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Magic: The Gathering
Magic: The Gathering card back
Magic: The Gathering's card back design
Designer Richard Garfield
Publisher Wizards of the Coast
Players 2 or more
Age range 13+
Setup time < 2 minutes[note 1]
Playing time ~ 25 minutes[note 2]
Random chance Some
Skills required Card playing
Arithmetic
Reading
Logic
Strategy
Common Sense
.Magic: The Gathering (colloquially "Magic" or "MTG") is a collectible card game created by mathematics professor Richard Garfield and introduced in 1993 by Wizards of the Coast.^ Magic the Gathering is a wonderful game.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic: The Gathering Online development card .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Magic: The Gathering Online computer game .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

.Magic is the first example of the modern collectible card game genre and still thrives today, with an estimated six million players in over seventy countries.^ This is the grandfather of the collectible card game (or CCG ) genre.
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic is the first example of the modern collectible card game genre and still thrives today, with an estimated six million players in over seventy countries.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Deck : The collection of cards a player starts the game with; it becomes that player 's library .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .Magic can be played by two or more players each using a deck of printed cards or a deck of virtual cards through the Internet-based Magic: The Gathering Online or third-party programs.^ Magic the Gathering Online: Magic 2010 (26) .
  • Les actualit�s de Magic the Gathering Online - JeuxOnLine 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.jeuxonline.info [Source type: General]

^ Magic the Gathering Online: Worldwake (17) .
  • Les actualit�s de Magic the Gathering Online - JeuxOnLine 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.jeuxonline.info [Source type: General]

^ How has Magic the Gathering Online changed Magic?
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

.Each game represents a battle between powerful wizards, known as "planeswalkers", who use the magical spells, items, and fantastic creatures depicted on individual Magic cards to defeat their opponents.^ Some creature cards have power and/or toughness represented by a * instead of a number.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a game of Magic , two or more players are engaged in a battle as powerful wizards known as planeswalkers .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Casting a planeswalker as a spell uses the stack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the original concept of the game drew heavily from the motifs of traditional fantasy role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons, the gameplay of Magic bears little resemblance to pencil-and-paper adventure games, while having substantially more cards and more complex rules than many other card games.^ Play " in this sense means to play the Magic game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic , like many other games, combines chance and skill.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ The original set of rules prescribed that all games were to be played for ante .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.An organized tournament system and a community of professional Magic players has developed, as has a secondary market for Magic cards.^ An organized tournament system and a community of professional Magic players has developed; as has a secondary market for Magic cards.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic is the first example of the modern collectible card game genre and still thrives today, with an estimated six million players in over seventy countries.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Many hobby shops offer "Friday Night Magic " tournaments as an entrance to casual competitive play usually organized by a local game store.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.Magic cards can be valuable due to their scarcity and utility in game play.^ Play " in this sense means to play the Magic game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic cards can be valuable due to not only their scarcity, but also their utility in game play and the aesthetic qualities of their artwork.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic is the first example of the modern collectible card game genre and still thrives today, with an estimated six million players in over seventy countries.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

Contents

History

.Richard Garfield, the creator of the game, was a professor at Whitman College in 1993. He worked in his spare time with local volunteer playtesters to help refine the game during the 1993 school year.^ Two full years were spent playtesting and developing the first version of the game - which had, in the process, been renamed to Magic: The Gathering.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A number of game concepts changed during the playtesting.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Richard was a professor of mathematics , with special skills in combinatorics and game theory , and had been applying this to a card game he had been working on, which he had been calling " The Five Magics ".
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Peter Adkison (then CEO of Wizards of the Coast games company) first met with Richard Garfield to discuss Garfield's new game RoboRally.^ Peter Adkison (then CEO of Wizards of the Coast games company) first met with Richard Garfield to discuss Garfield's new game RoboRally .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Richard had presented to Peter this interesting and complex board game, RoboRally .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Wednesday, October 14th, 2009 Wizards of the Coast has announced that the Zendikar Game Day (October 31st) promotional foils will be Nissas Chosen and Emeria Angel .
  • Magic The Gathering | Power 9 Pro - Magic The Gathering Accessories - Tournament Discussion - Deck Analysis 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC power9pro.com [Source type: General]

.Adkison was enthusiastic about the game, but decided that Wizards of the Coast lacked the resources to produce it at that point.^ Adkison was not enthusiastic about the game, as board games are expensive to produce and difficult to market.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Tags: e3 • e3 2004 • card game • cards • interview • magic • multiplayer • strategy • wizards of the coast Extras .
  • Magic: The Gathering Online 2.0 - E3 2004 Developer Interview | SPIKE 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Wizards of the Coast's purchase of TSR , and with it, the Dungeons & Dragons property, has led to some bleed between the games, with artists performing work for both.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.He did enjoy Garfield's ideas and mentioned that he was looking for a portable game that could be played in the downtime that frequently occurs at gaming conventions.^ He did enjoy Garfield's ideas and mentioned that he was looking for a portable game that could be played in the downtime that frequently occurs at gaming conventions .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ A very portable game, that people could play with a minimum of setup, and against other people on a moment's notice.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ It's so rare to have a gorgeous looking, game playing girl in these parts!
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Garfield returned and presented the general outline of the concept of a Trading Card Game.^ Are you looking to get yourself or someone you know into one of the top trading card games of all time?
  • Magic the Gathering Cards - MTG Boxes and Packs - Page 1 | Dave and Adam's Card World 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.dacardworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Basically it’s a trading card game that you get to build your own deck.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

^ Cards are removed from the game for a variety of reasons, but generally cards will only be removed from the game by other cards.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Adkison immediately saw the potential of the game and agreed to produce it.^ Adkison immediately saw the potential of the game and agreed to produce it.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Adkison was not enthusiastic about the game, as board games are expensive to produce and difficult to market.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

[2] After two years of development Magic: The Gathering underwent a general release on 5 August 1993.[3]
.While the game was simply called "Magic" through most of playtesting, when the game had to be officially named, a lawyer informed them that Magic was too generic to be trademarked.^ The game was renamed Magic: The Gathering and underwent a general release on August 5 1993 .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Two full years were spent playtesting and developing the first version of the game - which had, in the process, been renamed to Magic: The Gathering.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Most of the time, the Magic game uses only positive numbers and zero.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Mana Clash" was instead chosen to be the name used in the first solicitation of the game.^ In a multiplayer game using the limited range of influence option , an effect that states that a player wins the game instead causes all of that player 's opponents within his or her range of influence to lose the game .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Counter spells are cost effective and use a low amount of mana, often used early on in the game.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ First, you'll have more mana available to you during the combat itself, to use for special abilities or instants.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

.Everybody involved with the game still called it Magic, though.^ Magic is the first example of the modern collectible card game genre and still thrives today, with an estimated six million players in over seventy countries.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic on line still allows you to get in the game.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

^ Been a Magic player since 96 and stop in 98 but still i love this game.
  • Wagic, Magic the Gathering, and PSP homebrews · Download 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC wololo.net [Source type: General]

.After further consultation with the lawyer it was decided to rename the game to Magic: The Gathering, thus making the name able to be trademarked.^ Magic: The Gathering Online computer game .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Magic: The Gathering, is a collectible card game, that is popular in different regions, around the world ...ic.net/~mccrumb/magic3.htm [Found on Yahoo!

^ DCI : Duelist's Convocation International , the governing body of tournament play in the game of Magic: the Gathering .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[4]
.A patent was granted to Wizards of the Coast in 1997 for "a novel method of game play and game components that in one embodiment are in the form of trading cards" that includes claims covering games whose rules include many of Magic's elements in combination, including concepts such as changing orientation of a game component to indicate use (referred to in the Magic and Vampire: The Eternal Struggle rules as "tapping") and constructing a deck by selecting cards from a larger pool.^ For many years, the action of using an activated ability was referred to on cards as "playing" that ability .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If any rule or ability refers to a player 's planar deck , the communal planar deck is used.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Play " in this sense means to play the Magic game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .The patent has aroused criticism from some observers, who believe some of its claims to be invalid.^ The patent has aroused criticism from some observers, who believe some of its claims to be invalid.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

[6] .In 2003, the patent was an element of a larger legal dispute between Wizards of the Coast and Nintendo, regarding trade secrets related to Nintendo's Pokémon Trading Card Game.^ In 2003, the patent was an element of a larger legal dispute between Wizards of the Coast and Nintendo , regarding trade secrets related to Nintendo's Pokémon Trading Card Game .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ However, it is a trading card game.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Main article: Collectible card game#Patent A patent was granted to Wizards of the Coast in 1997 for "a novel method of game play and game components that in one embodiment are in the form of trading cards" that includes claims covering games whose rules include many of Magic's elements in combination, including concepts such as changing orientation of a game component to indicate use (referred to in the Magic and Vampire: The Eternal Struggle rules as "tapping") and constructing a deck by selecting cards from a larger pool.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.The legal action was settled out of court, and its terms were not disclosed.^ The legal action was settled out of court, and its terms were not disclosed.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

[7]
The success of the initial edition prompted a reissue later in 1993, along with expansions to the game. .Arabian Nights was released as the first expansion in December 1993. New expansions and revisions of the base game ("Core Sets") have since been released on a regular basis, amounting to four releases a year.^ It was released in December of 1993, sold just as well as the Unlimited set.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ On October 21, Magic: The Gathering and video game fans worldwide can play with new decks, experience never before seen challenges, and battle new adversaries, on Xbox LIVE Arcade with the first expansion for Magic: The Gathering – Duels of the Planeswalkers.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ Since 1993, there are over 20 sets and a total of 89 different sets and the entire game has well over 1000 different types of cards.
  • [Planning] Magic The Gathering NeoWiki - NeoWiki Requests and Planning - Neoseeker Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.neoseeker.com [Source type: General]

[note .3] While the essence of the game has always stayed the same, the rules of Magic have undergone three major revisions with the release of the Revised Edition in 1994, Classic Edition in 1999, and Magic 2010 in July 2009.[8] With the release of the Eighth Edition in 2003, Magic also received a major visual redesign.^ Instead of a more traditional game, where the rules are clear and all the pieces known beforehand, Magic keeps players on their toes.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Tuesday, January 12, 2010 We continue to count down the Top 10 Magic cards of 2009 .
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ Wednesday, January 6, 2010 We continue to count down the Top 10 Magic cards of 2009 .
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

.In 1996, Wizards of the Coast established the "Pro Tour",[9] a circuit of tournaments where players can compete for sizable cash prizes over the course of a single weekend-long tournament.^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ On top of that it’s very relevant to long time magic players because they want to know what’s going to be legal in Standard tournaments.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

^ Pro players are guys who have sort of arranged their lives so that they can go play in these professional tournaments and win prize money.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

.In 2009 the top prize is US$40,000.[10] Sanctioned through The DCI, the tournaments added an element of prestige to the game by virtue of the cash payouts and media coverage from within the community.^ Tournament Rules : Additional rules that apply to games played in a DCI-sanctioned tournament .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DCI : Duelist's Convocation International , the governing body of tournament play in the game of Magic: the Gathering .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Tuesday, January 12, 2010 We continue to count down the Top 10 Magic cards of 2009 .
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

.As of 2009 Wizards of the Coast has given out more than $30,000,000 in prizes at various professional tournaments, including Pro Tours, Grand Prixs, and National championships.^ This is the format that makes the money for Wizards of the Coast , so they run large events such as the Grand Prix and the Pro Tour , where professional players can make large sums of money.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Wednesday, October 14th, 2009 Wizards of the Coast has announced that the Zendikar Game Day (October 31st) promotional foils will be Nissas Chosen and Emeria Angel .
  • Magic The Gathering | Power 9 Pro - Magic The Gathering Accessories - Tournament Discussion - Deck Analysis 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC power9pro.com [Source type: General]

^ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Last Friday, Wizards of the Coast gave us a couple of handfuls of Zendikar Spoiler cards (below).
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

[11]
While unofficial methods of online play existed previously,[note 4] Magic Online ("MTGO" or "Modo"), an official online version of the game, was released in 2002. A new, updated version of Magic Online was released in April 2008.[12]

Reception

.Magic was an immediate success for Wizards of the Coast.^ Tags: e3 • e3 2004 • card game • cards • interview • magic • multiplayer • strategy • wizards of the coast Extras .
  • Magic: The Gathering Online 2.0 - E3 2004 Developer Interview | SPIKE 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Wizards of the Coast sent us a press release detailing their plans in 2010 for Magic on the Xbox, PS3, and PC. More details in Today's News .
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ Friday, July 3, 2009 The folks at Wizards of the Coast were kind enough to give us an exclusive card to preview from the forthcoming Magic 2010 set.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

.Early on they were even reluctant to advertise the game as they couldn't keep up with the existing demand.^ In the UK when I advertised in newspapers I was always given credit automatically even if they didn't know who the hell I was.
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They could not stick with their initial plan, to finish this printing, and create a new version of the game with new cards, when it was clear such a demand was forming.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ They still had the majority of the first 2.5 million cards when they arrived at the convention, and set up a small booth to demo the game and encourage play.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[13] .Initially Magic attracted many Dungeons & Dragons players,[13] but the following included all types of other people as well.^ The other zones are shared by all players .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the original concept of the game drew heavily from the motifs of traditional fantasy role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons , the gameplay of Magic bears little resemblance to pencil-and-paper adventure games, while having substantially more cards and more complex rules than many other card games.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ As a player declares attackers, he or she may declare that one or more attacking creatures with banding and up to one attacking creature without banding (even if it has "bands with other") are all in a "band."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .The success of the game quickly led to the creation of similar games by other companies as well as Wizards of the Coast themselves.^ Wednesday, October 14th, 2009 Wizards of the Coast has announced that the Zendikar Game Day (October 31st) promotional foils will be Nissas Chosen and Emeria Angel .
  • Magic The Gathering | Power 9 Pro - Magic The Gathering Accessories - Tournament Discussion - Deck Analysis 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC power9pro.com [Source type: General]

^ Tags: e3 • e3 2004 • card game • cards • interview • magic • multiplayer • strategy • wizards of the coast Extras .
  • Magic: The Gathering Online 2.0 - E3 2004 Developer Interview | SPIKE 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Wizards of the Coast's purchase of TSR , and with it, the Dungeons & Dragons property, has led to some bleed between the games, with artists performing work for both.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

While TSR's Spellfire did not become very popular Wizards of the Coast tried to follow up Magic's success with Jyhad, a game about modern-day vampires. .Other similar games included Trading Card Games based on Star Trek and Star Wars.^ However, it is a trading card game.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Magewars Card Game Join other fun geeks in a Battle Royale to the death...
  • Magic: The Gathering Meetup Groups - Magic: The Gathering Meetups 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC mtg.meetup.com [Source type: General]

^ In multiplayer Planar Magic games other than Grand Melee games, plane cards are exempt from the limited range of influence option .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]

