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Madison
—  City  —
Madison is located in Alabama
Madison
Location in Alabama.
Coordinates: 34°42′54″N 86°44′23″W / 34.715°N 86.73972°W / 34.715; -86.73972
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Madison, Limestone
Area
 - Total 23.3 sq mi (60.2 km2)
 - Land 23.2 sq mi (60 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 705 ft (215 m)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 36,824
 Density 1,258.8/sq mi (611.69/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 35757-35758
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-45784
GNIS feature ID 0122191

Madison is a city in Limestone and Madison Counties in the U.S. state of Alabama, and is included in the Huntsville Metropolitan Area.

It is therefore also included in the merged Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 36,824.[1] The current mayor is Paul Finley.

Contents

History

Southern Railroad Depot, Madison, AL

Madison's first resident was John Cartwright, who settled in the area in 1818. The city was originally known as Madison Station, and grew up in the 1850s around a stop of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad. Madison was the site of a battle in the American Civil War on March 16, 1864, when Col. Josiah Patterson's 5th Alabama Cavalry, supported by Col. James H. Stuart's cavalry battalion and a section of horse artillery, drove Col. Adam G. Gorgas's 13th Illinois Infantry Regiment from the city. Patterson's men captured the 13th Illinois Regiment's wagon train, taking 66 prisoners. They also burned Union supplies and tore up the railroad tracks before retreating. Portions of the 5th Ohio Cavalry, the 59th Indiana Infantry and the 5th Iowa Infantry were sent in pursuit from Huntsville and skirmished with Patterson's rear guard that evening at Fletcher's Ferry south of Madison.

More recently, the city has become a fast-growing suburb of Huntsville. In 1980, the population of Madison was about 4,000. Today, the city's estimated population is 36,824.

Education

The Madison City School System, formed in 1998, serves over 8,400 students from the cities of Madison and Triana.[2] In 2006, the school system had six elementary schools (Columbia Elementary School, Heritage Elementary School, Horizon Elementary School, Madison Elementary School, Rainbow Elementary School, West Madison Elementary School), two middle schools (Discovery Middle School, Liberty Middle School), and one high school (Bob Jones High School). Madison also has several private schools, including Madison Academy, Faith Christian Academy, St John the Baptist, and Westminster Academy. In 2007, building started on a new elementary school, Mill Creek Elementary, which opened at the start of the school year in August 2009.

Economy

Madison's largest employer is Intergraph, a computer software company based in Madison. Thousands of Madison residents commute to Cummings Research Park and Redstone Arsenal in nearby Huntsville. Within the city limits, most of Madison's businesses are retail, with stores and fast-food restaurants lining US 72 to the north and Madison Boulevard to the south. Parts of Madison is long distance to other parts (crossing the Madison/Limestone county border) as AT&T has not kept pace with growth in the region as reported in the Huntsville Times/Decatur Daily/Athens-News-Courier.[3]

Transportation

Madison is served by Interstate 565 and US 72. Madison Boulevard (the former Alabama State Route 20) parallels 565. The Norfolk Southern railway has a main line and a spur running through Madison. The Port of Huntsville, an intermodal center which includes Huntsville International Airport and a rail cargo center, is just south of the city.

Geography

Madison is located at 34°42′54″N 86°44′23″W / 34.715°N 86.73972°W / 34.715; -86.73972 (34.715065, -86.739644),[4] primarily within Madison County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.2 square miles (60.2 km²), of which, 23.2 square miles (60.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.30%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 29,329 people, 11,143 households, and 8,067 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,266.5 people per square mile (488.9/km²). There were 12,121 housing units at an average density of 523.4/sq mi (202.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.15% White, 13.00% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 3.51% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.98% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,143 households out of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,849, and the median income for a family was $74,532. Males had a median income of $57,216 versus $32,316 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,821. About 4.4% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

According to the Madison Chamber of Commerce, as of 2004, Madison is the fastest growing city in Alabama. [2]

Population of Madison[6]
Year Population
1940 500
1960 1,400
1970 3,100
1980 4,100
1990 14,800
2000 29,329

Notable residents

  • Josh Hester - drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals on June 6, 2008. Josh, a right-handed pitcher, played baseball for the Fulton Railroaders, part of the KIT League. Josh is the first Railroader to be drafted into the Major League since the KIT League was reborn in 2005. He was a student at Freed-Hardeman University in Henderson, Tennessee, where he was an accomplished Table Tennis player.[7]

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°42′54″N 86°44′23″W / 34.715065°N 86.739644°W / 34.715065; -86.739644

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Simple English

Madison, Alabama
—  City  —
Coordinates: 34°42′54″N 86°44′23″W / 34.715°N 86.73972°W / 34.715; -86.73972
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Madison, Limestone
Area
 - Total 23.3 sq mi (60.2 km2)
 - Land 23.2 sq mi (60 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 705 ft (215 m)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 36,824
 Density 1,258.8/sq mi (611.69/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 35757-35758
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-45784
GNIS feature ID 0122191

Madison is a city in Limestone and Madison counties in the U.S. state of Alabama. It is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 36,824.


Madison, AL is very close to Redstone Arsenal, AL, a major US army installation. Redstone Arsenal is growing in importance to the region due to expansion mandated by BRAC. Personnel from other military installations across the country will be moving to Redstone in 2009 - 2011. Estimates are that as many as 15,000 new families will arrive in North Alabama due to this expansion. Madison is one of the fastest growing communities in Alabama. The region's economy is also supported by NASA (the Marshall Space Flight Center), and major defense contractors.

Madison is served by a good public school system and by numerous private schools. Some of the accredited private schools include: Madison Academy, Westminster Christian Academy, Randolph School, and {{Faith Christian Academy (Alabama)]] [1].

References

  1. "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 28 2007. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-04-01.csv. Retrieved June 28 2007. 


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