The Full Wiki

Major religious groups: Wikis

  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

.The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, although this is by no means a uniform practice.^ The major world religions Om Sakthi!
  • The major world religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.omsakthi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This has given rise to the major world religions.
  • The major world religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.omsakthi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Number of followers of major world religions.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0113529.html 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]

.This theory began in the 18th century with the goal of recognizing the relative levels of civility in non-European societies.^ RELS 222 THE MULTICULTURAL FACES OF JESUS 3 hours Introduces students to understandings of Jesus emerging from non-Western cultures and from groups on the margins of society.
  • Religious Studies Course Descriptions : Clarke College 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.clarke.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Civil marriage is an agreement between two people and the state, which is recognized at all levels of government.

^ Century Europe (3) An examination of European society, its institutions and movements, and its accomplishments from 1815-1914.
  • Major in History - Presbyterian College 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.presby.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, it quickly transformed into a subset of the universalist belief that all religious figures teach of a single, cross-cultural truth.^ The value and truth of religious life and belief.
  • Religious Studies (Relig): Iowa State University Catalog 2007-2009 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.public.iastate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Publisher's Description: Not all people of different cultures and religious beliefs live halfway around the globe.
  • Neighboring Faiths: A Christian Introduction to World Religions - Reformation Heritage Books 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.heritagebooks.org [Source type: General]

^ The religious beliefs of almost all of the world's people can be grouped into four broad categories the largest are the monotheists who worship the God of Abraham.
  • .: www.youthXchange.net - RELIGIOUS GROUPS :. 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.youthxchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For a more comprehensive list of religions and an outline of some of their basic relationships, please see the article list of religions.^ For more articles on World Religions, please see the Apologetics page  .
  • World Religions - Sovereign Truth Ministries 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC home.earthlink.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A further Broad Group (No Religion) has been included in the classification for practical reasons and to make the classification more useful (see: Scope of the classification).
  • 1266.0 - Australian Standard Classification of Religious Groups (ASCRG), 1996 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.abs.gov.au [Source type: Reference]

^ To see more documents/articles regarding this group/organization/subject click here .
  • Russia May Outlaw Religious Group 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Seminar Compares Terrorist Groups To Cults 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: News]

Contents

History of religious categories

.In world cultures, there have traditionally been many different groupings of religious belief.^ There are many major world religions.
  • Web Links 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC wps.prenhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Percentage of world population by religious group* .
  • .: www.youthXchange.net - RELIGIOUS GROUPS :. 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.youthxchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many religious groups in the country are associated with U.S. religious groups.
  • Ivorian Religious Freedom - NCBuy Country Reference for Cote d'Ivoire 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.ncbuy.com [Source type: Original source]

.In India and China, different religious philosophies were traditionally respected as academic differences in pursuit of the same truth.^ Whatever their differences, most religious studies majors agree that, as one student put it, "we are really one people; we just have different ways of expressing truth."

^ If the application process is somewhat different, the restrictions for Temporary Religious Worker and Permanent Religious Worker are basically the same.
  • Information on how to apply for Permanent Residence as a Special Immigrant Religious Worker 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.rapidimmigration.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We seek to nurture and encourage students of faith to deepen their engagement with their own faith traditions, while developing respect for religious difference.
  • Allegheny College: Religious Life 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.allegheny.edu [Source type: General]

.In Islam, the Qur'an mentions three different categories: Muslims, the People of the Book, and idol worshipers.^ The religious beliefs of almost all of the world's people can be grouped into four broad categories the largest are the monotheists who worship the God of Abraham.
  • .: www.youthXchange.net - RELIGIOUS GROUPS :. 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.youthxchange.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I suppose where I differ is where I believe that whatever people like to worship, physics and economics kicks in, and they have to start behaving like every one else in the long term.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Boston Globe on Speech Offensive to Different Religious Groups: 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Children and young people are not sure whether different religions worship the same God or different Gods.
  • Introduction to Religious Edu... 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.To some extent these theories of religiousness are still prevalent today.^ If you're surprised at some of these titles, you shouldn't forget that a student who majors in Religious Studies gains skills that can be used in several industries!
  • Religious Studies | Stony Brook University Career Center 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.career.sunysb.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "And while women's higher levels of spirituality and religiousness might be expected, we were surprised that some of these differences aren't more pronounced."

^ Officials in some areas contended these religious venues drained local resources and served as a conduit for political infiltration by the Tibetan exile community.
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2009 - China (Includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau) (10/26/2009) - Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong and Macau 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC hongkong.usconsulate.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the most common classification today was birthed out of Western Christianity.^ Most Americans or Westerners today, however, will not do so.
  • MAJOR NIDAL HASAN: CONTINUING THE LEGACY | The Last Crusade 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC thelastcrusade.org [Source type: News]

^ However, most extracurricular school events begin and end with an interdenominational Christian prayer.
  • International Religious Freedom English- Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC majuro.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Views evolved during the enlightenment, however, and, by the 19th century, Western scholars considered the five major religions to be Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Initially, Christians had a simple dichotomy of world beliefs: Christian civility versus foreign heresy or barbarity.^ Christianity is not only the single most powerful influence on the history and development of Western civilization and culture, but the largest and most widespread religion in the world today.
  • RELIGIOUS STUDIES | Office of the Registrar | University of Prince Edward Island 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.upei.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Approximately 70 percent of foreigners living in the country are Muslim and 20 percent are Christian, with small percentages practicing other religious beliefs, including Judaism.
  • 2007 International Religious Freedom Report for Cote d’Ivoire - U.S. Embassy Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC abidjan.usembassy.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tags: islam, christianity, judaism, belief, god, influence World Religions An overview and summary of many of the main religions of the world , including Christianity, Judaism, and Eastern religions .
  • Term Papers on world religions | world religions essays | AcaDemon 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.academon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the eighteenth century, "heresy" was clarified to mean Judaism and Islam; along with outright paganism, this created a fourfold classification which spawned such works as John Toland's Nazarenus, or Jewish, Gentile, and Mahometan Christianity, which represented the three Abrahamic traditions as different "nations" or sects within religion itself, the true monotheism.^ Introduction to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, the three major traditions that originated in the Middle East.
  • RELIGIOUS STUDIES (AS) {RELS} 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.upenn.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Islamic doctrine maintains that Islam’s monotheism continues that of Judaism and Christianity.

