new building.

^ These are found in the most important structures at regional Inca sites such as the Coricancha in Cusco, Vitcos , Ollantaytambo and Choquequirao ( Gasparini & Margolies 1980).
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Peru is a highly seismic land, and mortar-free construction was more earthquake-resistant than using mortar.^ Airfare via American Airlines from Miami to Lima, Peru (see add-ons from more than 100 USA cities below).

^ It's near the Amazon in a climate far more temperate than the Quechua were used to high up in the Andes.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Major cities are no more than a two hour flight from Lima and domestic carriers Lan Peru, Aerocondor and Star Peru offer flights to prime destinations.
  • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

.The stones of the dry-stone walls built by the Incas can move slightly and resettle without the walls collapsing.^ It has a semicircular floor plan; its rear wall is straight and the whole temple is built with the "Imperial Inkan" architectonic type, that is, with rectangular faced stones with perfect joints.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

.Inca walls show numerous design details that also help protect them from collapsing in an earthquake.^ Inca walls show numerous design details that also help protect them from collapsing in an earthquake.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stones of the dry-stone walls built by the Incas can move slightly and resettle without the walls collapsing.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An earthquake destroyed the Santo Domingo church in 1950 revealing the Inca walls that were hidden or plastered over.
  • Global Adrenaline : Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.globaladrenaline.com [Source type: General]
  • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

.Doors and windows are trapezoidal and tilt inward from bottom to top; corners usually are rounded; inside corners often incline slightly into the rooms; and "L"-shaped blocks often were used to tie outside corners of the structure together.^ Doors and windows are trapezoidal and tilt inward from bottom to top; corners usually are rounded; inside corners often incline slightly into the rooms; and "L" -shaped blocks often were used to tie outside corners of the structure together.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The main buildings (1-7) have shaped corner blocks of quartzite and coursed slabs, with blocks for the walls.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These walls do not rise straight from bottom to top but are offset slightly from row to row.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These walls do not rise straight from bottom to top but are offset slightly from row to row.^ These walls do not rise straight from bottom to top but are offset slightly from row to row.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Incas never used the wheel in any practical manner.^ The Incas never used the wheel in any practical manner.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Researchers from The Field Museum believe that the practice was used to mark different ethnicities across the Inca Empire.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its use in toys demonstrates that the principle was well-known to them, although it was not applied in their engineering.^ Although Kuelap was discovered 60 years before Machu Picchu, it is not as well-known to the outside world.

.The lack of strong draft animals as well as terrain and dense vegetation issues may have rendered it impractical.^ The lack of strong draft animals as well as terrain and dense vegetation issues may have rendered it impractical.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.How they moved and placed enormous blocks of stones remains a mystery, although the general belief is that they used hundreds of men to push the stones up inclined planes.^ How they moved and placed enormous blocks of stones remains a mystery, although the general belief is that they used hundreds of men to push the stones up inclined planes.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today the word Inca still refers to the emperor, but can also refer to the people or the civilization, and is used as an adjective when referring to the beliefs of the people or the artifacts they left behind.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Going up the stone stairs is the "Quarry" or " Granitic Chaos" sector, where there are amorphous granite boulders; it is suggested that they were being exploited slowly.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

.A few of the stones still have knobs on them that could have been used to lever them into position; it is believed that after the stones were placed, the Incas would have sanded the knobs away, but a few were overlooked.^ A few of the stones still have knobs on them that could have been used to lever them into position; it is believed that after the stones were placed, the Incas would have sanded the knobs away, but a few were overlooked.
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ancient canals still bring water from the high mountains to the baths used by Inca priests.
  • Machu Picchu Tours - Machu Picchu, Cusco, and the Sacred Valley 7 day Peru tour 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.adventure-life.com [Source type: General]

^ The stone temples constructed by the Inca used a mortarless construction process first used on a large scale by the Tiwanaku.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The space is composed of 140 structures or features, including temples, sanctuaries, parks, and residences that include houses with thatched roofs.^ It has 200 buildings, mostly residences, but there are temples, storage structures and other public buildings, all with polygonal masonry characteristic of the late Inca period.

^ Positive surface drainage of urban grassed or soil areas to drain the runoff from the many thatched roof structures and plaza areas.

^ Johan Reinhard has identified the beautifully constructed building identified by Bingham as the Priests House near the Principal Temple of Machu Picchu as one such structure.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are more than one hundred flights of stone steps–often completely carved from a single block of granite–and a great number of water fountains that are interconnected by channels and water-drains perforated in the rock that were designed for the original irrigation system.^ The Intihuatana site consists of a large sculpted rock, a platform, water channels, waterspouts and basins.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is there more to see than Cusco and Machu Picchu?
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ Once making our way along the cliff path entrance we tried to trace Francisco's original entry route by climbing a small flight of stone steps.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

.Evidence has been found to suggest that the irrigation system was used to carry water from a holy spring to each of the houses in turn.^ Field investigations were conducted to define the agricultural drainage, any potential irrigation water sources, canals to conduct irrigation water to the agricultural sector, and any means to carry water to each of the many terraces.

^ No evidence of reuse of drainage water for irrigation was found within the Machu Picchu ruin.

.According to archaeologists, the urban sector of Machu Picchu was divided into three great districts: the Sacred District, the Popular District to the south, and the District of the Priests and the Nobility.^ Cloth was divided into three classes.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ High priest, chief astronomer - there was probably little difference at Machu Picchu."
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Choquequiraos builder, Topa Inca, chose his citys site and design precisely because of the similarities to Machu Picchu, the city of his predecessor, Pachachuti, according to Gary Ziegler, an independent American archaeologist who worked on the first Choquequirao excavation.
  • The Other Machu Picchu - New York Times 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

Temple of the Sun at Machu Picchu
.Located in the first zone are the primary archaeological treasures: the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.^ The nearby Temple of the Three Windows was also unfinished.

^ This is the line the sun would be seen to follow during equinox for a viewer at any of the three locations.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Behind the "Main Temple" is a small room of excellent quality that is known as " Ornaments Chamber"; because of its location it must have kept a close complementary relationship to the Temple.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

.These were dedicated to Inti, their sun god and greatest deity.^ The Inca leadership encouraged the worship of their gods, the foremost of which was Inti, the sun god.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subjects of the empire were allowed to worship their ancestral gods as long as they accepted the supremacy of Inti, the sun god, which was the most important god worshipped by the Inca leadership.
  • Pictures of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC travel.mongabay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These buildings were dedicated to various deities such as the sun, the moon, Venus, the Pleiades, thunder, and rainbow.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Popular District, or Residential District, is the place where the lower class people lived. It includes storage buildings and simple houses. .In the royalty area, a sector that existed for the nobility, includes a group of houses located in rows over a slope, the residence of the Amautas (wise persons) was characterized by its reddish walls, and the zone of the Ñustas (princesses) had trapezoid-shaped rooms.^ In Machupicchu's eastern area, toward the northeast of the Main Plaza there are many other buildings with "pirka" type walls (with rough mud-bonded stones); the buildings layout in this area is somewhat complex, and includes sectors that are differently named, such as " Higher Group", " Three Doorway Unit", etc.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of them is towards the " Inkan Bridge" for which, it is necessary to reach the small "Watchman Post" located on the upper area of the farming sector; from that spot there is a trail towards the southwest.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The gently sloping and level areas of the long ridge are well suited for agriculture as demonstrated by several recent cornfields located near the saddle.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Monumental Mausoleum is a carved statue with a vaulted interior and carved drawings. It was used for rites or sacrifices.
.As part of their road system, the Inca built a road to the Machu Picchu region.^ "Inca trail discovery at Machu Picchu."

^ Inca ruins on the trail to Machu Picchu.

^ Stroll the colonial cities of Sucre, Cuzco and Arequipa, cruise Lake Titicaca, stay with a local family, and hike the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Experience Machu Picchu Adventure Tours from Gap Adventures 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

.Today, tens of thousands of tourists walk the Inca Trail to visit Machu Picchu each year, acclimatising at Cusco before starting on a two- to four-day journey on foot from the Urubamba valley up through the Andes mountain range to the isolated city.^ DAY 16 MACHU PICCHU-CUZCO : .

^ DAY 05 CUZCO-MACHU PICCHU-CUZCO: .

^ This is the classic four-day trek along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

.Further evidence of Machu Picchu's role in long-distance trade comes from non-local artifacts found at the site.^ Afterwards, our guide will give us a tour of Machu Picchu explaining the history and significance of the major sites.
  • Adventure Travel and Hiking and Biking along the Lares Trail to Machu Picchu, Peru – BikeHike Adventures 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bikehike.com [Source type: General]

^ Two principal faults are named for the two prominent local peaks: Huayna Picchu Fault and Machu Picchu Fault, as shown in Fig.

^ SPECIAL DRAINAGE FACILITIES The descriptions of the general drainage features and criteria for Machu Picchu provide evidence to support Hiram Bingham's estimate of Inca engineering capabilities.

.An example of long-distance transport are unmodified obsidian nodules from the Chivay Obsidian Source that were found at the entrance gateway to Machu Picchu by Bingham.^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No evidence of reuse of drainage water for irrigation was found within the Machu Picchu ruin.

^ For example, current theory suggests that Machu Picchu was probably a religious retreat for the Inca.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the 1970s Burger and Asaro determined that these obsidian samples were from the Titicaca or Chivay obsidian source and that these samples from Machu Picchu represent the further transport of this obsidian type in prehispanic Peru.^ Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Stroll the colonial cities of Sucre, Cuzco and Arequipa, cruise Lake Titicaca, stay with a local family, and hike the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Experience Machu Picchu Adventure Tours from Gap Adventures 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

^ Only the best of luxury and boutique hotels in Peru Machu Picchu become Tablet Hotels - the most reliable seal of approval in the hotel industry.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

[13]
.The Guardhouse is a three-sided building with one of its long sides opening onto the Terrace of the Ceremonial Rock.^ Structure 2 is a long building with three entranceways facing east into a small plaza.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sacrisiti Temple: Open on one side, facing Llactapata and Pumasillo at 245 degrees.

^ The Guard house, designed with one side open, a waynona, is similar to the two buildings that border the Sacred Rock Plaza and probably served a similar ritual purpose.

