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This article is about the city. For the cathedral, see Malolos Cathedral. For the barangay, see Barili, Cebu or Malinao, Albay
City of Malolos
Lakanbalen ning Malolos
Lungsod ng Malolos
The Barasoain Church in Malolos City, Bulacan.

Seal
Nickname(s): Seat of the First Philippine Republic
Cradle of Democracy in the East
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Malolos City. Coordinates: 14° 50' 31 N, 120° 48' 42E
Country
 Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
Congressional District 1st
Barangays 51
Founded 1580
Independent Town 1673
Cityhood October 8, 2002
Government
 - Representative, 1st Congressional District Ma. Victoria M. Sy-Alvarado (Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
 - Governor Roberto M. Pagdanganan (2009-2010, Nacionalista)[1]
 - Mayor Atty. Danilo A. Domingo (2001-2010, Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
 - Vice Mayor Emmanuel R. Sacay
Area
 - Total 77.25 km2 (29.8 sq mi)
 - Land 67.30 km2 (26 sq mi)
Elevation 19.4 m (64 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 223,069
 Density 3,314/km2 (1,280/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip code 3000
Area code(s) 044
Income Class 3rd Class
Classification Component City; Urban
Website Official Website of Malolos City
Population Census of Malolos City
Census Pop. Rate
1995 147,414
2000 175,291 3.79%
2007 225,244 3.52%

City of Malolos (mälō'lōs), (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Malolos/Ciudad ning Malolos; Filipino: Lungsod ng Malolos), is a 4th class urban component city in the Republic of the Philippines. Malolos is considered as the 115th city in the country.[2] It is the capital city of the province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government. It is also the seat of the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos.

The City is 45 kilometers north of Manila, it is one of the major suburbs conurbated to the Metropolitan Manila, situated southwestern part of Bulacan, located in the Central Luzon Region (Region 3) in the island of Luzon and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region. Bordering Malolos are the municipalities of Bulakan, Bulacan (the former capital of the province) to the southeast, Guiguinto to the east, Plaridel to the north, Calumpit to the northwest, and Paombong to the west. Malolos also lies on the north-eastern shore of Manila Bay.

Malolos was the site of the constitutional convention of 1898, known as the Malolos Convention, that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, at the sanctuary of the Barasoain Church. The convent of the Malolos Cathedral served as the "Palacio Presidencial" of the Republic. Asia had had democratic republics previously - the Lanfang Republic established in 1777, and the Republic of Formosa in 1895, so the First Philippine Republic was the third republic established in Asia, followed in 1912 by the Republic of China.

It is also one of the centers of education in Central Luzon region, it has several universities like the government-funded Bulacan State University, and privately owned Centro Escolar University and University of Regina Carmeli. Malolos also houses the most populous high school in Central Luzon, Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School.

Contents

Demographics

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Language and Ethnicity

Majority of the Maloleños (or Malolenyo in Filipino) traces their roots to Tagalog ethnicity although there are also Kapampangan, Bisaya, Muslims and other descents who migrated to the city. The vernacular language is Filipino in the form of Tagalog, while English is the language most widely used in education and business throughout the city. Although Malolos is the city where the filipinians established the Spanish as their only official language in the first constitution, the native speakers of Spanish still alive are reduced to the very old members of a handful of families.

Population and Barangays

Based on the 2007 Census of Population and Housing, as of August 1, the city's population reached 225,244.[3] It had a population density of 3,314 persons per square kilometer. There are 47,362 households in the city. Malolos got the 42nd place among the most populated cities in the country[4], and 2nd in the province. According to the census conducted by Malolos City Office as of late 2007, there are 255,543 permanent inhabitants in the city. Majority of the Malolos households usually lives along the major roads. It has an average crime rate of 6.28% and has a crime solution efficiency of 97.11%.

Malolos City is subdivided into 51 barangays that are spread over a land area of 7,725 hectares consisting of agricultural, commercial, industrial, residential, bodies of water, fishponds, marshes and roads. Each barangay is administered by "Barangay Chairman or Captain."

Many of the name of the barangays were derived from the name of common Philippine trees, because Malolos was once a vast virgin land and forests, before the Spaniards came and Christianized the natives. While others were named in honor of their patron saints.

Map Barangay [1] 1-May-2000[2] 1-Aug-2007[3]
Ph locator region 3.png
Central Luzon
8,204,742
9,720,982
Ph locator map bulacan.png
Bulacan
2,234,088
2,826,926
Ph locator bulacan malolos.png
Malolos City
175,291
223,069
Malolos Anilao.jpg
1. Anilao 2,339 4,520
2. Atlag 4,635 5,028
Malolos Babatnin.jpg
3. Babatnin 788 817
Malolos Bagna.jpg
4. Bagna 4,368 5,427
5. Bagong Bayan 3,055 3,528
6. Balayong 1,889 2,532
7. Balite 2,017 2,425
8. Bangkal 261 8,803
9. Barihan 4,587 5,660
10. Bulihan 10,235 12,732
Malolos Bungahan.jpg
11. Bungahan 1,983 2,461
Malolos Dakila.jpg
12. Dakila 4,851 4,288
13. Guinhawa 1,686 1,446
Malolos Caingin.jpg
14. Caingin 5,804 7,874
Malolos Calero.jpg
15. Calero 988 1,131
Malolos Caliligawan.jpg
16. Caliligawan 211 342
Malolos Canalate.jpg
17. Canalate 3,560 3,719
Malolos Caniogan.jpg
18. Caniogan 5,039 5,158
Malolos Catmon.jpg
19. Catmon 1,961 1,828
Malolos Ligas.jpg
20. Ligas 4,354 5,891
Malolos Liang.jpg
21. Liyang or Liang 1,248 1,575
Malolos Longos.jpg
22. Longos 7,700 10,808
Malolos Look 1st.jpg
23. Look 1st 4,788 5,922
24. Look 2nd 1,877 2,485
Malolos Lugam.jpg
25. Lugam 3,012 3,966
Malolos Mabolo.jpg
26. Mabolo 4,870 6,202
Malolos Mambog.jpg
27. Mambog 2,384 2,748
Malolos Masile.jpg
28. Masile 790 744
29. Matimbo 5,685 6,254
Malolos Mojon.jpg
30. Mojon 12,559 15,541
Malolos Namayan.jpg
31. Namayan 738 856
Malolos Niugan.jpg
32. Niugan 456 556
Malolos Pamarawan.jpg
33. Pamarawan 2,660 2,861
Malolos Panasahan.jpg
34. Panasahan 6,874 8,024
Malolos Pinagbakahan.jpg
35. Pinagbakahan 1,617 3,816
Malolos San Agustin.jpg
36. San Agustin 1,821 2,090
Malolos San Gabriel.jpg
37. San Gabriel 1,947 2,578
Malolos San Juan.jpg
38. San Juan 2,897 3,439
Malolos San Pablo.jpg
39. San Pablo 4,958 4,954
Malolos San Vicente.jpg
40. San Vicente (Poblacion) 1,981 2,007
Malolos Santiago.jpg
41. Santiago 1,771 1,875
Malolos Santisima Trinidad.jpg
42. Santisima Trinidad 4,658 6,111
Malolos Santo Cristo.jpg
43. Santo Cristo 1,730 1,714
Malolos Santo Niño.jpg
44. Santo Niño (Poblacion) 641 453
Malolos Santo Rosario.jpg
45. Santo Rosario (Poblacion) 7,065 7,211
Malolos Santor.jpg
46. Santor 3,285 6,868
Malolos Sumapang Bata.jpg
47. Sumapang Bata 1,600 2,087
Malolos Sumapang Matanda.jpg
48. Sumapang Matanda 6,272 7,696
49. Taal 1,868 2,101
Malolos Tikay.jpg
50. Tikay 7,745 9,064
51. Cofradia 3,183 4,853

Footnotes:

1. ^ Source: National Statistics Office

2. ^ From NSO 2000 Census.[5]

3. ^ From NSO 2007 Census.[6]

Religion

Majority of Malolenyos are Christians. Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in City of Malolos. Other religious groups include The United Methodist Church (Methodists), Church of God, International ("Ang Dating Daan") Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witness ("Saksi Ni Jehovah"), Seventh-day Adventist Church ("Sabadista"), the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayans), Jesus Is Lord Church (Born-Again Christians), United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Baptist churches and other Protestant, Evangelical, Pentecostal, Charismatic churches, ministries, fellowships and religious groups. Islam (Muslims) could also be found in the city.