^ Islam, one of the three major world religions, along with Judaism and Christianity, which profess monotheism, or the belief in a single God.

.At the turn of the 18th century, in between 1780 and 1810, the language dramatically changed: instead of "religion" being synonymous with spirituality, authors began using the plural, "religions", to refer to both Christianity and other forms of worship.^ Christianity has been a dominant religion since the middle of this century with the Anglican, Methodist, and American Southern Baptist demonimations being the most popular.
  • The Yoruba and Other Major Nigerian Ethnic Groups 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.postcolonialweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, they examine religions as subjects of academic inquiry, and they use a variety of methods to do so, humanistic, social scientific, at times even natural scientific.
  • Department: - Philosophy and Religious Studies - McDaniel College - acalog ACMS™ 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC catalog.mcdaniel.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This trend reflects the changing religious landscape of the United States with significant new immigrant groups who worship outside the dominant Judeo-Christian traditions.
  • Introduction to the World's Major Religions — www.greenwood.com 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.greenwood.com [Source type: Academic]

This new definition was described as follows by Daniel Defoe: "Religion is properly the Worship given to God, but 'tis also applied to the Worship of Idols and false Deities."[1]
.In 1838, the four-way division of Christianity, Judaism, "Mahommedanism" and Paganism was multiplied considerably by Josiah Conder's Analytical and Comparative View of All Religions Now Extant among Mankind.^ A Christian view on world religions.
  • World Religions - Web - WebCrawler 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.webcrawler.com [Source type: News]

^ Major_religious_groups • The major world religions Concise descriptions of the major world religions including hinduism, judaism, zoroastrianism, buddhism, shinto, confucianism, jainism, taoism, christianity, islam, ...
  • Five Major World Religions - Web - WebCrawler 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.webcrawler.com [Source type: News]

^ CHIST 227 / Eastern Christianity - ( view ) History of the four Ancient Patriarchates and the seven separated churches of the East until the time of the Roman Schism.
  • Drew University | Theological & Religious Studies Courses -- Caspersen School Catalog -- Drew University 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.drew.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Conder's work still adheres to the four-way classification, but in his eye for detail he puts together much historical work to create something resembling our modern Western image: he includes Druze, Yezidis, Mandeans, and Elamites under a list of possibly monotheistic groups, and under the final category, of "polytheism and pantheism", he lists Zoroastrianism, "Vedas, Puranas, Tantras, Reformed sects" of India as well as "Brahminical idolatry", Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, "Lamaism", "religion of China and Japan", and "illiterate superstitions".[2]
.Even through the late nineteenth century, it was common to view these "pagan" sects as dead traditions which preceded Christianity, the final, complete word of God.^ Emphasis on late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
  • Women's Studies Major | Central Michigan University 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.cmich.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Now, within these popular Italy travel there is a Christian Italy made out of religious traditions, customs and architecture that are the quintessence of the bimillenaire religious history of Italy.
  • Religious Holidays | Catholic Italy | Religious Tours | Christian Italy 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.rometravels.com [Source type: General]

^ Kurdish nationalism manifested itself in the late nineteenth century inter alia in the publication of the first periodical in Kurdish in 1897.
  • Ethnic and Religious Groups In Iraq - US - Iraq War - ProCon.org 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC usiraq.procon.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This in no way reflected the reality of religious experience: Christians supposed these traditions to have maintained themselves in an unchanging state since whenever they were "invented", but actually all traditions survived in the words and deeds of people, some of whom could make radical new inventions without needing to create a new sect.^ "Benevolent organizations were also founded with the hope that by uniting all religious people in a common cause they could create a common Christianity."
  • Religious Groups, Benevolent Organizations, and American Pluralism 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC are.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With all of these words .
  • myth :: Demythologization of major religious traditions -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United States :: Religious groups -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ These questions are by no means new questions for Christians.
  • International Committee for the Peace Council: Hough, The Religious Situation in America 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.peacecouncil.org [Source type: Original source]

.The biggest problem in this approach was the existence of Islam, a religion which had been "founded" after Christianity, and which had been experienced by Christians as intellectual and material prosperity.^ Islam is the second biggest religion in the world.

^ Religions of the Book: Holy Places & Pilgrimages Judaism, Christianity, Islam: though these religions have much in common, each has its own special history, rituals, holy places, and personal interpretations.
  • Films for the Humanities and Sciences - Credo: An Introduction to the Major Religious Traditions of Europe 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC ffh.films.com [Source type: General]

^ Three major world religions (Christianity, Islam & Buddhism) have spread tens of thousands of kilometres from their place of origin, to hundreds of millions of followers.

By the nineteenth century, however, it was possible to dismiss Islam as a revelation of "the letter, which killeth", given to savage desert nomads.[3] .In this context, the term "world religion" referred only to Christianity, which Europeans considered uniquely posed to civilize the world.^ A Christian view on world religions.
  • World Religions - Web - WebCrawler 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.webcrawler.com [Source type: News]

^ ReligionFacts Reference guide to world religions.
  • World Religions - Web - WebCrawler 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.webcrawler.com [Source type: News]

^ Two tracks: Christianity and World Religions.
  • Reports: Theology Major Requirements July 2003 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC groups.creighton.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The modern meaning of the phrase "world religion" began with the 1893 Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago, Illinois.^ Paper read at the World’s Parliament of Religions, Chicago, September 19.
  • Human Nature Views from Major World Religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC chiron.valdosta.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This parliament represented the largest gathering of religious leaders in history and would serve not only to commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the original meeting (Chicago, 1893), but also to plan for the world’s “spiritual future.” Approximately 5,500 religious leaders from a multitude of denominations and religions attended this convention.
  • New World Religion 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This table indicates the approximate date each of the twelve major world religions began, along with the traditional dates for the birth and death of its founder (if applicable).
  • Timeline: Major Religion Origin 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Reference]

