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Madison County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Seat Edwardsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

740 sq mi (1,917 km²)
725 sq mi (1,878 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 2.07%
PopulationEst.
 - (2006)
 - Density

265,303
366/sq mi (141.3/km²)
Founded September 14, 1812

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. Madison County is part of the Metro-East region of the St. Louis Metro Area. As of 2006, the population was 265,303. The county seat is Edwardsville, Illinois, home to Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville.[1] The largest town in the county is Alton, known for its Civil War-era history and for being the home of Robert Pershing Wadlow, who was the world's tallest person. It is also the home of Southern Illinois University Dental School.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,918 km² (740 mi²). 1,878 km² (725 mi²) of it is land and 40 km² (15 mi²) of it (2.07%) is water. Madison County is on the Mississippi River, while the other major body of water is Horseshoe Lake.

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Major expressways and highways

Adjacent counties

History

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1820 13,550
1830 6,221 −54.1%
1840 14,433 132.0%
1850 20,441 41.6%
1860 31,251 52.9%
1870 44,131 41.2%
1880 50,126 13.6%
1890 51,535 2.8%
1900 64,694 25.5%
1910 89,847 38.9%
1920 106,895 19.0%
1930 143,830 34.6%
1940 149,349 3.8%
1950 182,307 22.1%
1960 224,689 23.2%
1970 250,934 11.7%
1980 247,691 −1.3%
1990 249,238 0.6%
2000 258,941 3.9%
Est. 2006 265,303 2.5%
UVa Census Browser 1820-1890[2]
Illinois Counties 1900-1990[3]

Madison County was established on September 14, 1812. It was formed out of Randolph and St. Clair Counties and named for James Madison.[4] At the time of its formation, Madison County included all of the modern State of Illinois north of St. Louis, about three-fourths of the Territory.

In the late 1800s, Madison County became an industrial powerhouse, and in the 20th century, was known for first, Graniteware, and later, its steel mills, oil refineries, and other heavy industry. Because of this large working class population, the county and surrounding area was well-known as a powerhouse for the Democratic Party.

Today, the county forms part of the semi-rural, sparsely-populated eastern portion of the St. Louis metropolitan area (nicknamed "Metro East") along with neighboring St. Clair County.

In 2009, the EPA issued an air pollution report that ranked Madison County as the county with the second-highest cancer risk in the country due to air pollution, second only to Los Angeles County, California.

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census of 2000,[5] there were 258,941 people, 101,953 households, and 70,041 families residing in the county. The population density was 357 people per square mile (138/km²). There were 108,942 housing units at an average density of 150 per square mile (58/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.23% White, 7.31% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.2% were of German, 11.6% American, 10.4% Irish and 9.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 101,953 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,541, and the median income for a family was $50,862. Males had a median income of $39,857 versus $25,968 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,509. About 7.20% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Political subdivisions

Map of Madison County, Illinois.

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Madison County is divided into twenty-four townships:

Transportation

Madison County Transit serves the county with 25 bus routes and 85 miles (137 km) of bike trails.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Historial Census Browser, University of Virginia, Geospacial and Statistical Data Center, 2004, http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/index.html 
  3. ^ Illinois Counties 1900-1990, U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/il190090.txt 
  4. ^ Adams, James N. (compiler) (1989), Keller, William E., ed., Illinois Place Names, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, pp. 593, ISBN 0912226242 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 38°50′N 89°55′W / 38.83°N 89.91°W / 38.83; -89.91


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Madison County, Illinois
Map
File:Map of Illinois highlighting Madison County.png
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1812
Seat Edwardsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 2.07%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2005)
 - Density

265303
Website: www.co.madison.il.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. Madison County is part of the St. Louis Metro Area. As of 2000, the population was 258,941. Its county seat is Edwardsville6.

Contents

History

Madison County was formed in 1812 out of Randolph and St. Clair Counties. At the time of its formation, Madison County included all of the modern State of Illinois north of St. Louis, about three-fourths of the Territory. The county was named for President James Madison, at the outbreak of the War of 1812.[1]

In the late 1800s, Madison County became an industrial powerhouse, and in the 20th century, was known for first, Graniteware, and later, its steel mills, oil refinerys, and other heavy industry. Because of this large working class population, the County, and the surrounding area, was well known as a Democratic powerhouse.

"Judicial hellhole" accusation


In the early twenty-first century, Madison County was called as a "judicial hellhole" by the American Tort Reform Association, which argued that local judges, bankrolled and elected by local plaintiffs' attorneys, encouraged forum shopping by misapplying the laws to make the court system unfairly balanced on behalf of plaintiffs.[2] One-third of United States asbestos cases were brought in Madison County, and the number of class actions increased from three a year to nearly a hundred a year.[3] In the 2005 election to the Illinois Supreme Court, both tort reform advocates and trial lawyers spent record amounts of money on behalf of their preferred candidates. Lloyd A. Karmeier, a Republican, defeated Appellate Judge Gordon Maag for the seat. President George W. Bush traveled to Madison County to give a speech proposing federal tort reform for medical malpractice lawsuits.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 258,941 people, 101,953 households, and 70,041 families residing in the county. The population density was 138/km² (357/sq mi). There were 108,942 housing units at an average density of 58/km² (150/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 90.23% White, 7.31% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 101,953 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,541, and the median income for a family was $50,862. Males had a median income of $39,857 versus $25,968 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,509. About 7.20% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Census designated places

References

  1. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
  2. ^ ATRA, Judicial Hellholes 2002
  3. ^ Manhattan Institute, Trial Lawyers Inc. Illinois



Coordinates: 38°50′N 89°55′W / 38.83, -89.91

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Madison County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Madison County, IllinoisRDF feed
County names Madison County, Illinois  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Illinois  +
Short name Madison County  +

This article uses material from the "Madison County, Illinois" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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