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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Macon
—  City  —
Downtown Macon skyline

Seal
Location in Bibb county in the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°50′5″N 83°39′6″W / 32.83472°N 83.65167°W / 32.83472; -83.65167Coordinates: 32°50′5″N 83°39′6″W / 32.83472°N 83.65167°W / 32.83472; -83.65167
Country United States
State Georgia
Counties Bibb, Jones
Government
 - Mayor Robert Reichert (D)
Area
 - City 56.3 sq mi (145.7 km2)
 - Land 55.8 sq mi (144.5 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (3.2 km2)
Elevation 381 ft (116 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 92,775
 - Density 1,742.8/sq mi (672.9/km2)
 - Metro 230,775
 - Demonym Maconites
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 31200-31299
Area code(s) 478
FIPS code 13-49000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0332301[2]
Website http://www.cityofmacon.net/

Macon (pronounced /ˈmeɪkən/) is a city located in central Georgia, USA. It is among the largest metropolitan areas in Georgia, and the county seat of Bibb County. A small portion of the city extends into Jones County. It lies near the geographic center of Georgia, approximately 85 miles (136 km) south of Atlanta, hence the city's nickname as the Heart of Georgia. As of 2008, Macon had an estimated population of 92,775;[3] the Macon metropolitan area had an estimated population of 230,777 and the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley Combined Statistical Area had an estimated population of 386,534.[4] In terms of population Macon is the sixth-largest city (just after Athens), fifth-largest Metropolitan Statistical Area, and fifth-largest Combined Statistical Area in Georgia. Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley, GA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) includes 7 Georgia counties.

Robins Air Force Base, a major employer, is south of the city in Warner Robins. The area is also home to several institutions of higher education, as well as numerous museums and tourism sites. The area is served by the Middle Georgia Regional Airport and the Herbert Smart Downtown Airport. The current mayor of Macon is Robert Reichert, a former Democratic member of the Georgia House of Representatives. Perhaps its most colorful mayor with national recognition was Ronnie Thompson, who served from 1967-1975 and was the first of thus far two Republicans to have held the position, the other being George Israel (1979-1987).

Contents

History

Governor Brown calls for militia as Sherman closes in, July 1864

Macon lies on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, which were home to Creek Indians and their predecessors for as long as 12,000 years before Europeans arrived. The fields and forests around Macon and what is now the Ocmulgee National Monument were cultivated by the Creeks, who built temple and funeral mounds that survive today.

Prior to its establishment as a city, Macon was the site of Fort Benjamin Hawkins. After the Creeks ceded their lands east of the Ocmulgee River, President Thomas Jefferson ordered the fort built in 1806 on the fall line of the Ocmulgee River to protect the new frontier, as it was a major military distribution point during the War of 1812 and the Creek War of 1813. Afterward, the fort became a trading post for a few more years before it fell to disuse and burned to the ground. A replica of the fort, however, stands today on a hill in east Macon. By this time, many settlers had already begun to move into the area and later renamed Fort Hawkins “Newtown.” After the establishment of Bibb County in 1822, the city was chartered as the county seat in 1823 and officially named Macon, in honor of North Carolina statesman Nathaniel Macon because many of the city's early settlers hailed from North Carolina. The city planners of Macon envisioned "a city within a park" and went about creating a city of spacious streets and parks. They also designated 250 acres (1 km2) for Central City Park and citizens were required by ordinances to plant shade trees in their front yards.

The city thrived due to its location on the Ocmulgee River and cotton became the mainstay of Macon's early economy. Cotton boats, stage coaches, and later, in 1843, a railroad all brought economic prosperity to Macon. In 1836, Wesleyan College, the first college chartered to grant degrees to women, was founded in Macon by the Georgia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1855 a referendum was held to determine a capital city for Georgia. Macon came in last with 3,802 votes.[5]

During the American Civil War, Macon served as the official arsenal of the Confederacy. Camp Oglethorpe, in Macon, was used first as a prison for captured officers and enlisted, then for officers only, up to 2,300 at one time. The camp was evacuated in 1864.[6]

Macon City Hall, which would serve as the temporary state capitol in 1864, was converted to use as a hospital for the wounded. However, Macon was spared by General William Tecumseh Sherman on his march to the sea. The nearby state capital of Milledgeville had been sacked and Maconites prepared for an attack. But General Sherman feared that Confederate forces were preparing a unified attack of their own and therefore bypassed Macon.