History

No other city in the Philippines can be linked to the great patriots and heroes in the country's history more than Malolos which is the capital of the short-lived Philippine Republic. Names such as General Emilio Aguinaldo, Pedro A. Paterno, Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Pio del Pilar, Gregorio del Pilar, Apolinario Mabini, Antonio Luna, Felipe Calderon, General Isidoro D. Torres and a host of others are forever engraved and enshrined in the annals of Philippine History, all of whom share one commonality.

According to Blair and Robertson, the name "Li-han" or "Li Han" was the ancient Chinese name for Malolos, whose leaders bore the title of "Gat-Salihan" or Gatchalian (derived from "Gat sa Li-Han"). It was in 1225 that a "Li Han in the country of Mai" was mentioned in the account of Chao Ju Kua titled Chu-Fan-Chi. [7] The richness of the soil and the convenience of its location made Malolos an important trading post for the native inhabitants and the traders from Cathay. Ferdinand Blumentritt, a Czech Filipinologist and Jose Rizal's friend, and Wang Teh-Ming, a Chinese scholar, supported this historic development of commercial activities which continued undisturbed until the advent of the Spanish era in 1572. This centuries-long trade relations must have resulted in many generations of Sino-Tagalogs, whose descendants are still omni-present in Malolos. The innumerable Malolos families who bear Chinese-sounding surnames attest to these inter-marriages. [8]

In 1580, eight years after the Kingdom of Maynila (present day Manila) was captured by the Spaniards from Rajah Soliman and Rajah Matanda, Spanish missionaries discovered a small settlement called Li Han, with 4,000 unbaptized souls. The settlement was named and founded as "Malolos" by the Augustinians under the direction of Fray Diego Ordoñez de Vivar. Later, after clearing forests and virgin lands, the settlement grew, and the population increased. After the construction of a big church, the place was made into a town. From the very beginning, Tagalog made up the majority of the Malolos populace. They were led by prominent families, among them the Gatsalians (Gatchalian), and the Manahans.

The name of Malolos was presumably derived from the Tagalog word "Paluslos", meaning " downwards". But many claim that it was originally derived from Kapampangan word "Luslos" meaning many rivers toward the bay (which is the Manila Bay).[9] The name resulted from a misunderstanding among the first Spanish missionaries who reached the place. Searching for inhabited places along the Calumpit River, these priests came upon some natives of a riverside barrio (now Kanalate or Canalate). They asked for the name of the place. The natives, not knowing the Spanish tongue, answered that the flow of the river in that part was downstream -"paluslos"-, which the Spaniards pronounced "Malolos" or "Malulos". Corruption of the word through the years led to present "Malolos".

Malolos was once a part of the old pueblo or town of Bulakan, and then became an independent pueblo in 1673.[10] In August 31, 1859, the town was divided into three districts; "Malolos", "Barasoain, and "Santa Isabel" with respective capitanes municipales and parish priests. With the beginning of American rule in 1903, these towns were again reunited into a single municipality. The two other districts became barangays under the political jurisdiction of Malolos..

To cite all the historical events that transpired in Malolos, one could very well fill a good-sized book. The major events especially those that revolved around the first Republic, cannot be left unmentioned. Some of these are the petition of the women of Malolos, the establishment of the Constitutional Convention, drafting and ratification of the Malolos Constitution, and the inauguration of the first Philippine Republic.

The wealth of Malolos lies not only in its more than four thousand hectares of fertile rice lands and more than two thousand hectares of fishponds, but in the character of its people as well. Its people have long been known for their diligence and ingenuity. In early days, farming and fishing were the town's main sources of livelihood. Later, they went into poultry and pigeon raising, carpentry and woodwork, and other profitable cottage industries and handicrafts. A major factor in Malolos' growth and development was the opening of the Manila-Dagupan railways or Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan (Spanish) in April 1892. With the advent of the railroad came new ideas from Manila and other places. Another factor is Malolos proximity to industrial and business centers. Only 42 kilometers from Manila, the town and its people are inevitably subjected to an influx of metropolitan thoughts and commerce.

In work methods and tools, it is not rare to find Malolos folk using a combination of the old and the new. Ramshackle shops shake to the whirl of modern electric-powered machines. Fishermen go out to sea in the same kind of dugouts or bancas their ancestors used. Many of these wooden bancas are now equipped with outboard motors. Handicraftsmen, woodworkers and weavers still follow the ageless artistic techniques of their forefathers.

By virtue of Public Law No. 88 of the Philippine Commission, Malolos became the capital of the province of Bulacan on February 27, 1901.

Malolos was the site of the inauguration of Joseph Estrada on June 30, 1998 in Barasoain Church as the President of the Republic of the Philippines. Estrada, whose real surname is Ejercito, traced his ancestry to the Ejercitos who were prominent in the history of Malolos

It was in summer of 2004, the construction of the Malolos flyover marks a new milestone in their flourishing history being the first in the city. Part of the President's Bridge Program, the construction was undertaken in a record-breaking 60 days only according to the Department of Public Works and Highways. The structure was built to solve the daily traffic jam at the place, which have become a bane to motorist and also to employees in both private and government offices in this city. This remarkable feat hastened not only the city's development in commerce and trade but its neighboring municipalities as well.

During July 28-30, 2008, the city was chosen to host the first National Conference for Philippine-Spanish Relations. The conference's theme was "Philippine-Spanish Relations: Sharing Common History and Culture." This is a project both of the Province of Bulacan's research arm, Center for Bulacan Studies of Bulacan State University and by the Samahang Pangkasaysayan ng Bulacan, Inc. (SAMPAKA, Inc.).