Awards

  • 1994: Mensa Select Award winner[15]
  • 1994: Origins Awards for Best Fantasy or Science Fiction Board game of 1993 and Best Graphic Presentation of a Board game of 1993[16]
  • 1994: Origins Award for the Legends expansion as Best Game Accessory[15]
  • 1995: Italian Gaming Society Gioco dell'Anno award winner[15]
  • 1996: Super As d'Or award for "Best New Game Concept and Genre Introduced in France"[15]
  • 1997: InQuest Fan Award for Best CCG Expansion for the Weatherlight expansion[15]
  • 1998 Origins Award for the Urza's Saga expansion as Collectable Card Game Expansion of the Year[17]
  • 1999: Inducted alongside Richard Garfield into the Origins Hall of Fame[17]
  • 2003: Games Magazine selected Magic for its Games Hall of Fame
  • 2005 Origins Award for the Ravnica: City of Guilds expansion as Collectable Card Game Expansion of the Year
.In addition several individuals including Richard Garfield and Donato Giancola won personal awards for their contributions to Magic.^ Many multiplayer Magic tournaments have additional rules not included here, including rules for deck construction.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic The Gathering Background Information: Magic the Gathering is a TCG (Trading Card Game) that was created by Richard Garfield and started in 1993 by Wizards of the Coast.
  • [Planning] Magic The Gathering NeoWiki - NeoWiki Requests and Planning - Neoseeker Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.neoseeker.com [Source type: General]

[15]

Gameplay

Magic: The Gathering cards of various types and colors.
.In a game of Magic, two or more players are engaged in a battle as powerful wizards called "planeswalkers". A player starts the game with twenty "life points" and loses when he or she is reduced to zero or less.^ If a player has ten or more poison counters , he or she loses the game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a team 's life total is 0 or less, the team loses the game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each player starts the game at 20 life.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Players lose life when they are dealt "damage" by being attacked with summoned creatures or when spells or other cards cause them to lose life directly.^ Each 1 damage that would be dealt to the "shielded" creature or player is prevented.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A creature can attack a player or a planeswalker .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A creature is attacking alone if it's attacking but no other creatures are.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although reducing an opponent to zero life is the most common way of ending a game, a player also loses if he or she must draw from an empty deck (called the "library" during the game).^ Deck : The collection of cards a player starts the game with; it becomes that player 's library .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are several ways to lose the game .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each player starts the game at 20 life.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.In addition, some cards specify other ways to win or lose the game.^ So a card with Threshold - You win the game.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ All other rules for winning and losing the game also apply.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are several ways to win the game .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.Players begin the game with seven cards in hand.^ A player 's maximum hand size is seven, as modified by the hand modifier of his or her vanguard card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each player draws a hand of seven cards , as modified by the hand modifier of his or her vanguard card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That player starts the game with a hand of 9 cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .The two basic card types in Magic are "spells" and "lands". Lands provide "mana", or magical energy, which is used as magical fuel when the player attempts to cast spells.^ If a player taps lands for mana while casting a spell , the additional mana is added to the player 's mana pool immediately and can be used to pay for the spell .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Casting a planeswalker as a spell uses the stack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (For noncopy spells , that's the player who cast it.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Players may only play one land per turn.^ A player can't play a land , for any reason, if it isn't his or her turn.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Artifact lands can only be played as lands .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A player may normally play only one land during his or her turn; however, continuous effects may increase this number.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More powerful spells generally cost more mana, so as the game progresses and more mana becomes available, the quantity and relative power of the spells played tends to increase.^ The game is more fun when you can play your spells.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

^ Generic mana in costs can be paid with any type of mana .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And 4 spells cost five mana to cast.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

.Some spells also require the payment of additional resources, such as cards in play or life points.^ Some spells have additional or alternative costs .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some spells and abilities have additional costs .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Playing a card " means playing that card as a land or casting that card as a spell , whichever is appropriate.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Spells come in several varieties: "sorceries" and "instants" have a single, one-time effect before they go to the "graveyard" (discard pile); "enchantments" and "artifacts" are "permanents" that remain in play after being cast to provide a lasting magical effect; creature spells summon monsters that can attack and damage an opponent.^ FIVE damage for an artifact that cost 2 to play.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a permanent is both an artifact and an enchantment , it will become an " artifact enchantment creature ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The set Lorwyn introduced the new "planeswalker" card type, which represent powerful allies who fight with their own magic abilities depending on their loyalty to the player who summoned them.^ Normally, only planeswalkers have loyalty abilities .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each card type has its own rules.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Planeswalker : A card type .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Spells can be of more than one type.^ If a player 's nearest opponent to the right is more than one seat away, the player can't attack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If an effect performs a comparison involving multiple characteristics of one or more split cards in any zone other than the stack , each characteristic is compared separately.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If an effect changes a land 's subtype to one or more of the basic land types , the land no longer has its old land type .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .For example, an "artifact creature" has all the benefits and drawbacks of being both an artifact and a creature.^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: An effect that reads "All noncreature artifacts become 2/2 artifact creatures until end of turn" is both a type-changing effect and a power - and toughness -setting effect .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a permanent is both an artifact and an enchantment , it will become an " artifact enchantment creature ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some spells have effects that override normal game rules.^ Some one-shot effects create a delayed triggered ability , which instructs a player to do something later in the game (usually at a specific time) rather than as the spell or ability that's creating the one-shot effect resolves .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some continuous effects affect game rules rather than objects .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some effects allow a player to cast a copy of a card ; if the player does, that copy is a spell as well.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "Golden Rules of Magic" state that "Whenever a card's text directly contradicts the rules, the card takes precedence."^ When a rule or text on a card refers to a " card ," it means a Magic card with a Magic card front and a Magic card back.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whenever a card 's text directly contradicts these rules, the card takes precedence.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rules Text : A characteristic that defines a card 's abilities .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .This allows Wizards of the Coast great flexibility in creating cards, but can cause problems when attempting to reconcile a card with the rules (or two cards with each other).^ Wednesday, January 20, 2010 The folks at Wizards of the Coast were kind enough to give us a few cards to preview from the forthcoming Worldwake expansion.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ It represents two static abilities : one that functions while the card is in a player 's graveyard and the other that functions while the card is on the stack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Casting and resolving a tribal card follows the rules for casting and resolving a card of the other card type .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Comprehensive Rules, a detailed rulebook,[22] exists to clarify these conflicts.

Deck construction

.Each player needs a deck to play a game of Magic.^ Play " in this sense means to play the Magic game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The game consists of a lore type gameplay where players have a deck of 60 cards or more and battle each other till the other opponent loses all their life.
  • [Planning] Magic The Gathering NeoWiki - NeoWiki Requests and Planning - Neoseeker Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.neoseeker.com [Source type: General]

^ On October 21, Magic: The Gathering and video game fans worldwide can play with new decks, experience never before seen challenges, and battle new adversaries, on Xbox LIVE Arcade with the first expansion for Magic: The Gathering – Duels of the Planeswalkers.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

.Beginners often start with an initial "Intro Pack", which can then be modified using cards from "booster packs". In most tournament formats, decks are required to be a minimum of sixty cards, with no upper limit.^ Constructed Formats A constructed deck needs a minimum of sixty cards, with an optional fifteen-card sideboard.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ It will be available in booster packs, intro packs, and fat packs.
  • M T G C I T Y.com - Magic: the Gathering Decks, Singles, Forums, Articles, Strategy, Books. 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC mtgcity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the most important card in this deck.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

.Players may use no more than four copies of any named card, with the exception of "basic lands", which act as a standard resource in Magic.^ A constructed deck may contain any number of basic land cards and no more than four of any card with a particular English name other than basic land cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The basic resources of the Magic the Gathering game: Lands.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ The active player may play a land .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both these rules are loosened in "limited" tournament formats, where a small number of cards are opened for play from booster packs or tournament packs, with a minimum deck size of forty cards and no "four of" rule.^ Limitation number 1 : draw 1 card .
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ These cards are the core of the deck.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ There is no maximum deck size.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Depending on the type of play, some cards have been "restricted" (the card is limited to a single copy per deck) or "banned" (the card is no longer legal for tournament play).^ Type 1.5 is Type I , but all of the cards that are restricted in Type I are just outright banned, instead.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Some cards are necessary and too important to ban them.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Some tribal cards can enter the battlefield and some can't, depending on their other card types .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .These limitations are usually for power reasons, but have been occasionally made because of gameplay mechanics.^ The reason is because there is no Power 9 or Mana Drain to fuel all those high casting cost and powerful spells.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

[24]
.Deck building requires much strategy as players must choose among thousands of cards which they want to play.^ Much of the Deck Manipulation cards cost only 1 mana to play.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ I can build limitless decks with any cards I want.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Friday Night Magic Friday Night Magic gives players in a growing number of countries the ability to play in a weekly event, and have a shot at cool prize cards in the process.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

.This requires players to evaluate the power of their cards, as well as the possible synergies between them, and their possible interactions with the cards they expect to play against.^ Opponent : Someone a player is playing against.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have powerful card engines.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ So, play your cards well.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

[25] .The choice of cards is usually narrowed by the player deciding which colors they want to include in the deck.^ I can build limitless decks with any cards I want.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ The game consists of a lore type gameplay where players have a deck of 60 cards or more and battle each other till the other opponent loses all their life.
  • [Planning] Magic The Gathering NeoWiki - NeoWiki Requests and Planning - Neoseeker Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.neoseeker.com [Source type: General]

This decision is a key part of creating a deck. .In general, reducing the number of colors used increases the statistical likelihood of drawing the lands needed to cast one's spells while a player utilizing more colors has access to a greater arsenal of cards.^ "Playing a card " means playing that card as a land or casting that card as a spell , whichever is appropriate.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only way for him to draw 3 cards is for you to cast spells also.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ A player may cast a spell if he or she has priority .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Colors of Magic

.Most spells come in one of five colors.^ An object can be one or more of the five colors , or it can be no color at all.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: One player in a Two-Headed Giant game controls Teferi's Moat, which says "As Teferi's Moat comes into play , choose a color ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each creature tapped this way reduces the cost to cast this spell by {1} or by one mana of any of that creature 's colors ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .The colors can be seen on the back of the cards, in a pentagonal design, called the "Color Wheel". Clockwise from the top, they are: white, blue, black, red, and green (respectively abbreviated W, U, B, R, and G[note 5]).^ Any other examples where any player may choose to take damage to not allow a player to gain anything, should be taken white (If white's enemies black or red are to gain).
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Black has little chance to keep an enchantment out with both white and green as enemies.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ There are six types of mana : white, blue, black, red, green, and colorless .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To play a spell of a given color, at least one mana of that color is required.^ For older cards, it'll say that it adds one of a certain color of mana to your pool.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ You can only play one land per turn, but otherwise you can play any number of spells.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A spell whose mana cost is {0} must still be cast the same way as one with a cost greater than zero; it won't cast itself automatically.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This mana is normally generated by a basic land: plains for white, island for blue, swamp for black, mountain for red, and forest for green.^ There are six types of mana : white, blue, black, red, green, and colorless .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: A deck has a white-blue general .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Basic Land Type : There are five " basic land types ": Plains , Island , Swamp , Mountain , and Forest .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The balances and distinctions among the five colors form one of the defining aspects of the game.^ An object can be one or more of the five colors , or it can be no color at all.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: One player in a Two-Headed Giant game controls Teferi's Moat, which says "As Teferi's Moat comes into play , choose a color ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a player is asked to choose a color , he or she must choose one of the five colors .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each color has strengths and weaknesses based on the "style" of magic it represents.^ Every color has its strengths and weaknesses, so the mana cost of certain abilities varies.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

[27]
.
  • White is the color of order, equality, righteousness, healing, law, community, peace, absolutism/totalitarianism, and light, although not necessarily "good". White's strengths are a roster of small creatures that are strong if used together in groups; protecting those creatures with enchantments; gaining life; preventing damage to creatures or players; imposing restrictions on players; destroying artifacts and enchantments; and the ability to "equalize" the playing field.^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If any rule or ability refers to a player 's planar deck , the communal planar deck is used.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Damage , loss of life , and gaining life happen to each player individually.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .White creatures are known for their "Protection" from various other colors or even types of card, rendering them nearly impervious to harm from those colors or cards.^ Creature : A card type .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Other colors do creature removal in other ways.
    • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Hope the further rules will be implemented like the creature protection avoid to be blocked by the indicate colors, the persist abilities and some creatures complicated skill like Dwarven warriors… .
    • Wagic, Magic the Gathering, and PSP homebrews · Download 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC wololo.net [Source type: General]

    .Numerous white creatures also have "First Strike," "Lifelink," and "Vigilance". White's weaknesses include a focus on creatures and the fact that many of its most powerful spells affect all players equally.
  • Blue is the color of intellect, reason, illusion, logic, knowledge, manipulation, and trickery, as well as the classical elements of air and water.^ First Strike damage is logically dealt first.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Creatures of the water and the air are blue, including creatures of those elements themselves.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This includes both damage to creatures and players.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    .Blue's cards are best at letting a player draw additional cards; permanently taking control of an opponent's cards; returning cards to their owner's hands; and countering spells.^ To discard a card , move it from its owner 's hand to that player 's graveyard .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then, both players draw 7 cards.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Dredge : A keyword ability that lets a player return a card from his or her graveyard to his or her hand .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Blue's creatures tend to be weaker than creatures of other colors, but commonly have abilities and traits which make them difficult to damage or block, particularly "Flying" and to a lesser extent "Shroud". Blue's weaknesses include having trouble permanently dealing with spells that have already been played, the reactive nature of most of its spells, and the fact that its creatures tend to be comparatively inefficient.
  • Black is the color of power, ambition, greed, death, corruption, and amorality, although not necessarily "evil". Black cards are best at destroying creatures, forcing players to discard cards from their hand, making players lose life, and returning creatures from the dead.^ In the hidden information that is the other player’s hand.
    • Magic the Gathering: Mindbusters Variant « Nerd Wisdom 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC nerdwisdom.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Force of Will is the most important blue card in Vintage and Legacy.
    • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Play this card well, you can find yourself dealing more than 7 damage.
    • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

