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Malignant hypertension: Wikis


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Malignant hypertension
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 I10.
ICD-9 401.0[1]
DiseasesDB 7788
eMedicine med/1107
MeSH D006974

Malignant hypertension is a complication of hypertension characterized by very elevated blood pressure, and organ damage in the eyes, brain, heart and/or kidneys.

The eyes may show papilledema, retinal hemorrhage, or exudate.

The brain shows manifestations of increased intracranial pressure, such as headache, vomitting, subarachnoid, and cerebral hemorrhage.

Patients will usually suffer from left ventricular dysfunction.

The kidneys will be affected, resulting in hematuria, proteinuria, and acute renal failure.

It differs from other complications of hypertension in that it is accompanied by papilledema.[2] This can be associated with hypertensive retinopathy.

Systolic and diastolic blood pressures are usually greater than 220mmHg and 120mmHg, respectively.


See also



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