The Macon Telegraph claimed that out of the 23 companies the city had furnished the Confederacy, only enough for five were alive and medically fit for duty by the end of the war.[7]

Throughout the era of Reconstruction and into the twentieth century, Macon grew into a prospering town in Middle Georgia, and began to serve as a transportation hub for the entire state.

Downtown Macon in the early 1900's

.

In 1994 Tropical Storm Alberto made landfall in Florida dumping 24" inches of rain resulting in major flooding in Georgia. Macon was one of the worst flooded cities.[8]

On May 13, 2008, an EF2 tornado struck. Bibb county and surrounding counties were declared disaster areas by the state and federal governments.[9]

Macon was famous for being the home of the murderess Anjette Lyles,[10] as well as alleged axe murderer Thomas Woolfolk.[11]

Geography

The Macon-Bibb County Court House

Macon is one of Georgia's three Fall Line Cities, along with Augusta and Columbus. The Fall Line is where the hilly lands of the Piedmont plateau meet the flat terrain of the coastal plain. As such, Macon has a varied landscape of rolling hills on the north side and flat plains on the south. The fall line causes rivers in the area to decline rapidly towards sea level, making it an ideal location for textile mills in the past. The Ocmulgee River is the major river that runs through Macon.

Macon is located at 32°50′05″N 83°39′06″W / 32.834839°N 83.651672°W / 32.834839; -83.651672 (32.834839, -83.651672).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.3 square miles (145.7 km2), of which, 55.8 square miles (144.5 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 km2) of it (0.82%) is water.

Macon is approximately 901 feet (116 m) above sea level.[2]

Climate

Macon has a humid, subtropical climate. Summer temperatures generally peak in the mid-90s, and the winters have lows in the mid-30s. The city has an average annual precipitation of 45 inches (1,100 mm). Macon is often considered a dividing line or "natural snowline" of the southeastern United States with areas north of the city receiving snowfall annually, and areas to the south typically not receiving snowfall every year or at all. The most snowfall in a single storm, 7.5 inches, fell in March 1993.

Weather data for Macon, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
85
(29)
95
(35)
96
(36)
99
(37)
106
(41)
108
(42)
105
(41)
102
(39)
100
(38)
88
(31)
82
(28)
Average high °F (°C) 56.6
(14)
60.9
(16)
68.5
(20)
75.9
(24)
83.4
(29)
89.5
(32)
91.8
(33)
90.5
(33)
85.4
(30)
76.8
(25)
67.8
(20)
59.2
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 34.5
(1)
37.0
(3)
43.8
(7)
49.5
(10)
58.6
(15)
66.6
(19)
70.5
(21)
69.5
(21)
63.7
(18)
51.1
(11)
42.5
(6)
36.3
(2)
Record low °F (°C) -6
(-21)
9
(-13)
14
(-10)
29
(-2)
40
(4)
46
(8)
54
(12)
55
(13)
35
(2)
26
(-3)
10
(-12)
5
(-15)
Precipitation inches (mm) 5
(127)
4.55
(115.6)
4.90
(124.5)
3.14
(79.8)
2.98
(75.7)
3.54
(89.9)
4.32
(109.7)
3.79
(96.3)
3.26
(82.8)
2.37
(60.2)
3.22
(81.8)
3.93
(99.8)
Source: USTravelWeather.com[13] 2007-10-03

Surrounding cities and towns

Downtown Macon skyline at night.