.This three-sided style of Inca architecture is known as the wayrona style.^ Sacred Rock The Sacred Rock is flanked by two three-sided and thatched roofed buildings called wayronas.

[14]

January 2010 evacuation

.In January 2010 heavy rain caused flooding which buried or washed away roads and railways leading to Machu Picchu, trapping over 2,000 tourists there.^ High priest, chief astronomer - there was probably little difference at Machu Picchu."
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As we gathered at the station Willie said there was time to use the restrooms before we caught the bus to Machu Picchu.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They have since been evacuated, as were about 2,000 locals. Machu Picchu was temporarily closed,[15] but it reopened on February 28, 2010.[16] Peru's rail crew has been hard at work since then, and because of their hard work, Peru's government estimates that Machu Picchu will reopen to tourists April 1, 2010.

Intihuatana stone

The Intihuatana ("sun-tier") is believed to have been designed as an astronomic clock or calendar by the Incas
.The Intihuatana stone is one of many ritual stones in South America.^ Strict vegetarians will have to bring many food supplements from home, as specialty items are unavailable in South America.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ This leads into a nicely made, sunken, stone lined enclosure (8) resembling one of the fountains or ritual baths at Machu Picchu or Wiay Wayna .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Spanish did not find Machu Picchu so the Intihuatana Stone was not destroyed as many other ritual stones in Peru were.^ Wild orchids, Machu Picchu, Peru .
  • Macchu picchu Stock Photos and Images. 46 Macchu picchu pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Although the Spanish destroyed much of the Coricancha, early colonial chroniclers had extensively described its buildings and rituals.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Galapagos & Machu Picchu: Peru & Ecuador for 14 days - Visiting Quito -Otavalo -Galapagos -Lima, Cuzco & Machu Picchu - 2 selections..with 5 star and 4 star hotels & cruises.

.These stones are arranged to point directly at the sun during the winter solstice.^ The day of the winter solstice (June 21st) the Quechuas had to perform the "Inti Raymi" (Sun Festivity) that was the biggest celebration of the Inkan Society.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The alignment of 65 degrees also points to sunrise over Machu Picchu during the June Solstice.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I) The Torreon: Popularly called the Temple of the Sun, a shaped stone enclosed within the Torreon is reported to receive a ray of sun light through the east facing window during the June solstice.

.The name of the stone (coined perhaps by Hiram Bingham III) is Quechua: inti means 'sun', and wata- is the verb root 'to tie, hitch (up)' ('huata-' is simply a Spanish spelling).^ "Intiwatana" is translated as the "place where the sun is tied up" or simply "sun fastener".
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps Yanatin would better be called by its local Quechua name Yanati that we will now use.

^ In this date, the sun is located in the farthest point from the earth or vice versa, thus the Quechuas believed that their "Tayta Inti" (Father Sun) was abandoning them.
  • Machu Picchu Travel - Machupicchu - Hotel in Machu Picchu, Tours in Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.alltravelperu.com [Source type: Original source]

The Quechua -na suffix derives nouns for tools or places. .Hence inti watana is literally an instrument or place to 'tie up the sun', often expressed in English as the "The Hitching Post of the Sun" because the stone was believed to hold the sun in its place along its annual path in the sky.^ Once we entered the gates we followed a sandy path along the edge of a cliff and eventually climbed a stone passage that continued to curve around the size of the precipice.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reinhard believes that Wiay Wayna was built as a ritual-stopping place along the road to Machu Picchu.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intihuatana, the Hitching Post of the Sun.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

At midday on March 21 and September 21, the equinoxes, the sun stands almost above the pillar—casting no shadow at all.[17] Researchers believe that it was built as an astronomic clock or calendar.
The Intihuatana stone was damaged in September 2000 when a 450 kg (1,000-pound) crane fell onto it, breaking off a piece of stone the size of a ballpoint pen. The crane was being used by a crew hired by J. Walter Thompson advertising agency to film an advertisement for a beer brand. ."Machu Picchu is the heart of our archaeological heritage and the Intihuatana is the heart of Machu Picchu.^ Francisco, our Machu Picchu Guide .
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no archaeological evidence that Machu Picchu was occupied after the arrival of the European invaders in Cusco in 1533.

^ This allows our passengers an additional day on the trail and a full tour at Machu Picchu.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

They've struck at our most sacred inheritance,"
said Federico Kaufmann Doig, a Peruvian archaeologist.[18]

Concerns over tourism

.Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.^ And I will be making a website about Machu Picchu in the next few weeks (hopefully I will get it done way before the New 7 Wonders of the World deadline, which is in July 7, 2007).
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Although Kuelap was discovered 60 years before Machu Picchu, it is not as well-known to the outside world.

^ For the modern period, available on-site climatological data from 1964 through 1977 were selected for analysis of agricultural potential at Machu Picchu.

As Peru's most visited tourist attraction and major revenue generator, it is continually threatened by economic and commercial forces. .In the late 1990s, the Peruvian government granted concessions to allow the construction of a cable car and development of a luxury hotel, including a tourist complex with boutiques and restaurants.^ Only the best of luxury and boutique hotels in Peru Machu Picchu become Tablet Hotels - the most reliable seal of approval in the hotel industry.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

^ See the most respected selection of boutique and luxury hotels in Machu Picchu and make online reservations with exclusive hotel rates and luxury packages.
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

^ Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu .
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

.These plans were met with protests from scientists, academics, and the Peruvian public—all worried that the greater numbers of visitors would pose tremendous physical burdens on the ruins.^ Using these numbers as a rough guide, a modest tip would be $40, and many passengers contribute double this sum.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

[19]
.A growing number of people visit Machu Picchu (400,000 in 2003).^ On Day 8, the group descends 3,000 feet from their campsite at Phuyapatamarca to reach spectacular Machu Picchu in the afternoon.
  • Inca Trail Trek - Machu Picchu Pilgrimage 10 day Peru tour 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.adventure-life.com [Source type: General]

^ Galapagos & Machu Picchu: Peru & Ecuador for 14 days - Visiting Quito -Otavalo -Galapagos -Lima, Cuzco & Machu Picchu - 2 selections..with 5 star and 4 star hotels & cruises.

^ Optional tours available to visit Cuzco & Machu Picchu.

[20] .For this reason, there were protests against a plan to build a bridge to the site as well.^ The site contains seven well-constructed, large buildings 45 to 50 feet in length.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The building of a well-planned community with a substantial infrastructure in a remote mountainous environment would be difficult even under modern conditions.

[21] A no-fly zone exists above the area.[22] .UNESCO is considering putting Machu Picchu on its List of World Heritage Sites in Danger.^ And I will be making a website about Machu Picchu in the next few weeks (hopefully I will get it done way before the New 7 Wonders of the World deadline, which is in July 7, 2007).
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Although Kuelap was discovered 60 years before Machu Picchu, it is not as well-known to the outside world.

^ For the modern period, available on-site climatological data from 1964 through 1977 were selected for analysis of agricultural potential at Machu Picchu.

[21]
.During the 1980s a large rock from Machu Picchu's central plaza was moved out of its alignment to a different location in order to create a helicopter landing zone.^ The central part of the zone lies some 4 1/2 kilometres from Machu Picchu.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This cozy mid-range hotel looks out directly onto the Vilcanota River, and is just a block from the central plaza in Aguas Calientes.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ High priest, chief astronomer - there was probably little difference at Machu Picchu."
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

Helicopter landings were forbidden in the 1990s. .In 2006 a Cusco-based company, Helicusco, sought to have tourist flights over Machu Picchu and initially received a license to do so, but the decision was quickly overturned.^ The climate, vegetation and fauna of Llactapata are similar to that of the Machu Picchu Sanctuary, receiving more that 75 inches of annual rainfall (Wright-Valencia 2000).
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We were in Machu Picchu in late March 2006 and this image just brings me back!
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ We graciously thanked our hotel friend before boarding the tourist train to Machu Picchu.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

[23]
View of Machu Picchu from Huayna Picchu, showing the Hiram Bingham Highway used by tour buses to and from the town of Aguas Calientes

Controversy with Yale University

.In 1912 and 1914–15, Bingham excavated the treasures from Machu Picchu—ceramic vessels, silver statues, jewelry and human bones—and took them from Peru to Yale University in the United States for further study for a period of 18 months.^ Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Wild orchids, Machu Picchu, Peru .
  • Macchu picchu Stock Photos and Images. 46 Macchu picchu pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ DAY 15 CUZCO-MACHU PICCHU: .

.Yale has retained the artifacts until now under the argument that Peru didn't have the infrastructure or proper conditions to take care of the pieces.^ The building of a well-planned community with a substantial infrastructure in a remote mountainous environment would be difficult even under modern conditions.

.The National Geographic Society, which co-sponsored Bingham’s explorations, has acknowledged that the artifacts were taken on loan and is committed to seeing them returned to Peru.^ Bingham, a Yale professor of Latin American history, had received funding from the university and the National Geographic Society to find Villcabamba, the lost Inca fortress believed to have been built down the Urubamba River after the fall of the citadel at Ollantaytambo.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

^ INTRODUCTION When Professor Hiram Bingham returned to Yale University after his discovery of Machu Picchu, Peru, in 1911, he stated that "the Inca were good engineers" ( Bingham 1913).

^ Bingham published just one photograph of Llactapata in his original National Geographic article In the Wonderland of Peru (Bingham 1913), and none subsequently.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Eliane Karp, an anthropologist who is the wife of the former Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo, accused Yale of profiting from Peru's cultural heritage by claiming title to thousands of pieces removed from Machu Picchu by Bingham in 1912, some of which have been on display at Yale's Peabody Museum ever since.^ I was in Peru during the summer and also got some photos of Machu Picchu .
  • Machu Picchu on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Binghams decision to move on rapidly is also of a piece with his previous actions when he first saw Machu Picchu, in 1911: again he initially spent just a few hours at the site before heading on rapidly to his next objective.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some of the artifacts Bingham removed were returned to Peru, but Yale kept the rest saying its position was supported by federal case law involving Peruvian antiquities.^ INTRODUCTION When Professor Hiram Bingham returned to Yale University after his discovery of Machu Picchu, Peru, in 1911, he stated that "the Inca were good engineers" ( Bingham 1913).

