Magenta: Wikis


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Magenta (fuchsia)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF00FF
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 100[1]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Magenta is a purplish-pink color evoked by light stronger in blue and red wavelengths than in yellowish-green wavelengths. (complements of magenta have wavelength 500–530 nm).[2] In light experiments, magenta can be produced by removing the lime-green wavelengths from white light. It is an extra-spectral color, meaning it cannot be generated by a single wavelength of light, being a mixture of red and blue wavelengths. The name magenta comes from the dye magenta, commonly called fuchsine, discovered shortly after the 1859 Battle of Magenta near Magenta, Italy.

In the Munsell color system, magenta is called red-purple. In the CMYK color model used in printing, it is one of the primary colors of ink. In the RGB color model, the secondary color created by mixing the red and blue primaries is called magenta or fuchsia, though this color differs in hue from printer’s magenta.


Historical development of magenta

Magenta dye
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #CA1F7B
RGBB (r, g, b) (202, 31, 123)
HSV (h, s, v) (326°, 90%, 79[3]%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Magenta dye (1860)

Before printer's magenta was invented in the 1890s for CMYK printing, and electric magenta was invented in the 1980s for computer displays, these two artificially engineered colors were preceded by the color displayed at right, which is the color originally called fuchsine made from coal tar dyes in the year 1859. The name of the color was soon changed to magenta, being named after the Battle of Magenta fought at Magenta, Lombardy-Venetia.[4]

Process magenta (subtractive primary, sRGB approximation)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF0090
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 0, 144)
HSV (h, s, v) (326°, 100%, 100[5]%)
Source [1] CMYK
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Process magenta (pigment magenta; printer's magenta) (1890s)

In color printing, the color called process magenta, or pigment magenta, or printer's magenta is one of the three primary pigment colors which, along with yellow and cyan, constitute the three subtractive primary colors of pigment. (The secondary colors of pigment are blue, green, and red.) As such, the hue magenta, is the complement of green: magenta pigments absorb green light; thus magenta and green are opposite colors.

The CMYK printing process was invented in the 1890s, when newspapers began to publish color comic strips.

Process magenta is not an RGB color, and there is no fixed conversion from CMYK primaries to RGB. Different formulations are used for printer's ink, so there can be variations in the printed color that is pure magenta ink. A typical formulation of process magenta is shown in the color box at right. The source of the color shown at right is the color magenta that is shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing: [2]. A printer’s magenta is usually out of gamut on a computer display, so the color at right is only an approximation.

Magenta (additive secondary)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF00FF
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 100[6]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Electric magenta (additive secondary magenta) (web color fuchsia) (1990s)

Electric magenta, shown at the right, is one of the three secondary colors in the RGB color model. For computer color rendition, that specific hue of magenta composed of equal parts of red and blue light was termed the web color fuchsia and was assigned as an alias for the RGB code of magenta on a list of standardized web colors. "Electric" magenta and fuchsia are exactly the same color. Sometimes electric magenta is called electronic magenta.

The color fuchsia is named after the color of the flowers of the Fuchsia plant, named after Leonhart Fuchs, although most of the flowers of the plant are not quite so bright.

Electric magenta vs. process magenta

While both of these colors are called magenta they are actually substantially different from one another. Process magenta (the color used for magenta printing ink is also called printer's or pigment magenta) is much less vivid than the color electric magenta achievable on a computer screen — indeed, CMYK printing technology cannot accurately reproduce pure magenta as described above as electric magenta (1/2 100% blue light + 1/2 100% red light=magenta) on paper.

When electric magenta is reproduced on paper, it is called fuchsia and it is physically impossible for it to appear on paper as vivid as on a computer screen. In order to reproduce it, a small amount of cyan printer's ink must be added to printer's magenta to make fuchsia, and therefore fuchsia is not a primary color of pigment — it is the color of printer's magenta that is one of the primary colors of pigment (along with cyan and yellow).

The name fuchsia was chosen as the alias for electric magenta because that is the color name for the color that in printed reproduction is its equivalent.

Since prior to the introduction of personal computers magenta was synonymous with printer's magenta, colored pencils and crayons called "magenta" are usually colored the color of process magenta (printer's magenta) shown above.

On the color wheel

If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, magenta (additive secondary) appears midway between red and blue:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join blue and red in an additive mixture of magenta

Magenta in human culture

Artist's vision of a spectral class T brown dwarf
  • Spectral class T brown dwarves (the ones with the coolest temperatures) are colored magenta because of absorption by sodium and potassium atoms of light in the green portion of the spectrum.[7][8][9]
  • Magenta is a progressive rock band from UK.
  • Magenta symbolizes anti-racism by the Amsterdam-based anti-racism Magenta Foundation.[10][11]
  • In Spain, it is the color of the UPyD party (Union, progress and democracy).