Demographics

Location of the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley CSA and its components:      Macon Metropolitan Statistical Area      Warner Robins Metropolitan Statistical Area      Fort Valley Micropolitan Statistical Area

Macon is the largest principal city of the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Macon metropolitan area (Bibb, Crawford, Jones, Monroe, and Twiggs counties), the Warner Robins metropolitan area (Houston County), and the Fort Valley micropolitan area (Peach County),[14][15][16] which had a combined population of 346,801 at the 2000 census.[1]

As of the official census[1] of 2000, there were 100,005 people, 38,444 households, and 24,219 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,742.8 people per square mile (672.9/km2). There were 44,341 housing units at an average density of 794.6/sq mi (306.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.45% African American, 35.46% White, 0.19% Native American, 0.65 Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 38,444 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.0% were married couples living together, 25.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.8 males.

Economy

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Personal income

The median income for a household in the city was $27,405, and the median income for a family was $33,699. Males had a median income of $29,950 versus $22,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,082. About 21.6% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.

Retail

Two malls include: The Shoppes at River Crossing and Macon Mall.

Cultural

Musical heritage

A statue of Otis Redding

Macon natives have had a great influence upon music of the United States. The kazoo was invented in the city during the 1840s. Macon has been the birthplace or hometown to such musicians as The Allman Brothers Band, Randy Crawford, Mark Heard, Lucille Hegamin, Lena Horne, Otis Redding, Little Richard, and Mike Mills and Bill Berry of R.E.M. as well as more recent names like violinist Robert McDuffie, rapper Young Jeezy, and country artist Jason Aldean. Rapper Jody Breeze (1/4 of the hip-hop group Boyz N Da Hood, currently signed to P. Diddy's Bad Boy Entertainment) was discovered in Macon at a car show. September Hase, an alternative rock band managed by Macon's Alan Walden, was discovered in Macon at the 550 Blues Club. Capricorn Records, run by Macon natives Phil Walden and briefly Alan Walden, made the city a hub for Southern rock music in the late 1960s and 1970s.[17]

Partly as a result of this musical heritage, Macon became the home of the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.[18] Musicians from around the state are enshrined at the hall for their contributions, and the building features a museum showcasing Georgia's music history.

In 2007 the city hosted the Macon Symphony Orchestra,[19] which performed at the Grand Opera House in downtown Macon, as well as a youth symphony, the Middle Georgia Concert Band,[20] and other groups, some associated with the local universities.

Festivals

Cherry Blossom Festival
Georgia State Fair
  • International Cherry Blossom Festival - During mid-March of every year, the height of the cherry trees' bloom, Macon holds a 10-day celebration of concerts, food festivals, arts and crafts shows, parades, street markets, picnics, dances, and exhibitions of artists from around the world. The city becomes bathed in pink, the symbolizing color of this event, reflecting the color of the blossoms. The festival has been Macon's largest and best-known event.
  • Pan African Festival - Macon celebrates its African American cultural heritage. In April, Macon holds the Pan-African Festival featuring parades, African and Caribbean musical performances, African dancing, films, food festival, cultural shows, and exhibitions.
  • Ocmulgee Indian Celebration - A celebration of Macon's original Native American Heritage, this festival is held every September at Ocmulgee National Monument. Representatives from backgrounds of Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, and other nations come to share stories, exhibit native art, perform dances, and play live music.
  • The Georgia State Fair - The Fair is held in Central City Park every year starting in late September.
  • The Georgia Music Hall of Fame hosts Georgia Music Week in September. During the museum's free Brown Bag Boogie concert series, artists from across the state perform outdoors at noon. Festivities have also included the annual Georgia Music Hall of Fame Awards held in Atlanta.
  • Macon's annual Bragg Jam festival features an Art and Kids' Festival along the Ocmulgee Heritage Trail and a nighttime Pub Crawl featuring local and national musical acts. The event pays tribute to the lives of musicians Brax and Taylor Bragg, brothers who were killed in an automobile accident. Proceeds benefit the Ocmulgee Heritage Trail.
  • Macon Film Festival (MaGa) [21] - An annual film festival held the third weekend in February, celebrating the art and craft of the moving image, and giving light to independent films that rarely have the opportunity to appear in the Central Georgia region. The festival is open to filmmakers from every level, working in any medium and genre.

