The Full Wiki

More info on Maham Anga

Maham Anga: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marriage of Adham Khan, son of Maham Anga, Akbarnama 1590-1595. Seated just below Akbar himself denotes Maham Anga's position in the Imperial court
Adham Khan's Tomb, which also serves as his mother, Maham Anga's tomb, Mehrauli, Delhi.
Khairul Manazil, a mosque opposite Purana Qila, Delhi, built by Maham Anga

Maham Anga (d.1562) was the wet nurse of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, and often referred as his foster mother as she took care of young Akbar, as his own mother, Hamida Banu Begum was mostly away, with his father, Humayun was i exile, thorough Akbar's growing years. She was the de facto regent of the Mughal state after the exclusion of Bairam Khan in 1560 to Akbar's assumption of full power in 1562, shortly before her death.

The period is referred to by some historians as the "The Petticoat Government", suggesting that the 'foster mother cohort' attempted to keep Akbar as a puppet ruler after Bairam Khan's death. An alternative perspective is that this regency was considerably less oppressive than that of Bairam Khan, and ended in considerably less destruction than the Uzbeg Revolt of 1564-7.

Maham Anga was the mother of Adham Khan, Akbar's foster brother, and his violent execution for the murder of Ataga Khan, Akbar’s favourite general Shams-ud-Din, at the hands of the young Emperor himself no less in November, 1561, profoundly affected her. She famously commented 'You have done well' to Akbar when he broke the news to her; she died shortly afterwards.

Her tomb and that of her son, known as Adham Khan's Tomb, was built by Akbar, and popularly named Bhul-bulaiyan, owing to the labyrinth in its structure, lies north of the Qutub Minar in Mehrauli.

Khairul Manazil

She also built a mosque, 'Khairul Manazil' ca 1561 CE. It later served as a madarsa, and now stands opposite, Purana Qila, Delhi on Mathura Road, south eats to Sher Shah Gate [1].

It was here that A slave tried to kill Akbar, after his return from hunting and moving towards Nizamuddin Dargah, but the arrow hit a soldier in his entourage instead, who was hurt, albeit not gravely [2]


  • Mughal Architecture of Delhi : A Study of Mosques and Tombs (1556-1627 A.D.), by Praduman K. Sharma, Sundeep, 2001, ISBN 81-7574-094-9. Chapter 4.
  • B.V. Bhavan 'The Mughal Empire' (Bombay 1974) The Cambridge History of India v.4 Abu'l Fazl 'Akbarnama' Badauni.


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address