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Madras, Oregon
—  City  —
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°37′50″N 121°7′45″W / 44.63056°N 121.12917°W / 44.63056; -121.12917Coordinates: 44°37′50″N 121°7′45″W / 44.63056°N 121.12917°W / 44.63056; -121.12917
Country United States
State Oregon
County Jefferson
Incorporated 1911
Government
 - Mayor Melanie Widmer
Area
 - Total 5.6 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 - Land 5.6 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,242 ft (683.4 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 5,078
 Density 2,326.9/sq mi (899.4/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97741
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-45250[1]
GNIS feature ID 1145724[2]
Website ci.madras.or.us

Madras (pronounced /ˈmædrəs/, MAD-res) is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. Originally called The Basin after the circular valley the city is located in, it is unclear as to whether Madras was named in 1903 for the cotton fabric called "Madras" that originated in the Chennai area in India, or from the city of Chennai, which was also "Madras".[3] The population was 5,078 at the 2000 census, with an estimated population of 6,640 in 2008.[4] It is the county seat of Jefferson County.[5]

Contents

History

Madras was incorporated as a city in 1911. An Army Air Corps base was built nearby during World War II. This airfield now serves as City-County Airport. Homesteads about 5 miles (8.0 km) north of the city on Agency Plains were based on dryland wheat.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.6 km²), all of it land.[6]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 364
1920 337 −7.4%
1930 291 −13.6%
1940 412 41.6%
1950 1,258 205.3%
1960 1,515 20.4%
1970 1,689 11.5%
1980 2,235 32.3%
1990 3,443 54.0%
2000 5,078 47.5%
Est. 2007 5,424 6.8%
source:[7][8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,078 people, 1,801 households, and 1,251 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,326.9 people per square mile (899.4/km²). There were 1,952 housing units at an average density of 894.5/sq mi (345.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.55% White, 0.59% African American, 6.14% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.35% Pacific Islander, 24.56% from other races, and 4.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.74% of the population.

There were 1,801 households out of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,103, and the median income for a family was $33,275. Males had a median income of $27,656 versus $19,464 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,937. About 15.2% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure

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Transportation

Highway
Rail
Air

In addition to the public City-County Airport, Madras has several private use airports in the area:

Notable residents

Sister city

Madras has one sister city,[11] as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also

References

External links


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