.This event was sharply criticized by European Orientalists up until the 1960s as "unscientific", because it allowed religious leaders to speak for themselves instead of bowing to the superior knowledge of the Western academic.^ Because religious studies is an interdisciplinary field, it makes use of a wide variety of methods and academic disciplines.
  • Religious Studies | Yale College Programs of Study 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Religion Bowl, an annual religious trivia competition, allows students of all beliefs to share their knowledge of world religions.
  • Religion at K-State 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC consider.k-state.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MAJOR WITH INTERDISCIPLINARY CONCENTRATION : Interdisciplinary work in Religious Studies allows a student to pursue the study of religion through the methods and approaches of one particular academic discipline.
  • Occidental College : Religious Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC departments.oxy.edu [Source type: Academic]

.As a result its approach to "world religion" was not taken seriously in the scholarly world for some time.^ It's time to take religion seriously .
  • Course Offerings Spring 2010 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.csun.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Religious courses often take a secular approach, with classes that cover general topics of philosophy, sociology, anthropology, psychology and the history of world religions.
  • Top Religious Studies at SchoolsGalore.com 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC schoolsgalore.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Click here for the full information section on some the major world religions including: Buddhism , Christianity , Hinduism , Islam , Judaism , Shamanism , Wicca .
  • Important.ca. Islam, Islamic Religion, History and Philosophy 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC www.important.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, the Parliament spurred the creation of a dozen privately funded lectures with the intent of informing people of the diversity of religious experience: these lectures funded researchers such as William James, D.T. Suzuki, and Alan Watts.^ Even among conservative religious groups such as white Evangelicals, only 44% said that conservative religious leaders like Pat Robertson and James Dobson represented their views.
  • Progressive and Religious: "Liberal Media?" Not When it Comes to Religion 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC progressiveandreligious.org [Source type: News]

^ Last summer, I did a College-funded internship at the Pluralism Project, a non-profit organization that works to map the religious diversity of the United States.
  • Connecticut College : Religious Studies - Student Experience 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.conncoll.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Today far more people are achieving enlightenment or God realisation through these secular paths such as science, economics, politics, arts, music and literature than the number of people following the religious paths.
  • New World Religion and a New Approach to God 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC www.einterface.net [Source type: News]

[4]
.In the latter half of the 20th century, the category of "world religion" fell into serious question, especially for drawing parallels between vastly different cultures, and thereby creating an arbitrary separation between the religious and the secular.^ Religion and culture in the Greco-Roman World.
  • 2003-04 Undergraduate Catalog - - SMU 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC smu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ What is the difference between a myth, religion and cult?
  • Social Studies/Enlgish 8 Resources 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC mypage.direct.ca [Source type: General]

^ Question: "What is the difference between Christianity and Judaism?"
  • What is the difference between Christianity and Judaism? 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.gotquestions.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .Even history professors have now taken note of these complications and advise against teaching "world religions" in schools.^ A high school world religions course .
  • JPROF - Web journalism - Creating lists in HTML - exercise 1 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.jprof.com [Source type: General]

^ How distinct are these world religions?
  • World Religions - Descriptions of the World's Major Religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.everystudent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Too often in history, religions have set themselves up over and against one another; their confrontations have ranged from debate and discussion to a spirit of competitiveness, intolerance and prejudice, and finally even to warfare and bloodshed.
  • RELIGION GROUPS page 1 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.ngws.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]

Western classification

.Religious traditions fall into super-groups in comparative religion, arranged by historical origin and mutual influence.^ Religious group attacks religion in healthcare .
  • Evangelical Right: Religious group attacks religion in healthcare 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.evangelicalright.com [Source type: News]

^ Generally inquires into the historical development of the Hindu religious tradition.
  • Religious Studies (RELS) Course Descriptions 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC catalog.ou.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • History (HIST) 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This ancient religion was born when the Aryan peoples migrated to Northern India and first put their religious tradition into writing.
  • What is the oldest organized religion? 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC ask.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Abrahamic religions originate in the Middle East, Indian religions in India and Far Eastern religions in East Asia.^ Hinduism is an ancient religion originating in India.
  • The World Religions - A Brief Summary. 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ THEO344 FAR EASTERN RELIGIONS (3.00) .
  • Reports: Theology Major Requirements July 2003 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC groups.creighton.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ REL 5352 Religions of East Asia (3) .
  • Florida International University Course Catalog 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC catalog.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Another group with supra-regional influence are African diasporic religions, which have their origins in Central and West Africa.^ Although the reasoning and origin varies from one group to another, numerous similarities emerge as the basis for charitable giving.
  • Religious Briefing Papers 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC in.learningtogive.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But adherents of African traditional religions and diasporic derivatives are currently listed ennumerated separately on this page.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vodoun : Vodoun is classified here as a subset of African diasporic religion .
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Abrahamic religions are by far the largest group, and these consist mainly of Christianity, Islam and Judaism (sometimes the Bahá'í Faith is also included).^ Conflict with Judaism and Islam shaped how Christians defined their faith.
    • Teaching World Religions - FPRI 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.fpri.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A historical introduction to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
    • 2003-04 Undergraduate Catalog - - SMU 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC smu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The three major western world religions are Christianity , Judaism , and Islam .
    • World Religions (Massey) 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.mesquiteisd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .They are named for the patriarch Abraham, and are unified by the practice of monotheism.^ This means that they are not unified, monolithic bodies sharing in identical doctrine, understanding and practice.
    • Major Branches of Religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Today, around 3.4 billion people are followers of Abrahamic religions and are spread widely around the world apart from the regions around South-East Asia.^ Christianity has the largest number of followers with around 2.1 billion people across the world.
    • About Religious Web Design | About Church Website Design - DreamCo Design | About 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.dreamcodesign.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Christianity is the largest religion in the world with over two billion followers.

