Malheur County, Oregon: Wikis

  
  
  

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Malheur County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Malheur County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Seat Vale
Largest city Ontario
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

9,930 sq mi (25,719 km²)
9,887 sq mi (25,607 km²)
43 sq mi (111 km²), 0.43%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

31,615
3.2/sq mi (1/km²)
Founded February 17, 1887
Named for Malheur River
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.malheurco.org

Malheur County (pronounced /mælˈhɪər/) is a county located in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Oregon. It is included in the 8 county definition of Eastern Oregon. The county was named for Malheur River, which flows through it. As of 2000, the population was 31,615. Ontario is the largest city and the county seat is Vale.[1]

Malheur County is part of the Ontario, OR–ID Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Malheur County was created February 17, 1887, from the southern portion of Baker County. It was first settled by miners and stockmen in the early 1860s. The discovery of gold in 1863 attracted further development, including settlements and ranches. Basques settled in the region in the 1890s and were mainly engaged in sheep raising.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,930 square miles (25,719 km²), of which, 9,887 square miles (25,607 km²) of it is land and 43 square miles (111 km²) of it (0.43%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Highways

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 4,203
1910 8,601 104.6%
1920 10,907 26.8%
1930 11,269 3.3%
1940 19,767 75.4%
1950 23,223 17.5%
1960 22,764 −2.0%
1970 23,169 1.8%
1980 26,896 16.1%
1990 26,038 −3.2%
2000 31,615 21.4%
Est. 2007 31,135 −1.5%
sources:[2][3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 31,615 people, 10,221 households, and 7,348 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 11,233 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was:

25.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.2% were of German, 10.5% English, 8.4% American and 6.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 79.4% spoke English and 19.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,221 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 116.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,241, and the median income for a family was $35,672. Males had a median income of $25,489 versus $21,764 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,895. About 14.60% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The county is 94% rangeland, with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) controlling 72% of the land. Irrigated fields in the county's northeast corner, known as Western Treasure Valley, are the center of intensive and diversified farming. Malheur County's economy also depends on tourism.

Because of its economic relationship with Idaho, most of Malheur county is in the Mountain time zone, making it the only county in Oregon that does not completely follow Pacific Time. The largely unpopulated southern quarter of the county, near McDermitt, observes Pacific Time. Malheur is one of the few counties in the U.S. that legally observes two different time zones.

The county's two largest employers are the Snake River Correctional Institution and Ore-Ida, a potato processor owned by H.J. Heinz.[5]

Malheur County is the poorest county in Oregon.[6] As of 2008, 21% of its residents live in poverty.[5]

Politics

Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Malheur County are members of the Republican Party. In the 2008 presidential election, 69.10% of Malheur County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 28.47% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 2.42% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate. These statistics do no include write in votes.[7] These numbers show a small shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 74.9% of Malheur Country voters voted for George W. Bush, while 23.8% voted for John Kerry, and 1.3% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.[8]

Malheur.gif[9]

Malheur County is one of the most Republican counties in Oregon when it comes to Presidential elections. It was one of only two counties in Oregon to give the majority of its vote to Barry Goldwater and has favored the Republican candidate for decades.[10] The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940.[11] Further every Republican candidate since 1996 has received more than 60% of the county's vote.[12]

As part of Oregon's 2nd congressional district it has been represented by Republicans for over 27 years with Greg Walden being the current representative.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

References

External links

Coordinates: 43°13′N 117°38′W / 43.21°N 117.63°W / 43.21; -117.63


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Malheur County, Oregon
Map
File:Map of Oregon highlighting Malheur County.png
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the USA highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 17, 1887
Seat Vale
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.43%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

31615
Website: www.malheurco.org

Malheur County (pronouncedImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif /mælˈhɪər/) is a county located in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Oregon. The county was named for Malheur River, which flows through it. As of 2000, the population is 31,615. Its county seat is Vale.GR6 Ontario is the county's largest city.

Contents

History

Malheur County was created February 17, 1887, from the southern portion of Baker County. It was first settled by miners and stockmen in the early 1860s. The discovery of gold in 1863 attracted further development, including settlements and ranches. Basques settled in the region in the 1890s and were mainly engaged in sheep raising.

Economy

The county is 94% rangeland, with the Bureau of Land Management controlling 72% of the land. Irrigated fields in the county's northeast corner, known as Western Treasure Valley, are the center of intensive and diversified farming. Malheur County's economy also depends on tourism.

Because of its economic relationship with Idaho, most of Malheur county observes Mountain Time, making it the only county in Oregon that does not completely follow Pacific Time. The largely unpopulated southern portion of the county, near McDermitt, observes Pacific Time. Malheur is one of the few counties in the United States that legally observes two different time zones.

Malheur County is the poorest county in Oregon with over 18.3% of their residents living in poverty.[1]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 25,719 km² (9,930 sq mi). 25,607 km² (9,887 sq mi) of it is land and 111 km² (43 sq mi) of it (0.43%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 31,615 people, 10,221 households, and 7,348 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (3/sq mi). There were 11,233 housing units at an average density of 0/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 75.78% White, 1.22% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 17.38% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. 25.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 79.4% spoke English and 19.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,221 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 116.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,241, and the median income for a family was $35,672. Males had a median income of $25,489 versus $21,764 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,895. About 14.60% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

References

External links

Coordinates: 43°13′N 117°38′W / 43.21, -117.63

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Malheur County, Oregon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Malheur County, OregonRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Oregon  +
Short name Malheur County  +

This article uses material from the "Malheur County, Oregon" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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