    .Furthermore, because Black seeks to win at all costs, it has limited access to many abilities or effects that are normally available only to one of the other colors; but these abilities are disproportionately expensive, often requiring the sacrifice of life, creatures, or other resources.^ These effects are applied after all other continuous effects have been applied.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Abilities of all other objects usually function only while that object is on the battlefield .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Effects that remove an ability remove all instances of it.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Black is known for having creatures with the ability "Fear", making them difficult to block.^ An ability that reads "Whenever [this creature ] blocks a creature , .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A creature with fear can't be blocked except by artifact creatures and/or black creatures .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Fear A creature with Fear can only be blocked by black or artifact creatures.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    .Lesser black abilities include "Deathtouch" and "Regeneration". Black's main weaknesses are an almost complete inability to deal with enchantments and artifacts, its tendency to hurt itself almost as badly as it hurts the opponent, and difficulties in removing other Black creatures.^ Example: Wojek Apothecary has an ability that says "{T}: Prevent the next 1 damage that would be dealt to target creature and each other creature that shares a color with it this turn."
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Once an attacking band has been announced, it lasts for the rest of combat, even if something later removes banding or "bands with other" from one or more of the creatures in the band.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [28]
  • .
  • Red is the color of freedom, chaos, passion, creativity, impulse, fury, warfare, lightning, the classical element of fire, and the non-living geological aspects of the classical element earth.^ Its natural opponents are blue (the ethereal/the natural) and black (death/life) Red - Red is the color of fire, of chaos.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Red commands the forces of fire and lightning, able to send those forces to do damage to a target.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Creatures born of fire, and living in chaos will usually be red, such as orcs and dwarves.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    [29] .Red's strengths include destroying opposing lands and artifacts, sacrificing permanent resources for temporary but great power, and playing spells that deal damage to creatures or players.^ Artifact lands can only be played as lands .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A creature 's power is the amount of damage it deals in combat.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Red has a wide array of creatures, but with the exception of the extremely powerful dragons, most of them are fast and weak, or unbalanced with strong power and weak toughness, rendering them more easily destroyed.^ Power and toughness are characteristics only creatures have.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ To determine a creature 's power and toughness , start with the numbers printed in its lower right corner, then apply any applicable continuous effects .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Example: An effect that reads "All noncreature artifacts become 2/2 artifact creatures until end of turn" is both a type-changing effect and a power - and toughness -setting effect .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Some of Red's cards can turn against or hurt their owner in return for being more powerful for their cost.^ If the creature 's color is later changed to red ( layer 5), Crusade's effect stops applying to it, and it will return to being 2/2.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Moreover, we can see that some of the cards are just more useful that others in this deck.
    • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Ninjutsu [ cost ]" means "[ Cost ], Reveal this card from your hand , Return an unblocked creature you control to its owner 's hand : Put this card onto the battlefield from your hand tapped and attacking."
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Red also shares the trickery theme with Blue and can temporarily steal opponents' creatures or divert spells, although generally not permanently.^ Its natural opponents are blue (the ethereal/the natural) and black (death/life) Red - Red is the color of fire, of chaos.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If a face-up permanent is turned face down by a spell or ability , it becomes a 2/2 face-down creature with no text, no name , no subtypes , no expansion symbol , and no mana cost .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Control Magic , instead of just temporarily taking your opponent's creature for the game, would permanently take it.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    .Many of Red's most famous creatures have the "Haste" trait, which lets them attack and use many abilities earlier.^ Vigilance : A keyword ability that lets a creature attack without tapping.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Double Strike : A keyword ability that lets a creature deal its combat damage twice.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If the source of an ability that refers to a defending player is an attacking creature , it will usually refer to the player it's attacking or the controller of the planeswalker it's attacking.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The ability to raise a creature's power temporarily is also common among Red's creatures.^ Creatures all share one other common trait; some number for power and toughness.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This means that the ability can target a creature with protection from red and deal 2 damage to that creature .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Champion, Championed : "Champion" is a keyword ability that lets one creature temporarily replace another.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Red's weaknesses include its inability to destroy enchantments, the self-destructive nature of many of its spells, and the way in which it trades early-game speed at the cost of late-game staying power.^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The currently resolving spell or ability then continues to resolve , which may include casting other spells this way.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Each creature tapped this way reduces the cost to cast this spell by {1} or by one mana of any of that creature 's colors ."
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Red also has the vast majority of cards that involve random chance.
  • Green is the color of life, instinct, nature, reality, evolution, ecology and interdependence.^ Its natural opponents are green (the natural/the ethereal) and red (fire/water) Green - Green is the color of life, of nature .
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Its natural opponents are green (life/death) and white (good/evil) Blue - Blue is the color of water and air, and of magic itself.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Its natural opponents are blue (the ethereal/the natural) and black (death/life) Red - Red is the color of fire, of chaos.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    .Green has a large number of creatures, which tend to be the largest in the game for their cost.^ Destroy all artifacts and creatures with converted mana cost equal to that number.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If an effect requires information from the game (such as the number of creatures on the battlefield ), the answer is determined only once, when the effect is applied.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Power and toughness can be modified by a large number of spells and enchantments, so don't always expect your big angry monster to remain big and angry the entire game.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    Many of its spells make them stronger temporarily. .It can also destroy artifacts and enchantments, increase a player's life total, get extra mana sources into play, and produce the other four colors of mana.^ When an effect produces mana , that mana goes into a player 's mana pool .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Someone plays a spell that destroys all artifacts , creatures , and enchantments .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Example: A player controls Seal of Cleansing, an enchantment that reads, " Sacrifice Seal of Cleansing: Destroy target artifact or enchantment ."
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Green creatures often have "Trample," an ability which lets them deal attack damage to an opponent if blocked by a weaker creature.^ The blocking creature will deal 1 damage after the first 2 damage, so both creatures will die.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ First Strike Basically, when the creature is blocked or blocking another creature, it will deal damage first.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ So, if a creature with Banding blocks a band, then each player decides how their opponent's creatures will deal damage.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    Green's weaknesses include its difficulty destroying creatures directly; a distinct shortage of flying creatures (though some of its creatures have "Reach", making them able to block flying creatures), and having few strategic options besides ovewhelming the opponent with large and numerous creatures.
.The colors adjacent to each other on the pentagon are "allied" and often have similar, complementary abilities.^ When the ability resolves , it gives the target creature and each other creature on the battlefield that shares a color with it at that time a shield preventing the next 1 damage that would be dealt to it.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: Wojek Apothecary has an ability that says "{T}: Prevent the next 1 damage that would be dealt to target creature and each other creature that shares a color with it this turn."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, Blue has a relatively large number of flying creatures, which it shares with White and Black, which are next to it.^ The game itself is based around 5 elements, each being named after a color; White, Red, Black, Blue, and Green.
  • [Planning] Magic The Gathering NeoWiki - NeoWiki Requests and Planning - Neoseeker Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.neoseeker.com [Source type: General]

^ Any other examples where any player may choose to take damage to not allow a player to gain anything, should be taken white (If white's enemies black or red are to gain).
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Blue should desire to have their white ally die first before black, but to win unconditionally has to lose both allies before killing the last opponent, this is very difficult for Blue.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The two non-adjacent colors to a particular color are "enemy" colors, and are thematically opposed.^ I've noticed that if every player plays with their creatures having protection from their two enemy colors, (land)walk , and fear , game play is not as fun.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.For instance, Red tends to be very aggressive, while White and Blue are often more defensive in nature.^ Its natural opponents are green (life/death) and white (good/evil) Blue - Blue is the color of water and air, and of magic itself.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Blue should desire to have their white ally die first before black, but to win unconditionally has to lose both allies before killing the last opponent, this is very difficult for Blue.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ There are five colors of mana : white, blue, black, red, and green.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Research and Development (R&D) team at Wizards of the Coast seeks to balance power and abilities among the five colors by using the "Color Pie" to define the colors' differences.^ Wizards of the Coast development team .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Wizards of the  Coast development team .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ I have seen many different ideas as of how to use green to its best of abilities, all seemingly able to work just as equally well as any other.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[30] .This guideline lays out the capabilities, themes, and mechanics of each color and allows for every color to have its own distinct attributes and gameplay.^ Optional Dilemma : Black and Red are the devious colors, for added fun I suggest allowing these two colors to fight it out if they are remaining two colors.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The Color Pie is used to ensure new cards are thematically in the correct color and do not infringe on the territory of other colors.^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ In the process, they made a few minor corrections to cards, added another version of the basic land cards with new artwork , and added a couple cards that were accidentally left out.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The spell doesn't gain any other characteristics ( name , mana cost , color , supertypes , card types , subtypes , etc.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Multi-color cards were introduced in the Legends set and typically use a gold frame to distinguish them from mono-color cards.^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Type 1.X (also known as Extended ): Extended lets you use any card from 6th Edition or newer, as far as base sets go, and from any expansion from Tempest on.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Most multicolored cards are printed with a gold frame, but this is not a requirement for a card to be multicolored .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .These cards require mana from two or more different colors to be played and count as each of the colors used to play them.^ Put in colors on mana cards .
    • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ An object with two or more different colored mana symbols in its mana cost is each of the colors of those mana symbols .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ These symbols are used to represent colored mana , and also to represent colored mana in costs .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Multi-color cards tend to combine the philosophy and mechanics of all the colors used in the spell's cost.^ He is extremely useful in a lot of combination of cards.
    • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Each spell has all the characteristics of the card associated with it.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    .More recently, two-color "hybrid" cards that can be paid with either of the card's colors (as opposed to requiring both) were introduced in the Ravnica set, and appeared extensively throughout the Shadowmoor and Eventide sets.^ Multicolored : An object with two or more colors is multicolored.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You'll be able to tell what's a basic land and what's not because the more recent basic lands have a big mana symbol in place of any card text.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Either later today or tomorrow I’ll update to a more recent firmware and see if I get a better result.
    • Wagic, Magic the Gathering, and PSP homebrews · Download 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC wololo.net [Source type: General]

    .Hybrid cards are distinguished by a gradient frame with those two colors.^ Because in one of the games I played, those two cards were in the same pack.
    • Magic the Gathering: Mindbusters Variant « Nerd Wisdom 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC nerdwisdom.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These cards either have the specified guild's exclusive mechanic or somehow relate to the two colors associated with that guild.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Flip Cards : Cards with a two-part card frame (one part of which is printed upside down) on a single card .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Multi-color cards tend to be proportionally more powerful compared to single-color or hybrid cards, as requiring multiple colors of mana makes them harder to cast.
  • Cards which are not one of the five colors are colorless, and most often appear in the form of Lands and Artifacts.^ An object can be one or more of the five colors , or it can be no color at all.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most artifacts have no colored mana symbols in their mana costs , and are therefore colorless .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hybrid mana symbols are also colored mana symbols .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Unlike the five colors, Colorless cards do not have a specific personality or style of play.^ A card may be included in an EDH deck only if each mana symbol contained within its mana cost or rules text is colorless or is a color or colors that's in the general 's mana cost .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However, there is no correlation between being colorless and being an artifact : artifacts may be colored, and colorless objects may be card types other than artifact .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The person going first puts a plane card in play, and this plane effects all players on the field.
    • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

    .Sometimes, colorless cards will imitate the mechanics of a particular color, though in a less-efficient manner than a similar colored card.^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Cascade " means "When you cast this spell , exile cards from the top of your library until you exile a nonland card whose converted mana cost is less than this spell 's converted mana cost .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It's easier to explain how the card text works in individual card types than it is as a whole, though, so here we go!
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    Often colorless cards are linked to one or more colors via their abilities, through story references, or through flavor text on the cards themselves.

Luck vs. skill

.Magic, like many other games, combines chance and skill.^ In multiplayer Planar Magic games other than Grand Melee games, plane cards are exempt from the limited range of influence option .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic has been known by nicknames, such as " Tragic: The Addiction ", and with pejorative terms such as "cardboard crack " due to the fact that many players have found the game quite addictive.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A. The Magic Gaming Girl Limited Edition GeekGold (MGG GG) looks and functions like any other GeekGold, but it has a special significance attached to it that could make it highly valuable for collectors.
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One frequent complaint about the game involves the notion that there is too much luck involved, especially concerning too much land (mana flood) or too little (mana screw).^ I find it odd that, although there is certainly information about M:tG in this node, none of it really explains how the game works, or, more specifically, how to play it.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Example: An enchantment reads, "Whenever a player taps a land for mana , that player adds one mana of that type to his or her mana pool ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, it's one of the first games to be strongly affected by internet access - so much that there's a term, the dojo effect , used to describe any game that is changed from widespread and quick access to large amounts of information about a game on the internet.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[31] .Especially early in the game, too much or too little land can ruin a player's chance at victory without the player having made a mistake.^ If the previous game was a draw , the player who made the choice in that game gets to make the choice in this game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: In a Two-Headed Giant game, a player controls Transcendence, which reads, in part, " You don't lose the game for having 0 or less life ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a player leaves the game during his or her turn, that turn continues to its completion without an active player .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This in-game statistical variance can be minimized by proper deck construction, as an appropriate land count can reduce mana problems.^ For every 2 non-land mana source, reduce 1 land count .
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ It loses all abilities generated from its rules text and its old land types , and it gains the appropriate mana ability for each new basic land type .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A basic land card may be included in an EDH deck only if it could produce a color of mana that's in the general 's mana cost .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The standard land count in most 60-card decks ranges from 20 to 28, although the use of special spells or lands and the relative costs of the main spells within the deck can substantially increase or decrease the number of lands required.^ Cascade " means "When you cast this spell , exile cards from the top of your library until you exile a nonland card whose converted mana cost is less than this spell 's converted mana cost .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Playing a card " means playing that card as a land or casting that card as a spell , whichever is appropriate.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a spell or ability creates an effect that prevents damage that would be dealt to a creature or player , it can affect only creatures and players within the spell or ability 's controller 's range of influence .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other cards can minimize the player's dependence on mana.^ It represents two static abilities : one that functions while the card is in a player 's graveyard and the other that functions while the card is on the stack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Split second " means "As long as this spell is on the stack , players can't cast other spells or activate abilities that aren't mana abilities ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can't look at face-down cards in any other zone or face-down spells or permanents controlled by another player .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]
.A "mulligan" rule was later introduced into the game, first informally in casual play and then in the official game rules.^ It can be played later game and still be useful, e.g.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ Participants can play whenever they like, but only the first five matches count towards their game record.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ (In a multiplayer game , a player 's first mulligan is for the same number of cards as he or she had before.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The modern "Paris mulligan" allows players to shuffle an unsatisfactory opening hand back into the deck at the start of the game, draw a new hand with one fewer card, and repeat until satisfied.^ Players select cards from their own collection , and combine them into a deck .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ It allows you to get all the cards you lost back into your library, where you draw them all one by one.
  • Magic the Gathering: Mindbusters Variant « Nerd Wisdom 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC nerdwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the most important card in this deck.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

.In multiplayer, a player may take one mulligan without penalty, while subsequent mulligans will still cost one card.^ You may cast that card without paying its mana cost .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A player who is dissatisfied with his or her initial hand may take a mulligan .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the player takes a mulligan , he or she draws a new hand of 8 cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.[33] The original mulligan allowed a player a single redraw of seven new cards if that player's initial hand contained seven or zero lands.^ A player 's maximum hand size is seven, as modified by the hand modifier of his or her vanguard card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he has zero card in hand, and you have SmallPox.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ A player who is dissatisfied with his or her initial hand may mulligan .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A variation of this rule is still used in some casual play circles and in multiplayer formats on Magic Online, and allows a single "free" redraw of seven new cards if a player's initial hand contains seven, six, one or zero lands.^ A player 's maximum hand size is seven, as modified by the hand modifier of his or her vanguard card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emperor Variant : A multiplayer variant played among three- player teams .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some casual variants use the command zone .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]