    ^ Number of followers of major world religions.
    • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0113529.html 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]

    Several Abrahamic organizations are vigorous proselytizers.[7]
  • .
  • Indian religions originated in Greater India and tend to share a number of key concepts, such as dharma and karma.^ Basically, researchers can use this site to answer such questions as "How many Lutherans live in Wisconsin?", "What are the major religions of India?", or "What percentage of the world is Muslim?"

    ^ The inquiry will be directed at defining and prescribing the role of religion in social analysis, as well as examining the use of Marxian concepts such as illusion, alienation, and fetishism.
    • Religion | General Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.gs.columbia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ While a number of beliefs are shared between some religions, the reality is that most religions differ significantly from each other.
    • CULTWATCH 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.cultwatch.com [Source type: Original source]

    .They are of the most influence across the Indian subcontinent, East Asia, South East Asia, as well as isolated parts of Russia.^ They are found on every continent, but tend to be concentrated in North and South America, Europe, Australia, Western Asia and North Africa.
    • Religions of the World 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.42explore2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The course of study must include the following areas: 1) West Asia and Europe, 2) Africa and the Americas, 3) South, Southeast, and East Asia 4) Methods and Issues in religious studies.
    • Religious Studies Major Guide for 2008-2009 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.utk.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • Religious Studies Major Guide for 2009-2010 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.utk.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Buddhism (3) A study of the life of the Buddha and his teachings as they influenced and transformed the cultures of South and Southeast Asia, China, Japan and the modern West.
    • UNC Asheville 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.unca.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .The main Indian religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism.^ Deepak Sarma, Ph.D. (University of Chicago) Associate Professor Hinduism; Indian philosophy; philosophy of religion; method and theory .
    • Case Western Reserve University - General Bulletin 2009-2011 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.case.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Related Topics List of Religions Different Religions Different Types of Religion Popular World Religions Comparing Religion World Religion Population Differences between Religions Different Religions in America Judaism Christianity Hinduism Buddhism .
    • Questions about Major World Religions - Ask.com 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hinduism Buddhism                                        Zoroastrianism (Parsis) Confucianism Shintoism Sikhism Legalism Daoism/Taoism Jainism .
    • World Religions (Massey) 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.mesquiteisd.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Indian religions mutually influenced each other.^ Religions surveyed as they have been influenced by foreign elements and philosophies, influences on values and tribalism as reflected through symbols and other measures.
    • SDSU Department of Religious Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC religion.sdsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ You also see influences of Judaism and Christianity in other religions, like Bahai'ism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, who have tried to incorporate some asp...
    • Questions about Major World Religions - Ask.com 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]
    • Questions about Major Religions of the World - Ask.com 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

    ^ How has Judaism influenced other major world religions ?
    • Questions about Major Religions of the World - Ask.com 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

    .Sikhism was also influenced by the Abrahamic tradition of Sufism.
  • East Asian religions consist of several East Asian religions which make use of the concept of Tao (in Chinese) or Do (in Japanese or Korean), namely Taoism and Confucianism, both of which are asserted by some scholars to be non-religious in nature.
  • African diasporic religions practiced in the Americas, imported as a result of the Atlantic slave trade of the 16th to 18th centuries, building of traditional religions of Central and West Africa.
  • Indigenous tribal religions, formerly found on every continent, now marginalized by the major organized faiths, but persisting as undercurrents of folk religion.^ New religions and transplanted Asian and African religions.
    • SDSU Department of Religious Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC religion.sdsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ RELB 213 - (3) (O) Taoism and Confuscianism Surveys the major religions of Chinese Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.
    • Department of Religious Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.virginia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ African Traditional & Diasporic: 100 million 9.
    • Major World Religions Ranked by Number of Adherents - Subzero Blue 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.subzeroblue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Includes African traditional religions, Asian Shamanism, Native American religions, Austronesian and Australian Aboriginal traditions, Chinese folk religion, and postwar Shinto.^ New religions and transplanted Asian and African religions.
    • SDSU Department of Religious Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC religion.sdsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Chinese folk religion .

    ^ REL 5122 African-American Religion (3) .
    • Florida International University Course Catalog 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC catalog.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .Under more traditional listings, this has been referred to as "Paganism" along with historical polytheism.
  • Iranic religions (not listed below due to overlaps) originated in Iran and include Zoroastrianism, Yazdanism, Ahl-e Haqq and historical traditions of Gnosticism (Mandaeanism, Manichaeism).^ Christine's Genealogy Web Site Numerous historical references including emigrants to Liberia, slave sales, manumission records and more.
    • Ethnic and Religious Groups : African American Links to 1,000's of Genealogy Sites with Surnames to Find Your Ancestors on Find Your Ancestors on Surname Site - Sites with Genealogy Data 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC surnamesite.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The list includes relief groups representing most major denominations and religions, including Lutherans, Presbyterians, Jews, Baptists and Catholics, as well as the Salvation Army.
    • Bush Administration Charity List Dominated by Religious Groups - Bloomberg.com 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.bloomberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Primal indigenous 150 million Not a single organized religion, includes a wide range of primarily Asian traditional or tribal religions, including Shamanism and Paganism.
    • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It has significant overlaps with Abrahamic traditions, e.g. in Sufism and in recent movements such as Bábísm and the Bahá'í Faith.
  • New religious movement is the term applied to any religious faith which has emerged since the 19th century, often syncretizing, re-interpreting or reviving aspects of older traditions: Hindu revivalism, Ayyavazhi, Pentecostalism, polytheistic reconstructionism, and so forth.

