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Macul commune in Greater Santiago

Macul (Quechua "to stretch right hand") Macul, is a commune of Chile that is located in the central-eastern part of Greater Santiago, limiting the north by the municipality of Ñuñoa, to the west with the commune of San Joaquín, east to the commune of Peñalolén and on the south by the commune of La Florida.

It is a predominantly residential and industrial zone, but its activities have been increasing and diversifying, which has forced a gradual change in terms of infrastructure and equipment.



Macul 5 was one of the indigenous peoples who populated the region of Ñuñohue prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. Its development was strongly linked to agricultural activity, thanks to the richness of its soil.

By the seventeenth century Ñuñoa sector continued with its essentially agricultural and through the road system had strengthened its ties with the city of Santiago. During the nineteenth century were a number of changes and developments that changed the purely rural and Ñuñoa Macul, among which the construction of railways, training of people and the enactment of the Autonomous Commune.

Since 1930 Ñuñoa consolidates its commune and residential building on its excellent communications with the rest of the city, is to host a large number of industrial establishments.

Beginning in 1960 the territory of Macul ceases to be a commercial area of the city of Santiago, into a space 'Mediterranean', this situation that consolidates the early years of the 70's, has a direct relation to the empowerment of Av. Ringroad Americo Vespucio.

Towards 1981 to Ñuñoa was subdivided in three communes: Ñuñoa, Peñalolén and Macul. Only since 1984 officially begins the Municipality of Macul, taking a territory under its jurisdiction fully urbanized, with a significant industrial sector thus far belonging to the commune of Ñuñoa.

Since the year 1992 the authorities are elected every four years, municipal popular votes.


Macul belongs to Ward No 25 along with the communities of La Granja and San Joaquin, and the 8 th Circuit Senatorio (Santiago East). It is represented in the Chamber of Deputies of the National Congress by deputies Ximena Vidal PPD and Felipe Salaberry of the UDI. He is represented in the Senate by Senators Soledad Alvear of the PDC and Pablo Longueira of the UDI.

The Municipality of Macul is led by Mayor Sergio Puyol (PDC), which is advised and controlled by council members:

  • Carmen Calderon (PDC)
  • Carlos Herrera (PPD)
  • Irene Tobar (IDU)
  • Claudio Burgos (PS)
  • Mario Quintana (RN)
  • Hector Soto (PDC)

20 units neighbourhood divide the commune, they constitute instances of assembly and participation of neighbors of the same area or district in the study of problems and concerns. Each time the municipal administration is characterized by the Cabildos Communal that the authority made such bases, which results in a Community Development Plan Macul, in which all participate.


In the educational field in the commune of Macul found in the Avenida Vicuña Mackenna San Joaquin Campus of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, where he focused a lot of races Undergraduate and Postgraduate studies of this house, with their respective labs , libraries, casinos and sport fields of excellent quality. It is also the seat sports at the University of the Americas where the Campus One (Sports Complex UDLA). This campus is the result of the union of ONE, a company of Hans Gildemeister and Universidad de Las Americas, to promote physical activity in the University community.

It is also the Higher Institute and University INACAP, which is home to the former facilities of Columbus and Tabancura besides the current Nuñoa and Vicuña Mackenna. Significantly, this is the biggest headquarters built in the country by INACAP, with more than 20,000 m2 built on a land of 30,000 m2. This seat is at Avenida Vicuña Mackenna and Agricultural School.


Among the attractions of the commune is the Aquatic Club Macul, also Estadio Monumental David Arellano owned by the most popular team from Chile, Colo-Colo, and the training center of the selection Chilean football Juan Pinto Duran. It also adds Park Game Mechanics Port Aventura. For youth activity is one of the biggest clubs in Santiago which is located in Luxor Disco avenue Departmental and Creole restaurant grill "Where Cuca" which is characterized by its pleasing atmosphere and live music. The Palace Vasquez, also known as "Castle Macul", a beautiful palace where does the municipality, located in the center of the commune, it is also an interesting tourist attraction to know.


  • Area: 12.9 km²[1]
  • Population: 105,610 (2006 projection)[1]
  • Average annual household income: US$19,004 (PPP, 2006)[1]
  • Population below poverty line: 13.4% (2006)[2]
  • Regional quality of life index: 80.30, high, 12 out of 52 (2005)
  • Human Development Index: 0.806, 10 out of 341 (2003)[3]


  1. ^ a b c Sistema de Información Regional, Ministry of Planning of Chile.
  2. ^ Poverty in the Santiago Metropolitan Region, Ministry of Planning of Chile.
  3. ^ "Las Trayectorias del Desarrollo Humano en las Comunas de Chile (1994-2003)." UNDP, Gobierno de Chile, Mideplán

External links

Coordinates: 33°29.5′S 70°36′W / 33.4917°S 70.6°W / -33.4917; -70.6



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