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Maciej Rataj: Wikis

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Maciej Rataj


In office
15 May – 1 June 1926
Prime Minister Kazimierz Bartel
Preceded by Stanisław Wojciechowski
Succeeded by Ignacy Mościcki
In office
16 December – 22 December 1922
Preceded by Gabriel Narutowicz
Succeeded by Stanisław Wojciechowski

In office
23 November 1922 – 26 March 1928
President Józef Piłsudski
(Chief of State)
Gabriel Narutowicz
Himself (acting)
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Himself (acting)
Ignacy Mościcki
Prime Minister Julian Nowak, Władysław Sikorski, Wincenty Witos, Władysław Grabski, Aleksander Skrzyński, Wincenty Witos, Kazimierz Bartel, Józef Piłsudski
Preceded by Wojciech Trąmpczyński
Succeeded by Ignacy Daszyński

Born 19 February 1884
Chłopy, near Lviv, Austria-Hungary
Died 21 June 1940
Palmiry, Poland
Political party Polish People's Party

Maciej Rataj (19 February 1884 - 21 June 1940) was a Polish politician, president, socialist activist and writer. He was executed by Nazi Germany. Born in the Chłopy village near Lviv on 19 February 1884, he attended a gymnasium in Lviv and studied classical linguistics at the University of Lviv. Upon the completion of his studies he became a gymansium teacher first in Lviv, and later in Zamość.

He became involved in politics after the Second Polish Republic gained independence following the First World War. He was a member of the PSL Piast and PSL Wyzwolenie political parties, and from 1931 a member of the Stronnictwo Ludowe. He became president of the Stronnictwo and the chief editor of the party's official paper, the 'Zielony Sztandar' in 1935. From 1919 to 1930 and from 1934-1935 he was a Member of Parliament for the Sejm (Polish Parliament), and from 1922 to 1928 he was the Marshal of the Sejm. Between 1920-1921 he was the Minister of Religion and Public Education, and took part in work on the March Constitution.

He was President of Poland twice: first in December 1922 after the assassination of president Gabriel Narutowicz as Acting President of the Republic of Poland for one week, and again in May 1926, after Józef Piłsudski's May Coup and the resignation of president Stanisław Wojciechowski. His second term lasted half of a month.

During both times he oversaw special election and appointed new governments.

In December 1940 he was arrested by Nazi Germany and executed in Palmiry during the German AB-Aktion operation in Poland.

Political offices
Preceded by
Gabriel Narutowicz
Acting President of Poland
1922
Succeeded by
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Preceded by
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Acting President of Poland
1926
Succeeded by
Ignacy Mościcki
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Simple English

Maciej Rataj (born 19 February 1884 - died 21 June 1940) was a Polish politician of peasants movement, who served as Speaker of the Parliament (Sejm) and twice Acting President of Poland.

An independence and peasant activist before Poland regained an independence in 1918, Rataj became Member of Sejm in 1918. He was elected Speaker in the first regular term and held that post from 1922 to 1928. Previously, he was Minister for Religious Affairs in Wincenty Witos cabinet.

He served as Acting President twice: from 16 December to 22 December 1922 and from 15 May to June 4 1926. For the first time he served between assassination of Poland's first President Gabriel Narutowicz and election of his successor Stanisław Wojciechowski. For the second, between Wojciechowski resignation after a May coup and election of Ignacy Mościcki.

After outbreak of the World War II, Rataj remained in occupied Poland and was murdered, along other prominent citizens, by Nazis in Palmiry.


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