[24]
.On September 19, 2007, the Courant reported that Peru and Yale had reached an agreement regarding the requested return of the artifacts.^ INTRODUCTION When Professor Hiram Bingham returned to Yale University after his discovery of Machu Picchu, Peru, in 1911, he stated that "the Inca were good engineers" ( Bingham 1913).

The agreement includes sponsorship of a joint traveling exhibition and construction of a new museum and research center in Cusco about which Yale will advise Peruvian officials. .Yale acknowledges Peru's title to all the excavated objects from Machu Picchu, but Yale will share rights with Peru in the research collection, part of which will remain at Yale as an object of continuing study.^ Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Since 1983, Machu Picchu has been treasured as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and draws tourists from all over the world.
  • Flights to Machu Picchu - LAN.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.lan.com [Source type: General]

^ A complete network of interconnecting roads linked Cusco to its provinces and other kingdoms and the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu was part of that sy...
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

[25]
.On June 19, 2008, National Geographic Society’s vice-president Terry Garcia was quoted by daily La República.^ Corihuayrachina; Victorias Secret Revealed: A Preliminary Report of the 2001 National Geographical Society Vilcabamba Expedition.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

“We were part of this agreement. National Geographic was there, we know what was said, the objects were lent and should be returned.”
Panoramic photograph of Machu Picchu, looking towards Huayna Picchu.
Panoramic photograph of the residential section

In media

.Secret of the Incas was filmed by Paramount Pictures on location at Cusco and Machu Picchu, the first time that a major Hollywood studio filmed on site.^ Since 1983, Machu Picchu has been treasured as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and draws tourists from all over the world.
  • Flights to Machu Picchu - LAN.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.lan.com [Source type: General]

^ Built around the 1460s during the height of the Inca Empire, the city of Machu Picchu was inhabited for less than 100 years.
  • Flights to Machu Picchu - LAN.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.lan.com [Source type: General]

^ Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights .
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

Five hundred natives were used as extras in the film.[26] The film also featured the Peruvian singer Yma Sumac as Kori-Tica. The film caused a surge in tourism to Peru in 1954.

See also

References

Bibliography

Bingham, Hiram (1922). .Inca Land: explorations in the highlands of Peru.^ Along the many souvenirs, you will carry memories of your unforgettable journey through the Land of the Incas- Peru.

Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Houghton Mifflin. OCLC 248230298.
 
Bingham, Hiram (1930, 1979). .Machu Picchu, a citadel of the Incas.^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With Andean Treks' 5-day Inca Trail trek, you spend four full days walking to Machu Picchu, and a fifth day exploring in the famous ruins themselves.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, current theory suggests that Machu Picchu was probably a religious retreat for the Inca.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

.New York, USA: Hacker Art Books.^ DAY 08 SUN. LIMA-USA: Transfer to the airport for flight to Miami, New York or Los Angeles.

^ New York, NY, USA .
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

ISBN 9780878172528. OCLC 6579761.
 
.Burger, Richard; and Lucy Salazar (eds.^ Richard Burger, David Drew, Vince Lee, Johan Reinhard, Lucy Salazar, Tom Sever of NASA, Kenneth Wright and R. Tom Zuidema all gave invaluable advice and help at different times.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This should be seen in the light of recent work by John Rowe, Richard Burger and Lucy Salazar-Burger, which places Machu Picchu in the context of Pachacutis personal estate (Rowe 1987, Burger & Salazar-Burger 1993).
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Burger, Richard L. and Lucy Salazar-Burger 2003, edited by, The 1912 Yale Peruvian Scientific Expedition Collections from Machu Picchu: Human and Animal Remains (Yale University Publications in Anthropology, No 85) .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) (2004). .Machu Picchu: Unveiling the Mystery of the Incas.^ Inca Trail Non-Permitted Treks, Machu Picchu, Mollepata / Salkantay, Cusco .
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley/Urubamba, Cusco, Inca Trail Non-Permitted Treks .
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

.New Haven, Connecticut, USA: Yale University Press.^ Monuments of the Incas (Boston), revised edition (University of New Mexico Press 1990) .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu: Unveiling the Mystery of the Incas ( Yale University Press) .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ISBN 9780300097634. OCLC 52806202.
 
Davies, Nigel (1997). The Ancient Kingdoms of Peru. .London, UK and New York, USA: Penguin Books.^ DAY 08 SUN. LIMA-USA: Transfer to the airport for flight to Miami, New York or Los Angeles.

ISBN 0-14-023381-4. OCLC 37552622.
 
Frost, Peter; Daniel Blanco; Abel Rodríguez and Barry Walker (1995). .Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary.^ Exclusive for Tablet Plus members, every stay at Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge automatically includes the following select privileges and/or amenities: .
  • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

^ The trek cost does not include the Machu Picchu Sanctuary trail fee of $90.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ Andean Treks supports the efforts of the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary Authority (UGM) to protect the environment within the park by measures which include limiting the daily capacity of the route, and enforcing a policy of 100% carry in/carry out.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

Lima, Peru: Nueves Imágines. OCLC 253680819.
 
MacQuarrie, Kim (2007). .The Last Days of the Incas.^ At noon meeting with the Inca trail outfitter for last minute recommendations -do's and dont's for the next exciting days.

.New York, USA: Simon & Schuster.^ DAY 08 SUN. LIMA-USA: Transfer to the airport for flight to Miami, New York or Los Angeles.

ISBN 978-0743260497. OCLC 77767591.
 
Magli, Giulio (2009). ."At the other end of the sun’s path: A new interpretation of Machu Picchu" (PDF).^ And I will be making a website about Machu Picchu in the next few weeks (hopefully I will get it done way before the New 7 Wonders of the World deadline, which is in July 7, 2007).
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ A complete network of interconnecting roads linked Cusco to its provinces and other kingdoms and the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu was part of that sy...
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ As a closely related satellite of Machu Picchu, this interpretation applies well to the Llactapata site.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0904/0904.4882.pdf
. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
 
Reinhard, Johan (2007). .Machu Picchu: Exploring an Ancient Sacred Center.^ With Andean Treks' 5-day Inca Trail trek, you spend four full days walking to Machu Picchu, and a fifth day exploring in the famous ruins themselves.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ A sight line orientated directly east, passing through the huaca Intihuatana at the sacred Urubamba River, Wilcamayu , to Mt Machu Picchu is particularly significant.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Follow the Urubamba River as it tumbles its way towards the Amazon and the sacred city of Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu Tours - Machu Picchu, Cusco, and the Sacred Valley 7 day Peru tour 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.adventure-life.com [Source type: General]

.Los Angeles, California, USA: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA.^ DAY 08 SUN. LIMA-USA: Transfer to the airport for flight to Miami, New York or Los Angeles.

ISBN 9781931745444. OCLC 141852845.
 
Richardson, Don (1981). Eternity in their Hearts. Ventura, California, USA: Regal Books. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-8307-0925-8. OCLC 491826338. 
.UNESCO World Heritage Centre.^ Since 1983, Machu Picchu has been treasured as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and draws tourists from all over the world.
  • Flights to Machu Picchu - LAN.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.lan.com [Source type: General]

."Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu".^ The trek cost does not include the Machu Picchu Sanctuary trail fee of $90.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ Andean Treks supports the efforts of the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary Authority (UGM) to protect the environment within the park by measures which include limiting the daily capacity of the route, and enforcing a policy of 100% carry in/carry out.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ When that happens, you have two options – change your holiday dates, or trek outside the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

.UNESCO World Heritage Centre.^ Now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Machu Picchu is the centrepoint of Peru and one of the must-see attractions in South America - and you'll see why.
  • Flights to Machu Picchu - LAN.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.lan.com [Source type: General]

http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=31&id_site=274
. Retrieved 2010-01-10.
 
Weatherford, J. McIver (1988). Indian givers: how the Indians of the Americas transformed the world. .New York, USA: Fawcett Columbine.^ DAY 08 SUN. LIMA-USA: Transfer to the airport for flight to Miami, New York or Los Angeles.

ISBN 0-449-90496-2. OCLC 474116190.
 
Wright, Kenneth; Alfredo Valencia Zegarra (2000). .Machu Picchu: A Civil Engineering Marvel.^ Machu Picchu: A Civil Engineering .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ B,3L,3D) Walk in the footsteps of the great Inca civilization as you journey along their ancient trail to the sacred city of 'Machu Picchu'.
  • Inca Trail Trek - Machu Picchu Pilgrimage 10 day Peru tour 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.adventure-life.com [Source type: General]

^ (B) Day 06 CUZCO-MACHU PICCHU Full day excursion by train to the most mysterious, energetic and powerful place of the Inca civilization.

.Reston, Virginia, USA: ASCE Press (American Society of Civil Engineers).^ Restone , VA: ASCE Press.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ISBN 9780784404447. OCLC 43526790.
 
.Wright, Kenneth R.; Alfredo Valencia Zegarra and Christopher M. Crowley (May 2000a).^ Wright, Ruth J., and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wright, Kenneth and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra , 2000.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Completion Report to Instituto Nacional de Cultura on Archaeological Exploration of the Inca Trail on the East Flank of Machu Picchu and on Palynology of Terraces Part 1" (PDF).^ Inca Trail Non-Permitted Treks, Machu Picchu, Mollepata / Salkantay, Cusco .
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ The trek cost does not include the Machu Picchu Sanctuary trail fee of $90.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.http://www.wrightpaleo.com/pdf/MP%20East%20Flank%20Report%20Pt%201%20Cover.pdf.^ Nice image, but peanuts compared to this 1.5 GIGApixel image of the same subject : http://www.docbert.org/MP/ .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

Retrieved 2010-01-14
.
 
.Wright, Kenneth R.; Alfredo Valencia Zegarra and Christopher M. Crowley (May 2000b).^ Wright, Ruth J., and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wright, Kenneth and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra , 2000.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Completion Report to Instituto Nacional de Cultura on Archaeological Exploration of the Inca Trail on the East Flank of Machu Picchu and on Palynology of Terraces Part 2" (PDF).^ Inca Trail Non-Permitted Treks, Machu Picchu, Mollepata / Salkantay, Cusco .
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ The trek cost does not include the Machu Picchu Sanctuary trail fee of $90.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.http://www.wrightpaleo.com/pdf/MP%20East%20Flank%20Report%20Pt%202%20Text.pdf.^ Nice image, but peanuts compared to this 1.5 GIGApixel image of the same subject : http://www.docbert.org/MP/ .
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

Retrieved 2010-01-14
.
 