Gambling

.The original set of rules prescribed that all games were to be played for ante.^ Alternatively, a software package with printed game rules has been available both as an independant product and as part of the  Eighth Edition and Ninth Edition box set.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ The Set Symbol is not usually that important in the game, barring a few cards from older sets and a few more from Unhinged , but it is important for tournament play.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Playing Magic games for ante is now considered an optional variation on the game, and it's allowed only where it's not forbidden by law or by other rules.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each player would remove a card at random from the deck they wished to play with and the two cards would be set aside.^ Then each player shuffles the remaining 99 cards of his or her deck so that the cards are in a random order.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You set aside $5 for this budget deck.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ At the start of a game, each player shuffles his or her deck so that the cards are in a random order.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the end of the match, the winner would take and keep both cards.^ If an effect would have a player both draw a card and perform an additional action on that card , and the draw is replaced, the additional action is not performed on any cards that are drawn as a result of that replacement effect .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of the game, the winner becomes the owner of all the cards in the ante zone .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a turn marker is within three seats on the player 's right, the player passes the turn marker to his or her left when the turn ends rather than keeping it, and the player will take the extra turn immediately before his or her next turn.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .Early sets included a few cards with rules designed to interact with this gambling aspect, allowing replacements of cards up for ante, adding more cards to the ante, or even permanently trading cards in play.^ A permanent 's owner is the same as the owner of the card that represents it ( unless it's a token ; see rule 110.5a ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few older cards also use the ante zone and the phased-out zone, as well.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The Set Symbol is not usually that important in the game, barring a few cards from older sets and a few more from Unhinged , but it is important for tournament play.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The cards came with the instruction that they should be removed from the deck in a game that was not being played for ante.^ To imprint a card, you remove it from the game.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ What card should we remove to fit him in?
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ What game are they playing?
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The ante concept became controversial because many regions had restrictions on games of chance. .The rule was later made optional because of these restrictions and because of players' reluctance to possibly lose a card that they owned.^ Each card type has its own rules.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: A player controls Vedalken Orrery, an artifact that says " You may cast nonland cards as though they had flash ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The gambling rule is forbidden at sanctioned events and is now mostly a relic of the past, though it still sees occasional usage in friendly games as well as the "five color" format.^ Each time a player would get priority , the game first performs all applicable state-based actions as a single event (see rule 704 , " State-Based Actions "), then repeats this process until no state-based actions are performed.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Playing Magic games for ante is now considered an optional variation on the game, and it's allowed only where it's not forbidden by law or by other rules.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are five colors in the Magic game: white, blue, black, red, and green.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The last card to mention ante was printed in the 1995 expansion set Homelands.^ Any reprinted version of the card no longer counts as part of its original set unless it was reprinted with that set's expansion symbol .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Type 1.X (also known as Extended ): Extended lets you use any card from 6th Edition or newer, as far as base sets go, and from any expansion from Tempest on.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

Variant rules

.While the primary method of Magic play is one-on-one using standard deck construction rules, there are many alternative formats for playing the game.^ Play " in this sense means to play the Magic game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the heart of the joy of playing Magic the Gathering is deck construction.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ It can be played later game and still be useful, e.g.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

.The most popular alternatives describe ways of playing with more than two players (with teams or free-for-all) or change the rules about how decks can be built.^ Let's think about how our deck will play.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Two-Headed Giant variant can also be played with equally sized teams of more than two players .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A multiplayer game is a game that begins with more than two players .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Organized play

.
Officially sanctioned Magic tournaments attract participants of all ages and are held around the world.
^ Magic: The Gathering Online Legions release tournament participation bonus .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Magic: The Gathering Online Scourge release tournament participation bonus .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Prereleases are held around the world and are favorites of casual players and pros alike.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

These players in Rostock, Germany competed for an invitation to a professional tournament in Nagoya, Japan.
.Magic tournaments regularly occur in gaming stores and other venues.^ DCI : Duelist's Convocation International , the governing body of tournament play in the game of Magic: the Gathering .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ In multiplayer Planar Magic games other than Grand Melee games, plane cards are exempt from the limited range of influence option .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nontraditional Magic cards can't start the game in any zone other than the command zone (see rule 408 ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Larger tournaments with hundreds of competitors from around the globe sponsored by Wizards of the Coast are arranged many times every year, with substantial cash prizes for the top finishers.^ In the first year, it had been chosen by the winner of the Wizards of the Coast Invitational , an online tournament for employees of Wizards of the Coast only, in the second year, visitors of the Magic: The Gathering website had voted for their favourite avatar in a poll.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ If an effect puts two or more cards on the top or bottom of a library at the same time, the owner of those cards may arrange them in any order.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Optimally, we want every ability played to affect as many cards as we can, as many times as we can.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

[10] .A number of websites report on tournament news, give complete lists for the most currently popular decks, and feature articles on current issues of debate about the game.^ Description: A live version of the popular collectible card game with forums for friendly games, new players, fun decks, and tournament practice as well as tournament play which ranges in size from 8-player single-elimination to heavily promoted events with larger prizes.
  • Magic: The Gathering Online 2.0 - E3 2004 Developer Interview | SPIKE 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ There are many useful guides for those completely new to the game, not the least of which are the Getting-Started walk-throughs provided by Wizards right in the Starter Decks.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ One of the things most new players do is take all of their good stuff, and put it into a deck.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The DCI, which is owned and operated by Wizards of the Coast, is the organizing body for sanctioned Magic events.^ Wednesday, July 1, 2009 The folks at Wizards of the Coast have previewed a few more cards from the forthcoming Magic 2010 set.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ DCI : Duelist's Convocation International , the governing body of tournament play in the game of Magic: the Gathering .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

The two major categories of tournament play are "Constructed" and "Limited".

Constructed

.In "Constructed" tournaments, each player arrives with a pre-built deck, which must have a minimum of sixty cards and follow other deck construction rules.^ Each EDH deck is subject to the following deck construction rules.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Casting and resolving a tribal card follows the rules for casting and resolving a card of the other card type .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Constructed Formats A constructed deck needs a minimum of sixty cards, with an optional fifteen-card sideboard.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The deck may also have a fifteen card sideboard, which allows players to modify their deck: following the first game of each match, each player is permitted to replace any number of cards in his or her deck with an equal number of cards from his or her sideboard.^ (In a multiplayer game , a player 's first mulligan is for the same number of cards as he or she had before.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A card 's owner is the player who started the game with it in his or her deck .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each player may also have a sideboard , which is a group of additional cards the player may use to modify his or her deck between games of a match .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The original deck configuration is restored before the start of the next match.^ If an effect would cause a player to take an extra turn after the current turn, but that player wouldn't have a turn marker at the start of that turn, that player will take the extra turn immediately before his or her next turn instead .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before the first turn of the game of the game, each player who will start the game with a turn marker moves the top card of his or her planar deck off that planar deck and turns it face up .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BEFORE YOU START First of all, in order to play, you're going to need a deck and an opponent.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Normally the first player to win two games is the winner of the match.^ A two- player game is a game that begins with only two players .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a two- player game, a player 's opponent is the other player .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Participants can play whenever they like, but only the first five matches count towards their game record.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

[23]
.Different formats of Constructed Magic exist, each allowing different cards.^ Best three card combination (allowed in most formats, and my unique idea) in my opinion.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Some casual variants (either constructed or limited ) require additional items, such as specially designated cards , nontraditional Magic cards , and dice.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One card (Shahrazad) allows players to play a Magic subgame .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They include "Vintage", "Legacy", "Extended", "Standard", and "Block Constructed".[23] The DCI maintains a "Banned and Restricted List" for each format; players may not use banned cards at all, and restricted cards are limited to one copy per deck.^ All the cards in a player 's library.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has all the characteristics of the card (or the copy of a card ) associated with it, and that player becomes its controller .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the cards in a player 's graveyard.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .The DCI bans cards that it determines are damaging the health of a format; it seeks to use this remedy as infrequently as possible, and only a handful of cards have been banned in recent years.^ You can use a card's Cycling ability only if that card is in your hand.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ PayPal can only use your credit card or bank account with your authorization and not as an automated way to pay as in a case like this.
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For many years, the action of using an activated ability was referred to on cards as "playing" that ability .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Currently, the only format with a Restricted List is Vintage.^ Current banned/restricted lists are available at: http://www.crystalkeep.com/magic/rules/tournament.html .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Constructed is also the name of a rating category, more narrowly defined as to include only Block Constructed, Standard, and Extended tournaments.^ Players may include cards from any printing in their constructed decks if those cards appear in sets allowed in that format (or those cards are specifically allowed by the Magic Tournament Rules ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Information requested as part of the online registration process may include a user's telephone number or a wireless email address, but only if specifically requested, and the carrier's name.
  • Magic: The Gathering Online 2.0 - E3 2004 Developer Interview | SPIKE 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ If a player is casting a spell that has an { X } in its mana cost , the value of X isn't defined by the text of that spell , and an effect lets that player cast that spell while paying neither its mana cost nor an alternative cost that includes X , then the only legal choice for X is 0.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Block Constructed formats are defined by the cycle of three sets of cards in a given block.^ Block : Magic expansion sets are grouped into sets of three.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Best three card combination (allowed in most formats, and my unique idea) in my opinion.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    .For example, the Ravnica block format consists of Ravnica: City of Guilds, Guildpact, and Dissension.^ A guild icon appears in the text box of many Ravnica(r) block cards .
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Only cards that were printed in one of the sets in the appropriate block can be used in these formats.^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    ^ PayPal can only use your credit card or bank account with your authorization and not as an automated way to pay as in a case like this.
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    ^ The defending team has one combined block , and that set of blocking creatures must be legal as a whole.
    • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [23]
  • .
  • Standard contains the current block, the last completed block, and the most recent core set.^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The two most recent blocks are the Odyssey block, consisting of Odyssey , Torment , and Judgement , and the Onslaught block, consisting of Onslaught , Legions , and a set that has not been released yet.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Type II (also known as Standard ): In this environment, you can use any card from the most recent base set (i.e.
    • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

    The Standard card pool undergoes a "rotation" each year in October. .Currently the Standard card pool consists of the Shards of Alara block, the Magic 2010 core set, and the Zendikar block.
  • Extended is the format where all Magic blocks and core sets issued during the last seven years are legal.^ All cards from regular Magic sets starting with Invasion and 7th Edition are available about a month after their real world release and can be purchased in virtual booster and starter packs until they rotate out of the Standard tournament environment.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Aside from an online duel mode for the most common single and multiplayer formats, the software features chat rooms, trading windows, an offline encyclopedia of all Magic cards, a deckbuilder section, and a tutorial.
    • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

    As in Standard, the pool rotates once a year in October.[note 6] The current Extended format consists of the Mirrodin, Kamigawa, Ravnica, Time Spiral, Shards of Alara and Zendikar blocks; the Lorwyn and Shadowmoor mini-blocks; the Ninth and Tenth edition core sets, as well as the core set [Magic 2010]; and Coldsnap, a standalone set that rotates with the Time Spiral block.
.Vintage and Legacy are considered "Eternal Constructed" formats because the card pool never rotates.^ Players may include cards from any printing in their constructed decks if those cards appear in sets allowed in that format (or those cards are specifically allowed by the Magic Tournament Rules ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Force of Will is the most important blue card in Vintage and Legacy.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Constructed Formats A constructed deck needs a minimum of sixty cards, with an optional fifteen-card sideboard.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.This means that all the sets that are currently legal will continue to be legal and any new sets will automatically be included in the legal card pool.^ If the player chooses to change some or all of the targets , the new targets must be legal.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, such an ability can't affect the format legality of a card , including whether it's banned or restricted.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oracle : The reference that contains the up-to- date wordings (in English) for all tournament -legal cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .The only banned cards in Vintage are cards using the "ante" mechanic and a few other cards that the DCI considers inappropriate for competitive Magic.^ Only the Planar Magic casual variant uses plane cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PayPal can only use your credit card or bank account with your authorization and not as an automated way to pay as in a case like this.
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Don't get me wrong, of course I still buy Magic cards and enjoy playing with others that don't have my program.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Because of the expense in acquiring the scarce old cards to play competitive Vintage, many Vintage tournaments permit players to proxy a certain number of cards.^ Friday Night Magic Friday Night Magic gives players in a growing number of countries the ability to play in a weekly event, and have a shot at cool prize cards in the process.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ That player plays with that card revealed in his or her hand until it leaves the player 's hand or until a step or phase that isn't an upkeep step begins, whichever comes first.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She came out with more cards then she had bought, because a guy "wanted to encourage girls to keep playing magic".
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]

Limited

.In "Limited" tournaments players construct decks using some measure of sealed booster packs and basic land.^ Deck that uses lands to win .
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Starting with the Vanguard release, newly registered players receive a Vanguard booster pack containing the five basic Vanguard cards Serra Angel , Prodigal Sorcerer , Grinning Demon , Goblin Warchief , and Erhnam Djinn , 75 evenly divided non-foil Eighth Edition basic lands, and a random foil Eighth Edition basic land.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Control and Tempo decks need Islands and other basic lands to play around Wastelands.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

.The decks in Limited tournaments must be a minimum of forty cards, and all unused cards function as the sideboard.^ Each card in the planar deck must have a different English name .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oracle : The reference that contains the up-to- date wordings (in English) for all tournament -legal cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The four- card limit (see rule 100.2a ) applies to the combined deck and sideboard .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In contrast to "Constructed" tournaments, the player is not restricted to exchange cards on a one-for-one basis when sideboarding, so long as the player adheres to the forty card minimum.^ Cards in a player 's sideboard are outside the game .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It represents two static abilities : one that functions while the card is in a player 's graveyard and the other that functions while the card is on the stack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The rule that a player may use only four copies of any given card does not apply.^ Poison Counter : A counter that may be given to a player .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The card overrides only the rule that applies to that specific situation.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PayPal can only use your credit card or bank account with your authorization and not as an automated way to pay as in a case like this.
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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[23]
.In "Sealed Deck" tournaments, each player receives six booster packs (each containing 15 cards) from which to build his or her deck.^ A limited deck may contain as many duplicates of a card as a player has.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I can build limitless decks with any cards I want.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Starting with the Vanguard release, newly registered players receive a Vanguard booster pack containing the five basic Vanguard cards Serra Angel , Prodigal Sorcerer , Grinning Demon , Goblin Warchief , and Erhnam Djinn , 75 evenly divided non-foil Eighth Edition basic lands, and a random foil Eighth Edition basic land.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

.They may then add as many basic lands of their choice to their deck, as needed.^ A constructed deck may contain any number of basic land cards and no more than four of any card with a particular English name other than basic land cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the process, they made a few minor corrections to cards, added another version of the basic land cards with new artwork , and added a couple cards that were accidentally left out.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A basic land card may be included in an EDH deck only if it could produce a color of mana that's in the general 's mana cost .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a "Booster Draft", several players (usually eight) are seated around a table and each player is given three booster packs.^ Everyone gets three booster packs.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The players are randomly seated around the table.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Draft : Drafts usually take eight people.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Each player opens a pack, selects a card from it, and passes the remaining cards to the next player.^ They look through it, decide which card they want, then pass the remaining cards to their left and repeat until no cards are left.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Opening Hand : The hand of cards a player starts the game with, once the player has decided not to take any further mulligans .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once an ability has triggered, its controller puts it on the stack as an object that's not a card the next time a player would receive priority .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each player then selects one of the remaining cards from the pack he or she just received, and passes the remaining cards again.^ It represents two static abilities : one that functions while the card is in a player 's graveyard and the other that functions while the card is on the stack .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the normal game materials, each player needs a planar deck of at least ten plane cards and the game needs one planar die .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pass in Succession : All players " pass in succession" if each player in the game (starting with any one of them) opts not to take an action upon receiving priority .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This continues until all of the cards are depleted.^ Although the reinforce ability can be activated only if the card is in a player 's hand , it continues to exist while the object is on the battlefield and in all other zones .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the transmute ability can be activated only if the card is in a player 's hand , it continues to exist while the object is on the battlefield and in all other zones .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the cycling ability can be activated only if the card is in a player 's hand , it continues to exist while the object is on the battlefield and in all other zones .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Players pass left for the first and third packs, and right for the second.^ Finally, the third pack is opened, and passed to the left.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ See rule 802 , " Attack Multiple Players Option ," rule 803 , " Attack Left and Attack Right Options ," and rule 807 , " Emperor Variant ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then, they open their second pack and repeat, but going to the right.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Players then build decks out of any of the cards that they selected during the drafting.^ Players select cards from their own collection , and combine them into a deck .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ I can build limitless decks with any cards I want.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A player loses the game when he or she has 0 life, has to draw a card but has no deck, or has 10 poison counters (a dead concept; you accrue poison counters mostly by being hit by certain creatures that give them out).
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Talking, signaling, and showing cards is forbidden during the drafting process.^ Playing the Race Card: During one of his segments on the The Daily Show with John Stewart, Larry Wilmore, a magic hobbyist who was profiled in the pages of Genii , talked about playing the Race Card and illustrated his point while doing the Ambitious Card.
  • 2009: A Year in Review - The Genii Forum 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By winning a yearly Invitational tournament, Jon Finkel won the right for this card to feature his design and likeness.

