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Coordinates: 48°48′21″N 2°26′27″E / 48.80583°N 2.44083°E / 48.80583; 2.44083

Commune of Maisons-Alfort

Location
Maisons-Alfort map.svg
Paris and inner ring départements
Coordinates 48°48′21″N 2°26′27″E / 48.80583°N 2.44083°E / 48.80583; 2.44083
Administration
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-de-Marne
Arrondissement Créteil
Canton 2 cantons
Mayor Michel Herbillon
Statistics
Elevation 24–47 m (79–150 ft)
Land area1 5.38 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
Population2 53,900  (2005 [1])
 - Density 10,019 /km2 (25,950 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 94046/ 94700
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Maisons-Alfort is a commune in the south-eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.4 km (5.2 mi). (5.2 miles) from the center of Paris.

Maisons-Alfort is famous as the location of the National Veterinary School of Alfort, the most renowned veterinary medical school in France. The Fort de Charenton, constructed between 1841 and 1845, has since 1959 housed the Commandement des Écoles de la Gendarmerie Nationale.

Contents

Name

Originally, Maisons-Alfort was called simply Maisons. The name Maisons comes from Medieval Latin Mansiones, meaning "the houses".

At the creation of the commune during the French Revolution, the name of the hamlet of Alfort was joined with the name of Maisons. The name Alfort comes from the manor built there by Peter of Aigueblanche, Bishop of Hereford (England), in the middle of the 13th century. The name of this Manor of Hereford was corrupted into Harefort, then Hallefort, and eventually Alfort. The National Veterinary School of Alfort was settled several centuries later in the manor and its estate.

History

On 1 April 1885, 40% of the territory of Maisons-Alfort was detached and became the commune of Alfortville.

In 1905, Buffalo Bill stayed two months in Maisons-Alfort while his famous Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show performed in Paris.

Demographics

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Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Maisons-Alfort in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
82.8% 17.2%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.9% 3.4% 3.1% 8.8%
¹This group is made up largely of pieds-noirs from Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
² An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Administration

Maisons-Alfort is divided into two cantons:

  • Maisons-Alfort-Nord, with 23,704 inhabitants;
  • Maisons-Alfort-Sud, with 27 399 inhabitants.

Points of interest

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Maisons-Alfort is twinned with Moers in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Transport

Maisons-Alfort is served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 8: École Vétérinaire de Maisons-Alfort, Maisons-Alfort — Stade, and Maisons-Alfort — Les Juilliottes.

It is also served by two stations on Paris RER line D: Maisons-Alfort – Alfortville and Le Vert de Maisons.

References

  1. ^ 2005 estimate, 51,103 at the 1999 census

External links


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