.Wright, Kenneth R.; Alfredo Valencia Zegarra and Christopher M. Crowley (May 2000c).^ Wright, Ruth J., and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra .
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wright, Kenneth and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra , 2000.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Completion Report to Instituto Nacional de Cultura on Archaeological Exploration of the Inca Trail on the East Flank of Machu Picchu and on Palynology of Terraces Part 3" (PDF).^ Inca Trail Non-Permitted Treks, Machu Picchu, Mollepata / Salkantay, Cusco .
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ The trek cost does not include the Machu Picchu Sanctuary trail fee of $90.
  • Andean Treks Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu, Peru, 5 days, 4 nights | Andean Treks 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.andeantreks.com [Source type: General]

^ We have estimated the distance along the Inca road to Machu Picchu to be less than eight kilometres.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

http://www.wrightpaleo.com/pdf/MP%20East%20Flank%20Report%20Pt%203%20Drawings.pdf
. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
 
Wright, Ruth M.; Dr. Alfredo Valencia Zegarra (2001, 2004). .The Machu Picchu Guidebook: A self-guided tour (Revised ed.^ A complete guided tour of Machu Picchu will be provided (2 hours).

^ This two-day trip includes a one-day trek on the classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu with second day to explore the ruins with your guide.
  • Machu Picchu Tours | Detour, The Adventure Travel Marketplace 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.detourdestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ Machu Picchu was a Sacred Place, names given by that adventurer were only guides to designate most places.
  • Machu Picchu on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). .Boulder, Colorado, USA: Johnson Books.^ Johnson Books, Boulder.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ISBN 1-55566-327-3. OCLC 53330849. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=xef8JWgrDlsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=The+Machu+Picchu+Guidebook:+A+self-guided+tour&cd=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false.
 

Notes

  1. ^ a b UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
  2. ^ a b Wright et al 2000b, p.1.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Wright & Valencia Zegarra 2001, 2004, p.1.
  4. ^ Bingham 1922, p.334.
  5. ^ Weatherford 1988, pp.60–62.
  6. ^ "Machu Picchu History". http://www.ourworldwonders.com/MachuPicchu/History.htm. 
  7. ^ "UNESCO advisory body evaluation" (PDF). http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/274.pdf. 
  8. ^ Dan Collyns (6 June 2008). "Machu Picchu ruin 'found earlier'". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/7439397.stm. ;Michael Marshall (7 June 2008). "'Incan lost city looted by German businessman'". NewScientist. http://www.newscientist.com/channel/being-human/dn14050-incan-lost-city-looted-by-german-businessman.html?feedId=online-news_rss20. 
  9. ^ NYtimes.com
  10. ^ a b c Wright & Valencia Zegarra 2001, 2004, p.ix.
  11. ^ Davies 1997, p.163.
  12. ^ Wright et al 2000b, p.2.
  13. ^ Burger and Salazar 2004
  14. ^ Wright & Valencia Zegarra 2001, 2004, p.8.
  15. ^ BBC, jhayzee27 (January 29, 2010). "Machu Picchu Airlift Rescues 1,400 Tourists". Disaster Alert Network LLC. UBAlert. http://www.ubalert.com/a/14452. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  16. ^ travel staff, Seattle Times (February 5, 2010). "Machu Picchu to reopen earlier than expected after storms". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/travel/2010992388_webperu05.html?syndication=rss. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  17. ^ "Machu Picchu, Peru". http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:JSwdbm9AmYwJ:www.sacredsites.com/americas/peru/machu_picchu.html+%22Intihuatana+Stone%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&client=firefox-a. 
  18. ^ ( – Scholar.Google.co.uk) Sacred stone in Machu Picchu damaged during beer commercial, CNN, September 12, 2000, http://archives.cnn.com/2000/WORLD/americas/09/11/peru.machupicchu.ap/ 
  19. ^ Sacredland.org, Sacred Land Film Project.
  20. ^ "Row erupts over Peru's tourist treasure", BBC News Online. 27 December 2003
  21. ^ a b "Bridge stirs the waters in Machu Picchu", BBC News Online, 1 February 1, 2007
  22. ^ "Peru bans flights over Inca ruins", BBC News Online, 8 September 2006
  23. ^ BBC News: Peru bans flights over Inca ruins
  24. ^ "Hartford Courant. "Peru Presses Yale On Relics." March 14, 2006.". http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/messages/467/2045289.html. 
  25. ^ Hartford Courant. "Yale To Return Incan Artifacts" by Edmund H. Mahoney. September 19, 2007
  26. ^ Production Notes - Secret Of The Incas @ TCM Database

Further reading

Kops, Deborah (2009). Machu Picchu. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA: Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 9780822575849. OCLC 189667204. http://books.google.com/books?id=57mqdKhFIF8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Machu+Picchu%22&cd=6#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The ruins viewed from the Guardian's Hut
The ruins viewed from the Guardian's Hut
.Machu Picchu [1] is the site of an ancient Inca city, high in the Andes of Peru.^ Machu Picchu is one of the many cities the Incas constructed in the high Andes Mountains.

^ D gallery of World places Peru: Machu Picchu, the lost Inca city .
  • 3D gallery of World places - Peru Machu Picchu 3D 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.3djournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ancient city of Machu Picchu is a symbol of community and dedication.
  • Machu Picchu the New 7 Wonders of the World 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.go2peru.com [Source type: News]

.Located at 2,430 metres (8,000 ft), this UNESCO World Heritage site is often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", is one of the most familiar symbols of the Incan Empire, and is one of the most famous and spectacular sets of ruins in the world — a visit to Peru would not be complete without it.^ Lost city of the Incas.
  • Machu Picchu: A Brief Bibliography: Science Reference Guides (Science Reference Services, Library of Congress) 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ D gallery of World places Peru: Machu Picchu, the lost Inca city .
  • 3D gallery of World places - Peru Machu Picchu 3D 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.3djournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often referred to as "the Lost City of the Incas," Machu Picchu is the most-visited tourist attraction in Peru.

Understand

History

.These remarkable ruins were only rediscovered in 1911 by the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham.^ It was rediscovered by professor Hiram Bingham in 1911.
  • Gate of the Sun - Peru Tours - Cusco, Cuzco & Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley of the Incas Tour 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.gateofthesun.com [Source type: General]

^ Discovered only in 1911 by the American Yale professor Hiram Bingham.

^ American Hiram Bingham, who found the ruins in 1911, originally thought little of them.
  • Gorp - The Inca Road to Machu Picchu - An Ancient Power |Gorp.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.gorp.com [Source type: General]

.Perched dramatically 1000 ft above the Urubamba river, Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage site.^ The entrance to Machu Picchu overlooks the site.

^ How high above the Urubamba river is Machu Picchu?
  • Machu Picchu Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UNESCO has listed Machu Picchu as an endangered World Heritage Site.
  • The Wonder of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC blog.ratestogo.com [Source type: General]

.It is also the end point of the most popular hike in South America, the Inca Trail.^ Active Hiking & Touring - Inca Trail hike .

^ What's the Inca Trail hike like?
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is the most famous and popular trek in South America.
  • Inca Trail Hiking & Camping to Machu Picchu Cusco Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.peruperu.com [Source type: General]

.The story of Machu Picchu is quite a remarkable one; it is still unknown exactly what the site was in terms of its place in Inca life.^ The entrance to Machu Picchu overlooks the site.

^ Inca Trail 2 days to Machu picchu .
  • Peru Travel Expeditions Tour Operator- Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, Cusco Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC perutravelexpeditions.com [Source type: General]

^ This must be it - Machu Picchu, one of the most mysterious places on earth.
  • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

.Current researchers tend to believe that Machu Picchu was a country resort for elite Incans.^ Incan city of Machu Picchu .
  • Machu Picchu, Peru travel blogs - travel stories and photos about Machu Picchu, Peru - TravelPod 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.travelpod.com [Source type: General]

^ Current Machu Picchu weather .
  • Sumaq Machu Picchu Hotel - Spa Machu Picchu No such region Reviews 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.sidestep.com [Source type: General]
  • Sumaq Machu Picchu Hotel - Spa (Machu Picchu Peru) 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.sidestep.com [Source type: General]

^ In wat country is machu picchu?
  • WikiAnswers - In what country is Machu Picchu in 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.At any given time, there were not more than 750 people living at Machu Picchu, with far fewer than that during the rainy season.^ Machu Picchu is magnificent, more beautiful than pictures can show.
  • Rye Reflections: Machu Picchu a ceremonial site, not a city, experts believe 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.ryereflections.org [Source type: General]

^ Machu Picchu is a living initiation center.

^ Machu Picchu will be there forever.
  • Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.ptolomy.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Incas started building it around AD 1430 but it was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.^ The citadel was built around 1450 but it was abandoned at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire (early 16th century).

^ It was built around the year 1460, but abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later, at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire .
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was built around the year 1450, but abandoned a hundred years later, at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire .

.One thing that is clear is that it was a remarkably well hidden place, and well protected.^ One thing that is clear is that it was a remarkably well hidden place, and well protected.
  • Intriguing Beauty of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bloggersbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Everything I've written in the last five years, you'll notice, is really designed to accomplish one thing: To protect life.
  • The 7 Principles of Mindful Wealth page 5 - Money Transformations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.naturalnews.com [Source type: General]

^ The story of Machu Picchu is quite a remarkable one; it is still unknown exactly what the site was in terms of its place in Inca life.
  • Intriguing Beauty of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bloggersbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Located far up in the mountains of Peru, visitors had to travel up long valleys littered with Inca check points and watch towers.^ The site is located on a mountain ridge above the valley of Urubamba in Peru.
  • Machu Picchu Pictures, Photos, History & Facts - Peru Wonder 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC famouswonders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located far up in the mountains of Peru, visitors had to travel up long valleys littered with Inca check points and watch towers.
  • Intriguing Beauty of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bloggersbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 50 miles northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows.
  • Travel Machu Picchu Inca Trail Tours Hotels Vacations Peru Travel 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.1888machupicchu.com [Source type: News]

.Remarkably, the Spanish conquistadors missed the site, and Bingham only located the site by chance.^ Remarkably, the Spanish conquistadors missed the site, and Bingham only located the site by chance.
  • Intriguing Beauty of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bloggersbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu was a city of the Inca Empire, near impenetrable and originally accessible only by the Inca trail, and never discovered or destroyed by the Spanish Conquistadores.