Religious demographics

.One way to define a major religion is by the number of current adherents.^ Alternative summary listings of major world religions and numbers of adherents: .
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One way to define a major world religion is by the current number of current adherents.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adherents.com - Major religions of the world ranked by the number of adherents.
  • The major world religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.omsakthi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The population numbers by religion are computed by a combination of census reports and population surveys (in countries where religion data is not collected in census, for example USA or France), but results can vary widely depending on the way questions are phrased, the definitions of religion used and the bias of the agencies or organizations conducting the survey.^ Relate the data in the population pyramids to the possible growth of various religions.
  • PBS Teachers . Thematic Teaching . World Religions . Grades 8-12 Activity Ideas 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most figures come from census and survey data, which most countries conduct only infrequently.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Population numbers by religion are computed by combination of census reports and population surveys (in countries where religion data is not collected in census, for example USA or France), but results can vary widely depending on the way questions are phrased, the definitions of religion used, and the bias of the agencies or organizations conducting the survey.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Informal or unorganized religions are especially difficult to count.^ Informal or unorganized religions are especially difficult to count.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many nominal Christians and Muslims practice some aspects of traditional indigenous religions, especially in difficult times.
  • Ivorian Religious Freedom - NCBuy Country Reference for Cote d'Ivoire 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.ncbuy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those with no religion or no interest in religion are difficult to convert, especially since the cult and sect beliefs are so extreme by the standards of the surrounding society.
  • Sociology of Religion/Religious Typologies - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no consensus among researchers as to the best methodology for determining the religiosity profile of the world's population.^ There is no reality outside of what the person determines.
  • World Religions - Descriptions of the World's Major Religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.everystudent.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were no reliable statistics that break down the population by denomination.
  • Russia Country International Religious Freedom Report 2006 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC moscow.usembassy.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no consensus among the public -- or Christians for that matter -- as to whether the Bible is actually the word of God, intended to be taken literally.
  • Faith-Based Funding Backed, But Church-State Doubts Abound: SECTION V. Religious Beliefs - Pew Research Center for the People & the Press 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC people-press.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A number of fundamental aspects are unresolved:
  • Whether to count "historically predominant religious culture[s]"[8]
  • Whether to count only those who actively "practice" a particular religion[9]
  • Whether to count based on a concept of "adherence"[10]
  • Whether to count only those who expressly self-identify with a particular denomination[11]
  • Whether to count only adults, or to include children as well.
  • Whether to rely only on official government-provided statistics[12]
  • Whether to use multiple sources and ranges or single "best source(s)"

Largest religions or belief systems by number of adherents

.The table below lists religions classified by philosophy; however, religious philosophy is not always the determining factor in local practice.^ Religious courses often take a secular approach, with classes that cover general topics of philosophy, sociology, anthropology, psychology and the history of world religions.
  • Top Religious Studies at SchoolsGalore.com 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC schoolsgalore.com [Source type: Academic]

^ For over two decades, however, the level of religious practice has been shown convincingly to be equally important.
  • Why Religion Matters: The Impact of Religious Practice on Social Stability 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.nd.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ How is the size of a religion determined for the purposes of this list?
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Please note that this table includes heterodox movements as adherents to their larger philosophical category, although this may be disputed by others within that category.^ Topics may include: a single philosopher's analysis of several philosophic issues; a few philosophers' analyses of one or two closely related issues; or a twentieth century philosopher's reaction to a philosophic text, movement--or even to traditional philosophy itself.
  • Requirements and Courses | Philosophy & Religious Studies Department 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.wagner.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The dispute between the Moldovan and Bessarabian Orthodox Churches is ongoing; however, the adherents of the respective Churches do not interfere with each others' freedom to worship.
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2003 - U.S. Embassy Chisinau, Moldova 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC moldova.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Other areas include family life, education, economy, politics, health, media, inequality, deviance, and social movements.
  • Past Courses : College of Liberal Arts : Purdue University 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC tholian.sla.purdue.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, Cao Đài is listed because it claims to be a separate category from Buddhism, while Hoa Hao is not, even though they are similar new religious movements.^ What this diverse group has in common is a deep regard for the scholarly study of religion, and a love of the questions and answers that emerge — even though they may not agree with the answers they study.
  • SDSU Department of Religious Studies 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC religion.sdsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ There is very little agreement between these religions though, and even less when you factor in other religious groups.
  • Questions about Major Religions of the World - Ask.com 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ On this site, religious tolerance means: "To extend religious freedom to people of all religious traditions, even though you may disagree with their beliefs and/or practices.
  • General Religious Resources, Diversity Services, Dakota State University 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.dsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The population numbers below are computed by a combination of census reports, random surveys (in countries where religion data is not collected in census, for example USA or France), and self-reported attendance numbers, but results can vary widely depending on the way questions are phrased, the definitions of religion used and the bias of the agencies or organizations conducting the survey.^ Relate the data in the population pyramids to the possible growth of various religions.
  • PBS Teachers . Thematic Teaching . World Religions . Grades 8-12 Activity Ideas 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most figures come from census and survey data, which most countries conduct only infrequently.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Population numbers by religion are computed by combination of census reports and population surveys (in countries where religion data is not collected in census, for example USA or France), but results can vary widely depending on the way questions are phrased, the definitions of religion used, and the bias of the agencies or organizations conducting the survey.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Informal or unorganized religions are especially difficult to count.^ Informal or unorganized religions are especially difficult to count.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many nominal Christians and Muslims practice some aspects of traditional indigenous religions, especially in difficult times.
  • Ivorian Religious Freedom - NCBuy Country Reference for Cote d'Ivoire 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.ncbuy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those with no religion or no interest in religion are difficult to convert, especially since the cult and sect beliefs are so extreme by the standards of the surrounding society.
  • Sociology of Religion/Religious Typologies - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some organizations may wildly inflate their numbers.^ As a newer and somewhat less organized grouping than some other "major religions," accurate numbers for Spiritism are difficult to come by.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the history of many social movement organizations, some of which were quite radical indeed, suggest that The Family may well follow a similar path.
  • Update on "The Family": Organizational Change and Development in aControversial New Religious Group 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.thefamily.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Government may deny registration based upon an insufficient number of adherents or inconsistencies between the provisions of a religious organization's charter and the law.
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2007 - United States Diplomatic Mission to Kazakhstan 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC kazakhstan.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

