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Madrid–Sevilla high-speed rail line
Technical
Line length 471,8 km
Track gauge 1435 mm
Minimum radius of curvature Standard: 4000 m; Absolute: 3250 m
Electrification 25 kV, 50 Hz
Operating speed 300 km/h
Maximum incline Standard: 12,5 ; Absolute: 13,25
Route map
Legend
Unknown route-map component "KBHFxa"
0 Madrid Atocha
Junction to left
Madrid-Barcelona high-speed rail line
Unknown route-map component "eABZrg"
12,300 Valdemingomez, a bypass Sevilla-Barcelona
Track change
14,272 Los Gavilanes
Track change
24,418 Parla
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf"
28 Cuenca, València/Albacete
Track change
35,311 Yeles
Junction to right
53,727 Passing station La Sagra, towards Toledo
Bridge over water
63,4 Tajo 704 m
Track change
73,724 Ablates
Non-passenger station on track
89,535 Switches Mora
Track change
104,882 Los Yébenes
Non-passenger station on track
119,746 Switches Urda
Track change
130,136 El Emperador
Track change
149,621 Malagón
Station on track
170,748 Ciudad Real
Large bridge
171 Ciudad Real 929 m
Non-passenger station on track
196,476 Switches Calatrava
Station on track
209,761 Puertollano
Track change
225,426 Brazatortas
Non-passenger station on track
244,488 Switches Venta la Inés
Non-passenger station on track
267,343 Switches Conquista
Bridge over water
Guadalmez 798 m
Non-passenger station on track
285,193 Switches Villanueva de Córdoba
Track change
293,950 Arroyo del Valle
Enter and exit short tunnel
300 Piedras de la Sal 2569 m
Enter and exit short tunnel
304,8 Churretes Bajos
Track change
317,796 Adamuz
Bridge over water
Guadalquivir
Station on track
345,184 Córdoba
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf"
Gauge conversion towards Málaga (not in service)
Bridge over water
Guadalquivir
Junction to left
358,006 Córdoba-Málaga high-speed rail line
Track change
362,958 Almodovar del Río
Non-passenger station on track
387,149 Switch Hornachuelos
Track change
408,927 Peñaflor
Non-passenger station on track
426,144 Switches Guadajoz
Bridge over water
Guadalquivir
Non-passenger station on track
442.719 Switches Cantillana
Non-passenger station on track
460.461 Majarabique
Junction to right
Gauge conversion Majarabique
End station
Seville Santa Justa

The Madrid-Sevilla high speed line is a 472 kilometers (293 mi) Spanish railway line for high speed traffic between Madrid and Seville. The first Spanish high-speed rail connection has been in use since 21 April 1992 at speeds up to 300 km/h (186 mph). Travel time between the two end points was reduced by over half.

At Córdoba the Madrid-Málaga high-speed rail line leaves the line from Madrid.

Contents

Routing

AVEs in Seville's Santa Justa station.

The line starts at Madrid-Atocha and runs over 31 bridges (total length 9,845 meters (32,300 ft)) and through 17 tunnels (total length 16.03 kilometers (10 mi)[1], crossing the plains of Castile. It climbs south of Toledo as well as when crossing the Sierra Morena to an altitude of 800 meters, and then descends to around sea level as it approaches Seville. End point of the line is the new railway station Santa Justa in Seville.

Technical details

The high speed line was constructed at standard gauge, in contrast with the rest of the Spanish railway network. Voltage is 25 kV AC instead of 3000 V DC. Twelve transformers feed the overhead wires. Some 8 kilometers (5 mi) before the start and end points of the line, the line merges with local DC tracks.

The line was equipped with signalling standards that had been developed in the 80s for the German Hanover-Würzburg high-speed rail line and the Mannheim-Stuttgart high-speed rail line.

At the end of 2006, Spanish governmental agency ADIF ordered technical changes to the safety systems along the line for an amount of 12.6 million Euros, so that in the future, trains of the RENFE-type 104 will be able to run at 200 instead of 180 km/h. A further amount of 4.1 million Euros has been spent on changes to the ASFA train safety system.[2]

Between the railway stations along the line, passing stations and emergency stations are located (in Spanish: Puesto de adelantamiento y estacionamiento de trenes, abbr. PEAT). These allow faster trains to overtake slower trains, and the parking of rescue trains. In addition, most of these stations have basic platforms that can be used to let passengers descend and change to buses in case of emergency.

