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Yulan magnolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus: M. subg. Yulania
Section: M. sect. Yulania subsect. Yulania
Species: M. denudata
Binomial name
Magnolia denudata

Magnolia denudata, known as the Yulan magnolia (Chinese: 玉蘭花), is native to central and eastern China. It has been cultivated in Chinese Buddhist temple gardens since 600 AD. Its flowers were regarded as a symbol of purity in the Tang Dynasty and it was planted in the grounds of the Emperor's palace. It is the official city flower of Shanghai.

Contents

Description

Magnolia denudata a rather low, rounded, thickly branched, and coarse-textured tree to 30' tall. The leaves are ovate, bright green, 15 cm long and 8 cm wide. Bark is a coarse dark gray. The 10–16 cm white flowers that emerge from early to late spring, while beautiful and thick with a citrus-lemon fragrance, are prone to browning if subjected to frost.

view of a fully grown Magnolia denudata
botanical park, Opatija, Croatia

Cultivation

This plant is similar to other magnolias in that it likes rich, moist soil and should be planted in a location where it is protected from elemental extremes.

References

  1. Russell, Tony & Catherine Cutler (Hermes House 2004) Trees, an Illustrated Identifier and Encyclopedia Aness Publishing.

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Magnolia denudata

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus:Magnoliids
Ordo: Magnoliales
Familia: Magnoliaceae
Subfamilia: Magnolioideae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus: M. subg. Yulania
Section: M. sect. Yulania
Subsection: M. subsect.  Yulania
Species: Magnolia denudata

Name

Magnolia denudata Desr.

Synonyms

  • Gwillimia yulan (Desf.) Kostel.
  • Lassonia heptapeta Buc'hoz
  • Magnolia alexandrina Steud.
  • Magnolia citriodora Steud.
  • Magnolia conspicua Salisb.
  • Magnolia conspicua var. purpurascens Rehder & E.H.Wilson
  • Magnolia conspicua var. rosea Veits
  • Magnolia cyathiformis Rinz ex K.Koch
  • Magnolia denudata var. angustitepala T.B.Chao & Z.S.Chun
  • Magnolia denudata var. pyramidalis T.B.Chao & Z.X.Chen
  • Magnolia heptapeta (Buc'hoz) Dandy
  • Magnolia obovata var. denudata (Desr.) DC.
  • Magnolia precia Corrêa ex Vent.
  • Magnolia purpurea var. denudata (Desr.) Loudon
  • Magnolia spectabilis G.Nicholson
  • Magnolia superba G.Nicholson
  • Magnolia triumphans G.Nicholson
  • Magnolia yulan Desf.
  • Michelia yulan (Desf.) Kostel.
  • Yulania conspicua (Salisb.) Spach
  • Yulania denudata (Desr.) D.L.Fu
  • Yulania denudata var. pubescens D.L.Fu, T.B.Chao & G.H.Tian
  • Yulania pyriformis (T.D.Yang & T.C.Cui) D.L.Fu

Hybrids

References

  • J. B. A. P. M. de Lamarck & L. A. J. Desrousseaux, Encycl. 3:675. 1792
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]
  • Magnolia denudata Desr., Jul 11, 2005, Catalog of Life consortium
  • Bisby FA, Roskov YR, Orrell TM, Nicolson D, Paglinawan LE, Bailly N, Kirk PM, Bourgoin T, van Hertum J, eds (2008). Magnolia denudata Desr. (accepted name), Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2008/. Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
  • Ondřej Zicha(ed.). BioLib: Lilytree. [online]. c2007 [29 August 2008]. Available online: http://www.biolib.cz/en/taxonnames/id125454/

Vernacular names

Česky: šácholan olysalý
Deutsch: Yulan-Magnolie
English: Yulan magnolia, Lilytree, yu lan, yulan
Français: magnolia dénudé
日本語: ハクモクレン(白木蓮)
Polski: Magnolia naga
Português: magnólia
Slovenčina: magnólia holá
中文: 玉蘭
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Magnolia denudata on Wikimedia Commons.
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