Religious category Number of followers Cultural tradition Main regions covered
Christianity 2,100,000,000 – 2,200,000,000[13][14] Abrahamic religions .Predominant in the Western world (Europe, the Americas, Oceania), Sub-Saharan Africa and the Philippines.^ In fact, some missionaries from Latin America, Africa, and Asia now come to the U. S. and to Europe to work with immigrant groups from their respective homelands.
  • ANTH 3368 Religious Institutions and Cities 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC faculty.smu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some fundraising and propaganda activity take place in Western Europe and North America.
  • Terrorism - Major Terrorist Groups 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.towson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The continental areas to be used are North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania.
  • PBS Teachers . Thematic Teaching . World Religions . Grades 8-12 Activity Ideas 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Minorities worldwide, see Christianity by country.
Islam 1,300,000,000 – 1,600,000,000[15][16] Abrahamic religions .Middle East, Northern Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, Western Africa, Indian subcontinent, Malay Archipelago with large population centers existing in Eastern Africa, Balkan Peninsula, Russia and China.^ They are found on every continent, but tend to be concentrated in North and South America, Europe, Australia, Western Asia and North Africa.
  • Religions of the World 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.42explore2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All Dharmic religions have their roots in India, and they are of the most influence across the Indian subcontinent, East Asia and South East Asia.

^ The course of study must include the following areas: 1) West Asia and Europe, 2) Africa and the Americas, 3) South, Southeast, and East Asia 4) Methods and Issues in religious studies.
  • Religious Studies Major Guide for 2008-2009 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.utk.edu [Source type: Academic]

[17]
Irreligious/Agnostic/Atheism 1,000,000,000 - 1,600,000,000[18][19] n/a .Russia, China, Scandinavia, South Korea.^ Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo), officially People’s Republic of China, country, E Asia, bounded on the N by the Mongolian Republic and Russia; on the NE by Russia and North Korea; on the E by the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea; on .
  • Search Results 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Search Results 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]
Hinduism 950,000,000 – 1,200,000,000[21] Indian religions Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Fiji, Guyana, Trinidad, Mauritius, Suriname, Bali, Australasia, Northern America,United Kingdom, France,Germany, Finland, Sweden, Malaysia,Swizerland and The Netherlands.
Buddhism 400,000,000[22] – 500,000,000[23] Indian religions Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, East Asia, Indochina, regions of Russia and The Netherlands.
Shinto 20,000,000 - 120,000,000[24] Japanese Japan
Sikhism 20,000,000[25] - 24,000,000[22] Indian religions Indian subcontinent, Australasia, Northern America, Southeast Asia, the United Kingdom and Western Europe.
Judaism 14,000,000[26] – 18,000,000[22] Abrahamic religions Israel and Jewish diaspora (meaning mostly North America, South America, Europe, and Asia)
Bahá'í Faith 7,600,000[27] – 7,900,000[28] Abrahamic religions/Iranian/Independent[29] Noted for being dispersed worldwide[30][31] but the top ten populations (amounting to about 60% of the Bahá'í World Faith adherents) are (in order of size of community) India, United States, Vietnam, Kenya, DR of the Congo, Philippines, Zambia, South Africa, Iran, Bolivia[32]
Jainism 6,000,000 – 12,000,000[33] Indian religions India, and East Africa
Cheondoism 3,000,000[34] Korean North Korea
Tenrikyo 2,000,000[35] Japanese Japan, Brazil
Cao Dai 1,000,000 - 3,000,000[36] Vietnamese Vietnam
Ahl-e Haqq 1,000,000[37] Kurdish Iraq, Iran
Seicho-no-Ie 800,000[35] Japanese Japan
Yazidism 700,000[38] Kurdish mainly Iraq
Rastafari movement 700,000[39] Abrahamic religions c. Jamaica, Caribbean, Africa
Unitarian Universalism 630,000[40] Western United States, Europe
African traditional and diasporic religions Millions[41] Folk religions Africa, Americas
Other folk religions Millions[41] Folk religions India, Asia
Chinese folk religions including Taoism and Confucianism Millions[41] China China

By region

Trends in adherence

.Since the late 19th century, the demographics of religion have changed a great deal.^ History and geography have given us a legacy of "world" religions, the great religious traditions that have emerged from centuries of testing in the cleansing fires of heresy.
  • ANTH 3368 Religious Institutions and Cities 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC faculty.smu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Views evolved during the enlightenment, however, and, by the 19th century, Western scholars considered the five major religions to be Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.
  • Theology: Major World Religions, Statistics 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WEB The Victorian Web [At Brown] Texts and information about mid and late 19th century England.
  • Internet Modern History Sourcebook: The Long 19th Century 18 September 2009 1:45 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some countries with a historically large Christian population have experienced a significant decline in the numbers of professed active Christians: see demographics of atheism.^ Distribute copies of various population pyramids from around the world or ask students to look at the U.S. Census Web site and to choose some countries to examine.
  • PBS Teachers . Thematic Teaching . World Religions . Grades 8-12 Activity Ideas 15 September 2009 5:42 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to this lack of connection, members note an apathetic air on campus; the Fellowship, although active, does not have a large group of participants relative to the number of Christian students on campus.
  • Religious intro 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.haverford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In some areas of the country, government population control agencies required women to use contraception, be sterilized, and have abortions if their pregnancies violated government population control regulations.
  • International Religious Freedom Report Released 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.uhrp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2009 - China (Includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau) (10/26/2009) - Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong and Macau 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC hongkong.usconsulate.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Symptoms of the decline in active participation in Christian religious life include declining recruitment for the priesthood and monastic life, as well as diminishing attendance at church.^ Mennonite : Includes Amish as well as many other "Plain Churches."
  • Major Branches of Religions 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christianity is becoming a minority faith in Europe, as church attendance falls, the clergy ages, and scandals and harsh doctrine drive people away.