The Revolt of Ladia

The inhabitants initially submitted docilely to the process of Hispanization and Spanish civil authority was soon in place. The Roman Catholic religion took root and spread rapidly and became part of the native culture. However, the innate desire for an unshackled existence and the desire for freedom continued to burn in the people. In 1643, barely sixty years after the civil nucleus of the Spanish local government was set up, Malolos townspeople revolted. The revolt was led by Pedro Ladia, a native of Borneo, who claimed to be a descendant of Rajah Matanda and who later proclaimed himself as "Rajah ng mga Tagalog" (Rajah of the Tagalogs). He instigated the people of Malolos to rise in arms against Spanish rule and was able to raise a substantial following. Even before Ladia could gather the support needed to fully carry out his plan, the parish priest, Friar Cristobal Enriquez, preempted the uprising by convincing most of the people to remain loyal to the Fatherland, Spain. The revolt died out for lack of enough popular support. Later, Pedro Ladia was arrested and sent to Manila to be tried and then executed.[11]

Malolos was first organized into a formal municipal unit in 1822 when the first "alcalde constitucional" or municipal head was appointed. He was Jorge de Victoria, a Filipino, who like all succeeding "alcaldes", served for one year. He was followed by 31 other "alcaldes", with Juan Dimagiba as the 31st. In 1859, Malolos was subdivided into three administrative districts; Malolos, Barasoain and Santa Isabel. Juan Dimagiba became the first "alcalde" of the down-scaled Malolos. There were 12 others who served as "alcaldes" from 1859 to 1879, the first one being Mariano C. Cristobal and the 12th Tomas Tanchangco, whose term marked the start of civil turmoil in the town . [12]

Simmering Insurrections

The next 240 years following the Ladia Revolt passed without any sign of serious discontent against Spanish rule. Although armed uprisings and resistance occurred in other provinces, notably in the Ilocos and in Jolo, Malolos was largely unaffected. Economic development took precedence and the low-lying areas around Malolos were steadily converted into productive ricefields and fishponds. This must have entailed a great deal of capital, both financial and labor, and both were apparently available in Malolos. The mestizo descendants of the pre-Hispanic Chinese traders, who became the landlords, must have been the major source of the finances. The ordinary townfolk furnished the labor and became the tenants. This landlord-tenant relationship lasted until the middle of the 20th century.

However, the continuing high-handedness of the civil government bureaucrats compounded by the abuses of the church frailes became the sources of widespread unrest, which eventually reached Malolos in 1880. The enlightened and educated young ilustrados of Manila, having been exposed to European education, thoughts and political views, began to question the Philippines situation. These reformists, Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar and Graciano Lopez Jaena among them, began to expose the weaknesses of the status and to give voice to the need for reform. In Malolos, Marcelo H. del Plar, whose wife Marciana was from Malolos, made the town a principal reformist and propaganda target. Due mainly to his efforts, Malolos by 1882 became known as a center of anti-Spanish propaganda. Things came to a head in 1884, when a liberal, Manuel Crisostomo, was elected a gobernadorcillo. Led by him, a group of town leaders, including past, present a future town alcaldes, collided head-on with the town's friar curate on the list of taxpayers. The curate wanted to bloat the list, a move meant for the parish's financial gain. In 1888, during a deadly cholera epidemic, the group again clashed with the friars. To limit the spread of the epidemic, the civil government had issued a ban against church wakes for cholera victims. The church defied the ban, purportedly because of the fees which the church earned from these wakes. The town leaders took the side of the civil authorities. The situation was further inflamed with the visit of Jose Rizal in 1888 to the house of Tomas Tanchangco, a former alcalde and member of the reformist group. Among the alcaldes in the group were Jose A. Bautista, Jose and Antonio Tiongson, Mateo Buizon, Anastacio de Leon, Vicente Gatmaitan, Francisco Bernardo, Antonio Chiong and Jose R. Tiongson.

The town had become such a hotbed that Marcelo H. del Pilar was compelled to leave for Spain, leaving the campaign in the hands of the local leaders. The authorities soon cracked down on these Malolos mestizos and exiled many of them to Jolo, Palawan, Davao and other distant places. [13]

The Women of Malolos

A natural offshoot of the ferment gripping Malolos was the cry for the implementation in the town of a long-standing royal order for the teaching of the Spanish language to the "Indios" of the Philippines. This royal edict had not been obeyed, probably because the local friars and civil government believed that this would be against their interests. Knowledge of Spanish would give the natives and mestizos access to radical ideas of economic liberalism and political democracy already sweeping across Europe. Despite this opposition, Teodoro Sandico, a progressive teacher from Pandacan in Manila, succeeded in opening an Escuela de Latinidad for boys in Malolos.

It was at this point that the letter of the 21 Women of Malolos was written. On December 12, 1888, 21 young women from the Chinese-mestizo families of Malolos, Bulacan – the Reyeses, Tantocos, Tanchangcos, Tiongsons and Uitangcoys - petitioned the newly arrived Gov. Gen. Valeriano Weyler, then paying a visit to Malolos, to allow the opening of a night school, at their own expense, where they could learn to read and write Spanish, the language which would eradicate friar domination and put them in touch with liberal ideas current in Europe. With Weyler's blessing and over the objections of the friar curate, the school opened in early 1889. The school lasted for only a few months what with the steady and strong opposition and persecution of the friars and militarists. Teodoro Sandico, who wrote the letter for the women and presumably became the school's first teacher, was accused of subversion and, like Marcelo H. del Pilar, had to flee from the country.

The audacity and the success of these women did not go unnoticed but the women's greatest adulation came from Dr. Jose Rizal in his letter of February 22, 1889, "Sa Mga Kababayang Dalaga Sa Malolos." The Women of Malolos were of the breed who looked at far horizons and thought of country above self, who stood up for what is right and not for what is merely convenient, who planned and acted not only for the future and the next generation, who decisively acted on their mouthed good intentions.[14]

Balangay Apuy of the Katipunan

In the eve of 7 July 1892, the Katipunan was founded by Andres Bonifacio together with Ladislao Diwa, Deodato Arellano, Teodora Plata and Valentin Diaz in the house of Arellano on Azcarraga St. in Manila. The Katipunan fought against Spain for the Philippine independence. Many knew that there were many Katipuneros all over the country but few knew their names. Bulacan was one of the 8 provinces declared by Governor-General Ramon Blanco as in a state of war.

Balangay Apuy, chapter or “balangay” of Katipunan in Bulacan province was organized in March 1896. The earliest members of the Katipunan from Malolos were Isidoro Torres, Ramon Gonzalez de Leon and Luis Gatmaytan. They became members in March 1896 and, together with Doroteo Karagdag, they were authorized to organize chapters or "balangay" in Bulacan province.

As a result of their efforts, the "Balangay Apuy" was organized in Malolos with the following officials and members: Luis Gatmaytan, President; Ramon Gonzalez de Leon, Secretary; Victorino Gatmaytan, Treasurer; Isidoro Torres, Doroteo Karagdag, Damaso Kaluag, Vicente Villavicencio, Donato Teodoro, Dionicio Dimagiba, Maximino Borlongan, Agripino Buendia, members. Other members were Antonio Bautista, "Tagausig," Gregorio Santos, "Taliba" and Romualdo Concepcion, "Mabalasik."

In early 1896, there was also organized in the capital of Bulacan, a separatist organization affiliated with the Bonifacio-founded Katipunan. It was called Katipunan del Norte presided by Agustin Tantoko, coadjutor of Calumpit parish. It was most active in Bulacan province, especially around Malolos. Gabino Tantoko, a propietario from Malolos, was a member and so were Juan, Antonio, Ezequiel, all surnamed Tantoko, among others.

After the discovery of the Katipunan, the Malolos members were arrested and tortured, like the brothers Luis and Victorino Gatmaytan and Nicolas Buendia.

Later, the "Balangay Apuy" was reorganized and Isidoro became president. He headed the armed uprising in Malolos, and defeated the Spanish forces in the decisive Battle of Malolos on June 1, 1897.