See also


  1. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF00FF (Electric Magenta) :
  2. ^ Bruce MacEvoy. “Light and the Eye”, Handprint. A chart citing R.W.G. Hunt 2004. The Reproduction of Color.
  3. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #CA1F7B (Magenta dye) :
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color, New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 126 Plate 52 Color Sample K12--Magenta
  5. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF0090 (Process Magenta) :
  6. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #FF00FF (Electric Magenta) :
  7. ^ Brown Dwarves
  8. ^ Burrows et al. The theory of brown dwarfs and extrasolar giant planets. Reviews of Modern Physics 2001; 73: 719-65
  9. ^ > "An Artist's View of Brown Dwarf Types" Dr. Robert Hurt of the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center
  10. ^ Magenta Foundation. Organization website.
  11. ^ Coilhouse alternative culture blog interview with Suzette Brunkhorst and Ronald Eissens, directors of the Magenta Foundation:

External links

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also magenta





Proper noun


  1. a town in Northern Italy, site of the Battle of Magenta after which the color magenta was named.

See also


Simple English

This box shows the color magenta.

Magenta is a color in between pink and purple. Sometimes it is confused with pink or purple. In terms of the HSV color wheel, it is the color halfway between red and blue and is composed equally of red and blue (50% red and 50% blue). Another name for magenta is fuchsia, named after the fuchsia flower.

This color is one of the three colors of ink used by an inkjet printer, along with cyan and yellow. The tone of magenta used in printing is called "printer's magenta" and it is shown in the color chart below.

The first recorded use of magenta as a color name in English was in 1860. [1]


Meaning of magenta

  • Like the colors red, pink, and rose, one might use this color to express love because along with those other three colors, it is used to represent Valentine's Day.
  • Many women like to wear clothing in shades of magenta because it is an attractive and vibrant color.
  • The color magenta is used to symbolize anti-racism by the Amsterdam-based anti-racism Magenta Foundation.[2] [3]