Trains travel along the line at 300 km/h during the sections of the track close to Madrid. They travel at 200 km/h through the Sierra Morena region, possibly because the S/100 trains aren't pressure-sealed and this section includes many tunnels. The trains travel at 250 km/h between Córdoba and Seville, possibly on account of the AVANT services that also use the line, whose trains are limited to 250 km/h.

History

AVE lines in Andalusia, including the later branch to Malaga.

On 11 October 1986 the Spanish government decided to build a new railway between Madrid and Seville. On 25 February 1988, the international tender for the acquisition of 24 high-speed trains AVE followed; these trains were ordered by 23 December 1988. The first train, based on the third generation of TGVs, was delivered on 10 October 1991.

In December 1988 it was decided to build the new line in standard gauge. Construction was ordered on 16 March 1989, and it lasted for 33 months; actual construction activity lasted only 24 months. Commercial use of the line commenced on 21 April 1992. In the first weeks, over 23 thousand passengers used the new trains - an occupancy rate of 81%.

On 20 April 1992, services started between Madrid and Seville. Non-stop travel time between the two cities were 2:45 hrs; with stops at Ciudad Real, Puertollano and Córdoba it was 2:55 hrs. In 1992, tickets cost around 50-70 euros in second class, in first class over 100 euros.

The line later received branches in Andalusia.

Impact

The new railway line radically changed the modal split between Madrid and Seville. The share of air traffic decreased between 1991 and 1994 from 40% to 13%; the combined share of car and bus decreased from 44% to 36%. The share of railway traffic increased from 16% to 51%, while total traffic increased by 35%.[3]

In 1997, some 4.4 million passengers travelled along the line; in 1998, 4.75 million. By 1999, trains transported over 4 times as many passengers as planes between Seville and Madrid.[1]

External links

Source

  • Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehr in Spanien aufgenommen and Neubaustrecke Madrid–Sevilla in Betrieb, in: Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau, June 1992, page 354 f.
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

References

  1. ^ a b Spanish To Build More High-Speed Lines. International Railway Journal, Sept. 1999.
  2. ^ High speed advances in Spain. In: Railway Gazette International. 163, nr. 1, 2007, ISSN 0373-5346, page 4
  3. ^ Moshe Givoni: Development and Impact of the Modern High-speed Train: A Review. In: Transport Reviews. 26, Nr. 5, Jahr, ISSN 0144-1647, S. 593–611

Madrid-Sevilla high-speed rail line
Technical
Line length 471,8 km
Track gauge 1435 mm
Minimum radius of curvature Standard: 4000 m; Absolute: 3250 m
Electrification 25 kV, 50 Hz
Operating speed 300 km/h
Maximum incline Standard: 12,5 ‰; Absolute: 13,25 ‰
Route diagram
0 Madrid Atocha
Madrid-Barcelona high-speed rail line
12,300 Valdemingomez, a bypass Sevilla-Barcelona
File:BSicon Ü
14,272 Los Gavilanes
File:BSicon Ü
24,418 Parla
28 Cuenca, València/Albacete
File:BSicon Ü
35,311 Yeles
53,727 Passing station La Sagra, towards Toledo
File:BSicon WBRÜ
63,4 Tajo 704 m
File:BSicon Ü
73,724 Ablates
89,535 Switches Mora
File:BSicon Ü
104,882 Los Yébenes
119,746 Switches Urda
File:BSicon Ü
130,136 El Emperador
File:BSicon Ü
149,621 Malagón
170,748 Ciudad Real
File:BSicon BRÜ
171 Ciudad Real 929 m
196,476 Switches Calatrava
209,761 Puertollano
File:BSicon Ü
225,426 Brazatortas
244,488 Switches Venta la Inés
267,343 Switches Conquista
File:BSicon WBRÜ
Guadalmez 798 m
285,193 Switches Villanueva de Córdoba
File:BSicon Ü
293,950 Arroyo del Valle
300 Piedras de la Sal 2569 m
304,8 Churretes Bajos
File:BSicon Ü
317,796 Adamuz
File:BSicon WBRÜ
Guadalquivir
345,184 Córdoba
Gauge conversion towards Málaga (not in service)
File:BSicon WBRÜ
Guadalquivir
358,006 Córdoba–Málaga high-speed rail line
File:BSicon Ü
362,958 Almodovar del Río
387,149 Switch Hornachuelos
File:BSicon Ü
408,927 Peñaflor
426,144 Switches Guadajoz
File:BSicon WBRÜ
Guadalquivir
442.719 Switches Cantillana
460.461 Majarabique
Gauge conversion Majarabique
Seville Santa Justa