^ Machu Picchu Although the citadel is located only about 80 kilometers (50 miles) from Cusco the Inca capital, it was never found by the Spanish and consequently not plundered and destroyed, as was the case with many other Inca sites.

.On a wet day in 1911, he traveled up the slopes with a few companions from his expedition.^ On a wet day in 1911, he traveled up the slopes with a few companions from his expedition.
  • Intriguing Beauty of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bloggersbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until the end of 2000, travelers could just show up and hike the 4-day trail on their own or sign up with an escorted group.
  • Saving Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.transitionsabroad.com [Source type: News]
  • Visitors to Machu Picchu | Ahorre | Picchu, Visitors, Visited, Tourists, Porters 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.ahorre.com [Source type: News]

^ It's worth staying for a few days and visiting the museums, churches and other small ruins in the vicinity, as well as hang out in the bars and meet other travellers.
  • Pilot Guides.com: Inca Sanctuary: The Ruins of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pilotguides.com [Source type: General]

.On meeting local peasants, they told him about ancient ruins that covered the area.^ On meeting local peasants, they told him about ancient ruins that covered the area.
  • Intriguing Beauty of Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bloggersbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They told him that they had been living there for about four years and explained that they had found an extensive system of terraces on whose fertile soil they had decided to grow their crops.
  • Hiram Bingham's Story Machu Picchu Lost City of the Incas, Peru, Labyrinthina! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.labyrinthina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Machu Picchu History, tourist info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.machu-picchu.info [Source type: News]
  • Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.infoperu.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu Picchu History - Inca Trail 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.incatrail.net [Source type: News]

^ That local landlord told Bingham that on the hill in front of his property there were ancient constructions covered by vegetation where cattle were frequently lost; and moreover, he introduced Bingham to Eduardo Lizarraga, a farmland renter living in the area since the 70s of the 19th century, who had seen the buildings.

.To Bingham's amazement, he had found the lost Inca city of Machu Picchu.^ Lost city of the Incas.
  • Machu Picchu: A Brief Bibliography: Science Reference Guides (Science Reference Services, Library of Congress) 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ D gallery of World places Peru: Machu Picchu, the lost Inca city .
  • 3D gallery of World places - Peru Machu Picchu 3D 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.3djournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu ruin 'found earlier' .
  • Newsvine - machu-picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: News]
  • BBC NEWS | Americas | Machu Picchu ruin 'found earlier' 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Since it was not plundered by the Spanish when they conquered the Incas, it is especially important as a cultural site and is considered a sacred place.^ D gallery of World places Peru: Machu Picchu, the lost Inca city .
  • 3D gallery of World places - Peru Machu Picchu 3D 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.3djournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Machu Picchu is one of the most important historical monuments in the world.

^ Since it was not plundered by the Spanish when they conquered the Incas, it is especially important as a cultural site and it is considered a sacred place.
  • Machu Picchu - Session Magazine 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.sessionmagazine.com [Source type: News]
  • Machu picchu encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls.^ Destinations in Inca trail to Machu Picchu .
  • Inca trail to Machu Picchu travel guide 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.world66.com [Source type: General]

^ Why and how was Machu Picchu built?
  • Machu Picchu, Peru travel info - Inca Trail hike to Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.activesouthamerica.com [Source type: General]

^ Machu Picchu - that classic postcard photo.
  • Megan Lyles :: Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.meganlyles.com [Source type: Original source]

.Its primary buildings are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.^ The most important buildings are: the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.

^ Located in the first zone are the primary archaeological treasures: the Intiwatana, the Temple de the Sun and the Room de the Three Windows.

^ Temple of the Sun at Machu Picchu Located in the first zone are the primary archaeological treasures: the Intihuatana , the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows .
  • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.^ Industrial district, Machu Picchu, Peru.
  • Marvels of Machu Picchu: Photos by Beto Santillan 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.inkas.com [Source type: General]

^ Our hotel is located in the Machupicchu district (in Machu Picchu Pueblo).
  • Machu Picchu Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.hostelz.com [Source type: General]

^ Where is machue picchu located?
  • WikiAnswers - In what country is Machu Picchu in 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.In September 2007, Peru and Yale University reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Hiram Bingham had removed from Machu Picchu in the early twentieth century.^ Peru n 040 - MACHU PICCHU - CLSSICA !
  • Machu Picchu Photos From TrekEarth - Photos of Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.trekearth.com [Source type: General]

^ When Hiram Bingham discovered Machu Picchu, in 1911 it was not easily accessible.

^ Originally discover by Hiram Bingham as the same time as it was Machu Picchu.

Get in

.Visitors to Machu Picchu typically leave from Cuzco, either on a day trip, or overnighting in Aguas Calientes, which allows you to visit the park early or late in the day and avoid the worst of the crowds, and on sunny days, gives you a nice window of reprieve from the beating sun.^ Party of visitors at Machu Picchu, 1929.
  • BBC - Norfolk Culture - Machu Picchu; a photographic exhibition 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Visiting Machu Picchu is a unique experience.

^ Visit Machu Picchu on the following Peru trip: .
  • Machu Picchu, Peru travel info - Inca Trail hike to Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.activesouthamerica.com [Source type: General]

Don't forget sunblock.
.There are 3 ways to reach the ruins themselves: arrive on foot via the multiple day Inca Trail trek, or walking or taking a bus from Aguas Calientes.^ Inca Trail 2 days .

^ Most visitors take the train to the village of Aguas Calientes and visit the ruins from there.
  • The Inca Trail, the trail of trails 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.planeta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bus ticket from Machu Picchu ruins to the village of Aguas Calientes .

.If arriving from Aguas Calientes, prepare to spend a lot of time waiting in lines throughout the day....^ We arrived at Aguas Calientes just after 10am.

^ Lunch in Aguas Calientes on day 2 Tips and extra spends .
  • alternative treks, salkantay machu picchu treks, hike salcantay , hiking salcantay machu picchu,andean treks, salkantay, salkantay trek, salkantay peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.inkatreks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Day 13 - Aguas Calientes to Cusco .
  • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

you'll be in line for the bus, which drops you off at the end of the often long line at the entrance. .You'll queue up again if interested in scaling up Wayna Picchu or the Temple of the Moon, and then just when you thought it was all over, you'll be in line for a bus back down to town which, even in low season, can be as much as a couple of hours wait.^ You’ll be asleep early that evening!
  • Inca trail to Machu Picchu travel guide 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.world66.com [Source type: General]

^ The trip up to Machu Picchu is by bus.
  • Peru (Amazon Jungle, Machu Picchu, Cuzco) 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ Bus up/down to Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu Tour By Train :: Photo Gallery of Machu Picchu. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mysteryperu.com [Source type: General]

.This is when you may want to reassess how much energy you have left, and maybe start walking back down.^ Unless you want to be within walking...
  • Inkaterra Machu Picchu (Machu Picchu, Peru) - Hotel Reviews - TripAdvisor 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]
  • Inkaterra Machu Picchu Hotel Reviews and Photos, Machu Picchu, Peru - TripAdvisor 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tripadvisor.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How much time do you have?
  • Machu Picchu's history in a minute - The Denver Post 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.denverpost.com [Source type: General]

^ However, you may want to do this first as they only allow the first 400 people to make the hike.

By bus

.From Aguas Calientes frequent buses leave to the ruins (US$7 each way) starting at 5:30am.^ Arrival is in Aguas Calientes, where you catch the buses up to the ruins.
  • Train To Machu Picchu | Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail Features | Fodor's Travel Guides 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.fodors.com [Source type: General]

^ Buy them before leaving Aguas Calientes.
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ We have another early buffet breakfast because the train for Machu Picchu leaves very early on its three-hour trek down to the town of Aguas Calientes at the base of the mountain where the ruins are.
  • Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC balinsky.com [Source type: General]

.There's often a queue, so if you're intent on being on the first bus up, you should arrive 30-60 minutes early.^ So, you wake up the next morning at 5:30am and get on the first bus.
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ You're there.
  • Machu Picchu Travel Guide | Away.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC vacation.away.com [Source type: General]

^ Once you’re there, you feel it.

.The journey takes around 1/2 hour to slowly wind around the switchbacks and up to the park.^ But it will take you around 18 hours(!

^ Many tourists take morning train from Cusco (3.5 hours journey) explore the ruins for a few hours and return to Cusco in the afternoon.

^ The climb up the mountain would take about one hour and a half and we should be there in plenty of time to see the sun rise over Machu Picchu.
  • Machu Picchu, Cusco, Peru - Journals | Blogs | WebSites - MyTripJournal 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mytripjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By foot

.Hiking the Inca Trail is a great way to arrive as you first see the city through the Sun Gate (instead of arriving from below as you do from Aguas Calientes).^ Active Hiking & Touring - Inca Trail hike .

^ I know we will arrive by train in Agua Calientes.
  • Machu Picchu, Peru Travel Forum - VirtualTourist.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC forum.virtualtourist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This door leads to the Gate of the Sun and the Inca trail.
  • Peru: Machu Picchu, Cusco, Sacred Valley. Ollantaytambo, Pisac, Sacsayhuaman 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.sherirosenthal.com [Source type: General]

.Both the four-day and two-day hikes are controlled by the government.^ Another option is to hike the Inca Trail, on either a four-day or two-day version, both of which are controlled by the government.
  • Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.virtualperu.net [Source type: General]
  • Machu Picchu - Ecotourism with JOURNEYS International 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.journeys.travel [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another option is to hike the Inca Trail, on either a four-day or two-day version, both de which are controlled by the government.