The Malolos Republic

Malolos is the historical site of the constitutional convention of 1898 that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, the first republic in Asia, led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Malolos served as the capital of the short-lived republic from 1898-1899. In 1899, after the Malolos Constitution was ratified, the Universidad Literia de Filipinas was established in Malolos, Bulacan. It offered Law as well as Medicine, Surgery and Notary Public; Academia Militar which was established on October 25, 1898; and The Burgos Institute, an exclusive school for boys

Malolos Congress convened on September 15, 1898 at Barasoain Church. On the 18th, Aguinaldo proclaimed Malolos as the capital of the Philippines. The first important act of the Congress was the ratification on September 29, 1898 of the independence proclamation of June 12, 1898 at Kawit, Cavite. On October 19, 1898, by virtue of an act of Congress, the Universidad Literaria de Filipinas was established. It was in Malolos on December 20, 1898 when Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo declared December 30 of every year as a day of national mourning. The greatest achievement and for which the Malolos Congress was known was the framing of the Constitution, prepared by a committee headed by Felipe Calderon, was approved by the congress after amendments have been made on January 20, 1899, sanctioned by Aguinaldo the next day and promulgated on January 22. The last congressional act of the Malolos Congress was the inauguration of the Philippine Republic with Aguinaldo as the President on January 23, 1899, amidst the people’s jubilation. American forces captured Malolos on March 31, 1899.

During the Philippine-American War, Malolos was captured by the Americans through a bloody battle that led to the escape of Aguinaldo to San Fernando, Pampanga.

Early Governments of Malolos

During the Philippine-American war, the Americans appointed a martial law administrator in the person of Jose Reyes Tiongson. He served as "presidente politico militar" from 1901 to 1902. With the capture of Pres. and Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo in Palanan, Isabela and the defeat of most of the Filipino armed forces all over the country, the Americans began to put up a network of local government units. The municipality of Malolos was organized, composed of the districts of Malolos, Barasoain and Santa Isabel. Appointed "presidente municipal" or town mayor was Ramon Gonzalez de Leon, one of the original members of the Katipunan Balangay Apuy. He was in the post for two years, 1903 to 1905. He and the nine others who followed him were all appointive officials. When the Philippines became a commonwealth, Leon Valencia was elected Mayor in 1937, the first ever elected. Diosdado Dimagiba succeeded him in 1940 but had to vacate the position because of the Japanese conquest.[15]

The Japanese appointed two "punong bayan" or mayors, Luis Peralta and Ignacio Tapang. After the US armed forces liberated Malolos in March 1945, Adonis P. Maclang of the guerillas' Bulacan Military Area was appointed guerilla mayor of the town, followed by the appointment of Isberto Crisostomo as civilian town mayor in 1946. The first post-war election was held in 1946 and Carlos Maclang was elected mayor.

Cityhood

The charter of the City of Malolos was first passed through Republic Act 8754 in 1999. The bill's author was then Rep. Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado. A plebiscite was conducted on December 18, 1999, where the votes not in favor of cityhood won. However, an electoral protest was filed at the COMELEC regarding the results of the plebiscite.[16]. The protest was granted by the Second Division of COMELEC, per Resolution No. Election Protest Case (EPC) 99-2, and paved the way for the town to become officially a city on October 8, 2002. The decision affirming the "yes" votes became final and executory on November 8, 2002.

Lone Congressional District of the City of Malolos

On December 19, 2007, Senator Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II introduced and filed Senate Bill 1986 that seeks to amend section 57 of Republic Act 8754, the component law converting Malolos from a municipality to a component city. The Bill was read on First Reading and Referred to the Committee on Rules on the same day as it was filled. On May 13, 2008, it was referred to the Committee on Local Government, on motion of Senator Pangilinan. On October 6, 2008, the bill was sponsored by Senator Benigno S. Aquino III, and co-sponsored by Senators Richard "Dick" J. Gordon and Mar Roxas.

In the House of the Representatives, House Bill 3693 was filed on March 4, 2008 by Ma. Victoria Sy-Alvarado, Representative of the first district of Bulacan. The Committee on Local Government, of the House of the Representatves, approved House Bill 3162, declaring Malolos City as a lone congressional district separate and distinct from the first congressional district of the province of Bulacan. The said House Bill was substituted by House Bill 3693, which had been approved by the House on April 29, 2008; transmitted on May 5; and was received by the Senate on May 6, 2008.

The REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9591, entitled "AN ACT AMENDING SECTION 57 OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8754, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE CHARTER OF THE CITY OF MALOLOS" was passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on April 29, 2008 and February 16,2009 respectively. It was transmitted to the Office of the President on March 31, 2009. The Act Lapsed into law on May 1, 2009 without the signature of the President, in accordance with Article VI, Section 27 (1) of the Constitution.[17]

The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) created a resolution, Resolution No. 09-0544, in the matter of Republic Act No. 9591 on the allocation of one (1) legislative district for the City of Malolos.

"In order to implement Republic Act No. 9591, entitled "AN ACT AMENDING SECTION 57 OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8754, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE CHARTER OF THE CITY OF MALOLOS", the Commission RESOLVED, as it hereby RESOLVES, to approve the recommendation of Deputy Executive Director for Operations Bartolome J. Sinocruz, Jr. to provide additional allocation of the lone legislative district for the City of Malolos to be included in the May 10, 2010 National Elections." excerpt from the Minutes of the Regular En Banc Meeting of the Commission on Elections held on August 25, 2009.[18]

On January 28, 2010. The Supreme Court declared the creation of the new legislative district as unconstitutional. Thus, the City of Malolos will return to being part of the 1st District of Bulacan.[19]

City Government

The following are the current elected officials of the city:

  • Mayor: Atty. Danilo A. Domingo
  • Vice Mayor: Emmanuel R. Sacay

City Councilors:

  • Coun. Dennis D. San Diego
  • Coun. Therese Cheryll B. Ople
  • Coun. Tomas D. Reyes
  • Coun. Crispin G. Erjas
  • Coun. Ireneo V. Manalaysay
  • Coun. Francisco A. Centeno, Jr.
  • Coun. Armando A. Alba
  • Coun. Alberto Q. Ramos
  • Coun. Felino M. Teodoro
  • Coun. Gilbert I. Gatchalian

Economy

Commerce and Industry

The City of Malolos is steadily becoming industrialized due to its proximity to Metro Manila. Many corporations put up industrial plants and site, and commercial and banking establishments in the key places in the city. Some of the businesses and industries include Agribusiness; Aquaculture; Banking; Cement Bag Making Ceramics; Construction; Courier; Education; Food/Food Processing; Furniture; Garments; Gifts, Housewares & Decorations; Hospitals; Hotels, Resorts & Restaurants; Information and Communications Technology; Insurance; Jewelry; leather & leather tanning; Manpower; Manufacturing; Marble; Printing Press; Realty/Real Property Development; Shoe Manufacturing; Textile; Trade; Transport Services; Travel & Tours; Other Services

Major Industries

  • Industrial Estates
  • Agriculture
  • Aquaculture
  • Banking
  • Bag Making
  • Flowers/Ornamental Plants
  • Food/Food Processing
  • Garments
  • Gifts/Houseware/Decors

Major Products

  • Bakeries Products (Enseymada Malolos, Otap Bread)
  • Processed Meat
  • Processed Food (Atsarang Kangkong, Bagoong Alamang)
  • Metallic products
  • Rice
  • Fishes and other Seafoods.

