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'Mair Kshatriya',Mair Rajput' or Mede Rajput(Punjabi language and other pronunciation) is the name of a oldest warriors from Aryan community of India. Mair, Meyer, Meir, Mayr, Medes and Khmer are same surname all over the World, many of them are Catholic, Jews and Muslim. In India Mair Rajputs are Hindu/Sikh by religion and comprise of the warrior race of Rajputs who had migrated from the regions of Ajmer-Merwara and Rajputana thousands of years ago. Mehrgarh(Urdu: م‍ﮩ‍رگڑھ now in Pakistan) is the name of the most important Neolithic (7000 BCE to c. 2500 BCE) sites in archaeology, oldest sites of India, Mehergarh depict world oldest place of Neolithic Peoples, who were for better then western peoples at that time.. One another civilisation of Mairs is Sumerian(in Sanskrit Su-mer mean- good Mer,), also related to Indian Medes.. but in the world history so many things are manipulated and forged by the western historians, Truths must be needed. Under the dynasty of the Achaemenid (500-600BCE.) Medes empire comprise India, Iran, Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt, Asia minor with its Greek towns and some islands, Central Asia, Caucasus. The largest empire of the anciet world, the founder was Cyrus (KURU) the Great. With the movement of the armies that brought Medes rule over many parts of the WORLD many in other times due to defferent reasons on their homeland of Ajmer-Merwara (in present day Rajasthan) and had settled down in all over world.[citation needed].



During the ensuing prolonged period of lasting peace thereafter when Indian warriors could not be supported by the intruders and nor they could accept to work for intruders armies, who had tried to rule after many successive invasions on India, those ancient Hindu Original Kshatriya/Rajputs who came to be known as Mair or Mades Rajputs. They were become a businessman after golden age of India, and many of them had gone outside of the country and north east (The Varman dynasty Bhauma dynasty ruled Kamarupa (Assam) from 350 to 650)part of India. Shandilya,Gargas,Bhauma,Augastyas,Gautem etc. are big gotras of mair kshatriyas.Some of them spiritually converted for the peacefulness of life. Ancient rajputs were trying to do some precious business and they decided for specializing in selling gold, silver, other precious metals including precious stones and jewelry / ornaments crafted from these. They are not only Punjabi Mair Rajput, many of them in Rajisthan, Punjab, Gujrat, M.P and rest of India from Big Gotras called Mair kshatriyas but most of the mairs are "Nanagotri" blong to Medes warriors community and they are Mair Rajputs. Nowadays Mair kshatriyas/Rajputs have migrated and settled down all over the world from India they are living every where in the World.[citation needed]

Mair Rajputs Today

The Mair Rajputs today are mostly found in northwest India, in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,West UP,M.P.,Jammu and Kashmir, and Rajasthan. The capital city of Delhi also contains a sizable number of Mair Rajputs.

Mairs probably were not goldsmiths. However, due to the ignorance of their origins, Mairs have eventually come to be classed under goldsmiths.

In the world history of south asia Med rajputs are very creative skilled as well as they were brave from ancient time- When Cyrus chose to build Pasargadae(500-600BCE.), he had a long artistic tradition behind him that probably was distinctly Iranian already and that was in many ways the equal of any. The columned hall in architecture can now be seen as belonging to an architectural tradition on the Iranian Plateau that extended back through the Median period. The rich Achaemenid gold work, which inscriptions suggest may have been a specialty of the Medes,

One another fact describing in the construction of his palace at Susa,the Acheamenid (MEDO-PERSIAN) empire Darius records that "The cedar timber from there (a mountain by name Lebanon) was brought, the yaka timber was brought from Gandara and from Carmania. The gold was brought from Sardis and from Bactria . . . the precious stone lapis-lazuli and carnelian . . . was brought from Sogdiana. The turquoise from Chorasmia, the silver and ebony from Egypt, the ornamentation from Ionia, the ivory from Ethiopia and from Sindh (Pakistan) and from Arachosia. The stone-cutters who wrought the stone, those were Ionians and Sardians. The goldsmiths were Medes and Egyptians. The men who wrought the wood, those were Sardians and Egyptians. The men who wrought the baked brick, those were Babylonians. The men who adorned the wall, those were Medes and Egyptians." At that time all Indian warriors called Medes in Persia.

