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Mahlon Dickerson


In office
July 1, 1834 – June 30, 1838
Preceded by Levi Woodbury
Succeeded by James K. Paulding

In office
October 26, 1815 – February 1, 1817
Preceded by William Sanford Pennington
Succeeded by Isaac Halstead Williamson

United States Senator from New Jersey (Class 2)
In office
March 4, 1817 – January 30, 1829
Preceded by John Condit
Succeeded by Theodore Frelinghuysen

United States Senator from New Jersey (Class 1)
In office
January 30, 1829 – March 3, 1833
Preceded by Ephraim Bateman
Succeeded by Samuel L. Southard

Born April 17, 1770(1770-04-17)
Hanover Township, New Jersey, U.S.
Died October 5, 1853 (aged 83)
Succasunna, New Jersey, U.S.
Political party Democratic-Republican, Democrat
Alma mater College of New Jersey
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Judge
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Service/branch New Jersey Detached Militia
Rank Private
Battles/wars Whiskey Rebellion

Mahlon Dickerson (April 17, 1770 – October 5, 1853) was an American judge and politician. He was elected Governor of New Jersey as well as United States Senator from that state. He was twice appointed Secretary of the Navy --under Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin van Buren. He was the elder brother of New Jersey Governor Philemon Dickerson.

Born in Hanover Township, New Jersey, he educated by private tutors and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1789. He then studied the law and was admitted to the bar in 1793.

During the Whiskey Rebellion, he served as a private in the Second Regiment Cavalry, New Jersey Detached Militia.

After his militia service, he settled in Philadelphia, and began practicing in Pennsylvania courts in 1797. He was named state commissioner of bankruptcy in 1802, served as adjutant general of Pennsylvania from 1805 to 1808, and as Philadelphia city recorder from 1808 to 1810.

He returned to New Jersey, settling in Morris County in 1810. Elected to the New Jersey General Assembly in 1811, he served one term. He was law reporter for the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1813 to 1814, and a justice of the same from 1813 to 1815. He was elected Governor of New Jersey in 1815 and served until 1817, having been elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate in 1816.

Dickerson served in the Senate from March 4, 1817 to January 30, 1829, when he resigned, but he was immediately reelected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Ephraim Bateman and served from January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833, for a total of 16 years of service. Dickerson served as chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on the Library during the 15th Congress, chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce and Manufactures for the 16th through 18th Congresses and the U.S. Senate Committee on Manufactures from the 19th through 22nd Congresses.

In 1833, upon leaving the Senate, he was elected to the New Jersey State Council for Morris County and served as Vice President for that term. In 1834 he declined appointment as Minister to Russia. In June of that year, he was appointed Secretary of the Navy by President Andrew Jackson and was reappointed by President Martin Van Buren, serving until June 1838. The destroyer USS Dickerson was named in his honor.

In 1840, he was appointed judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey as a place holder so his brother Philemon wouldn't have to give up his seat in the closely divided House of Representatives until very near the end of the Congress and the Van Buren Administration, so he served less than one year. President Van Buren nominated Dickerson on July 14, 1840 to a seat vacated by William Rossell. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 21, 1840, and received commission on July 23, 1840. Dickerson resigned from the court on February 16, 1841. He was also a delegate to the New Jersey constitutional convention of 1844.

Dickerson died in 1853 in Succasunna, New Jersey and is interred at Presbyterian Cemetery, Succasunna.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
William Sanford Pennington
Governor of New Jersey
October 26, 1815 - February 1, 1817
Succeeded by
Isaac Halstead Williamson
United States Senate
Preceded by
John Condit
United States Senator (Class 2) from New Jersey
March 4, 1817–January 30, 1829
Served alongside: James J. Wilson, Samuel L. Southard, Joseph McIlvaine, Ephraim Bateman
Succeeded by
Theodore Frelinghuysen
Preceded by
Ephraim Bateman
United States Senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
January 30, 1829–March 3, 1833
Served alongside: Theodore Frelinghuysen
Succeeded by
Samuel L. Southard
Military offices
Preceded by
Levi Woodbury
United States Secretary of the Navy
1834 – 1838
Succeeded by
James K. Paulding
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