Others

  • Pabalat or pastillas wrapper making, an intricate art of paper cutting that turns ordinary pieces of Japanese paper into lace-like creations was once a prized skill amongst the old families of the province. It is a vanishing tradition in the province of Bulacan where it originated. Families proudly displayed tall dishes of this sweet treat for the benefit of visitors. With their fancy tails hanging down from the dish's rim and the light shining through the delicate paper, the wrapped candies looked like expensive handmade lace decorations, and were a welcome addition to the family's dining tables.
  • Sweetened Lime skin or Minatamis na Balat ng Dayap in Filipino

First Bulacan Industrial City

The First Bulacan Industrial City is located in MacArthur Highway in Barangay Tikay.

One Town One Product

The city has thirteen (13) One Town One Product (OTOP) Small and Medium Industries (SMEs).

Tourism

Historical Sites

  • Barasoain Church (Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish) - site of the constitutional convention of the Malolos Republic, seat of the First Philippine Republic from Sept. 15, 1898 to late February 1899. Also houses an Ecclesiastical Museum.
  • Malolos Cathedral (Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception), the 10th Basilica in the Philippines. Presidential quarters of the Aguinaldo presidency. Seat of the Diocese of Malolos
  • Casa Real Shrine (Casa Real de Malolos), built in 1580, original seat of municipal government. Served as the printing press of the Philippine Revolution, as seat of the American military provincial government and the Japanese Chamber of Commerce during the Japanese Occupation. Currently a museum holding relics of the 21 Women of Malolos.
  • Bulacan Provincial Capitol, seat of the provincial government of Bulacan.

Resorts

  • DJ Paradise Hotel and Resort[20] in MacArthur Highway, Dakila;
  • Malolos Resort Club Royale[21] in Fausta Subdvision in Barangay Mabolo;
  • Palm Garden Resort in Pinagbakahan;
  • Lucky Garden Resort in Caniogan;
  • Villa Reina Resort in Valenzuela St., Catmon;
  • Villa Leonila Resort in Garville Subdivision, Lugam;
  • Manggahan Mini Resort & Pool in Del Carmen Subdivision, Sumapang Matanda;
  • Luisky View Park and Fishing Ground in Matimbo;
  • Soledad Farm Resort in Bangkal;

Festivals

  • Santa Cruzan - (May), the procession in honor of the Holy Christ is held in practically all towns and cities in the whole province. Every parish hours however celebrates the ending of the Flores de Mayo during the last week. This reenacts the founding of the True Cross by Empree helena and Constantine in Jerusalem during Byzantine Era. It is an annual religious festival.
  • Singkaban Fiesta (Sining at Kalinangan ng Bulacan), a festival of arts and culture in honor of Capitol's patron saint, "Our Lady of Victory", showcasing the traditional arts of "Balagtasan", "Kundiman" and folk dances amidst of the "Singkaban" arches. The festival is celebrated in every second week of September which is in conjunction with the "Linggo ng Bulakan". Linggo ng Bulacan (Held during September 8-15), A province-wide, week-long celebration consisting of various colourful cultural presentations, art and culinary exhibits, arts and skills contests, and the prestigious annual Dangal ng Lipi Awards Night. Yearly, its activities vary depending upon the chosen theme for the year.
  • Santo Niño Festival - (Held during Last Sunday of January), The biggest expression of devotion of the Holy Child Jesus in the Luzon island, celebrated every last Sunday of January. The festivities begin with an exhibit of "Santo Niño" (Holy Child) and culminate in a grand procession of hundreds of folk, antique and new statues of the Holy Child different manifestations, e.g., as shepherd boy, as keeper of the world, as a sleeping child, etc.
  • Santisima Trinidad Fiesta - May or June, celebrated at the 9th Sunday including the Easter Sunday of every year, it is commonly called Pista ng Barihan because Baranggay Santisima Trinidad and Pinagbakahan are formerly part Baranggay Barihan proximity to the Barrio Barihan. The pista ng Santisima Trinidad in Malolos City features the procession exposing the three old and antique Holy Images of the Most Holy Trinity. The Santisima Trinidad-Mayor[celebrated His 510th birthdate last January 10, 2010(Sunday)],Santisima Trinidad De Minore(Bata)and Trisagio. These holy images are very antique and miraculous

Parks and Museums

Social Services

Housing

  • The city hosts more than 50 residential subdivisions and a resettlement project of the national government (Northville 8 Resettlement Project).

Education

Malolos is hailed as one of the centers of education in Central Luzon region. The city is host to numerous schools in the primary, secondary and tertiary level. Here are the partial list of schools, academies, institutes, colleges, and universities in Malolos.

Colleges and Universities

  • Bulacan State University (BSU) (Main Campus)
  • Centro Escolar University (CEU) (Malolos Campus)
  • University of Regina Carmeli (URC) (Catmon and Barasoain Campus)
  • Bulacan Polytechnic College (BPC) (Malolos Campus)
  • STI College
  • AMA Computer College (AMACC)
  • AMA Computer Learning Center (AMACLC)
  • ABE International College of Business & Accountancy
  • St. Augustine College of Nursing
  • Syllabus Technology Institute (STI) College
  • Informatics Computer Institute (James Tech. Inst. Inc) - Malolos Center
  • Divine Colleges of Malolos City, Inc. (formerly Divine Arts & Sciences Computer College, Inc.)
  • Collegio De San Jose (Veritas Technical School)
  • Datacase Computer Technology Inc.
  • Manila Montessori College International - Malolos Campus
  • Corinthian International College
  • TESDA - Provincial Training Center - Bulacan (Malolos)

High Schools, Elementary, and Pre-Schools

Public or Government-Subsidized Schools

Malolos has 38 public Elementary schools under the authority of Department of Education Division of City Schools of Malolos, the city schools are divided into two educational district (EDDIS) for representation purposes. The office of DEPED Division of City Schools of Malolos is currently located at the Malolos Elementary School (also known as Malolos Central School).

Malolos North

  • Balite ES
  • Barasoain Memorial ES (Mojon)[1]
  • Barihan ES
  • Bulihan ES
  • Bungahan ES
  • Caingin ES
  • Catmon ES
  • Dakila ES
  • Ligas ES
  • Longos ES
  • Look 2Nd ES
  • Lugam Annex PS
  • Look 1st Lugam ES
  • Mabolo ES
  • San Pablo PS
  • Santor ES
  • Sta. Isabel ES
  • Stma. Trinidad ES
  • Sumapa (Bata) PS
  • Sumapa ES
  • Tikay ES

Malolos South

  • Anilao ES
  • Atlag ES
  • Babatnin ES
  • Bagna ES
  • Balayong PS
  • Caliligawan ES
  • Canalate ES
  • Caniogan ES
  • Gen. Isidoro Torres Memorial ES
  • Malolos ES (Sto. Rosario)[2][3]
  • Mambog ES
  • Masile ES
  • Namayan ES
  • Pamarawan ES
  • Panasahan ES
  • San Juan ES
  • Taal ES

Footnotes:

1. ^ serves as the central school for Malolos North District

2. ^ serves as the central school for Malolos South District

3. ^ the Central School offers Special Education (SPED)

Private Schools
There are many privately owned and church-operated schools established in the city. Private Schools are member of Malolos City Private Schools Association (MACIPRISA)