^ Although the trail is only 33km, it took four days to accomplish.The hike didn´t start off well; I...
  • Machu Picchu Holiday & Tourism Guide - Real Travel 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC realtravel.com [Source type: News]

.Travelers should be fit enough to walk for days and sleep in tents.^ It is not a difficult walk, although there are a couple of high passes, and a steep climb on the second day, so a basic level of fitness is required.
  • Machu Picchu, Peru travel info - Inca Trail hike to Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.activesouthamerica.com [Source type: General]

^ Travelers to Peru with more time should consider adding another day in the Urubamba Valley explore farther into the countryside.

^ If you are a solo traveler, you have the option to hire 'half a porter', that is to carry up to 10kg / 22lb, enough for your clothes, sleeping bag and pad.

.From Aguas Calientes it is also possible to walk along a similar 8 km route that the buses run, which will take about 1-2 hours up, and around an hour back down.^ Also possible to upgrade the hotel in Aguas Calientes.

^ Arrival is in Aguas Calientes, where you catch the buses up to the ruins.
  • Train To Machu Picchu | Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail Features | Fodor's Travel Guides 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.fodors.com [Source type: General]

^ A bus then takes you down to Ollantaytambo where you will take a train to Aguas Calientes.
  • Inca Trail to Machu Picchu - Trekking information, photos, maps and regulations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.andeantravelweb.com [Source type: General]

This route is mainly stairs, connecting the switchbacks that the buses take. .It is a strenuous and long hike but is very rewarding, recommended to start around 4 a.m.^ After a (very) early start we stood around in the freezing cold and watched the rising sun illuminate the clouds of vapour, then we went for a swim in the nearby pool.
  • Journeys:South American Album 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.caboose.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ It isn't a very long hike, just a steep one.
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ What started as a solid day hike turned into a very plesant overnight trip.
  • Machu Picchu Peru : Off Yonder Adventure Travel 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.channels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

to make it to the top before sunrise. The decent is fairly easy, just take care when the steps are wet. Keep alert for the bus drivers that rarely brake for pedestrians.

Fees/Permits

.Visiting Machu Picchu isn't cheap.^ Visiting Machu Picchu is a unique experience.

^ Cheap flights to Machu Picchu .

^ I'm visiting Machu Picchu next month.
  • Machu Picchu - CarolinaBlue50 - Open Salon 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC open.salon.com [Source type: General]

The entrance fee is currently S/124.00 and rising steadily; students with an ISIC card pay S/61. With the train ticket to Aguas Calientes at US$98 return and a night's accommodation it easily adds up to over US$200.
.Be sure to bring your passport, as it may be requested upon entry and, more importantly, there's a popular stamp booth as you exit where you can prove to your friends you've been there.^ However, if you have your passport you can get a very pretty stamp in there.
  • Machu Picchu Reviews and Photos, Cusco - IgoUgo 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Whether your interest is archaeology, wildlife or culture, in a short extension tour you can experience more of the rich living heritage of this vibrant country.

^ They are a little more expensive than other tours, but it is well worth it knowing that your porters are being paid well, and they really take care of you.

.Only small packs are allowed in the park, but there is a luggage storage at the entrance mostly used by Inca Trailers.^ Not only does it boast its own ruins, nearly equal in splendor to Machu Picchu, the old Inca town is still in full use.
  • Machu Picchu, Cusco, Peru - Journals | Blogs | WebSites - MyTripJournal 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mytripjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are peaceful, intelligent and typically used during the Inca period and since as pack animals.

^ It has 200 buildings, mostly residences, but there are temples, storage structures and other public buildings, all with polygonal masonry characteristic of the late Inca period.

Get around

.There are no vehicles of any kind in the park, bring some comfortable walking shoes, especially if you plan to do any of the hikes such as Wayna Picchu.^ You can't get to Macchu Picchu without hiking it.
  • The 7 Principles of Mindful Wealth page 5 - Money Transformations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.naturalnews.com [Source type: General]

^ (I’m also in awe of you hiking Machu Picchu!
  • Send a Porter to Machu Picchu with the Karikuy-Haugen Fund | Kaleidoscopic Wandering 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC kaleidoscopicwandering.com [Source type: General]

^ No matter what shape you are in, if you are able to walk, you can do the hike.
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

.Metal tipped walking sticks are not allowed, but the rubber tipped ones for sale along the Inka Trail are.^ To travel from Cusco to Sanctuary by foot along the old Inca trail, allow four or five days.
  • Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge Machu Picchu | Luxury Boutique Hotels | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One thing is key, though: the number of groups allowed on the trail has been reduced in recent years, making advanced booking all but required.

^ Morning walk along the "Bushmaster Trail", where scientific studies by the Missouri Botanical Gardens have found the world's highest biodiversity of trees per square hectare.

The main ruins are fairly compact and easily walkable.

See

.Take your time walking around the site, there are many places to see and explore.^ There are many things too see and to be discovered.
  • Peru - Machu Picchu - 222 Megapixel | Andre Gunther Photography 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.aguntherphotography.com [Source type: General]

^ Take the time to walk around the site; there are many places to see and explore.
  • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]

^ After this there will be time to take photos and explore the site independently.

.Although it is not necessary, taking a guided tour does provide a deeper insight into the ancient city, its uses, and information on the geography of it.^ Although it is not necessary, taking a guided tour does provide a deeper insight into the ancient city, its uses, and information on the geography of it.
  • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ The next day we raft its Class II-III rapids and continue with a hike to the Fortress of Ollantaytambo for a guided tour through its ancient stone streets.
  • Inca Trail Hiking Tours and Treks | Peru Multisport | The World Outdoors 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.theworldoutdoors.com [Source type: General]

^ Bingham was actually searching for the lost city of Vilcabamba, the last stronghold of the Incas, but that turned out to be Espiritu Pampa, much deeper into the jungle.

.Keep in mind that relatively little is known about the history and uses of the ruins, and some of the stories told by the guides is based on little more than imaginative hearsay.^ Some of them have more than 100 steps.

^ More about Ruins in Peru .
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

^ Built over the almost unaccesables pinacles of the mountains and surrounded by a prolific jungle, here the mistery is more thick than the rocks, preserving his original purposes in the dark, and let me tell you that all the histories that you will listen about it are just this: imagination.
  • Machu Picchu- Cusco, Peru - VirtualTourist.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.
  • Sun Gate (Inti Punku) – if you've just arrived via the Inka Trail, this will be your first experience of the ruins.^ Wiñay Wayna (where you will enjoy a picnic lunch) and to the Inti Punku (“Gate of the Sun”).
    • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ We continue on to Inti Punku (translated as "the Gate of the Sun").
    • Machu Picchu & the Sacred Valley: Peru -- Programs -- Global Explorers 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.globalexplorers.org [Source type: General]

    ^ While trekking the Inca Trail, you will enjoy first-class personal service from our professional, bilingual, licensed and certified guides.
    • The unique Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. FREE Private Airport pick up in Cusco, Peru. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.incatrailreservations.com [Source type: General]

    .Others can backtrack from the ruins along the trail and up the hill.^ The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu This link has photographs and notes on the ruins seen along the trail.
    • Machu Pitchu Resource and References Page 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tylwythteg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is possible to walk along the Inca Trail, one of the most famous trekking routes in Peru, starting from km 88 of the railway up to the citadel.
    • Peru Luxury travel,peru luxury tours,Machu Picchu,Nasca lines Lake Titicaca - Cuzco Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC inca-tours.facipub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mountain Experience has annual use permit on the trail, which insures our trips will be able to take advantage of the spectacular sights and ruins seen along the trail .

    .From here you can see back down each valley offering excellent views.^ Walk back up the Inca trail away from the site and up the hill to the Sun Gate (or ); from here you can see back down each valley offering a excellent views.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]

    ^ From here you will already have a fantastic view.
    • Machu Picchu - Peru - Inca City in the Sky | Open Travel Info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.opentravelinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Walk back up the Inca trail away from the site and up the hill to the Sun Gate (or Inti Punku ); from here you can see back down each valley offering a excellent views.
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    .It's a fairly strenuous hike (probably 1-1.5 hours each way) but well worth it.^ Well, our guide gave us bits and pieces of insight throughout our hike and an hours-long tour of the citadel.
    • Machu Picchu's history in a minute - The Denver Post 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.denverpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ After lunch, take an optional one and a half hour hike to the small but well preserved ruins of Pumamarca.
    • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Well hike for about 3 hours (8 km) and arrive at Winaywayna ruins, the most spectacular of the Inca Trail.

    .If you catch the first bus from Aguas Calientes and head straight here you may be able to reach it in time for sun to peak over the mountain and through the gate.
  • Temple of the Sun – Near the summit of the main city, the stonework on the temple is incredible.^ A bus then takes you down to Ollantaytambo where you will take a train to Aguas Calientes.
    • Inca Trail to Machu Picchu - Trekking information, photos, maps and regulations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.andeantravelweb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Here you will find the main bath.
    • Machu Picchu - Peru - Inca City in the Sky | Open Travel Info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.opentravelinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You can reach Cusco by Bus too.

    .Look closely and you will see that there are a variety of stone walls throughout the city.^ Look closely and you will see that there are a variety of stone walls throughout the city.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ I recommend to hike the Inca trail, you'll get there before the crowd of tourists, early in the morning and the whole city is yours...
    • Machu Picchu | Travel | Smithsonian Magazine 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ From there you will see the most beautiful view of the whole Citadel of Machu Picchu and you may experience being close to the Gods that took the Incas through their History.
    • Machu Picchu Peru Travel to Machu Picchu, Inca Trail Machu Pichu Cuzco 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.machupicchuperu.biz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Most are rough stones held together with mud, the common stone walls found throughout the world.^ Echo stones can be found throughout the complex.
    • Mysterious Machu Picchu - WSJ.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Most are rough stones held together with mud, the common stone walls found throughout the world.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Machu Picchu is one of the most important architectural works of the Incas, famous throughout the world is located on the top of a mountain is surrounded by some of the most breathtaking landscapes.

    .But many buildings or parts of buildings are done with the more distinctive and impressive closely-fit stonework.^ But many buildings or parts of buildings are done with the more distinctive and impressive closely-fit stonework.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Many of the building blocks weigh 50 tons or more yet are so precisely sculpted and fitted together with such exactitude that the mortarless joints will not permit the insertion of even a thin knife blade.

