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Madan, Bulgaria
Madan, Bulgaria is located in Bulgaria
Madan, Bulgaria
Location of Madan, Bulgaria
Coordinates: 41°30′N 24°57′E / 41.5°N 24.95°E / 41.5; 24.95
Country  Bulgaria
Provinces
(Oblast)
Smolyan
Government
 - Mayor Atanas Ivanov
Elevation 851 m (2,792 ft)
Population (2005-09-13)
 - Total 6,914
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 4900
Area code(s) 0308
Houses in Madan

Madan (Bulgarian: Мадан) is a town with a population of 6,914, situated in the very south of Bulgaria in the Yellow Share of the Rhodope Mountains, in Smolyan Province.

Contents

Geography

Madan is a part of Ardino Ridge, sloping down to the northeast between the rivers Arda and Varbitsa. In the central part of the Yellow Share rise the peaks Buchovitsa (1404 m), Veternitsa (1372 m) and Petrovitsa (1309 m).

A mosque in Madan

The end of the ridge is Alada Peak (1241 m). From all sides the Yellow Share is separated by mountain-spurs, whose segmentations gradually slope down and vanish into the valleys of the rivers. The river system of the region is presented by the basins of the upper reaches of some of the longer rivers – to the north the basin of the Arda River with the headers Elhovska and Chepinska Rivers.

History and population

Madan is an ancient ore-miners' settlement, the extraction of lead ore having begun around 5th-4th century BC.

Most of the town's population consists of local Muslim Bulgarians due to the Ottoman invasion of the late 14th century. Тhere is a minority of Eastern Orthodox Bulgarians. Part of them came as refugeees from Greece and Turkey or during the Communist period (1944-1989) to work in the mines. It is, however, important to note that Madan was fully integrated in the first and second Bulgarian empires long before the arrival of the Ottomans to this part of the Balkans.

Honour

Madan Saddle on Smith Island, South Shetland Islands is named after Madan.

External links

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