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Malmedy
Malmedy from the south
Municipal flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Malmedy in the province of Liège
Location of Malmedy in the province of Liège
Malmedy is located in Belgium
Malmedy
Location in Belgium
Sovereign state Belgium Belgium
Region  Wallonia
Community Wallonia French Community
Province  Liège
Arrondissement Verviers
Coordinates 50°25′0″N 06°01′0″E / 50.416667°N 6.016667°E / 50.416667; 6.016667Coordinates: 50°25′0″N 06°01′0″E / 50.416667°N 6.016667°E / 50.416667; 6.016667
Area 99.96 km²
Population
– Males
– Females
Density
11,829 (2006-01-01)
48.25%
51.75%
118 inhab./km²
Unemployment rate 12.02% (1 January 2006)
Mean annual income €11,572/pers. (2003)
Mayor Jean-Paul Bastin
Postal codes 4960
Area codes 080
Website www.malmedy.be

Malmedy is a municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Province of Liege. It belongs to the French Community of Belgium. On January 1, 2006 Malmedy had a total population of 11,829. The total area is 99.96 km² which gives a population density of 118 inhabitants per km².

Contents

History

Malmedy Cathedral, built in 1777

Some old sources spell the city's name "Malmédy" as this accent was intentionally added when being part of Prussia and Germany, but its official website lists it as "Malmedy", with no accent. Today the city enjoys a degree of political autonomy, being a French-speaking part of the East Cantons together with Waimes and the municipalities of the German-speaking Community of Belgium.

The main church of Malmedy was built in 1777 and served as a cathedral from 1920 to 1925. It still holds the title of cathedral.

Malmedy was historically part of Liege but was annexed by Prussia in 1815.[1]

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After World War I

At the end of the First World War, Malmedy and neighbouring Eupen were subject to a plebiscite to determine whether the region would be separated from Germany and annexed to Belgium. The plebiscite ballots required names and addresses of the voters, and the German-speaking population of Eupen and Malmedy was intimidated. Both were formally annexed on March 6, 1925.

World War II

Plaque next to the shelter where civilians had been hiding during the bombings of 23,24,25 December 1944

In 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge, the area was the site of the Malmedy massacre, where 84 American prisoners of war were executed by German SS troops. Moreover, on 23, 24 and 25 December 1944 the city was bombed repeatedly by the United States Army Air Forces despite the fact it was actually under control of U.S. troops. Approximately 200 civilians were killed in the tragic attacks, while the number of American casualties has never been revealed by the U.S. Department of War.

See also

References

  1. ^ Jean Finot. New York Times, May 30, 1915.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MALMEDY, a town of Germany, in the Prussian Rhine Province, lying in a wild and deep basin, on the Warche, 20 m. S. of Aix-la-Chapelle by rail via Eupen. It contains two Roman Catholic churches, a modern town-hall and a classical school. Its industries include tanning, dyeing and paper-making. Pop. (1900), 4680. Malmedy was famous for its Benedictine abbey, founded about 675, which was united with that of Stablo, the abbot of the joint house being a prince of the empire. In 1802 the lands of the abbey passed to France, and in 1815 they were divided between Prussia and Netherlands.

See Kellen, Malmedy and die preussische Wallonie (Essen, 1897).


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