^ Other Christian religious groups with a sizable number of congregations include Presbyterians, Lutherans, and Pentecostals, as well as Jehovah's Witnesses and Seventh-day Adventists.
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2007 - United States Diplomatic Mission to Kazakhstan 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC kazakhstan.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

.On the other hand, since the 19th century, large areas of sub-saharan Africa have been converted to Christianity, and this area of the world has the highest population growth rate.^ The area of the world with the highest urban growth rates, Africa also presents the greatest challenges for religious institutions.
  • ANTH 3368 Religious Institutions and Cities 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC faculty.smu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intensive investigation of select forms of traditional spirituality in sub-Saharan Africa, including ritual, sacrifice, and spirit possession, and Africanized Christian and Islamic devotion.
  • Florida International University Course Catalog 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC catalog.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Florida International University Course Catalog 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC catalog.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A recent study reports that the proportion of the world’s population that claims membership in the world’s four largest religions — Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism — actually increased over the past century, from 67 percent in 1900 to 73 percent in 2005.
  • American Academy of Religion 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.aarweb.org [Source type: Academic]

.In the realm of Western civilization, there has been an increase in the number of people who identify themselves as secular humanists.^ They merely classify Hindus as all people who call themselves Hindu, Muslims as all people who call themselves Muslim, Christians as all people who call themselves Christian.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gaps between pulpits and pews What fewer people seem to realize is that there is an even bigger gap between pastors and the people who are leading their national churches (Terry Mattingly).

^ In the Americas (especially the Caribbean, Brazil and the United States), there is a large number of people who practice some form of Yoruba diasporan religion, especially forms of Santeria and Vodoun.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In many countries, such as the People's Republic of China, communist governments have discouraged religion, making it difficult to count the actual number of believers.^ People who specify atheism as their religious preference actually make up less than one-half of one percent of the population in many countries where much large numbers claim no religious preference, such as the United States (13.2% nonreligious according to ARIS study of 2001) and Australia (15% nonreligious).
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Regarding Santeria alone: It is difficult to determine worldwide numbers of Santerians, as the religion is syncretistic, goes by different names (including Lukumi, and Camdomble in Brazil) and has been actively suppressed by the Communist government in the country where it is perhaps the largest: Cuba.
  • Major Religions Ranked by Size 12 September 2009 12:39 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Younger believers who grew up in the post-Communist period also have had more freedom to practice their religions and more access to religious education.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, after the collapse of communism in numerous countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, religious life has been experiencing resurgence there, both in the form of traditional Eastern Christianity and particularly in the forms of Neopaganism and Far Eastern religions.^ THEO344 FAR EASTERN RELIGIONS (3.00) .
  • Reports: Theology Major Requirements July 2003 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC groups.creighton.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ An introductory course in the religious tradition of Christianity.
  • History (HIST) 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, the small numbers of people in the 1996 Census who described their religion as ‘animism', ‘ancestor worship' or ‘Confucianism' represents only a very small proportion of the people for whom these traditions form part of their religious heritage.
  • Christian Research Association - Small Religious Groups in Australia 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.cra.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Following is some available data based on the work of the World Christian Encyclopedia:[42]
Trends in annual growth of adherence
1970-1985[43] 1990-2000[44][45] 2000-2005[46]
3.65% - Bahá'í Faith 2.65% - Zoroastrianism 1.84% - Islam
2.74% - Islam 2.28% - Bahá'í Faith 1.70% - Bahá'í Faith
2.34% - Hinduism 2.13% - Islam 1.62% - Sikhism
1.67% - Buddhism 1.87% - Sikhism 1.57% - Hinduism
1.64% - Christianity 1.69% - Hinduism 1.32% - Christianity
1.09% - Judaism 1.36% - Christianity
1.09% - Buddhism
The annual growth in the world
population over the same period
is 1.41%.
.Studies conducted by the Pew Research Center have found that, generally, poorer nations had a larger proportion of citizens who found religion to be very important than richer nations, with the exceptions of the United States[47] and Kuwait.^ Religion is very important in life .
  • Opinion Survey Research Program 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.cjcs.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, the small numbers of people in the 1996 Census who described their religion as ‘animism', ‘ancestor worship' or ‘Confucianism' represents only a very small proportion of the people for whom these traditions form part of their religious heritage.
  • Christian Research Association - Small Religious Groups in Australia 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.cra.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leaders of the PRAs, which are included in national and local government organizations to represent their constituencies on cultural and educational matters, may be members of the CCP. An analysis by the Pew Forum of a 2005 survey conducted by InterMedia, an international research and consulting organization, found that 33 percent of Communist Party officials and government employees are very or somewhat interested in having media access to information on the topic of religion.
  • International Religious Freedom Report Released 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC www.uhrp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2009 - China (Includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau) (10/26/2009) - Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong and Macau 23 January 2010 11:28 UTC hongkong.usconsulate.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48]

