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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Goya's La maja vestida, c. 1798–1805.

Majo (masc.) or Maja (fem.) were terms for people from the lower classes of Spanish society, especially in Madrid, who distinguished themselves by their elaborate outfits and sense of style in dress and manners; the English term dandy carries a similar, but not identical meaning. They flourished from the late 18th to early 19th century, and to some extent later. Majos of both sexes were a favourite subject of the painter Francisco Goya.

The majos outfits were exaggerations of traditional Spanish dress. The style stood in strong contrast to the French styles affected by many of the Spanish elite under the influence of the Enlightenment. Majos were known to pick fights with those they saw as afrancesados ("Frenchified").[1]

The term later became a more general word meaning "pretty" or "nice looking" (synonymous with bonito). This meaning survives in modern Spanish.

El paseo por Andalucía, by Francisco de Goya, depicts both majas and majos.

A more recent twist in the meaning turns majo into a simple synonym of simpático, i.e. it is an adjective referring to anyone who is "nice" or has a pleasant personality. This is the most common use these days, although some Spaniards occasionally complain that it is not the true meaning.

In Spanish, the word possesses derived forms such as the diminutive majete and the superlative majísimo.

Notes

  1. ^ Charles J. Esdaile, Spain in the Liberal Age, Blackwell, 2000. ISBN 0631149880. p. 10.

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also maja

Contents

Danish

Proper noun

Maja

  1. A female given name, diminutive of Maria.

German

Alternative spellings

Proper noun

Maja

  1. A female given name, diminutive of Maria.

Norwegian

Proper noun

Maja

  1. A female given name, diminutive of Maria.

Slovene

Proper noun

Maja

  1. A female given name.

Swedish

Proper noun

Maja

  1. A female given name, a medieval diminutive of Maria.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Maja squinado

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Brachyura
Sectio: Eubrachyura
Subsectio: Heterotremata
Superfamilia: Majoidea
Familia: Majidae
Genus: Maja
Species: M. verrucosa - M. squinado

Name

Maja Lamarck, 1801

Vernacular names

English: European Spider Crab, Spiny Spider Crab
Español: Centollas
Italiano: Grancevole
Vèneto: Granzéole

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