Tones of magenta color comparison chart

  • Pink (web color) (Tamarisk) (Hex: #FFCBDB) (RGB: 255, 192, 203)
  • Cotton Candy (Crayola) (Hex: #FFB7D5) (RGB: 255, 183, 213)
  • Carnation Pink (Crayola) (Hex: #FFA6C9) (RGB: 246, 166, 201)
  • Pale Magenta (Light Fuchsia Pink) (Hex: #F984EF) (RGB: 249, 132, 229)
  • Lavender Magenta (web color "violet") (Hex: #EE82EE) (RGB: 238, 130, 238)
  • Pale Plum (web color Plum) (Medium Lavender Magenta) (Hex: #DDA0DD) (RGB: 221, 160, 221)
  • Persian Pink (Hex: #F77FBE) (RGB: 247, 127, 190)
  • Hot Pink (web color) (Hex: #FF69B4) (RGB: 255, 105, 180)
  • Brilliant Rose (Crayola "Magenta") (Hex: #F653A6) (RGB: 246, 83, 166)
  • Deep Pink (web color) (Hex: #FF1493) (RGB: 255, 20, 147)
  • Bright Pink (Rose) (Hex: #FF007F) (RGB: 255, 0, 127)
  • Printer's Magenta (Pigment Magenta) (Process Magenta) (Hex: #FF0090) (RGB: 255, 0, 144)
  • Foobar (Hex: #F00BA4) (RGB: 240, 11, 164)
  • Hollywood Cerise (Fashion Fuchsia) (Hex: #F400A1) (RGB: 244, 0, 161)
  • Persian Rose (Hex: #FE28A2) (RGB: 254, 40, 162)
  • Magenta Rose (Hex: #FF00AF) (RGB: 255, 0, 175)
  • Bright Magenta Rose (Hex: #FC51AF) (RGB: 252, 81, 175)
  • Neon Fuchsia (Hex: #FE59C2) (RGB: 254, 89, 104)
  • Shocking Pink (Hex: #FC0FC0) (RGB: 252, 15, 192)
  • Razzle Dazzle Rose (Crayola) (Hex: #FF33CC) (RGB: 255, 51, 204)
  • Light Magenta (Fuchsia Pink) (Hex: #FF77FF) (RGB: 255, 119, 255)
  • Ultra Pink (aka Crayola "Shocking Pink") (Hex: #FF6FFF) (RGB: 255, 111, 255)
  • Pink Flamingo (Crayola) (Hex: #FF66FF) (RGB: 255, 102, 255)
  • Electric Magenta (web color Fuchsia) (Hex: #FF00FF) (RGB: 255, 0, 255)
  • Hot Magenta (aka Purple Pizzaz) (Crayola) (Hex: #FF00CC) (RGB: 255, 0, 204)
  • MAGENTA (Hex: #ED3CCA) (RGB: 237, 60, 202)
  • Medium Magenta (Pantone Color #226 Magenta) (Hex: #D70270) (RGB: 115, 79, 150)
  • Medium Rich Magenta (Prismacolor PC930 Magenta) (Hex: #C32350) (RGB: 195, 35, 80)
  • Rich Magenta (Magenta Dye) (Original Magenta) (Hex: #CA1F7B) (RGB: 202, 31, 123)
  • Red-Violet (Pigment Purple) (web color Medium Violet Red) (Hex: #C71585) (RGB: 199, 21, 133)
  • Medium Red-Violet (Crayola Red Violet) (Hex: #BB3385) (RGB: 187, 51, 133)
  • Red-Violet Eggplant (Hex: #990066) (RGB: 153, 0, 102)
  • Amaranth Purple (Hex: #9F2B68) (RGB: 159, 43, 104)
  • Jazzberry Jam (Crayola) (Hex: #A50B5E) (RGB: 165, 11, 94)
  • Royal Heath ( Color List) (Hex: #AB3472) (RGB: 171, 52, 114)
  • Royal Fuchsia (Hex: #CA2C92) (RGB: 202, 44, 146)
  • Mulberry (Crayola) (Hex: #C54B8C) (RGB: 197, 75, 140)
  • Fandango (Hex: #B53389) (RGB: 181, 51, 137)
  • Deep Magenta Rose (Hex: #C120A2) (RGB: 193, 32, 162)
  • Byzantine (Hex:BD33A4) (RGB: 189, 51, 164)
  • Orchid (web color) (Hex: #DA70D6) (RGB: 218, 112, 240) (CMYK: 0,49,2,15)
  • Sky Magenta (Medium Lavender Pink) (Hex: #CF71AF) (RGB: 207, 113, 175)
  • Deep Fuchsia (Crayola Fuchsia) (Hex: #C154C1) (RGB: 193, 84, 193)
  • Medium Orchid (web color) (Hex: #BA55D3) (RGB: 183, 85, 211)
  • Antique Fuchsia (Hex: #915C83) (RGB: 145, 92, 131)
  • Violet-Eggplant (Chinese Eggplant) (Hex: #991199) (RGB: 153, 17, 153)
  • Dark Magenta (web color) (Hex: #8B008B) (RGB: 139, 0, 139)
  • Purple (HTML/CSS web color Purple) (Patriarch) (Hex: #800080) (RGB: 128, 0, 128)
  • Plum (Crayola) (Hex: #843179) (RGB: 132, 49, 121)
  • Byzantium (Hex: #702963) (RGB: 112, 41, 99)
  • Palatinate Purple (Hex: #682860) (RGB: 104, 40, 96)
  • Eggplant (Crayola) (Aubergine) (Hex: #664051) (RGB: 97, 64, 81)
  • Dark Byzantium (Hex: #5D3954) (RGB: 93, 57, 84)
  • Purple Taupe (Hex: #50404D) (RGB: 80, 64, 77)
  • Tones of fuchsia color comparison chart

    Although magenta and fuchsia are the same color, the chart below (the colors displayed on which are also shown in the magenta color chart above) shows those tones of magenta which are specifically named fuchsia.

    • Light Fuchsia Pink (Pale Magenta) (Hex: #F984EF) (RGB: 249, 132, 229)
    • Fuchsia Pink (Light Magenta) (Hex: #FF77FF) (RGB: 255, 119, 255)
    • Neon Fuchsia (Hex: #FE59C2) (RGB: 254, 89, 104)
    • Fashion Fuchsia (Hollywood Cerise) (Hex: #F400A1) (RGB: 244, 0, 161)
    • FUCHSIA (web color Fuchsia) (Electric Magenta) (Hex: #FF00FF) (RGB: 255, 0, 255)
    • Royal Fuchsia (Hex: #CA2C92) (RGB: 202, 44, 146)
    • Deep Fuchsia (Crayola Fuchsia) (Hex: #C154C1) (RGB: 193, 84, 193)
    • Antique Fuchsia (Hex: #915C83) (RGB: 145, 92, 131)
    ColorsList of colors
    Cyan Magenta Black Gray Silver White
    Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
    Gold Olive Purple Navy Brown Pink

  • Other pages


    1. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 198 Color Sample of Magenta: Page 127 Plate 52 Color Sample K12 (This shade of magenta is shown above as “Rich Magenta (Magenta Dye)(Original Magenta)”)
    2. Magenta Foundation. Organization website
    3. Coilhouse alternative culture blog interview with Suzette Brunkhorst and Ronald Eissens, directors of the Magenta Foundation:


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