Maps of self-reported adherence

See also

References

  1. ^ Tomoko Masuzawa, The Invention of World Religions. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2007. pp. 49-61
  2. ^ Masuzawa 2007, 65-6
  3. ^ Masuzawa 2007, 82-3
  4. ^ Masuzawa 2007, 270-281
  5. ^ Stephen R. L. Clark. "World Religions and World Orders". Religious Studies 26.1 (1990).
  6. ^ Joel E. Tishken. "Ethnic vs. Evangelical Religions: Beyond Teaching the World Religion Approach". The History Teacher 33.3 (2000).
  7. ^ Brodd, Jefferey (2003). World Religions. Winona, MN: Saint Mary's Press. ISBN 978-0-88489-725-5. 
  8. ^ Pippa Norris, Ronald Inglehart (2007-01-06), [www.cambridge.org/9780521839846 Sacred and Secular, Religion and Politics Worldwide], Cambridge University Press, p. 43-44, www.cambridge.org/9780521839846, retrieved 2006-12-29 
  9. ^ Pew Research Center (2002-12-19). "Among Wealthy Nations U.S. Stands Alone in its Embrace of Religion". Pew Research Center. http://pewglobal.org/reports/display.php?ReportID=167. Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  10. ^ adherents.com (2005-08-28). "Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents". adherents.com. http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html. Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  11. ^ worldvaluessurvey.com (2005-06-28). "World Values Survey". worldvaluessurvey.com. http://www.worldvaluessurvey.com/. Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  12. ^ unstats.un.org (2007.01.06). "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". United Nations Statistics Division. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sconcerns/popchar/popcharMeta.aspx. Retrieved 2007-01-06. 
  13. ^ The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions
  14. ^ "Major Religions of the World — Ranked by Number of Adherents". http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  15. ^ The world's fastest growing religions
  16. ^ "Mapping the Global Muslim Population". http://pewforum.org/docs/?DocID=450. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  17. ^ "World distribution of muslim population". Pew Centre. October 2009. http://pewresearch.org/assets/pewforum-muslim-project/weighted-map.htm. Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  18. ^ http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html#Nonreligious
  19. ^ http://www.religioustolerance.org/atheist1.htm
  20. ^ http://www.adherents.com/largecom/com_atheist.html
  21. ^ [Clarke, Peter B. (editor), The Religions of the World: Understanding the Living Faiths, Marshall Editions Limited: USA (1993); pg. 125]
  22. ^ a b c "World". CIA World Factbook, 2010
  23. ^ Fischer-Schreiber, Ingrid, et al. The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy & Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Zen. Shambhala: Boston (English: pub. 1994; orig. German: 1986); pg. 50.
  24. ^ While almost the entire population of Japan attends Shinto shrines on festival days, it is nearly impossible to say how many consider themselves "Shinto believers".
  25. ^ Indian Registrar General & Census Commissioner. "Religious Composition". Census of India, 2001
  26. ^ World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999).
  27. ^ "World Religions (2005)". QuickLists > The World > Religions. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2005. http://www.thearda.com/QuickLists/QuickList_125.asp. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  28. ^ "World: People: Religions". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2007. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html#people. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  29. ^ Historically, the Bahá'í Faith arose in 19th century Persia, in the context of Shi'a Islam, and thus may be classed on this basis as a divergent strand of Islam, placing it in the Abrahamic tradition. However, the Bahá'í Faith considers itself an independent religious tradition, which draws from Islam but also other traditions. The Bahá'í Faith may also be classed as a new religious movement, due to its comparatively recent origin, or may be considered sufficiently old and established for such classification to not be applicable.
  30. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica (2002). "Worldwide Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-2002". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  31. ^ MacEoin, Denis (2000). "Baha'i Faith". in Hinnells, John R.. The New Penguin Handbook of Living Religions: Second Edition. Penguin. ISBN 0140514805. 
  32. ^ "Most Baha'i Nations (2005)". QuickLists > Compare Nations > Religions >. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2005. http://www.thearda.com/QuickLists/QuickList_40.asp. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  33. ^ Figures for the population of Jains differ from just over six million to twelve million due to difficulties of Jain identity, with Jains in some areas counted as a Hindu sect. Many Jains do not return Jainism as their religion on census forms for various reasons such as certain Jain castes considering themselves both Hindu and Jain. Following a major advertising campaign urging Jains to register as such, the 1981 Census of India returned 3.19 million Jains. This was estimated at the time to still be half the true number. The 2001 Census of India had 8.4 million Jains.
  34. ^ Self-reported figures from 1999; North Korea only (South Korean followers are minimal according to self-reported figures). In The A to Z of New Religious Movements by George D. Chryssides. ISBN 0810855887
  35. ^ a b Self-reported figures printed in Japanese Ministry of Education's Shuukyou Nenkan, 2003
  36. ^ Sergei Blagov. "Caodaism in Vietnam : Religion vs Restrictions and Persecution". IARF World Congress, Vancouver, Canada, July 31st, 1999.
  37. ^ Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa (Detroit: Thompson Gale, 2004) p. 82
  38. ^ International Committee for European Security & Cooperation: statement presented by J.B.Daud Baghistani, ICESC Deputy Permanent Representative to the Commission on Human Rights... 10 Feb. 1995
  39. ^ Leonard E. Barrett. The Rastafarians: Sounds of Cultural Dissonance. Beacon Press, 1988. p. viii.
  40. ^ American Religious Identification Survey
  41. ^ a b c The number of people who consider themselves party to a "folk tradition" is impossible to determine.
  42. ^ The results have been studied and found "highly correlated with other sources of data," but "consistently gave a higher estimate for percent Christian in comparison to other cross-national data sets." Hsu, Becky; Reynolds, Amy; Hackett, Conrad; Gibbon, James (2008-07-09), "Estimating the Religious Composition of All Nations" (pdf), Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, http://www.princeton.edu/~bhsu/Hsu2008.pdf 
  43. ^ International Community, Bahá'í (1992), "How many Bahá'ís are there?", The Bahá'ís: 14, http://www.bahai.com/thebahais/pg14.htm .
  44. ^ Barrett, David A. (2001). World Christian Encyclopedia. pp. 4. http://www.bible.ca/global-religion-statistics-world-christian-encyclopedia.htm. 
  45. ^ Barrett, David; Johnson, Todd (2001). "Global adherents of the World's 19 distinct major religions". William Carey Library. http://web.archive.org/web/20080228224811/http://www.gordonconwell.edu/ockenga/globalchristianity/gd/wct-1-2.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  46. ^ Staff (May 2007). "The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions". Foreign Policy (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace). http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=3835. 
  47. ^ Pew Research Center (2002-12-19). "Among Wealthy Nations U.S. Stands Alone in its Embrace of Religion". Pew Research Center. http://pewglobal.org/reports/display.php?ReportID=167. Retrieved 2006-10-12. 
  48. ^ Pew Research Center (2008-01-01). "Income and Religiosity". http://benmuse.typepad.com/ben_muse/2008/01/wealth-and-reli.html. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Major religious groups, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message