Points Of Interest

Fort Hawkins
Ocmulgee Riverwalk

Media

Newspapers and magazines

Television stations

Radio stations

FM

  • WBKG 88.9 - Macon (Religious)
  • WMUM-FM 89.7 - Macon (Georgia Public Broadcasting/National Public Radio)
  • WLZN 92.3 - Macon (Urban Hip-Hop - "Blazin' 92.3")
  • WPEZ 93.7 - Macon (Z93.7)
  • WMGB 95.1 ("B95.1") - Macon
  • WPCH (FM) 96.5 - Macon (Oldies/Adult Contemporary - "The New Peach" - Simulcast)
  • WDEN 99.1 - Macon (Country)
  • WMGZ 97.7 FM - Macon
  • WIBB-FM 97.9 - Macon (Urban - Hip Hop "97.9 WIBB")
  • WPGA-FM 100.9 - Macon (Mix "100.9")
  • WRBV 101.7 - Macon (Urban AC - "V101.7")
  • WROK-FM 105.5 - Macon (Adult Album Alternative - "Rock 105.5")
  • WQBZ 106.3 - Macon ( The Rock Station "Q106")
  • WFXM 107.1 - Macon (Hip-Hop & R&B "Power 107")

AM

  • WMVG AM - Macon
  • WBML 900 AM - Macon (Religious)
  • WMAC 940 AM - Macon (Talk)
  • WPGA 980 AM - Macon (Talk)
  • WDDO 1240 AM - Macon (Gospel)
  • WIBB 1280 AM - Macon (Talk)
  • WNEX 1400 AM - Macon (News Talk)
  • WIFN 1500 AM - Macon (Sports - "The Fan")
  • WFSM 1670 AM - Macon (Regional Mexican - "VIVA 1670")

Major venues

Macon City Auditorium
Cox Capitol Theater

Education

Colleges and universities

Macon State
Mercer University

Colleges and Universities

With approximately 30,000 college students, Macon is considered by many a college town, lagging only behind Athens and Atlanta in college population in Georgia. Mercer, Macon State, and Wesleyan College have the largest populations of "traditional" college students.

Public High Schools

Private High Schools

Specialty schools

  • Butler
  • Elam Alexander
  • Georgia Academy for the Blind
  • Neel
  • Renaissance

Hospitals


Transportation

Air travel

Middle Georgia Regional Airport (IATA: MCNICAO: KMCN), provides public air service to Macon as well as cargo flights. The airport is situated 9 miles (14 km) south of downtown. Herbert Smart Downtown Airport (IATA: MACICAO: KMAC) also provides air service to Macon.

Ground transportation

Interstate highways

State highways

Other roads

Bus service

MTA-MAC City Bus

The Macon Transit Authority (MTA) is Macon's public-transit system, operating the bus system within Bibb County. However, many commuters in Macon and the surrounding suburbs use private automobiles as their primary transportation. This results in heavy traffic during rush hour and contributes to Macon's air pollution.

Macon Transit Authority has a trolley system. The trolleys offer tours in the downtown Macon area since 1999. The tours consist of all of the major historical sites such as the Georgia Music Hall of Fame, the Hay House, and the Tubman Museum. There are three trolleys; MITSI, Miss Molly, and Sweet Melissa and each holds up to 39 passengers. Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service between Macon and many locations throughout the United States and Canada. The Greyhound terminal is situated at 65 Spring Street, on the eastern edge of the downtown area.

Sports

Club Sport League Venue
Georgia Gwizzlies Basketball American Basketball Association Macon Coliseum
Macon Music Baseball South Coast League Luther Williams Field
Macon Giants Baseball Great South League Luther Williams Field
Macon Knights (Former) Arena Football Arena Football Macon Coliseum