Tournament structure

.The DCI maintains a set of rules for being able to sanction tournaments, as well as runs its own circuit.^ Tournament Rules : Additional rules that apply to games played in a DCI-sanctioned tournament .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players may include cards from any printing in their constructed decks if those cards appear in sets allowed in that format (or those cards are specifically allowed by the Magic Tournament Rules ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are several types of tournament environments sanctioned by the DCI in the game of Magic, and the environment you're playing in determines which cards are legal.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

Some hobby shops offer "Gateway" tournaments as a "casual" entrance to structured play.[37] .The same shops often offer "Friday Night Magic" tournaments as a stepstone to more competitive play.^ Friday Night Magic Friday Night Magic gives players in a growing number of countries the ability to play in a weekly event, and have a shot at cool prize cards in the process.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ The Set Symbol is not usually that important in the game, barring a few cards from older sets and a few more from Unhinged , but it is important for tournament play.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ DCI : Duelist's Convocation International , the governing body of tournament play in the game of Magic: the Gathering .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[38]
.The DCI runs the Pro Tour as a series of major tournaments to attract interest.^ Edit: She made top eight at that tournament and had a match win over a Pro Tour semi-regular.
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the format that makes the money for Wizards of the Coast , so they run large events such as the Grand Prix and the Pro Tour , where professional players can make large sums of money.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The right to compete in a Pro Tour has to be earned by either winning a Pro Tour Qualifier Tournament or being successful in a previous tournament on a similar level.^ I remember winning a tournament with a similar deck.
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edit: She made top eight at that tournament and had a match win over a Pro Tour semi-regular.
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She wore some of her most flattering clothes to a Magic tournament once and told me on the way that "it should earn her a match win or two."
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A Pro Tour is usually structured into two days of individual competition played in the Swiss format.^ Match : A multiplayer game or a two- player series of games (usually best-two-of-three) played in a tournament .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: One player in a Two-Headed Giant game controls Teferi's Moat, which says "As Teferi's Moat comes into play , choose a color ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note that lands that come into play tapped are mana deceleration; so, we want to limit the number of these in our deck to say, at most two cards.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

.On the final day, the top eight players compete with each other in an elimination format to select the winner.^ Tournament : An organized play activity where players compete against other players to win prizes.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Free-for-All multiplayer games , a group of players compete as individuals against each other.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first player to eliminate their "enemy" colors is the winner.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[39]
.At the end of the competition in a Pro Tour, a player is awarded Pro Points depending on his finishing place.^ This is the format that makes the money for Wizards of the Coast , so they run large events such as the Grand Prix and the Pro Tour , where professional players can make large sums of money.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The ending point of this sequence must be a place where a player has priority , though it need not be the player proposing the shortcut .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After this point, if a new ability would happen at the end of the active player's turn, it will instead happen on the next players end phase.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

If the player finishes high enough, he will also be awarded prize money.[39] .Frequent winners of these events have made names for themselves in the Magic community, such as Kai Budde and Jon Finkel.^ These trigger only at the time the named event happens-they don't trigger if that state already exists or retrigger if it persists .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In any event, the lists are a good place to start your collection: get these cards, and you'll have a mighty versatile base to start your Magic play from.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ Players can use the Magic Locator at www.wizards.com/locator to find tournaments in their area by selecting " Events " and typing in the name of their city.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As a promotional tool, the DCI launched the Hall of Fame in 2005 to honor selected players.[9]
At the end of the year the Magic World Championship is held. .The World Championship functions like a Pro Tour, except that competitors have to present their skill in three different formats (usually Standard, booster draft and a second constructed format) rather than one.^ Entwine : A keyword ability that lets a player choose all modes for a spell rather than just one.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If there are three expansions, then the booster packs consist of the second and third expansion.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ If a turn marker is within three seats on the player 's right, the player passes the turn marker to his or her left when the turn ends rather than keeping it, and the player will take the extra turn immediately before his or her next turn.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Another difference is that invitation to the World Championship can be gained not through Pro Tour Qualifiers, but via the national championship of a country. .Most countries sends the top four players of the tournament as representatives, though nations with minor Magic playing communities may send just one player.^ The active player may play a land .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One card (Shahrazad) allows players to play a Magic subgame .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Limited : A way of playing in which each player gets a quantity of unopened Magic product and creates his or her own deck on the spot.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are also other means to be invited to the tournament. The World Championship also has a team-based competition, where the national teams compete with each other.[40]
At the beginning of the World Championship, new members are inducted into the Hall of Fame. The tournament also concludes the current season of tournament play and at the end of the event, the player who earned the most Pro Points during the year is awarded the title "Pro Player of the Year". The player who earned the most Pro Points and did not compete in any previous season is awarded the title "Rookie of the Year".[40]
.Invitation to a Pro Tour, Pro Points and prize money can also be earned in lesser tournaments called Grand Prix that are open to the general public and are held more frequently throughout the year.^ Edit: She made top eight at that tournament and had a match win over a Pro Tour semi-regular.
  • Magic: The Gathering CCG | Image | BoardGameGeek 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese New Year’s red packet money usually are dumped into buying more and more cards.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ This is the format that makes the money for Wizards of the Coast , so they run large events such as the Grand Prix and the Pro Tour , where professional players can make large sums of money.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[41] .Grand Prix events are usually the largest Magic tournaments, sometimes drawing more than 1,000 players.^ Grand Prix Mingle with the stars of Magic at the largest open enrollment events in the world.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ Friday Night Magic Friday Night Magic gives players in a growing number of countries the ability to play in a weekly event, and have a shot at cool prize cards in the process.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ If the teams have more than three players , the range of influence of each player should be adjusted.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The largest Magic tournament ever held was a Grand Prix held in Paris in 2008.[42]

Product and marketing

.Magic: The Gathering cards are produced in much the same way as normal playing cards.^ The back of a flip card is the normal Magic: The Gathering card back.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The back of a split card is the normal Magic: The Gathering card back.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic: The Gathering Online development card .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

.Each Magic card, approximately 63 x 88 mm in size (21532 by 3716 inches), has a face which displays the card's name and rules text as well as an illustration appropriate to the card's concept.^ When a rule or text on a card refers to a " card ," it means a Magic card with a Magic card front and a Magic card back.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tokens created by the Mirrodin card Soul Foundry look similar to the creature card they originate from, but use a token card template of the appropriate color instead of a standard Magic card template.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Text copied onto the spell that refers to a card by name refers to the spell on the stack , not the card from which the text was copied.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.11,458 unique cards have been produced for the game as of February 2009,[4][43] many of them with variant editions, artwork, or layouts, and 600–1000 new ones are added each year.^ February 11, 2009 at 8:16 pm .
  • Wagic, Magic the Gathering, and PSP homebrews · Download 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC wololo.net [Source type: General]

^ February 11, 2009 at 3:26 pm .
  • Wagic, Magic the Gathering, and PSP homebrews · Download 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC wololo.net [Source type: General]

^ Planar Magic : A casual variant in which plane cards add additional abilities and randomness to the game.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first Magic cards were printed exclusively in English, but current sets are also printed in Simplified Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.^ But some of this makes no sense if you don't know how the cards are set up, so here's where you learn how to play Magic .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ All of the first 10 million cards had black borders, and the first printing would come to be known as " Alpha ", and the second as " Beta ".
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ This information is printed in the form [ card number]/[total cards in the set], immediately following the legal text .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44]
.The vast majority of Magic cards are marketed to the public in the form of sets.^ But some of this makes no sense if you don't know how the cards are set up, so here's where you learn how to play Magic .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ This information is printed in the form [ card number]/[total cards in the set], immediately following the legal text .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The expansion symbol indicates which Magic set a card is from.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The annually-released Core Set currently consists of 249 cards, with a mixture of old and new cards.^ As said, their initial plan would be to do a print run with a set of cards for a limited time, and then after a while, do a new print run, with a whole new collection of cards, that were also compatible with the original set.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Cards printed in sets prior to the Eighth Edition core set didn't use the word " basic " to indicate a basic land .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is only utilized by one card ( AWOL , from the new joke set Unhinged ).
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Magic 2010 is the most recent Core Set and was released on 17 July 2009. Over the course of a year three theme-related expansion sets, often referred to as a block, are released in addition to the Core Set.^ Block : Magic expansion sets are grouped into sets of three.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Type II (also known as Standard ): In this environment, you can use any card from the most recent base set (i.e.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Each October a large expansion is released, followed by two smaller expansions in winter and spring.^ After the release of Ice Age, sets were released in groups of three - one large, stand-alone expansion, plus two smaller expansions, all part of the same storyline, and considered a block.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A large number of preorders was placed for the expansion before its release, and Wizards of the Coast decided to play it safe, and print to fill those preorders, but not any more.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[note .7] These sets consist almost exclusively of newly-designed cards.^ These cards either have the specified guild's exclusive mechanic or somehow relate to the two colors associated with that guild.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These rules may limit the use of some cards , including barring all cards from some older sets.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shards of Alara, Conflux, and Alara Reborn form the most recent completely released block.^ Current Sets Discuss the sets currently in Standard: Zendikar, Magic 2010, Alara Reborn, Conflux, Shards of Alara.Lorwyn.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ Afin de permettre aux joueurs d'couler leurs derniers boosters Shards of Alara, Conflux et Alara Reborn, un draft ACR 4-3-2-2 nix tix a t mis en place offrant en rcompense des boosters Alara Block.
  • Les actualit�s de Magic the Gathering Online - JeuxOnLine 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.jeuxonline.info [Source type: General]

^ The two most recent blocks are the Odyssey block, consisting of Odyssey , Torment , and Judgement , and the Onslaught block, consisting of Onslaught , Legions , and a set that has not been released yet.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

A new block began with the release of Zendikar in October 2009 and will be followed up with Worldwake in February 2010 and Rise of the Eldrazi in April 2010.[45]
.Magic cards are normally divided into four rarities, which can be differentiated by the color of the expansion symbol (in sets released after the Stronghold expansion; for cards released prior to Exodus, rarities must be checked against an external cardlist or database, as all expansion symbols were black).^ Block : Magic expansion sets are grouped into sets of three.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ (Prior to the Exodus (tm) set, all expansion symbols were black, regardless of rarity.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Expansion Symbol : A characteristic, and part of a card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These rarities are Common (Black), Uncommon (Silver), Rare (Gold), and, starting in Shards of Alara in October 2008, Mythic Rare (Copper-Red).^ Goblin Assault                  Game: Magic: the Gathering - Set: Shards of Alara - Rarity: R .
  • Magic: the Gathering Shards of Alara @ Store for Cards, Miniatures, Singles, Packs & Booster Boxes 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC store.tcgplayer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jungle Shrine                  Game: Magic: the Gathering - Set: Shards of Alara - Rarity: U .
  • Magic: the Gathering Shards of Alara @ Store for Cards, Miniatures, Singles, Packs & Booster Boxes 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC store.tcgplayer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Forest                  Game: Magic: the Gathering - Set: Shards of Alara - Rarity: B .
  • Magic: the Gathering Shards of Alara @ Store for Cards, Miniatures, Singles, Packs & Booster Boxes 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC store.tcgplayer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Basic lands are their own rarity and are colored black as Commons.^ A black or white symbol indicates the card is common or is a basic land .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Suppose the same animated land is chosen both as the nonblack creature and as the land , and the color of the creature land is changed to black before Plague Spores resolves .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A basic land type implies an intrinsic ability to produce colored mana .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most new cards are purchased in the form of Booster Packs.^ They could not stick with their initial plan, to finish this printing, and create a new version of the game with new cards, when it was clear such a demand was forming.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A token isn't a card (even if represented by a card that has a Magic back or that came from a Magic booster pack).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cards are purchased similar to how sports cards are sold, in small packages of 8 or 15, known as booster packs.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.A fifteen-card Booster Pack will typically contain one Rare, three Uncommons, ten Commons, and one Basic Land (this is a change starting with Shards of Alara; in previous sets there were typically eleven Commons and no Basic Land).^ If there are three expansions, then the booster packs consist of the second and third expansion.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Everyone gets three booster packs.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A black or white symbol indicates the card is common or is a basic land .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On average, a Mythic Rare replaces one in eight Rare cards.^ In such a case, any parts of the original event that haven't been replaced by the effect occur first, then the card draws happen one at a time.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If an object has an ability printed on it that generates a replacement effect which causes one or more cards to be exiled, and another ability printed on it that refers either to "the exiled cards " or to cards "exiled with [this object ]," these abilities are linked.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An object may have one ability printed on it that generates a replacement effect which causes one or more cards to be exiled, and another ability that refers either to "the exiled cards " or to cards "exiled with [this object ]."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are also premium versions of every card with holographic foil, randomly inserted into some boosters, which replace about every seventieth card.^ Some effects replace card draws .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope that this card can inspire some good deck builder to build a new breed of deck into Legacy.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Well, every tribe deck needs a warchief, so let's put in some classic soldier tribe cards: .
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

.Previously cards were also sold in Tournament Packs typically containing three Rares, ten Uncommons, thirty-two Commons, and thirty Basic Lands.^ A black or white symbol indicates the card is common or is a basic land .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Starting with the Vanguard release, newly registered players receive a Vanguard booster pack containing the five basic Vanguard cards Serra Angel , Prodigal Sorcerer , Grinning Demon , Goblin Warchief , and Erhnam Djinn , 75 evenly divided non-foil Eighth Edition basic lands, and a random foil Eighth Edition basic land.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ It contained 14 Eighth Edition basic lands and one of three pre- Invasion cards per random which had been publicly voted out of a card pool of 12 famous Magic cards.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

[note 8] Tournament Packs were discontinued after Shards of Alara.
.In 2003, starting with the Eighth Edition Core Set, the game went through its biggest visual change since its creation—a new card frame layout was developed to allow more rules text and larger art on the cards, while reducing the thick, colored border to a minimum.^ As the subgame starts, an entirely new set of game zones is created.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most abilities describe exactly what they do in the card 's rules text .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It usually contains rules text defining the card 's abilities .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .The new frame design aimed to improve contrast and readability using black type instead of the previous white, a new font, and partitioned areas for the name, card type, and power and toughness.^ Some creature cards have power and/or toughness represented by a * instead of a number.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the card has multiple card types , that's indicated by a black and white cross.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its new power and toughness is 4/1.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spin-offs