  • AVM Motessori Center
  • Bible Baptist Academy
  • Bulacan Ecumenical School
  • Busy Bodies Active Minds Learning
  • Community Elem. Sch. SDA (Seventh-Day Adventist)
  • Darwin International School
  • DANS' Learning Center
  • Garnets Pre-School
  • Holy Family School of Malolos
  • Holy Infant School
  • Holy Rosary Learning Center
  • Holy Spirit Academy of Malolos
  • Holy Trinity Academy of Malolos
  • Immaculate Conception School for Boys
  • Immaculate Conception School of Malolos
  • International Montessori Center
  • J. E. Montessori School (for. St. John Academy)
  • Keyserian Montessori School
  • Levi's Angels Learning Center, Malolos
  • Liceo delos Apostoles
  • Lord's Angels Montessori School
  • Ma. Therese Montessori School
  • Malolos Adventist Elementary School
  • Malolos Christian School
  • Malolos Ecumencal School (formerly Malolos Ecumenical Kindergarten)
  • Mary the Queen School of Malolos
  • Merr-C Academy (Inside Villa Rosalinda)
  • Montessori de Natividad
  • Montessori School of Malolos
  • North Hills Academy of Malolos
  • People of Praise Christian Academy
  • St Clement Academy
  • St. Ezekiel School
  • St. Joseph Parochial School
  • St. Mary Apostolate School (formerly Malolos DMI Kinder School)
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Academy
  • St. Vicent Kiddie School (formerly Angel of God Kiddie Sch. & Special LC)
  • Stella maris academy of malolos
  • Stella Orientis School
  • STI Prep School of Malolos, Inc.
  • University of Regina Carmeli - Basic Education Department (High School & Grade School)

Health

Hospitals, Medical Center and Large Clinics

  • Bulacan Medical Center (formerly Bulacan Provincial Hospital)[22]
  • Sacred Heart Hospital (Sec.)
  • Santos General Hospital of Malolos (Sec.)
  • Malolos San Vicente Hospital (Sec.)
  • Malolos San Ildefonso County Hospital (Sec.)
  • Mary Immaculate Maternity Hospital
  • Romel Cruz Hospital
  • Ofelia Mendoza Maternity and General Hospital
  • San Roque Hospital (Sec.)
  • Santisima Trinidad Hospital (Sec.)
  • Malolos Maternity Hospital (Sec.)
  • Malolos EENT Hospital (Sec.)
  • Saint Michael Clinic & Maternity Hospital (Pri.)
  • Malolos Eye Center (Sec.)
  • Santos Clinic, Inc. (Sec.)
  • St. Vincent Polymedic Clinic
  • EAQ Malolos Klinika at Laboratorio
  • Maunlad Medical Laboratory

Health Centers (Sentrong Sigla Certified Health Facilities)
All barangays have its own Barangay Health Center.

  • Malolos Rural Health Unit (RHS) I
  • Malolos RHU II
    • Malolos Healthy Lifestyle and Fitness Center
  • Malolos RHU III
  • Malolos RHU IV
  • Estefania J. Aldaba Memorial Health Center and School Clinic
  • Bulihan BHS (Malolos RHU II)
  • Catmon BHS (Malolos RHU)
  • Mojon BHS (Malolos RHU II)

Infrastructures and Public Utilities

Popular Places: Infrastructure, Establisments, Etc.

The city boasts several important historical sites, establishments and infrastructures.

Malolos City Proper (Downtown Malolos)

Located in Barangays Santo Niño, San Vicente and Santo Rosario and in the heart of the city, the city proper contains the city government's offices and the center of the city's public services. It also has several commercial establishments and some historical sites.

  • Malolos Cathedral, also known as Minor Basilica of Immaculate Conception
  • Immaculate Conception Basilica Convent
  • Basilica Patio
  • The Kalayaan Tree
  • The Great Cross of Malolos
  • General Isodoro Torres Monument
  • Veterans Federation of the Philippines Malolos Post - World War II Filipino Veterans Monument
  • Malolos City Hall, (Main Hall and Annex Building) the seat of the City Government of Malolos
  • Malolos City Police Station, Philippine National Police (PNP) City Police Station.
  • City Government of Malolos, Annex Building
  • Municipal Trial Court in City (MTCC)
  • Philippine Mediation Center (PMC) Bulacan unit
  • Malolos Central Pharmacy
  • Office of the Senior Citizen Affairs
  • Malolos Fire Station
  • City of Malolos Water District (CMWD) Building
  • Malolos Public Market (Wet and Dry Market)
  • Malolos Elementary School, also known as the Malolos Central School, which houses the Department of Education's Division of City Schools of Malolos.
  • Malolos Lodge No. 46, one of the Freemasonry Lodges of Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the province, located in front of Malolos Central School.
  • Malolos Fish Market
  • Malolos Slaughter House
  • Malolos Shopping Center, Valmeña Mart & Maunlad Mall 1 & 2
  • Pinoy Bingo, top floor of Maunlad Mall 2
  • PC Warehouse (the one stop computer shop)
  • Fast Food Stores
  • M. Crisostomo Street, a Divisoria-like street with full of stores with cheap-priced products from Divisoria. This street leads to the public market
  • Kamistisuhan District, Kamistisuhan Houses, Parancillo and F. Estrella streets and General Felipe Estrella bridge
    • Casa Real Shrine
    • General Felipe Estrella bridge
    • Convent of Malolos Cathedral, served as the Palacio Presidencial de Aguinaldo or the Seat of the Aguinaldo’s Presidency.
    • Arcadio Ejercito House, at the corner of Parancillo and F. Estrella streets. This house served as the Department of War of the First Philippine Republic.
    • Erastro Cervantes House, located along the Parancillo street. It housed the Department of Interior.
    • Adriano House, also along Pariancillo Street. This ancestral home was beautifully restored to its original state to house the Meralco Malolos branch. It served as the Gobierno Militar de la Plaza during Aguinaldo’s term.
    • Casa Tribunal Building, or the "old Carcel", served as a jailhouse during Spanish era.
    • Institute de Mujeres
    • Lomotan House, located at the Sto. Niño street.
    • Bautista House, served as the as office of the Secretaria de Fomento.
    • Lino and Maria Reyes House, located across the church along Estrella Street. This house served as the office of Apolinario Mabini when he was appointed as chief adviser to President Aguinaldo. It was said that Mabini and Aguinaldo were often heard arguing from this house.

Provincial Capitol Compound

Located in Barangay Mojon, it is the seat of the provincial government of Bulacan and contains the offices, government buildings and public services of the provincial government. It also houses several provincial branch offices of several national government institutions and offices.

Provincial capitol of Bulacan located in Barangay Mojon, Malolos City, Bulacan.
  • Bulacan Provincial Capitol Building, the seat of the Provincial Government of Bulacan
  • Hiyas ng Bulacan Convention Center (Pearl of Bulacan Convention Center)
  • Bulwagang Gat Blas F. Ople (Gat Blas F. Ople Auditorium)
    • Museo ng Bulacan (Bulacan Museum) (also known as "Hiyas ng Bulakan" Museum)
    • Provincial Library and E-Library Center
    • Sentro ng Kabataan, Sining at Kultura ng Bulacan Office (Center of Youth, Arts and Culture of Bulacan)
  • The New Bulacan Capitol Gymnasium
  • Bulacan Packaging and Toll Packing Center (BPSTPC)
  • Bulwagan ng Katarungan (Regional Trial Court)
  • Camp General Alejo Santos, PNP Bulacan Provincial Police Office
  • Panlalawigan Piitan ng Bulacan (Bulacan Provincial Jail)
  • Panlalawigang Kainan ng Bulacan (Bulacan Provincial Food Court)
  • Bulacan Medical Center (formerly Bulacan Provincial Hospital)
    • Bulacan Cancer Institute, the top floor of the Bulacan Medical Center building.
    • Bulacan Blood Bank
  • Commission on Audit building
  • Philippine National Red Cross - Bulacan Chapter Office
  • Department of Agriculture (DAR) Division of Bulacan Office
  • Department of Education (DEPED) Division of Bulacan Office
  • Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Bulacan Office
  • Dapartment of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) Bulacan Office
  • Land Transportation and Franchising Regulatory Board (LTFRB) Malolos Office
  • Provincial Disaster Management Coordinating Council
  • Boy Scouts of the Philippines (BSP) Bulacan Council Office
  • Girl Scouts of the Philippines (GSP) Bulacan Council Office
  • Integrated Bar of the Philippines
  • Women Center
  • Department of Education Teacher's Training Center
  • Philippine Post Office
  • Kapisanan ng mga Dentista sa Bulacan (KaDeBu) (Association of Dentists in Bulacan)

Malolos Crossing (Central Malolos)

280-meter permanent steel flyover located at Barangay Guinhawa in Malolos City.

