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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mahonia
Mahonia japonica fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Mahonia
Nutt.
Species

About 70 species

Mahonia is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalayas, North America and Central America. They are closely related to the genus Berberis. Botanists disagree on the acceptability of the genus name Mahonia. Several authorities argue plants in this genus should be included in the genus Berberis because several species in both genera are able to hybridize, and because when the two genera are looked at as a whole, there is no definite morphological separation.[1] Mahonia typically have large, pinnate leaves 10-50 cm long with 5-15 leaflets, and flowers in racemes(5-20 cm long).

The genus name Mahonia honors the Philadelphia horticulturist Bernard McMahon who introduced the plant from materials collected by the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

The type species of the genus is Mahonia aquifolium, (Oregon-grape) from the Pacific coast of North America. The species name aquifolium attributes the leaf to be holly-like.

Several species are popular garden shrubs, grown for their ornamental evergreen foliage, yellow flowers in winter/early spring, and blue-black berries. The berries are edible, and rich in vitamin C, though with a very sharp flavor.

Contents

Selected species

North and Central America    
Asia
  • Mahonia bealei
  • Mahonia bodinieri
  • Mahonia bracteolata
  • Mahonia breviracema
  • Mahonia conferta
  • Mahonia confusa
  • Mahonia decipiens
  • Mahonia duclouxiana
  • Mahonia eurybracteata
  • Mahonia fordii
  • Mahonia fortunei
  • Mahonia gracillipes
  • Mahonia hancockiana
  • Mahonia japonica
  • Mahonia leptodonta
  • Mahonia lomariifolia
  • Mahonia longibracteata
  • Mahonia mairei
  • Mahonia monyulensis
  • Mahonia napaulensis
  • Mahonia nitens
  • Mahonia oiwakensis
  • Mahonia repens
  • Mahonia setosa
  • Mahonia sheniii
  • Mahonia sheridaniana
  • Mahonia siamensis
  • Mahonia taroneasis
  • Mahonia veitchiorum

Hybrids and Cultivars

References

  1. ^ "Berberis Linnaeus". Flora of North America. http://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=103816.  

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Mahonia aquifolium

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Unassigned Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales
Familia: Berberidaceae
Subfamilia: Berberidoideae
Tribus: Berberideae
Subtribus: Berberidinae
Genus: Mahonia
Species: M. arguta - M. aquifolium - M. bealei - †M. bilinica - M. bodinieri - M. bracteolata - M. breviracema - M. conferta - M. confusa - M. decipiens - M. dictyota - M. duclouxiana - M. eurybracteata - M. eutriphylla - M. fordii - M. fortunei - M. fremontii - M. gracilis - M. gracillipes - M. haematocarpa - M. hancockiana - M. japonica - M. leptodonta - M. lomariifolia - M. longibracteata - M. mairei - †M. marginata - M. media - M. monyulensis - M. napaulensis - M. nitens - M. nervosa - M. nevinii - M. oiwakensis - M. pinnata - M. repens - M. setosa - M. sheniii - M. sheridaniana - M. siamensis - †M. simplex - M. swaseyi - M. taroneasis - M. toluacensis - M. trifolia - M. trifoliolata - M. veitchiorum

Vernacular name

Türkçe: Sarıboya ağacı

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