The Madrid-Sevilla high speed line is a 472 kilometers (293 mi) Spanish railway line for high speed traffic between Madrid and Seville. The first Spanish high-speed rail connection has been in use since 21 April 1992 at speeds up to 300 km/h (186 mph). Travel time between the two end points was reduced by over half.

At Córdoba the Madrid-Málaga high-speed rail line leaves the line from Madrid.

Contents

Routing

The line starts at Madrid-Atocha and runs over 31 bridges (total length 9,845 meters (32,300 ft)) and through 17 tunnels (total length 16.03 kilometers (10 mi)[1], crossing the plains of Castile. It climbs south of Toledo as well as when crossing the Sierra Morena to an altitude of 800 meters, and then descends to around sea level as it approaches Seville. End point of the line is the new railway station Santa Justa in Seville.

Technical details

The high speed line was constructed at standard gauge, in contrast with the rest of the Spanish railway network. Voltage is 25 kV AC instead of 3000 V DC. Twelve transformers feed the overhead wires. Some 8 kilometers (5 mi) before the start and end points of the line, the line merges with local DC tracks.

The line was equipped with signalling standards that had been developed in the 80s for the German Hanover-Würzburg high-speed rail line and the Mannheim-Stuttgart high-speed rail line.

At the end of 2006, Spanish governmental agency ADIF ordered technical changes to the safety systems along the line for an amount of 12.6 million Euros, so that in the future, trains of the RENFE-type 104 will be able to run at 200 instead of 180 km/h. A further amount of 4.1 million Euros has been spent on changes to the ASFA train safety system.[2]

Between the railway stations along the line, passing stations and emergency stations are located (in Spanish: Puesto de adelantamiento y estacionamiento de trenes, abbr. PEAT). These allow faster trains to overtake slower trains, and the parking of rescue trains. In addition, most of these stations have basic platforms that can be used to let passengers descend and change to buses in case of emergency.

History

, including the later branch to Malaga.]] On 11 October 1986 the Spanish government decided to build a new railway between Madrid and Seville. On 25 February 1988, the international tender for the acquisition of 24 high-speed trains AVE followed; these trains were ordered by 23 December 1988. The first train, based on the third generation of TGVs, was delivered on 10 October 1991.

In December 1988 it was decided to build the new line in standard gauge. Construction was ordered on 16 March 1989, and it lasted for 33 months; actual construction activity lasted only 24 months. Commercial use of the line commenced on 21 April 1992. In the first weeks, over 23 thousand passengers used the new trains - an occupancy rate of 81%.

On 20 April 1992, services started between Madrid and Seville. Non-stop travel time between the two cities were 2:45 hrs; with stops at Ciudad Real, Puertollano and Córdoba it was 2:55 hrs. In 1992, tickets cost around 50-70 euros in second class, in first class over 100 euros.

The line later received branches in Andalusia.

Impact

The new railway line radically changed the modal split between Madrid and Seville. The share of air traffic decreased between 1991 and 1994 from 40% to 13%; the combined share of car and bus decreased from 44% to 36%. The share of railway traffic increased from 16% to 51%, while total traffic increased by 35%.[3]

In 1997, some 4.4 million passengers travelled along the line; in 1998, 4.75 million. By 1999, trains transported over 4 times as many passengers as planes between Seville and Madrid.[1]

External links

Source

  • Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehr in Spanien aufgenommen and Neubaustrecke Madrid–Sevilla in Betrieb, in: Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau, June 1992, page 354 f.
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Spanish To Build More High-Speed Lines. International Railway Journal, Sept. 1999.
  2. High speed advances in Spain. In: Railway Gazette International. 163, nr. 1, 2007, ISSN 0373-5346, page 4
  3. Moshe Givoni: Development and Impact of the Modern High-speed Train: A Review. In: Transport Reviews. 26, Nr. 5, Jahr, ISSN 0144-1647, S. 593–611







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