    ^ More impressive, the pieces also fit snugly against irregular natural rock formations.
    • Mysterious Machu Picchu - WSJ.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

    .The temple is the absolute pinnacle of this technology.^ The temple is the absolute pinnacle of this technology.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    .Observe it from the side, descending the stone staircase in the main plaza.
  • Intihuatana
  • Temple of the Three Windows
  • Main Temple
  • Temple of the Condor – The tour guides will try to tell you that this was a temple, but look closely: between the wings of the condor is a chamber with grooves cut in the stone to secure manacles, a walkway behind where a torturer may walk to whip the prisoner's backs, and a scary looking pit to let the blood of prisoners drain.^ You will then have a three hour guided tour of Machu Picchu with your guide.
    • lares trek & machu picchu 4d/3n -apus peru adventure trekking specialists 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.apus-peru.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It is located between the baths, the Temple of the Sun and close to the Sacred Plaza.
    • Machu Picchu - Peru - Inca City in the Sky | Open Travel Info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.opentravelinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The nearby Temple of the Three Windows was also unfinished.

    Clearly the condor was a symbol of cruel justice, but a santized version is told for the benefit of middle-aged tourists and their children.

Do

.If you got some energy in you, there's a few great hikes involving a bit of legwork.^ The following sights involve some legwork: .
  • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ The rich history of the city, its beautiful beaches, great museums, and delicious cuisine are just some of the delights you can find in the "City of the Kings".
  • Galapagos Islands .com - Peru Tours - Machu Picchu Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.galapagosislands.com [Source type: General]

^ I recommend to hike the Inca trail, you'll get there before the crowd of tourists, early in the morning and the whole city is yours...
  • Machu Picchu | Travel | Smithsonian Magazine 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

.Do make sure that you've taken the time to acclimatize to the elevation either in Cuzco or Aguas Calientes for a couple days before exterting yourself to much, especially on Wayna Picchu.^ Buy them before leaving Aguas Calientes.
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ Day 12 - Aguas Calientes to Machu Picchu .
  • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

^ At night you will sleep at Aguas Calientes..
  • Machu Picchu, Inca's Lost City -The Ancient World 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.machupicchu-inca.com [Source type: General]

  • Wayna Picchu. .Towering above the north end Machu Picchu is this steep mountain, often the backdrop to many photos of the ruins.^ Machu Picchu ruin 'found earlier' .
    • Newsvine - machu-picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: News]

    ^ MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 .
    • MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Machu Picchu Ruins accommodation booking .
    • Machu Picchu Ruins Accommodation Machu Picchu Travel Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC coastbeaches.com [Source type: News]

    .It looks a bit daunting from below, but while steep, it's not an unusually difficult ascent, and most reasonably fit persons shouldn't have a problem.^ On the lower ridge above groups A and B there is an unusual, solitary, two-story structure perched on the edge of a steep drop above the river some 1200 metres below.
    • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They looked to be in good shape and probably most people in reasonably good shape could do it.
    • Megan Lyles :: Machu Picchu, Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.meganlyles.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The trek is rated moderate and any reasonably fit person should be able to cover the route.
    • Inca Trail to Machu Picchu - Trekking information, photos, maps and regulations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.andeantravelweb.com [Source type: General]

    .Stone steps are laid along most of the path, and in the steeper sections steel cables provide a supporting handrail.^ Once making our way along the cliff path entrance we tried to trace Francisco's original entry route by climbing a small flight of stone steps.
    • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Once we entered the gates we followed a sandy path along the edge of a cliff and eventually climbed a stone passage that continued to curve around the size of the precipice.
    • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This book, along with the pictures of Machu Picchu will explain the functions of each of the most important layouts in the "Hurin" or lower section of the complex.

    .That said, expect to be out of breath, and take care in the steeper portions, especially when wet, as it can become dangerous quickly.^ But I also think that the country of origin should have the means to take care of said items.
    • Who Discovered Machu Picchu? | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .There's a tiny cave near the top that must be passed through, and is quite low and tight of a squeeze.^ (There is still a small holding on the top of the ridge today, near Sector V).
    • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And to get to Machu Picchu you must pass through the Inca capital, and Spanish colonial city of Cusco.
    • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Nearing the top of the steps not far from Watchman's Hut Handsome llama there.
    • MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

    .Take care at the peak, it can be somewhat precarious, and those afraid of heights may want to hang out just below.^ Also, the steep stairs and cliffs you must walk along at the summit can be terrifying for those who are afraid of heights.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Below I saw the walls and foundations of a long-abandoned community laid out with precision and care.
    • At one with the Incas: Machu Picchu - chicagotribune.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.chicagotribune.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Apply Now Don't just take our word for it, hear what previous volunteers have to say out the program.


    .
    The entire walk is through beautiful landscape, and the views from the top are stunning, including birds eye views over the whole site.
    ^ From there you will see the most beautiful view of the whole Citadel of Machu Picchu and you may experience being close to the Gods that took the Incas through their History.
    • Machu Picchu Peru Travel to Machu Picchu, Inca Trail Machu Pichu Cuzco 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.machupicchuperu.biz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We will walk up the steep Inca lanes until we reach the fortress that affords fantastic views of the Urubamba River and of the entire valley.
    • Peru - Macchu Picchu and Lake Titicaca - PERU 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.giltravel.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The mountains overlooking the site , Huayna Picchu (on which there are some ruins) , has steps to the top for a superlative view of the ruins.
    • Machupicchu Machu-Picchu , the fabled lost city , Cuzco Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.orquidea.net [Source type: General]

    .There's also a few ruins near the top.^ Nearing the top of the steps not far from Watchman's Hut Handsome llama there.
    • MACHU PICCHU photos - May 1997 Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

    ^ (There is still a small holding on the top of the ridge today, near Sector V).
    • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If visiting these ruins, you'll see a second way to start making your descent down the mountain, along some very steep and shallow steps....^ On the second day I walked down from the mountain.
    • Peru (Amazon Jungle, Machu Picchu, Cuzco) 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I could see some ruins way up there.

    ^ PM Going down is very steep.
    • Travel: Day 4 Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.hat.net [Source type: General]

    these are probably best avoided, go back the way you came.
    .
    Access to Wayna Picchu is limited to 400 visitors per day.
    ^ Entry is limited to 400 people per day.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Peru Staff Machu Picchu is not a heavily visited tourist site with only 400,000 visitors per year, but it is just as awe-inspiring the Grand Canyon.

    ^ Visitors are limited to 2,500 a day, weather permitting.
    • Machu Picchu Reviews and Photos, Cusco - IgoUgo 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    .You must sign in at the entrance gate, and take note of your number, as you're required to sign out upon your return.^ You will be required to sign in; remember your number (or the time you signed in) so that you can find yourself in the book to sign out again.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Upon your return, you will enjoy a tour of Cajamarca.

    ^ To submit your question " " Or if you are already a member, you can sign in Username Email Password Retype Incorrect please try again Enter the words Enter the numbers you hear I read and understood HubPages' terms of use .
    • Machu Picchu Peru 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

    .The first 200 numbers are released at 7:00am, and are often gone in less than an hour on busier days.^ Plan flights to depart Lima no earlier than 11:00am on Day 6.

    ^ PeruRail operates the main scenic routes, including Cusco to Machu Picchu which takes less than four hours.
    • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Since the number of trek permits is limited to 500 per day (about 200 tourists and 300 trekking staff) it is important to book well in advance.
    • Inca Trail to Machu Picchu - Trekking information, photos, maps and regulations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.andeantravelweb.com [Source type: General]

    The second 200 are available at 10:00am. .All visitors must arrive back at the checkpoint before 4:00pm.^ Hikers must sign in at a checkpoint before starting; get there early because only 400 can go up each day.
    • Machu Picchu's history in a minute - The Denver Post 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.denverpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We hadn't expected the hotel to even notice we didn't come back the night before, much less for her to worry about whether we were all right.

    ^ Visitors must arrive by train at the base of the mountain ($46-plus, one way from Cusco) or do the 4-day Inca Trail hike through the mountains ($300-plus).

    .Get here early if you're intent on climbing it, and note that large tour groups are able to reserve numbers and jump the queue, so don't be miffed when you're in line and a guide saunters past with 20 people in tow.  edit
  • If you have some time at hand, or long for a sparkle of solitude, you can also walk to the Moon Temple (Templo de la Luna) and the Great Cave (Gran Caverne).^ Note: If you're arriving early we can arrange a meet and greet for you.
    • Volunteer Abroad - Meaningful Tour: The Inca and Machu Picchu Experience 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.i-to-i.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you have some time at hand or really longing for a sparkle of soltitude you can also walk to the Moon Temple and the Great Cave .
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]

    ^ You will have a delightful time with them and will get some great photographs.

    .It's a long walk and adventurous hike involving several ladders.^ The first three days involve a fairly long hike through mountain scenery ending at the village of Santa Teresa.
    • Inca Trail to Machu Picchu - Trekking information, photos, maps and regulations 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.andeantravelweb.com [Source type: General]

    .Some may find that the sites aren't really rewarding, but unexpected wildlife can be seen (wild spectacled bears have been reported).^ It's a long walk and the sites aren't really rewarding, but unexpected wildlife can be seen (wild spectacled bears have been reported).
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The site may have been discovered and plundered in 1867 by a German businessman, Augusto Berns.; There is some evidence that a German engineer, J. M. von Hassel, arrived earlier.
    • Machu Picchu - Archiplanet 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.archiplanet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A primary objective was to study what may be called Hiram Bingham's Llactapata group, which it appeared had not properly been relocated since his initial reporting of the site in 1912.
    • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This hike is also quite interesting because partway through you leave behind the mountain terrain and enter a more conventional forest.^ This hike is also quite interesting because partway through you leave behind the mountain terrain and enter a more conventional forest.
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]

    ^ You will start the trek escorted by the porters, going through semi‐arid terrain along the Urubamba River with magnificent views of snow‐capped mountains, until you arrive to Llactapata.

    ^ But it is illegal in most of the neighboring countries, so don't carry the cocoa bag with you while leaving Peru and entering another country.