Sister cities

Notable Maconites

A number of notable people involved in politics, sports, music, and other activities were either born or resided in Macon.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Population Finder
  4. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1 2000 to July 1, 2005 (Note: This is a Microsoft Excel-formatted file)
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Cotton, Fire and Dreams
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1994/07/06/us/record-rain-pelts-georgia-4-die-in-flood.html
  9. ^ http://www.srh.noaa.gov/ffc/html/torfotos51108.shtml
  10. ^ Southern Scribe
  11. ^ While Woolfolk was convicted and hung for the crime, he never confessed, and a note found on a lynched man has cast doubt on his guilt.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  13. ^ "Macon Weather". http://www.ustravelweather.com/weather-georgia/macon-weather.asp. Retrieved October 3, 2007.  
  14. ^ METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  15. ^ MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  16. ^ COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  17. ^ Georgia Music Hall of Fame. "Alan Walden - Georgia Music Hall of Fame 2003 Inductee". georgiamusicstore.com. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
  18. ^ Georgia Music Hall of Fame website
  19. ^ Macon Symphony Orchestra Website
  20. ^ Middle Georgia Concert Band website
  21. ^ [3]
  22. ^ http://www.historicmacon.org/slc.html
  23. ^ http://www.georgiachildrensmuseum.com/
  24. ^ http://www.cannonballhouse.org/
  25. ^ http://www.georgiamusic.org
  26. ^ History of TBI, Synagogue website. Accessed August 28, 2009.
  27. ^ Covenant Academy

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MACON, a city and the county-seat of Bibb county, Georgia, U.S.A., in the central part of the state, on both sides of the Ocmulgee river (at the head of navigation), about 90 m. S.S.E. of Atlanta. Pop. (1900), 23,272, of whom 11,550 were negroes; (1910 census) 40,665. Macon is, next to Atlanta, the most important railway centre in the state, being served by the Southern, the Central of Georgia, the Georgia, the Georgia Southern & Florida, the Macon Dublin & Savannah, and the Macon & Birmingham railways. It was formerly an important river port, especially for the shipment of cotton, but lost this commercial advantage when railway bridges made the river impassable. It is, however, partially regaining the river trade in consequence of the compulsory substitution of drawbridges for the stationary railway bridges. The city is the seat of the Wesleyan female college (1836), which claims to be the first college in the world chartered to grant academic degrees to women; Mercer University (Baptist), which was established in 1833 as Mercer Institute at Penfield, became a university in 1837, was removed to Macon in 1871, and controls Hearn Academy (1839) at Cave Spring and Gibson Mercer Academy (1903) at Bowman; the state academy for the blind (1852), St Stanislaus' College (Jesuit), and Mt de Sales Academy (Roman Catholic) for women. There are four orphan asylums for whites and two for negroes, supported chiefly by the Protestant Episcopal and Methodist Churches, and a public hospital. Immediately east of Macon are two large Indian mounds, and there is a third mound 9 m. south of the city. Situated in the heart of the "Cotton Belt," Macon has a large and lucrative trade; it is one of the most important inland cotton markets of the United States, its annual receipts averaging about 250,000 bales. The city's factory products in 1905 were valued at $7, 2 97,347 (33.8% more than in 1900). In the vicinity are large beds of kaolin, 30 m. wide, reaching nearly across the state, and frequently 3 5 to 70 ft. in depth. Macon is near the fruitgrowing region of Georgia, and large quantities of peaches and of garden products are annually shipped from the city.

Macon (named in honour of Nathaniel Macon) was surveyed in 1823 by order of the Georgia legislature for the county-seat of Bibb county, and received its first charter in 1824. It soon became the centre of trade for Middle Georgia; in 1833 a steamboat line to Darien was opened, and in the following year 69,000 bales of cotton were shipped by this route. During the Civil War the city was a centre for Confederate commissary supplies and the seat of a Treasury depository. In July 1864 General George Stoneman (1822-1894) with 500 men was captured near the city by the Confederate general, Howell Cobb. Macon was finally occupied by Federal troops under General James H. Wilson (b. 1837) on the 10th of April 1865. In1900-1910the area of the city was increased by the annexation of several suburbs.


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Macon is a large city near the centre of the U.S. state of Georgia. County seat of Bibb County.


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Simple English

Macon is a city located in central Georgia, USA. It is among the largest metropolitan areas in Georgia, and the county seat of Bibb County. It is located near the geographic center of Georgia, more or less 75 miles (129 km) south of Atlanta, that's why the city's called the Heart of Georgia. As of the 2000 census, Macon had a population of 97,255. Macon is the sixth-largest city by population of the state.

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