.Magic: The Gathering video games, comics, and books have been produced under licensing or directly by Wizards of the Coast.^ Magic the Gathering is a wonderful game.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ DCI : Duelist's Convocation International , the governing body of tournament play in the game of Magic: the Gathering .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Two full years were spent playtesting and developing the first version of the game - which had, in the process, been renamed to Magic: The Gathering.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.While comics and books have mostly been supplements to develop a background story for the game several video games have been produced which lean in varying degree on the original game.^ The casual variants detailed here use supplemental zones , rules, cards , and other game implements not used in traditional Magic games.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For the first computer games Wizards of the Coast had sold licenses to Acclaim and MicroProse roughly at the same time.^ After the Magic: The Gathering computer game by Microprose and the Magic: The Gathering Interactive Encyclopedia , this has been the third attempt to create a software platform for online Magic games, for the first time including a full rule-based interface.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ (In a multiplayer game , a player 's first mulligan is for the same number of cards as he or she had before.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes a loop can be fragmented, meaning that each player involved in the loop performs an independent action that results in the same game state being reached multiple times.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

While MicroProse's Magic: The Gathering received favorable reviews Magic: The Gathering: BattleMage of Acclaim was mostly dismissed with negative reaction[47]
.In Magic: The Gathering Online Wizards has released a computer version of the game themselves, that allows players to compete online against other players using the original Magic cards and rules.^ In Free-for-All multiplayer games , a group of players compete as individuals against each other.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Magic the Gathering Online: Magic 2010 (26) .
  • Les actualit�s de Magic the Gathering Online - JeuxOnLine 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.jeuxonline.info [Source type: General]

^ Magic the Gathering Online: Worldwake (17) .
  • Les actualit�s de Magic the Gathering Online - JeuxOnLine 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.jeuxonline.info [Source type: General]

.The latest computer implementation of Magic is Magic: The Gathering - Duels of the Planeswalkers developed by Stainless Games for the Xbox 360.^ Magic: The Gathering Online development card .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ Magic: The Gathering Online computer game .
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

^ After the Magic: The Gathering computer game by Microprose and the Magic: The Gathering Interactive Encyclopedia , this has been the third attempt to create a software platform for online Magic games, for the first time including a full rule-based interface.
  • Magic Rarities > Computer Game Cards > Magic: The Gathering Online Cards > Index 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.magiclibrarities.net [Source type: General]

.Duels of the Planeswalkers simplifies much of the gameplay to be more accessible to newer players but otherwise follows the standard Magic rules.^ Which player has priority is determined by the following rules: .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead of a more traditional game, where the rules are clear and all the pieces known beforehand, Magic keeps players on their toes.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Mana abilities follow special rules: They don't use the stack , and, under certain circumstances, a player can activate mana abilities even if he or she doesn't have priority .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48] .The game was the most-played Xbox Live title for two weeks after its release.^ Two third of the game are played with sideboard.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Match : A multiplayer game or a two- player series of games (usually best-two-of-three) played in a tournament .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Example: One player in a Two-Headed Giant game controls Teferi's Moat, which says "As Teferi's Moat comes into play , choose a color ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]

Secondary market

.
The Alpha version of the Black Lotus card (here, signed by the artist) is usually considered to be the most valuable non-promotional Magic card ever printed.
^ For a card , that means the values of the characteristics printed on that card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players may include cards from any printing in their constructed decks if those cards appear in sets allowed in that format (or those cards are specifically allowed by the Magic Tournament Rules ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But some of this makes no sense if you don't know how the cards are set up, so here's where you learn how to play Magic .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[50]
.There is an active secondary market in individual cards among players and game shops.^ First, the active player draws a card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That player starts the game with a hand of 9 cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cards in a player 's sideboard are outside the game .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many physical and online stores also sell single cards or "playsets" of four of a card.^ It's way too expensive for any single one of the abilities; however, it is still a good card because it is highly versatile and crams many desirable features into a single card.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ This is arguably the pinnacle of card multiplicity: getting many desirable benefits from a single play.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

.Common cards rarely sell for more than a few cents and are usually sold in bulk.^ If an effect performs a comparison involving multiple characteristics of one or more split cards in any zone other than the stack , each characteristic is compared separately.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, if the active player 's hand contains more cards than his or her maximum hand size (normally seven), he or she discards enough cards to reduce his or her hand size to that number.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creatures can potentially deal damage many times, and in addition have special abilities, making them more valuable than just a straight damage card.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

Uncommon cards and weak rares typically cost around US$1. The most expensive cards in Standard tournament play usually cost approximately $20–30. On rare occasions, some have sold for $40–50.
.The most expensive card which was in regular print (as opposed to being a promotional or special printing) is Black Lotus, with average prices as of 2009 above $700 and high-quality "graded" copies rising above $3,000 — in 2005, a "Pristine 10 grade" Beckett Grading Services graded Beta Black Lotus was bought by Darren Adams, owner of West Coast Sports Cards & Gaming Distributors in Federal Way, Washington, for a record $20,000.[51] A small number of cards of similar age, rarity, and playability —chiefly among them the other cards in the so-called "Power Nine"— routinely reach high prices as well.^ Collector Number : A number printed on most cards that has no effect on game play .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a Vanguard game, each vanguard card is controlled by its owner .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In other words, this is your chance to see what the brouhaha around Black Lotus is all about - use it well, because it's unlikely you're going to see that one in casual play, let alone in your own deck =) The game also includes a card set of its own called Astral set - some cards that have never been actually printed!
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.As new sets come out, older cards are occasionally reprinted.^ Any reprinted version of the card no longer counts as part of its original set unless it was reprinted with that set's expansion symbol .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ In the process, they made a few minor corrections to cards, added another version of the basic land cards with new artwork , and added a couple cards that were accidentally left out.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Wizards of the Coast formulated an official "Reprint Policy"[52] in 1995, in an attempt to guarantee to collectors the value of many old cards.^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Tags: e3 • e3 2004 • card game • cards • interview • magic • multiplayer • strategy • wizards of the coast Extras .
  • Magic: The Gathering Online 2.0 - E3 2004 Developer Interview | SPIKE 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Creatures can potentially deal damage many times, and in addition have special abilities, making them more valuable than just a straight damage card.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

The Policy details certain cards that are unavailable to be printed again.

Artwork

.Each card has an illustration to represent the flavor of the card, often reflecting the setting of the expansion for which it was designed.^ Any reprinted version of the card no longer counts as part of its original set unless it was reprinted with that set's expansion symbol .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A card 's expansion symbol is a small icon normally printed below the right edge of the illustration .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Type 1.X (also known as Extended ): Extended lets you use any card from 6th Edition or newer, as far as base sets go, and from any expansion from Tempest on.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

Much of Magic's early artwork was commissioned with little specific direction or concern for visual cohesion.[53] .One infamous example was the printing of a creature without the "flying" ability, whose art showed a bird in flight.^ A creature with flying can block a creature with or without flying.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A creature with flying can block a creature with or without flying .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flying A creature with flying can't be blocked by creatures without flying.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[54] .The art direction team later decided to impose a few constraints so that the artistic vision more closely aligned with the design and development of the cards.^ While the game was designed to be played for ante - where each player would put their top card into an ante pile before playing, there was a lot more.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Each block of cards now has its own style guide with sketches and descriptions of the various races and places featured in the setting.^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Some card sets feature collector numbers .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course, Exodus was released in 1998, so the cards you can buy now are probably going to have this feature.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[55]
.A few early sets experimented with alternate art for cards.^ Most of the time you'll need your cards to be from either the last few blocks , the latest set, or occasionally from only the older sets.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The Set Symbol is not usually that important in the game, barring a few cards from older sets and a few more from Unhinged , but it is important for tournament play.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A type icon appears in the upper left corner of each card from the Future Sight(r) set printed with an alternate "timeshifted" frame.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, Wizards came to believe that this impeded easy recognition of a card and that having multiple versions caused confusion when identifying a card at a glance.^ Unfortunately, card text takes precedence over rules, and just about every basic rule of the game has at some point been broken by a card, and this can cause some confusion among newer players.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[56] .Consequently, alternate art is now only used sparingly and mostly for promotional cards.^ PayPal can only use your credit card or bank account with your authorization and not as an automated way to pay as in a case like this.
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Snap Illusion - bad experience conclusion... - The Genii Forum 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.geniimagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When they play against another player, each person uses their own deck, only rarely even touching the other player's cards.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Type I (also known as Classic or Vintage ): In this environment, you can use any card ever printed in an expansion or base set, as well as many of the promotional cards.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[note .9] When older cards are reprinted in new sets, however, Wizards of the Coast has guaranteed that they will be printed with new art to make them more collectible.^ The Set Symbol is not usually that important in the game, barring a few cards from older sets and a few more from Unhinged , but it is important for tournament play.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Players may include cards from any printing in their constructed decks if those cards appear in sets allowed in that format (or those cards are specifically allowed by the Magic Tournament Rules ).
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There haven't been any creatures with Provoke in the newest set, but Wizards said they might bring it back, so Provoke is possibly no longer used.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

[57]
.Ever since 1995, the copyright on all artwork commissioned is transferred to Wizards of the Coast once a contract is signed.^ Hasbro © 1995-2009 Wizards of the Coast LLC, a subsidiary of Hasbro, Inc.
  • All About Autocarding > TCG Boards Business > The Wizards Community 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

However, the artist is allowed to sell the original piece and printed reproductions of it, and for established and prolific Magic artists, this can be a lucrative source of revenue.
As Magic has expanded across the globe, its artwork has had to change for its international audience. Artwork has been edited or given alternate art to comply with the governmental standards. For example, the portrayal of skeletons and most undead in artwork is prohibited by the Chinese government.[58][59]

Demonic themes

Demonic imagery in card art.
.For the first few years of its production, Magic: The Gathering featured a small number of cards with names or artwork with demonic or occultist themes.^ Friday Night Magic Friday Night Magic gives players in a growing number of countries the ability to play in a weekly event, and have a shot at cool prize cards in the process.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ We want many features in our deck and we have a limited number of cards, so card economy becomes important.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ Geez…I remember the very first Magic The Gathering Game for PC and I loved to play that one forever.
  • Wagic, Magic the Gathering, and PSP homebrews · Download 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC wololo.net [Source type: General]

.Their presence led to some criticism from religious groups, and in 1995 the company elected to remove such references from the game.^ Keyword Ability : A game term, such as " flying " or " haste ," used as shorthand for a longer ability or group of abilities .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meier's touch in the game was only limited to the slightly (and unfoundedly, according to some) criticized Shandalar section.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Some effects instruct a player to " play " with a certain aspect of the game changed, such as " Play with the top card of your library revealed."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was done by means of selectively choosing not to reprint cards containing the words "demon" or "devil", as well as printing cards with new artwork to avoid the appearance of occultism.^ For a card , that means the values of the characteristics printed on that card .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the process, they made a few minor corrections to cards, added another version of the basic land cards with new artwork , and added a couple cards that were accidentally left out.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Oracle : The reference that contains the up-to- date wordings (in English) for all tournament -legal cards .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2002, believing that the depiction of demons was becoming less controversial and that the game had established itself sufficiently, Wizards of the Coast reversed this policy and resumed printing cards with "demon" in their names.^ Illustration : A picture printed on the upper half of a card that has no effect on game play .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The name of a card is printed on its upper left corner.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60]

Storyline

.An intricate storyline underlies the cards released in each expansion and is shown in the art and flavor text of the cards, as well as in novels and anthologies published by Wizards of the Coast (and formerly by HarperPrism).^ The text box is printed on the lower half of the card and contains the card 's rules text , reminder text , and flavor text .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Players took to it like crazy, and it wasn't long before the entire stock was sold - even the cards owned by some of Wizard of the Coast's workers were sold.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The " flavor text " of the cards, little quotes and stories that don't afffect play but are added just to give the card and game personality, were all connected.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Important storyline characters or objects often appear as cards in Magic sets, usually as "Legendary" creatures.^ But some of this makes no sense if you don't know how the cards are set up, so here's where you learn how to play Magic .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Changing a land 's subtype doesn't add or remove any card types (such as creature ) or supertypes (such as basic , legendary , and snow ) the land may have.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some effects state that an object becomes an " artifact creature "; these effects also allow the object to retain all of its prior card types and subtypes .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The expansion sets from Antiquities through Scourge (with the exception of Homelands) revolve around the plane of Dominaria and are a roughly chronological timeline of that plane's history (with the exception of the Urza's Saga Block).^ One of the biggest events in the history of Dominaria was The Brothers' War , the setting for the Antiquities expansion set.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Block : Magic expansion sets are grouped into sets of three.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, prior to the Sixth Edition core set, with the exception of the Chinese Fifth Edition core set, Magic core sets didn't have expansion symbols at all.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Major recurring characters include Urza and his brother Mishra.^ They all talked about the war between a pair of brothers, Urza and Mishra , and the effects it had on the world of Magic.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Urza and Mishra, a pair of brothers who had worked together studying and creating artifacts , when they stumbled across a stone from the ancient peoples known as the Thran .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

The sets from Weatherlight through Apocalypse follow in particular the story of the crew of the Weatherlight, allies of Urza against Yawgmoth. .After Scourge, Magic ventured out of Dominaria into the new planes of Mirrodin; a metallic artificial plane watched over and ruled by an animated Mirari, Kamigawa; a Japanese-themed plane set in the time of a great war between spirits and mortals, and Ravnica; a completely urbanised plane headed by ten guilds, at a time when their pact is at a turning point.^ Suppose that you've got four creatures out and can do five points of damage a turn for free, and your opponent has two creatures that can't effectively respond.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ They all talked about the war between a pair of brothers, Urza and Mishra , and the effects it had on the world of Magic.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Planar Deck : A deck of at least ten plane cards needed to play the Planar Magic casual variant .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It then returned to Dominaria for the block Time Spiral, having the plane in a devastated apocalyptic state, but left it again upon the block's conclusion. .The focus of the following block lay on the Lorwyn plane, once depicted as a utopic heaven for all creatures and once as a dystopic place.^ It's also worth noting that a defending creature with Banding can decide how all of the damage from the attackers it is blocking is dealt.
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Once a creature has been declared as an attacking or blocking creature , spells or abilities that would have kept that creature from attacking or blocking don't remove the creature from combat.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A creature remains blocked even if all the creatures blocking it are removed from combat .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The subsequent block was situated on Alara, a world split in five but later reunited. The current block focuses on Zendikar, a world prominent for its traps as well as its treasures.

Notes

  1. ^ Excluding deck construction
  2. ^ Games may take much longer or shorter depending on a deck's play style and the number of players
  3. ^ Until the release of Mirage in 1996 expansions were released on an irregular basis. Beginning in 2009 one revision of the core set and three expansions will be released every year.
  4. ^ Notably, the Apprentice program. See Magic: The Gathering video games.
  5. ^ "U" stands for "blue" because "B" denotes Black and "L" land; see Anatomy of a Magic Card
  6. ^ Prior to March 1, 2008, Extended format rotation system was different and more complicated: three Magic blocks rotated out every three years.
  7. ^ Large sets usually contain 249 cards, and small expansions usually contain 145 cards.
  8. ^ "Typically" is used due to a change in card distribution in Time Spiral which allows premium cards of any rarity to replace Common cards instead of cards of their own rarity. See Purple Reign for more information.
  9. ^ A notable exception are Basic Land cards, but those are easily identifiable due to the oversized mana symbol in their text boxes.