Located in the boundaries of Barangays Liang, Catmon, Mabolo, Guinhawa and Mojon, the Malolos Crossing is considered as the transportation hub of the city wherein buses, jeepneys and trains converge transporting the people in and out of the city.

  • Malolos Flyover, a 280-meter permanent steel flyover located at the crossing of MacArthur Highway, Paseo del Congreso road and Mabini streets. It is one of the flyovers of President's Bridge Programs, Tulay ng Pangulo Project of the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). The construction of the flyover was built in just 60 days. It is falls under the Mabey Logistic Support Bridge category.[23]
  • Commercial Establishments
    • Fast Food Stores
    • Nipa Huts and Food Stalls
    • Computer Shops
      • Barasoain Computer
      • CADTECH
      • PC Warehouse
  • Golden City
  • Northrail Transit site

Barasoain Church Compound

Located in Barangay San Agustin, it houses the Barasoain Church, also known as Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish. It is the site of the ratification of the Malolos Constitution. Barasoain was also the name of an old town that was later fused into the then-town of Malolos, along with the old town of Santa Isabel.

  • Barasoain Church
  • General Emilio Aguinaldo Monument
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish Covent
    • Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum
    • Barasoain Museum
  • University of Regina Carmeli ("The Only Catholic University in Bulacan"), Barasoain Campus

Santa Isabel

Located in Barangays Bagong Bayan, Cofradia and Santo Cristo, "Santa Isabel" contains the Bulacan Sports Complex and the Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School. The name "Santa Isabel" is not a name of a barangay but rather the name of an old town that was merged into the then-town of Malolos, along with the old town of Barasoain.

  • Bulacan Sports Complex
  • DJ Paradise Hotel and Resort
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School
  • Santa Isabel Cemetery, in Barangay Cofradia
  • Santa Isabel Church, in Barangay Santo Cristo
  • The private schools of Holy Spirit Academy, Holy Infant School, International Montessori Center, etc.

Other Places of Interest

The Malolos City Central Transport Terminal in Barangay Mojon, Malolos City, Bulacan.
The two radio towers of Veritas Transmitter Station in Barangay Guinhawa, Malolos City, Bulacan.
  • Malolos City Welcoming Arch, boundary arch between Malolos City and the Municipality of Guiguinto.
  • Bulacan State University Main Campus, in Barangay Bulihan, beside the Provincial Capitol compound.
  • Radio Veritas 846 Transmitter Station,
  • The Cabanas Mall, in Longos,
  • Puregold,
  • Malolos Central Terminal, an integrated transport terminal for jeepneys, and
  • Atlag United Methodist Church, considered as the one of the oldest Protestant church in the country and the oldest in the province

Fast food Chains

  • Jollibee Crossing
  • Jollibee Bayan
  • Jollibee Puregold
  • Chowking Bayan
  • Chowking Crossing
  • Greenwich
  • Mcdonald's South Supermarket
  • McDonald's BSU
  • KFC
  • Mang Inasal
  • Kenny Roger's Rosters
  • Max's Fried Chicken
  • Gerry's Grill

Malls, Supermakets and Public Markets

  • The Cabanas
  • Grandma's Supermarket in Guinhawa
  • Malolos Public Market (Pamilihang Panlungsod ng Malolos) - Wet and Dry Market
  • Malolos Shopping Arcade
  • Malolos Shopping Center
  • Maunlad Mall 1 & 2
  • Mega Magic Malolos
  • PureGold
  • South Supermaket
  • Super 8 Grocery Warehouse
  • Uniwide Sales - US Warehouse Club
  • Everwin Supermarket
  • Valmeña Mart
  • Graceland Mall

Hotels, Motels, Hostels, Inns, and Apartelles

  • DJ Paradise Hotel and Resort
  • Malolos Resort Club Royale Hotel
  • Bulacan State University Hostel, inside Bulacan State University Main Campus
  • BarCIE (Barasoain Center for Innovative Education) International Center (Hotel), inside University of Regina Carmeli Catmon Campus
  • Lucky Seven Inn
  • Seven Seven Traveller's Inn and Coffee Shop
  • Malolos Apartelle Park
  • Green Ville Apartelle
  • Mila’s Hotel
  • Barasoain Hotel
  • Barasoain Leaf Lodge

Gyms, Sports and Gaming Centers, & Recreation Facilities

  • Bulacan Sports Complex, in "Santa Isabel" Bagong Bayan
  • Bagong Bulacan Capitol Gym, in Provincial Capitol Compound
  • Malolos Sports Center & Cockpit Arena
  • Malolos Highway Cockpit Arena
  • CEU Centrodome, inside Centro Escolar University Malolos Campus
  • Valencia Hall, also known as BULSU Gym, inside Bulacan State University Main Campus
  • Citywalk Badminton Sports Center,
  • Shuttles Best/ JCAS Sports Alley, in Mabolo
  • Red Oil Badminton Court,
  • DJ Paradise Bowling Center
  • Malolos Aikido Club, inside Malolos Mason Lodge in Santo Rosario
  • Malolos Tennis Club, inside the campus of Bulacan State University
  • Chess Institute, inside the campus of Bulacan State University
  • IDEAL Airsoft Gamesite,[24] in Bungahan.
  • Rufina Driving Range, inside the Rufina Golden Village in Santo Cristo

Memorial Parks and Cemeteries

  • Malolos Municipal Cemetery
  • Malolos Memorial Park
  • Santa Isabel Cemetery
  • Barasoain Memorial Park
  • Saint Vincent Memorial Park.
  • Krus sa Wawa Memorial Park
  • Legacy Memorial Park
  • The Galilee Park
  • Panasahan Cemetery

Roads and Transportation

As the capital city of Bulacan and one of its centers of industry, the city has one of the most extensive road networks in Central Luzon. Most of the traffic occurs in Malolos Crossing, wherein jeepneys, buses and trains converge. In order to solve the problem, the government has built the Malolos Central Terminal to serve as a common terminal to all modes of transport that plies within the city.

The Welcoming Arch of the City

Vehicular Traffic

On average, there are 499 private cars per hour plying the MacArthur Highway, Malolos section. If private trucks, delivery vans, and motorcycles are included, the hourly average goes up to 816 vehicles. On the other hand, there is an hourly average of 432 public vehicles including buses, jeepneys, and tricycles.

Only private cars and public jeepneys follow a pattern of peaks and troughs in a day. Peak volume is at 10 am to 11 am in the morning and again at 5 pm to 7 pm in the evening. Lowest traffic volume during the day is observed from 12 pm to 1 pm.

Most of the traffic comes from Malolos going towards Calumpit (or North-bound), representing approximately 66% of the total traffic.