Blunt wrote in his 1969 book that even though Mair Sonars claim a Kshatriya (Rajput) descent, "none of these claims have so far been satisfactorily proved" (211). However, he adds that "the Sonar is an occupational caste of high antiquity, and some of its subcastes may very well be of Kshatriya descent; for since the guild of goldsmiths must have been of high position and repute, it would be one of those that Kshatriyas would be most likely to join" (211). The [Kshatriya/Rajput] claim of Mair and Tank Sonars is of old standing in the Punjab, going back to 1901 (228). The research on this home page provides a strong case for Mairs to be listed as a Rajput tribe.

The Western convention of a first, middle, and last name has wreaked havoc on identifying common ancestors amongst Indians. Before the British, Indians had used their "first name" and "middle name." The Western convention of the last name was not necessary because most people in the villages had distinct names.

When Indian families started writing "last names," they had several alternatives from which to choose. For example, some Mair Rajputs chose to use their gothra (family name) as their last name. Others chose to use "Rajput" or "Mair." Still others chose "Verma" or "Singh." Another last name that is used is "Chauhan." Even though most Mairs believe or have heard that there is some connection between the Mair Rajputs and Chauhan Rajputs, no Mair has been able to supply me with concrete details. However, the possibility of a Mair/Chauhan link is described in other links on this home page.

The most common last name among Mairs is "Verma." Originally affixed to the names of rulers[1] in India and South East Asia. "Varma"/"Varman" and "Burman" is also used as a surname in modern times by Kshatriya communities in India such as Kshatriya Rajus of Andhra Pradesh, Samanta Kshatriyas, Kshatriyas of Bengal and Tripura, Bunts of Karnataka and Nairs of Kerala. This title is also used by some Nepali Kshatriyas, where it is often transliterated as 'Burma'. Nowadays, it is a general last name that is used by people primarily from northern India and by people of many different states, tribes, castes, and gothras. As a surname, Verma does not give much information about a person's origins.
Verma (Varma), meaning "shield," is a word of central Asian origin and was originally surname for warriors (Walker 119)
but ancient fact behind of this is from 'Parashar Grahe Sutra'. Verma is a very old title of aryans royal Medes Kshatriyas,this title gone out side from India to all over world and central Asia.

Verma Kshatriyas.pdf शर्म ब्राहमणस्य वर्म क्षत्रियस्य गुप्तेती वैश्यस्य.

There were some Mair (Meda) kings whose names ended with Verma. A Mair (Meda) dynasty ruled the town of Ramgarh, which is about 67 kilometers east of Kota in Rajasthan, from the ninth or tenth centuries (Jain 439). Jain mentioned the kings Malaya Verma and Trisasa Varma as being of the Meda dynasty. Nar Verma and Jasu Verma were two Rajput princes during the tenth and eleventh centuries.[1]


The word "Mair" (Mér), is derived from the Sanskrit word for a mountain or hill, "mera" (Tod 9). The word "Mairs" therefore signifies those who reside in the mountains, or hills. According to Bhagvata and Vishnu Puran, Medes or Mair Kshatriyas are one of the oldest warriors. Mair Kshatriyas are originally from Lord Brahama dynesty King Ajmenid अजमीढ़ . Badmer, Ajmer, Jesalmer are some of ancient cities of old Aryans Medes,mer or mair. After Golden age the Mahabharat fall of the Mairs Empire a power vacuum shortly existed in the region.(In the Sanskrit Mahabharat The Word MAIRBHUTI मैढ़-भूति, Ajmenid-nandan अजमीढ़-नंदन, KURU-KULAM कुरु कुल वंशी used for Rajas so many times), Kurukshetra War against the Kuruavas which is detailed in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. In this war, the Kshatriyas assumed the role of warriors for either side of the battle,after the war of Mahabharat Pandavs had gone for Swargarohan(Battle of heven) with all armies. Dispersal and dissolving of Mairs resulted medes had gone for movement to ancient Median Empires of Indian mair kshatriyas in Iran. The Medes are credited with the foundation of the first Iranian empire, the largest of its day until Cyrus (KURUS)कुरु the Great established a unified Iranian empire of the Medes(Indian origin) and Persians, often referred to as the Achaemenid Empire,( KING Ajmenid of Aryavrata ancestor of all Medes ). by defeating his grandfather and overlord, Astyages the Raja of Media. In the Sumerian history there were a powerful dynesty of old medes in ancient time, they were Indian origin Aryans. According to the Sumerian(mair) king list, the first five rulers of Akkad (Sargon, Rimush, Manishtusu, Naram-Sin,(NARSING) (all Sanskirt name) and Shar-kali-sharri) ruled for a long time. Sargon built a large empire in the late 8th or the 7th century B C lists no fewer than 65 cities and lands belonging to that empire. Yet, even if Magan and Kapturu (Crete) are given as the eastern and western limits of the conquered territories, Sargon appointed one of his daughters priestess of the moon god in Ur. She took the name of Enheduanna and was succeeded in the same office by Enmenanna, a daughter of Naram-Sin. Enheduanna must have been a very gifted woman; two Sumerian hymns by her have been preserved, and she is also said to have been instrumental in starting a collection of songs dedicated to the temples of Babylonia. (Mesopotamia to the end of the Old Babylonian period » Sumerian civilization » Sumer and Akkad from 2350 to 2000 bc)