References

  1. ^ Wizards of the Coast (2006-05-03). "Press Release". http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=magic/magiconline/news050903. Retrieved 2006-09-30. "There are more than six million Magic players in 52 countries"   Note that the "six million" figure is the one used by Wizards of the Coast; while they would be in the best position to know through tournament registrations and card sales, they also have an interest in presenting an optimistic estimate to the public.
  2. ^ Adkison, Peter (1 June 2009). "In The Beginning". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/magic/magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/feature/41a. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  3. ^ "Alpha, Beta, and Unlimited Editions". Wizards of the Coast. 2008. http://www.wizards.com/magic/tcg/productarticle.aspx?x=mtg_tcg_abu_productinfo. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  
  4. ^ a b Rosewater, Mark (16 February 2009). "25 Random Things about Magic". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/mm/26. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  5. ^ US patent 5662332
  6. ^ Varney, Allen (3 May 2006). "The Year in Gaming". The Austin Chronicle. http://www.austinchronicle.com/issues/vol17/issue18/screens.gaming.html. Retrieved 2007-06-03.  
  7. ^ "Pokemon USA, Inc. and Wizards of the Coast, Inc. Resolve Dispute". FindArticles. 29 December 2003. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2003_Dec_29/ai_111705013. Retrieved 2007-09-21.  
  8. ^ "Magic 2010 Rules Chages". Wizards of the Coast. 2009-06-10. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/feature/42a. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  9. ^ a b Galvin, Chris (2005-06-06). "The Magic Pro Tour Hall of Fame". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/feature/268. Retrieved 2006-09-30.  
  10. ^ a b "2009 Pro Tour Prize Structures". The DCI. 2009. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=protour/default/prizes. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  
  11. ^ "Cumulative Prize Money Awarded". Wizards of the Coast. 16 March 2009. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Events.aspx?x=protour/default/prizesawarded. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  
  12. ^ "Magic Online III Launch Blog". Wizards of the Coast. 2008-04-16. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Article.aspx?x=magic/magiconline/iiilaunchblog0408. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  13. ^ a b Hannagan, Charley (31 March 1994). "Magic Playing Cards Conjure Up Big Business - The Cards Turn Player Into Sorcerers Who Cast Spells And Control Creatures". The Post-Standard (Syracuse): p. A1.  
  14. ^ a b Gaslin, Glenn (23 October 1994). "Magic: The Gathering". Newport News: p. G1.  
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Awards". Wizards of the Coast. 2006. http://ww2.wizards.com/Company/Awards/default.aspx. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  16. ^ "Origins Award Winners (1993)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. http://www.originsgamefair.com/awards/1993. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  
  17. ^ a b "Origins Award Winners (1998)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. http://www.originsgamefair.com/awards/1998/list-of-winners. Retrieved 2007-11-01.  
  18. ^ "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules". The DCI. 11 July 2009. pp. 7–8. http://www.wizards.com/magic/comprules/MagicCompRules_20090708.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  19. ^ "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules". The DCI. 11 July 2009. pp. 7. http://www.wizards.com/magic/comprules/MagicCompRules_20090708.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  20. ^ "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules". The DCI. 11 July 2009. pp. 35–40. http://www.wizards.com/magic/comprules/MagicCompRules_20090708.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  21. ^ "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules". The DCI. 11 July 2009. pp. 5–6. http://www.wizards.com/magic/comprules/MagicCompRules_20090708.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  22. ^ "Magic: The Gathering Rules". The DCI. 2009-02-01. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Article.aspx?x=magic/rules. Retrieved 2009-09-24.   This website contains a link to the most up-to-date version of the Comprehensive Rules.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g "Magic: The Gathering Tournament Rules". The DCI. 1 July 2009. http://www.wizards.com/dci/downloads/MTG_MTR_1Jul09_EN.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  24. ^ LaPille, Tom (26 July 2009). "Crafting a Vintage". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/ld/44. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  25. ^ "A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering". Kim E Lumbard. 2003. http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~kel/MTG/. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  26. ^ An article on the consideration of "purple" for the set Planar Chaos is at The Color Purple.
  27. ^ A series of articles written by Mark Rosewater describing each color in depth (as well as multicolor cards, artifact or colorless cards, and color-hybrid cards) can be found at the game's official site at MagicTheGathering.com: The Great White Way, True Blue, In the Black, Seeing Red, It's Not Easy Being Green, Just the Artifacts, Ma'am, and Midas Touch.
  28. ^ "Card of the Day — July, 2006". Wizards of the Coast. 2006-07-27. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/cotd/0706. Retrieved 2006-09-30. "Black removal spells like Terror or Dark Banishing that could take out large-sized creatures historically had the drawback of not being able to affect other black creatures, and sometimes not artifact creatures either. Since then this drawback has been tweaked in many ways that no longer limit the cards to just non-black or non-artifact."  
  29. ^ Brady Dommermuth (2006-02-01). "Ask Wizards". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/askwizards/0206#1. Retrieved 2006-09-26. "The particular issue of red's connection to earth and stone has another aspect as well, though. Red has and will continue to have earth/stone-themed cards. But green wants to be connected to earth as well, in the soil sense. So red gives up a few of its 'earth' cards for green's sake."  
  30. ^ Mark Rosewater (2003-08-18). "The Value of Pie". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/daily/mr85. Retrieved 2006-09-30.  
  31. ^ Knutson, Ted (9 September 2006). "Magic Jargon". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/academy/9. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  32. ^ Moldenhauer-Salazar, Jay (23 March 2000). "Mmmmmmmmmana...Five Rules For Avoiding Mana-Screw". starcitygames.com. http://www.starcitygames.com/php/news/article/890.html. Retrieved 2009-07-24.  
  33. ^ Rosewater, Mark (2004-02-23). "Starting Over". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/daily/mr112b. Retrieved 2007-02-11.  
  34. ^ Smith, Bennie (2006-04-27). "Nephilim Are Prismatastic!". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/daily/bs58. Retrieved 2007-02-11.   This article explains this mulligan rule in the Prismatic format, where it is called a "big deck" mulligan. The rule was added to all multiplayer Magic Online later, as explained in this official announcement.
  35. ^ "The Original Magic Rulebook". Wizards of the Coast. 2004-12-25. http://www.wizards.com/magic/magazine/article.aspx?x=mtgcom/daily/jc20. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  36. ^ Avi Flamholz (2004-07-13). "Money, Proxies, and the Must-Have List — A Case for Vintage". Starcitygames. http://www.starcitygames.com/php/news/article/7614.html. Retrieved 2006-09-30. "More and more, the larger U.S. Vintage tournaments are unsanctioned and allow growing numbers of proxies (usually five to ten, sometimes unlimited). In fact, I would be hard pressed to find a sanctioned Type 1 tournament (A.K.A. proxy-free) in the last year or so that drew more than thirty people (other than major conventions like GenCon)."  
  37. ^ "Gateway". Wizards of the Coast. 2008. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=events/magic/gateway. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  38. ^ "Friday Night Magic". Wizards of the Coast. June 2009. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Events.aspx?x=events/magic/fnm&dcmp=ILC-MTGNTOP. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  39. ^ a b "Pro Tour". Wizards of the Coast. 2009. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Events.aspx?x=mtgcom/events/protour. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  40. ^ a b "2009 Magic: The Gathering Worlds Championships". Wizards of the Coast. 2009. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Events.aspx?x=events/magic/worlds. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  41. ^ "Grand Prix". Wizards of the Coast. 2009. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/TCG/Events.aspx?x=grandprix/welcome. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  42. ^ "Arjan van Leeuwen Devours Paris". Wizards of the Coast. 2008-10-18. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/eventcoverage/gppar08/welcome. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  
  43. ^ "Gatherer". Wizards of the Coast. http://gatherer.wizards.com/Pages/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2009-06-09.  , the official Magic card database.
  44. ^ Mark Rosewater (2006-02-06). "Coldsnap Q & A". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/daily/mr214b. Retrieved 2006-09-30.   shows those 9 languages as of the summer of 2006. Magic was previously printed in Traditional Chinese (used in Taiwan) and Korean, but this stopped after Urza's Saga, when Simplified Chinese was added, the official language of the People's Republic of China. See www.magiclibrary.net for a language history, albeit one that is not updated any more.
  45. ^ "Magic Arcana: Worldwake". Wizards of the Coast. 2009-08-03. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/arcana/246. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  46. ^ "Card Face Redesign FAQ". Wizards of the Coast. 2003-01-20. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/feature/121. Retrieved 2006-09-30.  
  47. ^ Lynch, Dennis (20 March 1997). "Two companies offer The Gathering, but only one is spellbinding". Chicago Tribune: p. 8.  
  48. ^ Buckland, Patrick (17 June 2009). "Duels of the Planeswalkers: The Magic Engine". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtg/daily/feature/43c. Retrieved 2009-08-10.  
  49. ^ Langley, Ryan (23 July 2009). "XBLA: Magic: The Gathering Sells 170,000 in 5 Weeks". Gamer Bytes. http://www.gamerbytes.com/2009/07/magic_the_gathering_sells_1700.php. Retrieved 2009-08-10.  
  50. ^ "Most Expensive Magic: The Gathering Card". Most Expensive Journal. 2008-03-17. http://most-expensive.net/magic-gathering-card. Retrieved 2009-12-06.  
  51. ^ Beckett Magic The Gathering Magazine, Issue 3, December 2005/January 2006, pg. 10, "Sold! $20,000!"
  52. ^ "Official Reprint Policy". Wizards of the Coast. 2002. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=magic/products/ReprintPolicy. Retrieved 2009-04-18.   Note, however, that Magic Head Designer Mark Rosewater has indicated that the policy is now considered a mistake; nevertheless, they have also said that they will maintain the policy to insure Wizards' promises are taken seriously.
  53. ^ Jarvis, Jeremy (2007-01-01). "Ask Wizards". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/askwizards/0107. Retrieved 2007-04-21. "In the ‘old days’, art descriptions were vague suggestions of images... Neither continuity nor the idea of worldbuilding (creating distinctive and unique worlds and settings) would become issues until some time later."  
  54. ^ Buehler, Randy (2003-11-21). "Flight of Fancy". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/magic/magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/daily/rb98. Retrieved 2007-04-21.  
  55. ^ Cavotta, Matt (2005-09-07). "The Magic Style Guide". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/daily/mc3. Retrieved 2007-04-21.  
  56. ^ Chase, Elaine (2002-06-17). "Ask Wizards". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/askwizards/0602. Retrieved 2007-02-15. "While we don't like to completely rule anything out, there currently are not any plans to repeat the alternate art within a set model. The main reason is that most players recognize cards through the artwork."  
  57. ^ Rosewater, Mark (2004-04-26). "Collecting My Thoughts". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=mtgcom/daily/mr121. Retrieved 2006-06-30.  
  58. ^ "Chinese Skeleton". Wizards of the Coast. 2002-03-13. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/arcana/50. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  
  59. ^ "Alternate Chinese Art in Ravnica Part 1". Wizards of the Coast. 2005-11-14. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/arcana/948. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  
  60. ^ Rosewater, Mark (2004-07-05). "Where Have All The Demons Gone Today". Wizards of the Coast. http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/daily/mr131. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  

Further reading

  • Baldwin & Waters (1998). The Art of Magic: A fantasy of world building and the art of the Rath Cycle. Renton, WA: Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1178-6.  
  • Moursund, Beth (2002). The Complete Encyclopedia of Magic: The Gathering. New York, NY: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-443-2.  

External links


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

.From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!^ The game is more fun when you can play your spells.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

^ However, if your non land mana source has 3 casting cost or more, do not count it as a non land mana source.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ And, check back every day as we add more and more MAGIC features for your MTG gaming needs.
  • Worldwake Spoiler, Zendikar, M10  Magic the Gathering MTG Trading Cards Megasite 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC gamingetc.com [Source type: General]
  • Worldwake Spoiler, Zendikar, M10  Magic the Gathering MTG Trading Cards Megasite 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC gamingetc.com [Source type: General]
  • Magic 2010 Core Set Planechase Magic the Gathering MTG Trading Cards Megasite 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC gamingetc.com [Source type: General]

.
Magic: The Gathering (Magic and MTG are common nicknames) is a card game originally created by Richard Garfield, but is now owned released by Wizards of the Coast since 1993.
^ Magic: The Gathering (colloquially "Magic", "MTG", or "Magic Cards") is a collectible card game created by mathematics professor Richard Garfield and introduced in 1993 by Wizards of the Coast.
  • Magic the Gathering Card Game - Your resource for Magic the Gathering Card Game, Magic the Gathering, Magic the Gathering Strategy, Magic the Gathering Card List, Magic the Gathering Deck Ideas, Wizard of the Coast, Magic the Gathering Cards, Magic the Gathering Store, Magic the Gathering Downloads, Magic the Gathering Online 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC magicthegatheringcardgame.com [Source type: General]

^ Where to sell Magic the gathering cards in Paris?
  • Magic the Gathering Card Game - Your resource for Magic the Gathering Card Game, Magic the Gathering, Magic the Gathering Strategy, Magic the Gathering Card List, Magic the Gathering Deck Ideas, Wizard of the Coast, Magic the Gathering Cards, Magic the Gathering Store, Magic the Gathering Downloads, Magic the Gathering Online 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC magicthegatheringcardgame.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic the Gathering Cards for an inventory check?
  • Magic the Gathering Card Game - Your resource for Magic the Gathering Card Game, Magic the Gathering, Magic the Gathering Strategy, Magic the Gathering Card List, Magic the Gathering Deck Ideas, Wizard of the Coast, Magic the Gathering Cards, Magic the Gathering Store, Magic the Gathering Downloads, Magic the Gathering Online 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC magicthegatheringcardgame.com [Source type: General]

.Players use decks of illustrated playing cards to play.^ I used to play Magic Cards with this guy!
  • I used to play Magic Cards with this guy! - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I used to play that deck.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ Magic can be played by two or more players each using a deck of printed cards or a deck of virtual cards through the Internet-based Magic: The Gathering Online or third-party programs.
  • Magic the Gathering Card Game - Your resource for Magic the Gathering Card Game, Magic the Gathering, Magic the Gathering Strategy, Magic the Gathering Card List, Magic the Gathering Deck Ideas, Wizard of the Coast, Magic the Gathering Cards, Magic the Gathering Store, Magic the Gathering Downloads, Magic the Gathering Online 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC magicthegatheringcardgame.com [Source type: General]

.Games of MTG typically have two players, but any number of players may play.^ Two third of the game are played with sideboard.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

^ A Planar Magic game may be a two- player game or a multiplayer game .
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two-Headed Giant games are played with two teams of two players each.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]



card stub
This .Card games-related article is a stub.^ In 2003, the patent was an element of a larger legal dispute between Wizards of the Coast and Nintendo , regarding trade secrets related to Nintendo's Pokémon Trading Card Game .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Article Tools: Suppliers in the category of "Card Games" Shop for Toy Products in the category of "Card Games" .
  • TDmonthly - Magic: The Gathering? 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.toydirectory.com [Source type: General]

You can help by adding to it.
Stubs are articles that writers have begun work on, but are not yet complete enough to be considered finished articles.