Major Roads

The following are some of the major roads that traverse the city:

MacArthur Highway, also known as the Manila North Road, traversing the city. This photograph was taken in Barangay Mabolo, Malolos City near Fausta Subdivision.
Paseo del Congreso, also known as Plaridel-Bigaa Road, at its intersection with MacArthur Highway in Barangay Mojon, Malolos City.
  • MacArthur Highway (Manila North Road), a national road which stretches from Monumento in Caloocan City to Pangasinan. It traverses the city from Tabang, Guiguinto - Tikay, Malolos to Longos, Malolos - Longos, Calumpit.
  • Plaridel - Bigaa road, a provincial road that connects Quingua (Plaridel) and Bigaa (Balagtas). It transverse the Plariel-Malolos (Mabini Street and Paseo del Congreso road) and Malolos-Balagtas roads (F. Estrella Street, Malolos-Bulacan and Bulacan-Balagtas roads).
    • Paseo del Congreso Road, a historic road that links Malolos City proper (Bayan) and Malolos Centra (Crossing). It is a part of the Plaridel-Bigaa Road network.
    • Felipe Estrella Street
    • Mabini Street
  • Malolos - Hagonoy road, a provincial road that connects the Malolos City proper to the town propers of Paombong and Hagonoy.
  • Bulihan Road, a provincial road that links Malolos "Bayan" to Bulihan and Longos (northern barangays in Malolos). It used to be the link toward Pampanga and northern provinces before MacArthur Highway was created.
  • Gat. Blas Ople Diversion Road (formerly known as Catmon-Anilao-Bulihan Diversion Road). The road connects Barangay Catmon, pass through Bulihan, and exits on Anilao. It was created to make a short-cut from the Central "Crossing" to Paombong and Hagonoy, instead of taking Malolos-Hagonoy road in the "Bayan"
  • Santo Cristo - Mabolo Diversion Road, a diversion road that serves as an option (short-cut) from the "Bayan" to reach the Highway. It links the F. Estrella Street in Santo Cristo and Lucero Street in Mabolo.
  • Ten Tanjeco Street and M. Crisostomo Street in San Vicente
  • Lucero Street in Mabolo
  • T. Jacinto Street, portion of Malolos-Hagonoy road.
  • Gat. Damaso Kaluag Avenue (formerly Lucero St.) starting from Barangay San Vicente to Barangay San Pablo in Santa Isabel.
  • The North Luzon Expressway's Tabang Spur Road, also known as Tabang Access Road, terminates in the city. This 4-lane, limited-access expressway links the city to the mainline North Luzon Expressway, and therefore to Metro Manila with the convenience of fast, safe and easy driving.

Public Transportation

Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive tricycles, jeepneys, taxis, and buses. Motored boats (or Bancas) are used to transport goods and bring people to the island barangays, like Pamarawan, Babatnin, Namayan, Caliligawan and Masile that can only be reached by boats.

Tricycles are used for short distance travel.

Various jeepney routes also ply the roads between the city and neighboring cities and towns in Metro Manila (cities of Valenzuela and Caloocan), in Bulacan (Paombong, Hagonoy, Plaridel, Pulilan, Calumpit, Guiguinto, Balagtas, Bocaue, Santa Maria, Marilao and Meycauayan City), and in Pampanga (Apalit and the City of San Fernando).

While the "FX" and "L300" van taxis, from their terminals, and Provincial Buses (Baliwag Transit, Victory Liner and First North Luzon Transit), which passes through the MacArthur Highway, takes passengers to key places in the "Metro" (Monumento in Caloocan City; Cubao in Quezon City; Divisoria in Manila; and Pasay City) and to northern provinces (Apalit, Guagua, City of San Fernando in Pampanga; and as far as Olongapo City in Zambales).

Karatig

The city has its unique public utility jeepney service called Karatig. The Karatig is a short, modified owner-type jeepney used as a public utility vehicle. It has two routes, namely Deretso and Fausta, but both routes will still end-up in the downtown city proper. On the first route, Deretso, the Karatigs ply through the Paseo del Congreso road (passing by the famous Barasoain Church & Casa Real shrine), a straight road that connects the City Proper and Crossing in MacArthur Highway, hence the name Deretso in Filipino or straight. However, this route tends to be congested during rush hours. On the second route, Fausta, the jeepneys ply through the Fausta Subdivision in Barangay Mabolo, and exiting to the highway. Both routes charge a flat fare of PHP 7.50 or $ 0.15.

Water

The bulk of water requirement of the city is being served by the City of Malolos Water District (CMWD). Recently, the CMWD is now categorized as a "Large Water District", because it supplies clean water to the whole city and some barangays of Paombong. Some subdivisions have their own independent water supply system.

Power

Power distribution in the city is being undertaken by the Manila Electric Company (MERALCO).

Telecommunications and Communications

Landline telephone systems are being provided by the Digitel and PLDT.

Mobile telephony services are provided by Smart Communications, Globe Telecom & Sun Cellular from Digitel.

Internet services are provided through DSL and Cable broadband coverage is provided by PLDT, Digitel, Mozcom Internet, and Pacific Internet; and Wireless broadband is provided by (Smart Bro) Smart Communications.

Cable Television are provided by Skywatch CATV (based in San Juan, Malolos) and SkyCable Bulacan based in Balagtas.

References

  1. ^ Comelec unseats Bulacan governor
  2. ^ NSCB - 2003 Factsheet - One City and Eleven Barangays Created
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ GeoHive: Philippines Statistics - Main Cities
  5. ^ "Total Population, Household Population and Number of Households by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2000". National Statistics Office. May 1, 2000. http://www.census.gov.ph/census2000/p031400.html. Retrieved 2009-06-14. 
  6. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay as of August 1, 2007". National Statistics Office. August 1, 2007. http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/2007/region%203.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-14. 
  7. ^ The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, by Emma Helen Blair and James A. Robertson, Manila, 1903-1909
  8. ^ Malolos Historical Digest, March 2000, Marcial C. Aniag, editor
  9. ^ KAPAMPANGAN_KE_RING_BULAKENYU..._KAPAMPANGAN_DIN_KAMING_MGA_BULAKENYO...
  10. ^ Municipality of Bulacan
  11. ^ For the accounts of the attempted revolt, see Blair and Robertson, Vol.XXXVIII, p.98-99
  12. ^ Malolos Historical Digest, June 2000
  13. ^ Malolos Historical Digest, March 2000 issue, Marcial C. Aniag, editor; Book on the 21 Women of Malolos by Nicanor G. Tiongson
  14. ^ Welcome to the official webpage of Women of Malolos
  15. ^ Malolos Historical Digest, June 2000
  16. ^ Former Mayor Roque to Donate Cityhood Documents
  17. ^ REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9591, entitled "AN ACT AMENDING SECTION 57 OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8754, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE CHARTER OF THE CITY OF MALOLOS"
  18. ^ Minutes Resolution No. 09-0544
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ DJ Paradise Resort and Hotel: The Premiere Resort in Malolos City, Bulacan, Philippines
  21. ^ Welcome to Malolos Resort Club Royale
  22. ^ Newly built Bulacan hospital inaugurated
  23. ^ Mabey Flyover System 3D Modeling and Animation
  24. ^ New Malolos Gamesite!!! - Filipino Airsoft (FAS)

External links

Coordinates: 15°18′00″N 121°31′59″E / 15.300°N 121.533°E / 15.300; 121.533


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