Maltby, South Yorkshire: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the town of Maltby, South Yorkshire. For other uses, see Maltby.

Coordinates: 53°25′34″N 1°12′36″W / 53.426°N 1.210°W / 53.426; -1.210

Maltby
Maltby is located in South Yorkshire
Maltby

 Maltby shown within South Yorkshire
Population 17,247 
OS grid reference SK5292
Parish Maltby
Metropolitan borough Rotherham
Metropolitan county South Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROTHERHAM
Postcode district S66
Dialling code 01709
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Rother Valley
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Maltby is a town and civil parish of 17,247 inhabitants in a rural area about seven miles east of Rotherham, in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England.[1] It lies on the A631 between Hellaby and Tickhill at the junction with the A634 from Blyth, close to Junction 1 of the M18 motorway.

Contents

History

Maltby has its historical roots in Roman times, and there are several local examples of Roman roads running through the town. Maltby is mentioned in the Domesday Book as "by-malt", and was for centuries a very small village with the benefits of a fairly large stream nearby and very rich land for farming available. Since the discovery of coal in the area in the late 19th century, however, the population of Maltby has risen from around 500 at the turn of the 19th century to about 17,980 by the 2007 census.

Maltby Main Colliery was the site of mass protests during the 1984-1985 miners' strike, and remains today one of only three collieries still open in the area, the only one within Rotherham Metropolitan Borough.

During the Second World War, a munitions factory, ROF Maltby, was established on the outskirts of Maltby close to the colliery, though this has long since been closed. Maltby also had a very successful factory, Byfords, which produced knitwear for such companies as Pringle - this has long since closed and the new police station was built on the site.

Maltby railway station on the South Yorkshire Joint Railway served the town from 1910 until 1929.

Maltby

There is a historic feature just outside of Maltby called Roche Abbey, which was ruined during the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the reign of Henry VIII.

Community and culture

In order to house its workers the colliery company built a large estate known as Maltby Model Village to the east of the town centre.

Maltby has a large Roman Catholic congregation, predominantly first or second generation Irish immigrants, many of whom were navvies and "sunk" Maltby Colliery in the early 20th century. There is a working men's club for Catholics, Maltby Catholic Club, situated on Millindale.

The Maltfriscans [2] are a lay community, predominantly Roman Catholic, that began with a group of punk rockers and other young people in Maltby. The name comes from Maltby franciscans, as they take St Francis of Assisi as one of their inspirations. There are very few remaining now in Maltby.

The town is served by a variety of shops and businesses. There is a large Tesco in the town centre on the site of what was once an indoor and outdoor market.

There are several pubs in the town, the oldest of which is the White Swan (16th century). The Queen's Hotel was once frequented by the Maltby Mortis, an outlaw biker motorcycle club. Other pubs include two owned by the Tadcaster based Samuel Smith's Brewery, the Lumley Arms and the Manor.

Maltby Comprehensive School[3] on Braithwell Road (B6376) has famous alumni including the Dancing England Rapper Tournament 2005 winners. The school performs well under the UK average, and is even underperforming for Rotherham MBC. There is a Roman Catholic primary school in Maltby - St Mary's Primary School.

The ancient game of "beck ball" was revived in the mid 1980s to some success; this is a sort of rugby game, where opposing teams generally fight a turf war in the local stream.

Hard times

Maltby was once, in modern terms, a small village of only several thousand inhabitants, but since the war and particularly the 1950s, it has seen a massive increase in its population. Many "new" housing estates were built in the 1970s and 1980s for private ownership. Maltby's main council housing stock went into serious disrepair during the 1980s with areas like "White City" becoming near-slum dwellings. These hard done-by areas were rejuvenated in the 1990s and Maltby has benefited from local government funding since 1997.

Coal

Maltby Colliery - February 2007

With a history dating back to 1907 when work on sinking the original shafts began, Maltby today has the most modern equipment and the highest quality coal extracted from the Parkgate seam some 1,040 metres below ground.

Access to the reserves is gained by two shafts, No.2 984m deep and No.3 991m deep, with the capability of winding up to 1,500 tonnes of mineral an hour to the surface.

Output serves a range of markets, including sales for the production of coke, quality smokeless fuels, industry and power stations.

Investment of around £12m is planned during 2004/5, including nearly 5,000 metres of strategic drivages to reserves in the north east area of the mine, two surface boreholes and the refurbishment of equipment. The colliery employs 520 people.[1]

During the 1984-1985 miners' strike, there was a degree of poverty among the large local mining population and some children went without adequate food and clothing due to government denial of social security benefits to the strikers. A riot occurred when thousands of miners picketed the colliery as agency workers were bused into the mine (see BBC News item). The rioting and violence was not at the same level of the Battle of Orgreave, but left a bitter division between the police, the strikers and the miners who returned to work ("scabs"). The scars of the strike have not healed in many people's minds and some still hold on to their resentment towards the families of strike-breakers, more than twenty years after the end of the strike.

The local NUM delegate for Maltby Colliery, Bob Mounsey, featured in many of the pickets at various collieries and was pictured in major books and newspapers being attacked by police at Orgreave.

Many such miners went on to win compensation from the police in 1992.

The Miners' Welfare Institute (locally known as the "stute"), a working mens club for miners, is still open to this day.

In 2007 the colliery was guaranteed a future when it was bought by Hargreaves Services, for £21.5m, safeguarding around 500 jobs [2].

Famous residents

The town once had the tallest twins in Britain, Jonathan and Mark Carratt, who earned a mention in the 1980 Guinness Book of Records. Both brothers still live in Maltby today, though are no longer classed as Britain's tallest twins. At the time - they appeared on the local 'Calendar News' programme, and as local football referees were filmed kicking a football on the local Manor Field.

Maltby used to be the home to the Chuckle Brothers and famous cricketer Fred Trueman was educated at Maltby Hall School. He moved to Maltby from Stainton with his parents and lived just off Morrell Street. Fred also worked at Maltby Colliery as also did his father.

Maltby was also the home to Lynne Perrie, an actress who played the role of Ivy Brennan in Coronation Street for 23 years. She lived in the Cliff Hills area until her death in March 2006. Her brother Duggie Brown, also an entertainer (ex Brookside) lived in the Maltby area before moving away during the 1970s.

Bill Waddington, who played Percy Sugden (again a Coronation Street character), married the sister of the Chuckle Brothers and died in a retirement home in the centre of the town.

Maltby is also responsible for Graham Mullins, the World's Strongest Man competitor, who also appeared in Hollywood movies Gladiator and Tristan & Isolde (film).

References

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message