Mair Kshatriyas had ruled over in Cambodia as Suryavarman II (Khmer) (posthumous name Paramavishnuloka) was king of the Khmer Empire from 1113 A.D. to 1145-1150 A.D. and the builder of Angkor Wat, which he dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. His reign's monumental architecture, numerous military campaigns and restoration of strong government have led historians to rank Suryavarman as one of the empire's greatest kings.

With the partition of India in 1947 into India and Pakistan the Indian state of Punjab was also split in two. Hindus and Sikhs including Mair Rajputs living in the portion of Punjab that was given to the newly created Muslim country of Pakistan had to leave by force to save themselves from communal slaughters and forceful conversion to Islam, many of them fled their ancestral homeland now in Pakistan in a complete destitute state and had to start life afresh in India. All their ancestral land, property and wealth was left behind in what was now Pakistan. [2]

Life was tough for the refugees including the Mair Rajputs at the beginning after partition; they had to live in a destitute state in refugee camps in India before they were allotted specially constructed houses in the Refugee colonies by the government of India. Many of them settled in Delhi and other parts of India after partition.[citation needed]

Today they are again a very successful clan of people and have brought pride for their families and country by excelling in all walks of life, many of them joined the Armed Forces[citation needed]. The British recruited from this clan too from amongst the Rajputs for their Rajput Regiments due to their famous Rajput warrior bloodline and today the Indian Army continuous this tradition.[citation needed]

A small percentage of them still continue to do business however majority of them were abruptly shocked to find that in portions of India outside Punjab where they had to migrate to (after the partition of India),Mair Rajputs in their recent history having been business working with Gold and precious metals, to enable them to better their situation but as Rajputs they would be classified under Forward class with no additional privileges. Mair Rajputs are of the warrior cast "Kshatriya" which is the second highest cast in India after the learned "Brahmins". "Kshatriya" or the Rajputs are the ruling cast of India, a cast of Warriors and Kings / Rajas. Thus the Mair Rajput families after having migrated out of Punjab (the portion that was given to create the Muslim country of Pakistan) to India during partition in 1947 were embarrassed to mention their family craft and business as that of having known to be that of Sunars in the most recent past. They instead preferred to call themselves as "Mair Rajputs", which is of course also true and hid any association to Sunars / Goldsmiths / Jewelers. Many had already left practicing as Sunars many generations ago and entered other professions especially after higher education was more readily available.

More Rajput Clues

Chattopadhyaya in his book explored the process of "Rajputization." This was a gradual evolution of several tribes into political dominance in a given area of Rajasthan. Citing Yadava's Society and Culture in Northern India, he mentioned the "Medas who are considered to have reached the Rajput status from a tribal background" (63). Another tribal group to eventually be considered Rajputs were the Huns.

Several clues are to be found in a 1996 listing of Indian tribes. The "Merh" are listed as a subgroup of goldsmiths in Rajasthan along with the "Mair Rajputs" of Punjab (Singh 1787). The Doondari, Marwari, and Rajputana are groups of goldsmiths living in Delhi (1787-88). Doondar, Marwar, and Rajputana are all part of present-day Rajasthan. The Gehlot (Sisodia) Rajputs and Bhalla Rajputs are listed as allied clans to the goldsmiths, and hence, the Mair Rajputs (1788).