    .The caves can be reached either by hiking down the trail from the peak of Waynapicchu (which includes some semi-harrowing but fun near-vertical descents) or by the split from the main Waynapicchu trail (look for the sign that says Gran Carvern).^ The caves can be reached either by hiking down the trail from the peak of Wachupichu (which includes some semi-harrowing but fun near-vertical descents) or by the split from the main Wachupichu trail (look for the sign that says Gran Carvern).
    • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Another option is to hike the Inca Trail, on either a four-day or two-day version, both of which are controlled by the government.

    ^ Machu Picchu, Peru Hiking & Trekking Hike the Inca trail and tour Machu Picchu and other Incas sites in a trip that includes hiking, camping, rafting, home-stays, and more adventure and fun than any other tour.
    • Machu Picchu, Peru Vacations, Rentals, Adventure Travel, Tours & Getaways 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC realadventures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Remember that it is much easier to descend from Waynapicchu than to ascend from these temples. .Be sure to bring plenty of water and snacks for this long hike.^ Be sure to bring plenty of water for this long hike.
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Frequent rain brings water so the city would have been able to sustain a siege for a long time.
    • Machu Picchu - Peru - Inca City in the Sky | Open Travel Info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.opentravelinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if you're planning to stay the whole day, bring some snacks or sandwiches and plenty of water (just be sure not to litter).
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    The hike from the summit to the caves and back to the checkpoint takes about two more hours.

Eat

.Officially, you are not allowed to bring any food or water bottles into the park, and must check these in at the luggage storage at the entrance.^ EAT It's officially not allowed to bring food into the archeological site.
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ For $10, you will travel in a zig-zag manner up steep switchbacks to the park entrance, where another $20 will leave your hands and allow you entry into the beautiful National Park – one of the World’s finest (if not the finest).
  • Machu Picchu Reviews and Photos, Cusco - IgoUgo 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ You must register as an owner for access to these listing tools and benefits.
  • Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail Travel Guide - Plan your Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail vacation. Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail flights, tours & hotel reviews 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.vivatravelguides.com [Source type: General]

.In practice, however, bags are rarely searched, and most people have no problem getting a small bottle of water and some snacks in with them, which you'll definitely want, especially if you're doing planning to stray from the central set of ruins.^ To avoid problems, we recommend you to always drink bottled water.
  • Peru Tours - Tour to Cusco - Machu Picchu - Cusco - 3/2 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.enjoyperu.com [Source type: General]

^ But it is illegal in most of the neighboring countries, so don't carry the cocoa bag with you while leaving Peru and entering another country.

^ If you're looking to get off the beaten path but don't want to miss out on stellar scenery, then the Lares Valley Trek is an excellent option.
  • Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail Travel Guide - Plan your Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail vacation. Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail flights, tours & hotel reviews 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.vivatravelguides.com [Source type: General]

.Buy these beforehand, as they're much more expensive at the site itself.^ Some of these need more time to get into al ideas (they are so many) but it's always worth taking this time.

^ The re-discovery of the sector Bingham originally described as Llactapata, Sector 1 of a much more extended site, leads to an interpretation of this sector as having an astronomical function.
  • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the latter is incredibly expensive and luxurious, the Vista Dome is not really worth the money in my opinion, since you won't see that much more.
  • Machu Picchu - Peru - Inca City in the Sky | Open Travel Info 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.opentravelinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Don't even think of leaving a shred of trash behind you.^ But it is illegal in most of the neighboring countries, so don't carry the cocoa bag with you while leaving Peru and entering another country.

^ This hike is also quite interesting because partway through you leave behind the mountain terrain and enter a more conventional forest.
  • Discover the Machu Picchu: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: General]
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ It continually amazes me that some travelers don’t even crack a guidebook before they leave.

.The concession stand near the entrance of the site is pitiful in its offerings and gets very busy at lunchtime.^ The concession stand near the entrance of the site is pitiful in its offerings and gets very busy at lunchtime.
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

^ Its a steep but short walk offering very impressive views over the site.
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

.Once in the site, it's not possible to buy food or drinks.^ Once in the site, it's not possible to buy food or drinks.
  • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

.
  • Tinkuy Buffet Restaurant, Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge, +51 84 21 1039/38, [2].^ The Sanctuary Lodge is the only hotel located at the gates to Machu Picchu.

    ^ Tinkuy Buffet Restaurant , Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge, +51 84 21 1039/38, [2] .
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Tampu Restaurant Bar (Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge guests only).
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    11:30AM-3:00PM. .A casual and very expensive lunch buffet.^ Expensive: About $28 for buffet lunch, approximately four times that of area restaurants.
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Casual lunch buffet with nice picture windows.
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    .The food is decent, and it's very popular at lunch time. US$33, S/.96.00.
    ^ US$350.00 per person at the time of booking.

    ^ DEPOSITS: US$250.00 at the time of booking.

    ^ DEPOSITS: US$300.00 at the time of booking.

     .'eat', 'Machu_Picchu');return false;" title="click to edit Tinkuy Buffet Restaurant">edit
  • Tampu Restaurant Bar, Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge.^ The Sanctuary Lodge is the only hotel located at the gates to Machu Picchu.

    ^ Tinkuy Buffet Restaurant , Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge, +51 84 21 1039/38, [2] .
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Tampu Restaurant Bar (Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge guests only).
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    .5:30AM-9:00AM, Noon-3:00PM, 6:30PM-9:30PM.^ Noon-3:00pm, 6:30pm-9:30pm.
    • http://www.perfectescapes.com/Luxury_Hotels-MAID156-DID314-Hotels_In_Peru-Macchu_Picchu_.html 22 September 2009 22:49 UTC www.perfectescapes.com [Source type: News]

    Open to hotel guests only, also high prices.  edit

Sleep

Due to the fact that this is a protected park, further construction in the area is nearly impossible. .Thus, there is currently only one very expensive hotel at the site itself.^ Hotels are not very expensive in Peru.
  • Machu Picchu, Inca's Lost City -The Ancient World 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.machupicchu-inca.com [Source type: General]

^ The food at the site is very expensive and mediocre.
  • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

^ Currently, there are concerns about the impact of tourism on the site as it reached 400,000 visitors in 2003.
  • Machu Picchu culture and attractions. Machu Picchu Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife. Machu Picchu travel and tours. 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.mundoandino.com [Source type: News]

.Almost everyone who wants to overnight near Machu Picchu books a hotel in nearby Aguas Calientes.^ After lunch, transfer by bus to Aguas Calientes at the base of Machu Picchu.
  • YET::Machu Picchu Explorer 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC alumni.yale.edu [Source type: General]

^ Machu Picchu hotels, sightseeing tours .
  • Machu Picchu Vacations | Machu Picchu hotels, sightseeing tours | Flexible trips to Machu Picchu 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.latindestinations.com [Source type: General]

^ Cheap Machu Picchu and Aguas Calientes Hotels If you are looking for Cheap Machu Picchu Hotels and also Hotels at Aguas Calientes, here are the ones..
  • Machu Picchu, Inca's Lost City -The Ancient World 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.machupicchu-inca.com [Source type: General]

.
  • Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge, +51 84 21 1039/38 (), [3].^ Exclusive for Tablet Plus members, every stay at Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge automatically includes the following select privileges and/or amenities: .
    • Luxury & Boutique Hotels in Machu Picchu | Tablet Hotels 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.tablethotels.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Machu Picchu, Peru Youth Hostels We guarantees a magical experience coupled with the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
    • Machu Picchu, Peru Vacations, Rentals, Adventure Travel, Tours & Getaways 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC realadventures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Machu Picchu Mountain Lodges Trek .
    • http://www.wildland.com/trips/details/249/peru_itin.aspx 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.wildland.com [Source type: General]
    • http://www.wildland.com/trips/details/1/peru_itin.aspx 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.wildland.com [Source type: General]

    .This superbly over-priced hotel is the only option for sleeping at the park.^ Transfer back to Puesto Tigre and to Hotel Sheraton, the only hotel located inside the park.

    .There are two equally expensive restaurants on site, and 2 suites that have partial views of the ruins.^ There are similarities between the two sites.
    • The Rediscovery of Llactapata and its observatory 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.thomson.clara.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If you enjoy markets you could take a night or two from Ollanta and spend them there, and do the market and ruins.
    • Slow Travel South America - Peru, Guide to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.slowtrav.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As you will see over the next two hours there is much we do not know about the ruins of Machu Picchu..."
    • High Plains Backpacker: Jewel of the Andes 9 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.edwebproject.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It's located just outside the ticket booth. US$800+ in high season, US$400+ in low season.
    ^ The Kallanca strategically located just outside Machu Picchu at the junction of two main roads may have served a similar purpose.

     edit
This is a usable article. It has information about the park, for getting in, about a few attractions, and about accommodations in the park. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Singular
Machu Picchu
Plural
-
Machu Picchu
  1. An ancient Inca site in Peru

Simple English

Machu Picchu is a Mountain in Peru in South America, by which lies an ancient Inca city whose name is unknown.

The Incas built the city on a mountain ridge, 2340m above sea level. They lived there between 1200 and 1450 AD. Other people lived there before around 650 AD.

The Incas built houses, fields and temples by cutting the rock on the mountain so it was flat. They built an observatory to look at the stars.

When the Spanish invaded Peru, the Incas left Machu Picchu. Nobody knows why they did that, but some think it was because they were scared of the Spanish. The city was left unfinished, most likely due to the civil war between the rival Inca brothers who ruled, named Huascar and Atahualpa and due to the Spanish invasion. The Spanish never found Machu Picchu or the lost city during their occupation.

Today, Machu Picchu is very difficult to get to because it is so high in the mountains. It has only one way in and a stone wall to protect it. The world at large did not know it was there until a Yale graduate named Hiram Bingham found it in 1911. He heard rumors of a hidden city which was already known to the native Peruvians, who guided him there. He led a restoration project partly funded by National Geographic. Bingham made a deal with the government to take artifacts to the Peabody Museum for study, Peruvians are still trying to have those artifacts returned to them.

Today, there is a new road so that tourists can visit. People can also walk along the Inca Trail, or take a train from Cusco.

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Machu Picchu, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message