Contents

Card sets

.There are three types of sets, starter, advanced and expert.^ Since 1993, there are over 20 sets and a total of 89 different sets and the entire game has well over 1000 different types of cards.
  • [Planning] Magic The Gathering NeoWiki - NeoWiki Requests and Planning - Neoseeker Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.neoseeker.com [Source type: General]

.Expert sets starting with Ice Age have one core set and two expansion sets.^ One nice thing about it is that the core set comes with four decks that are basically designed for multiplayer and is very playable out of the box.
  • The Bottom Feeder: Magic: The Gathering - Duels of the Planeswalkers Review 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC jeff-vogel.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ We were expecting our second set to be ‘ Magic : Ice Age ’, and to have chapters in this book going along, but that was before we sort of ran them all together.
  • Magic The Gathering | Collectors’ Quest 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.collectorsquest.com [Source type: General]

^ I started with Ice Age and Fourth Edition, and gave up not too long after Tempest.
  • The Bottom Feeder: Magic: The Gathering - Duels of the Planeswalkers Review 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC jeff-vogel.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

Starter sets
  • Portal
  • Portal: Second Age
  • Portal: Three Kingdoms
Advanced sets
Expert sets
  • Arabian Nights
  • Antiquities
  • Legends
  • The Dark
  • Fallen Empires
  • Ice Age
  • Homelands
  • Alliances
  • Mirage
  • Visions
  • Weatherlight
  • Tempest
  • Stronghold
  • Exodus
  • Urza's Saga
  • Urza's Legacy
  • Urza's Destiny
  • Mercadian Masques
  • Nemesis
  • Prophecy
  • Invasion
  • Planeshift
  • Apocalypse
  • Odyssey
  • Torment
  • Judgment
  • Onslaught
  • Legions
  • Scourge
  • Mirrodin
  • Darksteel
  • Fifth Dawn
  • Champions of Kamigawa
  • Betrayors of Kamigawa
  • Saviors of Kamigawa (coming June 2005)
  • Ravnica: City of Guilds (coming October 2005)
Joke sets
Miscellaneous
  • Promotional cards

Tournament formats

.There are two forms of tournaments, constructed and limited.^ There are two types of organized play, Constructed and Limited .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ There are two standard deck sizes: Limited 40 card decks and Constructed 60 card decks.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

^ Limited is played in two forms: sealed or draft.
  • E3 Interview: Mark Rosewater - Head Designer of Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

.Contructed lets you build a deck with a minimum of sixty cards of your own.^ Please label your Deck with the format you are building in.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Pojo.com Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.biz [Source type: General]

^ You then pick the cards you like and build your own custom deck from that.
  • The Bottom Feeder: Magic: The Gathering - Duels of the Planeswalkers Review 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC jeff-vogel.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ When you build your deck, ask yourself these questions: .
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

.In Limited, you must build a deck with a minimum of fourty cards with the cards given to you through boosters (and tournament packs).^ It’s not limited to Conflux, you can see any cards.

^ Magic: Shadowmoor - Tournament Pack Deck (75 cards) Reg.
  • inMint.com - Magic: Shadowmoor - Mortal Coil Theme Deck (60 cards) - Magic: The Gathering Trading Card Game 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.inmint.com [Source type: General]

^ As you progress through it, you can unlock more decks and more cards.
  • Destructoid - Review: Magic: The Gathering: Duels of the Planeswalkers 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.destructoid.com [Source type: General]

.Constructed can be divided into Block Constucted, Standard, Extended, Legacy and Vintage.^ A lot of our developers, guys we have hired off the pro tours, will really sink their teeth into trying to build standard decks with the cards, block decks with the cards and look and see if there is any impact on extended and type one.
  • E3 Interviews: Randy Buehler - Head of Research and Development for Magic: The Gathering | Playfeed 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC games.gearlive.com [Source type: General]

^ Extended, Type 1 & Type 1.5 For Discussion of Type 1 (Vintage), 1.5 (Legacy), 1.X (Extended).
  • Magic: The Gathering - Pojo.com Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.biz [Source type: General]

^ They include Vintage (Type 1), Legacy (Type 1.5), Extended (Type 1.x), Standard (Type 2), and Block .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.Limited can be divided into Booster Draft, Rochester Draft, Sealed and Team Sealed.^ Limited (Sealed and Draft) Check here to find all the current wisdom on draft and sealed strategies.
  • The Wizards Community > Forum Category - Magic: The Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC community.wizards.com [Source type: General]

^ Limited Magic Discussion For discussions pertaining to the "Limited" environment (Draft, Sealed, etc.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Pojo.com Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.biz [Source type: General]

^ The Spoils Limited (Sealed Deck and Booster Draft) Strategy and Deck Discussion .
  • Magic: The Gathering - Pojo.com Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.biz [Source type: General]
  • [OFFER] German Card�s (JD�s, LL-Stuff and more [Wantz] Your HaVeZ - Pojo.com Forums 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.biz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Apprentice Junk. - Pojo.com Forums 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.pojo.biz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Popular archetypes

(Feel free to add and/or correct. Spelling may be incorrect.)
  • Aluren Combo
  • Artifact Red
Uses Goblin Welder.
  • Blue-Green Madness
  • Blue-White Control
Control with Wrath of God, Story Circle and Blinding Angel. Millstone for a win condition.
  • Blue Skies
.Cheap blue flying creatures and Curiosity to draw and control with free Counterspells.^ The defending player , who controls a Swamp , can block the flying creature if able.
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, Blue has a relatively large number of flying creatures, which it shares with White and Black, which are next to it.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ You cast a spell that says " Draw a card for each creature you control ."
  • Yawgatog.com - Resources - Hyperlinked Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC yawgatog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Broken Blue (alright, I made this up)
Tolarian Academy + Mind Over Matter + Stroke of Genius = instant death
  • Counter-Burn
Shard Phoenix to kill weenies. Sometimes uses Forbid and Squee for reusable counterspells.
  • Counter-Rebel
Lin Sivvi and her army of Rebels.
  • Counter-Sliver
Fear the Slivers.
  • Draw-Go
  • Enchantress
  • Fires
Fires of Yavimaya combined with Saproling Burst hurts a lot.
  • Forbidian
  • Fruity Pebbles
Uses Enduring Renewal and Goblin Bombardment.
  • Goblins
Goblin Lackey got banned. =(
  • Machine Head
  • Miracle Grow
.An Blue-Green deck that makes Quirion Dryad grow.^ Once i am in a town and want to edit my deck, there is only the option to include black, white,red, blue,green cards into the deck.
  • Magic the Gathering on XP 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.compatdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Toby sent us a new " Peasant Magic Deck: Green/red/blue Totem " for the Peasant Magic section of the site.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ For instance, if I wanted to make an immobilization deck, I would do some research to find that blue was the best color for that, then I would look up cards to make that deck.
  • OMGPOP Forums - Clubs - MAGIC: THE GATHERING 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.omgpop.com [Source type: Original source]

  • Mono Black Control
  • Necro
Revolves around the most powerful black card ever: Necropotence
  • Nether-Go
  • Orbosition
.Uses Opposition and Winter Orb/Static Orb for a lockdown.^ Winter Orb/Stasis/Boomerang/Balance/Wrath/Disenchant/Counter/Force of Will/Swords to Plowshares/Zuran Orb lockdown/permission was my favorite deck archetype.
  • Magic the Gathering: Duels of the Planeswalkers | Gamers With Jobs 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.gamerswithjobs.com [Source type: General]

  • PandeBurst
Pandemonium and Saproling Burst does exactly 21 damage. Spike Feeder laughes at this.
  • PT Junk
.A variant of Three-Deuce that uses Black instead of White for discard.^ The new frame design aimed to improve contrast and readability using black type instead of the previous white, a new font, and partitioned areas for the name, card type, and power and toughness.
  • Magic: The Gathering - Deckipedia 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC cards.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ X,Y,Z: The symbols for variable mana costs Note the use of B for Black and U for blUe.
  • Magic: The Gathering Rules FAQ, v5.00 (part 1) 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Magic: The Gathering Rules FAQ, v5.00 (part 1) 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • ProsBloom
Prosperity and Cadaverous Bloom combo
  • Ponza
  • Pox
  • Psychatog
  • Raffinity
  • Reanimator
Uses Entomb to dump creatures and Reanimate or Exhume to get resurrect big creatures.
  • Recurring Survival
The deck that won Brian Selden the world championship in 1998.
  • Secret Force
.Uses Natural Order to fish out Verdant Force for the win.^ The basic winning strategy of a brute force creature deck is simple: field lots of creatures quickly and use them to smash the opponent.
  • A Beginners Guide to Magic the Gathering 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.ugcs.caltech.edu [Source type: General]

  • Star Spangled Slaughter
  • Stasis
Annoying Stasis
  • Sligh
  • Stompy
  • Suicide Black
.A fast deck that uses Dark Ritual as its fuel.^ Good early disruption card as it can be used with Dark Ritual and Duress on first turn.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

.Cards like Duress and Hatred help its goal.^ It may not seem like it, but trust me, cards like those are very very helpful.
  • OMGPOP Forums - Clubs - MAGIC: THE GATHERING 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC www.omgpop.com [Source type: Original source]

  • Three-Deuce
.A utility Green-White-Red deck with cheap spells from the three colors.^ Today Robert has a White-Green-Red Slivers deck for you.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ Enemy Color List: White - black and red Blue - red and green Black - white and green Red - white and blue Green - black and blue .
  • Magic: The Gathering@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ A red green deck that is aggressive.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

  • Tinker
The deck that won Jon Finkel the world championship in 2000.
  • Tradewind Survival
  • Trinity Green
.An aggro deck that uses Plow Under, Tangle Wire and Deranged Hermit.^ Tarmogoyf, Crucible of Worlds, Ichorid deck and Aggro Loam deck uses or gain effects from graveyard heavily.
  • Magic the Gathering Strategy 11 January 2010 23:46 UTC magic-sg.com [Source type: General]

  • Trix
Also known as Illusions-Donate.
  • Turbo Land
  • White Weenie
.A White deck that uses small creatures and Armageddon or Cataclysm to win.^ Today he's reviewing a White Creature Deck.
  • Pojo's Magic the Gathering Site - News, Tips, Decks & Feature Articles 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC www.pojo.com [Source type: General]

^ One of my proudest geek achievements was winning a $1,000 tournament in Boston with a G/W Armageddon deck.
  • Magic the Gathering: Duels of the Planeswalkers | Gamers With Jobs 10 February 2010 11:11 UTC www.gamerswithjobs.com [Source type: General]

^ (I used a mainly green-white hybrid deck, but had a wild card called "Insurgence" and just enough mountain to use it.
  • Interview: Magic the Gathering -- Duels of the Planeswalkers 6 February 2010 12:34 UTC xbox.joystiq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Wildfire
The deck that won Kai Budde the world championship in 1999.

Banned and Resticted list

(Maybe we should have a seperate page for this. It's pretty huge.)

The following cards are banned in the Standard format as of March 1, 2005.
  • Ancient Den
  • Arcbound Ravager
  • Darksteel Citadel
  • Disciple of the Vault
  • Great Furnace
  • Seat of the Synod
  • Skullclamp
  • Tree of Tales
  • Vault of Whispers

The following cards are banned in the Extended format as of March 1, 2005.
  • Ancient Tomb
  • Dark Ritual
  • Dream Halls
  • Earthcraft
  • Entomb
  • Frantic Search
  • Goblin Lackey
  • Goblin Recruiter
  • Grim Monolith
  • Hermit Druid
  • Lotus Petal
  • Memory Jar
  • Metalworker
  • Mind Over Matter
  • Oath of Druids
  • Replenish
  • Survival of the Fittest
  • Skullclamp
  • Time Spiral
  • Tinker
  • Tolarian Academy
  • Windfall
  • Yawgmoth's Bargain
  • Yawgmoth's Will

The following cards are banned in the Legacy format as of March 1, 2005.
  • Amulet of Quoz
  • Ancestral Recall
  • Balance
  • Bazaar of Baghdad
  • Black Lotus
  • Black Vise
  • Bronze Tablet
  • Channel
  • Chaos Orb
  • Contract from Below
  • Darkpact
  • Demonic Attorney
  • Demonic Consultation
  • Demonic Tutor
  • Dream Halls
  • Earthcraft
  • Entomb Falling Star
  • Fastbond
  • Frantic Search
  • Goblin Recruiter
  • Grim Monolith
  • Gush
  • Hermit Druid
  • Illusionary Mask
  • Jeweled Bird
  • Land Tax
  • Library of Alexandria
  • Mana Crypt
  • Mana Drain
  • Mana Vault
  • Memory Jar
  • Metalworker
  • Mind Over Matter
  • Mind Twist
  • Mind's Desire
  • Mishra's Workshop
  • Mox Emerald
  • Mox Jet
  • Mox Pearl
  • Mox Ruby
  • Mox Sapphire
  • Necropotence
  • Oath of Druids
  • Rebirth
  • Replenish
  • Skullclamp
  • Sol Ring
  • Strip Mine
  • Tempest Efreet
  • Time Spiral
  • Time Walk
  • Timetwister
  • Timmerian Fiends
  • Tinker
  • Tolarian Academy
  • Vampiric Tutor
  • Wheel of Fortune
  • Windfall
  • Worldgorger Dragon
  • Yawgmoth's Bargain
  • Yawgmoth's Will
The following cards are banned in the Vintage format as of March 1, 2005.
  • Any ante card
  • Chaos Orb
  • Falling Star
The following cards are restricted in the Vintage format as of March 1, 2005.
  • Ancestral Recall
  • Balance
  • Black Lotus
  • Black Vise
  • Burning Wish
  • Channel
  • Chrome Mox
  • Crop Rotation
  • Demonic Consultation
  • Demonic Tutor
  • Dream Halls
  • Enlightened Tutor
  • Entomb
  • Fact or Fiction
  • Fastbond
  • Frantic Search
  • Grim Monolith
  • Gush
  • Library of Alexandria
  • Lion's Eye Diamond
  • Lotus Petal
  • Mana Crypt
  • Mana Vault
  • Memory Jar
  • Mind Over Matter
  • Mind Twist
  • Mind's Desire
  • Mox Diamond
  • Mox Emerald
  • Mox Jet
  • Mox Pearl
  • Mox Ruby
  • Mox Sapphire
  • Mystical Tutor
  • Necropotence
  • Regrowth
  • Sol Ring
  • Strip Mine
  • Time Spiral
  • Time Walk
  • Timetwister
  • Tinker
  • Tolarian Academy
  • Trinisphere -- effective March 20, 2005
  • Vampiric Tutor
  • Voltaic Key
  • Wheel of Fortune
  • Windfall
  • Yawgmoth's Bargain
  • Yawgmoth's Will

Video Games

  • Magic: The Gathering (Shandalar)
  • Magic: The Gathering Battlegrounds
  • Magic: The Gathering Online

See Also


This article uses material from the "Magic: The Gathering" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Magic: The Gathering is a CCG (Collectable Card Game). The game uses a fantasy world involving magic.

The game is played by 2 or more people. Players attack each other causing them to lose life points. Each player starts at 20 life points. There are many kinds of cards that can be used to reduce another player's life. Players can attack another player with a creature or deal direct damage with a spell. You win the game by reducing your opponent's life to 0, when you opponent runs out of cards to draw or through a win condition determined by a card.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Magic: The Gathering, which are similar to those in the above article.








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