Under the heading of "Merh Sonars" in Madhya Pradesh, the most common surnames are Chandravanshi, Chauhan, Dahiya, Pawar, Rathor, and Suryavanshi, and a group of the goldsmiths is called Ajmerji (Singh 1789). The first six are Rajput names and the last one, Ajmerji, refers to the Rajasthani city of Ajmer. It is another hint to the Merh Sonars' origins lying in Ajmer. Finally, it is a logical conclusion to relate the Merh Sonars of Madhya Pradesh to the Mair Rajputs of Punjab.

Other Issues

Although several Mair Rajput gothras may have Bhatti Rajput origins, I did not find nearly as many claims to Chauhan Rajput origins. It may be that some gothras are Chauhan branches but by many marriages between the Bhattis and Chauhans, the Chauhan origins have become obscured. A second more plausible explanation would be that many Mair Rajputs who were actually Chauhans listed themselves as Bhattis in the 1901 claims that were made. Many people tended to confuse different Rajput tribes with one another in the British censuses. Ibbetson also offers a helpful answer to this puzzling issue: "...the term Bhatti is commonly applied to any...Rajput from the direction [south] of the Satluj [River]" (145). Therefore, Mairs in Punjab who were originally associated with the Chauhans may have come to call themselves Bhattis because they had come from south of the Satluj River.

Secondly, from the 1901 claims, it does not seem that the Mair Rajputs are descended from one common ancestor. From Tod's account of the Rajasthan Mairs, one can conclude that those clans who had married with the Bhattis and Chauhans may have left the region at the same time and eventually settled in Punjab. Unfortunately, these questions cannot be answered conclusively. Only time and further effort will tell which theory is true. [3]

Hinduism, Sikhism and Punjabi Hindu Rajputs

Punjabi Hindus hold Sikhism in high regard, many Punjabi Hindus not only in India but worldwide today visit their local Gurudwaras regularly and adhere to the preaching’s of the Guru Granth Sahib. Sikhism is traditionally seen as a religion of warriors who were protectors of Hindus and Dharma against Islamic invaders who sought to convert Hindus to Islam by lethal force and against oppressive Mughal government and religious extremism of Mughal Emperors and specially that of Aurangzeb.

There has been a long standing practice in Punjab which still continuous where Hindu families give their first born son to the Guru to be baptized as a Khalsa Sikh and join the Guru’s army of protectors. This practice started when Guru Gobind Singh in 1699 asked the Hindu families to give him their eldest sons to help raise the new Khalsa Army to protect Dharma and all against Mughal tyranny and forced conversions to Islam. As it is the Hindu religious duty of every Kshatriya including every Rajput to bear arms and protect society and the Dharma, local Punjabi Hindu Kshtriya families including Rajputs living in Punjab keenly supported the Guru and offered him their eldest sons all too willingly and the tradition continued hence many Punjabi Rajput families too have been giving their eldest sons to be enrolled in the Guru’s Army and baptized as Khalsa Sikhs. Thus there are many Hindu, Punjabi Hindu Rajput and Punjabi Hindu Mair Rajput families whose kin are proud followers of Sikhism today with their eldest sons as baptized Khalsa Sikhs. Thus there are many Sikhs who call themselves "Sikh Rajputs" today and still use Rajput family names. Early migrated mairs are doing very well for themselves in all fields, many Mair / Punjabi Rajput associations have cropped up all over the world specially in UK, USA and Canada yesss[citation needed].

Clans (surnames)

Verma, Ranger, Babbar, Rajput: Bagga: Bhatti: Buttar: Baghel: Bagri: Bhutta: Bir: Chauhan: Dhalla: Dhariwal: Desor (Dasaur): Dhunna: Gogar: Gogna: Jaura: Kanda: Karwal(Gharwal?): Khangar(Khungar): Khurmi: Khich: Luddhar(Ladhar): Luthra: Main: Mandhari: Masaun(Masson)Mausun: Mitru: Nischal (Nichal): Pajji: Plaud: Roda: Rana: Rudra: Sadhiora(Sehdev/Sahdev): Sarna : Shinh (Sinh): Sohal: Sur:

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Talib, Gurbachan (1950). Muslim League Attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947. India: Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. 
  3. ^

External links



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