The Full Wiki

Madhav Kumar Nepal: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Madhav Kumar Nepal
माधवकुमार नेपाल

Nepal speaking in 2008

Assumed office 
25 May 2009
President Ram Baran Yadav
Preceded by Pushpa Kamal Dahal

Born 6 March 1953 (1953-03-06) (age 56)
Rautahat, Nepal
Political party CPN(UML)

Madhav Kumar Nepal (माधवकुमार नेपाल born March 6, 1953[1]) is a Nepali politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal; he took office on May 25, 2009.[2] He was previously the General Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) for 15 years. He is also known in Nepal as Makune, a shorter form of his name.

M.K. Nepal was born to Mangal Kumar Upadhyaya and Durgadevi Upadhaya.[1] Born in a Brahmin family in southern Nepal's Rautahat district on March 6, 1953. Nepal went to Sitamarhi in Bihar for studies but had to return after some time due to illness. He graduated in Commerce from Tribhuvan University in 1973 and worked in banking and civil service before turning to full-time politics.

He dropped his surname Upadhyaya.


Political activism

M.K. Nepal joined the communist movement in 1969. In the underground struggle, he used party names such as 'Subodh', 'Sunil', 'Ranjan' and 'Bibek'. In 1971 he became a district committee member of the Nepal Revolutionary Organisation (Marxist-Leninist). At a conference held in Biratnagar June 7–8, 1975, M.K. Nepal was elected as a bureau member of the All Nepal Communist Revolutionary Coordination Committee (Marxist-Leninist). When the ANCRCC(ML) founded the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) in 1978, M.K. Nepal was elected a politburo member of the new party.[1]


He was the Deputy Prime Minister in the Nepalese government during the CPN(UML) minority government in 1994-1995 as well as the leader of the opposition in the National Assembly,almost from 1991-1999.. He argued for the Nepal Civil War to be solved through talks and did not believe that mobilization of the army was the solution.

Nepal was arrested in 2001 during a crackdown on anti-government protest. Following the palace massacre he called for Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to step down, though later joined forces with him to launch a campaign against King Gyanendra's assumption of executive powers.

On 12 April 2008, Nepal resigned as General Secretary of the CPN (UML),[3] after having lost the Kathmandu-2 seat to Maoist candidate Jhakku Prasad Subedi in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election.[4] Subedi was a comparatively obscure candidate.[5] Nepal was also defeated in Rautahat-6 constituency by CPN(M) candidate Devendra Patel.[6]. Now he is looking after international bureau of the CPN (UML).

In June 2008, the CPN (UML) proposed that M. K. Nepal become the country's first President, following the declaration of a republic.[7]

Prime Minister

He became Prime Minister of Nepal on 25 May 2009 after his predecessor Prachanda resigned over a conflict with the president over the dismissal of the army's chief of staff although he was badly defeated in the Constituent Assembly election.[8]


Further reading

  • Busky, Donald F (2002). Communism in History and Theory. Praeger/Greenwood. ISBN 0-275-97733-1
  • Hutt, Michael (2004). Himalayan "People's War". C. Hurst & Co Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-722-X

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Prime Minister of Nepal
2009 – present
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Madan Bhandari
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
1993 – 2008
Succeeded by
Jhala Nath Khanal


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address